El folclor y el patrimonio frente a la hibridación y la globalización en la música colombiana. Tensiones tradicionalistas vs. Modernizadoras: políticas culturales, poder e identidad

32 

Texto completo

(1)

El folclor y el patrimonio

frente a la hibridación y la globalización

en la música colombiana.

Tensiones tradicionalistas

vs. modernizadoras: políticas culturales,

poder e identidad

1

Darío Blanco Arboleda

Docente e investigador, Departamento de Antropología Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas

Universidad de Antioquia

Dirección electrónica: darioblanco1@gmail.com

Blanco Arboleda, Darío (2013). “El folclor y el patrimonio frente a la hibrida-ción y la globalizahibrida-ción en la música colombiana. Tensiones tradicionalistas vs

PRGHUQL]DGRUDVSROtWLFDVFXOWXUDOHVSRGHUHLGHQWLGDG´(QBoletín de An-tropología. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Vol. 28, N.o 45, pp. 180-211. 7H[WRUHFLELGRDSUREDFLyQ¿QDO

Resumen.El presente artículo busca discutir y evidenciar cómo se han solucionado las tensiones entre tradición-folclor-patrimonio y modernidad-hibridaciones-globalización, sobre el escenario de la música colombiana y cómo afecta su función principal que es la de brindar identidad a las personas y a las comunidades. En esta relación compleja, cruzada por variables de poder, por discursos y acciones de personas y comunidades que creen y construyen sus vidas en torno a estos conceptos, se dan grandes disputas, contradicciones, desplazamientos y negociaciones.

Palabras clave: música colombiana, folclor, patrimonio, tradición, autenticidad, hibridación, bam-buco, política cultural, poder, hegemonía.

(2)

)RONORUHDQGKHULWDJHFRQIURQWLQJWKHK\EULGL]DWLRQ

and globalization of Colombian music. Tensions

between tradition and modernization: cultural politics, power and identity

Abstract.This article seeks to discuss and make evident how the tensions between tradition-folk-heritage and modernity-hybridizations-mass-media on colombian music scene have been solved and how this solution affects their main function which is to provide identity to people and communities. Within this complex relationship, crossed by power variables, by speeches and actions of individuals and communities to create and build their lives around these concepts, there are major disputes, con-tradictions, shifts and negotiations.

Keywords: colombian music, folklore, heritage, tradition, authenticity, hybridization, bambuco, cultural policy, power, hegemony.

Introducción

0XFKDVYHFHVTXHODJHQWHQRVDEHTXHUDWRVWDQDPDUJRVSRUFXOSDGHOIROFORUVLQ HPEDUJRVR\XQKRPEUHLQFDQVDEOH\YLYRHQDPRUDGRGHPLSREUHDFRUGHyQ>«@

0LKHUPDQR\\R/RV+HUPDQRV=XOHWD

(VIXQGDPHQWDOSODQWHDUTXHODFDEDOFRPSUHQVLyQGHODVFRPSOHMLGDGHVDVRFLDGDVD ORVFRQFHSWRVGHSDWULPRQLRIROFORURP~VLFDWUDGLFLRQDOVRORSXHGHVHUDOFDQ]DGD HQODVWHQVLRQHVJHQHUDGDVSRUODDQWLQRPLDPRGHUQLGDGWUDGLFLyQ(VWDVFDWHJRUtDV QRVRQDEVROXWDVDXWRFRQWHQLGDVHLQPXWDEOHVSRUHOFRQWUDULRREHGHFHQDXQRV SDUWLFXODUHVLQWHUHVHVDXQDKLVWRULDXQGHVDUUROOR\HVWiQHQFRQWLQXDWUDQVIRUPD FLyQHLQYHQFLyQ

(3)

QDFLRQDOHVRORFDOHVFRQVHFXHQWHPHQWHWLHQGHQDLGHDOL]DUDODVFRPXQLGDGHV\D ORVHOHPHQWRV³FXOWXUDOHV´WUDGLFLRQDOHV'HLJXDOPDQHUDVHORJUDQDPDUUHVFRQOD FXOWXUDSRSXODUFRPRUHSUHVHQWDWLYDGHODJHQWHGHOFRP~Q\HQHVWHRUGHQOyJLFR FRPROD³YHUGDGHUD´HVHQFLDGHODQDFLyQEDMRODSUHVLyQGHORVGDWRVGHPRJUi¿FRV

(QODDQWtSRGDORVPHGLRVPDVLYRVGHFRPXQLFDFLyQODVYHUWLJLQRVDVWHFQROR JtDVQRVVHxDODQODSRVPRGHUQLGDGORLQGXVWULDOORVELHQHV\VHUYLFLRVORWUDQVJOREDO ORFRUSRUDWLYRODVRFLHGDGGHFRQVXPRHOFDSLWDOLVPRH[DFHUEDGRFRPRHOSODQR JHQHUDOGRQGHGHEHPRVLQVHUWDUQRVHVFHQDULRGHEUHJD\GHE~VTXHGDGHQXHVWUR ³OXJDUHQHOPXQGR´$VtODFXOWXUDORFDOQDFLRQDOVHFRQYLHUWHHQSDUWHVGHXQ URPSHFDEH]DVTXHSRVHHRWUDVWDQWDVSLH]DVVLPLODUHVSURYHQLHQWHVGHODWRWDOLGDG GHOJORER

(ODVXQWRDGHVHQWUDxDUDTXtHVFyPRXVDPRVWRGDHVWDVHULHGHFDWHJRUtDV\ HWLTXHWDVSDUDQRPEUDUORVHOHPHQWRVIXQGDQWHVGHQXHVWURVPXQGRVGHYLGDGHWUiV GHOHMHUFLFLRGHFODVL¿FDFLyQ\SULRUL]DFLyQGHORVELHQHVFXOWXUDOHVHQFRQWUDPRV XQDVXQWRGHSRGHUHVGHMHUDUTXtDVVRFLDOHV\UHJLRQDOHVGHLQWHUHVHVGHGLYHUVRV yUGHQHV(QODWUDVWLHQGDGHODVGLVSXWDVSRUODVFDWHJRUtDVSRUORVJpQHURVSRUOD SUHIHUHQFLDGHORWUDGLFLRQDORORPHGLiWLFRPDVLYRHVWiVLHPSUHHODVXQWRGHODV YHQWDMDVGHODVWHQVLRQHVSROtWLFRHFRQyPLFDV\GHEHPRVSUHJXQWDUQRVHQHVWHFDVR VLODVP~VLFDVVRQLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DGDVSDUDODGRPLQDFLyQODKHJHPRQtD\ODDOLH QDFLyQRVLVRQKHUUDPLHQWDVFRQWHVWDWDULDVGHUHVLVWHQFLDGHUHEHOGtDRVLSXHGHQ VHUYLUDPEDVIXQFLRQHV%DXPDQ;9,;9,,

(O³SXHEOR´ORSRSXODUKDVLGRHVFHQDULRGHGXUDVGLVSXWDVFRPRFRQFHSWR SODQWHD0DUWtQ%DUEHURHVWDUtDWHQVLRQDGRSRUODDFHSFLyQYDOLGDGRUDGHODSROtWLFD ²GHPRFUDFLDHQHOFDVRGHORVLOXVWUDGRV²\SRUHOFRQFHSWRGH³FXOWXUD´DQFOD GRDODWUDGLFLyQSDUDORVURPiQWLFRV3DUDORVLOXVWUDGRVHOSXHEORFRPRWHRUtD YDOLGDODKHJHPRQtDIXHUDGHVXLGHDDEVWUDFWDQRHVRWUDFRVDTXHODLQPHGLDWH]GH ODQHFHVLGDGFRUSRUDOGHORVLQVWLQWRVHOVXMHWRGHOD¿ODQWURStDHVHOSRORRSXHVWR GHODUD]yQTXHSURFODPDQ(QODWUDQVLFLyQGHORSROtWLFRKDFLDORHFRQyPLFRHQ VXVSDODEUDV

>«@VHKDUiHYLGHQWHHOGLVSRVLWLYRFHQWUDOGHLQFOXVLyQDEVWUDFWD\H[FOXVLyQFRQFUHWD HVGHFLUODOHJLWLPDFLyQGHODVGLIHUHQFLDVVRFLDOHV/DLQYRFDFLyQDOSXHEOROHJLWLPDHO SRGHUGHODEXUJXHVtDHQODPHGLGDH[DFWDHQTXHHVDLQYRFDFLyQarticulaVXH[FOXVLyQGH

ODFXOWXUD<HVHQHVHPRYLPLHQWRTXHVHJHVWDQODVFDWHJRUtDVGHORFXOWR\ORSRSXODU 0DUWtQ%DUEHUR

(4)

'HQWURGHHVWDVHVWUXFWXUDVFODVL¿FDWRULDVVHKDFHHYLGHQWHHOVLVWHPDGHYDORUHV FXOWXUDOHVGRQGHSRUXQODGRHQFRQWUDPRVODVDOWDPHQWHYDORUDGDVIRUPDVGHODV EHOODVDUWHVGHOD³DOWDFXOWXUD´\SRUHORWURORVSURGXFWRVSRSXODUHVGHOYXOJRGH ODV³FODVHVEDMDV´

7HQLHQGRODDQWHULRUGLVFXVLyQFRPRPDUFRGHUHIHUHQFLDHVWHDUWtFXORSURSRQH XQUHFRUULGRSRUODKLVWRULD\HOGHVDUUROORGHOFRQFHSWRGHIROFORUGHYHODQGRVXV LQWHUHVHV\VXFRQWUDSRVLFLyQIXQGDPHQWDO3RVWHULRUPHQWHVHYLQFXODHVWDUHÀH[LyQ FRQODTXHIXHUDODP~VLFDWUDGLFLRQDOFRORPELDQDSRUDQWRQRPDVLDHOEDPEXFRVH UHYLVDVXGHVDUUROOR\VHFLHUUDFRQUHÀH[LRQHVHQUHODFLyQFRQVXVWUDQVIRUPDFLR QHV\ORTXHLPSOLFDQHQXQJpQHURVREUHHOTXHVHKDFRQVWUXLGRKLVWyULFDPHQWHOD

identidad nacional.

3RVWHULRUPHQWHVHSUHVHQWDHO3ODQ1DFLRQDOGH0~VLFDVSDUDOD&RQYLYHQFLD EXVFDQGRHVWDEOHFHUFyPRODP~VLFD\VXVDVRFLDFLRQHVFRQODVFDWHJRUtDVDQWH ULRUPHQWHHYLGHQFLDGDVHVSDVWRGHO(VWDGR\ODVLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DFLRQHVTXHOHVRQ FRQYHQLHQWHV6HUHYLVDDFRQWLQXDFLyQOD³*UDQ)LHVWD1DFLRQDO´FRPRXQULWXDO FDUJDGRGHVLPEROLVPRVGRQGHVHFRQVWUX\yXQDLGHDGHODFRORPELDQLGDG\TXH VLUYHGHLJXDOPDQHUDDLQWHUHVHVSROtWLFRV\HFRQyPLFRV3DUDFHUUDUEXVFDQGRTXH ODVHUSLHQWHPXHUGDVXFRODVHUHYLVDODFDWHJRUtDGHSDWULPRQLR\VHH[SRQHFyPR VXVIXQGDPHQWRVQRVRQGLIHUHQWHVDORVGHOIROFORU\HOFRQFHSWRQRKDKHFKRPXFKR PiVTXHUHPSOD]DUXQDFDWHJRUtDHURVLRQDGD(QODVFRQFOXVLRQHVVHSURSRQHOD GHVHVWLPDFLyQGHODSHUFHSFLyQREMHWLYDGDGHOSDWULPRQLR\ODLPSOHPHQWDFLyQGH XQDYLVLyQFRPXQLFDWLYDGHOPLVPR

El folclor y el tradicionalismo como fortines del Estado. La cultura contraponiéndose a la civilización

1RVHSXHGHKDFHUPD\RUGDxRDXQDQDFLyQTXHGHVSRMiQGRODGHVXFDUiFWHUQDFLRQDO GHORTXHWLHQHGHSURSLRHQVXHVStULWX\VXOHQJXD>«@ORVUHVWRVGHWRGRHOSHQVDPLHQWR

nacional vivo corren en caída acelerada hacia el abismo del olvido.

-RKDQQ*RWWIULHGYRQ+HUGHU

(5)

/RVSHQVDGRUHVIUDQFHVHVFRPSUHQGHQTXHODKXPDQLGDGWXYRXQDWUDQVLFLyQ GHXQHVWDGRGH³QDWXUDOH]D´KDFLDXQRGH³FLYLOL]DFLyQ´LOXVWUDGDFX\DVGLIHUHQFLDV VHH[SOLFDQHQXQDJUDGDFLyQGH³SURJUHVR´PRUDORLQWHOHFWXDOGHORVGLIHUHQWHV JUXSRVKXPDQRV,QLFLDURQUHÀH[LRQHVKR\FHQWUDOHVGHQWURGHODDQWURSRORJtD\ODV FLHQFLDVVRFLDOHVHQJHQHUDOEXVFDQGRH[SOLFDFLRQHVOH\HVSDUDODVGLIHUHQFLDV \VHPHMDQ]DVHQORKXPDQR\JHQHUDQGRXQFOLPDGHUHODWLYDWROHUDQFLDKDFLDOD DOWHULGDGDVtEULQGDURQXQRGHORVPiVJUDQGHVDSRUWHVHQODKLVWRULDODLGHDGH ODLJXDOGDGGHWRGRVORVVHUHVKXPDQRV\FRPRFRQVHFXHQFLDVXSRVLFLRQDPLHQWR GHVXMHWRVFRQGHUHFKRV

(VWHPDUFRH[SOLFDWLYRGHVGHODLGHDGHO³XVRGHODUD]yQ´GHOLQWHOHFWRFRPR HMHGHODFRVPRYLVLyQGHVSOD]DQGRDODUHOLJLyQYLHQHDFRPSDxDGRGHORVPX\ PRGHUQRVFRQFHSWRVGHµHYROXFLyQ¶µSURJUHVR¶\µGHVDUUROOR¶$SDUHFHHOµUDFLRQD OLVPR¶ODPHQWH\VXVSURGXFWRVFRPRFDEH]DGHSLUiPLGHGHXQDSURJUHVLyQTXHYD GHVGHODVXSHUVWLFLyQ\HOPLWRXELFDGRVHQODEDVH6LJXLHQGRHVWHRUGHQOyJLFRODV UHYROXFLRQHVLQKHUHQWHVDOFLVPDGHODDQWHULRUFRVPRYLVLyQFRQGXFLUtDQDODUD]yQ FRPRIXQGDQWHGHOHVWDGR\HQODRUJDQL]DFLyQSROtWLFDVREUHODLGHDGHSDFWRVRFLDO 6HHVWDEOHFHDODFLHQFLDFRPRODLQVWLWXFLyQYiOLGDSDUDHOFRQRFLPLHQWRGHOPXQGR \VXVIHQyPHQRVHVWRHVODFRPSUHQVLyQGHOPXQGRYtDHODFFHVRD³ODYHUGDG´\OD IRUPXODFLyQGHOH\HVH[SOLFDWLYDVTXHODHYLGHQFLHQ

/RVWUHVSiUUDIRVDQWHULRUHVUHVXPLUtDQGHIRUPDEXUGDXQDWUDQVIRUPDFLyQ UDGLFDO\GH¿QLWLYDGHODFRPSUHQVLyQGHOPXQGRDIHFWDQGRODWRWDOLGDGGHORViP ELWRVGHORKXPDQR\VXVLQVWLWXFLRQHVHQHOSODQHWD\VLQH[FHSFLRQHV(VDSHQDV OyJLFRTXHHVWHQXHYRPXQGRSURGXFWRGHODVUHÀH[LRQHVGHORVLOXVWUDGRVIUDQFHVHV HQFRQWUDUDUHVLVWHQFLDVGHGLYHUVRVyUGHQHV\HQP~OWLSOHVFDPSRV/D,OXVWUDFLyQ HOUDVHURXQLYHUVDOGHUD]yQVXYHUGDG~QLFD\VXFLHQWL¿FLVPRFUHyWHQVLRQHVHQ WRGRHOPXQGRODPRGHUQLGDG\HOFDSLWDOLVPRTXHOHGHULYDKHFKRVDODPHGLGD GH2FFLGHQWHHUDQFDPLVDVGHIXHU]DSDUDHOUHVWR1RVGLFH0DUWtQ%DUEHUR³HO 5RPDQWLFLVPRHVUHDFFLyQSHURQRQHFHVDULDPHQWHUHDFFLRQDULD5HDFFLyQGHGHV FRQWHQWR\IXJDIUHQWHDODVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHVEUXWDOHVGHODQDFLHQWHVRFLHGDGFDSLWD OLVWDHVWDPELpQUHDFFLyQGHOXFLGH]\FUtWLFDIUHQWHDOUDFLRQDOLVPRLOXVWUDGR\VX OHJLWLPDFLyQGHORV³QXHYRVKRUURUHV´0DUWtQ%DUEHUR

(6)

3HUR9LFRQRHVHO~QLFRSHQVDGRU³FRQWUDLOXVWUDGR´XQDGHODVUHVSXHVWDV PiVIXHUWHV\GHPD\RUWUDVFHQGHQFLDDOLOXPLQLVPRIUDQFpVSURYLHQHGH$OHPDQLD VXHWHUQDDQWDJRQLVWD1RUEHUW(OtDVSODQWHDTXHHOFRQFHSWRGHFLYLOL]DFLyQQRIXH LJXDO\QRVLJQL¿FyORPLVPRHQORVGLIHUHQWHVSDtVHVRFFLGHQWDOHVHVSHFLDOPHQWH IXHGLIHUHQWHHOFRQFHSWRIUDQFpVHLQJOpVGHODOHPiQ3DUDORVSULPHURVFLYLOL]DFLyQ HVWiDVRFLDGDDORUJXOORGHULYDGRGHOSDSHOFHQWUDOTXHGHVHPSHxDODQDFLyQHQHO SURJUHVRGH2FFLGHQWH\GHODKXPDQLGDGPLHQWUDVTXHSDUDHOVHJXQGRVLJQL¿FD DOJRGHDOWDXWLOLGDGSHURSRVHHGRUGHXQYDORUGHVHJXQGRJUDGRHVDOJRTXHDIHFWD VRORODVXSHU¿FLHODH[WHULRULGDGGHOVHUKXPDQRODSDODEUDTXHVLJQL¿FDODFRQWUL EXFLyQSURSLD\FRQODFXDOVHH[SUHVDHORUJXOORGHODSURSLDHVHQFLDHV³FXOWXUD´ (OtDV

