A Synopsis of Colchicaceae and the Aberrant Tribes of Liliacese. By J. 8. BAKER, F.R.S., F.L.S.

106 

Texto completo

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b i ~ . S. 0. BAKER ON COLCHICACEE AND LILIACEB 405 A Synopsis of Colchicaceae and the Aberrant Tribes of Liliacese.

By J.

8.

BAKER,

F.R.S.,

F.L.S.

[Read February 16,1879.1

Introduction.-The present paper is the sixth of a series in which

I

have attempted to monograph the genera and species of the great natural order Liliaces. AS has been explained in a previous paper,

it is

most naturally separated into three main divisions or suborders :-lst. Lilincece vere, marked by a loculicidal cap- sule, an undivided style, and introrse anthers ; 2nd. Cobhicacece, marked by a septicidal capsule, a tripartite style, and extrorse anthers ; and

3rd.

Asparagacete, characterized by

its

baccate fruit. Outside these stand three aberrant tribes, Conanthereae, Liriopeae, and Gilliesies, which those who are inclined to multiply the num- ber of natural orders might plausibly regard as distinct orders. I n the rotatiou i n which my papers have succeeded one another,

I

have followed working convenience, and not strict botanical sequence founded upon affinity. The present paper includes the whole of Colchicaceae and the genera and species of the three ab- erraut tribes just named, and, in addition, three small tribes

of

Liliacea Vera which are almost peculiar to Australia, and which

I

treat now so as to leave only two well-marked groups to be dealt with on a future occasion :-firs$ the suffruticose Liliacem (Yucca and DasyZirion with the Aloines) ; and, secondly, the tribe Allieae, which only includes Goyea and Nothoseordzcin in ad- dition to its large type genus.

The suborder Colchicaceae includes 39 genera and

153

species.

Of

the three suborders of Liliaces,

it

includes by far the greater number of genera which deviate from the subordinal characteris tics.

In

a large number of the genera the dehiseence of the anther is by no means definitely extrorse.

In

Uvulariese, the tribe of Colchicacese which includes the largest number of genera, the styles are more or less combined. In Anguillarieae, Helonies, Tofieldiere, and some of the genera of Uvularieoe the dehiscence of the capsule

is

loculicidal. Altogether 24 out of 39 genera deviate more

or

less from the ideal Colchicaceous type in the direction of Liliacese verae ; so that

it

seems utterly hopeless to attempt to keep up Colchicaces or Melanthiaces as

a

distinct natural order, as has often beeu proposed.

Out

of the seven tribes here adopted, Colchicez~, Merenderes, and Veratres are the only three

(2)

406 MR. J. G. BAKEIL ON COLCIIICAOEB A N D

in

which

all the characters just stated

as characteristic of the suborder are found combined. The other four tribes, AnguUa- rieae, Uvularieae, Helonies, and Tofieldieae deviate from it more

or

less decidedly.

h o t h e r point

to

be noticed

is

that amongst the genera placed under Colchicaceae we

find

by far the greater number of those regarded as Liliaceo which recede conspicuously from the ideal Liliaceous type, or connect Liliaces with other natural mders. The principal Colchicaceous genera that

fall

under this head are the following, viz. :-

Weldenia. Segments

of

the perianth three instead of

six.

Hewardia. Stamens three, and leaves equitant and disti- chous. An excellent connecting link between Liliaceae and Iridaceo.

Xilligania,

by

its inflorescence, habit, and pilose leaves

and

flowers much resembles Astelia.

Chionographis. Three perianth-segments suppressed, and

fla-

ments nearly or almost suppressed.

Sfenanthiurn and Anticlea. Perianth at the base adnate to the ovary.

Pleea. Leaves distichous. Stamens

9-12.

Seeds tailed a t the tip.

Triantha. Leaves distichous. Seeds tailed a t both ends, as

in

NaTthecizcm and Juncus.

To$eldia. Leaves as

in

the two last, but the seeds nof tailed.

Petrosavia.

A

true parasitic Saprophyte, with

all

the leaves rudimentary and scariqse, and an apocarpous trimerous pistil.

&oliopw.

Ovary unilocular, with three parietal placentas.

A

certain number of the Cape and Australian genera, as W u m b e a , Anguillaria,

Dipidax,

and Burchardia, by the firm texture and persistent duration

of

their flower-wrappers, recede from the Liliaceous type in the direction of Juncaces.

A

large number of the Veratres and Heloniee are decidedly polygamous- a character almost unknown

in

Liliaces verae, but found

in

several genera of Asparagaces. The curious unilocular reniform anther of the Veratres is unique in the natural order.

I n

Liliaces verae there are many large and few monotypic genera j and they fall

readily into natural tribes. I n Colchicaces none

of

the genera are large, and many contain only one or two species; and, with

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T E E ABERRANT TRIBES OF LILIACEE. MOf

the exception of Veratres and Helonies, the tribes are not satis- factory. W e have in the suborder both the gamophyllous and polyphyllous types of perianth copiouslJr represented, and both the bulbous and non-bulbous types of rootstock. About the geo- graphical distribution

of

the suborder there is nothing peculiar ; it simply follows the general plan of Liliaceae, taking the order as

a

whole, Colchicaceze, broadly speaking, being found in all the floras into which the order enters.

Next, as to the aberrant tribes. Conantherae, with six genera and eleven species,

is

obviously a link

of

connexion between. Liliaceae and Amaryllidee.

I n all

the genera except TecophilBa the ovary simply adheres to the perianth towards

its

base, w i n fitenanthiurn and Anticlea. The anthers always dehisce

by

ter- minal pores ; but we have this occurring in the suborder Aspara- gacee in Dimella. Four of the genera are South-American and two South-African. The habit of all, except Wableria,

is

Anthe- ricoid.

Liriopes and Gilliesieae are both very interesting structurally. Both are small tribes, sharply limited geographically, which ex- hibit in their extreme genera a very striking departure from the Liliaceous type and contain other genera in which the interval is gradually bridged over. I n Liriopeae we have fourteen species under three genera.

I n

all the three the

fruit

and seeds are pre- cisely alike, the latter rupturing the pericarp

in

an early stage, and growing afterwards to a large size and berry-like appearance. I n its perianth and stamens, Liriope itself does not in any way recede from the typical Liliaceous type ; e u g g e n simply differs from

it by

the ovary being adnate

a t

the base to the perianth ;

whilst the extreme genus Peliosanfhes shows a partially inferior ovary and a corona apparently homologous with that of Narcissus, inside which the anthers are placed. I n Gilliesies, where we have seven genera almost restricted to Chili, of which five are monotypic, Gilliesia and Niersia represent the extreme difference, and the other five the bridge which connects

it

with typical Liliaces.

(4)

408 MR. J. Ct. B A g E R ON COLOHIOAOEE AND

SYNOPSIS

TRIBUUX ET

G E N E R U M

Subordo

I. LILIACEE

VERB. Antherae introrsse.

Styli

sim- plices. Fructus capsularis loculicido-trivalvis.

Tribus

I.

BORYEE.

Periantbium gamophyllum. Herbae haud bulbose, floribus dense capitulatis, singulis bracteis

2

glumaceis perianthii tubo aequilongis stipatis. Amtralienses.

1. BORYA. Stamina 6 libera. Herbae humiles sufiuticosae, pedunculis

simplicibns nudis brevibus.

2. ARNOCRINUM. Stamina 3 connata. Herbae juncoideae, caulibus ra- mosis elongatis.

Tribus

11.

SOWEREBEE. Perianlhium firmulum 6-partitum. Herbae haud bulbose, floribus umbellatis, bracteis minutis. Aus- traliemes.

3. SOWERBIEA. Stamina perfecta 3. Acaulis, foliis rosidatis. 4. ALANIA. Stamina perfecta 6. Caulis foliatus.

Tribus

III. APHYLLANTHEB.

Perianthium membranaceum

6-

Herbae rigidae rhizomatosae, floribus capitatis, bracteis partitum.

magnis glumaceis persistentibus stipatis.

*

Triandri.

5. JOHKSONIA. Capituli bracteae omnes glumarea Australia occi-

6. STAWELLIA. Capituli bracteae multae evteriores subulatse foliis dentalis.

conformes. Australia occidentalis.

**

Hexandri.

7.

LAXMANNIA. Foliaproducta multa subulata. Perianthii segmenta

8. APHY LLANTHES. Folia omnia vaginiformia. Periantliii segmenta

biformia. Australia.

conformia. Regio Mediterranea occidentalis.

