Laboratorio de idiomas : cuaderno de inglés

Texto completo

(1)

LABORATORIO DE IDIOMAS

CUADERNO DE INGLES

PE1 1 1 1 .C36,

T I E M P O S

OH INDICATIVO

:\\l ÜDS.

1rPR

E S E N T E

« V

o

Pftttnto

2-P A S A D O

— " - m i n r t Tliisi

3 . - F Ü T U R O

fe V fgùk,

£

DEBER

Obligad«

(2)
(3)

U N I V E R S I D A D A U T O N O M A DE N U E V O L E O N F A C U L T A D DE C I E N C I A S B I O L O G I C A S

"An I n t r o d u c t o r y E n g l i s h G r a m m a r and U s a g e "

V e r b "To Be"

Is u s e d e i t h e r in p r e s e n t or past in the p r o g r e s s i v e form. "To Be" P r e s e n t

Is

Am

A r e

H e S h e It

I

You W e T hey

To Be" Past

W a s

W e r e

A u x i l i a r i e s in the P r e s e n t and Past. T h e s e a r e u s e d in the s i m p l e form.

P r e s e n t

D o e s

Past

D o

He S h e

It

You W e They I

D i d

P r e s e n t P r o g r e s s i v e

is u s e d to s h o w the a c t i o n h a p p e n i n g r i g h t n o w , in the m o m e n t . U s i n g a: S u b j e c t + T o B e + V e r b - i n g .

E x a m p l e : H e is j u m p i n g .

E X E R C I S E S

1.- H e

2 . - I

3 . - W e

4 . - They.

5 . - I

h i s h o m e w o r k now. ( P r e p a r e )

many new w o r d s . ( L e a r n )

the n e w s paper.

E n g l i s h .

6 . - They.

7 . - S h e _

a S a n d w i c h .

_ T.V. t o n i g h t .

. her car.

(Read)

(Speak)

(Eat )

( W a t c h )

(4)

U N I V E R S I D A D A U T O N O M A DE N U E V O L E O N F A C U L T A D DE C I E N C I A S B I O L O G I C A S

"An I n t r o d u c t o r y E n g l i s h G r a m m a r and U s a g e "

V e r b "To Be"

Is u s e d e i t h e r in p r e s e n t or past in the p r o g r e s s i v e form. "To Be" P r e s e n t

Is

Am

A r e

H e S h e It

I

You W e T hey

To Be" Past

W a s

W e r e

A u x i l i a r i e s in the P r e s e n t and Past. T h e s e a r e u s e d in the s i m p l e form.

P r e s e n t

D o e s

Past

D o

He S h e

It

You W e They I

D i d

P r e s e n t P r o g r e s s i v e

is u s e d to s h o w the a c t i o n h a p p e n i n g r i g h t n o w , in the m o m e n t . U s i n g a: S u b j e c t + T o B e + V e r b - i n g .

E x a m p l e : H e is j u m p i n g .

E X E R C I S E S

1.- H e

2 . - I

3 . - W e

4 . - They.

5 . - I

h i s h o m e w o r k now. ( P r e p a r e )

many new w o r d s . ( L e a r n )

the n e w s paper.

E n g l i s h .

6 . - They.

7 . - S h e _

a S a n d w i c h .

_ T.V. t o n i g h t .

. her car.

(Read)

(Speak)

(Eat )

( W a t c h )

(5)

•L&aflBffli»

unwbbtw»0

fit 7'**

He.

9.- T h e Birds.

1 0 . - W e

a H a m b u r g e r . (Buy)

s o u t h for the w i n t e r .

. B i o l o g y . (Study) (Fly)

S i m p l e P r e s e n t s

U s e d to show an a c t i o n that is u s u a l to h a p p e n at a certain time "s" e n d i n g g o e s w i t h t h e s i n g u l a r p e r s o n He, S h e , It.

A u x i l i a r i e s D o e s , D o a r e u s e d to m a k e a q u e s t i o n . E x a m p l e s S u b j e c t + V e r b i s )

H e w o r k s . D o e s he w o r k ? W e w o r k . D o we w o r k ?

E X E R C I S E S

1 H e

They

fou

H e i .!. en

•5 .

6

8

lid

I a l w a y s

S h e

W e

Our c l a s s

T h e dog _

• I

in our class. ( S t u d y )

_ to the m o v i e s . (Go)

t o work e v e r y d a y . (W a 1k)

in C h i c a g o . (Live)

to c l a s s on time. ( A r r i v e )

. up e a r l y in the m o r n i n g . (Get)

many 1etters. (Wri t e )

at 8 : . (Begln )

a f t e r the cat. (Run)

h i m v e i" y w e 1 I. ( K n ow )

H a s t Pr o g r e s s i v e :

T h i s is used to s h o w an a c t i o n that s t a r t e d in the past, it c o n -t i n u e d i-t is no-t f i n i s h e d , i-t w a s i n -t e r r u p -t e d .

