VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES. Por la manera en que se conjugan, se pueden distinguir dos clases de verbos: regulares e irregulares.

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VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES

Por la manera en que se conjugan, se pueden distinguir dos clases de verbos:

regulares e irregulares.

Los verbos regulares son los que conservan la misma raíz en todas sus formas y tienen las desinencias del modelo de su conjugación (saltar, comer, vivir).

Presente Pretérito perfecto simple Futuro saltar (modelo) salt-o salt-é salt-aré contestar contest-o contest-é contest-aré

Se consideran regulares los verbos que tienen cambios en su raíz en algunas de sus formas por motivos únicamente ortográficos:

Presente Pretérito perfecto simple Futuro

cazar caz-o

cac-é caz-aré

coger coj-o

cog-í cog-eré

Los verbos irregulares son los que no conservan igual la raíz en todas sus formas, o tienen desinencias distintas del modelo de su conjugación, o ambas cosas.

Para saber si un verbo es regular o irregular basta observar las siguientes formas:

Primera persona del singular del presente de indicativo.

Tercera persona del singular del pretérito perfecto simple.

Primera persona del singular del futuro de indicativo.

Presente Pretérito perfecto simple Futuro saltar (modelo) salt-o salt-ó salt-aré

mostrar muestr-o mostr-ó mostr-aré

andar and-o and-uvo and-aré

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IRREGULAR VERBS

INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE SIGNIFICADO

abide abode abode tolerar, soportar

arise arose arisen surgir, plantear

awake awoke awoke despertarse

be was/were been ser, estar

beat beat beaten golpear, latir, batir

become became become llegar a ser

begin began begun comenzar

bend bent bent doblarse, inclinarse

bet bet bet apostar en algo

bind bound bound atar, unir, ligar

bind bound bound atar, unir, ligar

bite bit bitten morder/se

bleed bled bled sangrar

blow blew blown soplar, hacer sonar

break broke broken romper

breed bred bred criar, reproducir/se

bring brought brought traer

build built built construir

buy bought bought comprar

catch caught caught agarrar

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choose chose chosen elegir

come came come venir

creep crept crept arrastrar, deslizarse

cut cut cut cortar

deal dealt dealt tratar, ocuparse

dig dug dug cavar, excavar

do [does] did done hacer

draw drew drawn dibujar, atraer

drink drank drunk beber

drive drove driven conducir

eat ate eaten comer

fall fell fallen caer

feed fed fed alimentar

feel felt felt sentir

fight fought fought luchar, pelear

find found found encontrar

fling flung flung arrojar, lanzar

fly flew flown volar

forget forgot forgotten olvidar

freeze froze frozen helar, congelar

get got got/gotten obtener, conseguir

give gave given dar

go went gone ir

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grind ground ground moler

grow grew grown cultivar, crecer

hang hung hung colgar

have [have/has] had had tener, haber

hear heard heard oír

hide hid hidden ocultar, esconder

hit hit hit golpear

hold held held sostener, soportar

keep kept kept guardar, conservar

kneel knelt knelt arrodillarse

know knew known saber, conocer

lead led led guiar, conducir

lend lent lent prestar

learn learnt learnt aprender

leave left left irse, dejar, partir

lose lost lost perder

make made made hacer, fabricar

mean meant meant significar

meet met met encontrarse con

pay paid paid pagar

put put put poner, colocar

read read read leer

ride rode ridden cabalgar

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ring rang rung sonar

run ran run correr

say said said decir

see saw seen ver

seek sought sought buscar

sell sold sold vender

send sent sent enviar

shake shook shaken agitar, sacudir

shine shone shone brillar, resplandecer

shoot shot shot pegar un tiro

show showed shown mostrar, demostrar

shrink shrank shrunk encogerse (tamaño)

shut shut shut cerrar

sing sang sung cantar

sink sank sunk hundir/se

sit sat sat sentar/se

slay slew slain asesinar

sleep slept slept dormir

slide slid slid resbalar, deslizar

sling slung slung lanzar con fuerza

smell smelt smelt oler

speak spoke spoken hablar

spend spent spent gastar, pasar

spin spun spun girar, hilar

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stand stood stood pararse

steal stole stolen robar

stick stuck stuck pinchar, atascarse

sting stung stung picar, arder

stride strode strode dar pasos largos

strike struck struck golpear, sonar

strive strove striven esforzarse

swear swore sworn jurar, maldecir

sweep swept swept barrer

swell swelled swollen hinchar/se

swim swam swum nadar

take took taken tomar, llevar

teach taught taught enseñar

tear tore torn rasgar, arrancar

tell told told decir, contar

think thought thought pensar, creer

thrive throve thriven crecer, prosperar

throw threw thrown tirar, arrojar

tread trod trodden pisar, aplastar

understand understood understood entender, comprender

undo undid undone deshacer

wake woke woken despertarse

wear wore worn vestir, usar (ropa)