8ubordo

11. COLCHICACEB.

Antherae saepissime extrorsE. Fructus capsularis saepissime septicido- Tribus

I. COLCHICEE.

Herbae bulbosae. Perianthium gamo- h t h e r w biloculares lineares vel oblongae extrorsum

Styli

saepissime liberi.

trivalvis.

(5)

THE A B E R R A " TRIBES OF LILIACEE. 409 vel margine dehiscentes. Styli liberi. Capsula septicido-tri-

\ alvis.

Acaulis, floribus radicalibus, perianthio corollino.

10. WURMBEA. Caulescens, floribus spicatis, perianthio firmulo.

C.

9. COLCBICUM.

Europa, Africa borealis, Asia occidentalis.

B. Spei, Africa tropicalis, Australia occidentalis.

Tribus

11.

MEEENDEEEE.

H e r b s sspissime bulboss. Peri- Anthers biloculares lineari -oblongs ex- anthiurn 6-partiturn.

trorsae. Styli liberi. Capsula septicido-trivalvis.

*

Acades, perian

fhio

coroJlino, segmentis

longe

wgt.&ulatis.

11. MERENDERA. Perianthii lamina segmentorum subplana. Europa, Oriens, Caucasus, Abyssinia.

12. ANDROCYMBIUM. Perianthii lamina segmentorum basi cucullata. C. B. S'ei, Africa trop., regio medib.

**

Caulescewtes, perianthio&mulo, segmentis haud

vel

breviter

tmguieulatis.

13. BBOMETRA. Perianthii segmenta distincte unguiculata. Stamina

14. DIPIDAX. Perianthii segmenta obsrure unguiculata. Stamina

15. BURCHARDIA. Perianthii segmenta vix unguiculata. Stamina perigyna. Flores spicati vel solitarii. Bulbosa. C. B. Spei.

perigyna. Flores spicati. Bulbosa.

C.

B. Spei.

hypogyna. Ehulbosa. Flores umbellati. Australia.

Tribus

III. ANGUILLAEIEB.

H e r b s bulbosa. Perianthium 6-partituin. Anthers biloculares oblougs extrorss.

Styli

liberi. Capsula loculicido-trivalvis.

Perianthii segmenta distincte unguiculata, flore expanso reflexa. Styli elongati. C. B. Spei, Madagascaria.

Perianthii segmenta vis unguiculata flore expanso patula. Styli breves. Flores corymbosi vel solitarii. Regiones calid.

veteris orbis.

Perianthiisegmenta vis unguiculata, flore expanso 16. ORNITHOGLOSSUM.

17.

IPHIGENIA.

18. ANGUILLARIA.

patula. Styli breves. Flores spicati, raro solitarii. Australia.

Tribus

IV.

UVULAEIEB.

H erbs raro bulboss. Perianthium gamophylluni vel 6-partitun. Anthers biloculares, lineares vel oblongs, extrorss. Styli plus minusve coaliti. Capsula septicido- vel loculicido-trivdvis.

(6)

410 ME. J. ct. BAKER ON COLUHIUAUEE AND

*

Periarnthiwn

gamophyllm.

19. SANDERSONIA. Perianthium urceolatum, segmentis deltoitleis vel lanceolatis. Caulis foliatus, f o l k latis acuminatis. C. B. Spei,

Angola.

acaulis, foliis linearibus. Amer. bor.

20. LEUCOCRIKUM. Perianthium hypocrateriforme, segmentis 6. Snb-

21. WELDENIA. Perianthium hypocrateriforme, segmentis 3. Sub- acaulis, foliis lanceolatis. Mexico.

22. MILLIGANIA. Perianthium campauulatnm pilosum. Folia radi- calia rosulata, caulina pauca reducta. Tasmania.

+* Perianthium

6-partiturn.

t

Acaulis, bulbosa.

23. BULBOCODIUM. Genus solum. Europa.

#

Scarndentes, tuberosm, foliis

omnibus

caulinis.

24. GLOIIIOSA. Stylus basi diffractus. Perianthii s e p e u t a reflexa,

25. LITTONIA. Stylus erectus. Perianthii segments diu ascendentia.

Reg. calid. veteris orbis.

C. B. Spei.

ti-?

Caulescentes, haud bulbosre rnec tuberom.

96. HELONIOPSIS. Stamina 6. Folia radicalia rosulata multifaria,

caulina pauca reducta. Japonia, China.

pauca valde reducta. Tasmania.

vissimis. Capsula lata. Folia omnia caulina. Amer. bor. orientalis. Anthem parvae oblongae versatiles, filamentis elonga- tis. Capsula angusta. Folia omnia caulina. Japonia, China, Himalaya

orientalis.

Perianthii segments basi haud foveolata, margine glandulosa. Fructus subbaccatus. Folia omnia caulha. Australia ori-

mtalis.

32. SCHELHAMMERA. Perianthii segments basi foveolata, margine nuda. Fructus Wbbaccatus. k’olia omnia caulina. Australia orien-

t a l k

27. HEWARDIA. Stamina 3. Folia radicalia plura disticha, caulina

Antherae lineares basifixae apiculatEe, filamentis bre-

28. UVULARTA. 29. TRICYRTIS.

30. KREY SIGIA.

(7)

411

partitum. Antherae minutze globoss biloculares extrorsse. SQli liberi. Capsula loculicido-trivalvis.

THE ABEEEANT TRIBES OF L I L I A I J E ~ .

*

B'olia aura angusta. B'Jores bracteati.

32. X E R O P H Y L L ~ Y . Genus solum. Amer. bor.

**

Eolia obbanceolata sybpetiolata.

productis. Filamenta elongata. Amer. bor. orient. , produdis. Filamenta elongata. Amer. bor. orielit.

Bores ebracteati.

33. HELONIAS. Flores hermaphroditi racemosi, perianthii segmentis 6

34. CHAMBLIRIUM. Flcres dioici racemosi, perianthii segmentis 6

35. CHIONOGRAPHIS. Flores hermaphroditi spicati, perianthii seg- Pilamentr brevissima vel subnulla. mentis 3 (raro 2 vel 4) productis..

Japonia.

Tribus

VJ.

VERATREB.

H e r b e bulbosae vel rhizomatosae.

Pe-

Anthem Styli liberi. rianthium 6-partitum, raro t u b e brevi ovario adnato.

ininutae reniformes demum uniloculares extrorse.

Capsula

septicido-trivalvis.

*

Perdanthizwn ldberm 6-partitum. f mores

polygmi, m d t i

haud fructiferi.

36. VERATRUM. Flores paniculati. Perianthii segmenta neque ungui- culata nec foveolata. Caulis foliatus, foliis srepissime latis plicatis. Rerjio t m p e r a t a borealis.

37. MELANTHIUM. Flores paniculati. Perianthii segmenta unguicu- lata et foveolata. Caulis foliatus. A m . bos. orientalis.

38. SCH(ESOCAULON. Flores subspicati. Caulis nudus. 4 m e r . bor. orient., Mexico.

f-f Bores herwaphroditi.

39. AUIAKTHIUM. Perianthii segmeuta basi neque unguiculata uec Perianthii segmenta basi imguiculata et foveolata. foveolata. Flores racemosi. Amer. bor. orient.

40. ZYGADENUS.

Plores ssepissime paniculati. Amer. bor.

**

Perianthiwm basi ovrwio udnatum.

41. ANTICLEA. Perianthii segmenta lata basi foveolata. Amer. bor.

42. STENANTHIUM. Perianthii segmenta linearia basi haw1 foveolata.

Amer. bor., Asia borealis, Mexico.

(8)

412

MR. J. Q. BAKER ON COLCHICACEE AND

angustis. Perianthium firnulum persistens 6-partiturn.

An-

t h e m biloculares, introrsum vel margine dehiscentes. Styli liberi. Capsula septicido-trivalvis. 43. TOFIELDIA. Stamina 6. frigidiores. Japonia. bor. orient. 44. TRIANTHA. Stamina 6. 45. PLEEA. Stamina 9-12.

Semina ecaudata. Regiones boreales

Semina utrinque caudata. Amer. bor.,

Semina apice setaceo-caudata. Amer.

Genera anomala Colchicacearzcm.

46. PETROS AVIA. Herba parasitica, foliis omnibus rudimentariis sca-

47. SCOLIOPUEE. Ovarium uniloculare, placentis tribus parietalibus. riosis, carpellis 3 liberis. Borneo.

Amer. bor. occidentalir.

TRIBUS

ABEERILNTES

LILIACEARUM.

