Ensenyament de la lectura i escriptura assistit per ordinador en alumnes amb discapacitat: Disseny i avaluació del programari "Divertext"

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(6) 1   283        .57 2. ;  .6, 2+8> .6.  4        9    .6-  4.     .62 4+$  =  .64 40       .2+  7%        9    .40  7.      .40  7..;   .40  7...#      .40 7..+    ;  .45 7.+     .75 7.0 .76  7.5(     .74 7.6'  ?       +,6  7+   +,4  7+.(< <   @  +,4  7+..(<   +,7  7+.+%       3  +.,  7+.0%        AB 1 C  +.+  7+.5%        A  C +.5   7++    +.-  7++.     B 1   +.2  7+++B  3  ++, 7++08     ++5 7++58    ++2 7++6         +0. 7++-%? =                 +05  7+0  ?         ? +54 .

(7) ., +60 .,.    +65 .,+ %                      1    +-.  ..# +40  .+3       3  +42  .039  +7.  .5%  0.0.

(8) F   '. 1# . ..      =    B = 3          .,,. +.     D 1 ? .,.. 0.     B 1 ? .,.. 5.      1 ? D 39    .,+. 6.      39    3   .,+. -.      39    3    .,0.       2              @ .,) ..  .+)    )           E   F   =          3        @ ., >     E    F) EF  E   F)    B  3 =    >      >  "       A      C  @ ..  .+    < <    )       )      3 =        )      =    .-,  4              @.5           E# F      .       3  )  >   E8        G    >   ) >         "   >            ?  A   +C      +            )       E     F)   =      0    3)         "         ?       0           )       )  =   5 E ;  F)  %   ; ?     ?)     6)-2.-. .

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

(10) .5              @ +0           E'  +F      .)0  6    >     )             =    3 3       )   +)5-        "   .-2  .6 I          )    =               =   ;   .20  .- I      E%  F) =         @ = >     .20  .2 I      E# F  .20  .4 I      E' F .20  .7 I         E'  .F        %)  ?    B 1 )  =   $)>3?      .20  +, I      E' +F8 %              )   $         )  #        .20  +. I   @ ..      E %  F     E% FE% F           )    .25  ++        1           E %  F  .2-  +0      .74  +5  ;   @  %$)  ;    )   3       +.,  +6  ;   @      %  $)           3)       3       +.. .

(11) +-(<  <   @             3  +.+  +2  ;   @      %  $)             ;@ B 1 )    3      +.0  +4(<  <   @                ;@ B 1  +.5  +7  ;   @      %  $)              ;@   )      3      +.6  0,(<  <   @                ;@     +.-  0.    ;)    %  $)            )=      B 1   +.4  0+:                   %  +.7  00:                   $++,  05    ;)    %  $)            )=   B  3   ++.  06:        "          3      % ++0  0-:        "          3      $ ++0  02    ;)    %  $)            )=         ;I   ++6  04:                %++- .

(12) 07:                $  ++2  5,    ;)    %  $)            )=         ++4  5.:                  %  +0,  5+:                  $ +0,  50    ;)    %  $)            )=            A            C +0+  55:           )             %  +00  56:           )             $ +05.

(13) F   . 1# .  .# B =     .5-  +J       @         .26  0J       @     #   .24  5J       @     '   .4,  6        ;   .46  -         9   8?  .42  2         9   .44  4         9    9  .47  7         9   =  .47  .,         9   %  .7,  ..         9  (  .7.  .+         9   $   .7+  .0         9  ( .7+  .5         9  ( .70  .6         9    .75  .-J         3   ;  .72  .2 :   @            %   3          +,7  .4 :   @            $   3          +,7.

(14)  .7#     ;    @  <      ;    ) % $  +.,  +, #     ;      @   <            3)  % $ +..  +.#     ;    @  <               ;@  B 1 ) % $  +.0  ++ #     ;      @   <                   ;@   ) % $  +.6 +0           B 1 )   % $  +.2  +5 #     ;               B 1 ) % $  +.4  +6      B  3 ) % $  ++,  +-#     ;      B  3 )  % $  +++  +2           ) % $  ++5  +4#     ;           )  % $  ++-  +7          ) % $  ++4  0,#     ;          )  % $  ++7  0.  A =       C            ) % $  +0.  0+ #     ;                 ) % $ +0+.

(15) 00        8    +0-  05           +04  06             +04  0-        =     +5,  02        %     +5.  04       (    +50  07        $     +50  5,       (    +55  5.       (    +5-  5+            +52  50 %         %8#)              ?)     +6,  55 %         %8#)              ?)     $  +6+ .

(16) F    . (     + J  (  K >    K       3D           L  0 /3      ;         5 (              6 ( B3=            -               )  M    8? =         2               )  M     =         4               )  M    9 =         7               )  M    =  =         .,            ) M  %  =         ..               )  M    ( =         .+               )  M    $  =         .0               )  M    ( =         .5               )  M    ( =       .

