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TERRITORIO MEMORIA Y EXPERIENCIA Xavier Ribas

UPV, Feb 2010

“Space begins because we look away from where we are” Gus Blaisdell

La observación del territorio, tanto de sus componentes naturales como construidos, está íntimamente relacionada con la fotografía. De hecho, muchas de las imágenes experimentales de los inicios de la técnica fotográfica son representaciones del espacio exterior desde ventanas de edificios o vistas de los edificios mismos. Después del retrato como práctica social y artística de la fotografía, la

representación del espacio y del territorio, en sus formas más originales o convulsas, ha sido desde sus inicios, una de las práctica predominantes de la fotografía, bien como base para una meditación sobre la belleza de la naturaleza, o para una reflexión en torno a la identidad de la cultura.

Tradicionalmente, la representación fotográfica del territorio suele responder a una mirada distante, horizontal, objetiva, como ‘hacia afuera’, sugiriendo la separación entre el observador y el territorio. Estos ‘paisajes fotográficos’ de carácter más o menos topográfico, tienden a sugerir una experiencia del territorio basada más en la enajenación que de pertenencia, como si el territorio fuera para el fotógrafo algo se puede ‘observar’ más que ‘habitar’. Este taller propone una alternativa a esta mirada distante, apuntando hacia experiencias y representaciones fotográficas del territorio a partir de una relectura del espíritu nómada del land-art y de los procesos creativos performáticos de autores como Ana Mendieta, Robert Smithson, Richard Long, Denis Oppenheim, Perejaume o Andy Goldsworthy entre otros, y de las experiencias territoriales urbanas de colectivos como Transurbancia o Stalker.

Bibliografía

Adams, R (1996) Beauty in Photography, Aperture

Andrews, M (1999) ‘Land into Landscape’ from landscape and Western Art,

Augé, M (1995) Non-Place. Introduction to An Anthropology of Supermodernity, Verso Baber, Barber,

Bachelard, G (1994) The Poetics of Space (1958) Beacon Press Barber, S (1995) Fragments of the European City, Rouletge Benjamin, W (2009) One-Way Street (1928), Penguin Books Benjamin, W (2004) Libro de los Pasajes (1939)

Bolton, R. (ed.) (1989) The Contest of Meaning, M.I.T. Press

Bright, D (1992), “Of Mother Nature and Marlboro Men: An Enquiry into the Cultural Meanings of Landscape Photography’. En Richard Bolton, ed; The Contest of Meaning, M.I.T. Press Burgin, V (2004) ‘La ciudad en pedazos’ (1992). En Ensayos, Gustavo Gili

Campany, D (2006), “Pensar, no pensar y pensar de nuevo la fotografía”. En VVAA, Cruce de Caminos. Sobre Arte y Fotografía, La casa Encendida, Madrid

Campany, D. (ed.) (2003) Art & Photography, Phaidon

Careri, F (2002) Walkscapes. El andar como práctica estética, Gustavo Gili Cauquelin, A (1989) L’invention du Paysage, P.U.F

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Cotton, C. (2004) The Photograph as Contemporary Art, Thames & Hudson Crang, M and Thrift, N (ed) (2000), Thinking Space. Routledge,

Davis, M (1990) City of Quartz. Excavating the Future of Los Angeles, Verso

Davis, M (2002), Dead Cities, New Press

de Certeau, M (1988) ‘Walking in the City’. En The Practice of Everyday Life (1974) Foucault, M (1967), De los espacios otros (versión castellana en la red)

Koolhaas, R (2007) La ciudad genérica (1997), Gustavo Gili Kolhaass, R (2007) Espacio basura (2002), Gustavo Gili

Lefebvre, H (1991), The Production of Space. Blackwell Publishing

Mitchel, D (1995) The Lie of the Land, University of Minesota Press Poe, E.A, El hombre de la multitud

Ribalta, J (ed) (2004), Efecto Real. Debates posmodernos sobre fotografía, Gustavo Gili Schama, S (1996), Landscape and Memory, Harper Collins

Sennett, R (1994), Flesh and Stone. The Body and the City in Western Culture. Faber and Faber Sinclair, I (2003) London Orbital, Penguin

Smithson, R (1996) The Collected Writings. UCP

Smithson, R (2006) Un recorrido por los monumentos de Passaic, Nueva Jersey (1967) Soja, E (2000) Postmetropolis. Blackwell Publishing

Stahel, U. (2003) Well, What is Photography? Fotomuseum Winterthur, Scalo. Wells, L. (ed.) (2004) Photography: A Critical Introduction, Third Edition, Routledge. Wells, L. (ed.) (2003) The Photography Reader, Routledge.