Tribus

I. CONANTHEREE.

H e r b a bulboss, perianthio' basi ovario adnato, antheris poris apicalibus dehiscentibus.

*

Chilenses et Peruvian&.

48. CONANTHERA. Perianthium ad ovarium 6-partitum. Stamina 6, antheris elongatis in conum dispositis. Staminodia nulla.

49. CUMINGIA. Perianthium hypoFrateriforme, tubo supra ovarium producto. Stamina 6, antheris linearibus. Staminodia nulla.

Perianthium hypocrateriforme, tubo supra ovarium producto. Staminodis 2, cum staminibus fertilibus alterna. Anthere oblonge.

51. TECOPHILIEA. Perianthiuni hypocrateriforme, tubo supra ova- rium producto. Stamina 3 anteriora fertilia, antheris oblongis ; 3 poste- riora sterilia.

50. ZEPHYRA.

**

African@.

Perianthium ringens, staminibus curvatis inequali- bus. Folia multa radicalia rosulattt, caulina pauca reducta. C . B.

Spei.

53. WALLERIA. Perianthium regulare, antheris in conum contiguis. Folia omnia caulina. Africa tropicalis australis.

52. CYAKELLA.

Tribus

11.

LIRIOPE~E.

Herbae acaules rhizomatoss, perianthi o regulari, basi ssepissime ovario adnato, pericarpio cito rupto, seminibus drupiformibus in luce maturescentibus.

(9)

T B E ABEBRANT TRIBES O F LILTACEIS. 418 54. LIRIOPE. Ovasum liberum. Corona nulla. Filamenta antheris

55. FLUGGEA. Ovarium basi periantbio adnatum. ' Corona nulls.

56. PELIOSANTHES. Ovarium basi perianthio adnatum. Perianthium

Asia tropicalis et &-

aequilonga. Asia orientalis.

Filamenta brevissima. Asia orientalis, Himalaya.

fauce coronatum, antheris intra eoronam inelusis.

tropicalis.

Tribus

111.

GILLIESIEIS.

Perianthium viridulum liberum, staminibus

plus

minusve irregdaribus, paucis

vel multia

abortivis difformibus

.

*

Perianthim polyphyllm.

57. MIERSIA. Perianthium bilabiatum. Stamina biseriata, filamen- tis. interiorum

i~

urceolum obliquum connatis, antheris productis 6.

Chili.

58. GILLIESIA. Perianthium multifarium. Stamina biseriata, fila- mtntis interiorum in urceolum obliquum eonnatis, antberis productis 3.

Chili.

Perianthii segmenta biformia, exteriora lanceolata Stamina uniseriata anthe-

59. TRICHLORA.

acuminata, interiora obovato-cuneata minuta. ris productis. Peruvia.

Stamina uniseriata, antheris productis 3.

60. GETHY UM. Periantbii segmenta conformia linearia acuminata.

Chili.

+*

Perianthium basi gamophyllum, tubo brevi campanulato

pradatzcm.

61. SOLARIA. Periauthii segmenta conformia ovato-laneeolata. Sta- 62. ERINNA. Perianthii segmenta conformia liueari-lanceolata. Sta-

63. BKCRUMIA. Perianthii segmenta biformia, exteridra Ianceolata, Stamina triseriata, fertilia 2, sterilia multa minutissima.

mina uniseriata, 3 fertilia, 3 sterilia minutissima. Chili.

mina uniseriata, 3 fertilia, 3 sterilia minutissima. Chili.

interiors linearia. Chili.

Subordo

I.

L I L I A C E E

V E R B .

1.

BOBYA,

Labill.

Labill. Nov. Holl.

i.

81,

t.

107 ;

R.

Br. Prod. 286 ; E n d . Gen.

No.

1170 ; E u n t h , Efizcm. iv. 645 ; Benth. 31. Austral. vii.

70.-

Daviesia, Lam. I l l .

Sqpl.

10, non Smith.-Baumgartenia, Spreng. Syst. iii. 91.

Perianthium gamophyllum album

mem-

(10)

414

ME. J. G. BAKER ON COLCHIUACEE AND

branaceurn marcescens, tubo cylindrico, segmentis subsequalibus lanceolatis, flore expanso patulis. Xtarni.na 6 ad faucem tubi in- serta uniseriata, filamentis filiformibus, antheris basifixis ovoideis introrsum longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Ovarium sessile ovoi- deum triloculare, ovulis in loculo paucis ; stylus filiformis, stig- mate cnpitato. Capsub membranacea loculicido-trivalvis, semini- bus in loculo paucis turgidis, testa atra crustacea, albumine car- noso. Herbre sufruticosm humiles perennes, Jibris radicalibus duris, f $ i i s angustissimis

pinif

rmibus confertis rigidis pungenti- bzcs,pedunwlis nzcdis,JEoribus in capitulum globosum foliorum ver-

ticillo involucratum dirrpositis, sinqulis bracteis 2 g l m a c e i s oblongis obtzlsis perianthii tubo aquilongis stirpatis.

Perianthii tubo segmenta lanceolata duplo breviora. Perianthii tubo segmenta linearia triplo breviora.

1.

B.

nitida.

2.

B.

septentrionalis. 1. B. NiTIDA, Labill. loc. Gt.; R. Br. Prod. 286 ; Kunth, Enum. iv. 645 ; F. Muell. Fragm. vii. 87.-B. lucens, POir. Encyc.viii. 615 ; Kunth,

loc. cit.-B. scirpoidea, Lindl. Swan

River,

57, t. 9 j Kunth, loc. cit.- B. gracilis et cataractae, Endl.

PI.

Preiss. ii. 43. Herba suffruticosa rrecta 2-6-pollicaris, caulibus simplicibus vel basi parce vel flabellato-ra- mosis, deorsum basibus foliorum delapsorum notatis. Folia congesta as- cendentia saepe falcata anguste linearia rigida pungentia 9-18 lin. longa

$ lin. lata, saepissime glabra. Pedunculus strictus 14-pollicaris. Capi- tulum 3-6 lin. diam., involucri bracteis linearibus pungentibus capitulo saepissilne longioribus. Bractee propriae oblongae rigidae obtuse brunneae vel atrae 2-3 lin. longae. Perianthii tubus 2-3 lin. longus, segmentis lan- ceolatis quam tubus subduplo brevioribus. Australia occidental+. Var. SUB-

LANOSA, Benth. (Drummond 98 !), est forma nana flabellato -ramosa, foliis lanoso-pubescentibos 6-9 lin. longis; B. GRACILIS, Endl., est forma de-

bilis foliis paucis, involucri bracteis plerisque obsoletis j B. SPHBROCE- PHALA, R. Br. Pro&. 236, est varietas robusta, f o l k 2-3 poll. longis strictis erectis, capitulis majoribus.

2. B. S E P m N T R i o N A L i s , F. Muell. Fragm. v. 41 ; Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 71. Herba erecta suffruticosa semipedalis vel pedalis, caulibus sim- plicibus vel furcatis, vetustis basi longe cicatricibus foliorum delapsorum praeditis. Folia producta dense conferta erecta rigida 1-14 poll. longa,

t-f

lin. lata, apice pungentia. Pedunculus strictus erectus 5-7-pollicaris. Capitulum semipollicare, involucri bracteis linearibus pungentibus 3-4 lin. longis. Bracteae proprize oblongae obtusae albidae, sursuu brunneae, 3 lin. long=. Perianthii tubus 4 lin. longus, segmentis linearibus quam tubus triplo brevioribus. Australia orientalis in ditione Queensland, Dallachy !

(11)

THE ABERRANT TRIBES OF LILIACEI.

415

2.

AXXOCEINUM,

Endl. et Lehna.

Endl.

et Lehm. Plant. Preiss.

ii. 41;

Benth. 31. Austral. vii. 69.

Plores hermaphroditi. Perianthiam gamophyllum violaceurn membranaceum marcescens, tubo cylindrico, segmentis subsqua- libus oblongis flore expanso patulis post anthesin spiraliter con- volutis. Xtamina 3 ad faucem tubi inserta, staminodiis 6liformi- bus sspissime alternantia, filamentis fdiformibus brevibus, an- theris connatis introrsum longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Ovariarn sessile obovoideum triloculare, ovulis in loculo 2 ; stylus filiformis, apice stigmatoso. Capsula rnembranacea loculicido-trivalvis, semi- nibus turgidis, testa atra crustacea, albumine carnoso. Herbce jwncoidece caspitosm iaud bulbom, collo radicis sapissime dense albo-lanoso, caalibzcs eloflgatis vamosis, foliie linearibw rigidulis p l e r i q u e radicalibus, JEoribus minutis dense capitalatis, singulis

bracteis

2

glumaceis periantiii tubo

cepzlilongis

stipatis. Collum radicis dense albo-lanosum.