(VWRQRVOOHYDDHQFRQWUDUXQD,OXVWUDFLyQDOHPDQDIXHUWHPHQWHLQWHUHVDGDHQ YROFDUVHDORSRSXODUDOkultur,HOFXDOSUHVHQWDXQpQIDVLVHQHOFDPSHVLQDGRVH RSRQHDOHMHUFLFLRGHODUD]yQ\FRORFDHQHOFHQWURGHORVYDORUHVODLPDJLQDFLyQ YROXQWDGHLGHQWLGDGGHOHVStULWXGHOSXHEORRGHODOPDFROHFWLYD(QHVWHFRQWH[WR VHHQFXHQWUDLQVFULWRXQSHQVDGRUFRPR+HUGHU

+HUGHUHVXQLQWHOHFWXDOIXQGDPHQWDOHQODKLVWRULDGHODVLGHDV\DTXHDpOVH OHFRQVLGHUDHOSDGUHGHOQDFLRQDOLVPR\HOKLVWRULFLVPRHVXQRGHORVPiVUHSUHVHQ WDWLYRVSHQVDGRUHVGHODUHDFFLyQURPiQWLFDHQFRQWUDGHOUDFLRQDOLVPR\ODIHHQOD RPQLSRWHQFLDGHOPpWRGRFLHQWt¿FR\ODFRQVHFXHQWHYLVLyQXQL¿FDGRUDGHOPXQGR (QVXYLVLyQ3HOFRPSDUWLUODPLVPDOHQJXDODPLVPDWUDGLFLyQHVODSLHGUDDQJXODU

SDUDODLGHQWLGDGGHODVSHUVRQDVODLGHDGHVXFRQGLFLyQ~QLFDFRPRHQWHVVHSDUD GRVTXHORJUDQDVtFRKHVLyQVRFLDO/DLGHDGHOD³LGHQWLGDGGHOSXHEOR´²Volk—, FRQVWLWXLGD\WUDQVPLWLGDSULQFLSDOPHQWHYtDOHQJXDMHSHUPLWHPDQWHQHUXQKLOR FRQGXFWRUHQWUHODVGLYHUVDVJHQHUDFLRQHVHVHOLQVWUXPHQWRGHFXOWLYRSURJUHVLYRGH ODVIDFXOWDGHVTXH+HUGHUHQWHQGLyFRPR³FXOWXUD´\TXHHQFXHQWUDVXVH[SUHVLRQHV PiVVXEOLPHVHQODSRHVtD\FDQFLRQHVWUDGLFLRQDOHV²folk— %DXPDQ

$FiHVIXQGDPHQWDOHQWHQGHUTXHORVSHQVDGRUHVDOHPDQHVGHODpSRFDWHQtDQXQDWDUHDIUHQWHD HOORVHQXQSDtVTXHQRWXYRODUHYROXFLyQEXUJXHVDTXHVtH[SHULPHQWyVXYHFLQR\HQXQDXQLGDG SROtWLFDTXHQRVHORJUDEDFRQVROLGDU³XQDQDFLyQDWRPL]DGDHQPiVGHPLOWHUULWRULRVHQVLWXDFLRQHV GLIHUHQWHVGHVREHUDQtD\DXWRQRPtDSROtWLFD(VWDEDSREODGDSRUPLOORQHVGHFDPSHVLQRVTXH KDEODEDQGLYHUVRVGLDOHFWRVGHODOHPiQYXOJDU\TXHHUDQJREHUQDGDVSRUJUXSRVDULVWRFUiWLFRV TXHGHVGHxDEDQVXOHQJXD\SUHIHUtDQXVDUHOIUDQFpV´3DOHUP

(7)

+HUGHUGHIHQGtDTXHFDGDFXOWXUDWHQtDXQDDSRUWDFLyQ~QLFDTXHUHDOL]DUDOGHVD UUROORGHODKXPDQLGDGDGLFLRQDOPHQWHTXHFDGDXQRGHHVWRVDSRUWHVQRGHEtDHQWUDU HQFRQÀLFWRFRQORVGHPiV\VXREMHWLYRGHEtDVHUFRQVWUXLUXQDDUPRQtDXQLYHUVDO HQWUHQDFLRQHVHLQVWLWXFLRQHV(VWDSRVWXUDKDFLDODFRPSUHQVLyQGHODFRPSOHMLGDG FXOWXUDOIXHORTXHFRQVWLWX\yHOQ~FOHREiVLFRGHOPRYLPLHQWRURPiQWLFRWDQWRHQ HODUWHFRPRHQOD¿ORVRItD(OURPDQWLFLVPRORJUyURPSHUFRQXQDYLVLyQGHOPXQGR GRQGHODYHUGDGHVXQDHQWRGRVORVOXJDUHV\HOHUURUHVWiSRUGRTXLHUGRQGHVHLGHD OL]DXQDDUPRQtDWRWDOXQLIRUPL]DQWH\HQFRQVHFXHQFLDODVGLIHUHQFLDVGHRSLQLyQ RGHSXQWRVGHYLVWDLQVXSHUDEOHVHQDSDULHQFLDQRVRQPiVTXHXQVtQWRPDGHOD LQFRKHUHQFLDTXHVHSUHVHQWDGHELGRDODLJQRUDQFLDDOYLFLRRDOHUURU%HUOLQ

6XYLVLyQGHULYyHQODFRPSUHQVLyQGHOIROFORU4FRPRXQDE~VTXHGDQRVWiOJLFD

GHODVUDtFHVFXOWXUDOHVGHOSXHEORGHODVDUWHVDQtDVGHORVUHQDFLPLHQWRVPXVLFDOHV TXHEXVFDEDQXQDDXWpQWLFDLGHQWLGDGQDFLRQDO¿HODOHVStULWX\DODKLVWRULDGHVX SXHEOR(VWRVHOHPHQWRVSURYHHUtDQXQDFRQWLQXLGDGWHPSRUDOGRQGHHODQFODMHODUDt] HVWiHQHOSDVDGRSHURTXHVHSUR\HFWDKDFLDHOSUHVHQWH'HLJXDOPDQHUDHOIROFORU KDFHpQIDVLVHQODLGHDGHORFROHFWLYRGHODSURSLHGDGFRPXQDOHQHOGHVHVWLPR GHOLQGLYLGXDOLVPRTXHSHUPLWHODWUDQVPLVLyQLQWHUJHQHUDFLRQDOODFRQWLQXLGDG HOPDQWHQLPLHQWRGHODDXWRULGDGWUDGLFLRQDOGHQWURGHXQDFRPXQLGDGDOPLVPR WLHPSRTXHXQDLGHDGHKRPRJHQHLGDGGHLGHQWLGDGGHORVJUXSRVHLQGLYLGXRV %DXPDQ

8QDQWLFXDULRLQJOpV:LOOLDP-RKQ7KRPVHQDFXxyHOWpUPLQRfolk-lore FRPRHOWtWXORSDUDXQDFROXPQDHQXQDSXEOLFDFLyQVHULDGD\VXRULJHQHVWiDVRFLDGRD ODWUDGXFFLyQGHOWpUPLQRDOHPiQVolkskunde. (OSURIXQGRLQWHUpVHQHOIROFORUGXUDQWH HOVLJOR;,;HVSDUWHGHOHVIXHU]RLQWHOHFWXDOSRUFRPSUHQGHUORVSURIXQGRVFDPELRV

TXHUHSUHVHQWyODOOHJDGDGHODPRGHUQLGDG3URGXFWRGHHVWDWHQVLyQELQDULDQRV TXHGDODFRQFHSFLyQGHIROFORUFRPRLQJHQXLGDGVXSHUVWLFLyQIDOVHGDGDQDFURQtD FRQWUDSXHVWDDOLPSXOVR\OX]GHUDFLRQDOLVPRFLHQWt¿FR\ODFLYLOL]DFLyQPRGHUQD

3DUD*DUFtDORVSULPHURVIROFORULVWDVYHtDQFRQDQJXVWLD\QRVWDOJLDFyPRORV OLEURV\ORVGLDULRVOHVJDQDEDQWHUUHQR\GHVSOD]DEDQDODRUDOLGDG\DODVWUDGLFLRQHV TXHVHUHODFLRQDEDQFRQORSRSXODU\OXFKDURQSRUUHVFDWDUODVYtDODFROHFFLyQ\VX H[SRVLFLyQHQORVPXVHRV³8QDQRFLyQFODYHSDUDH[SOLFDUODVWiFWLFDVPHWRGROyJLFDV GHORVIRONORULVWDV\VXIUDFDVRWHyULFRHVHOGHVXSHUYLYHQFLD/DSUHWHQVLyQGHORV REMHWRV\FRVWXPEUHVSRSXODUHVFRPRUHVWRVGHXQDHVWUXFWXUDVRFLDOTXHVHDSDJD HVODMXVWL¿FDFLyQOyJLFDGHVXDQiOLVLVGHVFRQWH[WXDOL]DGR´5*DUFtD

/DLGHDGHORIRONQRVODSUHVHQWyHOIDPRVRDQWURSyORJRHVWDGRXQLGHQVH5REHUW5HG¿HOGHWDO TXLHQQRVGLFH³SRGHPRVFDUDFWHUL]DUODVRFLHGDG©IRONªFRPRXQDVRFLHGDGSHTXHxD DLVODGDDQDOIDEHWD\KRPRJpQHDFRQXQJUDQVHQWLGRGHVROLGDULGDGGHJUXSR´$VtHWLTXHWDQ FRQHOWpUPLQRDORVFDPSHVLQRVSXHEOHULQRVFRPXQLGDGHVSUHPRGHUQDV³VDOYDMHV´³pWQLFDV´ HQJHQHUDOWRGRORTXHVHHQFXHQWUHHQFRQWUDSRVLFLyQFRQORPRGHUQR

(8)

3ODQWHD*DUFtDTXHORVURPiQWLFRVVHXELFDQSDUDOHODPHQWHDORVLOXVWUDGRV²HQVX FHJXHUD²HQHOPRPHQWRHQTXHHVWDEOHFHQTXHHODOPDGHORSRSXODUVHHQFXHQWUD UHODFLRQDGRFRQORUXUDO\FRQHOSDVDGRQHJDQGRODVWUDQVIRUPDFLRQHVTXHYHQGUtDQ GHODPRGHUQLGDGFRQHOQXHYRHVFHQDULRHFRQyPLFRGHORLQGXVWULDO\ORHVSDFLDOGH ORXUEDQRUHVXPHTXH³HOSXHEORHV©UHVFDWDGRªSHURQRFRQRFLGR´

8QRGHORVSUREOHPDVFRQODGLVFLSOLQDIROFORULVWDVHHQFRQWUyHQODYLVLyQGH FDPSHVLQRVHLQGtJHQDVFRPRJUXSRVDLVODGRVDXWRVX¿FLHQWHVFRQWHFQRORJtDV\ VLVWHPDVRUJDQL]DWLYRVVLPSOHVFRQJUDQpQIDVLVHQODRUDOLGDGODVRFLHGDGIRONGH 55HG¿HOGORTXHVHUtDVXVDOYDFLyQIUHQWHDODPRGHUQLGDG²\DVXYH]VXSHUGL FLyQ²\DTXHLQWHUHVDQHQVXVPDWHULDOLGDGHVSHURQRFRPRFRPXQLGDGYLYDVLQR HQVXV³SURGXFWRV´(QHVWHRUGHQGHLGHDVHOIROFORUVHYXHOYHPDWHULDGHPXVHRV HVFXHODVIHVWLYDOHV\FRQFXUVRVPDWHULDOSDUDOHJLVODU\SURWHJHU\VHVDWDQL]DQORV PHGLRVPDVLYRV\ORVFDPELRVTXHDWHQWDQFRQWUDHOORV*DUFtD

1RVGLFH0DUWtQ%DUEHUR³folk WHQGHUtDDVLJQL¿FDUDQWHWRGRODSUHVHQFLD DFRVDQWH\DPELJXDGHODWUDGLFLyQHQODPRGHUQLGDGvolk VLJQL¿FDUtDEiVLFDPHQWHOD PDWUL]WHO~ULFDGHODXQLGDGQDFLRQDO³SHUGLGD´\SRUORJUDU>«@VLW~DHQHOSDVDGR ODYHUGDGGHOSUHVHQWHGHXQUDFLVPRQDFLRQDOLVPRWHO~ULFRHQVXQHJDFLyQGHOD KLVWRULD´0DUWtQ%DUEHUR(QHVHDIiQGH³UHVFDWH´URPiQWLFRVHHQFXHQWUD XQODGRRVFXURDOEXVFDUSRVHHUHOIROFORUORUHGXFHQ\OHTXLWDQVXUHDOYDORUOD RULJLQDOLGDGODDXWRQRPtDIUHQWHDORKHJHPyQLFRVXFDSDFLGDGGHHYROXFLyQ'H HVWDPDQHUDORTXHHVQHJDGR³HVHOSURFHVRKLVWyULFRGHIRUPDFLyQGHORSRSXODU\ HOVHQWLGRVRFLDOGHODVGLIHUHQFLDVFXOWXUDOHVODH[FOXVLyQODFRPSOLFLGDGODGRPL QDFLyQ\ODLPSXJQDFLyQ<DOTXHGDUVLQVHQWLGRKLVWyULFRORUHVFDWDGRDFDEDVLHQGR XQDFXOWXUDTXHQRSXHGHPLUDUVLQRKDFLDHOSDVDGRFXOWXUDSDWULPRQLRIRONORUHGH DUFKLYRRGHPXVHR´0DUWtQ%DUEHUR

(9)

1RVPXHVWUD0LxDQDTXHHVWHDIiQOOHYyDODiYLGDSXEOLFDFLyQGHWUDEDMRV GH³WRGDXQDYLGD´TXHQRWXYLHURQPD\RULQYHVWLJDFLyQGHFDPSR\XVDEDQFRPR ³VLHPSUHFLHUWDV´IXHQWHVGHVHJXQGD\WHUFHUDPDQRHQWUHRWURVQXPHURVRVHUURUHV\ RPLVLRQHVLQH[FXVDEOHVGHVGHODSHUVSHFWLYDFRQWHPSRUiQHD$SHVDUGHHVWRIXHURQ \FRQWLQ~DQVLpQGRORSLHGUDDQJXODUGHOLPDJLQDULRGHODP~VLFDIROFOyULFDGHOSDtV\ GHQXHVWUD³FXOWXUD´VRQSUXHEDGHODULTXH]DGHOD³FXOWXUDSRSXODUFRORPELDQD WUDGLFLRQDO´3HUR0LxDQDQRVGLFHPiVPXFKRVGHORVSRVWHULRUHVLQYHVWLJDGRUHVGH HVWDP~VLFDIXHURQLPSXOVDGRVSRUHVWRVWUDEDMRV6HUiQXVDGDVHVWDVLQYHVWLJDFLR QHVFDQRQL]DQGRVXVHVWiWLFDV\ERUURQHDGDVGHVFULSFLRQHVHQVLQItQGHIHVWLYDOHV\ FRQFXUVRVIROFOyULFRVTXHOXHJRORVQXHYRVIROFORULVWDVLUtDQDJUDEDUHQFDVHWHV\D IRWRJUD¿DUSDUDVDOYDJXDUGDUORTXHVHSHUGtDFRPRDJXDHQWUHPDQRV(QSDODEUDV GH0LxDQD

³ODP~VLFDYLYD\ODVH[SUHVLRQHVSRSXODUHVVHUHJODPHQWDURQDSDUWLUGHLQYHVWLJDFLR QHVPX\GH¿FLHQWHV\TXHQRGDEDQFXHQWDGHODFRPSOHMLGDG\GHORVSURFHVRVGHOD P~VLFDSRSXODUWUDGLFLRQDOHQHOSDtV>«@(VWRJHQHUyXQSURFHVRGHXQLIRUPL]DFLyQ >«@VDWDQL]DQGRVXFUHDWLYLGDG\FRQGHQDQGR\QHJDQGRVXGLYHUVLGDG\GLQDPLVPR´ 0LxDQD

6REUHORSRSXODU\HQHOVLJORxx¿QDOPHQWHVHXQHQLOXVWUDGRV\URPiQWLFRV

(OIROFORUDWHVRUDGRVDOYDJXDUGDGRPXVHL¿FDGRUHSUHVHQWDXQSXHEORVLQUHFXHUGR GHORVFRQÀLFWRVSRUSRGHUTXHORXELFDURQHQHVWDSRVLFLyQHVXQSXHEORDEVWUDFWR SULPLWLYRXQPHQRUGHHGDGTXHGHEHSURWHJHUVHGHVtPLVPRLQFDSD]GHOLEUH DOEHGUtR3XHEORTXHVHPDQWLHQHLQPyYLOGHELGRDXQDWHQD]DOHMRVGHORVSHOLJURV GHODVPXFKHGXPEUHVDPRWLQDGDV²WHPRUGHEXUJXHVtDV²3RUDUULEDDSULHWDHO (VWDGRTXLHQGHVYDQHFHWRGDVODVGLIHUHQFLDVFRQVXDSODQDGRUDFXOWXUDOEXVFDQGR WHUUHQR\HUPRSDUDFXOWLYDU\PDQWHQHUVXSRGHUGHVGHDEDMRDWDMDHOFRQFHSWRGH QDFLyQTXHQRSHUPLWHTXHVHDUURMHOX]VREUHODVGHVLJXDOGDGHVVRFLDOHV\DTXHXQH SRGHURVDPHQWH³FRQOD]RVQDWXUDOHVGHWLHUUD\VDQJUH´0DUWtQ%DUEHUR

El bambuco. Los sentires melancólicos andinos como representantes de la nación

£$\TXHRUJXOORVRPHVLHQWRGHKDEHUQDFLGRHQPLSXHEOR$PtWyTXHPHXQ EDPEXFRGHHVRVTXHOOHJDQDODOPDFDQWRVTXH\DPHDOHJUDEDQFXDQGRDSHQDV GHFtDPDPD/RGHPiVVHUiERQLWRSHURHOFRUD]yQQRVDOWDFRPRFXDQGRDPtPH FDQWDQXQDFDQFLyQFRORPELDQD

Soy colombiano²5DIDHO*RGR\²

(10)

UHVLJQL¿FDFLyQSDUDSDVDUDVHUODP~VLFDQDFLRQDO\WHUPLQDUVLHQGRDVRFLDGDFRQ ORVLPDJLQDULRV³LGHDOL]DQWHV´GHO(VWDGRQDFLyQ

/DVUHIHUHQFLDVPiVDQWLJXDVDOEDPEXFRODVHQFXHQWUDHOHWQRPXVLFyORJR &DUORV0LxDQDHQ&DXFDHQXQD]RQDTXHFROLQGDFRQORVGHSDUWDPHQWRVGH+XLOD \7ROLPDHQWUHFRPXQLGDGHVLQGtJHQDVDSULQFLSLRVGHOVLJOR;,;3ODQWHDTXHHVWH

VHUtDVXHSLFHQWURGHVGHGRQGHVHH[SDQGLyWDQWRDOQRUWHKDVWDOOHJDULQFOXVRDOD FRVWD&DULEHFRPRKDFLDHOVXUKDVWDVHULQWHUSUHWDGRHQORTXHKR\VHUtDWHUULWRULR HFXDWRULDQR\SHUXDQR