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win won won ganar

wind wound wound serpentear, enrollar

write wrote written escribir

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REGULAR VERBS

INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE SIGNIFICADO

Abridge Abridged Abridged Compendiar

Accomplish Accomplished Accomplished Efectuar, verificar

Acknowledge Acknowledged Acknowledged Reconocido

Achieve Achieved Achieved Ejecutar, realizar

Add Added Added Sumar, añadir

Adjust Adjusted Adjusted Ajustar

Agre Agreed Agreed Estar de acuerdo

Agree Agreed Agreed Convenir, estar de acuerdo

Aim Aimed Aimed Pretender

Alleviate Alleviated Alleviated Aliviar, mitigar

Analyze Analyzed Analyzed Analizar

Antedate Antedated Antedated Antedatar

Apportion Apportioned Apportioned Prorratear, repartir,

adjudicar

Approve Approved Approved Aprobar, confirmar

Arrive Arrived Arrived Arribar, llegar

Assign Assigned Assigned Asignar

Associate Associated Associated Asociar, juntar, asociado

Assume Assumed Assumed Suponer, asumir

Attain Attained Attained Lograr, alcanzar, obtener

Authorize Authorized Authorized Autorizar

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Avoid Avoided Avoided Evitar

Base Based Based Basar

Block Blocked Blocked Bloquear, cerrar

Borrow Borrowed Borrowed Pedir prestado

Broaden Broadned Broadned Ensanchar

Budget Budgeted Budgeted Presupuestar

Call Called Called Llamar

Carry Carried Carried Llevar

Carry out Carried out Carried out Realizar

Certify Certified Certified Certificar

Classify Classified Classified Clasificar

Close Closed Closed Cerrar

Close out Closed out Closed out Liquidar

Code Coded Coded Codificar

Collect Collected Collected Cobrar

Combine Combined Combined Combinar

Complete Completed Completed Completar

Concounter Encountered Encountered Encontrar

Consent Consented Consented Consentir

Consume Consumed Consumed Consumir

Contain Contained Contained Contener

Contitute Contituted Contituted Constituir

Control Controlled Controlled Controlar

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Control Contolled Controlled Controlar

Controll Controlled Controlled Controlar

Convert Converted Converted Convertir

Cover Covered Covered Cubrir

Cover Covered Covered Cubrir

Create Created Created Crear

Cross Crossed Crossed Cruzar atravesar

Change Changed Changed Cambiar

Check Cheked Cheked Confrontar

Date Dated Dated Fechar

Declare Declared Declared Declarar

Decrease Decreased Decreased Disminuir

Dedicate Dedicated Dedicated Dedicar

Deduct Deducted Deducted Restar

Define Defined Defined Definir

Demand Demanded Demanded Exigir, demandar

Deposit Deposited Deposited Depositar

Design Designed Designed Diseñar

Detail Detailed Detailed Detallar

Determine Determined Determined Determinar

Determine Determined Determined Determinar

Devise Devised Devised Idear, inventar

Devote Devoted Devoted Dedicar, consagrar

Die Died Died Morir

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Direct Directed Directed Dirigir

Discover Discovered Discovered Descubrir

Discuss Discussed Discussed Comentar, discutir

Disregard Disregarded Disregarded Hacer caso omiso de

Divide Divided Divided Dividir

Effect Effected Effected Efectuar

Elect Elected Elected Elegir

Embrace Embraced Embraced Abarcar, abrazar

Employ Employed Employed Emplear

Empty Emptied Emptied Vaciar

Enact Enacted Enacted Establecer, estatuir

End Ended Ended Concluir, terminar

Endorse Endorsed Endorsed Endosar

Enter Entered Entered Registrar, dar entrada

Equal Equaled Equaled Igualar

Establish Established Established Establecer

Estimate Estimated Estimated Estimar, calcular

Evaluate Evaluated Evaluated Evaluar

Evidence Evidenced Evidenced Evidenciar

Exchange Exchanged Exchanged Cambiar, canjear

Exist Existed Existed Existir

Expect Expected Expected Esperar, suponer

Expire Expired Expired Expirar

Extend Extended Extended Extender, amplificar

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Finance Financed Financed Financiar

Finish Finished Finished Finalizar, terminar, acabar

Fire Fired Fired Despedir (empleados)