Capitulum parce yilosum

...

1.

A.

Drummmdii. Capitulum dense pilosum

...

2. A.

Preissii. Collum radicis haud lanosum.

...

3.

A.

glabrurn.

1. A. ~ R U M M O N D I I , Endl.

PI.

Preiss. ii. 41 ; Benth. Fa. Austral. vii.

69. Collum radicis crasse albo-lanosum. Folia radicalia anguste linearia figidula uninervata erecta 1i-3 poll. longa plus minus pilosa Caules pedales vel sesquipedales tenues rigidi glabri simplices vel parce ramosi, no& paucis, superioribus foliis bracteiformibus minutis deltoideis scario- sis, inferioribus foliis singulis linearibus reductis basi lanosis prseditis. Capitula oblonga 6-9 lin. longa parce pilosa, bracteis exterioribus oblongo- lanceolatis 3 lin. longis dorso chartaceis viridibus mmgine hyalinis ciliatis. Perianthii tubus cylindricus 3 lin. longus, segmentis tubo aequilon- gis. Australia occidentalis adgumen Cygni etc., Drummond

777

! Preiss 26401 &c.

2. A. PREISSII, Lehm.

P1.

Preks. ii. 42; Benth.

Fl.

Austral. vii. 70.

Collum radicis crasse albo-lanosum. Folia radicalia pauca linearia glabm rigida 2-3 poll. longa. Caules 1-2-pedales robustiores et magis ramosi quam in A. Drummmdii, ramis ad axillas lanosis, foliis superioribus minu-

tia deltoideis scariosis, iuferioribus radicalibus conformibus sed reductis. Capitulr oblonga 6 -9 lin. longa dense pilasa, bracteis exterioribus lanceo- latis cuspidatis 3-4 lin. longis rigidis dorso pallidis pilis albidis lanosis ascendentibus firmulis vestitis, euspidibus nigricantibus interdum leyiter squaprosis. Perianthium 4 lin. longum, segmentis tubo sequilongis. Aus-

(12)

416 MR. J. 0. BAKER ON COLCHICACEE AND

tralia occidentalis in ditione jeuminis Cygni etc., Drummond 778 ! Preiss 22261 etc.

Species imperfecte cognita.

3. A. GLABRUM, Baker. Collum radicis haud lanosum. Folia radira-

lia linearia glabra semipedalia. Caules caespitosi bipedales parce ramosi, ramorum axillis haud lanosis. Capitula globosa 3 4 lin. longa, bracteis pallidis firmis lanceolatis glabris acutis. Flores non vidi. Australia oc-

cidentalis in ditiene jeuminis Cygni, Drummond !

3. SOWERBBA, Sowerby.

Smith in T r a m . Linn. Soc. v. 160,

t.

6 ;

R.

B r . Pro&. 285 j

Endl.

Gen.

No.

1138 ; Kunth, E m m .

iv.

6 4 1 ; B e n t h 31. Austral. vii. 61.

Perianthium firmulum c a m p a n d a t u m 6-partiturn persistens, segmentis subsequalibus oblongis vel lanceolatis dorso l - n e r - vatis, interioribus paulo longioribus. Stamina 3 hypogyna in-

clusa segmentis interioribus opposita, filamentis latis brevibus, antheris bilocularibus basifixis profunde bifidis introrsum longi- tudinaliter dehiscentibus ; stamiuodia 3 ovata vel lanceolata segmentis exterioribus opposita interdum abortiva. Ovarium sessile triloculare, ovulis in loculo 2-6 ; stylus filiformis, apice stigmatosus. Capsula minuta chartacea loculicido-trivalvis, Remi- nibus triquetris, testa nigra crustacea puuctata, albumine carnoso, embryone minuto. Herbm glabra? acaules haud bulbosm habitu Allii,Jibris radicalibws gracilibus duris, f o l i i s duris semiteretibus, JEoribus multis rubellis simpliciter urnbellatis, pedicellis apice arti-

culatis bmi bracteis membranaceis instructis. Staminodia staminibus alternantia.

Perianthii segmenta oblonga

...

1.

S. j m c e a . Perianthii segmentn lanceolata

...

2. S. laxt$ora. Staminodia abortiva.

...

3.

S.

alliacea.

1. S. JUNCEA, Smith auctt. locc. citt. Polia rigidgla lineari-subulata subpedalia, supra basin

t

lin. lata, facie plana dorso rotundata, basi dila- tata, marginibus latis hyalinis. Scapus simplex gracilis teres pedalis vel sesquipedalis. Umbella densa globosa 12-15 liu. diam., pedicellis 3-6 lin. longis, bracteis exterioribus ovatis rubellis 2 lin. longis, interioribus albi- dis. Perianthium 3-4 lin. longum, segmentis oblongis 14-14 lin. latis. Stamina perianthio duplo breviora staminodiis lanceolrtis alteruantia, an- theris 1 lin. longis profunde bifidis. Capsula globosa 1 lin. longa, semini- bus in loculo solitariis. Australia orientalis a Queensland ad Victoriam.

(13)

T H E ABERRANT TRIBES OF LILTACEIB.

417

2. S. LAXIFLORA, Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1841, t. 10; Benth.

Fl.

Austral.

vii. 62. Folia semipedalia vel pedalia semiteretia minus rigidula quam in speciebus alteris, basi anguvte hyalino marginata. Caulis pedalis vel ses- quipedalis, basi interdum ramosus. Umbella 12-18 lin. diam., pedicellis 3-6 lin. longis, bracteis ovato-lanceolatis 13-2 lin. longis, esterioribus viri-

dulis. Perianthium 3 lin. longum, segmentis lanceolatis acutis. Stamina perianthio paulo breyiora staminodiis alternantia. Capsula 1;-2 lin. longa, seminibus in loculo 3-4. Australia occidentab.

3. S. ALLIACEA, F. Muell. Fragm. vi. 180; Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 62. Folia rigidula lineari-subulata 6-9 poll. longa

+

lin. lata, facie plana, dorso rotundata, basi angustissime hyalino marginata. Caulis gracilis pedalis basi interdum ramosus. Umbella 6-9 lin. diam., pedicellis 2 3 lin. longis, bracteis minutis lanceolatis. Perianthium 2 lin. longum, segmentis ob- longis 1 lin. latis. Stamina perianthio duplo breviora. Staminodia nulla. Capsula 2-1 lin. longa, seminibus in loculo solitariis. Australia borealis in terra Arnhem, Gulliver !

4.

ALANIA,

Endl.

Endl. Gen.

No.

1168 ; Kunth, Enum. iv. 644; Benth.

BY.

Austral, vii. 62.

Perianthium campanulatum albidum firmulum 6-partitum, seg- mentis aequalibus lanceolatis diu ascendentibus dorso uninervatis. fltamina 6

hypogpua

perianthio aequilonga, filamentis filiformibus, antheris minutis oblongis erectis iutrorsum longitudinaliter de- hiscentibua. Ovariwn ovoideum sessile triloculare, ovulis

iu

loculo paucis superpositis ; stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato. C q s u l a chartacea loculicido-trivalvis, seminibus minutiasimis oblongis, testa nigra nitida crustacea, albumine carnoso, embry one minuto.

Hekba suffruticosa gla- berrima, eaulibus simpliciiius vel furcatis semipedalibns. Folia conferta anguste hnearia patula uninervata 3-1 poll. longa

&&

lin. lata. Pedun- culi nudi laterales foliis subaequilongi. Umbellae inexpansae conicae spicatae, bracteis pallidis chartaceis imbriratis, expansae globosae 9-12 lin. diam. 30-40-5oree pedicellis inarticulatis 2-3 lin. longis, bracteis minutis 14-2 lin. longis. Perianthium 1 liu. longum. Capsula perianthio aequilonga. Gallia nova australis in montibus Ceruleis,

A.

Cunningham! etc.

1. A. ENDLICHERI, Kunth et Benth. Zocc. citt.

5.

JOHNSONIA,

R.

Br.

R.

Br. Prodr. 287; Endl. Gen.

No.

1172 ; Kunth, Enum. iv.