'HLJXDOPDQHUDVHxDODTXHGXUDQWHODJXHUUDGHLQGHSHQGHQFLDHOHMpUFLWRGH 6LPyQ%ROtYDUGLVIUXWDED\FHOHEUDEDEDMRHOULWPRGHODVFRQWUDGDQ]DVLQJOHVDV VLHQGRQDWXUDO\DTXHHVWRVHUDQORVDOLDGRVGHORVFULROORVVLQHPEDUJRFRPRHV DSHQDVOyJLFRODWURSDQHFHVLWDEDGHXQDP~VLFDFRQXQVDERUQR³EODQFR´QRHXURSHR \VREUHWRGRQRHVSDxROFRQIXHU]DUtWPLFD\PHOyGLFDSDUDHQDUGHFHUGXUDQWHOD EDWDOOD$GLFLRQDOPHQWHGHEHUtDHVWDUDVRFLDGDDODFODVHSRSXODUSRVHHUXQVDERU ³FULROOR´\TXHQRLQWHUSHODUDH[FOXVLYDPHQWHDORVLQGtJHQDV\DORVDIURGHVFHQGLHQWHV /DP~VLFDTXHORJUyFXPSOLUHVWHJUDQQ~PHURGHH[LJHQFLDVIXHHOEDPEXFR 6LQHPEDUJRSDUDORJUDUVXWUiQVLWRHLQVFULSFLyQHQODLGHQWLGDGQDFLRQDO QHFHVLWySDVDUSRUXQSURFHVRGH³HXJHQHVLD´(VWHSURFHVR\VXSURJUHVLYDDGRS FLyQQDFLRQDOGXUDQWHHOVLJOR;,;HVGHVDUUROODGRSRU0DUWtQH]TXLHQSODQWHDTXH

HOEDPEXFRVHFRQYLHUWHHQXQJpQHUR6HQHOSURFHVRGHWUiQVLWRGHP~VLFDUHODWL

YDPHQWHORFDO\DQyQLPDKDVWDFXDQGRHVFRRSWDGRSRUHOSUR\HFWRFHQWUDOLVWDGH (VWDGRQDFLyQ(VWHVHPDWHULDOL]DHQOD&RQVWLWXFLyQGHGRQGHVHGH¿QHXQ GHUURWHURSDUD&RORPELD\TXHVHPDQWLHQHYLJHQWHPiVGHXQVLJORKDVWDFXDQGR LQWHQWDPRVUHSHQVDUQRVHQ7

(ODXWRUQRVGLFHTXHODSLHGUDDQJXODUHVFRORFDGDSRUXQDpOLWHOHWUDGDXUEDQD DQGLQDHXUy¿ODVREUHXQPHVWL]DMHEODQTXHDGRGRQGHHOPRGHORSUR\HFWDGRHVHO GHOFLXGDGDQRUDFLRQDOFRQJUDQPHVXUD\³FLYLOLGDG´TXHQRGHMDOOHYDUVHSRUODV HPRFLRQHVFXOWLYDQGRHOHVStULWX\HOFRQRFLPLHQWR6HGH¿QHTXHVHUiHOFDWROL FLVPRTXLHQHVWDEOH]FDORVSULQFLSLRVSROtWLFRVUHOLJLRVRV\HGXFDWLYRVJHQHUDQGR ODFROXPQDYHUWHEUDOGDQGRFRKHVLyQVRFLDODOSDtV³6HSDVDGHODVRFLHGDGGH FDVWDVDODVRFLHGDGGHFODVHV´ORVLGHDOHVFLYLOL]DWRULRVGHOVLJOR;,;VRQWUDEDMD

GRVEXVFDQGRODGLUHFFLyQGHXQDPLQRUtD\XQDYDQJXDUGLD³LOXVWUDGD´TXHWLHQHOD REOLJDFLyQPRUDOGHGLULJLUDOSDtV\FXLGDUORGHOGHVDVWUH\DWUDVRDOTXHOROOHYDUtD ODJUDQPD\RUtDGHOSXHEOR0DUWtQH]&RPRYHPRVHQHVWHPRPHQWROD EDODQ]DVHLQFOLQDGHOODGRGHORVLOXVWUDGRVSHUGLHQGRSHVRORVURPiQWLFRV

7pUPLQRTXHKDFHUHIHUHQFLDDGLYHUVDVVRQRULGDGHVDVRFLDGDVSRUHOFDPSRVRFLROyJLFRGHORV SURGXFWRUHV\ODVFRPXQLGDGHVGHHVFXFKD\EDLOH

(11)

/DVRQRULGDGGHOEDPEXFRGHEHWUDQVIRUPDUVHHQFRQVHFXHQFLDFRQORVLGHDOHV GHVXVLPSXOVRUHVEXVFDQGRDVFHQGHUGHODEDVHDODSXQWDGHODSLUiPLGHVRFLDO GHEHVROWDUHOSHVR\ODVWUHGHORVHOHPHQWRVFODUDPHQWHDIURGHVFHQGLHQWHVHLQGtJH QDV3DUD0DUWtQH]ODVDOLGDGHODVSHUFXVLRQHVODVÀDXWDVQRWHPSHUDGDV\ODV HVWUXFWXUDVIRUPDOHVOLEUHVGDQSDVRDHOHPHQWRVGHODP~VLFDGHVDOyQ/DRUDOLGDG HVUHPSOD]DGDSRUODHVFULWXUDSDUDSLDQR\VHYDJDQDQGRXQHVSDFLRMXQWRDODV P~VLFDVHXURSHDVHQODVVDODVGHFRQFLHUWRV6LQHPEDUJRQRWRGRFDPELDWDQUiSL GRGHPDQHUDSDUDOHODVHPDQWXYRODRWUDLQWHUSUHWDFLyQPiVSRSXODUDPDQRVGH P~VLFRVQR³IRUPDOHV´HQODVFLXGDGHV\ODVSURYLQFLDV

(OHVSDFLRGHVGHGRQGHVHYDOLGDHOEDPEXFRULWXDOPHQWHFRPRUHSUHVHQWDQWH GHODQDFLRQDOLGDGHVHO)HVWLYDOGHO0RQR1~xH]UHDOL]DGRHQ*LQHEUD9DOOHVH FUHDHQKRQRUDO0DHVWUR%HQLJQR³0RQR´1~xH]HQ3DUD&RERFRQ ORVDxRVHOIHVWLYDOKDLGRHVWDEOHFLHQGRXQRVSDUiPHWURVTXHH[FOX\HQORVSRORV GHORTXHVHGH¿QLyFRPRHOVRQLGRUHSUHVHQWDWLYRHQXQRGHHOORVTXHGDQODV DJUXSDFLRQHVPiVWUDGLFLRQDOHVTXHUHIHUtDPRVDQWHULRUPHQWHTXHPDQWLHQHQVXV DGVFULSFLRQHVpWQLFDV\SRSXODUHVHQXQJpQHUR³QRDSWRSDUDFRQVLGHUDFLRQHVGH LQWHUSUHWDFLyQDFDGpPLFDV>VLF@>D¿QDFLyQYLUWXRVLVPRLQVWUXPHQWDOWpFQLFDYRFDO GHSXUDGDSRHVtDHODERUDGDFDQyQLFDPHQWHHWF@VHOODPDUi©H[SUHVLRQHVDXWyF WRQDVª\VXperformanceRFXSDUiRWURHVFHQDULRDXPHQWDQGRODGLVWDQFLDVRFLDO FRQHVWDVP~VLFDVGHVGHXQDPLUDGDSDWHUQDOLVWD\FODVLVWDKHJHPyQLFD´'HHVWD VRQRULGDGDGLFLRQDOPHQWHVHHVSHUDXQperformance\DTXHVLJXLHQGRHMHUFLFLRVGH H[RWL]DFLyQGHODRWUHGDGDHVWHJpQHUROHFRUUHVSRQGHUHSUHVHQWDUOR³WUDGLFLRQDO´ ORFDPSHVLQRORLQGtJHQD$VtVRQVRPHWLGRVDLQHUFLDVIROFORULVWDV\VHHVSHUDTXH LQFOX\DQGDQ]DV³WtSLFDV´TXHUHPLWDQDODWLHUUDRDORDUWHVDQDO³DTXtHQWUDQSRU HMHPSORJUXSRVSDHFHVGHÀDXWDVJUXSRVGHFDUUDQJDGHJXDELQHURVGHEDPEXFR SDWLDQRGHFDUUDQJDJXDPELDQDHWF´&RER(QODDQWtSRGDHQFRQWUDUtD PRVODVSURSXHVWDVTXHEXVFDQKDFHUHOJpQHURFRQWHPSRUiQHR\TXHEHEHQGHOR DFDGpPLFR(VWRVVRQGHVHVWLPDGRVSRUVX³DEVWUDFFLyQVRQRUD\UXSWXUDVIRUPDOHV TXHLQFRPRGDQHOGLVIUXWHGHXQHVSHFWiFXORTXHGHEHFRQVHUYDUVHFRPHUFLDOPHQWH UHGLWXDEOHGHQWURGHOFXDOODHQWURStDVRVWHQLGDQRLQWHUHVDSDUDPDQWHQHUS~EOLFRV FDXWLYRV´&RER

(QUHODFLyQFRQHOWLSRGHVRQRULGDGTXHHQFXHQWUDHOWULXQIRHQHO0RQR1~xH] DSDUHFHVHJ~Q2FKRDTXHVRQDJUXSDFLRQHVLQVWUXPHQWDOHVYLYLGDVGHVGH ODHVFXFKD\GHPD\RULQÀXHQFLDHXURSHDODVYHUVLRQHVPiVKHGRQLVWDVEDLODEOHV \FRUSRUDOHVGHLQÀXHQFLDPiVFDPSHVLQDLQGtJHQDVRDIURVRQPLQXVYDORUDGDV

(12)

FDVRVSXHGHQDIHFWDUHOVWDWXTXRRDWHQWDQFRQWUDHOSDtVGHVHDGRXQSDtVHQSD] FXOWR\RUGHQDGRDSDUWDGRGHO³VDOYDMLVPR´OD³YXOJDULGDG´\OD³LJQRUDQFLD´$O HVWDEOHFHUVHXQDFLHUWDDVRFLDFLyQHQWUHHOIHVWLYDOODLGHQWLGDGQDFLRQDO\ORVYDORUHV VRFLDOHVKHJHPyQLFRVHOIHVWLYDODVXPHXQDSRVLFLyQGHKHUUDPLHQWDFXOWXUDOTXH SHUPLWHSURWHJHUFRQVHUYDUHOSDWULPRQLRFXOWXUDOGHOHVWDGRQDFLyQ$OFRKHVLRQDU \³VDOYDJXDUGDU´XQLPDJLQDULRGLVFULPLQD\QLHJDORVGHPiV&RER

6HJ~Q0LxDQDHOEDPEXFROOHYDLQKHUHQWHHQODVRQRULGDGXQDSDUDGRMD(V HVFRJLGRHQHOVLJOR;,;FRPRP~VLFD\EDLOHQDFLRQDOGDGRVXDPSOLRUDQJRFRPR

JpQHUR\FDSDFLGDGLQWHUSHODWRULDORJUDQGRFRPRVtPERORGHODLGHQWLGDGXQLUHO LQFLSLHQWHHVWDGRQDFLyQHQODWRWDOLGDGGHODVDGVFULSFLRQHVpWQLFDV\HQXQPX\ DPSOLRUDQJRJHRJUi¿FR$SHVDUGHHVWHGHPRFUiWLFRRULJHQGHPDQHUDWHPSUDQD HVFRRSWDGRSRUORVHMHUFLFLRVSROtWLFRVFHQWUDOLVWDV\SHUPHDGRSRUVXVLQHYLWDEOHV LGHRORJtDV\WHUPLQDERUURQHDQGRGLVFXUVLYDPHQWHORLQRFXOWDEOHVRQRUDPHQWHVXV RUtJHQHVSRSXODUHVpWQLFRV\VLHQGRVREUHGLPHQVLRQDGDVHLGHDOL]DGDVVXVFDUDFWH UtVWLFDVHXURSHDV0LxDQD

6XPDQGRDODQWHULRUSDQRUDPDODHQWUDGDGHORVPHGLRVPDVLYRVGHFRPX QLFDFLyQ2FKRDSODQWHDTXHHVWRVD\XGDURQDODSXQWDODPLHQWR\GLVSHUVLyQ GHOEDPEXFRSRUHOWHUULWRULRQDFLRQDOHQWUHODGpFDGDGHOYHLQWH\GHOFLQFXHQWDGHO VLJORXX6DEHPRVLQFOXVRTXHHOEDPEXFROOHJyKDVWDSDtVHVFRPR0p[LFRVLHQGR HQ<XFDWiQXQIHQyPHQRLPSRUWDQWHHQODYR]GH*XW\&iUGHQDV6LQHPEDUJR\DHQ ORVVHVHQWDORVPLVPRVPHGLRVWUDHQODVVRQRULGDGHVSURYHQLHQWHVGHO&DULEH\GHOD ULEHUDGHO0LVVLVVLSSLTXHFRPLHQ]DQDVHUFRQVXPLGRVFRQSURIXVLyQ(VWDVQXHYDV LQÀXHQFLDV\FRQVXPRVSRUSDUWHGHORVFRQQDFLRQDOHVJHQHUDQWHQVLRQHV\DQTXLOR VDPLHQWRVSDUDHOJpQHUR\VXVHVSDFLRVVLPEyOLFRV³EDOXDUWHVGHODQDFLRQDOLGDG´ FRPRHO)HVWLYDOGHO0RQR1~xH]$OHVWDEOHFHUVHFRQORVDxRVXQDVRQRULGDG ³FRUUHFWD´TXHUHSUHVHQWDORQDFLRQDOVHSLHUGHGXFWLOLGDG\DVtGHMDDORVQXHYRV P~VLFRVDQGLQRVFRORPELDQRVVLQJUDQGHVSRVLELOLGDGHVGHLQWHUSUHWDFLyQ\VLHQGR LPSXOVDGRVDUHDOL]DUDUTXHRORJtDPXVLFDO8QULWPRTXHRWURUDUHSUHVHQWDUDHO FXHUSR\OD¿HVWDSURJUHVLYDPHQWHVHYLRUHGXFLGRDUHSUHVHQWDUODPHODQFROtD\OR PDVFXOLQRDVRFLDGRDODDXWRSHUFHSFLyQGHO(VWDGRQDFLyQ

(13)

'HELGRDORDQWHULRUODDSDULFLyQGHVGHKDFHXQRVFXDWUROXVWURVGHDJUXSD FLRQHVTXHQRVHGHMDQOOHYDUSRUORVHVWHUHRWLSRVVRQRURVGHOestablishment del

IHVWLYDO\DFWXDOL]DQODVRQRULGDGRGHVDItDQODVEDUUHUDVGHFODVHRJpQHURGHVDWDQ XQDYHUGDGHUDKHFDWRPEHDODOPDGHOSDWULPRQLRQDFLRQDODORVRMRVGHORVSXULVWDV \IROFORUyORJRV¢4XpSDVDFXDQGRORVMyYHQHVTXLHUHQDYDQ]DUFRQVWUXLUVREUH HVDVP~VLFDVORFDOHVWUDGLFLRQDOHVSDWULPRQLDOL]DGDV"/DQXHYDP~VLFDFRORPELDQD 10&HVXQHMHPSORGHVRQRULGDGHVORFDOHVWUDGLFLRQDOHVTXHVHSUHVHQWDQ\EXVFDQ SUHVHUYDUVHHQHO0RQR1~xH]SHURTXHVRQSXHVWDVHQGLiORJRFRQVRQRULGDGHVGH RWUDVJHRJUDItDV\WHPSRUDOLGDGHV

/RTXHLQWHQWDQORVFXOWRUHVGHOD10&HVXQUHJUHVRDOD³WUDGLFLyQ´SHUR GHVGHORFRQWHPSRUiQHRHVGHDOJXQDPDQHUDODE~VTXHGDGHODVUDtFHVGHORQDFLRQDO GHORSURSLRSHURHVWHHMHUFLFLR\DQRHVUHDOL]DGRSRUFDPSHVLQRVRSURYLQFLDQRV VLQRGHVGHODSRVLFLyQGHP~VLFRVXUEDQRVPXFKRVFRQIRUPDFLyQGHFRQVHUYDWRULR TXLHQHVHVWiQEDMRODSURIXQGDLQÀXHQFLDGHODVP~VLFDVPXQGLDOHVFRPRHOMD]]\VX HMHUFLFLRPXVLFDOQRHVGHVGHHOHPSLULVPRVLQRGHVGHHOYLUWXRVLVPR(OORVEXVFDQ GHVGHORVHOHPHQWRVGHODP~VLFDGHFRQVHUYDWRULR\ODVSURSXHVWDVVRQRUDVFRPR HOMD]]RHOEOXHVUHODFLRQHVFRQORYHUQiFXORSDUDDVtHQFRQWUDUXQQXHYRHVFHQDULR VRQRURGHOR³FRORPELDQR´

(OPRYLPLHQWRGH10&IXHFRQIRUPDGRSRUMyYHQHVP~VLFRVTXHHQODSUiF WLFDSDUD7DQJDULIHWUDEDMDQODUHLQWHUSUHWDFLyQGHJpQHURVIROFOyULFRVFRPR ORVEDPEXFRVODVFXPELDVORVSDVLOORV\ORVSRUURVHQWUHRWURV\³VRQH[SORUDGRV FRQQXHYRVPDWLFHVVRQRURVUHYLVWLHQGRGHRWUDVDUPRQtDV´3ODQWHDTXHHQOD 10&³(OGLVFXUVRPXHVWUDODOXFKDSRUODFRQVWUXFFLyQGHVHQWLGRTXHFDUDFWHUL]D ODVRFLHGDGFRORPELDQDHQHVWDpSRFDTXHEXVFDFRQWUDSRQHUVHDODVWHQGHQFLDVJOR EDOL]DGRUDVDVtSRUPHGLRGHODP~VLFDVHEXVFDXQDQXHYDLGHQWLGDG´/DSURSXHVWD \VXGLVFXUVRLQKHUHQWHGHEHQFRQWHQGHUFRQODVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHV\ORVFRQÀLFWRVTXH &RORPELDSRVHHHQORVRFLRSROtWLFR\ORHFRQyPLFRDSDUWLUGHODUHLYLQGLFDFLyQGH ORSRSXODUORFDPSHVLQRORSUHPRGHUQRUHSUHVHQWDGRHQODVP~VLFDVWUDGLFLRQDOHV 7DQJDULIH

(14)