(17) .6               )  M     =        .

(18) G . (       .                 .                                            !" "  #         "         !              $                     %                          &&            %     $        .         .             !                   .  $  .            &                          "  "  &    "                     &                '          "            "                         (                  .     )       .                          !"           "                                    "        .    .          %           *   "#    !   #    " &   "   !" . G.

(19)                "+, - .//01*2' 344315 5 *2' 344678                   "            9            % :   #    #   (                    #                           !        ;              %        2     .  .  $     " "            #  :   %            !"             #       +< <.     =  ,   .//> =.   .//?.//?1@5 @ 34441A 344.1. < ! *  344315 @34461'  2B  < '- C 344>1*D!344>7(           ; B +  <. .//>7      .   .            +        E         7          $              F=('.                         E "       "            .           +   . %7=   "+  <. (  .//G7.      F=('    8 &%# A> NNKKK   NONC <  &    9 = %     #     P    A;         $   ' B      )      Q     #  )  &    $     '   $ >  Q C)        )=              )  <   B      )   ; )        )    ) ) =       9=  < =    ) < 3D    .. . H.

(20) ;  "    ; B    #  #                              "     !             .        . $                                                 "   "      ;  B                 $     "             +@ 5   @ 344415 @34467    < =,  +.//>7=<.   .   +.//?.//?7=   .                "  ; B +   <. .//>1  <. (  .//G7  . (  +    8 ! .//.7  ". .       .    3>                       E              %       $        .                .  % ;              "      $ ;   #          ;  B                       .           .  &     .      .       "                  %   ; B            %    ;         &       .    "   & .                .  .  9                 & +< -H './//1* =-344.7  ;   #   :   I. . J. I.

(21)   ; B    B   &         &  ;    &      ".     .             &             &   "       .  . %.       ;  B                        ! $     #                 #  8                              K       %                        +& E    7       L                        2  M N                 & E               $                          !   '                     ;               %      . .     9   .   %   "               9   " & E   ;      ;                             #                            . % ".                           .              (    .        ".  .             .               . A.

(22)      "         !           "  #   $          "     "       "   "  &         .  .                %                                 "     %     ;  +. .7    . .    "  ;          E            )     $  "  ;   # 9          %        ;                          E   . . .        .       .      .   .  1     . .                  . .  1              "         !" %            .                        .  "                   "                :   ;                         .            "( .   "           E             F=(' #      "    ;                        *D!+344>7$                O           "           +P   5  344>1 P  5   @ 344G   "7 . J.

(23) $         "   ;                  E    +            7  !      " +      " 7    ? O.G 0 +.3 >   7(                                "   + 6> 7      6  /               .    + .    G3 7$          ;         .      E         .   E    3.O3+   > #  .?>7             #         .  .  (              .  .   %                                          .    #  : .        %  .   "     . #           "             "          P  -+./G37              #             .          "    %   .   +5 ./?/7 "     "                 ;  =                &             #                 "             !   %      "   "  &  (&                                            "   .  +-./?415 ./?61  .//G1  @. .//01= 34467  "      . K.

(24)   &       !"                                 #   M%     +<-.//>7  $  "         "         #    "         .                 ;   .        "         #      "    "    "  !   "                      *    *  +34467             #    "                          B                   &     L  &       $       #   L              =  "    # .      M   .            "   F            #                                         ! %       (      " <. +.//O7  * +34467.      # 2    !                       $                               "    &     "         B  9  :           "   .      .                  +* 34467 . L.

(25) $  .            !    .    &    3 G  &     M G&    "      %    . 8       &  3       .     "              "    "   !           $    &   6    !   "            E       "  "        $  &  O    "          $ &  > #       !"   .      %          .         "   .        .  $ &  G            !"        "          . .   $    &                      "          "                   .                 . %      M    .                              %  :          !"  $  "  & &  0             $ &  ?     "      "    % ;       "                      .   .   "             $ &  /  #     "   ;           E                 "              "       .   $   . &   .4                 "    &          &  ..           $    &   .3         !     %     "       .    . @.

(26)        Q      &   .6  .O        %  . . . M.

(27)      1 &. . GN.

(28) H . &. . =      %       )  ; ) > > =      3 )                      3       QB   $       > 3                ?= ) =                  )     3    ). ; 3      )   3 .         )            QB)= 3 B        )     1      3 B  . E'    . <).   RF).      E.  )   SF)      E SF) 3  $  EB ) ED D F)   =  >     ) $ F E   )= <  F)  QB      Q    )     = 3    E%>S)  Q  QB.  < <     ) B =     ) QBSF E8 $ SF)      E8$  )=9<      (  ?    ;    ) RF E/  3 RF)     8 $ )         B )       ?     )             ) E  =   ? SF 8    3 )E  ( SF)QB3   E:)   < $)   $ F ) E . (<  $ $ G;  )   $ F.     , & 5       .  .              &                    &    5 .    .    , &$    #           . #               . GG.

