COLEGIO DE BACHILLERES PLANTEL 19 ECATEPEC GUÍA DE ESTUDIO INGLÉS IV (401)

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COLEGIO DE BACHILLERES

PLANTEL 19 ECATEPEC

GUÍA DE ESTUDIO

INGLÉS IV

(401)

(PROGRAMA DE ESTUDIO 2009)

ALUMNO:_______________________________________

ASESOR:________________________________________

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INTRODUCCIÓN

La presente guía de estudio es tu instrumento de repaso de temas referentes al programa de inglés IV, además de auxiliarte en practicar y asimilar los contenidos del programa, será la base para presentar tu examen de recuperación con mayor confianza y así obtener un mejor resultado en tu calificación.

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INDICE

Contenido

INDICE ... 3

1er CORTE DE EVALUACIÓN ... 4

OBJETIVOS ………4

COMPETENCIAS ………4

APRENDIZAJES: ... 4

ACTIVIDADES A REALIZAR: ... 5

ACTIVIDADES DE AUTOEVALUACIÓN: ... 18

2do CORTE DE Evaluación ... 7

OBJETIVOS ... 7

COMPETENCIAS ... 7

APRENDIZAJES ... 7

ACTIVIDADES A REALIZAR: ... 8

ACTIVIDADES DE AUTOEVALUACIÓN: ... 18

3er CORTE DE EVALUACIÓN ... 11

OBJETIVOS ... 11

COMPETENCIAS ... 11

APRENDIZAJES ... 11

ACTIVIDADES A REALIZAR: ... 12

ACTIVIDADES DE AUTOEVALUACIÓN: ... 18

ACTIVIDADES A ENTREGAR EN EL PORTAFOLIO DE EVIDENCIAS ... 23

RECURSOS DIDÁCTICOS DIGITALES ... 23

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1er CORTE DE EVALUACIÓN O BLOQUE

BLOCK 1

ACCIONES QUE SE ENTRECRUZAN EN EL PASADO

PROPÓSITO DEL BLOQUE O CORTE

:

Al finalizar el bloque el estudiante será capaz de articular los elementos pertinentes del lenguaje para interactuar sobre tópicos relacionados con dos eventos que se entrecruzan en el pasado.

CONTEXTO SOBRE EL CONTENIDO A EJERCITAR

:

Durante la realización de tu guía al resolver cada una de las actividades o ejercicios, es necesario que tengas en cuenta tu conocimiento previo a los temas que viste y trabajaste durante el desarrollo del último bloque de inglés III, es decir los elementos estructurales que conforman el pasado simple, así como los verbos en su forma irregular y regular.

PROBLEMÁTICA SITUADA:

• Expresar lo que alguien hacía en cierto momento del pasado.

• Solicitar y proporcionar información sobre lo que alguien estaba haciendo

ACTIVIDADES DE APRENDIZAJE DEL CORTE O BLOQUE:

Use of the Past Progressive

Actions were in progress at a special time in the past

E.g., Peter was reading a book yesterday evening.

Two actions were happening at the same time (the actions do not influence each other)

Anne was writing a letter while Steve was reading the New York Times.

Together with Simple Past

While we were sitting at the breakfast table, the telephone rang.

Repeated actions irritating the speaker (with always, constantly, forever)

Andrew was always coming late.

Signal words

While and when

Structure

Subject + to be (was, were) + infinitive + -ing + complement

Examples

Affirmative sentences in the Past Progressive

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Negative sentences in the Past Progressive

I was not playing football. I wasn't playing football. You were not playing football. You weren't playing football. He was not playing football. He wasn't playing football.

Questions in the Past Progressive

Was I playing football? Were you playing football? Was he playing football?

General Instructions: Read instructions carefully and answer every exercise correctly.

Put the verbs into the correct form (past progressive).

1. When I phoned my friends, they (play) were playing monopoly. 2. Yesterday, at six I (prepare) dinner.

3. The kids (play) in the garden when it suddenly began to rain. 4. I (practice) the guitar when he came home.

5. We (not / cycle) all day.

6. While Aaron (work) in his room, his friends (swim) in the pool. 7. I tried to tell them the truth but they (listen / not) .