(QFXHQWUDQ&KDYDUURHWDOTXHHVWHWUDEDMRLPSOLFDXQGLVWDQFLDPLHQWRGHOD KRPRJHQHL]DFLyQJHQHUDGDSRUORVPHGLRVGHFRPXQLFDFLyQPDVLYD\XQDUHVSXHVWD GHORVP~VLFRVMyYHQHVDFWXDOL]DQGRHLQFRUSRUDQGRHOHPHQWRVGHVGHODXUEHDORV VRQLGRV³SURYLQFLDQRV´WUDGLFLRQDOHV'HVGHHVWHHMHUFLFLRVHGHVDItD\GHVSOD]DHO VLJQL¿FDGRGHIROFORU\DTXHHVWRVP~VLFRVDUJXPHQWDQTXHWRFDQIROFORUGHELGR DTXH³HVWiVXFHGLHQGRSRUTXHUHSUHVHQWDXQPRPHQWRHQODKLVWRULDSDUWLFXODU\ VXEMHWLYDGHODQDFLyQ´&RQFOX\HQORVDXWRUHVVREUHFyPRHOWUDEDMRGHORVMyYHQHV UHODFLRQDGRVFRQOD10&HVWDUtDUHODFLRQDGRFRQODE~VTXHGDGHXQVHQWLGRGH FRPXQLGDGGHSHUWHQHQFLDHVHQSRFDVSDODEUDVXQDH[SORUDFLyQSRUODLGHQWLGDG QDFLRQDODSDUWLUGHOHVWXGLR\ODLQYHVWLJDFLyQGHODVP~VLFDVWUDGLFLRQDOHVHMHUFLFLR FXOWLYDGRFRQHO¿QGHUHVLVWLUORVHQFDEDOJDPLHQWRVKRPRJHQHL]DGRUDVTXHWUDHQORV mass mediaHQSDUWLFXODU\ODJOREDOL]DFLyQHQJHQHUDO&KDYDUUR*DU]yQ*XHUUHUR 0DUWtQH]0HGLQD\5LDxR

(QVXWHVLVVREUHOD10&7DQJDULIHUHODWDHOFRQÀLFWR\ODSROpPLFD GHVDWDGDSRUHOSDVLOOR³$PDQHFHU´DOVHUSUHVHQWDGRSRU3XHUWR&DQGHODULDHQ EDMRHOPDUFRGHO)HVWLYDOGHO0RQR1~xH]\DTXHODVRQRULGDGIXHLQWHUSUHWDGDSRU HOS~EOLFREDMRHOFyGLJR³MD]]´\QREDMRHOGH³SDVLOOR´³(VWUXFWXUDOPHQWHODREUD FRQVHUYDHOFRPSiVGHôSURSLRGHOSDVLOORFRORPELDQRODPHORGtDHVFODUDPHQWH LGHQWL¿FDGDHQWDOJpQHURFRQVXVVLOHQFLRV\ORVFRUWHVSHURVHHQFXHQWUDHQGLiORJR SULQFLSDOPHQWHFRQHOMD]]$VtDSDUHFHXQDPDQHUDFRQWHPSRUiQHDGHP~VLFD©FR ORPELDQDªXQQXHYRSDVLOOR´7DQJDULIHSODQWHDTXHQRHVVRORXQDVXQWRHVWpWLFR HVXQDVXQWRpWLFR³SRUTXHSHUPLWHDORVVHJXLGRUHVGHHVWHPRYLPLHQWRFXOWXUDO GHVSOHJDUVXVXSHULRULGDGVRFLDOHQFXDQWRIRUPDHVWpWLFDHVWLOL]DGDGHQWURGHXQ GHVDUUROORDEVWUDFWRSRUXQODGR\GHYHODIRUPDVSRSXODUHVDSOLFDGDVHQHOPLVPR FRQWH[WR\HVWUXFWXUDPXVLFDOSRUHORWUR´1RHVWDUtDSUHVHQWHODLGHDGHO³SXHEOR´ FRORPELDQRSHURVtHQFRQWUDPRVODLGHDGHOR³SRSXODU´\DTXHHOJUXSRFRQVWUX\H VXSURSXHVWDGHVGHODVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHVLQKHUHQWHVDOFRQFHSWRHQHOSDtV7DQJDULIH \

(15)

9HPRVHQWRQFHVFyPRODVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHVODVWHQVLRQHV\ODVOXFKDVDSDUHFHQ GHPDQHUDPDUFDGDDQWHODWUDQVIRUPDFLyQGHORVHVFHQDULRVGHORWUDGLFLRQDOSDWUL PRQLDOUHDFFLRQHVFDWDOL]DGDVFXDQGRVREUHHVD³VRQRULGDG´VHFRQVWUX\HODLGHQ WLGDGQDFLRQDO$YDQFHPRVDKRUDKDFLDHOVHQVLEOHDVXQWRGHODVSROtWLFDVFXOWXUDOHV \FyPRSXHGHQLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DUODVDUWHV

El Plan Nacional de Músicas para la Convivencia (PNMC). El arte instrumentalizado para la paz

La música vive en cada habitante de nuestro país, un mensaje de convivencia a través de ella, será escuchado por todos

%DUDNH

6REUHVHFUHD&ROFXOWXUD\VXVSULPHUDVSROtWLFDVPXVLFDOHVHVWiQUHODFLRQDGDV FRQOD³DOWDFXOWXUD´VRQRUL]DGDHQDJUXSDFLRQHVVLQIyQLFDVEDQGD\RUTXHVWD8Q SRFRPiVDGHODQWHVHVXPDQDODOtQHDGHPDQLIHVWDFLRQHVDSURPRYHUODySHUDHO FRUR\DSDUHFHQFRQFLHUWRVHQHO7HDWUR&ROyQ(VWDSHUVSHFWLYDH[FOXVLYDPHQWH HXUy¿OD\FODVLVWDGHpOLWHVVHPDQWLHQHKDVWDFXDQGRDSDUHFHHO&HQWURGH 'RFXPHQWDFLyQ0XVLFDOTXHVHUHODFLRQyFRQODP~VLFDSRSXODUWUDGLFLRQDO<DSDUD VHHVWDEOHFHQORVµ3URJUDPDV1DFLRQDOHVGH%DQGDV&RURV\0~VLFDV3RSXOD UHV¶FRQpQIDVLVHQODIRUPDFLyQ\ODGLYXOJDFLyQ3RUODPLVPDpSRFDGHVDUUROODQHO ³3URJUDPD&5($8QD([SHGLFLyQSRUOD&XOWXUD&RORPELDQD´TXHWHQtDSRUREMHWL YRGLIXQGLUORSRSXODUHQVXVDFHSFLRQHVXUEDQDV\³WUDGLFLRQDOHV´310& /OHJDQGRDHVIXQGDGRHO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUD\FRPRFRQVHFXHQFLDODV SROtWLFDVUHODFLRQDGDVFRQODP~VLFDVH³GLYHUVL¿FDURQPHGLDQWHXQGLVHxRHGXFDWLYR QRIRUPDOSDUDDFWXDOL]DUP~VLFRV\GRFHQWHVHQHMHUFLFLRHQDOJXQRVGHSDUWDPHQ WRVDWUDYpVXQDSROtWLFDLQWHJUDOTXHLQFOXtDDGHPiVGHODIRUPDFLyQSUR\HFWRV GHJHVWLyQDVHVRUtDORFDO\HGLFLyQGHPDWHULDOHVHQWUHRWURV´6LJXLHQGRHVWDV OyJLFDVIXHHVWDEOHFLGDOD5HG1DFLRQDOGH2UTXHVWDV

(16)

(QHO3ODQ1DFLRQDOGH'HVDUUROORSRUSULPHUDYH]HVLQFOXLGRHODUWH\GH PDQHUDSUHSRQGHUDQWHHVODP~VLFDODHVFRJLGDSDUDGHVDUUROODUSURJUDPDVTXH WHQGUtDQWUHVSXQWRVIXQGDPHQWDOHV3ULPHURHOXVRGHODP~VLFDFRPRKHUUDPLHQWD LGHQWLWDULDVHJXQGRODXELFDFLyQGHODUHVSRQVDELOLGDGFRQUHVSHFWRDODSUHQGL]DMH \ODVDFFLRQHV²WUDQVIRUPDFLRQHVVRFLDOHV²VREUHORVMyYHQHV\ORVQLxRVWHUFHUR HOSHU¿ODPLHQWRVREUHODVFRPXQLGDGHVPHQRVIDYRUHFLGDVHQORHFRQyPLFR\OR VRFLDODVSHFWRSRVLWLYR\HOUHFRUWHGHORVSURJUDPDVUHWLUDQGRHODSR\RDOUHVWRGH ODSREODFLyQTXHQRFRQVLGHUDQQHFHVLWDGDFODUDPHQWHQHJDWLYR

(OLQIRUPHGHO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDHVWDEOHFHTXHHQWUH\HO310& VHGHGLFyDLPSOHPHQWDUODVHVFXHODVGHP~VLFDHQHOWHUULWRULRQDFLRQDOTXHLQFOXtD ODIRUPDFLyQGHORVGRFHQWHVGLUHFWRUHVGHODVEDQGDVHVFXHODODGRWDFLyQGHLQVWUX PHQWRV\ODFUHDFLyQGHPDWHULDOHVGLGiFWLFRV(QWUH\LQIRUPDQODFRQVR OLGDFLyQGHOSUR\HFWRFRQHO&RQSHV1oGHYtDHODXPHQWRGHSUHVXSXHVWR

\ODDUWLFXODFLyQFRQRWURVSURJUDPDVHVWDWDOHVGHOiUHDFRPR$VRFLDFLyQ1DFLRQDO GH0~VLFD6LQIyQLFD\OD)XQGDFLyQ%DWXWD$GHPiVGHHVWDEOHFHU³UHODFLRQHVFRQ ORV0LQLVWHULRV>VLF@GH(GXFDFLyQ\&RPHUFLR,QGXVWULD\7XULVPR´

$FiHVHYLGHQWHODFDSLWDOL]DFLyQGHODVH[SHULHQFLDVSUHYLDVHQPDWHULDPX VLFDO\XQDUHIRUPXODFLyQGHODYLVLyQGHO(VWDGRQDFLyQKDFLpQGRODPiVSOXUDO TXHQRVOOHJDFRQOD&RQVWLWXFLyQGH\TXHLQWURGXFHODVLGHDVGHO³SDWULPRQLR PXOWLFXOWXUDO´HQHOiPELWRGHODSROtWLFD<DQRVHKDFHLJXDOpQIDVLVHQFyPRXQ JpQHURQRVUHSUHVHQWDVREUHRWURVVLQRHQODYDULHGDGGHJHRJUDItDV\P~VLFDV\DQR VHFDUJDQORVLPDJLQDULRVHQOREODQFRVLQRHQHOODUJRSURFHVRGHPHVWL]DMHGHVXV KDELWDQWHV$Vt³HQODPHPRULDGHFDGDFLXGDGDQRKDELWDQP~VLFDVGHPX\GLVWLQWRV RUtJHQHV\FDUDFWHUHVTXHFRQIRUPDQXQSDWULPRQLRVRQRURHYRFDGR\UHFUHDGRHQ IRUPDSHUPDQHQWHSRUODQHFHVLGDGH[SUHVLYDLQGLYLGXDO\SRUVXFDSDFLGDGGHVHUYLU GHVtPERORFROHFWLYR´(VWDEOHFLGDODKHUHQFLDHOYDORUSDWULPRQLDOGHODVP~VLFDV GHOSDtVGHYLHQHIXQGDPHQWDOTXH³HVWDGLYHUVLGDGPXVLFDOUHTXLHUHVHUYLVLELOL]DGD YDORUDGD\IRPHQWDGDGHPDQHUDTXHSXHGDPDQWHQHUVXFDSDFLGDGGHH[SUHVDUH LGHQWL¿FDUDODVJHQHUDFLRQHVGHOSUHVHQWH\GHOIXWXUR´310&

(O3ODQHQVXWH[WRSRVHHXQDHVWUXFWXUDSDUDGyMLFD\DTXHSRUXQODGRUHDOL]D XQGLDJQyVWLFRFUtWLFRGHODVSROtWLFDVUHODFLRQDGDVFRQP~VLFDVSDUD¿QDOPHQWH YDOLGDUXQDGLVPLQXFLyQHQORVDSR\RV\SUHVXSXHVWRVJHQHUDOHV\ODFRQFHQWUDFLyQ HQFLHUWRVVHFWRUHV(QFXHQWUDQTXHORVHYHQWRVPXVLFDOHVSUHSRQGHUDQWHVVRQ ORVIHVWLYDOHVORVFXDOHVHQUHDOLGDGVRQFRQFXUVRVGHH[SUHVLRQHVGLIXQGLGDVSRUORV PHGLRVPDVLYRVGHFRPXQLFDFLyQGHMDQGRVLQHVSDFLRODVP~VLFDVWUDGLFLRQDOHV\ DFDGpPLFDVQRFRPHUFLDOHV\HQPD\RUPHGLGDDODVYDQJXDUGLDVGHODVPLVPDV9 En

ODFDSDFLGDGGHLQYHUWLUHQHVWRVIHVWLYDOHVVHHYLGHQFLDODLQLTXLGDGQDFLRQDOFRPR

(17)

ORPXHVWUDHOFDVRGH&HVDUGRQGHVHLQYLHUWH\VHUHFLEHJUDQFDQWLGDGGHGLQHUR WULSOLFDQGRDORVFXDWURVLJXLHQWHVGHSDUWDPHQWRVHQLQYHUVLyQ\VXSHUDQGRDOUHVWR SRUPiVGHFLQFRYHFHVHQLQYHUVLyQHQIHVWLYDOHV$GLFLRQDOPHQWHGHQXQFLDQ ODSUREOHPiWLFDGHXQDFRQFHSFLyQ³WUDGLFLRQDOLVWD´IROFORULVWDHQHVWRVHYHQWRVOR TXHORVOOHYDDHVWDEOHFHUPRGHORVUtJLGRVGHORTXHFRQVLGHUDQTXHHVODµWUDGLFLyQ¶ JHQHUDQGRHVWDWLVPR\DQTXLORVDPLHQWRGHORVSURFHVRVDUWtVWLFRV En el caso de ODVP~VLFDVDFDGpPLFDVHQFXHQWUDQXQYDFtRHQORVHVSDFLRVGHFUHDFLyQ\GLIXVLyQ GHOUHSHUWRULRQDFLRQDOTXHVXPDGRDORDQWHULRUGDUtDHVFHQDDXQS~EOLFRQDFLRQDO GHVLQIRUPDGR\FRQEDMDFDSDFLGDGDSUHFLDWLYD\FUtWLFD

/DYLVLyQSDWULPRQLDOLVWDQRHVFDSDGHO310&TXHHQVXDSDUWDGRGHP~VLFDV WUDGLFLRQDOHVFRQFLEHDODVPLVPDVFRPR³OLEURVDELHUWRV´TXHSXHGHQVHUXVDGRV FRPRVDOYDJXDUGDGHODWUDGLFLyQ\GHOHQRUPHSDWULPRQLRPXVLFDOGHOSDtV\FRPR ³IXHQWH´FUHDWLYDSDUDODVLQQRYDFLRQHV$GLFLRQDOPHQWHVHFRQFLEHQODVP~VLFDV WUDGLFLRQDOHVFRPRLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DEOHVHQGRVHVFHQDULRVHOGHODLGHQWLGDG\HOGH ODFRQYLYHQFLD3RUXQODGRQRVSHUPLWLUtDQUHFRQRFHUQRVFRPRFRPXQLGDGJHQH UDQGRGLiORJRV\SRURWURQRVSHUPLWLUtDQJHQHUDUUHVSHWR\UHFRQRFLPLHQWR&RQ HO¿QGHLPSOHPHQWDUHOSURJUDPDVHHVWDEOHFHQRQFHHMHVEXVFDQGRUHSUHVHQWDUOD GLYHUVLGDGVRQRUDGHOSDtVXVDQGRXQ¿OWURWHUULWRULDO(VWRV³HMHVPXVLFDOHV´DXQ FXDQGRDFRUGHVDOD&RQVWLWXFLyQGH\HYLGHQFLDQGRXQDYHUGDGHUDµH[SORVLyQ¶ GHGLYHUVLGDGIUHQWHDOPRGHORGHPLWDGGHOVLJORXX²\VXDSODQDGRUDFXOWXUDO² UHSUHVHQWDGRHQHVWHFDVRSRUOD³P~VLFDFRORPELDQD´HQVLQJXODUSRVHHQHQOD EDVHVLPLODUHVSUREOHPiWLFDV/DSUREDEOHPHQWHQHFHVDULDFRQ¿QHVEXURFUiWLFRV RUJDQL]DFLyQ\MHUDUTXL]DFLyQGHODVVRQRULGDGHVQDFLRQDOHVOOHYDGHIRQGRDFWRV OHJLVODWLYRVUHGXFFLRQLVWDVGHODFRPSOHMLGDGH[FOX\HQWHVGHODVPLQRUtDVDVtFRP SULPHQODPLUtDGDGHGLYHUVLGDGHVVRQRUDVDRQFH11

(QWUHODVIRUPXODFLRQHVGHO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDVHDSXHVWD\VHFDUJDQODV WLQWDVVREUHODVEDQGDVGHYLHQWRFRPRXQHVFHQDULRHGXFDWLYR\DUWtVWLFRSDUDORVMy YHQHV\FRPRXQFRKHVLRQDGRUVRFLDO\DTXHDOUHGHGRUGHVXDFWLYLGDGVHHQFRQWUDUiQ ODVIDPLOLDV\KDELWDQWHVGHODVFRPXQLGDGHV$GLFLRQDOPHQWHFRQVLGHUDQTXHFUHDUiQ

$SHVDUGHOGLDJQyVWLFRHQFRQWUDPRVXQDSURIXQGDFRQWUDGLFFLyQ\DTXHHQHOLQIRUPHGHORJURV GHO310&GHVHSXHGHREVHUYDUFyPRHODSR\RKDFLDHVWHWLSRGHIHVWLYDOHVHVPX\ LPSRUWDQWHUHSRUWDQHVFXHODVGHP~VLFDGRWDGDVGRFHQWHV\P~VLFRVHQSURFHVRVGH IRUPDFLyQFRQWLQXDGDQLxRV\MyYHQHVGLUHFWDPHQWHEHQH¿FLDULRVIHVWLYDOHV\¿HVWDV DSR\DGDVDQXDOPHQWHUHGHVFRQIRUPDGDV\IRUWDOHFLGDVSUR\HFWRHGLWRULDOPDWHULDOHV HGLWDGRVOtGHUHVFRPXQLWDULRVFDSDFLWDGRV

11 &XDOTXLHUFDWHJRUL]DFLyQXWLOL]DGDWHQGUtDFRPSOHMLGDGHVHQHVWHFDVRDOVHURUJDQL]DGDVSRU

(18)