Imágenes

1. Introduction

Jacob van Ruisdael, Views of Harlem with Bleaching Grounds (c1665) Antoine Watteau, L’Embarquement pour Cythère (1718)

Caspar David Friedrich, El caminante sobre el mar de nubes (1818) John Costable, The Hay Wain (1880)

Joseph Nicephore Niepce, View from a Window at Gras, c 1826 Fox Talbot, The Ladder, plate XIV of The Pencil of Nature (1843) Désiré Charnay, Cités et Ruines Americaines (1862-63)

Ferrocarril en el puente, Anonymous, c 1870 (Colección Universidad de Navarra) Eugène Atget, From Atget: photographe de Paris, Edited by Berenice Abbott (1930) Portrait of Atget (1857-1927) by Berenice Abbott (1927)

Eugène Atget, dos vistas de París

J. J. Mayal, The Christal Palace at Hide Park, London (1851) Thomas Annan, The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow (1900)

Jacob A Riis, How the Other Half Lives: Studies among the Tenements of New York (1890) Peter H Emerson, Gathering Waterlilies. From Life and Landscape on the Norfolk Broads (1886) John Muir in Yosemite National Park, c1900

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C.L.Weed, Tu-Toch-Ah-Nu_Lah, 1859 Albert Bierstadt, The Yosemite Valley, 1868 Carleton Watkins, Mirror view of El Capitán, 1872 Carleton Watkins, Cathedral Rock, 1865-66

Carleton Watkins, Union Point, Yosemite Valley, 1863 Edward Muybridge, Union Point, Yosemite Valley, 1872

Geo Fiske, Union Point, The Sentinel, Loya, El Capitán and Valley, 1890s Ansel Adams, Pictures from Yosemite National Park, circa 1950s

Ansel Adams, Autumn Moon, 1948

John Muir, JOhn Wayne and anonymous tourist Autumn Moon remake

2. Territorio y Memoria I. Erosión y sedimentación

Robert Adams, The New West (1974) Lewis Baltz, Candlestick Point (1987) Lewis Baltz, Park City

Bernd and Hilla becher, Esculturas Anonimas. Una Tipologia de Estructuras Técnicas Stephen Shore, Uncommon Places (1982)

Jean-Marc Bustamante, Tableaux (1978-1982) Jean-Marc Bustamante, Bitter Almonds (1997) Jean-Marc Bustamante, Something is Missing (1998)

Installation of Jean-Marc Bustamante’s Something is Missing (1998) in the Tate Modern London 1999 Manolo Laguillo, Diagonal, 1988

John Davies, The British Landscape (1979-2004) Richard Misrach, The Desert Cantos

Richard Misrach,

Bravo 20. The Bombimg of the American West. Creating the North American Landscape (1990) Thomas Struth, Avenue Devin du Village, Geneva 1989

Thomas Struth, South State Street Apartments III, Chicago 1990 Thomas Struth, South State Street Apartments II, Chicago 1990 Thomas Struth, Campo dei Fiori, Rome 1984

Thomas Struth, Campo dei Fiori, Rome 1984 Thomas Struth, Dallas Parking Lot, 2001

Edward Burtinsky, China (old China and new China) Jem Southam, Rockfalls Rivermouths, Ponds (book cover) Jem Southam, Rye Harbour, River Rother, 1 April 1999 Jem Southam, Cuckmere Haven, 1999

Jem Southam, River Hayle, 9 January 2000

Jem Southam, Clevedon Blind Yeo, 16 January 2000 Jem Southam, Brampford Speke, 1996 and 1998 Jem Southam, The Painter’s Pool 28th May 2003

Jem Southam, Whale Chine, Lower Greensands, February 2000 Jem Southam, Rockfalls

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Thomas Joshua Cooper, Dreaming the Gokstadt (1988)

Thomas Joshua Cooper, The Diamond Rock. The River Findhorn Mrayshire, Scottland 1997. From the series. The River Works

Thomas Joshua Cooper, Boca Chica. The Mouth of Rio Grande at the Gulf of Mexico, Texas, Mexico Border 1996-97. From the series. The River Works

Thomas Joshua Cooper

Clouded Moonlight - South, South West - The Mid North Atlantic Ocean, Cabo Trafalgar, Spain 2003-2004. From the series Point of no Return

Thomas Joshua Cooper, North - The Mediterranean Sea, Cap Blanc, # 2, Tunisia 2004. From the series Point of no Return

Hiroshi Sugimoto, Seascapes Bleda y Rosa, Campos de Batalla Bleda y Rosa, Ciudades

Bleda y Rosa, Orígenes Sophie Ristelhueber, Fait Sophie Ristelhueber, West Bank Sophie Ristelhueber, Blow Up

Javier Ayarza, La estrategia del avestruz

Gert Jan Kocken, Defacing. Anna Retable, Utrech, Defacement 7 March 1580

Gert Jan Kocken, Defacing, Madonna with Child and Donnors, Zwolle, Defacement 17 June 1580 Gert Jan Kocken, The Past in the Present

Gert Jan Kocken, Amsterdam Matt Packer, Ice Rink (2009) Ulrich Gebert Amerika (2006)

3. Territorio y Memoria II. Narraciones

Michael Schmidt, Waffenruhe (1987) Volker Heinze, Ahnung (1989) Gosbert Adler, Sog, 1990