Hares con L'ormes. l'eriunthiuin cyliiidriculn G-partitum marccs-

(14)

418

MB. J. GT. BAKEB ON COLCHIOACEB AND

cens, segmentis lanceolati~ subaequalibus 3-5-nervatis diu ascen- dentibus. Xtamina 3 inclusa profunde perigyna perianthii seg- mentis interioribus opposita, filamentis brevibus applanatis, an- theris linearibus basifixis introrsum longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Xtaminodia nulla. Ovariunz sessile obovoideum triloculare, ovulis

in

loculo

2,

unico

pendulo, unico ascendente; stylus rectus filifor- mis, stigmate capitato. Capsula chartacea obovoidea loculicido- triralvis, seminibus

in

loculo saepissime solitariis oblongis con- spicue strophiolatis, testa nigra nitida crustacea, albumine carnoso, embryone centrali. Eerbm acaules dense ccmpitose breviter rhizo- rnatosm$oliis rigidis anguste linearibus omnibus radicalibus,,@~ibzle

minutis

in c a p i t b l m oblongzcm solitarium aggregatis, bracteis inagnis lanceolatis acutis planiv chartaceis arcte imbricatis $ores

occultantibus.

Elata, bracteis 9-12 lin. longis, inferioribus Humiles, bracteis 5-6 lin .longis, inferioribus

multis sterilibus reductis

...

1.

J:

l u p l i n a . paucis sterilibus reductis.

Bcapus productus

...

2.

J.

pubescens. Scapus subnullus vel brevissimus

...

3.

J.

acaulis.

1. J. LUPULINA, R . Br. Prodr. 287; Bauer 111. t. 1 ; F. Muell. Fragm.

vii. 86 j Kunth, Enum. ii. 648 ; Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 68. Ubique glahra. Folia erecta anguste linearia pedalia et ultra 1 lin. lata subtiliter crebre nervata. Scapus gracilis strictus compressus 1+2-pedalis supra capitudi basin productus 1-3 poll. longus apice subpungente. Capitulum oblon- gum 14-3 poll. longum, bracteis fertilibus 9-12 lin. longis stramineis con- coloribus vel margine purpurasrentibus, multis inferioribus sterilibus re- ductis. Perianthium 3-36 lin. longum'. Capsula obovoidea 3-3+ lin. longa. Australia occidentalis, Drummond 21 1 ! 350 ! Preiss 1579 !- J. TERETIFOLIA, Endl.

PZ.

Preiss. ii. 40 (Preiss 1582 I), est forms foliis

subteretibus.

2 .

J.

P U B E S C E N S , f i n d . Swan River, App. 57 ; Kunth, Enum. iv. 648 ;

Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 68.--5. hirta, F. Muell. Fragm. vii. 87, ex parte. Folia rigidula semipedalia

4

lin. lata glabra vel demum obscure pubes- centia. Scapus gracilis glaber strictus 4-6-pollicaris supra capituli basin

in bracteam 9-12 lin. longam productus. Capitulum oblongum 12-18 bn. longum, bracteis pallide stramineis vel brunneo vel margine rubro tinctis acutis arcte imbricatis 5-6 lin. longis ubique glabris vel margine obscure ciliatis, infimis paucis solitariis reductis. Perianthium 2 lin. lon- gum. Capsula perianthio sequilonga. Australia occidentalis, Drum-

(15)

T l l E ABEEEANT TRIBES OF LILTACEE. 419

Var. J. HIRTA, Lindl. Swan River, App. 57, t.

7

j Kunth, Enum. iv. 648.

Robustior, foliis ubique pilis brevibus albidis patentibus vel reflexis vesti- tis, capitulis la-2 poll. longis, bracteis piimum dorso pubescentibus. Aus-

tralia occidentalk-J. LONGIFOLIA, Endl. PI. Preiss. ii. 40 (Beis8

1584), est forma foliis subpedalibus, scapis 2-3 poll. longis.-J. MUCRO- NATA, Endl. Zoc. cit. (Preiss 1560 !)

,

est forma foliis pubescentibus an- gustioribus subteretibus, capitulis paucifloris, bracteis minoribus dorso viridulo tinctis.

3. J. ACAULIB, Endl.

Pl.

fieiss.

ii.

41 ; Benth. n. Austral. vii. 69.-J. hirta, F. Muell. Fragm. vii. 87, exparte. Folia glabra rigidula erecta 4-5

poll. longa

+

lin. Iata. Scapi brevissimi vel subnulli supra capituli basin in bracteam linearem rigidam 5-6 lin. longam producti. Capitula ad caespitem

1-4 oblonga 9-12 lin. longa, bracteis lanceolatis chartaceis glabris pallide

brunneis 5-6 lin. longis, infimis paucis sterilibus reductis. Perianthium

2 lin. longum. Capsula perianthio cequilonga. Australia occidentalis, Drummond ! Preiss 1581 !

Tar. DKUMMONDII, Baker. Robustior, foliis el lin. latis ubique pu- bescentibus, capitulis ad caespitern 6-8 majoribus, bracteis dorso pubescen- tibus. Australia occidentalis, Drummond !

6. STAWELLIA, 3.

Muell.

2, Mzlell.

E7ragnz. vii. 85 : Benth. 3 1 . Austral. vii. 67.

m o r e s dimorphi, capitulorum interiores minores vix fructiferi.

P e r i a n t h i m cylindricum marcescens 6-partitum

,

segmentis linearibucl subaqualibus trinematis diu ascendentibus. Stamina 3 profunde perigyna incluea perianthii segmentis interioribus oppo- sita, iilamentis filif'ormibus, antheris linearibus bassxis introrsum longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Ovariurn sessile globosum trilo- culare, ovulis in loculo 2, unico pendulo, altero ascendente ; stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato.

Capszcla

chartacea globosa loculicido- trivalvis, seminibus in loculo ssepe solitariis, testa nigra nitida crustacea.

1. S. DIMORPHANTHA, F . Muell. et Benth. Zoec. citt. Herbaglaberrima

5-6-pollkaris dense csspitosa, radicibus firmis fibrosis. Folia radicalia teretia rigidula flexuosa 1 5 2 poll. longa. Pedunculi stricte teretes gra- cillimi simplices nudi 3 4 poll. longi. Capitula solitaria terminalia, ex- trorsum foliis rigidulis reductis 1-2 poll. longis basi byalino-dilatatis, in-

trorsum bracteis minutis hyalinis deltoideis cuspidatis bracteata, floribus interioribus minoribus, filamentis applanatis. Capsula perianfhio duplo hrevior. Australia occidentalis, Dnimmond !

(16)

420 MR. J. Q. BAKER ON COLCHICACEZ AND

7.

LAXMANNTA,

R.

Br.

R.

Br. Ppodr. 285 ; End. Gen.

No.

1169 ; Kunth, Enum.

iv.

642 ; F. Muell. Fragm.

v k

88 ; Benth.

Fl.

Austral.

vii.

63.

Perianthium cylindricum sub-6-partitum, segmentis diu ascen- dentibus, exterioribus firmioribiis oblongis vel lanceolatis, interio- ribus magis petaloideis insquilongis. Stamina 6 inclusa, 3 seg- mentis exterioribus opposita subhypogyna, 3 segmentis interio- ribus opposita perigyna, filamentis brevibus, antheris minutis oblongis versatilibus introrsuin longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Ovarium substipitaturn globosum triloculare, ovulis

in

loculo

2 4

; stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato. Capsub membranacea locu- licido-trivalvis, seminibus turgidis haud strophiolatis, testa nigra crustacea punctulata, albumine carnoso, embryone recto. €leerbe perennes ccespitosre haud bulbosce, radicibus gracilibus, foliis tereti-

bus rigidulis rudimentariis membranaceis hyalinis laceratis inter- mixtis, caulzbus supra basin simplicibus vel ranzosis,JEoribus dense capitulatis, capitulis globosis pedunculatis vel sessilibus, involzccri bracteis chartaceis ova& vel lanceolatis arcte imbricatis, receptaculi bracteis minutis laceratis.

Caules supra collum radicis simplices, folio- rum csspitibus pedunculatis nullis. Capitula pedunculata.

Flores pediceUati 3-3i lin. longi

...

1.

L.

grandiJEora. Flores sessiles 2 lin. longi

...

2.

L.

spuarrosa. Folia subulata

...

3.

L.

sessilis. Folia clavata basi angustata..

...

4.

L.

bachyphylla. Caules supra collum radicis simplices vel

parce ramosi, foliorum csspite pedun- eulato unico.

Caules supra rollum radicis valde raino~i, foliorum cesyitibus pedunculatis pluri- bus.