XQFOLPDGHFRQYLYHQFLD\UHVSHWRGHORWURJHQHUDUiQSDUWLFLSDFLyQFRPXQLWDULD EXVFDQGRDOFDQ]DUSUR\HFWRVFRPXQHV\OHVGDUiQFDSDFLGDGGHDSUHFLDFLyQDUWtVWLFD DSDUWLUGHUHSHUWRULRVQDFLRQDOHVHLQWHUQDFLRQDOHV$OPLVPRWLHPSREULQGDUiQSUR \HFWRVGHYLGDTXHGDUiQDVXVP~VLFRVDOWHUQDWLYDVDODYLROHQFLD\ODGURJDGLFFLyQ (QUHODFLyQFRQODVEDQGDVVHVDEHTXHQRHVWiQGLVWULEXLGDVGHPDQHUDGHPR FUiWLFD³GHODVDJUXSDFLRQHVHVWiQXELFDGDVHQPXQLFLSLRVGHPHGLDQR\DOWR QLYHO&DWHJRUtDVD\HOHQPXQLFLSLRVGHEDMRGHVDUUROOR´GHVGHHO310& DVXPHQDFUtWLFDPHQWHTXHODVRVWHQLELOLGDGGHODVEDQGDVGHSHQGHGHO³GHVDUUROOR´ GHODVUHJLRQHV'HLJXDOPDQHUDHQFXHQWUDQTXHHO³GHODVEDQGDVVRQGHQLYHO EiVLFRHOGHQLYHOPHGLR\HOGHQLYHOSURIHVLRQDOGHQWURGHOFXDOVHFXHQWD FRQODH[LVWHQFLDGHVLHWHEDQGDVGHSDUWDPHQWDOHV´FRQFOX\HQGRTXHQRH[LVWHXQD FRQVROLGDFLyQGHOPRYLPLHQWRGHEDQGDVGHELGRDODDXVHQFLDGHYDQJXDUGLDVWpF QLFDV\DUWtVWLFDV'HLJXDOPDQHUDHQFXHQWUDQTXH³ODPD\RUtDGHORVFRORPELDQRV QRDFFHGHQDSURFHVRVGHIRUPDFLyQPXVLFDOGHVGHHGDGHVRSRUWXQDVQLDSURFHVRV FRQODVFRQGLFLRQHVDGHFXDGDVSDUDHOGHVDUUROORGHOWDOHQWRLQGLYLGXDO\FROHFWLYR´ \DUHQJOyQVHJXLGRSUHVHQWDQDORVµVRVSHFKRVRVGHSODQWD¶³ODVREUHRIHUWD>VLF@ GHP~VLFDVFRPHUFLDOHV²GHULYDGDGHSURFHVRVGHJOREDOL]DFLyQ²TXHSXHGHQ FRQGXFLUDODKRPRJHQL]DFLyQ>VLF@GHOyJLFDVVRQRUDVGHODIXQFLyQVRFLDO\GHORV VHQWLGRV´310&\

3DUDOHORDOIRUPDWREDQGDSRSXODUGHJUDQSUHVHQFLDUHJLRQDOVHPDQWLHQHHO PRGHORGH³DOWDFXOWXUD´EDMRODVPLVPDVOyJLFDV(QHVFUHDGDOD)XQGDFLyQ 1DFLRQDOGH2UTXHVWDV6LQIyQLFDV-XYHQLOHVH,QIDQWLOHV%DWXWDEXVFDQGRODIRUPD FLyQGHQLxRV\MyYHQHVHQHOPDUFRGHODVP~VLFDVHXURSHDVGHIRUPDWRVLQIyQLFR \JHQHUDUXQVLVWHPDQDFLRQDOGHHVWDVRUTXHVWDVMXQWRFRQVHFWRUHVDFDGpPLFRV\ VRFLDOHV$OLJXDOTXHORVRWURVSURJUDPDVGHO310&%DWXWDWLHQHFRPRREMHWLYR PLWLJDUODYLROHQFLD\D\XGDUDODVSREODFLRQHVDIHFWDGDVSRUHOFRQÀLFWR(OSURJUDPD WLHQHFREHUWXUDQDFLRQDO\KDFHSUHVHQFLDHQWRGRVORVGHSDUWDPHQWRV(O(VWDGRDSRUWy PLOORQHVFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHVDFDVLHOGHODLQYHUVLyQORIDOWDQWHSURYLHQH GHHPSUHVDVSULYDGDVTXHWLHQHQDVLHQWRHQODMXQWDGLUHFWLYDGHODIXQGDFLyQ(O SURJUDPDHVWiFODUDPHQWHSHU¿ODGRSULPHURDQLxRVHQWUH\DxRV\OXHJR DMyYHQHVHQWUH\DxRVEXVFDQGRPLWLJDUSUREOHPiWLFDVGH³GHVSOD]D GRV´HO\³YXOQHUDEOHV´HOHQFRQGLFLRQHVGHSREUH]DHQHVWUDWR \HVWUDWR\HQFRPSOHWRGLiORJR\UHODFLyQFRQRWURVSURJUDPDVSDUDOHORV FRPR³$FFLyQ6RFLDO´7RGDVODVDQWHULRUHVFLIUDVFRUUHVSRQGHQDVXLQIRUPHVREUH ODSREODFLyQDWHQGLGDGXUDQWHHODxR%DWXWD

(19)

H[WHUQDOL]DQGRORVFRVWRV\ODVUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHV(O0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDWUDEDMy HQFRQPLOORQHVGHSHVRVFDVLXQDGpFDGDGHVSXpVWXYRTXHKDFHUOR FRQSHURQRVGLFHQPiVHQHOSRUHMHPSORGHELHURQIXQFLRQDUFRQ PLOORQHV

(QOXJDUGHDXPHQWDUORVSUHVXSXHVWRVVHDUJX\HTXHQRKD\VX¿FLHQWHGLQHUR \TXHORVSURJUDPDVVHGHEHQKDFHUH¿FLHQWHVHVWRLPSOLFDXWLOL]DUORVVRORHQORV PXQLFLSLRV\SREODFLRQHVFRQPD\RUHVJUDGRVGHSREUH]D\WUDVODGDUODDJHQFLDDODV SREODFLRQHV3RUHMHPSORJHQHUDQGRFDSDFLWDFLRQHVSDUDDSUHQGHUDIRUPXODUSUR \HFWRV\DVtORVGLYHUVRVHQWHVWHUULWRULDOHVHQFXHQWUHQUHFXUVRVH[WHUQRVRFRPSLWDQ HQWUHSDUHVSDUDDFFHGHUDHVWRVOLPLWDGRVGLQHURV(VLPSRUWDQWHUHVDOWDUTXHHQHO DQWHULRUPRGHORVLQRKDEtDFREHUWXUDODUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHUDGHO(VWDGRDKRUDSDVD DVHUGHODVFRPXQLGDGHVTXHQREXVFDURQVX¿FLHQWHPHQWHRUHDOL]DURQXQDGH¿FLHQWH IRUPXODFLyQGHOSUR\HFWR8QLQIRUPHGHO310&D¿UPDTXHHVWDLQVWLWXFLyQEXVFD ³RIUHFHUIRUPDFLyQEiVLFDHQHODERUDFLyQJHVWLyQ\DGPLQLVWUDFLyQGHSUR\HFWRV SDUDDVtSURSLFLDUODVRVWHQLELOLGDG\ODDXWRQRPtDGHORVSURFHVRVPXVLFDOHVGHODV UHJLRQHVDWUDYpVGHOIRUWDOHFLPLHQWRLQVWLWXFLRQDO\FRPXQLWDULR\ODDUWLFXODFLyQGH ORVGLVWLQWRVDFWRUHV´%DUDNH%DUERVD&DVDV0RUD5H\6DDYHGUD<HSHV\=XOHWD (QHOPLVPRRUGHQOyJLFRVHOHWUDVODGDQUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHVDO0LQLVWHULR GH&XOWXUDFRPRODWDUHDGHUHIRUPXODUVH\SDVDUDWHQHUXQ³SRUWDIROLRGHVHUYLFLRV´ TXHYHQGHU\SDUDOHODPHQWHGHEHEXVFDUUHFXUVRVGHODD\XGDLQWHUQDFLRQDO

/RVDXWRUHVSRQHQVXVpQIDVLVHQHODVXQWRGHODLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DFLyQGHODUWHSDUD VXXVRDIDYRUGHODSD]\FRQHVWH¿QKDFHQHYLGHQWHVGLYHUVDVPDQHUDVGHFRQFHELU ODPLVPD7DPELpQDGYLHUWHQFyPRORVDERUGDMHVPRUDOLVWDVQRVRQGHPD\RUXWLOLGDG \DTXHXQFRQFHSWRGHSD]YDFtRLGHDOFRPRHOXVDGRHQORVPHGLRVPDVLYRVSRU HOTXHPDUFKDPRV\QRVYHVWLPRVGHEODQFRQRWLHQHPD\RUFRUUHVSRQGHQFLDFRQOD FRWLGLDQLGDGGHODVSHUVRQDV3URSRQHQTXHVHUtDPiV~WLOORFRQWUDULRXQDHGXFDFLyQ SDUDHOFRQÀLFWRHQODFXDOORVVXMHWRVTXHORHVWiQSDGHFLHQGRWHQJDQFDSDFLGDGGH PDQHMDUOR0LxDQD$UL]D\$UDQJR

2WURHOHPHQWRLPSRUWDQWHHVTXHORVDXWRUHVGHQXQFLDQFyPRORVSURJUDPDV KDFHQpQIDVLVHQHOUHFRQRFLPLHQWR\HOUHVSHWRGHODGLIHUHQFLDGHORWUR\TXHHVWR UHVXOWDHQXQD³LQGLIHUHQFLD´IUHQWHDODVDOWHULGDGHV,JXDOPHQWHQRVSURSRQHQTXH ³WDOYH]HOpQIDVLVGHOWUDEDMRQRGHEHHVWDUHQODLQGLIHUHQFLDDQWHODGLIHUHQFLDVLQR HQFRPEDWLUODLQGLIHUHQFLDDQWHODGHVLJXDOGDG´(ODVXQWRDFiVHUtDHVWDEOHFHUOD VHQVLELOLGDGKDFLDODLQLTXLGDGFRVDTXHHQQXHVWURFRQWH[WRHVXQDWDUHDWRGDSRU UHDOL]DU0LxDQD$UL]D\$UDQJR

(20)

5HVXOWDSDUDGyMLFRHOXVRGDGRDODFXOWXUDHQVXDFHSFLyQURPiQWLFD\FyPR HOGLVFXUVRYDFtRGHOD³ULTXH]DPXOWLFXOWXUDO´HQFXEUH\YHODHOFLQLVPRGHODSUiFWLFD SROtWLFD/HMRVGHSULRUL]DUORVUHFXUVRVSDUDVROXFLRQDUSUREOHPDVHVWUXFWXUDOHVGH SURIXQGDSREUH]DGHVLJXDOGDGLQLTXLGDG\YLROHQFLDVHRWRUJDEXHQDSDUWHGHODV UHVSRQVDELOLGDGHVDODVSURSLDVFRPXQLGDGHV\DODUWH(QQXHVWURDQiOLVLVODP~VLFDHV FDUJDGDFRQODUHVSRQVDELOLGDGGHPLWLJDUODYLROHQFLDSURSLFLDGDHQPX\EXHQDPH GLGDSRUHOSDUDHVWDGR\FRKHVLRQDUODVFRPXQLGDGHV$GLFLRQDODODDSODVWDQWHWDUHD VHOHUHGXFHQGXUDQWHHODQWHULRUJRELHUQRORVDSR\RV\HOSUHVXSXHVWR8QHYHQWRUH ODFLRQDGRFRQODSROtWLFDFXOWXUDOGHO(VWDGRDOTXHVHOHGHGLFDURQHQRUPHVHVIXHU]RV ORJUDQGRJUDQGHVDUUROOR\SUHVXSXHVWRPHUHFHXQDUHÀH[LyQDSDUWH\DFRQWLQXDFLyQ

El Gran Concierto Nacional, ritual para la construcción de la comunidad imaginada

(VWHGHMXOLRHVWDPRVFRQPHPRUDQGRORVSULPHURVDxRVGHQXHVWUD,QGHSHQGHQFLD (OFRUD]yQGHHVWDFHOHEUDFLyQVHUiHO*UDQ&RQFLHUWR1DFLRQDO>*&1@HOPiVJUDQGH FRQFLHUWRVLPXOWiQHRMDPiVUHDOL]DGRHQHOSDtVODP~VLFDUHVRQDUiHQWRGRV\FDGDXQR GHORVPXQLFLSLRVGHOWHUULWRULRQDFLRQDOGHVGHOR>VLF@PiVUHPRWRVGHQXHVWUD &RORPELDSURIXQGDKDVWDODVSULQFLSDOHVSOD]DVGHQXHVWUDVFDSLWDOHV\HQHVFHQDULRV GHSDtVHVGHOPXQGR(VWHDxRHOJULWRGH,QGHSHQGHQFLDVHWUDQVIRUPDUiHQFDQFLyQ 0LOHVGHYRFHVVRQDUiQFRPRXQDLQPHQVDSROLIRQtDTXHWLHQGHSXHQWHVHQWUHUHJLRQHV JpQHURV\JHQHUDFLRQHV8QDFHOHEUDFLyQGHODOLEHUWDGODLQGHSHQGHQFLD\ODGLYHUVLGDG XQDJUDQ¿HVWDDOUHGHGRUGHXQDGHODVH[SUHVLRQHVTXHPiVQRVFRQYRFDODP~VLFD>«@ (O*&1SURSLFLDXQFDPELRFXOWXUDODOHQULTXHFHUHOLPDJLQDULRFROHFWLYRFRQHOVtPEROR GHODXQLGDGGHODQDFLyQHQVXGLYHUVLGDGDWUDYpVGHODP~VLFD(O*&1KDFHYLVLEOHVORV SURFHVRVFXOWXUDOHVGHODVUHJLRQHVODVFUHHQFLDVFRVWXPEUHV\WUDGLFLRQHVTXHKDFHQSDUWH GHODLGHQWLGDGGHWRGDXQD1DFLyQ>«@(O*&1EXVFDIRUWDOHFHUHOVHQWLGRGHSHUWHQHQFLD DOSUR\HFWRFROHFWLYRGHQDFLyQJHQHUDQGRXQHVSDFLRGHFRQYHUJHQFLDUHFRQRFLPLHQWR GHODSOXUDOLGDG\FRKHVLyQVRFLDOHQWRUQRDODVH[SUHVLRQHVFXOWXUDOHV>«@El GCN se propone fundar una nueva tradición: celebrar año tras año nuestro grito de Independencia en torno a la música, como un acto simbólico, metáfora de convergencia en la diversidad

>«@0RUHQR/DVFXUVLYDVQRVRQGHORULJLQDO

(VWHPX\GLFLHQWHWH[WR\RWURVFRPRHOGH0HMtDFRPSLODGRVSRU HO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDSDUDODFHOHEUDFLyQGHOELFHQWHQDULRGHODLQGHSHQGHQFLD QDFLRQDOQRVGDQFXHQWDGHOHMHUFLFLRGHFRQVWUXFFLyQLGHQWLWDULDGHE~VTXHGDGH XQLyQGHXQDLPDJLQDFLyQGHODWUDGLFLyQGHODLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DFLyQGHXQHVSHFWiFXOR ULWXDOL]DGR\GLIXQGLGRPDVLYDPHQWHTXHEXVFDPRYLOL]DUVHQWLPLHQWRVQDFLRQDOLVWDV SRULQWHUPHGLRGHODP~VLFD

(21)

(VWHWLSRGHWUDGLFLRQHV³LQYHQWDGDV´LPSOLFDQXQJUXSRGHSUiFWLFDVTXH FRQUHJODVH[SOtFLWDVRWiFLWDVGLULJLGDVSRUXQULWXDORXQHYHQWRGHQDWXUDOH]D VLPEyOLFDHQHVWHFDVRHYLGHQWHPHQWHHO*&1EXVFDLQFXOFDUYDORUHV\QRUPDVGH FRPSRUWDPLHQWR3DUDORJUDUORXWLOL]DQHVWUDWHJLDVFRPRODUHSHWLFLyQGHOULWXDOR HYHQWR\GHHVWDPDQHUDORJUDUFRQWLQXLGDGFRQHOSDVDGR6LHPSUHTXHVHDSRVLEOH VHHVFRJHUiGHHVHSDVDGRORTXHVHDPiVFRQYHQLHQWHSDUDORVJUXSRVTXHSRVHHQ ODFDSDFLGDGGHHVWDEOHFHUODWUDGLFLyQ+REVEDZP(QQXHVWURFDVREDVWD UHYLVDUODFXUVLYDGHODFLWDGHODHQWRQFHVPLQLVWUDGHFXOWXUDSDUDHQFRQWUDUHVWD FDUDFWHUtVWLFDHQHOSODQRGLVFXUVLYR

3DUD+REVEDZPHVWDVWUDGLFLRQHVLQYHQWDGDVWHQGUtDQWUHVWLSRORJtDVPXFKDV YHFHVVREUHSXHVWDVXQDHVWDUtDUHODFLRQDGDFRQODIXQFLyQGHFUHDFLyQGHFRPXQL GDGGHVHQWLGRGHSHUWHQHQFLDHVGHFLUGHLGHQWLGDGODVHJXQGDEXVFDOHJLWLPDU ODVLQVWLWXFLRQHVHOHVWDWXV\ODVUHODFLRQHVGHDXWRULGDG\¿QDOPHQWHWHQGUtDXVRV ³SHGDJyJLFRV´GHLQWHULRUL]DFLyQGHORVSRGHUHV)RXFDXOW\VXVSURSyVLWRVVHUtDQ ORVGHODVRFLDOL]DFLyQHOLQFXOFDUFUHHQFLDVORVVLVWHPDVGHYDORUHV\ODVIRUPDVGH FRPSRUWDPLHQWR(OSULPHUWLSRFRUUHVSRQGHDFRPXQLGDGHVTXHEXVFDQH[SUHVDUVH FRQVROLGDUVHFRPRQDFLyQ\ODVUHVWDQWHVWLSRORJtDVFRUUHVSRQGHQPiVDVLWXDFLRQHV FRORQLDOHVGHQHFHVLGDGGHLPSRVLFLyQSRUSDUWHGHO(VWDGR8QDDWHQWDUHOHFWXUD GHODSUHVHQWDFLyQGHO*&1QRVSRGUtDXELFDUFRQFODULGDGORVWUHVWLSRVGHHMHUFLFLRV