(6)

E X E R C I S E S

1.- T h e t r a m e a r l y . ( L e a v e )

ShV? _ e n g l i s h last y e a r . ( T e a c h )

3- ~ H e ? h i s car.- ( W a s h )

W e our h o m e w o r k . (Do)

b . ~ S h e a y e l l o w d r e s s . ( W e a r )

6 . - T h e w i n d ,. „ . very hard last n i g h t . (Blow)

S i m p l e Pasts

T h i s t e n s e s t r e s s e s that the a c t i o n s t a r t e d and e n d e d in the past U s i n g Did in q u e s t i o n a n d Did not in n e g a t i v e form.

U s i n g as S u b j e c t + V e r b - e d or Irreg. Past

E x a m p l e : H e w o r k e d . W e w r o t e a letter

Did he w o r k ? Did w e w r i t e ? He did not w o r k . We did not w r i t e .

E X E R C I S E S

1 • ~ H e to the park last n i g h t . ( W a l k )

1 — an i n t e r e s t i n g book. ( R e a d )

3 . - They p i z z a for d i n n e r . ( H a v e )

We ice cream y e s t e r d a y . ( E a t )

5 . - H e did not to s c h o o l . (Go)

6 . - Did I for the e x a m ? ( S t u d y )

/.- S h e to the p a r t y . (Go)

& . - Did he a letter to h i s p a r e n t s ? ( W r i t e )

9 . - They did not to the c l a s s . ( L i s t e n )

(7)

©W

OOd

. loo

P R E S E N T

C O M M O N I R R E G U L A R V E R B S OF E N G L I S H

PAST P R E S E N T PAST

B E A T B E A T H I D E H I D

BEG IN B E G A N H I T H I T

B E 1 B E T H O L D H E L D

B I T E B I T H U R T H U R T

B L E E D B L E D K E E P K E P T

B L O W B L E W K N O W K N E W

B R E A K B R O K E L A Y L A I D

B R I N G B R O U G H T L E A D L E D

B U I L D B U I L T L E A R N L E A R N E D

B U R N B U R N E D L E A V E L E F T

B U Y B O U G H T L E N D L E N T

C A T C H C A U G H T L E T L E T

C H O O S E C H O S E L I E L A Y

C O M E C A M E M A K E M A D E

C O S T C O S T M E A N M E A N T

CUT cur M E E T M E T

D I G D U G , D I G G E D PAY PAID

D R A W D R E W PUT PUT

D R E A M D R E A M E D READ READ

D R I N K D R A N K RIDE R O D E

D R I V E D R O V E R I N G RANG

E A T A T E RUN RAN

F A L L F E L L SAW S A W E D

F E E D F E D SAY S A I D

F E E L F E L T S E E S A W

F I G H T F O U G H T S E L L S O L D

P IND F O U N D S E N D S E N T

FLY F L E W S E T S E T

F O R G E T FORGOT'" SEW S E W E D

F O R G I V E F O R G A V E S H A K E S H O O K

F R E E Z E F R E Z E S H O O T S H O T

G E T G O T S H O W S H O W E D

G I V E G A V E S H U T S H U T

GO W E N T S I N G S A N G

G R O W G R E W S I N K S A N K

H A N G H U N G S I T S A T

H A V E H A D S L E E P SLEPT

(8)

P R E S E N T P A S T P R E S E N T PAST

S P E A K S P O K E S W I N G S W U N G

S P E N D S P E N T T A K E TOOK

S P I N S P U N T E A C H T A U G H T

SPIT- S P I T T E A R T O R E

S P R E A D S P R E A D • T E L L T O L D

S P R I N G S P R A N G , S P R U N G T H I N K T H O U G H T

S T A N D S T O O D T H R O W T H R E W

S T E A L S T O L E W A K E W O K E

S T I N G S T U N G WEAR W O R E

S T R I K E S T R U C K W I N W O N

S W E A R S W O R E W O R K W O R K E D

S W E E P S W E P T W R I T E W R O T E

(9)

N O U N S

N o u n s a r e n a m e s of p e r s o n s , p l a c e s , t h i n g s , ideas, q u a l i t i e s , a c ~

11v i t ies, etc.

F o r m i n g the P l u r a l s of N o u n s

Most p l u r a l s a r e f o r m e d by a d d i n g S.

p h o n e p h o n e s b a s k e t b a s k e t s

N o u n s a n d i n g in S, Z, CH, SH, or X form p l u r a l s by a d d i n g ES. g l a s s g l a s s e s tax t a x e s

Add S to form p l u r a l s of l e t t e r s and n u m b e r s .

M M s 8 8 s

N o u n s e n d i n g in Y form p l u r a l s in two w a y s !

If a c o n s o n a n t p r e c e d e s the Y, c h a n g e the Y to I and add ES. baby b a b i e s candy c a n d i e s

If a vowel p r e c e d e s the Y, f o l l o w the g e n e r a l r u l e for p l u — r a l s , that is, add an S.

m o n k e y m o n k e y s toy t o y s

N o u n s e n d i n g in 0 form p l u r a l s in t w o w a y s !