8. What (you / do) yesterday?

9. Most of the time we (sit) in the park.

Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past).

10. Last year I (spend) ________my holiday in Ireland. 11. It (be) great.

12. I (travel) around by car with two friends and we (visit) lots of interesting places.

13. In the evenings we usually (go) to a pub. 14. One night we even (learn) some Irish dances. 15. We (be) very lucky with the weather. 16. It (not / rain) a lot. 17. We (see) some beautiful rainbows.

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Put the verbs into the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Progressive).

19. While Tom (read) was reading, Amely (watch) _was watching a documentary on TV.

20. Marvin (come) home, (switch) on the computer and (check) his emails.

21. The thief (sneak) into the house, (steal) the jewels and (leave) without a trace.

22. Nobody (listen) while the teacher (explain) the tenses.

23. While we (do) a sight-seeing tour, our friends (lie) on the beach. 24. He (wake) up and (look) at his watch.

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or past progressive).

When I (do) was doing (do) the washing-up, I broke (break) a plate

25. While Tom (play) the piano, his mother (do) the washing-up. 26. He (drink) some juice and then he (eat) a few chips.

27. I (have) dinner when I suddenly (hear) a loud bang.

28. When my father (work) in the garden, an old friend (pass) by to see him. 29. She (go) to school, (take) out her textbook

and (begin) to learn.

30. When it (start) to rain, our dog (want) to come inside.

31. When Jane (do) a language course in Ireland, she (visit) Blarney Castle. 32. When I (be) on my way home, I (see) an accident.

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Self-Evaluation

Students’ range performance Needs

improvement Good Very good Excellent

Search for information related to past tense.

Summarize information using the past progressive.

Identity past tense and past progressive with when and while.

Describe events using the target language. Use grammar structures and vocabulary correctly.

Express personal opinions communicatively.

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BLOCK 2

LO QUE ACOSTUMBRÁBAMOS HACER

PROPÓSITO DEL BLOQUE O CORTE

:

Al finalizar el bloque, el estudiante será capaz de articular los elementos pertinentes del lenguaje para intercambiar información sobre hábitos en el pasado y para establecer comparaciones de superioridad.

CONTEXTO SOBRE EL CONTENIDO A EJERCITAR

:

Durante la realización de tu guía al resolver cada una de las actividades o ejercicios, es necesario que tengas en cuenta tu conocimiento previo a los temas que viste y trabajaste durante el desarrollo del último bloque de inglés III, es decir los elementos estructurales que conforman el pasado simple, así como los verbos en su forma irregular y regular.

PROBLEMÁTICA SITUADA:

• Expresar actividades o acciones que en el pasado y que no se realizan más en el presente.

ACTIVIDADES DE APRENDIZAJE DEL CORTE O BLOQUE:

Used to.

Structure: Affi. subject +'Used to + verb infinitive + complement.

Neg. subject + didn’t + use to + verb infinitive + complement

Quest. Did + subject+ use to + verb infinitive + complement + ?

We use this expression to talk about habits or repeated actions in the past, which we don't do in the present. We also use it to talk about states in the past, which are no longer true. For example:

I used to have long hair (but now I have short hair). He used to smoke (but now he doesn't smoke).

They used to live in India (but now they live in Germany).

Watch out! With the negative and the question, it's 'use' and not 'used': Did you use to be a teacher?

Did he use to study French?

She didn't use to like chocolate, but she does now. I didn't use to want to have a nice house.

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Choose the correct option with USED TO.

1. I --- go to the beach every day.

a) use to b) uses to c) used to d)use 2. I didn’t --- play tennis.

a) use to b) uses to c) used to d)use 3. Susan --- drink milk when she was young.

a) didn’t use to b) use to c) has d) was 4. I didn’t --- watch television.

a) use to b) uses to c) used to d)use 5. What --- you use to wear at school?

a) Did b) do c) are d) have 6. Did they --- go to the cinema?

a) used to b) use c) used d) use to 7. People --- travel on horses.

a) used to b) use c) used d) use to

8. Ted used to --- my best friend, but he lives in Canada now. a) Is b) be c) are d) being

9. We --- play marbles.

a) used to b) used c) use to d)use 10. My mother ---cook for me, but now my wife cooks at home. a) used to b) used c) use to d) use

Used to Exercise

Make an affirmative sentence, negative sentence or question using 'used to + infinitive':

I / live in a flat when I was a child. I used to live in a flat when I was a child.