(OSDWULRWLVPRHVWiQRWDEOHPHQWHPDOGH¿QLGRVHJ~Q+REVEDZPVLQHPEDU JRHOSXQWRFUXFLDOHVWiHQODLQYHQFLyQGHVtPERORVHPRFLRQDO\VLPEyOLFDPHQWH FDUJDGRVGHPHPEUHVtDDODFRPXQLGDGPiVTXHDFXDOTXLHURWUDFRVD(QQXHVWUR FDVRHQXQDQDFLyQFRQLGHQWLGDGLQFLSLHQWHODVLPERORJtDVHFDUJDKDFLDODDOHJUtD OD¿HVWDODGLYHUVLGDGODULTXH]DWRGRORDQWHULRUHQDEVWUDFWR\FRQODVDQWtSRGDV HQORFRQFUHWRGHORVPXQGRVGHYLGDGHORVFLXGDGDQRV13

8QULWXDOSXHGHVHUGH¿QLGRFRPRXQperformanceGHVHFXHQFLDVPiVRPHQRV LQYDULDQWHVGHDFWRVIRUPDOHV\H[SUHVLRQHVTXHQRIXHURQFRGL¿FDGRVSRUORVVXMH WRVTXHORVDFW~DQ(O*&1SRGUtDSHQVDUVHGHVGHHVWDSHUVSHFWLYD\DTXHORVPiV GHDUWLVWDVHQWDULPD*&1QRWLHQHQDJHQFLDQLUHDOFRQRFLPLHQWR VREUHHOJUDQOLEUHWRTXHUHSUHVHQWDQGHKHFKRDSDUHFHQGHPDQHUDGHVFRRUGLQDGD XQSXxDGRHQFDGDPXQLFLSLR\ODREUDFRPSOHWDHOVHQWLGRODWUDPDVRORVHORJUD HQODFRPSLODFLyQGHORVIUDJPHQWRVSRUSDUWHGHORVmass media,HQORVLQIRUPHV\ GLVFXUVRVGHO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUD\GH3UHVLGHQFLDGHOD5HS~EOLFDTXLHQHVFRGL ¿FDURQHOPHJDHYHQWR\OXHJRORSUHVHQWDQDFRUGHDVXVLQWHUHVHV14

13 3DUDSURIXQGL]DUHQHVWDUHÀH[LyQYpDVH%ODQFR

14 (VWHFDVRDSDUHFLHQGRXQFRQFLHUWRHQPDUFDGRHQHO3ODQGH0~VLFDVSDUDOD&RQYLYHQFLD\HO

(22)

/DULWXDOLGDGQRHVXQDPDQHUDGHFRPXQLFDFLyQHQWUHPXFKDVRWUDVGLVSRQLEOHV PiVELHQHVDTXHOODTXHSHUPLWHTXHRWUDVPDQHUDVGHFRPXQLFDFLyQVHDQSRVLEOHV (OULWXDOLPSOLFDperformance,VLQpOQRKD\FRPXQLFDFLyQHVWD³DFWXDFLyQ´HVXQ DVSHFWRFHQWUDOGHDTXHOORTXHHVULWXDOL]DGRHOPHGLDGRUHVSDUWHGHOPHQVDMHFRQ PiVSUHFLVLyQHVXQPHWDPHQVDMHVREUHORTXHHVWiFRGL¿FDGRHQHOULWXDO5DSDSSRUW $TXtHODVXQWRSXHGHLUXQSRFRPiVDOOi\ODDFWXDFLyQHQWDULPDQR VHUtDXQDSDUWHLPSRUWDQWHVLQRDEVROXWDGHOULWXDOHQODDFWXDFLyQGHXQDQDFLyQULFD \DOHJUHPXVLFDOPHQWH\HQVXYLYHQFLDVLPXOWiQHDSRUSDUWHGHORVFRQQDFLRQDOHV VHGDUtDHOVHQWLGRWRWDOGHOULWXDOTXHHQFRQVHFXHQFLDVHUtDXQRWHDWUDO

/DLGHDGHODFRORPELDQLGDGGHEHVHUFRQVWUXLGDGHEHVHUXUGLGDWUDPDGD HQXQDQDFLyQTXHKDYLYLGRHQ³JXHUUDFLYLO´SHUPDQHQWHDSDUHFHFRPRXQDGHODV LGHDVPiVWUXQFDV\SRUORWDQWRFDUDV\GHVHDGDVSRUSDUWHGHO(VWDGRSDUDORJUDU UHFRQRFLPLHQWR\OHJLWLPLGDG&RPRSODQWHD*ULPVRQ³ODQHFHVLGDGGHFRQFHELUODV LGHQWL¿FDFLRQHVFRPRSURFHVRUHODFLRQDOUHVXOWDGHFRQGLFLRQHV\FRQVWUXFFLRQHV KLVWyULFDV(VWRLPSOLFDTXHQLQJ~QJUXSRKXPDQRHVHVHQFLDORQDWXUDOPHQWHpWQLFR QDFLRQDORUDFLDOVLQRTXHODVFDWHJRUtDVUH¿HUHQDORVPRGRVHQTXHXQJUXSRVH YLQFXODDORVRWURVHQXQPRPHQWRKLVWyULFR´

/DP~VLFDHVFHQWUDODOHMHUFLFLRLGHQWLWDULRSRUVXJUDQGXFWLOLGDGSRUVXFDSD FLGDGGHLQWHUSHODUQRVOODPDUQRVGHVGHP~OWLSOHVVLWLRVDOJXQRVGHHVRVOODPDGRV SRGUHPRVUHVLVWLUORVSHURRWURVVLPSOHPHQWHQRQRVDWUDSDQFRQFRGL¿FDFLRQHV

+DOOVXJHUHQWHVTXHHQHVWHFDVRWHQGHPRVDGHFRGL¿FDUHQORVVHQWLGRV\ PDQHUDVTXHORVPHGLRVPDVLYRV\HO(VWDGRSURFXUDURQFDUJDUHQSULPHUDLQVWDQFLD

/RVGLVFXUVRVGHO*&1VRQUHLWHUDWLYRVHQODLGHDGHVLPXOWDQHLGDGGHOD¿HVWD HQODYLYHQFLDHQXQPLVPRWLHPSRHVSDFLRSRUSDUWHGHORVPiVGHPLOORQHVGH FRQQDFLRQDOHVHQORVPXQLFLSLRVGHOSDtV\HQSDtVHV(VWRQRVOOHYDDOD LGHDGHXQDFRPXQLGDGLPDJLQDGDFRPRODHQWHQGLHUD$QGHUVRQTXHYLQFXOD DXQRVFRQORVRWURVJHQHUDLGHQWLGDGODLGHDGHHVWDUUHDOL]DQGRVLPXOWiQHDPHQWH ODPLVPDDFWLYLGDGH[SHULPHQWDQGRODVPLVPDVHPRFLRQHV(OSXQWRQRHVTXHODV WUDGLFLRQHVSRUVHULQYHQWDGDVRODVFRPXQLGDGHVSRULPDJLQDGDVVHDQIDOVDVVLQR GHVFLIUDUTXpLQWHUpVKD\GHWUiVGHODLQYHQFLyQ\FRQTXpHVWLORVHLPDJLQDQODV PLVPDV

(O*&1HVXQDDSRORJtDDODPXOWLFXOWXUDOLGDGFRQFHSWRTXHVHHQFXHQWUDKR\ HVFLQGLGRGHELGRDTXHSRUXQODGRORVDFDGpPLFRVORFRQFLEHQHQWpUPLQRVG~FWL OHV\SRURWURDTXHORVPRYLPLHQWRVVRFLDOHVEXVFDQGRGHWHUPLQDGRVEHQH¿FLRV ³DEVROXWL]DQHOHQFXDGUHWHUULWRULDORULJLQDULRGHODVHWQLDV\QDFLRQHV\D¿UPDQ GRJPiWLFDPHQWHORVUDVJRVELROyJLFRV\WHO~ULFRVDVRFLDGRVDHVHRULJHQ>«@6X FDUiFWHUGHDUWHIDFWRFXOWXUDOSXHGHVLQWHWL]DUVHHQTXHODVQDFLRQHVQRFRQVWUX\HQ (VWDGRV\QDFLRQDOLVPRVVLQRTXHRFXUUHDOUHYpV´*ULPVRQ

(23)

PiWLFDVVRFLDOHV(VWHHVSHFWiFXOR¿OPDGRHQ4XLEGyFRQWRGRORTXHUHSUHVHQWDQ SDLVDV\FKRFRDQRVHQWpUPLQRVHFRQyPLFRV\pWQLFRVHVGLIXQGLGRPHGLiWLFD PHQWHQDFLRQDOHLQWHUQDFLRQDOPHQWHHQXQMXHJRSXEOLFLWDULRFRGL¿FDGRGHVGHORV YDORUHVGHODHTXLGDGODGHPRFUDFLDODLJXDOGDGHOELHQHVWDUODDOHJUtD(VGHFLU HVWHDUWHIDFWRHVDUPDGRMXVWRHQODLPDJHQGHODVFDUHQFLDVHQORVPXQGRVGHYLGD GHODVSHUVRQDV$VtHOULWXDOFHOHEUDWRULRGHORQDFLRQDOYDOLGDUtDHOVWDWXTXR³1R KD\LGHQWLGDGIXHUDGHUHODFLRQHVGHSRGHU'HODVGLYHUVDVFRQVWUXFFLRQHVVRFLDOHV GH³FXOWXUDV´HLGHQWLGDGHVDTXtQRVLQWHUHVDODQDFLyQHQVXVGRVGLPHQVLRQHV/D QDFLyQFRPRVHQWLGRGHSHUWHQHQFLDFRPRUHIHUHQFLDLGHQWLWDULD\ODQDFLyQFRPR XQDRUJDQL]DFLyQHVSHFt¿FDGHODKHWHURJHQHLGDG\GHVLJXDOGDG>VLF@HQXQDVRFLHGDG GHWHUPLQDGD´*ULPVRQ

'HQWURGHHVWDHODERUDFLyQGHODQDFLyQGHQWURGHOHMHUFLFLRGHWHDWUDOL]DFLyQ GHEHPRVEXVFDUORVLQWHUHVHVSROtWLFRV\HFRQyPLFRV1RHQYDQRQXHVWURSDtVFH OHEUyVXVDxRVVLQJUDQGHVHVIXHU]RVGHQWURGHODDFDGHPLDSRUSXEOLFDUOLEURV HLQYHVWLJDFLRQHVVLQPD\RULQWHUpVHQRWUDVPDQLIHVWDFLRQHVDUWtVWLFDVTXHFRQPH PRUDUDQHOELFHQWHQDULR\ODFRORPELDQLGDG15(OHVIXHU]R\HOUHFXUVRVHYROFDURQ

GHPDQHUDFDVLH[FOXVLYDKDFLDOD¿HVWDKDFLDHO*UDQ&RQFLHUWR16(VWRGHELGRDTXH

ODP~VLFD\ORVP~OWLSOHVHIHFWRVVLQHVWpVLFRVTXHSURGXFHVLUYHQ\KDQVHUYLGRSDUD TXHORVJUXSRVKHJHPyQLFRVPRQWHQXQYHORVREUHODGXUDUHDOLGDGHQORVPXQGRV GHYLGD\ORVPDQHMRVDPDxDGRVTXHKDQGDGRDOSDtV

6LQHPEDUJRQRHVTXHODVSHUVRQDVVHDQLPSiYLGRVHVSHFWDGRUHVGHODWULVWH IDUVDGHOperformanceGHODQDFLyQVRxDGD\QXQFDYLYLGDQRHVTXHFUHDQ\FRPSUHQ ORTXHHO(VWDGR\ORVSRGHURVRVOHVGUDPDWL]DQVDEHQPHMRUTXHQDGLHGHODSURIXQGD FRQWUDGLFFLyQLQKHUHQWHHQWpUPLQRVVRFLDOHV\HFRQyPLFRV6LQHPEDUJRGHPDQHUD FRQVFLHQWHVDELHQGRGHODVPX\OLPLWDGDVRSFLRQHVORYLYHQSHURFRQGLVWDQFLD \GHFLGHQDOHMDUVHGHODVGXUDVFRWLGLDQLGDGHVGHODYLROHQFLDGHOGHVSOD]DPLHQWR IRU]RVRGHOUDFLVPRGHODLQLTXLGDGGHODSREUH]D\ODPLVHULD'HFLGHQYLYLUORSUR EDEOHPHQWHFRPRHVSHUDQ]DGHTXHSXHGDPDWHULDOL]DUVHDOJ~QGtDHOPHQVDMHDOHJUH IHVWLYRGHLOXVLyQSRUXQDPHMRU&RORPELDTXHODVFDQFLRQHV\ORVPHQVDMHVGH ODWDULPDOHVHQYtDQ\OHVSURPHWHQ

15 (VWRFRQWUDVWDFRQRWURVSDtVHVFRPR0p[LFRGRQGHHO(VWDGRPRYLOL]yWRGDODSRGHURVDLQVWLWXFLyQ

DFDGpPLFDSDUDFHOHEUDUODIHFKD¿QDQFLDQGRSRUHMHPSORODSXEOLFDFLyQGHREUDVPDJQDVH LQYHVWLJDFLRQHV\DVtYDOLGDUVHSULQFLSDOPHQWHGHVGHODDFDGHPLD\QRGHVGHOD¿HVWD

16 (QHODUFKLYRTXHUHODFLRQDORVJDVWRVGHO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDHQQRVHGLVFULPLQDHO

(24)

'HVSXpVGHHVWHODUJRUHFRUULGRVHSDVDDUHYLVDUHOFRQFHSWRGHSDWULPRQLR EXVFDQGRKDFHUHYLGHQWHTXHDSHVDUGHTXHKHPRVDYDQ]DGRHQORVDUJXPHQWRVSRU YDULRVVLJORVODVDUJXPHQWDFLRQHVORVLQWHUHVHV\ORVVHQWLGRVQRVHDOWHUDQ

El patrimonio como eufemismo del folclor

Cuanto más cambia algo, más se parece a lo mismo.

$OSKRQVH.DUU

'HVGHXQDSULPHUDPLUDGDSRGHPRVHQFRQWUDUHQHOSDWULPRQLRODLGHDGHXQDKHUHQFLD UHFLELGDGHORVDVFHQGLHQWHVGHHVWDIRUPDSXHGHDVRFLDUVHDXQ³FDSLWDO´TXHGHEH WHQHULGHDOPHQWHXQYDORUGHXVRSHURLJXDOPHQWHHVSRVLEOHXQRGHFDPELR(VWR YLHQHGHVGHODVIRUPXODFLRQHVGHOD8QHVFRTXHKDFLDODPLWDGGHOVLJORXXWUDEDMy VREUHODLPSRUWDQFLDGHFRQVHUYDUSULQFLSDOPHQWHELHQHVLQPXHEOHVHQXQFRQWH[WR HXURSHRGHJXHUUD\GHFRORQL]DFLyQGHLJXDOPDQHUDFUHyFRQVHMRVLQWHUQDFLRQDOHV SDUDGDUOLQHDPLHQWRVDORVPXVHRV\VREUHODUHFROHFFLyQGHP~VLFDV+DFLD SRGUtDPRVHQFRQWUDUHOVXUJLPLHQWRGHOFRQFHSWRGH³SDWULPRQLRGHODKXPDQLGDG´ JUDFLDVDODFDPSDxDSDUDVHQVLELOL]DUDODRSLQLyQS~EOLFDHQUHODFLyQFRQHOGHV SOD]DPLHQWRGHORVWHPSORVGH$EX6LPEHOHQ(JLSWRSDUDUHVFDWDUORVGHODVDJXDV 3HURVRORVHUiHQFXDQGRDSDUHFHQODVSUHRFXSDFLRQHVIUHQWHDOWHPDFRPRODV FRQRFHPRVKR\TXHVHDSUXHEDOD&RQYHQFLyQVREUHOD3URWHFFLyQGHO3DWULPRQLR 0XQGLDO1DWXUDO\&XOWXUDO\HVGRQGHVHDVRFLDOD³FXOWXUD´DOiPELWRPDWHULDO 8QHVFR(QHVWHSXQWRHOFRQFHSWRDGTXLHUHVLQJXODUIXHU]DGHELGRDOSDSHO SURWDJyQLFRTXHVHOHRWRUJDHQDUDVGHUHVLVWLUFRQWUDUUHVWDUORVP~OWLSOHVIHQyPHQRV VRFLDOHVUHXQLGRVEDMRHOFRQFHSWRGH³JOREDOL]DFLyQ´ORVFXDOHVVRQSHUFLELGRV PD\RULWDULDPHQWHFRPRSHUMXGLFLDOHV\HQGHWULPHQWRGHODVFRPXQLGDGHVORFDOHV

+DFLDHQXQLQWHQWRSRUDFWXDOL]DUODLGHDSDWULPRQLDO\DOHMDUVHGHOD PDWHULDOLGDGFRPR~QLFDSHUFHSFLyQYiOLGDDSDUHFHODLGHDGH³LQWDQJLEOH´TXHUHIH ULUtDDODWUDGLFLyQKHUHGDGDGHJHQHUDFLyQHQJHQHUDFLyQYtDRUDOLGDG\TXHVHUYLUtD SDUDPDQWHQHUYtQFXORVFRQHOSDVDGR\XQVHQWLGRGHFRPXQLGDGHQHOSUHVHQWH

'HHVWDPDQHUD\HQXQLQWHQWRGHGH¿QLFLyQOD8QHVFRHQWUDHQXQHMHUFLFLR HQHOFXDOHQDUDVGHDEDUFDU\VHULQFOX\HQWHHOFRQFHSWRGHSDWULPRQLRSLHUGHHQ FRQFUHFLyQ\SXHGHUHIHULULQQXPHUDEOHVIHQyPHQRVHQORVPiVGLYHUVRVyUGHQHV+D\ FODUDVVLQWRQtDVWDQWRHQODGH¿QLFLyQFRPRHQODVSUREOHPiWLFDVDSDUHMDGDVFRQHO FRQFHSWRGHIROFORUFRQHOTXHSDUHFLHUDLJXDODUVH'H¿QHOD8QHVFRTXHHOSDWULPRQLR LQPDWHULDOGHEHVHUWUDGLFLRQDOFRQWHPSRUiQHR\YLYRTXHVLUYDDODLQWHJUDFLyQGH ODVFRPXQLGDGHV\TXHD\XGHDOD³UHSUHVHQWDWLYLGDG\UHFRQRFLPLHQWR´SRUSDUWH GHODVPLVPDV²TXHQRHVRWUDFRVDTXHXQDIXQFLyQLGHQWLWDULD²8QHVFR

(25)

VREUHODLGHQWLGDGQDFLRQDO¢4XLpQHVWDEOHFHTXpHVHOSDWULPRQLR\FXiOHVHOHPHQWRV KDFHQSDUWHGHOPLVPR"(YLGHQWHPHQWHHVWRVHMHUFLFLRVVHFUX]DQFRQODVYDULDEOHV GHSRGHU\ORVJUXSRVKHJHPyQLFRVHVWDUiQHQFDSDFLGDGGHLPSRQHUVXYLVLyQGHO PXQGR\GHIHQGHUGHVGHXQDSRVLFLyQSULYLOHJLDGDORVHOHPHQWRVTXHFRQVLGHUDQ SDWULPRQLDEOHVGHVXFRPXQLGDGDOPLVPRWLHPSRTXHQLHJDQXREVWDFXOL]DQRWURV DFRQWUDSLpFRQVXVLQWHUHVHVRFRQORVTXHQRFRPXOJDQ