If a c o n s o n a n t p r e c e d e s the 0, add ES.

t o m a t o t o m a t o e s h e r o h e r o e s

If a vowel p r e c e d e s the 0, add S.

r a d i o r a d i o s s t u d i o s t u d i o s

U n u s u a l P l u r a l N o u n s

S o m e a r e c o m p l e t e l y i r r e g u l a r and must be m e m o r i z e d .

c h i l d m o u s e tooth loaf

U n c o u n t a b l e N o u n s

U n c o n t a b l e w h e n a s the n a m e i m p l i e s they can not be c o u n t e d a n d -t h e r e f o r e do no-t a d m i -t p l u r a l form. They may be l i w u i d s ! -tea, mil g o o d s that may be w e i g h e d or m e s a s u r e d ! r i c e , w h e a t , f l o u r ; and -g a s o u s s u s t a n c e s : a i r , h y d r o -g e n , o x i -g e n , e t c . T h e r e a r e many o t h e r s that h a v e no c l a s s i f i c a t i o n and must be l e a r n e d by usages m o n e y , b r e a d , b u t t e r , e t c .

c h i l d r e n w o m a n w o m e n m i c e g o o s e g e e s e teeth w i f e w i v e s

(10)

E x e r c i s e s :

a ) G i v e the plural of the f o l l o w i n g n o u n s . U s e a pair of w h e n ne-c e s s a r y .

desk.

chi Id.

picture.

w o m a n

c u f f

ash tray,

wol f

potato,

church.

p a n t s _

e l e p h a n t .

city

dish

wai ter.

leaf

mango.

i a d y _

socks.

eraser,

foot

shelf.

cuff 1 inks.

p i i e r s

watch

m o u s e

e y e

deer,

k 1 ng.

un iversi ty.

b i n o c u l a r s ,

h e r o

goose.

poi i ceman.

(11)

s y e

b ) JJse t h e f o l l o w i n g u n - c o n t a b l e (mass) n o u n s in s i m p l e s e n t e n c e .

G i v e the c o n t a i n e r s w h e r e p o s s i b l e .

w i n e It is a g o b l e t of w i n e

c o f f e e It is a cup of c o f f e e

c o t t o n ______________________

s o a p

s o u p

toast

m o n e y

c a k e

ink

tea

h u d r o a e n

c o r n

paint

m e a t

s y r u p

honey

b u t t e r

f l a m e

flask

al11 g a t o r

bear

(12)

P E R S O N A L O B J E C T I V E S P O S S E S I V E A D J E C T I V E S

P O S S E S I V E

I M E MY M I N E

Y O U YOU YOUR Y O U R S

H E H I M H I S H I S

S H E HER HER H E R S

IT IT ITS ITS

W E US OUR O U R S

Y O U YOU YOUR Y O U R S

T H E Y THEM THEIR T H E I R S

P e r s o n a l P r o n o u n s

T h e s e p r o n o u n s u s u a l l y s u b s t i t u t e the s u b j e c t uie refer to them as:

1st. p e r s o n s i n g u l a r I

3 r d . p e r s o n s i n g u l a r He, S h e , It

3rd. p e r s o n plural Y o u , We, They

T h e s e p r o n o u n s can be used as f o l l o w s .

S u b j e c t + To Be + A d j e c t i v e E x a m p l e He is o l d

(13)

P E R S O N A L O B J E C T I V E S P O S S E S I V E A D J E C T I V E S

P O S S E S I V E

I M E MY M I N E

Y O U YOU YOUR Y O U R S

H E H I M H I S H I S

S H E HER HER H E R S

IT IT ITS ITS

W E US OUR O U R S

Y O U YOU YOUR Y O U R S

T H E Y THEM THEIR T H E I R S

P e r s o n a l P r o n o u n s

T h e s e p r o n o u n s u s u a l l y s u b s t i t u t e the s u b j e c t uie r e f e r to them as:

1st. p e r s o n s i n g u l a r I

3 r d . p e r s o n s i n g u l a r He, S h e , It

3rd. p e r s o n plural Y o u , We, They

T h e s e p r o n o u n s can be used as f o l l o w s .

S u b j e c t + To Be + A d j e c t i v e E x a m p l e He is o l d

(14)

E x e r c i s e s : F i l l in the blank with the c o r r e c t p e r s o n a l p r o n o u n

1.— Tfie boy is here.

2 . - T h e girl is h a p p y .

3 . - S u s a n and I a r e f r i e n d s .

4 . - S u e and A n n e a r e tall.

5 . - T h e cow is old.

6»- T h e men a r e y o u n g .

7 m - S h e and X a r e s h o r t .

8 , - H e n r y and J o h n are b r o t h e r s .

9 . - Torn is a n g r y .

1 0 . - Mary A n n e is i n t e l l i g e n t .

is h e r e ,

is h a p p y ,

a r e f r i e n d s ,

a r e tall,

is o l d .

a r e y o u n g ,

a r e s h o r t ,

a r e b r o t h e r s ,

is a n g r y ,

is i n t e l l i g e n t .

P o s s e s i v e A d j e c t i v e s - P o s s e s i v e P r o n o u n s .

P o s s e s i v e A d j e c t i v e s a r e a l w a y s f o l l o w e d by a noun.

T h i s is my book P.A. N.

That is y o u r pencil P.A. N.