Focus Focused Focused Enfocar, concentrar

Follow Followed Followed Seguir

Found Founded Founded Fundar, cimentar

Furnish Furnished Furnished Surtir, proporcionar,

amueblar

Gangpunch Gangpunched Gangpunched Muliperforar

Generate Generated Generated Engendrar, producir

Handle Handled Handled Manejar

Handle Handled Handled Manejar

Hire Hired Hired Contratar, asalariar

Identify Indentified Indentified Identificar

Improve Improved Improved Mejorar

Include Included Included Incluir

Increase Increased Increased Aumentar

Incur Incurred Incurred Incurrir

Indicate Indicated Indicated Indicar

Inform Informed Informed Informar

Inscribe Inscribed Inscribed Inscribir

Install Installed Installed Instalar

Intent Intented Intented Intentar, destinar

Introduce Introduced Introduced Introducir

Invest Invested Invested Invertir

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Investigate Investigated Investigated Investigar

Involve Involved Involved Involucrar

Journalize Journalized Journalized Asentar en el diario

Look for Looked for Looked for Buscar

Mail Mailed Mailed Enviar por correo

Manage Managed Managed Dirigir, administrar

Mention Mentioned Mentioned Mencionar

Modify Modified Modified Modificar

Obtain Obtained Obtained Obtener

Open Opened Opened Abrir

Organize Organized Organized Organizar

Own Owned Owned Poseer

Petition Petitioned Petitioned Suplicar, rogar

Plan Planned Planned Planear

Plan Planned Planned Planear

Point Pointed Pointed Apuntar, señalar

Point out Pointed out Pointed out Señalar, hacer notar

Post Posted Posted Pasar al mayor

Practice Practiced Practiced Practicar

Prefer Prefered Prefered Preferir

Prepare Prepared Prepared Preparar

Present Presented Presented Presentar

Prevent Prevented Prevented Prevenir, evitar

Prevent Prevented Prevented Prevenir

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Price Priced Priced Valuar, valorar, poner precio

Print Printed Printed Imprimir

Protect Protected Protected Proteger

Prove Proved Proved Probar, comprobar

Provide Provided Provided Proporcionar, surtir

Provide Provided Provided Proveer, proporcionar

Purchase Purchased Purchased Comprar

Range Ranged Ranged Variar, fluctuar

Reach Reached Reached Lograr, alcanzar

Realize Relized Relized Darse cuenta

Receive Received Received Recibir

Recommend Recommended Recommended Recomendar

Record Recorded Recorded Registrar

Reduce Reduced Reduced Reducir

Regard Regarded Regarded Observar, considerar

Register Registered Registered Registrar

Reimburse Reimbursed Reimbursed Reembolsar

Reimburse Reimbursed Reimbursed Reembolsar

Relieve Relieved Relieved Relevar, remediar

Remain Remanied Remanied Permanecer, quedar

Render Rendered Rendered Prestar, suministrar

Replace Replaced Replaced Reponer, suplir

Replenish Replenished Replenished Relenar, surtir de nuevo

Represent Represented Represented Representar

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Restrict Restricted Restricted Restringir

Return Returned Returned Retornar

Review Reviewed Reviewed Revisar

Rule Ruled Ruled Gobernar, rayar

Satisfy Satisfied Satisfied Satisfacer

Save Saved Saved Salvar, ahorar

Secure Secured Secured Asegurar, obtener

Separate Separated Separated Separar

Serv Served Served Servir

Share Shared Shared Repartir, compartir

Sign Signed Signed Firmar

Specialize Specialized Specialized Especializarse

State Stated Stated Expresar, declarar

Study Studied Studied Estudiar

Subdivide Subdivided Subdivided Subdividir

Subtract Subtracted Subtracted Substrear, restar

Sue Sued Sued Demandar

Summarize Summarized Summarized Resumir, compendiar

Supervise Supervised Supervised Supervisar

Support Supported Supported Sostener

Temper Tempered Tempered Moderar, modificar, ajustar

Term Termed Termed Denominar

Total Totaled Totaled Totalizar

Trade Traded Traded Comerciar

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Transfer Transfered Transfered Transferir, traspasar

Treat Treated Treated Tratar

Turn out Turned out Turned out Producir, sacar

Use Used Used Usar

Utilize Utilized Utilized Utilizar

Verify Verified Verified Verificar

Watch Watched Watched Vigilar, observar

Work Worked Worked Trabajar

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TIEMPOS VERBALES-VERB TENSES

Present tenses- Tiempos verbales de presente.

Simple Present tense- Presente simple. Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada, es decir, cada día, cada mañana, etc.

Ej.: John washes the dishes every day. (John lava los platos cada día).

Forma negativa del Simple Present: Sujeto+Do not o don't/does not o doesn't +verbo de la acción en infinitivo+ Complementos.

Ej.: John does not/doesn't wash the dishes every day.

Forma interrogativa del Simple Present: Do/does+ sujeto+ verbo de la acción en infinitivo+ Complementos.