11) We / go to the beach every summer?

___________________________________________________________ 12) She / love eating chocolate, but now she hates it.

____________________________________________________________ 13) He / not / smoke.

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14) I / play tennis when I was at school.

_____________________________________________________________ 15) She / be able to speak French, but she has forgotten it all

_____________________________________________________________ 16) He / play golf every weekend?

_____________________________________________________________ 17) They both / have short hair

_____________________________________________________________ 18) Julie / study / Portuguese

_____________________________________________________________ 19) I / not / hate school

_____________________________________________________________

Question Tags.

Question tags are short questions at the end of statements. They are mainly used in speech when we want to:

confirm that something is true or not, or to encourage a reply from the person we are speaking to.

Question tags are formed with the auxiliary or modal verb from the statement and the appropriate subject.

A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. Jack is from Spain, isn't he?

Mary can speak English, can't she?

A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. They aren't funny, are they?

He shouldn't say things like that, should he?

When the verb in the main sentence is in the present simple we form the question tag with do / does.

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Alison likes tennis, doesn't she?

If the verb is in the past simple we use did. They went to the cinema, didn't they? She studied in New Zealand, didn't she?

When the statement contains a word with a negative meaning, the question tag needs to be positive

He hardly ever speaks, does he? They rarely eat in restaurants, do they?

Exercise. Complete the sentences with the correct question tags.

1. Mr McGuinness is from Ireland, ? 2. The car isn't in the garage, ? 3. You are John, ?

4. She went to the library yesterday, ? 5. He didn't recognize me, ?

6. Cars pollute the environment, ?

7. Mr. Pritchard has been to Scotland recently, ? 8. The trip is very expensive, ?

9. He won't tell her, ? 10. Hugh had a red car, ?

Choose the correct option.

11. - He's not coming, ...? A )isn't he b) is he 12. - I'm not late, ...? a) am I b) am I not

13. - The bank lent him the money, ...? a) didn't it b) isn't it

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15- You don't take sugar in coffee, ...? a)isn't it b)do you

16 - She looks tired, ...? a) does she b) doesn't she

17 - There's a cinema near the station, ...? a) isn't it b) isn't there

18 - He arrived late, ...? a) isn't it b) didn't he

19 - Nobody has arrived yet, ...? a) have they b) haven't they 21 - It's time to go, ...?

a) isn't it b) isn't there 22 - I'm right, ...?

a) aren't I b) am I

23 - You had seen it before, ...? a) hadn't you b) don't you

24 - Everybody looked so miserable, ...? a) didn't everybody b) didn't they

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Self-evaluation

Students’ range performance Needs improvement

Good Very good Excellent

Search for information related to Used to.

Writing exercises in interrogative form with comparative adjectives and time expressions.

Talking about routines and frequency of time in the past.

Using the affirmative and negative forms of tag questions.

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BLOCK 3

COMPARACIONES

PROPÓSITO DEL BLOQUE O CORTE

:

Al finalizar el bloque, el estudiante será capaz de articular los elementos pertinentes del lenguaje para intercambiar información haciendo comparaciones de igualdad y en grado superlativo, así como para comprar y vender artículos variados.

CONTEXTO SOBRE EL CONTENIDO A EJERCITAR

:

Durante la realización de tu guía al resolver cada una de las actividades o ejercicios, es necesario que tengas en cuenta tu conocimiento previo a adjetivos calificativos, ya sean de una o más de dos silabas.

PROBLEMÁTICA SITUADA:

• Hacer uso de los adjetivos con el sufijo correcto para los comparativos y superlativos.

• Saber identificar los adjetivos de más de dos silabas para formar correctamente el comparativo y superlativo.