P o s s e s i v e P r o n o u n s come in p l a c e of the n o u n .

T h i s is m i n e P. P.

That is y o u r s P. P.

E x e r c i s e s : F i l l in the f o i l o w i i n g e x e r c i s e with the a p p r o p i a t e p o s s e s -s i v e p r o n o u n -s or p o -s -s e -s -s i v e a d j e c t i v e .

S u s a n h a s an u m b r e l l a . It is. .umbrella. It is.

I have a n e w r a d i o . T h e r a d i o is.

3 . - T h e s e c i g a r e t t e s belong to Tom. They a r e

4 . - C h a r l e s h a s a h o r s e . The h o r s e is . It is.

5 . - T h i s h o u s e b e l o n g s to y o u and M a r y . The h o u s e is

6 . - T h i s desk b e l o n g s to Paul and D i c k . It is

.c i g a r e t tes.

h o r s e

(15)

7 . - T h i s t y p e w r i t e r b e l o n g s to A l i c e . It is t y p e w r i t e r .

8 . - T h e s e l a n d s belong to Mr. and M r s . Y a t e s . T h e l a n d s a r e .

9 . - T h e s e b o o k s to y o u and me. They a r e .

10. ~ That is h i s car. That is .

1 1 . - It's our car. It's .

1 2 . - It is her coat. I t ' s .

13.- T h i s is D a v i d ' s b i k e . T h i s is .

1 4 . - T h i s is your car. T h i s is .

15.- T h a t is my book. That i s .

O b j e c t i v e P r o n o u n s

A r e u s e d to s u b s t i t u t e t h e i n d i r e c t o b j e c t s and d i r e c t o b j e c t s .

F o r m 1

S u b j e c t + V e r b + D i r e c t O b j e c t + To - For + P r e p o s i t i o n a l P h r a s e

E x . J e n n i f e r g a v e a card to Mary J e n n i f e r g a v e it to her

Form 2

S u b j e c t + V e r b + I n d i r e c t O b j e c t + D i r e c t O b j e c t

Ex. J e n n i f e r g a v e Mary a card J e n n i f e r g a v e • her a card

E x e r c i s e As Put i n d i r e c t o b j e c t or direct o b j e c t o v e r the n o u n s and -s u b -s t i t u t e for the c o r r e c t p r o n o u n -s .

1.- T h e c r o w d g a v e the clown an a p p l a u s e .

2 . - I b o u g h t H e l e n a d r e s s .

(16)

4 . - W e paid the l a n d l o r d a h u n d r e d d o l l a t s .

3 . - T h e o l d men told me a s t o r y .

6 . - P l e a s e take Mary her keys.

7 . - S h e fed t h e baby h i s b o t t l e .

8 . - I b o u g h t my m o t h e r a d r e s s .

9 . - T h e t r a f f i c i n s p e c t o r a s k e d m e a q u e s t i o n .

1(3. — S h e lent S u s a n her car.

E x e r c i s e B: C h a n g e the s e n t e n c e s of t h e e x e r c i s e a b o v e to the s t r u c t u r «

of form 1.

1 . - — —

3 . - .

4 . - .

5 . - .

6. — .

7 . - .

8 . - .

(17)

. noi

C o m p a r a t i v e d e g r e e : We form the c o m p a r a t i v e d e g r e e of most a d j e c — t i v e s by a d d i n g ER to the p o s i t i v e d e g r e e ( E x a m p l e s ; t a l l t a l l e r ; c o l d c o l d e r , e t c . ) . If the a d j e c t i v e h a s m o r e than t w o s y l l a b l e s , w e g e n e r a -lly form the c o m p a r a t i v e w i t h m o r e ( E x a m p l e s ; d i f f i c u l t - m o r e d i f f i c u l t ; b e a u t i f u I - m o r e b e a u t i f u l , e t c . ) . T h e c o m p a r a t i v e form of a d j e c t i v e s is g e n e r a l l y f o l l o w e d by than.

E x a m p l e :

E x e r c i s e

-J o h n is t a l l e r than h i s s i s t e r .

T h i s lesson is m o r e d i f f i c u l t than that one,

In the b l a n k s at the r i g h t , w r i t e the c o m p a r a t i v e form of the a d -j e c t i v e s in p a r e n t h e s e s . I n c l u d e the word than.

1 . - H e l e n is.

3 .

4.

5 .

Ò.

7 .

8.

9.

-10.

1 1 .

1 2 .

13,

14,

15

T h i s book is.

O r a n g e s a r e «

.Mary, ( y o u n g ) (younger t h a n )

.that one. ( i n t e r e s t i n g )

l e m o n s , ( s w e e t )

,it w a s y e s t e r d a y , ( w a r m ) T h e w e a t h e r today t s

T h i s e xer e i s e i ^

H e l e n is her s i s t e r , ( i n t e l l i g e n t ) .the last one. ( e a s y )

T h e m o n t h of F e b r u a r y is

I am I w a s last n i g h t , ( t i r e d )

the m o n t h of M a r c h , ( c o l d )

Our c l a s s r o o m is.