Paul Graham, New Europe (1993) Rut Blees Luxemburg, Liebeslied 1997

Joachim Koester, Occupied Plots, Abandoned Futures (2007) Joachim Koester, The Kant’s Walks (2005)

Joachim Koester, The Kant’s Walks. Installation view Joachim Koester, The Travel of Jonathan Harker (2003) Joachim Koester, Bilaowieza Forest (2001)

Sven Johne, Ship Cancellation (2004). Installation view in the exhibition Traces, Fundació Fotocolectania, Barcelona March 2009

Sven Johne, Ship Cancellation (2004) Sven Johne, Vinta (2004)

Sven Johne, Kleistner’s Archiv, 2006, detail

Roni Horn, Still Water. Ther Rives Thames, for Example (1999- )

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Mathew Buckingham, One Side of Broadway (2005)

Lara Almarcegui, The Ruined Buildings in the Netherlands s XIX - XIX Lara Almarcegui, Making a Wasteland

Lara Almarcegui, Un descampado en la Ribera del Ebro (Open Ground on the Banks of the Ebro), 2008

4. Territorio y Experiencia. Cartografías del cuerpo y del territorio.

Menhir de Kerloa, Bretagne Rousseau – Goethe

Hamish Fulton, Geese Flying South (1990) Hamish Fulton, Installation photograph of Sleep Hamish Fulton, Warm Dead Bird (1990)

Hamish Fulton, January 2009, Fulton led a group walk around Canterbury city walls Hamish Fulton, A four day coastal walk, 1980.

Hamish Fulton, installation view, Maureen Paley, 2005 Hamish Fulton, Geronimo Homeland (2006)

Richard Long, A Line Made by Walking, 1967 Richard Long, Text for exhibition in Bristol, 2000

Richard Long, A Line and Tracks in Bolivia. An Eleven Day Crossing and Re-crossing a Lava Plain, 1981

Richard Long, River Po Line, 2001

Richard Long, Dartmoor Riverbeds. A Four-Day Walk Along all the Riverbeds Within a Circle on Dartmoor, 1978

Richard Long, A Circle in the Andes, 2001

Surrealistas. Visita dadaísta a Saint Julien-le-Pauvre, 14 de abril de 1921 Robert Smithson, A Tour Around the Monuments of Passaic, New Jersey (1967) Robert Smithson, Mirror Displacements (1969)

Robert Smithson, Broken Circle, Emmen, Holland (1971) Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty (1970)

Michael Heizer, Double Negative (1970)

Ana Mendieta, Untitled (Self-Portrait with Blood) 1973 Ana Mendieta, Hotel Principal (1973)

Ana Mendieta, Silueta series (1978) Hans Breder, Body Sculpture, 1973

Andy Goldsworthy, Laid down, waited, left a dry shadow. Haarlemmerhout, Holland 29 August 1984 Andy Goldsworthy, River

Andy Goldsworthy, Snowball Middleton Woods, Yorkshire 29 April 1981

Andy Goldsworthy, Grass stalks Swindale Beck Wood, Cumbria 26 November 1981 Andy Goldsworthy,

Rainbow making bright windy sunny days hitting the water with a large stick River Wharfe, Yorkshire 22 December 1980

Andy Goldsworthy, Beech leaves collected only the deepest orange from within the

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Andy Goldsworthy, Beech leaves collected only the deepest orange from within the

undergrowth protected from sunlight unfaded each leaf threaded to the next by its own stalk Hampstead Heath, London 26 December 1985

Andy Goldsworthy, Ice arch Hampstead Heath, London 30 December 1985 Dennis Oppenheim, Reading Position for Second Degree Burn, 1970 Dennis Oppenheim, Annual Rings, 1968

Dennis Oppenheim, Accumulation Cut, 1969 Dennis Oppenheim, One Hour Run, 1968

Francias Alÿs, Paradox of Praxis 1 (Sometimes Making Something Leads to Nothing) 1997 Francis Alÿs: Seven Walks, 2005

Francis Alÿs: Green Line, 2005

Francis Alÿs, Still from When Faith Moves Mountains, 2002 Jordi Calafell, El Paisatge I la Memòria (1996)

Jordi Calafell, Itineraris de Trànsit (2008) Jordi Calafell, L’espant de l’alpinista (1996) Jeremy Millar, A Firework for W G Sebald (2005) Christian Boltanski, Sachlich

Sophie Calle, from the series La Fillature (1981) Sophie Calle, from the series Suite Vénitienne (1980) Michalis Pichler, New York Garbage Flag Profile (2006) John Gossage, from Thirteen Ways to Miss a Train Olafur Eliasson, The Fault Series (2001)

Olafur Eliasson, The Glacier Series (1999) Olafur Eliasson, The Path Series (1999) Stalker (Francesco Careri)

http://www.stalkerlab.it/ Osservatorio Nomade (Italy) http://www.osservatorionomade.net/

Observatori del Paisatge (Joan Nogué) - Observatori Nòmada Barcelona http://www.catpaisatge.net/cat/index.php/

Walking as Knowing as Making

http://www.walkinginplace.org/converge/others.htm Post-it City

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