Capitula sessilia vel subsessilia.

Species sola

...

5.

L.

minor.

Capitula pedunculata

...

6.

L.

gracilis.

Capitula sessilia..

...

8.

L.

sessili$ora.

1. L.

ramosa.

1. L. GRANDIFLONA,

Lindl.

Swan River, App. 56, t .

7 ;

Kunth, Enum.

iv. 643 ; F:Muell. Fragm. vii. 83, ex parte ; BentA. Fl. Austral. vii. 64.- L. sqiiarrosa, Endl. in PI. Preiss. ii. 42, non Lindl. Caules supra collum

(17)

THE ABERRAXT TRIBES OF LILIACEI. 421 radicis simplices 6-12 lin. longi, foliis productis erectis confertis 1-2 poll. longis, rudimentariis dentibus eloilgatis subulatis prseditis. Pedunculus semipedalis vel pedalis. Capitulum multiflorum 8-9 lin. diam., involucri bracteis pauciseriatis oblongis pallidis dorso brunneis, interioribus 3-4 lin. longis, receptaculi bracteis minutis ad basin fimbriatis. Perianthium albi- dum distincte pedicellatum, segmentis exterioribus lineari-oblongis sub- acutis 3-3; iin. longis, interioribus obovatis 1-1; lin. longis. Stamina segmentis interioribus subaequilonga. Australia ocn'dentalis in &one &minis Cygni, etc., Drummond 792 ! Preiss 1586 ! 1588 !

Minor, f o l k rigidis 3-6

lin. longis, pedunculis 1-2 poll. longis, capitulis minoribus, involucri brac- teis multiseriatis. Australia occidentalis, Dempster !

2. L. SQUARROSA, Lindl. Swan River, App. 56; Benth. Fl. Austral.

vii. 64 ; Kunth, Enum. iv. 643, non End1.-L. pauciflora, acuta, sylvestris,

et sessilis, Endl. PI. Preiss. ii. 42.-L. grandiflora, F. Muell. Fragm. vii. 88, ex parte. Caules supra collum radicis simplices 12-18 lin. longi, foliis productis erectis confertis 1-2 poll. longis, rudimentariis membranaceis den- tibus subulatis praeditis intermixtis. Pedunculi 3-6 poll. longi. Capitu- lum multiflorum depresso-glubosum 2-4 lin. diam., involucri bracteis pauciseriatis oblongis pallide brunneis, interioribus 2 lin. longis, receptaculi bracteis minutis longe fimbriatis. Perianthium albidum sessile 2 lin. longum, segmentis exterioribus lanceolatis, interioribus oblongis 1-14 lin. longis. Australia in ditione $urninnis Cygni, Drummond ! Preiss 1589- 1592 ! etc.

3. L. SESSILIS, Lindl. 8wan River, App. 56 ; Endl. in

PI.

Preiss. ii.

42 ; Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 6i.-L. grandiflora, F. Muell. Fragm. vii. 88,

ex parte. Caules supra collum radicis brevissimi, foliis productis confertis subulatis squarrosis 4-8 lin. longis

4

lin. latis, rudimentariis membranaceis copiosis dentibus multis subulatis elongatis instructis intermixtis. Capi- tula sessilia pauciflora campanulata 2-3 lin. diam., involucri bracteis pauciseriatis pallide brunneis, intimis lanceolatis acutis 2 lin. longis, recep- taculi hracteis ad basin fimbriatis. Perianthium sessile albidum 2 lin. Iongum, segmentis exterioribus lineari-oblougis, interioribus quam exteriora triplo brevioribus. Australia occidentalis in ditione $minis Cygni etc.,

Drummond ! Preiss 1590 ! etc.

Var.

L.

PALEACEA, F. Muell. Fragm. i. 159.

4. L. B R A c n Y P H Y L L A ,

F.

Muell. Fragm, i. 158; Benth. PI. Austral.

vii. 66.-L. grandiflora, F. Muell. Fragrn. vii. 88, ex parte. Caules supra collum radicis simplices 6-18 lin. longi, foliis productis oblanceolato-cla- vatis aristatis squarrosis 2-3 lin. longis

2

lin. latis, rudimentariis membra- naceis copiosis dentibus elongatis subulatis intermixtis. Capitula sessilia hemisphaerica multiflora 3 4 lin. &am., involucri bracteis pauciseriatis ob- longis ohtusis, intimis 1; lin. longis, receptaculi bracteis profunde fimbria- tis. Periantliium sessile 2 lin. longum, segmentis exterioribus lineari-ob-

(18)

422

longis obtusis, interioribus quam exteriora 3-4~10 brevioribus.

oceidentalis in ditione sinus Regis Georgii, Drumruond 445 ! etc.

5.

L.

MINOR, R . B r . Prodr. 286; Kunth, Enum. iv. 642; Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 65.-L. Roei, Endl. PI. Preiss. ii. 42 ; F. Muell. Fragm. vii.

88. Caules supra radicis collum simplices vel parce ramosi, foliorum czs- pite unico pedunculato. Polia producta rigida 6-12 lin. longa, rudimen- tariis albidis dentibus paucis elongatis subulatis instructis intermixtis. Pedunculi gracillimi stricti 2-6 poll. longi. Capitnla pauciflora depresso- globosa 3-5 lin. diam., involucri bracteis pauciseriatis brunneis memlra- naceis, interioribus 2-24 lin. longis, receptaculi bracteis brevissimis breviter fimbriatis. Perianthium albidum sessile oblongum 2-24 lin. longum, segmentis interiorihus quam exteriora paulo brevioribus. Australia occi- Jentalis in ditione sinus Regis Georyii, R. Brown ! Preiss 1585 !

6. L. GRACILIS, R . B T . Prodr. 286 ; Endl. Icon. t. 97 ; Kunth, Enum.

iv. 642 ; F. Muell. Fraym. vii. 88 ; Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 65.-L. illere- brosa, Reich.$l. Beitr. 72. Herba glabra rigidula semipedalis vel pedalis, caulibus strictis gracillimis supra collum radicis valde ramosis, foliorum czspitibus multis pedunculatis, internodiis superioribus 3-12 lin. longis. Folia producta subteretia 6-121in. longa

4

lin. lata, facie canaliculata, spice minute mucronata, rudimentariis albis membranaceis ciliatis intermixtis. Pedunculi stricti 2-8-pollicares. Capitula pauciflora vel multiflora 3-1

lin. diam., involucri bracteis paucis quam flore multo brevioribus, intimis

1 lin. longis, receptaculi bracteis profunde finibriatis. Perianthium bre- viter pedicellatum albidum vel rubro tinctum 2-24 liu. longum, segmentis exterioribus oblongis obtusis, interioribus lanceolatis quam exteriora szpis- sime longioribus. Capsnla I t lin. longa mucronata breviter pedicellata.

Australia orientalis a Queensland ad Victoriam.

7. L. RAMOSA, Lindl. Swan River, App. 56 j Endl. PI. Preiss. ii. 43 ;

Kunth, Enum. iv. 643 ; F. Ilfuell. Fra.qm. vii. 88 ; Benth. Fl. Austral. vii.

66. Habitus omnino L. yracilis orientalis. Folia producta teretia mu- cronata 6-15 lin. longa & lin. lata. Pedunculi breviores ( 1 3 poll. longi). Capitula pauciflora globosa 3-4 lin. diam., involucri bracteis 2-1 lin. longis,

receptaculi bracteis minutis fimbriatis. Perianthium subsessile li-2 lin.

longum, segmentis exterioribus albis brunneo costatis, interioribus quam extcriora paulo brevioribus. Australia occidentalis in ditione jeuminis Cyyni, Drummond ! Preiss 1587 !

8. L. S E S S I F L O R A , Decne, Fl. Timor. 35, t. 16; Kanth, Enum. iv. 643.-

Benth. Fl. Austral. vii. 66.-L. minor, Hook. j l . Fl. Tasm. ii. G O ; F.

Muell. Fraym. vii. 89, non R. B r . Herba glabrn erccta dense ciespitosa 1-4-p0llicaris, vel interdum ramis dccumbeutibus longioribus praedita, valde ramosa, foliorum mspitibus pedunculntis pluribus. Folia producta teretia

3-9 lin. longa, rudimentariis copiosis membranaceis dentibus subulatis elongatis pr;editis commixta. Capitnla sessilia pauciflora 3-4 lin. diam.,

ME. J. 0. B A K E R ON C O L C E I C A C E B AND

(19)

THE ABERRABNT TRIBES O F LILIAOEB.