- T h i s lesson i s _

- You seem to b e _

_ y o u r c l a s s r o o m , ( l a r g e )

_ t he next one. ( l o n g )

today you w e r e

.Washington. y e s t e r d a y , ( b u s y )

- To m e N e w York City is

< i n t e r e s t i n g )

- Park A v e n u e is

- T h i s book t ^ the last o n e I r e a d , ( g o o d ) F i f t h A v e n u e , ( w i d e )

T h e m o n t h of F e b r u a r y is.

m o n t h of M a r c h , ( s h o r t )

(18)

. noi

C o m p a r a t i v e d e g r e e : We form the c o m p a r a t i v e d e g r e e of most a d j e c — t i v e s by a d d i n g ER to the p o s i t i v e d e g r e e ( E x a m p l e s ; t a l l t a l l e r ; c o l d c o l d e r , e t c . ) . If the a d j e c t i v e h a s m o r e than t w o s y l l a b l e s , w e g e n e r a -lly form the c o m p a r a t i v e w i t h m o r e ( E x a m p l e s ; d i f f i c u l t - m o r e d i f f i c u l t ; b e a u t i f u l - m o r e b e a u t i f u l , e t c . ) . T h e c o m p a r a t i v e form of a d j e c t i v e s is g e n e r a l l y f o l l o w e d by than.

E x a m p l e :

E x e r c i s e •

J o h n is t a l l e r than h i s s i s t e r .

T h i s lesson is m o r e d i f f i c u l t than that one,

In the b l a n k s at the r i g h t , w r i t e the c o m p a r a t i v e form of the a d -j e c t i v e s in p a r e n t h e s e s . I n c l u d e the word than.

I.- H e l e n is.

3 .

4.

5 .

Ò.

7 .

8.

9.

-10.

1 1 .

1 2 .

13,

14,

15

T h i s book is.

O r a n g e s a r e «

JT1ary. ( y o u n g ) (younger t h a n )

.that one. ( i n t e r e s t i n g )

l e m o n s , ( s w e e t )

,it w a s y e s t e r d a y , ( w a r m ) T h e w e a t h e r today t s

T h i s e x er e i s e i ^

H e l e n is her s i s t e r , ( i n t e l l i g e n t ) .the last one. ( e a s y )

T h e m o n t h of F e b r u a r y is

I am 1 w a s last n i g h t , ( t i r e d )

the m o n t h of M a r c h , ( c o l d )

Our c l a s s r o o m is.

- T h i s lesson i s _

- You seem to b e _

. y o u r c l a s s r o o m , ( l a r g e )

_ t he next one. ( l o n g )

today you w e r e

.Washington. y e s t e r d a y , ( b u s y )

- To m e N e w York City is

< i n t e r e s t i n g )

- Park A v e n u e is

- T h i s book t ^ the last o n e I r e a d , ( g o o d ) F i f t h A v e n u e , ( w i d e )

T h e m o n t h of F e b r u a r y is.

m o n t h of M a r c h , ( s h o r t )

(19)

I OD f 1 9

f i n r H r

?59Ìq,H6x3) IXys o w i nsd

r . 1. I i Ä L L . _ _ i I T r X u f 3 9 i «nia* avi: si

• L O I 9 V

ÇIDlH il T X Ui

i 19 ilei tri a, nos.

i iw eri

iepr

I Ï « 0 1 9 1 FT I ) - T V T O

( 7 991

< ¡71 "f fi

.toisM îo il^nam srl}

« „. _ _ ( b s i x t ) . irtpin

yii W

9g>i6Î . in«

_ ( p n a 1 )

9 1 9 W J J O I

i r

y s b o

p n i d e s W — i ¡¿1 i

ab i. UJ ) , g u n s v A ri 11 x H.

>e) ,bß91 I 9fTO

•r« ^

1 6 . - T h e s e a l o o k s _ .today

t it looked y e s t e r d a y , ( p e a c e f u l )

17.— Your p r o n u n c i a t i o n i s J o h n ' s , ( g o o d )

1 8 . - P r i c e s a r e t h i s year.. they

w e r e last y e a r , ( h i g h )

1 9 . - T h e M i s s i s s i p p i River is much is s o m e

p l a c e s in o t h e r s , (deep)

2 0 . - T h e s e f l o w e r s a r e „ t h o s e in

y o u r g a r d e n , ( b e a u t i f u l )

S u p e r l a t i v e D e g r e e : We form the s u p e r l a t i v e d e g r e e of most a d j e c — t i v e s by a d d i n g E S T to the p o s i t i v e d e g r e e . If the a d j e c t i v e has more -t h a n -two s y l l a b l e s , w e g e n e r a l l y form -the s u p e r l a -t i v e wi-th mos-t.

POS ITI V E

Ta I 1 Col d

I ri ter est ing

C O M P A R A T I V E

t a l l e r than colder than

m o r e i n t e r e s t i n g than

S U P E R L A T I V E

the t a l l e s t the c o l d e s t

the m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g .

E X E R C I S E :

1.- J o h n is.

2 . - S h e i s _

3 . - New York City is.

