Inmigración en Cataluña: su influencia en la estructura y crecimiento de la población

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(16)

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“En términos relativos, los doce de cada mil habitantes que efectuaron una migración

durante la década, unos siete lo hicieron cambiando de región de residencia, mientras

que cinco se mantuvieron dentro de los límites provinciales. Cataluña recibirá más de

670.000 entradas desde el resto de España, por lo que se erigirá como receptora

principal -junto a Madrid y País Vasco- de unas corrientes migratorias territorialmente

muy desequilibrados y originados, en la mayor parte, en las regiones de Andalucía,

Extremadura y Castilla La Mancha”2UWHJD5LYHUD(QULTXH6RODQD0LJXHO

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(17)

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(18)

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“La crisis económica de los años setenta romperá con esta dinámica, lo que propiciará

el surgimiento de un sistema migratorio caracterizado, por una parte, por la disminución

los desplazamientos entre regiones y, por otro, por la diversificación de la estructura

espacial los flujos migratorios. (…). Este nuevo modelo se acabará de definir en los años

ochenta y noventa con la aparición de flujos de migración de retorno.”2UWHJD5LYHUD

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(19)

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“La entrada de población procedente del extranjero en España y Cataluña significó, en

un primer momento, un cierto resurgimiento de la migración interregional (…). Pero

también significó un cambio en la dinámica demográfica metropolitana, muy

especialmente de la ciudad de Barcelona y los municipios adyacentes, en la medida que

retroalimentará los procesos de desconcentración y suburbanización de la población

autóctona”2UWHJD5LYHUD(QULTXH6RODQD0LJXHO

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(21)

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³En 1888 se celebra la primera Exposición Universal de Barcelona, donde se manifiesta

la aplicación de la electricidad y el petróleo como nuevas fuentes de energía y la

diversificación de la industria barcelonesa en sectores como el químico, la construcción,

la metalurgia, o el alimentario. En 1870 se había iniciado la introducción de la

electricidad como fuerza motriz en las fábricas y en el alumbrado y en 1875 se construye

la primera central térmica en Barcelona. La incorporación de la mujer al trabajo es otro

factor decisivo en el crecimiento económico.

La revolución de los transportes conoce una nueva expansión con la invención del motor

de explosión interna y la aplicación de la electricidad en automóviles, aviones, trenes

eléctricos, metros y tranvías. En 1904 se constituye en Barcelona la Hispano Suiza,

(27)

fábrica de automóviles pionera en España, y en 1914 circula el primer coche construido

por Arturo Elizalde, de la Fábrica Española de Automóviles.´

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depresión sufrida por la economía española durante los años 1940 está estrechamente

relacionada con la política económica aplicada por el nuevo régimen. Los tres elementos

básicos de esa política fueron: una caída substancial de los salarios reales, el colapso

casi absoluto del comercio exterior y la intervención generalizada de los mercados

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Referencias

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