(OPLHGR\HOHVWDWLVPRKDFHQSDUWHLQKHUHQWHGHODGH¿QLFLyQGHSDWULPRQLR

En la ,,,UHXQLyQGHPLQLVWURVGHFXOWXUDGHOD8QHVFRVHVHxDODDOSDWULPRQLRFRPR

IXQGDPHQWDOSDUDODLGHQWLGDGSULQFLSDOPHQWHGHLQGtJHQDV\PLQRUtDVTXHWHQGUtDQ ODLGHQWLGDGDQFODGDHQHOSDVDGR6LQHPEDUJRDXQFXDQGRLQWDQJLEOHOD8QHVFR ORPDWHULDOL]DHQVXFRQGLFLyQGHELHQSRVHtGRTXHSXHGHVHUVXVWUDtGR³/DtQGROH HItPHUDGHHVWHSDWULPRQLRLQWDQJLEOHORKDFHYXOQHUDEOH´\HVWDEOHFLGDODDQJXVWLD YLHQHDFWRVHJXLGRODSUHVFULSFLyQ³WRGRLQGLYLGXRHVSRUWDGRUGHOSDWULPRQLRGHVX SURSLDFRPXQLGDG/DVDOYDJXDUGLDGHHVWHSDWULPRQLRGHEHDUUDQFDUGHODLQLFLDWLYD LQGLYLGXDO\FROHFWLYD\UHFLELUHODSR\RGHODVDVRFLDFLRQHVHVSHFLDOLVWDVHLQVWLWX FLRQHV´%HUP~GH]

&RQWLQ~DQORVPLQLVWURVD¿UPDQGR³ODJOREDOL]DFLyQKDSURYRFDGRODGHVFRP SRVLFLyQGHPXFKDVFXOWXUDVWUDGLFLRQDOHV\SRSXODUHV&LHUWDPHQWHHOSDWULPRQLR FXOWXUDO LQPDWHULDO HVWi DPHQD]DGR SRU OD LQWHUQDFLRQDOL]DFLyQ GH ODV SROtWLFDV QHROLEHUDOHVSXHVWRTXHVRORHVWiQRULHQWDGDVSRUHOLQWHUpVGHOPHUFDGR´$SXQWR \VHJXLGRHQWUDQGHOOHQRHQODVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHV\WHQVLRQHVSURSLDVGHOFRQFHSWR ³FRPRORVRUJDQLVPRVYLYRVODFXOWXUDVHIRUWDOHFHFRQHOHQFXHQWURFRQRWURVPXQ GRV$EULpQGRVH\QRFHUUiQGRVHDFDSD\HVSDGDHVFRPRXQDFXOWXUDSXHGHÀRUHFHU \GHVDUUROODUVXVSRWHQFLDOLGDGHV1RGHEHPRVRSRQHUQRVDODLQWHUUHODFLyQGHORV SDtVHV\ODVUHJLRQHV´<XELFDQODVROXFLyQHQSODQRVLJXDOPHQWHDPELJXRVUHÀHMR GHOSURSLRDERUGDMH\GHODKLVWRULDGHOFRQFHSWR³/RV(VWDGRVGHEHUiQUHVJXDUGDUHO SDWULPRQLRQRPDWHULDOGHODFXOWXUDWUDGLFLRQDO\SRSXODU\XQLUEDMRXQVRORiPELWR GHPRFUiWLFRORVGLIHUHQWHVSDUWLFXODULVPRV´+HFKRHVWRVDOYDJXDUGDGRHOSDWULPRQLR LQPDWHULDOSRGUiHQWUDUHQORViPELWRV³JORFDOHV´17%HUP~GH]

/DVDOYDJXDUGDLPSOLFDTXHQXHVWUR³ELHQ´SDWULPRQLDOVHSXHGHSHUGHUGH¿QL WLYDPHQWHSRUORFXDOHVXUJHQWHWRPDUPHGLGDVGHUHVFDWH$OJXQDVLPSOLFDFLRQHV VRQSRUHMHPSORTXHXQDVHULHGHHOHPHQWRVGHORVPXQGRVGHYLGDTXHQRHUDQ UHÀH[LRQDGRVQLWHRUL]DGRV\VLPSOHPHQWHHUDQYLYLGRVVHREMHWLYDQ\VHLQVWUXPHQ WDOL]DQ&RQHVWH¿QORVPXQGRVGHYLGDVHGH¿QHQVHOHVGDHVHQFLDVHGHWLHQHQ HQHOWLHPSR\VHYDOLGDQLQGHSHQGLHQWHPHQWHGHODVLQLTXLGDGHVTXHSXHGDQHVWDU

17 (VWDV DPELJHGDGHV OOHYDQ D TXH HO FRQFHSWR GH SDWULPRQLR \ VX VDOYDJXDUGD SXHGD VHU

(26)

SUHVHQWHVHQODVFRPXQLGDGHV\GHODVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHVTXHSXHGHQWHQHUFRQODV VRFLHGDGHVPiVDPSOLDV

(QHVWHSXQWRH[LVWHXQDFODUDDVRFLDFLyQGHOSDWULPRQLRFRQORVFRQFHSWRV\ DFFLRQHVIROFORULVWDVTXHDXQFXDQGRLQVSLUDGRVHQLGHDVGHUHVFDWH\IRUWDOHFLPLHQWR GHORSURSLRGHORORFDOGHODVSDUWLFXODULGDGHVQDFLRQDOHV\ORFDOHVSXHGHQDVX YH]GHJHQHUDUHQDFFLRQHVHVHQFLDOLVWDVHQODFUHDFLyQGHHVWHUHRWLSRVFXOWXUDOHV SUHRFXSDUVHH[FHVLYDPHQWHSRUFUHDUWLSRORJtDV\OLVWDGRVOOHQRVGHFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV TXHQRGHEHQVHUFDPELDGDV

/DSDWULPRQLDOL]DFLyQ\HOIROFORULVPRWLHQGHQGHFLHUWDPDQHUDDODFUHDFLyQ GHEXUEXMDVTXHVRQGHWHQLGDVHQHOHVSDFLRWLHPSR\TXHVRQLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DGDV SRVWHULRUPHQWHSRUORV(VWDGRVRJUXSRVKHJHPyQLFRVHQSRVGHVXVSDUWLFXODUHV LQWHUHVHVGHWXUQR(OWXULVPRSRGUtDVHUHOPHMRUHMHPSORGHODLQHUFLDFRQWHPSRUi QHDSUHGRPLQDQWHHQHOGLVFXUVRSDWULPRQLDOGRQGHXQDVGHWHUPLQDGDVLGHDVGHOR TXHHVSDWULPRQLRVHLPSRQHQVREUHRWUDVPXFKDVSRVLEOHV\VRQLQVWUXPHQWDOL]DGDV HQSRVGHXVRVGH¿QLGRV\UHJXODGRVSRUORVJUXSRVTXHSRVHHQHOSRGHUGHGH¿QLU \HVWDEOHFHUORSDWULPRQLDO(QQXHVWURFDVRHVSHFt¿FRHO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDGH &RORPELDGDOLQHDPLHQWRV\RWRUJDUHFXUVRVGHPDQHUDGLVFULPLQDGDSULYLOHJLDQGR DVtFLHUWRVHOHPHQWRVTXHSDVDUiQDVHUSDWULPRQLRVREUHRWURVTXHVHPDQWHQGUiQ HQVHJXQGRVSODQRVOHMRVGHORVUHFXUVRVORVGLVFXUVRV\ORVHMHUFLFLRVPHGLiWLFRV

(ODUJXPHQWRGHIRQGRHQHVWDVSRVLFLRQHVHVODLGHDGHOD³DXWHQWLFLGDG´'HV GHODDUTXHRORJtDSDVDQGRSRUODYDOLGDFLyQGHOWXULVPRRODVWUDGLFLRQHVFXOWXUDOHV LQPDWHULDOHVORTXHVHYDORUDHVOR³DXWpQWLFR´(VWDSRVWXUDREMHWLYDGDSURWHFFLRQLVWD SRVHHVXVXVWUDWRHQHOURPDQWLFLVPRDOHPiQ\VXDIiQSRUHOIRONSRUXQDFXOWXUD QDFLRQDOTXHVHLPDJLQDDQFODGDDOSDVDGRHQORVJUXSRVDQFHVWUDOHV\VXVREUDV(V LPSRUWDQWHHQWHQGHUODVIXHUWHVFDUJDVGHOVHQWLGRIUHQWHDODLGHDGHREUDRVXVWUDWR RULJLQDODXWpQWLFRTXHEXVFDPDQWHQHUHO(VWDGRHQVXDSR\RDODP~VLFDODDUTXHR ORJtDODKLVWRULDODOLWHUDWXUDHODUWH\ODWUDGLFLyQ

(27)

QDFLyQLGHQWLGDG6HGHEHDEULUXQSURFHVRGHFRQVWUXFWLYRGHHVWHSDUDGLJPDGL YHUVDVGLVFLSOLQDV³FRLQFLGHQHQWUDEDMDUPiVGHVGHORVXVRV\ORVSURFHVRVTXHGH ORVSURGXFWRVHQVt´ORTXHKDSHUPLWLGRGHVFXEULU³ODVWUDPDVGHHVWDKLVWRULDGHORV VRQLGRVHQGHVQDWXUDOL]DUVXDSDUHQWHREYLHGDG\HQUHFRQRFHUVXFDUiFWHUFRQVWUXLGR HLGHROyJLFR´2FKRD

(O JUDGXDO GHVSOD]DPLHQWR GH OD WHUPLQRORJtD TXH GHVLJQD ORV HOHPHQWRV ORFDOHVFRQUHIHUHQFLDDOSDVDGRFXOWXUDIROFORUSDWULPRQLRLQWDQJLEOHHYLGHQFLD XQDUHFRQVWLWXFLyQGHODVUHODFLRQHVHQIXQFLyQGHODPHPRULDHQXQPRPHQWRHQ TXHODVLQHUFLDVXQLYHUVDOLVWDVJOREDOL]DQWHVDSUHPLDQGRQGHODVIURQWHUDVGHORV HVWDGRVQDFLyQ\ODVGH¿QLFLRQHVGHFXOWXUDTXHORVVXVWHQWDQVRQGHVD¿DGDVSRU ORVFRQWHQLGRVGHORVPHGLRVGHFRPXQLFDFLyQPDVLYRVGLIXQGLGRVSRUORVFLQFR JUDQGHVFRQJORPHUDGRVGHOHQWUHWHQLPLHQWRTXHKRPRJHQHL]DQRIHUWDVGHOLEURV P~VLFDVSHOtFXODV\WHOHYLVLyQSDUDHOJORER%DMRODOyJLFDGHOblockbusterHObest seller\HO³GLVFRGHSODWLQR´ODVQDFLRQHVVHHQFXHQWUDQHQXQDIXHUWHWHQVLyQHQWUH ODVWUDGLFLRQHVORFDOHVSURSLDV~QLFDVTXHOHVEULQGDQFRKHVLyQLQWHUQD\HODIiQGH LQVHUWDUDOJXQDVGHHVWDVGHQWURGHODµFXOWXUD¶XQLYHUVDOSDUDDVtORJUDUYLVLELOLGDG\ UHOHYDQFLD\DVtSRGHUGHVHPSHxDUXQSDSHOUHOHYDQWHGHQWURGHHVWHPDFURVLVWHPD

Conclusiones —¡Un patrimonio comunicativo!— ¿Hacia una tardomodernidad tradicionalista?

El medio de comunicación amor no es en sí mismo un sentimiento, sino un código de comunicación, de acuerdo con cuyas reglas se expresan, se forman o se simulan determinados sentimientos

1LNODV/XKPDQQ

/DWHQVLyQIXQGDPHQWDOORVEDQGRVORVpQIDVLV\ODDUJXPHQWDFLyQHQUHODFLyQDFRQ FHSWRVFRPRFLYLOL]DFLyQFXOWXUDpOLWHVSRSXODUPRGHUQLGDGWUDGLFLyQDOWDFXOWXUD IROFORUJOREDOORFDOPHGLiWLFRPDVLYRSDWULPRQLRHVWiQFRQQRVRWURVGHVGHKDFH YDULRVVLJORVFRLQFLGHQFRQHOGHVDUUROORGHOFDSLWDOLVPRORVLQWHQWRVGHFRQWUDSHVR DOPLVPR\ODLPSOHPHQWDFLyQGHORVQXHYRVYDORUHVTXHWUDHLQKHUHQWHV(QWHQGHU HVWDVUHODFLRQHVXELFDUORVDUJXPHQWRVHOWUDVIRQGRHSLVWHPROyJLFRGHORVFRQFHSWRV \ODVWHRUtDVDSDUHMDGDVVRQIXQGDPHQWDOHVHQODDQWURSRORJtD\ODVFLHQFLDVVRFLDOHV /RVPXQGRVGHYLGDGHORVVXMHWRV\ODVFRPXQLGDGHVVRQFRQVWUXLGRV\H[SOLFDGRVD SDUWLUGHpVWRVFRQFHSWRV1RHQYDQRORV(VWDGRVORVJUXSRVKHJHPyQLFRVODSROtWLFD \ODHFRQRPtDVHYDOHQGHHOORVSDUDYDOLGDUVXVDFFLRQHV\FRQVWUXLUORVHVFHQDULRV PiVDFRUGHVORVPiVYLVWRVRVGHFRUDGRVHQUHODFLyQFRQVXVperformances.

(28)

ULVPRV3DUDORVLOXVWUDGRV²KR\QHROLEHUDOHV²ODUD]yQODH¿FLHQFLDORVGDWRV ODVOH\HVODWHFQRORJtDORJOREDOHOHVSDFLRODLQPHGLDWH]ORVmass media son los

IHWLFKHVGHFXOWRGHOODGRFRQWUDULRORVURPiQWLFRV²KR\SDWULPRQLDOLVWDV²VHUHVLV WHQGHVGHORVVHQWLPLHQWRVORVYDORUHVODWUDGLFLyQHOIROFORUORORFDOHOWHUULWRULR ODSDFLHQFLDODVDELGXUtDODRUDOLGDG

6LQHPEDUJRWDQWRXQRVFRPRRWURVHQVXVLQWHUHVHVHVIXHU]RV\DQJXVWLDVSUR SLRVWLHQGHQDERUURQHDURHVFRQGHUORVHOHPHQWRVGHSRGHU\GRPLQDFLyQVHDSRUTXH VHYDOLGDQGHVGHODH¿FLHQFLDODXWLOLGDG\HOGHVDUUROOLVPRRVHDSRUTXHVHHVFRQGHQ ODVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHVHLPSRVLFLRQHVGHOSDVDGR&RPRSODQWHD5RGUtJXH]SDWULPRQLR ³HVXQOXJDUGHFRPSOLFLGDGTXHSDVDSRUDOWRHOKHFKRGHTXHORVPRQXPHQWRV\ORV PXVHRVVRQGHPDQHUDFRP~QWHVWLPRQLRVGHGRPLQDFLyQPiVTXHVLJQRVGHVROLGDUL GDG´GRQGHVHGHEHHQWHQGHUTXHODJOREDOL]DFLyQHVHOHVFHQDULRGRQGHVHLQVHUWDQODV UHODFLRQHVFRQWHPSRUiQHDV/DQHJDFLyQGHORDQWHULRUHVXQDQHFHGDG\FRUUHVSRQGH HQWRQFHV³GHMDUODLGHDGHODDXWHQWLFLGDG\GHORDXUiWLFRDXQODGR\UHFRQRFHUTXH HOSDWULPRQLRHVÀXLGR´5RGUtJXH]

/DSRVLFLyQREMHWLYDGHOSDWULPRQLRTXHSXHGHVHUSHUGLGRHVSUREOHPiWLFD\D TXHSRUXQODGRLGHDOL]DXQPRPHQWRGHOSDVDGR\SRVWHULRUPHQWHORSURSRQHFRPR SDUDGLJPDGHOSUHVHQWH$TXtKDEUtDTXHUHÀH[LRQDUHOSRUTXpGHODIHWLFKL]DFLyQ KLVWyULFD\VREUHODLQJHQXLGDGGHOHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRGHVXYDOLGH]DEVROXWDHQHOSUH VHQWH$GLFLRQDOPHQWHHVWDSRVLFLyQ³DXWHQWLFLVWD´QRVFRORFDIUHQWHDODGL¿FXOWDG GHODVXVSHQVLyQWHPSRUDO6HROYLGDTXHODVFXOWXUDVVRQHQWHVYLYRVHQFRQWLQXR PRYLPLHQWRGRQGHVHWUDQVIRUPDQVHHOLJHQQXHYRVHOHPHQWRV\VHUHFKD]DQRWURV FRPRHVOyJLFRDOLQFRUSRUDUGHEHQDUFDL]DU\HVWHFRQWLQXRQXQFDVHGHWLHQH

$OPDQWHQHUODSRVWXUDREMHWLYDDXWHQWLFLVWDIHWLFKLVWDWUDGLFLRQDOLVWDVHEXVFD SUHVHUYDUHVHREMHWRHVDDXWHQWLFLGDGHVRVXVRV\FRVWXPEUHVSRUORTXHVHGHWLHQH HOWLHPSRVHOHDERUGDFRPRDKLVWyULFR\SHUPDQHQWH6HHVWDEOHFHXQSDUpQWHVLV DOHMiQGRQRVGHODFRQGLFLyQKXPDQDFDPELDQWHDGDSWDEOH\VHULQGHFXOWRDXQHVFH QDULRDUWL¿FLDODUELWUDULRDOHMDGRGHODVFRWLGLDQLGDGHVFRQWUDGLFFLRQHV\WHQVLRQHV WDQWRGHOSDVDGRFRPRGHOSUHVHQWH

(OSDWULPRQLRHOIROFORUGHEHVHUSHQVDGRGHVGHVXVXVRVVRFLDOHVQRGHVGH XQDDFWLWXGGHIHQVLYDUHVFDWLVWDVLQRGHQWURGHODFRPSOHMLGDGVRFLDOGHORVPXQ GRVGHYLGD\VXVWHQVLRQHVVHGHEHHQWHQGHUFyPRHVWDVFRPXQLGDGHVVHLQYHQWDQ DSURSLDQ\KDFHQXVRGHVXKLVWRULD6DEHPRVKR\TXHODVWUDGLFLRQHVSXHGHQVHU

(29)