S t a t e s . ( l a r g e )

4 . - H e l e n is

.boy in our c l a s s , ( t a l l ) (the t a l l e s t )

.girl in the s c h o o l , ( b e a u t i f u l )

city in the U n i t e d

5 . - Wi I 11 am is.

girl in our c l a s s , ( i n t e l l i g e n t )

s t u d e n t m our c l a s s , ( g o o d )

6 . - T h e M I S S I S S I P P I R i v e r i s _ r i v e r in the

U n i t e d S t a t e s . ( l o n g )

7.- A u g u s t is m o n t h of the year in the U n i t e d

(20)

8 .

9 .

-10.

11.

12.

13,

14, 13

16.

17.

18.

19,

20

T h i s e x e r c i s e is.

( d i f f i c u l t )

Park A v e n u e is

(wi d e )

- Mr. S m i t h is

- G r a c e is

o n e in the w h o l e book.

s t r e e t en New York City.

— M i s s R e e s e is_ s c h o o l , (good)

- That s t o r e is_

.teatcher in our c l a s s , ( b u s y )

girl in our g r o u p , ( p r e t t y )

t e a t c h e r of E n g l i s h in our

.store in town. ( l a r g e )

He is,

- D e c e m b e r is.

.student in our c l a s s , (bad) m o n t h of the year in t h e

U n 1 1 ed S t a t e s . ( c o I d )

_ H e is bom in our class, ( y o u n g )

- We vicitprl niqht--c:lubs in town.

( e x p e n s i v e )

- The P a c i f i c O c e a n is,

( l a r g e )

- T h e s e e x e r c i s e s a r e .

- T h i s -i ^

.ocean in the w o r l d

of all. ( e a s y )

chair in the r o o m .

( c o m f o r t a b l e )

(21)

-•1 1 t_l I

ni rte ¿le

E X E R C I S E P R A C T I C E

C h a n g e the i t a l i c i z e d w o r d from s i n g u l a r to p l u r a l . Then also make

t h e n e c e s s a r y c h a n g e in the form of the v e r b .

1.- T h e book is on the desk.

2 . - T h e man s p e a k s E n g l i s h w e l l .

3 . - T h e boy p l a y s in the park.

4 . - T h e c h i l d p l a y s w i t h the dog.

5 . - T h e m o u s e r u n s into the hole.

6 . - T h e cat r u n s a f t e r the m o u s e .

7 . - H e s p e a k s E n g l i s h w e l l .

8 . - I play t e n n i s e v e r y a f t e r n o o n .

9 . - S h e g o e s to s c h o o l on the bus.

10.- T h e b u s a l w a y s a r r i v e s on time.

1 1 . - T h e c l a s s b e g i n s at o n e o ' c l o c k

1 2 . - T h e w o m a n is in t h e s t o r e .

1 3 . - T h e dish is on the table.

14.- T h e w o m a n is busy.

1 5 . - T h e man is a l s o busy.

(the b o o k s a r e )

W r i t e the p o s s e s s i v e a d j e c t i v e w h i c h c o r r e s p o n d s with the s u b j e c t o f the s e n t e n c e in the b l a n k s at the r i g h t .

1.- T h e boy w a l k s to. c h a i r . (his)

2 . - T h e girl w a l k s to _ c h a i r .

3 . - I walk to c h a i r .

(22)

-•1 1 t_l I

ni rte ¿le

E X E R C I S E P R A C T I C E

C h a n g e the i t a l i c i z e d w o r d from s i n g u l a r to p l u r a l . T h e n also make

t h e n e c e s s a r y c h a n g e in the form of the v e r b .

1.- T h e book is on the desk.

2 . - T h e man s p e a k s E n g l i s h w e l l .

3 . - T h e boy p l a y s in the park.

4 . - T h e c h i l d p l a y s w i t h the dog.

5 . - T h e m o u s e r u n s into the hole.

6 . - T h e cat r u n s a f t e r the m o u s e .

7 . - H e s p e a k s E n g l i s h w e l l .

8 . - I play t e n n i s e v e r y a f t e r n o o n .

9 . - S h e g o e s to s c h o o l on the bus.

10.- T h e b u s a l w a y s a r r i v e s on time.

1 1 . - T h e c l a s s b e g i n s at o n e o ' c l o c k

1 2 . - T h e w o m a n is in t h e s t o r e .

1 3 . - T h e dish is on the table.

14.- T h e w o m a n is busy.

1 5 . - T h e man is a l s o busy.

(the b o o k s a r e )

W r i t e the p o s s e s s i v e a d j e c t i v e w h i c h c o r r e s p o n d s with the s u b j e c t of the s e n t e n c e in the b l a n k s at the r i g h t .

1.- T h e boy w a l k s to. c h a i r . (his)

2 . - T h e girl w a l k s to _ c h a i r .

3 . - I walk to c h a i r .

(23)

5 . - I put c o p y b o o k on the desk. — . —

6 . - Mary^ l i k e s E n g l i s h c l a s s .

7 . - W e bring c o p y b o o k s to the lesson.

8 . - T h e b o y s bring c o p y b o o k s to the l e s s o n . — _ .

9 . - T h e g i r l s bring c o p y b o o k s to t h e l e s s o n .

