Status and Outlook of the Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency in the Dominican Republic

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(1)Status and Outlook. of the Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency in the Dominican Republic. 1.

(2) DISCLAIMER The information and content in this presentation is the responsibility of the presenter and it does not represent necessary the position of the National Energy Commission (CNE) of the Dominican Republic or his President / Executive Director. Also do not represent the position of the Academy of Sicence of the Dominican Republic (ACRD) 2.

(3) Presentation Content:  Political and Economic view of D.R.  Overview of Energy Sector.  Legal Framework for the Electrical Sector and Renewable Energies.  Development of Renewable Energies in D.R.  Wind Projects.  Solar Projects.  Biofuels.  Biomass.  Hydropower.  Rural Communities Projects.  Energy Efficiency / Rational Use of Energy.. 3.

(4) Political and Economic view of D.R.. 4.

(5) Political and Economic view of D.R. (1). Dominican Republic. 5.

(6) Political and Economic view of D.R. (2)  Country Extension: 48,442 Km2 (18,704 sq mi)  Population: 9,445,281 (Census 2010)  Male:. 50.2 %. Female:. 49.8 %.  Urban:. 74.4 %. Rural:. 25.6 %.  Territorial Division : 1 National District and 31 Provinces.  Capital: Santo Domingo (Aprox. 3.0 Millions people.)  Currency: Dominican Peso ( Aprox. RD$ 43.00 > USD$ 1.00)  Government: Democratic, Republican and Representative.  Period of Government: 4 years.  G.D.P.: USD$ 58,954.6 Millions (BCRD 2012)  G.D.P. per Capita: USD$ 5,762.1 (BCRD 2012) 6.

(7) Political and Economic view of D.R. (3) GDP : Dominican Republic versus Latin America (2003-2012). Source: - CEI-RD Presentation (www.cei-rd.gov.do) - Data Central Bank of Dominican Republic (BCRD) (www.bancentral.gob.do) - Economic Commission for Latin America & Caribbean (ECLAC). 7.

(8) Political and Economic view of D.R. (4) Direct Foreing Investment 2000-2010* Millions USD$ 2,870.1. 3,000.0. 2,839.2. 2,500.0 2,066.6 2,000.0. 1,667.4. 1,500.0 952.9 1,079.1 1,000.0. 909.0 1,122.7 1,084.6. 916.8 613.0. 500.0 2000. 2001. 2002. 2003. 2004. 2005. 2006. 2007. 2008. 2009 2010*. Source: CEI-RD Presentation (www.cei-rd.gov.do) Data Central Bank of Dominican Republic (BCRD) (www.bancentral.gob.do). (*) Preliminary data.. 8.

(9) Political and Economic view of D.R. (5). 13 agreements to protect Foreign Investmens • In discussion: Agreements with Mexico and Canada. Legal framework to promote the Foreign Insvetsment according to WCO. Founder member of WCO. Source: CEI-RD Presentation (www.cei-rd.gov.do). 5 Free Trade Agreements (DR-CAFTA, EPA, ALC RD – CARICOM, ALC RD - Central America, AAP RD – Panama. 9.

(10) Overview of Energy Sector.. 10.

(11) Overview of Energy Sector. (1). Com isión Nacional de Energía Gerencia de Planificación Consum o de Energía por Sector, 2006 (en %). Otros 2.7% Sector Eléctrico 30.2% Transporte 33.7%. Industrial 12.0%. Com ercial 3.2%. Residencial 18.2%. Total Energy Consumption: 4,930 Ktep F ue nt e :Co misió n Nacio nal de Energía/Gerencia de P lanificació n:B alance Nacio nal de Energía P reliminar, 2006. 11.

(12) Overview of Energy Sector. (2) Electrical Sub-Sector (1) National Electrical Integrated Grid (SENI) Transmission Lines. Year 2012  Installed Capacity :.  Lines 345 Kv:. 160 Kms..  Thermo: 2,630 Mw / 82.3%.  Lines 138 Kv:. 1,337 Kms..  Hydro:.  Lines 69 Kv:. 1,657 Kms.. 3,268 Mw ?. 605 Mw / 17.7%.  Wind:. 33 Mw /.  Max. Demand:. 1.0%.  Territorial Coverage:. 1,800 Mw ?. OFF-Grid Systems.  Energy Supplied: 13,356 MWh Thermo: 11,486 Mwh / 86.0%.  CEPM:.  Hydro:.  CEB:.  Wind:. 85.0 %. 1,776 Mwh / 13.3% 934 Mwh /. 0.7%. Source: OC – Memoria 2012 (www.oc.org.do). 70 Mw 4 Mw.  Punta Cana:. 18 Mw. Cap Cana:. 28 Mw.  Las Terrenas: 12 Mw  Territorial Coverage :. 7.0 %.  Puerto Plata: 43 Mw. 12.