4!!23

involucri bracteis paucis 8-1 lin. longis, receptaculi bracteis minutis fim- briatis. Perianthiiim sessile 1 lin. longum, segmentis exterioribus quam interiora sepissime paulo brevioribus. Australia australis et occidentalis,

ad 5000 pedes in ditione Victoria ascendens.

Rami brevissimi, internodiis subniillis, foliis productis paucis 1-14 lin. longis, rudimentariis membranaceis copiosis cili- atis intermixtis; capitula 14 lin. diam., floribus stramineis I lin. longis.

Australia occidentalis ad ripasjuminis Murchison, Oldfield !

Var. CONGESTA, Baker.

8 .

APHYLLANTHES

(Tourn.), Linn.

Limn.

Gem.

No.

145 ; Endl. Gem.

No. 1171

; Xunth, Enwm.

iv.

6 4 6 ;

Xalisb.

Gen. 72.

Perianthium infundibulare tenerum membranaceum G-partitum, segmentis aequalibus obovato-oblongis obtusis unguiculatis dorso 1-nervatis, unguibus

in

tubum conniventibus, flore expanso

su-

perne falcatis.

Jtamina

6 perigyna inclusa, filamentis filiformi- bus, antheris ellipticis dorsifixis versatilibus introrsum longitudi- naliter dehiscentibus. Ovarium stipitatum obovoideo-trigonum triloculare, ovulis in loculo solitariis ; stylus filiformis, stigmate tricuspidato. Capsula membranacea loculicido-trivalvis, semini- bus ovoideis haud strophiolatis, testa nigra crustacea, albumine carnoso, embryone cylindrico.

1. A. MONSPELILNSIS, Linn. Sp. 422; Bot. Mag. t. 1132; DC. in Red. Lil. t. 483 ; Gren. Fl. France, iii. 225 j Moggr. Conl. Ment. t. 89.-A.

juncea, SaEisb. P w a d . t. 9. Herba glabra dense caespitosa, rhizomate

brevi, fibris radicalibus tenacibus ramosis. Caules rigiduli semipedales vel pedales, basi foliis 2-3 scariosis brunueis cincti. Capitula lineari- oblonga 1-2-flora, bracteis interioribus 5 lanceolatis acutis pallide brunneis 3-4 lin. longis basi connatis, exterioribus paucis arcte imbricatis minoribus liberis. Perianthium 8-9 lin. longum violaceum vel album. Lusitania,

Hispania, Gallia meridionalis, Italia borealis.

Subordo

11.

COLCHICACE~E.

9.

COLCEICUN

(l'oum.),

Linn.

Linn. Qen.

No. 457; Steven

in

Act. Hose.

vii. 65,

t.

13-16;

Eunth, Elzuna. iv. 138 ; Endl. Gen.

No.

lOSG.--Fouha, Pomel, N a t .

PI.

Atlant. 2.-Monocaryum

(R. Br.),

Schultes, Syst.

Peg.

No. 14G0 (forma abnormalis),= Paludaria, Salisb. Gen. 53. Perianthium infundibulare, tubo elongato cylindrico sulcato, limbi erecti segmentis conniventibus diu imbricatis subconformibus

(20)

4*24

MR. J. Q. BA?XER ON COLCIIICACEB AND

oblanceolato-oblongis. Stamina 6 inclusa ad faucem perianthii inserta, 3 interiora sepe altiora filamentis filiformibus antheris linearibus vel oblongis versatilibus ad faciem interiorem dorsifixis, margine dehiscentibus. Ovarium triloculare, ovulis in loculo crebris superpositis, stylis liberis filiformibus ex tubo longe ex- sertis, apice stigmatoso integro unilaterali szepissime plus minusve falcatis. Capsula oblonga vel globosa ventricosa ex apice septi- cide triralvis, seminibus pluribus globosis, testa brunnea

ad

urn- bilicum ventralem stropbiolata, embryone cylindric0 ab hilo remoto, albumine carnoso. Herbce acaules bulbosq corm0 magno tunieis chartaceis supra collum longe productis vestito, foliis s q e hysteranthiis vernalibus earnoso-herbaceis linearibus vel lorntis vel oblongo-loratis, joribus ad spatham sffipe pluribus successivis

lilacino-purpureis raro luteis.

Stirps

C .

VARIEQATI. Folia hysteranthia vernalia. Flores Perianthii limbus conspicue tessellatus.

autumnales. Perianthii limbus tessellatus. Folia patula humifusa.

1. C. variegatum.

2.

C. pubhrum.

Folia ascendentia.

3. C. agrippinum. 4. C. Bivona.

Folia, ignota. 5. C. amabile.

Grandiflora.

Perianthii limbus obscure tessellatus.

6. C. lusitanzvm.

7.

C. Levieri.

8. C. Tenorii. 9. C. Sibthorpii.

Parviflorum. 10. C. variopictum.

Stirps

C.

AUTUMRALII. Folia hysteranthia vernalia. Flores Folia lingulata vel oblonga 3 4

poll.

lata.

Folia linearia vel lanceolata,

1-2

poll. lata.

grandes autumnales. Perianthii limbus haud tessellatus.

11.

C.

speciosum.

12.

C.

byzantinum. Styli apice distinct* falcati, stigmate decurrente.

13. C. autumnale.

14.

C. turcicum. Styli apice subrecti, stigmate subcapitato.

15.

C. l&m.

Folia ignota.

16.

C. persicum.

sfips

C. ARENARII. Folia hysteranthia vernalia. Flores parvi Flores ad Cormum plures.

autumnales. Perianthii limbus haud tessellatus.

(21)

THE ABERRANT TRIBE8 OF LILIACEB. 425

Flores ad cormuin 1-2, Taro 3 4 .

Styli apice distincte falcati, stigmate decurrente. Styli apice subrecti, stigmate subcapitato.

20. C. aeapokitanum.

23. C. a r e n a r i m . 24. C. alpiaum.

25.

C.

l i n p l a t u m .

21. C. parnassicum. 22. C. corskum.

Stirps

C.

M O & A ~ .

Flores roseo-lilacini, antheris parvis.

Folia synanthia hiemalia vel vernalia. Perianthii limbus haud tessellatus.

Anthers oblongs purpures

...

26. C. montanum.

Anthers lineares lutes.

27.

C. Xtevemi. 28.

C.

8zouitsii.

Flores lutei, antheris magnis

...

29. C. luteum.

1. C: VARIEGATUM, Linn. Sp. 485 ; Bot. Mag. t. 1028; Kunth, Enum.

iv. 239; Guss. Syn. Sic. i. 4 3 7 . 4 7 . Parkinsoni, Hook. $1. in Bot. Mag.

t. 609O.-C. fritillaricum chiense, Parkins. Parad. 156, 155. fig. 5.-C. chionense, Hort. Cormus ovoideus 1 poll. crassus, tunicis firmis atrofuscis

3-4 poll. supra collum productis. Folia hysteranthia vernalia 2-3 patula subrccumbentia lanceolata semipedalia obscurius viridia quam in C. autum- nali, medio 12-15 lin. lata, marginibus undulatis. Flores autumnales 2-3

ad spatham. Perianthii tubus albidus 3-4-pollicaris ; limbus lilacino- purpureus conspicue tessellatus 2 poll. longus, segmentis oblongo-lanceola- tis infra medium 5-8 lin. latis venis circiter 15 percursis e medio ad apicem obtusiusculum attenuatis. Stamina perianthio paulo breviora, filamentis saturate purpureis, antheris purpureis 4 lin. longis. Styli stamina supe- rantes, apice stigmatoso vix curvati. I n s u l ~ Lmantine et Asia Minor.

V. v. in hort. Barr.

2. C . PULCHRUM, Xerbert MSS. Folia 5-10 vernalia lorata 4-5 poll.

longa 9-14 lin. lata canaliculata subrecumbentia obtuaa undulata. Flores autumnales srepius bini. Periauthii tubus albus 1-1; poll. longus ; limbus 2-2~pollicaris pulchre tessellatus, segmentis circiter 1 poll. latis. Fila- menta alba basi lutescentia 3-41- lin. longa, antheris purpurascentibus. Styli pallidi antheras parum superantes, apice stigmatoso curvati. Cepha- Zonia et Epirus, hort. Herbert, anno 1846 (non vidi).