FRQVWUXLGDVLQYHQWDGDVRWHDWUDOL]DGDVVHJ~QODVQHFHVLGDGHV\FRQWH[WRVGHODV VRFLHGDGHVVLQGHPHULWDUVXLPSRUWDQFLDVLQTXLWDUOHVVX³DXWHQWLFLGDG´

(OSDWULPRQLRYLVWRHQHVWDIRUPXODFLyQQRHVFRVDGHHVSHFLDOLVWDVGHOSD VDGRHVGHLQWHUpVSDUDORVSURIHVLRQDOHVODVRUJDQL]DFLRQHV\ORVIXQFLRQDULRVHQ VXDIiQGHFRQVWLWXLUHOSUHVHQWH\SDUDODVP~OWLSOHVFRPXQLGDGHVGHLQGtJHQDV DIURGHVFHQGLHQWHVPHVWL]RVFDPSHVLQRV\FLWDGLQRVTXHGHEHQYLYLUHQPHGLR GHWHQVLRQHVYLROHQFLDVLQLTXLGDGHVSREUH]D\TXHQHFHVLWDQFRQWUDUUHVWDUODV\ UHVLVWLUODVHVWDEOHFLHQGRXQDLGHQWLGDG(VWDLGHQWLGDGVHFRQVWLWX\HDSDUWLUSRU XQODGRGHODVLQHUFLDVFXOWXUDOHVFRQWHPSRUiQHDVJOREDOHVPHGLiWLFDV\SRUHO RWURVXSDVDGRUHJLRQDOORFDOPiVHVSHFt¿FR'HHVWDPDQHUDVLORJUDPRVFRP SUHQGHUHOSDWULPRQLRGHQWURGHOFRQWH[WRODVWHQVLRQHV\SUREOHPiWLFDVHQTXH YLHQHLQVFULWRSDUDODVFRPXQLGDGHVHVWHSXHGHSDVDUGHXQHQWHDEVWUDFWROHMDQR ³GHORVDQWHSDVDGRV´DXQSUR\HFWRDFWXDOFHUFDQRTXHFRKHVLRQDTXHGDVHQWLGR DORVPXQGRVGHYLGD

'HEHPRVWRPDUGLVWDQFLDWDQWRGHODYLVLyQ³DXWHQWLFLVWD´GHOSDWULPRQLRTXH ORDVRFLDDREMHWRVGHVFRQWH[WXDOL]DGRVGHOSDVDGRFRPRGHODYLVLyQ³SURJUHVLVWD´ HQODFXDOHOYDORUHVWiFRQFHQWUDGRHQODRULJLQDOLGDG\HQODVLQQRYDFLRQHVDSDUH MDGDFRQHOSUR\HFWRPRGHUQR\VXFDUJDHYROXFLRQLVWD\GHVDUUROOLVWD'HVGHHVWD FRQFLHQFLDSRGHPRVFRPSUHQGHUTXHQXHVWURSDVDGRSUHVHQWH\IXWXURORFRQVWUXL PRVQRVRWURV\VHGHEHUHSHQVDUHVWDUHODFLyQGHVGHQXHVWUDVSURSLDVFRQGLFLRQHV GHVGHQXHVWURVFRQWH[WRV\FDUHQFLDVVLTXHUHPRVIRUWDOHFHUQXHVWUDLGHQWLGDG\ SRWHQFLDOL]DUQXHVWURVFDSLWDOHV

6LEXVFDPRVHVWDEOHFHUHOpQIDVLVHQODUHODFLyQFRPXQLFDWLYDHQWUHHOSDWUL PRQLR\ODFRPXQLGDGHQWHQGHPRVTXHpVWHQRH[LVWHHQXQVHQWLGR~QLFRPDWHULDO LQPXWDEOH\SRUWDQWRSHUIHFWDPHQWHSUHVHUYDEOHVLQRTXHKDEODPRVGHXQHMHUFLFLR GHLQWHUFDPELRHQWUHXQDFRPXQLGDG\HOHOHPHQWRRFRPSOHMRTXHHOORVGH¿QHQ ROHVHVGH¿QLGRFRPRVXSDWULPRQLR$OSRGHUGHVSOD]DUQRVGHHVWDFRQFHSFLyQ ³REMHWLYD´GHOSDWULPRQLR\HVWDEOHFHUQRVGHVGHXQD³FRPXQLFDWLYD´HQWHQGHPRV TXHHQHVWHVHQWLGRHVPyYLOFDPELDQWH\HQFRQVHFXHQFLDLQDSUHQVLEOHDODVSROt WLFDVSURWHFFLRQLVWDVGHORV(VWDGRVTXHVRQSURPXOJDGDVGHVGHOD8QHVFR6HUiDVt IXQGDPHQWDOHQWHQGHUHOSDWULPRQLRQRFRPRXQREMHWRPDWHULDORLQPDWHULDOQRGH PDQHUDHVWiWLFDQLFRPRXQOXJDUQLFRPRXQDOH\SRUORTXHSURSRQJRDFHUFDUQRV DpOFRPRDXQproceso comunicativo,FUX]DGRSRULQWHUHVHV\SRGHUHVGLIHUHQFLDOHV OOHQRGHWHQVLRQHVLPSRVLFLRQHVUHVLVWHQFLDV\QHJRFLDFLRQHV

5HIHUHQFLDVELEOLRJUi¿FDV

$FRVWD/ROLWD³(OYDOOHQDWR3DWULPRQLR,QPDWHULDOGHOD+XPDQLGDG´(QEl Diario Vallenato.

(30)

$QGHUVRQ%HQHGLFW&RPXQLGDGHVLPDJLQDGDVUHÀH[LRQHVVREUHHORULJHQ\ODGLIXVLyQGHO

nacionalismo)RQGRGH&XOWXUD(FRQyPLFD&LXGDGGH0p[LFR

%DUDNH5DIDHO%DUERVD&DUPHQ&DVDV0DUtD9LFWRULD0RUD)HUQDQGR5H\-HV~V6DDYHGUD /LEDUGR<HSHV*XVWDYR\=XOHWD$OHMDQGURPlan Nacional de Música para la Convi-vencia; Parámetros de Contenidos y Alcances para las Prácticas Colectivas de Coros, Bandas

\2UTXHVWDV´,QIRUPHSUHVHQWDGRDO0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDDFHUFDGHORVSDUiPHWURVSDUDOD

orientación, ordenamiento y estructuración de contenidos y alcances de los procesos de educación

PXVLFDOEiVLFDQRIRUPDOSDUDQLxRV\MyYHQHVHQHOSDtVTXHFRQVROLGHQODVSUiFWLFDVFROHFWLYDV GHFRURVEDQGDV\RUTXHVWDV&RPLVLyQFRPSXHVWDSRUORVH[SHUWRV6XWDWHQ]D%R\DFi>(Q OtQHD@KWWSZZZPLQFXOWXUDJRYFR"LGFDWHJRULD &RQVXOWDGDHOGHHQHURGH %DWXWD)XQGDFLyQInforme de Gestión 2010>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZIXQGDFLRQEDWXWDRUJ

&RQVXOWDGDHOGHVHSWLHPEUHGH

%DXPDQ5LFKDUGFolklore, cultural performances, and popular entertainments. 2[IRUG8QL

YHUVLW\3UHVV1HZ<RUN

%HUOLQ,VDLDKEl fuste torcido de la humanidad. Capítulos de historia de las ideas3HQtQVXOD

%DUFHORQD

BBBBBBBBBBBBVico y Herder: dos estudios en la historia de las ideas(GLFLRQHV&iWHGUD

0DGULG

%HUP~GH]6DULEl patrimonio cultural inmaterial, espejo de la diversidad. Notas de trabajo para la Mesa redonda III de ministros de cultura de la Unesco, DGCPI Diálogos en la acción, primera etapa >(Q OtQHD@ KWWSWUDEDMDHQFRQDFXOWDJREP[FRQYRFDDQH[RV(OSDWULPRQLR

FXOWXUDOLQPDWHULDOHVSHMRGHODGLYHUVLGDG3') &RQVXOWDGD HO GH HQHURGH

%ODQFR$UEROHGD'DUtR³'HPHODQFyOLFRVDUXPEHURV«GHORV$QGHVDOD&RVWD/DLGHQWLGDG FRORPELDQD\ODP~VLFDFDULEHxD´(QBoletín de Antropología. 8QLYHUVLGDGGH$QWLRTXLD

9RO1oSS

%RXUGLHX3LHUUHSociología y cultura. *ULMDOER&RQVHMR1DFLRQDOSDUDOD&XOWXUD\ODV$UWHV

0p[LFR')

&KDYDUUR%XLWUDJR6*DU]yQ*RUGLOOR**XHUUHUR*X]PiQ-0DUWtQH]&DPDUJR-0HGLQD-LPp QH]*5LDxR%DUUHUD(³6LJQL¿FDGRVFRQVWUXLGRVGHVGHODQXHYDP~VLFDFRORPELDQD FRPRIRUPDGHUHVLVWHQFLDFXOWXUDO´(QPsicología contextos, revista virtual del programa de Psicología. 8QLYHUVLGDG3LORWRGH&RORPELD>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZFRQWH[WRVUHYLVWDFRPFR

5HYLVWD0XVLFDB&RORPELDQDSGI&RQVXOWDGDHOGHHQHURGH

&RER3ODWD+HUQDQGR-RVp³1DFLRQDOLVPRUHYLVLWDGRHQHO)HVWLYDO0RQR1~xH]´(QRevista digital A contratiempo.&HQWURGH'RFXPHQWDFLyQ0XVLFDOGH*LQHEUD²&'0*²)XQGD

FLyQ&DQWRSRUOD9LGD>(QOtQHD@KWWSDFRQWUDWLHPSRELEOLRWHFDQDFLRQDOJRYFR"HGLFLRQHV UHYLVWDDUWFXORVQDFLRQDOLVPRUHYLVLWDGRHQHOIHVWLYDOPRQRQH]KWPO&RQVXOWDGDHO GHHQHURGH

&RQSHVConsejo Nacional de Política Económica y Social, República de Colombia, Departamento Nacional de Planeación, Fortalecimiento del programa nacional de bandas de vientos0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUD'136**,(9HUVLyQDSUREDGD%RJRWi'&>(QOtQHD@

KWWSZZZPLQFXOWXUDJRYFR"LGFDWHJRULD &RQVXOWDGDHOGHHQHURGH (OtDV1RUEHUWEl proceso de la civilización. Investigaciones sociogenéticas y psicogenéticas,

(31)

)XQP~VLFD³5HVHxDGH)XQP~VLFD\GHO)HVWLYDO0RQR1~xH]´(QPágina web de Funmúsica, una política cultural a favor de la música andina colombiana.>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZIXQPXVLFD

RUJSDJLQDVBJHQHUDOSDJLQDVBIHVWLYDOKLVWRULDKWPO&RQVXOWDGDHOGHVHSWLHPEUHGH *DUFtD&DQFOLQL1pVWRUCulturas híbridas, estrategias para entrar y salir de la modernidad.

*ULMDOER0p[LFR')

*ULPVRQ$OHMDQGURInterculturalidad y comunicación(GLWRULDO1RUPD%XHQRV$LUHV

+DOO6WXDUW³(QFRGLQJGHFRGLQJ´(QWorking Papers in Cultural Studies&HQWUHIRU

&RQWHPSRUDU\&XOWXUDO6WXGLHV(G&XOWXUH0HGLD/DQJXDJH/RQGRQSS +REVEDZP(ULF³,QWURGXFWLRQ,QYHQWLQJ7UDGLWLRQV´(Q+REVEDZP(ULF\5DQJHU7HUHQFH

(GVThe Invention of Tradition, &DPEULGJH8QLYHUVLW\3UHVV&DPEULGJH

/DERUDWRULR&XOWXUDOEl Festival el Mono Núñez/DERUDWRULR&XOWXUDO5HYLVWDYLUWXDOGHP~

VLFDFRORPELDQD>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZODERUDWRULRFXOWXUDORUJUHYLVWDIHVWLYDOHVUHGGHWDOOHV PRQRQXQH]KWP&RQVXOWDGDHOGHVHSWLHPEUHGH

0DQXDOSDUDOD*HVWLyQGH%DQGDV(VFXHODVGHP~VLFD'LUHFFLyQGH$UWHV±ÈUHDGH0~VLFD >(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZVLQLFJRYFR6,1,&3XEOLFDFLRQHV$UFKLYRV SGI&RQVXOWDGDHOGHVHSWLHPEUHGH

0DUWtQ%DUEHUR-HV~VDe los medios a las mediaciones, comunicación, cultura, hegemonía.

&RQYHQLR$QGUpV%HOOR%RJRWi

0DUWtQH]%HUQDO0DQXHODel bambuco a los bambucos. V Congresso Latinoamericano da Associaçao Internacional do Estudo da Música Popular IASPM-LA. >(QOtQHD@KWWSHVVFULEG

FRPGRF0XVLFD'((/%$0%8&2$/26%$0%8&26&RQVXOWDGDHOGH IHEUHURGH

0HMtD3DYRQ\*HUPiQ8QD¿HVWDDODPHPRULD*UDQ&RQFLHUWR1DFLRQDO9RFHVGHO

bicentenario.>(QOtQHD@KWWSJFQPLQFXOWXUDJRYFR&RQVXOWDGDHOGHHQHURGH

0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDPresupuestos del Ministerio años 2010>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZPLQFXOWXUD

JRYFR"LGFDWHJRULD &RQVXOWDGDHOGHVHSWLHPEUHGH

0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUDPresupuestos del Ministerio años 2011.>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZPLQFXOWXUD

JRYFR"LGFDWHJRULD &RQVXOWDGDHOGHVHSWLHPEUHGH

0LQLVWHULRGH+DFLHQGDCongreso de la República aprobó presupuesto de la nación para 2012, comunicado de prensa 50>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZPLQKDFLHQGDJRYFR&RQVXOWDGDHO

GHVHSWLHPEUHGH

0LxDQD&DUORV³/RVFDPLQRVGHOEDPEXFRHQHOVLJORxix´(QA Contratiempo, 0LQLVWHULR

GH&XOWXUD9ROIDVFSS

BBBBBBBBBBBB³(QWUHHOIRONORUH\ODHWQRPXVLFRORJtDDxRVGHHVWXGLRVVREUHODP~VLFD SRSXODUWUDGLFLRQDOHQ&RORPELD´(QA Contratiempo0LQLVWHULRGH&XOWXUD9ROIDVF

SS

BBBBBBBBBBBB$UL]D$OHMDQGUD$UDQJR&DUROLQDFormación artística y cultural: ¿arte para la convivencia? VII Encuentro para la promoción y difusión del patrimonio inmaterial de países iberoamericanos, Caracas, Venezuela.>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZJRRJOHFRPFRXUO"VD W U

(32)

0RUHQR3DXOD0DUFHODGran Concierto Nacional 2010. Voces del Bicentenario>(QOtQHD@

KWWSJFQPLQFXOWXUDJRYFRZSFRQWHQWXSORDGV3URJUDPDFLRQHV*&1SGI &RQVXOWDGDHOGHVHSWLHPEUHGH

1LHYHV2YLHGR-RUJHDe los sonidos del patio a la música mundo: semiosis nómadas en el Caribe. &RQYHQLR$QGUpV%HOOR%RJRWi

2FKRD$QD0DUtD³7UDGLFLyQJpQHUR\QDFLyQHQHO%DPEXFR´(QRevista digital A contra-tiempo.>(QOtQHD@KWWSDFRQWUDWLHPSRELEOLRWHFDQDFLRQDOJRYFR¿OHVHGLFLRQHVUHYLVWDSGI

UHYBBWUDGLFLRQJHQHURSGI&RQVXOWDGDHOGHHQHURGH

BBBBBBBBBBBB³0~VLFDVORFDOHVHQWLHPSRVGHJOREDOL]DFLyQ´(QEnciclopedia latinoame-ricana de sociocultura y comunicación.(GLWRULDO1RUPD%RJRWi

3DOHUPÈQJHOHistoria de la etnología 2, los evolucionistas. (GLWRULDO$OKDPEUD8QLYHUVLGDG

0p[LFR')

3ODQ1DFLRQDOGH0~VLFDSDUDOD&RQYLYHQFLDMinisterio de Cultura, Plan Nacional de Música para la Convivencia, Escuelas de música tradicional.>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZJRRJOHFRPFR

XUO"VD W UFW M T HVUF V VRXUFH ZHE FG YHG &&84)M$% XUO KWWS$) )ZZZPLQFXOWXUDJRYFR))LGFDWHJRULD'GRZQORDG'< HL $928 2H.$<MP47VR&<'J XVJ $)4M&1+]ZON4,/H9OQ5L:=-*]Y4 &RQVXOWDGD HOGHHQHURGH

BBBBBBBBBBBBPresentación-Resumen Gran Concierto Nacional, Mayo, Proyecto: Clarisa Ruiz Correal, Directora de Artes, Ministerio de Cultura.>(QOtQHD@KWWSJFQPLQFXOWXUDJRY

FRGHVFDUJDV5HVXPHQB0D\RB310&SGI&RQVXOWDGDHOGHHQHURGH

5DSDSSRUW5R\³5LWXDO´(Q%DXPDQ5LFKDUG(GFolklore, cultural performances, and popular entertainments,2[IRUG8QLYHUVLW\3UHVV1HZ<RUNSS

5HG¿HOG5REHUW5RVDV*UHJRULRWUDG³/DVRFLHGDGIRON´(QRevista Mexicana de Socio-logía.8QLYHUVLGDG1DFLRQDO$XWyQRPDGH0p[LFR9RO1oSS>(QOtQHD@KWWS

ZZZMVWRURUJVWDEOH&RQVXOWDGDHOGHIHEUHURGH

5HDOH*LRYDQQL$QWLVHUL'DUtR+LVWRULDGHOSHQVDPLHQWR¿ORVy¿FR\FLHQWt¿FRWRPRWHUFHUR

del romanticismo hasta hoy. (GLWRULDO+HUGHU%DUFHORQD

5REHUWVRQ5RODQGRGlocalización: tiempo-espacio y homogeneidad-heterogeneidad, Cansancio del Leviatán: problemas políticos de la mundialización(GLWRULDO7URWWD0DGULG

5RGUtJXH],OHDQD³7KH3ODFHVRI7UDGLWLRQ0RGHUQLW\%DFNZDUGQHVV5HJLRQDOLVP&HQWUDOLVP 0DVV3RSXODU+RPRJHQHRXV+HWHURJHQHRXV´(QThe New Centennial Review9RO1o

6SULQJSS

7DQJDULIH(VTXLYHO'DYLGLa nueva música colombiana: Identidad, nación e industria cultural.

7HVLVGHSUHJUDGRHQ6RFLRORJtD8QLYHUVLGDGGH$QWLRTXLD0HGHOOtQ

8QHVFRLa elaboración de una convención sobre el patrimonio.>(QOtQHD@KWWSZZZXQHVFR

Figure

Actualización...

Referencias

Actualización...