(13) Overview of Energy Sector. (3) Electrical Sub-Sector (2) National Electrical Integrated Grid (SENI). 345 Kv. Source: OC (www.oc.org.do) 13.

(14) Overview of Energy Sector. (4) Electrical Sub-Sector (3) National Electrical Integrated Grid (SENI) Year 2012 % of Generation by Fuel Type Natural Gas & Fuel Oil # 6 5.65%. % of Generation by Technology. Wind 0.7%. Wind 0.7% Water 13.26% Steam Turbine 15.6%. Natural Gas 28.71%. Coal 14.45%. Hydro 13.26%. Gas Turbine 10.7%. Fuel Oil # 2 4.80% Fuel Oil # 6 27.90%. Fuel Oil # 2 & # 6 4.53% Combine Cycle 24.4%. Combustion Motors 35.3%. Source: OC – Memoria 2012 (www.oc.org.do). 14.

(15) Overview of Energy Sector. (5) Transportation Sub-Sector (1) Vehicles Evolution. Amount. Evolution Rate. Source: DGII / Parque Vehicular 2012 (www.dgii.gob.do). 15.

(16) Overview of Energy Sector. (6) Transportation Sub-Sector (2) Vehicles Types. Fuels Types  Gasoline  Diesel. 9.6 %.  LPG. 51 %.  CNG  Electricity. Source: DGII / Parque Vehicular 2012 (www.dgii.gob.do).  METRO System: 2008 > Line 1: 14 Kms. 2013 > Line 2: 20 Kms.. In Implementation Proccess  Gasohol (5-10 %)  Biodiesel (5-10%) 16.

(17) Overview of Energy Sector. (7) Transportation Sub-Sector (3). El Caribe 15-Abr-2011 17.

(18) Overview of Energy Sector. (8). Use of Wood and Charcoal. 18.

(19) Overview of Energy Sector. (9). 19.

(20) Legal Framework for the Electrical Sector and Renewable Energies.  1997: > General law to Reform the Public Enterprises (Law 141-97).  2000: > Environment Law (Law 64-00) > Hidrocarbons Law (Law 112-00)  2001: > General electrical Law (Law 125-01).  2007: > Renewable Energies Incentives Law (Law 57-07). > Law 186-07 that modified Law 125-01.  2008: > Presidential Decree 601-08. Creating CNCCMDL.  2010: > New Constitution of the Dominican Republic. (Feb.)  2011: > “Net Metering” Regulation. (Jun.) > “Distributed Generation” Regulation. (Nov.)  2012: > National Development Strategy (END) (Law 01-12).  2013: > Ministry of Energy and Mines (Law 100-13). Incentive law for vehicles with not conventional energy (Law 103-13).  In Process: Energy Efficiency Law. - Already approved by the congress. 20.

(21) General Electricity Law (Law 125-01 / 186-07) (1) National Energy Commission (CNE).  The National Energy Commission (CNE) is the institution responsible for advising the Executive Power on all matters related to the Energy Sector.  According to Art. 13: “The Energy Sector comprises all the activities of study, exploration, construction, export, production, transmission, storage, distribution, import, marketing and any others that concern the electricity, coal, gas, petroleum and petroleum products, hydro, nuclear, geothermal, solar, and non conventional energy and others sources of energy, present and future”.. 21.

(22) General Electricity Law (Law 125-01 / 186-07) (2) National Energy Commission (CNE).. Functions and Attributions (Art. 14)  Analyze the operation of the energy sector.  Propose and adopt policies and issue rules for the proper functioning of the energy sector.  Study the projections of energy demand and supply.  Promoting the rational use of energy and energy efficiency. 22.

(23) EXECUTIVE POWER. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ELECTRICAL SECTOR STAKEHOLDERS.. GENERATORS. Ministry of Energy and Mines. NON REGULATED USERS. HIDROELECTRIC POLiCIES AND NORMS. REGULATOR ENTITY. PRIVATE GENERATORS. Organismo Coordinador. DISTRIBUTORS. (Market Coordinator). IPP’S. PUBLIC SERVICE USERS. 23.

(24) Incentives Law for Renewable Energies and Special Regimes (Law 57-07). Definitive Concessions under Law 57-07 Concesiones Definitivas por Fuente Alterna de Energía en R.Dominicana 2,000. Eólica 95.25%. MW. 1,500. Fotovoltaica 4.54% Biomasa 0.09% Mini Hidro 0.13%. 1,000. 500. Composición de Concesiones [%]. Termosolar 0.00%. 453. 0 Eólica. 30. 0. 1. Fotovoltaica. Mini Hidro. Biomasa. Source: Renewable Energies Division. FAURE Direction / CNE. 24.