10.- Our t e a c h e r , Mr. S m i t h , c o m e s to s c h o o l in

car . —

11.- John s t u d i e s E n g l i s h in _ r o o m .

1 2 . - I s t u d y in room. —

13.- T h e dog c h a s e s tail. —

1 4 . T h e cat e a t s d i n n e r .

-lb.- I o f t e n look at watch during the lesson. — —

C h o o s e the c o r r e c t form and w r i t e it in the b l a n k s at the r i g h t .

1.- I s e e (he, h i m ) on the b u s e v e r y day. (him)

2 . - H e s i t s near (1, m e ) at the lesson.

3 . - I go w i t h (she, h e r ) to the m o v i e s v e r y o f t e n .

4 . - We o f t e n s e e (they, t h e m ) at s c h o o l .

b . - I like (she, h e r ) very much.

6 . - I know both (he, h i m ) and h i s b r o t h e r very w e l l .

7 . - H e s i t s near (we, u s ) at the lesson.

8 . - D o n ' t s p e a k to (they, t h e m ) in S p a n i s h .

9 . - I o f t e n go with (they, t h e m ) to the m o v i e s .

10.-' He o f t e n h e l p s (I, m e ) with my l e s s o n s .

(24)

1 2 . D o n ' t lend m o n e y to (she, her).

-1 3 . - Mr^. J o n e s t e a c h e s (we, u s ) E n g l i s h . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1 4 . - H e g i v e s many p r e s e n t s to (she, her). .

15.- P l e a s e e x p l a i n t h i s e x e r c i s e to (me, I).

For the i t a l i c i z e d w o r d or w o r d s in each s e n t e n c e , s u b s t i t u t e the c o r r e c t o b j e c t i v e c a s e p e r s o n a l p r o n o u n .

1.— I s e e J o h n on the b u s every m o r n i n g . (him)

2 . - I o f t e n go to the m o v i e s w i t h M a r y . •

3 . - I like John and H e n r y very m u c h .

4 . - He n e v e r s p e a k s to Mary and me. , ,,.,.„. ..„•

5 . - I a l s o like Mary and H e n r y very m u c h . _ _ _ _ _

6 . - S h e w r i t e s m a n y l e t t e r s to her s i s t e r . ,, M

7 . - I sit near W i l l i am and h i s b r o t h e r . ________________

8 . - I s e e H e l e n in the c a f e t e r i a e v e r y day. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

?.-- I u n d e r s t a n d my t e a c h e r , Mr J o n e s , very w e l l . >

1 0 . - He g i v e s h i s son m u c h m o n e y .

C h a n g e the v e r b of each s e n t e n c e to past time and w r i t e it in the b l a n k s at r i g h t :

1.- We a l w a y s walk to s c h o o l . ( w a l k e d )

2 . - He a r r i v e s at s c h o o l on t i m e e v e r y day. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 . - Our lesson e n d s at two o ' c l o c k . ,

(25)

. i far1e) o i yarrow b n e l

iIdsb nj. abtou) 10 b'tow b 9 s i D i i s i i srli

. n u o n o i q Ibno.3"i9q © v x i o s i d c

• pn 1 iT^oiTi eud no nI1 o 1 >

. t - f B i l lit.: 3 9 i v a m 9i1t Q1 Or (IB

»i1 duiti y i s v ytrrsH b n s nrial s>

.Qiti b n s y*rsM ol s ^ s a q e isvs

. rtoum y r g y m s H b n s (JtjbM 9 A i l Qc

TSri o1 e-v-rfisl ynfiffl s s ^ n L

. '.to^d eirt b(T6 (TiferiliW f b s n j

. t»sb y i 9 V 9 s i*fs o i ni n< i ® h s

w y t s v ,s»fioL "iM D&ai ym infeJe1 IQ1: .ysnoin iloum n o e a r .1 89v re

5 . - T h e y s t u d y in o u r c l a s s .

6 . - W e f i n i s h o u r l e s s o n s at t h r e e o ' c l o c k .

7 o_ j like to s t u d y E n g l i s h .

8 . - H e l e n a n s w e r s all of t h e t e a c h e r ' s q u e s t i o n s .

9 . - W e w a l k t h r o u g h t h e park e v e r y m o r n i n g .

1 0 . - T h e dog f o l l o w s t h e boy e v e r y w h e r e .

1 1 . - I n e e d a n e w b o o k .

1 2 . - W e a l w a y s w a i t f o r her on t h i s c o r n e r .

1 3 . ~ H e w a n t s to l e a r n E n g l i s h .

1 4 . - W e l e a r n m a n y n e w w o r d s in t h i s c l a s s .

1 5 . - I u s e my n e w f o u n t a i n - p e n in e v e r y c l a s s .

C h a n g e to t h e p a s t t i m e ; w r i t e t h e c o r r e c t f o r m of t h e v e r b in t h e

b l a n k s at t h e r i g h t .

, ( w r o t e ) 1 . - S h e w r i t e s m a n y l e t t e r » .