3. C. A G R I P P I N U M , hort. AngZ.-C. teasellaturn, hort. AngZ. Cormus ovoidelis 1-16 poll. crassus, tunicis fuscis 3 poll. supra collum productis. Folia 3-4 vernalia suberecta lanceolata 6-9 poll. longa infra medium 12-15 lin. lata obscurius viridia quam in C . autumnali. marginibus valde undulatis. Flores autumnales, 2-4 ad spatham. Periauthii tubus 2-4- pollicaris albidus ; limbus 1&2&pollicaris pulchre lilacino-purpureus conspicue albo tessellatus ; segmenta oblongo-lanceolata, infra medium

(22)

426 MR. J. a. B A D E ON COLCEICACEA3 AND

ginibus undulatis, venis circiter 15 percursa. Filamenta 12-18 En. longa saturate purpurea, antheris lineari-oblongis purpureis 3-4 lin. longis. Styli piirpurascentes staminibus aequilongi vel superantes, apice stigmatoso leviter curvati. Ia hortis Anylieis s q e cultum. Flores omnino C . oariegati, sed recedit habitu robustiore et foliis suberectis.

4. C. BIVONB, Guss. Prod. i. 453 ; Syn. Sic. i. 437 ; Kunth, Enum.

iv. 139; Parl.

M.

Ital. iii. 173; Reich. Ic. Germ. fig. 952.-C. variega- tum, Bie. Bern. Cent. i. 27, excl. syn. ; Red. Lil. t. 238.-C. neapolita- num fritillaricum, Parkins. Parad. Terrest. 156, 155. fig. 4. Cormus ovoideus 1: poll. crassus, tunicis duris fuscis 3-4 poll. supra collum pro- ductis. Folia 6-9 vernalia sulierecta lorata subpedalia canaliculata. medio 9-15 lin. lata, apice subcucullata, margine plaua. Flores autumnales, 1-6 ad spatham. Perianthii tubus 3-5-pollicaris ; limbus lt2-pollicaris pulchre purpureus conspicue albo tessellatus ; segmenta oblanceolato- elliptica obtusiuscula 6-9 lin. lata, venulis crebris 16-1 8 percursa. Fila- ments 6-9 lin. longa, antheris purpureis lineari-oblongis 4 lin. longis. Styli pallide purpurascentes stamina longe superantes, apice stigmatoso leviter curvati. Capsulae subsolitariae oblongae apice obtusiuscule tricus- pidak. Sicilia in apricis collibus et montosis, Tineo ! Parlatore ! etc. Formse affines imperfecte cognitae a Calabria, Gussone, Arcadia, Von

Heldreich! Dalmatia, Visialei (C. Bivona, Visiani, FI. Dalm. 156 ; C. Vi- sianii, Parl. FI. Ital. iii. 175), et Mauritania ad montem Tezi, alt. 7000- 8000 pedes, Hook.jl. et Ball ! exstant.

5. C. AMABILE, Heldr. in Herb. Grrec. Norm. Exsicc. No. 764 ; Atti

Intern. Congr. Firenz. 1874, 228. Cormus ovoideo-oblougus nuce avel-

lana paulo major, tunicis fuscis. Folia hysteranthia ignota. Flores ver- nales saepissime solitarii, interdum bini. Perianthii tubus 3-4&pollicaris ;

limbus 14-pollicaris, segmentis oblongo-ellipticis pulchre tessellatis 3-1 lin. latis. Styli apice stigmatoso curvati. Eubrea, in cacuminc wontis

Xerobuni, alt. 4800 pedes, Von Heldreich (non vidi).

6. C. LUSITANUM, Brotero, Phyt. Lusit. 211, tahb. 173-4.-C. lusitani-

cum fritillaiicum, Parkins. Parad. 154, 155. fig. 3.-C. Bivonie, Willk.

6

Lunge, PI. Hisp. i. 194, ex purte. Cormus globosus 14-2 poll. crassus, tunicis firmis nitidis fuscis 3-4 poll. supra collum productis. Polia hie- malia 4-5 suberecta acuta lorata 8-15 poll. longa 1-2 poll. lata supra basin plana obscurius viridia quam in C. autumnali, marginibus haud uudiilatis.

Flores autumnales ad rpatham saepissime plures. Perianthii tubus albidus 4-6-pollicaris ; limbus li-2-pollicaris lilacino-purpureus obscure tessel- btus, segmentis oblanceolato-ellipticis obtusis 5-7 lin. latis venis crebris 15-20 percursis. Stamina limbo subduplo breviora, filamentis 6-9 lin. longis, antheris luteis 3 4 lin. longis. Styli purpurascentes antheras superantes v i c e stigmatoso leviter curvati. Capsulie aggregatae oblong= I+ poll. longae. Lusitunia, in collibus saxosis ditionis Estremadurre, Maw !

(23)

TEE ABERRANT TRTBES OF LTLIAUEIE. tk27 Goetze ! etc. v. v. in Hort. Kew. C. TODARII, Parlat.

Fl.

Ittot, iii. 178,

italicum, ex descriptione non potui segregare. C. Biuona! hispanicurn, Willk. et Lange, non vidi.

Cormus parvus, tunicis chartaceis brunneis. Folia 4-5 vernalia suberecta lineari- lorata e medio utrinque angustata. Flores autumnales 1-7 ail spatham. Pe- rianthii tubus albiclus 4-6-pollicaris; limbus lilacino-purpiireus obscure tes- sellatus 2-3 poll. longus, segmentis oblanceolatis venis circiter 20 percursis, exterioribus langioribus. Stamina stylis breviora, antheris linearibus. Styli limbo subduplo breviora, stigmatibus uncinatis unilateralibus profunde sulcatis. Capsuiae eis C. autuinnalis multo minores subglobosae spongiosae.

Italia in pratis ditionis Florentie, Janka (non vidi).

7.

c.

LEVIERI, Janka in (Ester. h t . Z&tSCh?'ift, 1875, 89.

8. C. TENORII, Part. FZ. Ital. iii. 157.-C. byzantinum, Tenore, n.

Nap. iii. 397, non Ker.-C. Bivonae, Tenore, Fl. Nap. Prodr. App. v. 11,

Ron Guss.-C. Bisignani, Tenore, teste Janka. Cormus magnitudine me- diocris, tunicis castaneis. Folia vernalia circiter 5 suberecta late lorata obscure riritlia supra basin plana, marginibus haud undulatis. Flores au- tumnales 3-4 ad spatham. Periantbii tubus albidus 2-5-pollicaris; limbus saturate lilacino-purpureus obscure tessellatus 14-2 poll. longus, segmentis oblongo-oblauceolatis obtusis 6-8 lin. latis, venis '12-16 percursis. Fila- ments 9-12 lin. longa, antheris pnrpurascentibus 3-4 lin. longis. Styli purpurascentes antheras superantes apice stigmatoso vix incurvati. Cap-

sulae ovato-subglobosae apice breviter tricuspidatae. Italia inpratis ditionis Neapolis, v. v. ex hort. Elwes.

9. C. SIBTHORPII, Baker.-C. Iatifoliurn, Sibth.

B/

Smith, $7. Grac. t. 350, quoad flores non folia. Cormus globosus 1;-2 poll. crassus, tunicis firmis castaneis longe supra collum productis. Folia 4-5 hyste- ranthia vernalia. Flores autumnales ad spatham plures. Perianthii tubus saepe semipedalis ; limbus lilacino-purpureus obscure tessellatus 21-24 lin. longus, segmentis oblongo-oblanceolatis obtusis 8-9 lin. latis, venis 20 vel ultra percursis. Stamina perianthio trieute breviora, antheris 4 lin. longis. Styli rntheras superantes, apice stigmatoso leviter currati.

Grecia in montibus Atticce, Von Heldreicb ! C. aariegatum, Sieber, Herb. Crete Exsic. ! uon Linn., est forms imperfecte cognita, verisimiliter affinis.

10. C. VARIOPICTUM, Janka in (Ester. Bot. Zeitschrift, 1875, 83.

Cormus magnitudine nucis Juylnndis, tunicis brunneis firmis vestitus. Polis 5-9 velnalia linearia stricta spitbamaea saepissime 6-8 raro 12 lin. lata, marginibus haud undulatis. Flores autumnales 1-5 ad spatham. Perianthii tublls 4-5-pollicaris ; limbus pollicaris vel panllo longior obscure tessellatus, segmentis oblanceolatis acutiusculis, venis circiter 20 undulatis percursis, esterioribus lon@oribus. Stamina limbo subduplo breviora, antheris primum rubellis, demum luteis. Styli elongati interdum exserti, stigmatibus arcuatis profuude sulcatis. Capsule vir 12 lin. long=, apice

Figure

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