(25) Development of Renewable Energies in D.R.. WIND PROJECTS.. 25.

(26) Wind Potential.. 26.

(27) Wind Potential.. Información basada en los últimos diez años (desde enero 2000 a diciembre 2009) usando un modelo de ecuación regional no hidrostático de la atmósfera.. Velocidad de viento a 80m Source: 3TIER Advanced Applications. 27.

(28) Wind Farms that started operation in 2011 2nd Phase (Jan 2013) 26 Gamesa G90 & G97 (52 MW). Los Cocos 1st Phase 14 Vestas V90 (25 MW). 5 Vestas V88 (8 MW) Quilvio Cabrera Virtual Design. Cortesy: EGE-Haina / CEPM). 28.

(29) Wind Farms to start operation. Matafongo. El Guanillo. Grupo Eólico Dominicano S.A.. Parques Eólicos del Caribe S.A. (PECASA). Capacity: 30 MW. Capacity: 50 MW. Investment: US$ 62 MM. Investment: US$103 MM. 29.

(30) Development of Renewable Energies in D.R.. SOLAR PROJECTS.. 30.

(31) Solar Potential. 31.

(32) Solar Potential. Source: 3TIER Advanced Applications. 32.

(33) Solar Potential (Radiación Global [W/m2]) Santo Domingo. Santiago. Source: 3TIER Advanced Applications 33.

(34) Solar Farms to start operation in 2013. Monte Plata Electronic J.R.C. Capacity: 30 MW Investment: $$$ 34.

(35) Monte Plata Project. 30 Mw Solar Farm 35.

(36) NET MEETERING Projects As per July 15th., 2013 Empresa. Cantid.. kW. % Parti.. Tipo de clientes. Edesur. 68. 2,054.80. 34.43%. Residencial. 145. Edenorte. 77. 3,206.93. 53.74%. Comercial. 53. Edeeste. 17. 165.45. 2.77%. Gobierno. 1. CEPM. 7. 300.31. 5.03%. CEB. 1. 4.90. 0.08%. Costasur D.. 1. 7.90. 0.13%. <5 kW. 58. Corp. Pta.C.. 4. 67.20. 1.13%. >5<10 kW. 72. Cap Cana Caribe. 2. 32.75. 0.55%. >10<15 kW. 20. El Limón. 6. 17.02. 0.29%. >15<20 kW. 12. 16. 110.10. 1.85%. >20<25 kW. 12. 199. 5,967.36. 100.00. >25 kW. 25. Luz y Fuerza T. Total distribuidoras. Clientes por Capacidad. Promedio kW/C. 29.99. 36.

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(38) Commercial Net Meeting project Cibao International Airport. Sistema 1,500 Kwp 5,880 paneles de 255 Wp. 38.

(39) Autoproducers PV Systems. Sistema 300 Kwp 1,460 paneles de 235 Wp 39.

(40) PERSPECTIVES: SOLAR PROJECTS. 40.

(41) PERSPECTIVES: SOLAR PROJECTS. 41.

(42) PERSPECTIVES: SOLAR PROJECTS. Residential PV System in Santo Domingo.. Apartments PV Systems for common areas in Santo Domingo. 42.

(43) Development of Renewable Energies in D.R.. BIOFUELS.. 43.

(44) Potential Areas for Biodiesel Production. Biodiesel Montecristi Dajabón. Puerto Plata Espaillat. Valverde Santiago Rodríguez. Salcedo Santiago. Elías Piña. Sánchez. Duarte. Samaná. La Vega Sánchez Ramírez Monseñor Nouel. San Juan. Azua Bahoruco Independencia Pedernales. María Trinidad. San José de Ocoa. San Cristóbal. Peravia. Monte Plata. Santo Domingo. Hato Mayor San Pedro de Macorís. El Seibo. La Romana. La Altagracia. Barahona. Potential to produce vegetable oil and transform it in 160 Millions gallons of Biodiesel, which is equivalent to 45% of the annual consumption of Diesel. Fuente: IDIAF 44.

(45) Biodiesel Projects PROVINCIA. 3. MONTECRISTI. 1. Montecristi. NEYBA. Espaillat. Valverde. 2. Dajabón. DAJABON. Puerto Plata. Santiago. Salcedo. Rodríguez. Santiago. Sánchez. BARAHONA VALVELDE AZUA. Samaná. La Vega Sánchez Ramírez Monseñor Nouel. San Juan. 1. 1. Azua Bahoruco. San José de Ocoa. San Cristóbal. Peravia. Independencia Pedernales. ELIAS PIÑA. Duarte. Elías Piña. 2. María Trinidad. INSTITUCION CNE Corporacion agricola LN DOMINICAN RENEWABLES Jatropha de Caribe INVERAVANTE ADOPROH* Biogasoil* Guanito Agroindustrial IDDI IDDI DOMINICAN RENEWABLES Globasol y Sur Futuro**. *Proyectos de Higuereta **Proyecto piloto en Padre Las Casas. Monte Plata. Santo Domingo. Hato Mayor San Pedro de Macorís. El Seibo. La Romana. La Altagracia. 1. Barahona. There are 11 pilot projects in 7 provinces, where there are growing crops to produce Biodiesel.. 45.