ACTIVIDADES DE APRENDIZAJE DEL CORTE O BLOQUE: Comparative/superlative

Comparative is the name for the grammar used when comparing two things. The two basic ways to compare are using as .. as or than. Examples of each are shown below:

She's twice as old as her sister. He's not as stupid as he looks!

I'm almost as good in math as in science. This book is not as exciting as the last one. The cafeteria is not as crowded as usual. Russian is not quite as difficult as Chinese. This computer is better than that one. She's stronger at chess than I am.

It's much colder today than it was yesterday. Our car is bigger than your car.

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I find science more difficult than mathematics.

Today's ESL lesson was more interesting than usual.

Note: In each of the example sentences above, the comparative form of the

adjective is shown. See the foot of this page for information about the comparison of adverbs.

When comparing with as .. as, the adjective does not change. When comparing with than, however, some changes are necessary, depending on the number of syllables the

adjective has:

1-syllable adjectives: add -er to the adjective

My sister is much taller than me. It's colder today than it was yesterday.

Note: If the word ends: consonant-vowel-consonant, then the last consonant is usually doubled in the comparative. Examples: big-bigger, fat-fatter, hot-hotter.

2-syllable adjectives ending in -y: change the -y to -ier

She's looking happier today.

This grammar topic is easier than the last one. Why is everyone else luckier than me?

Beware: Do not confuse adjectives and adverbs. 2-syllable adverbs ending in -y must be

compared with the word more. Example: I drive more quickly (quicklier) than my brother.

Other 2-syllable adjectives: use more with the unchanged adjective

The shops are always more crowded just before Christmas. Is there anything more boring than reading about grammar? My sister is more careful with her writing than I am with mine.

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Adjectives with 3 or more syllables: use more with the unchanged adjective

Russian grammar is more difficult than English grammar. My sister is much more intelligent than me.

I find maths lessons more enjoyable than science lessons. The older you get, the more irritating you become.

In the superlative you talk about one thing only and how it is the best, worst, etc. You do not compare two things. The following guidelines apply to the superlative:

1-syllable adjectives: add -est to the adjective (plus the)

My sister is the tallest in our family.

Yesterday was the coldest day of the year so far.

Note: If the word ends: consonant-vowel-consonant, then the last consonant is usually doubled in the superlative. Examples: big-biggest, fat-fattest, hot-hottest.

2-syllable adjectives ending in -y: change the -y to -iest (plus the)

The richest people are not always the happiest. Which do you think is the easiest language to learn? She's the luckiest person I know.

Beware: Do not confuse adjectives and adverbs. 2-syllable adverbs ending in -y form their superlative with the words the most. Example: Of all the people I know my father drives the most quickly (quickliest).

Other 2-syllable adjectives: use the most with the unchanged adjective

The most boring thing about ESL class is doing grammar exercises. My sister is the most careful person I know.

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Adjectives with 3 or more syllables: use the most with the unchanged adjective

Some people think that Russian is the most difficult language. Albert Einstein was the most intelligent person in history. My most enjoyable class is English.

You are the most irritating person I have ever met!

Following are two common irregular comparative/superlative forms:

good-better-the best

bad-worse-the worst

Exercise on Comparison of Adjectives (as ... as)

Fill in the comparison with as ... as.

1. John is (tall) as tall as Glen.

2. Janet is (beautiful) _____________Jeniffer. 3. You are (crazy) _______________my sister. 4. We can run (fast) ______________they can. 5. My mom is (not / strict) ____________your mum.

6. Your mobile phone is (not / trendy) ______________mine. 7. Matrix II was (not / interesting) ______________Matrix I.

8. This yoghurt (not / taste / good) _____________the one I bought yesterday. 9. I can do (many / press-ups)____________ you.

10. I (not / earn / much / money) ______________you do.

C OM PL E TE C OM P AR ATIV E AD J EC TI V ES

11. I am (tall) my sister.

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14. I want to have (big) car.

15. A blue whale is (heavy) twenty-five elephants. 16. You look (thin) last month. Have you lost weight? 17. Bicycles are (slow) cars.