2 . - H e b u y s m a n y b o o k s . '

/

3 . - I r e a d t h e N e w Y o r k T i m e s e v e r y m o r n i n g . •

4 . - S h e d r i n k s m i l k w i t h her m e a l s . — —

H e h a s m a n y f r i e n d s . —

6 . - J o h n s i t s in t h i s s e a t . _ _ _ _ _

-7.-- H e e a t s l u n c h in t h e c a f e t e r i a . — »

8 . - 1 get U P e a r l y e v e r y m o r n i n g .

9 . - H e s p e a k s E n g l i s h w e l l .

1 0 . - H e p u t s h i s b o o k s on t h i s t a b l e .

(26)

C h a n g e to q u e s t i o n form. W r i t e the n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y v e r b f o l l o

-w e d by the s u b j e c t in t h e b l a n k s at the r i g h t . A l s o i n c l u d e t h e m a i n — v e r b . t

1.- H e c o m e s to s c h o o l by bus. <Does he c o m e )

2 . - They speak S p a n i s h w e l l .

3 . - H e g e t s up e a r l y e v e r y m o r n i n g . '

4 . - W e eat dinner at home. ,

5 . - I like to study E n g l i s h . ,

6 . - H e w a n t s to learn E n g l i s h . ^

7 . - I p r e f e r to s t u d y in t h i s c l a s s . „

8 . H e a l w a y s t a l k s to u s in E n g l i s h .

9 . They live n e a r the c o r n e r .

1 0 . He t a k e s h i s car to work e v e r y day. •

-C h a n g e to past time. In the b l a n k s at the r i g h t , fill in the past

t e n s e form of the v e r b of each s e n t e n c e .

1.- H e g o e s to s c h o o l by bus. ( w e n t )

2'.- I hear s o m e o n e in the next r o o m . •

3 . - S h e f e e l s very well a f t e r her o p e r a t i o n .

4 . W e r i d e on the b u s every day.

-5. - I o f t e n s e e him on the s t r e e t .

6 . The t e a c h e r t e l l s u s many i n t e r e s t i n g s t o r i e s .

-7 . - O u r l e s s o n b e g i n s at e i g h t o ' c l o c k .

8 . - I k n o w him very w e l l .

9 . - T h e t r a i n l e a v e s at ten o ' c l o c k . •

(27)

1 1 . - S h e g i v e s me many p r e s e n t s . _ _

1 2 . - They sell many d i f f e r e n t t h i n g s in that s t o r e . ^

t ._,...

13.- O u r t e a c h e r s t a n d s in front of the c l a s s . _ _ _ _ _ _

1 4 . - I u n d e r s t a n d him w h e n he s p e a k s in E n g l i s h . _ _ _ _ _

15.- We s o m e t i m e s s e e him in the c a f e t e r i a . _ _ _ _ _

C h o o s e the c o r r e c t form and w r i t e it in the blank s p a c e .

1.- (Did, d o e s ) John go with you to the m o v i e last n i g h t ? (did)

2 . - Mary (get, g e t s ) u p e v e r y m o r n i n g at s e v e n o ' c l o c k . _ _ _ _ _

3 . - (This, t h e s e ) b o o k s a r e new.

4 . - D o e s a man (see, s e e s ) with h i s e y e s or with h i s e a r s ? .

5 . - W h a t time (do, d i d ) you get up t h i s m o r n i n g ? _________

6 . - D o y o u w a n t (a, a n ) a p p l e ? _ _ _ _ _ _

7 . — T h i s is (a, a n ) hot day. .

8 . - S h e is (a, a n ) h o n e s t p e r s o n . _ _ _ _ _ _ _

9 . - W h e r e (you w e n t , did y o u g o ) y e s t e r d a y a f t e r the lesson ? _ _ _ _ _ _

10.- Mary l i k e s (speak, to s p e a k ) E n g l i s h with the t e a c h e r . _ _ _ _ _

1 1 . - H o w many b o o k s (have, h a s ) W i l l i a m ? ________

1 2 . - T h e r e (is, a r e ) t w o men in Mr. S m i t h ' s o f f i c e . _ _ _ _ _

13. — H e n r y and J o h n (was, w e r e ) not in c l a s s y e s t e r d a y . _ _ _ _ _ _

14.- I (eat, a t e ) lunch with Mary y e s t e r d a y . _______

1 5 . - Y e s t e r d a y I (get, g o t ) up at six o ' c l o c k .

16.— H o w many d a y s (is? a r e ) t h e r e in a week ?

1 7 . - They (go, g o e s ) to the m o v i e s a l m o s t e v e r y n i g h t . _

(28)

n i

dt

e m n

1 9 . - S h e can not ( s p e a k , to s p e a k ) E n g l i s h w e l l .

2 0 . - I O f t e n meet (they, t h e m ) on the s t r e e t .

2 1 . - They (do, d o e s ) not s t u d y in our c l a s s .

2 2 . - Mr. and Mrs. S m i t h (wasn't, w e r e n ' t ) at the m e e t i n g

last n i g h t .

2 3 . - (Do, d i d ) you g e t to the c l a s s on time t h i s m o r n i n g ?

(29)

Figure

Actualización...

Referencias

Actualización...

Descargar ahora (29 pages)