(46) Potential Areas for Ethanol Production. Etanol Montecristi Dajabón. Puerto Plata Espaillat. Valverde Santiago Rodríguez. Salcedo Santiago. Elías Piña. Sánchez. Duarte. Samaná. La Vega Sánchez Ramírez Monseñor Nouel. San Juan. Azua Bahoruco Independencia Pedernales. María Trinidad. San José de Ocoa. San Cristóbal. Peravia. Monte Plata. Santo Domingo. Hato Mayor San Pedro de Macorís. El Seibo. La Romana. La Altagracia. Barahona. Potential areas to produce Ethanol. Areas to grow Sugar Cane.. 46.

(47) Ethanol Projects 1 Montecristi. 1. Dajabón. PROVINCIA MONTECRISTI DAJABON SANTIAGO R. VALVELDE SAN PEDRO DE M. Puerto Plata. 1 Santiago Rodríguez. 1. Salcedo Santiago. Sánchez. Duarte Sánchez Ramírez Monseñor Nouel. San Juan. Azua. Pedernales. Green Solutions, S.A.. María Trinidad. Samaná. La Vega. Independencia. RJS Group S.A.. Espaillat. Valverde. Elías Piña. Bahoruco. INSTITUCION. San José de Ocoa. San Cristóbal. Peravia. 1. Monte Plata. Santo Domingo. Hato Mayor San Pedro de Macorís. El Seibo. La Romana. La Altagracia. Barahona. There are 2 projects that cover 5 provinces, where they are planting Sugar Cane and Sweet Sorgum to produce Ethanol.. 47.

(48) Development of Renewable Energies in D.R. BIOMASS.. 48.

(49) BIOMASS..  Use of Wood / Charcoal for food cooking in rural and suburban areas (Aprox. 10%)  Use of sugar cane bagasse in Sugar Mills to produce steam and electricity.  2 fabrics manufacturing companies changed their steam boilers from Diesel to Biomass. One of them to produce electricity.  200 Kw Pilot Project for Gasification of agricultural crops residues.  Electricity generation using the Methane recovery from MSW Landfills.  In process study of potential of available BIOMASS from agricultural residues to produce electricity.  Biodigestors projects using animals waste (Cow, Chicken and Pork). 49.

(50) Development of Renewable Energies in D.R.. HYDROPOWER.. 50.

(51) HYDROPOWER. (1) Empresa de Generación Hidroeléctrica Dominicana (EGEHID)  Big Hydro facilities in Dominican Republic (2012): - 26 facilities interconnected to the national grid. - 605 Mw total installed capacity. - 17.7 % of the Electrical Installed capacity. - 13.3 % of Energy generated. - Big river sources already cover.  Potential for Small, Mini and Micro Hydro: - 500 MCH. - Electrification of small rural communities. - Private sector could support the development. - Incentives according to Law 57-07.. 51.

(52) HYDROPOWER. (2) Agent. Central. Technology. SOURCE: OC – 2011 Memoria. (www.oc.org.do). Fuel. Location. Mw. 52.

(53) Development of Renewable Energies in D.R.. RURAL COMMUNITIES PROJECTS.. 53.

(54) RURAL COMMUNITIES PROJECTS.. Rural and Suburban Projects International Organizations Programs. NGO’s. SOLUZ 54.

(55) ENERGY EFFICIENCY / Rational Use of Energy.. 55.

(56) ENERGY EFFICIENCY.  Bulbs substitution program from incandescent lamps to CFL. ( Aprox. 12 millions between years 2008 y 2009).  Substitution of incandescent Traffic Lights with LED systems.  Substitution of incandescent Public Lamps for LED lamps.  Energy Audits in government institutions.  Fuels substitution program (use of NG in industries and vehicles).  Awareness campaigns by private companies and government institutions.  Creation of the Energy Manager in government institutions and to start a program to reduce energy consumption (electricity and fuels).  Improvement in highways and city street infrastructural.  Formulate the Energy Efficiency Law.. 56.

(57) Thank You Visit the. http://www.godominicanrepublic.com Ing. Julián Despradel International and Interinstitutional Relations Coordinator National Energy Commission jdespradel@cne.gov.do WEB Page: www.cne.gob.do 57.

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