18. She is (nice) person I know. 19. What is (good) film you´ve seen? 20. Computers are (cheap) mobile phones. 21. Is your brother (tall) you?

22. I think Spanish is (easy) Japanese. 23. Our dog is (nice) your dog.

24. Glass bottles are (good) plastic bottles.

25. I think Rafael Nadal is (good) tennis player in Spain. 26. A Mercedes is (expensive) a Fiat.

27. Maradona is (good) football player ever. 28. A swordfish is (fast) a jellyfish.

29. Julio is (friendly) Carlos. 30. Irene is (clever) Silvia.

31. Comedies are (funny) police dramas. 32. Pablo is (big) Juanma.

33. Max is (old) John.

34. Adriano is (fast) Ronaldo. 35. My hair is (long) yours.

36. A dolphin is (intelligent) a shark. 37. Elaine is (wise) her sister. 38. Tony is (happy) Max.

Complete the following sentences with the correct form (comparative or

superlative) of the adverb provided.

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(hard) of all of us.

41. Anita sings (beautifully) of all the people in the choir.

42. Our teacher explains the lessons (clearly) than your teacher.

43. Robert arrived at the meeting (early) than Francis.

44. My daughter cooks (well) than I do, but my husband cooks (well) of all of us.

45. Rene speaks (fluently) of all the ESL students in the class.

46. The teacher arrived (late) than the students.

Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the adjective or adverb,

comparative or superlative of the words provided.

47. This is (fancy) dress I own.

48. In my opinion, a deer moves (graceful) of all the animals. 49. The politician spoke (loud) than was necessary.

50. When we travel, my suitcase is always (heavy) than my husband’s. 51. January is (cold) month of the year.

52. Mrs. Pedrido speaks (fluent) than her husband, but her daughter spea ks (fluent) of the whole family.

53. December 21 is the (short) day of the year. It is (short) than any other.

54. Andrew is (fast) runner on the team.

55. This apartment is (convenient) of all the apartments I have seen. 56. Annie usually gets up (early) than her sister.

57. Max finished the homework (fast) than anyone else in the class. 58. A turtle moves (slow) than a rabbit.

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ECATEPEC 19

Autoevaluación

INGLÉS IV

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General Instructions: Read instructions carefully and answer every exercise

correctly.

Choose the correct option. Past Continuous.

1. We (not / cycle) ______________ all day.

a) didn’t cycle b) don’t cycle c) weren’t cycling d) aren’t cycling

2. While Aaron (work) _____________in his room, his friends (swim)__________ in the pool.

a) was working / swam b) were working / was swimming c) is working / are swimming d) was working / were swimming

3. I tried to tell them the truth but they (listen / not) _____________.

a) Weren’t listening b) weren’t listen c) wasn’t listening d) aren’t listening

4. What (you / do) ______________ yesterday?

a) were you doing b) was you doing c) are you doing d) do you do

5. Most of the time we (sit) ______________in the park.

a) Was sitting b) were sitting c) are sitting d) is sitting

Choose the correct verb Simple Past.

6. It (be) _______________ great.

a) been b) were c) is d) was

7. I (travel) ______________around by car with two friends and we (visit) ___________lots of interesting places.

a) travels / visit b) traveled / visit c) traveled / visited d) traveled / visits

8. In the evenings we usually (go) ______________to a pub.

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9. It (not / rain) __________________________a lot.

a) Don’t rain b) didn’t rain c) doesn’t rain d) didn’t rained

10. But we (see) _____________some beautiful rainbows.

a) See b) seen c) saw d) seeing

11. Where (spend / you) __________________your last holiday?

a) Did you spend b) did you spent c) do you spend d) are you spending

Choose the verbs into the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Progressive).

12. Nobody (listen) _____________ while the teacher (explain) ___________ the tenses.

a) Listened / explained b) was listened / explained c) Listened / was explaining d) was listening / was explaining

13. While we (do) ____________ a sight-seeing tour, our friends (lie) __________ on the beach.

a) did / lied b) were doing / were lying b) were doing / lied d) are doing / are lying

14. When it (start) _____________to rain, our dog (want) ____________to come inside. a) starts / wants b) was starting / wanted c) started / wanted d) started / was

wanting

15. When Jane (do) _____________a language course in Ireland, she (visit) _____________Blarney Castle.

a) Was doing / visited b) did / visited c) was doing / was visiting d) does / visits

16. I (not / understand) _____________________what they (talk) ______________about. a) don’t understand / are talking b) didn’t understand / talked

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Choose the correct option.