(29)          !"C  :  C 2C   C  *               -                       !  5  , &               "                               (    .        #  " .             !      "                            +P  -./0/1-./?415 .//.1  .//G1' 344.1' 344.1' $.  RPD!34437   #.            "2         P  -+./0/7    #     "            #       #                 ;                    !"         .    L            #   .       "     !""                 F         P  -          &    ; .   "  .             #          !";                      "     :         +  .     %    .  #  . .  S7    " Q    .    "    !"       &      "  !        (                 . GH.

(30)       .    "      .  " .     !"               C    .            M%   .    &             % C      & "            "      &       (       "   #                 #   L      $           "        .         ' . +.//.7      9      "        #         : "                           #  =  (    $.   +.//?7.                                         .   .   E                          %     !"          E   $   &                               &        "       K                "   )                   "                 $   M%                "     . .    .  .   .   .   . +, -344.344>7    "          "    .  . % "     (&  &                      .    .   9  "   = ":    . GI.

(31)         .      .   "8                              2           .  8       .  %    9            2                                 . #     . & +' '  T @.//37F            !             "    #  "           +5  . B34441' $.  RPD!. 34431= *  344>7  $     .  "      "       .            $            E        #                        "    &                       *            &         2       . "          .         (        .        . %         .   %     .           "      A    #         &  #     &                                     %                               &                % ;        " . . GA.

(32) ;              .             .        9                                         (    .    !  .     .       "                   "         %        &          $                             E                                  =             !                2 %  &       .             .    +*  A ./?G1Q .//61* .//G7; C 5 .  <  .  ' +344.7U +344.7.          "          &       "            #               "   %      *                      " "         .                 !".         # %    %     !                    &         +    H  2*  .//61 B     =J  .//61 5  .//?1 5   @ 34467 '                 "               "                         +5 @ 34461'  2B  < '-C 344>7*                    . GJ.

(33)         %       $                 E      .    ! . .     .                        .            .   9                    +5 .//?H 344.1Q  344O7$  &    "    "                "       @ *D !+.//O7< D. !2P A !. +344.7 7                "              "&                  "   %       %     F      %                              .  P  - +./G37.   &         .      "    $                        ;   .  . &             !    . :              .        &+      7$     &           !                  +        7$   !  &   !               + !      7$               &       %              !          #  !    (             P  +./0/7        "                                 .   ( . GK.

(34)      &             +5.//G7$                     %                   %              "                               Q    2      &               #                 8     .         .    ! . .      "               $        !                !         ;     5  +./?67   #         E                     & "     8      "              #        #               &          F    "    &        :     .           . #      "  ;                              .            .          ".   V     .              .      "                    %     "                     +, !D ! 8  .//37 ;             9                  2 . GL.

(35)             .           E  .       "        ".         += .//67  $              #                  .  "          .      !   %      "   "  &  K                                                            +; 5J  .//47 F                                      "     &           .                !".           9      .       .   E   +  @.//01  @P ,#.//01P 34431 ,#34461P   @344O7(   %    "                !"+@.  . ./?67                          E            !         (                                        #           !2        &                     8               #     "         .   . + 7      $  '  +.//.7         &       "  #           "       .  K   .          "   . G@.

(36)   9   "             "                             !   $             #        &                 .    "  .            .     #       :  M% . C2@2(  <-+.//>7           !      "      = M%             .           ".                   '         "      M%                       C                    "                 "           $     %            "      #               5  +./?G7                      M%  C2@2(      &                  ; B. !+./?07   .           .     .                         !2      !                 F                         "                   "            !         %                  V             . GM.

(37)   2 %         .   .   +' ./??1=-.//G.///1* 34441B & * 344.7                   "                "           . .      ".     (        &                           "                                        !                +;5J ./?01* .//37  F                                  ;    = ! +344.7= +34467              %                             &          .  ; . .                               "     +                     # 7;           "                       #  +              2       7  B                    9                 .    #               .     "              "          2 +B.//01'    =  .//?1 =  ./?G ./??  34467 $          .            2     .        %  . P  +./?07 .               . HN.

(38)               V         #   !            %           "       +B & * 344.1 = ! 344.7  $  ;                                                   %          .      .     .           +@5 (  5P  344O . 37$ ;              .        %         !         %     %      (              "  ;                "            "   "V           .       #     +M%  C2@2(7     .           .    .                 "       " "  (  "                         E    %                       $    %      .   :.  M% C2@2(      "8  !       .    W $  ;         .               %        . .    .      '                          " . HG.

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