17. I didn’t --- play tennis.

c) use to b) uses to c) used to d)use 18. Susan --- drink milk when she was young.

a) didn’t use to b) use to c) has d) was 19. What --- you use to wear at school?

a) Did b) do c) are d) have 20. He's not coming, ...?

a) Is he b) does he c) isn’t he d) doesn’t he 21. I'm not late, ...?

a) am I b) am I not c) are I d) do I 22. You shouldn't do that, ...?

a) shouldn't you b) do you c) are you d) should you

Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the adjective or adverb,

comparative or superlative of the words provided.

23. The teacher arrived ____________________________(late) than the students. a) Late b) later c) latest d) more late 24. January is _____________________ (cold) month of the year.

a) the most cold b) the cold c) the colder d) the coldest 25. This book is _____________________ (interesting) than the one I read last week.

a) the more interesting b) more interesting c) interesting d) most interesting

Read the texts and answer the questions. Mark the correct response.

21st Century

One of the most significant changes of the last century is the fast and huge progress in the area of Technology and Information. Communication has suffered a dramatic change, and distances are no longer a barrier joining the world in one big net called The Internet. Now we can talk to people who are on the other side of the world in just seconds and have a conversation face to face without traveling long distances.

On the other hand, if you want to travel, now there are incredibly fast planes, ships and trains that make visiting new places much easier and comfortable. Currently, tourism has an important role for many economies of the world but, unfortunately, it also brings pollution and erosion to great ancient buildings.

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26. What is the main idea of the text?

a. Changes in the environment. b. Changes in technology in the last century.

c. New technology to travel. d. New technology to communicate. 27. How do people travel these days?

a. They travel slower than before. b. They travel faster than before. c. They travel the same time. d. They travel so slow.

28. Do tourists play an important role in economy these days?

a. No, they don’t. b. Yes, they do. c. Sometimes d. Never 29. What is one of the negative aspects of tourism?

a. The cost of hotels. b. The trash. c. It also brings pollution and erosion to great ancient buildings. d. Noise.

30. What are the advantages of technology at home?

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ACTIVIDADES DE CONSOLIDACIÓN:

 Investiga acerca de un personaje histórico, con tus propias palabras escribe a manera de resumen su biografía. (una cuartilla).

 Elige dos países y realiza un comparativo de ambos, así como en qué aspectos son superados uno del otro. (una cuartilla).

ACTIVIDADES DE AUTOEVALUACIÓN: Permite al estudiante la revisión y valoración de los aprendizajes

logrados a partir de instrumentos diseñados para ello, pueden ser rúbricas, lista de cotejo, guía de

observación etc., con las cuales constatar el resultado de la resolución de las Actividades de

aprendizaje y en especial de las Actividades de Consolidación.

ACTIVIDADES A ENTREGAR EN EL PORTAFOLIO DE EVIDENCIAS

 Lista de verbos en sus tres formas con significado (50) realizada a mano divididos en regulares e irregulares.

 Vocabulario de:

1. Objetos de una casa, 2. Objetos de la escuela, 3. Objetos de la calle. 4. Nombre de animales 5. Nombre de parentescos.

RECURSOS DIDÁCTICOS DIGITALES

(VIDEOS, WEBQUEST, PRESENTACIONES DIGITALES, CRUCIGRAMAS ETC.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RI0W_AqYZlQ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjyG2EDDfO8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unPBvhP9j5w https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4nkhlyX01A

BIBLIOGRAFÍA

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GUÍA DE ESTUDIO (ASIGNATURA)

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Anexo.

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GUÍA DE ESTUDIO (ASIGNATURA)

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Créditos Nombre de la Academia: Elaborador (es): Contreras Díaz Jorge.

Figure

Actualización...