Ej.: Does John wash the dishes every day?

Para la negación y la interrogación de las frases con este tiempo verbal, necesitamos el verbo auxiliar (to) do.

Present Continuous/Progressive tense- Presente Continuo: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente, en el mismo momento en el que se está enunciando la frase. El Present Continuous se forma con el presente del verbo (to) be más el verbo de la acción en gerundio (Infinitivo+-ing).

Ej.: John is washing the dishes right now. (John está lavando los platos ahora mismo).

Forma negativa del Present Continuous/Progressive: Sujeto+is/are+not+verbo de la acción en gerundio+ Complementos.

Ej: John is not/isn't washing the dishes right now.

Forma interrogativa del Present Continuous/Progressive: Is/are+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la acción en gerundio+ Complementos?

Past tenses-Tiempos verbales de pasado.

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Simple past tense- Pasado simple: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para

expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado, sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar.

Ej.: John washed the dishes yesterday evening. (John lavó los platos ayer por la tarde).

Para construir las formas negativa e interrogativa del Simple Past, necesitamos la ayuda del verbo auxiliar (to) do, esta vez con su tiempo en pasado, DID.

Forma negativa del Simple Past: Sujeto+ DID not/didn't+ Verbo de la acción en infinitivo+Complementos.

Ej.: John didn't wash the dishes yesterday evening.

Forma interrogativa del Simple Past: DID+ Sujeto+ verbo de la acción en infinitivo+ Complementos.

Did John wash the dishes yesterday evening?

En inglés, hay dos tipos de Simple Past o de pasado simple: el regular o el irregular. Los verbos regulares forman el Simple Past añadiendo el sufijo -ed al infinitivo y los verbos irregulares forman su Simple Past sin seguir ninguna regla.

En este apartado de la página tienes acceso a la lista completa de todos los verbos irregulares que hay en inglés.

Un ejemplo de Simple Past regular es el del verbo (to) wash= (lavar), cuyo Simple Past es washed y un ejemplo de verbo irregular es el de (to) break= (romper) , cuyo Simple Past es broke.

Past Continuous/Progressive Tense- Pasado continuo: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado, pero en un momento concreto. Este tiempo verbal se forma con el pasado del verbo (to) be (was o were)+ el verbo de la acción en gerundio (infinitivo+-ing).

Ej: John was washing the dishes at eight o'clock last night. (John estaba lavando los platos a las ocho ayer por la noche).

Forma negativa del Past Continous/Progressive: Sujeto+ Was not o wasn't/were not o weren't+ Verbo de la acción en gerundio+ Complementos.

Ej.: John was not/wasn't washing the dishes at eight o'clock last night.

Forma interrogativa del Past Continuous/Progressive: Was/were+Sujeto+Verbo

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de la acción en gerundio+ Complementos?.

Ej.: Was John washing the dishes at eight o'clock last night?

Present Perfect tense- Pretérito Perfecto: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado, pero en un pasado muy reciente. Este tiempo verbal se forma con el presente del verbo (to) have, has o have+el participio del verbo de la acción: Regular (Infinitivo+ed) o Irregular

(tercera columna de la lista de verbos irregulares).

Ej.: John has washed the dishes this morning. (John ha lavado los platos esta mañana).

Forma negativa del Present Perfect Tense: Sujeto+ has not o hasn't /have not o haven't + Verbo de la acción en participio+ Complementos.

Ej.: John has not/ hasn't washed the dishes this morning.

Forma interrogativa del Present Perfect Tense: Has/Have+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la acción en participio+ Complementos.

Ej.: Has John washed the dishes this morning?

Past perfect tense-Pretérito pluscuamperfecto: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado, pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past). Se forma con el verbo (to) have en pasado, had+ el participio del verbo de la acción: Regular (Infinitivo+ed) o Irregular (tercera columna de la lista de verbos irregulares).

Ej: John had washed the dishes at two in the afternoon. (John había lavado los platos a las dos de la tarde).

Forma negativa del Past Perfect Tense: Sujeto+ had not/hadn't+ Verbo de la acción en participio+ Complementos.

Ej.: John had not/hadn't washed the dishes at two in the afternoon.

Forma interrogativa del Past Perfect Tense: Had+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la acción en

participio+ Complementos.

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Future tenses- Tiempos verbales de futuro

Simple future- Futuro simple: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tendrán lugar en un futuro, sin importar excesivamente el momento.

Se forma con la partícula will+ el infinitivo del verbo de la acción sin el (to).

Ej.: John will wash the dishes tomorrow. (John lavará los platos mañana).

Forma negativa del Simple Future: Sujeto+ will not/won't+ Verbo de la acción en infinitivo+ Complementos.

Ej.: John will not/ won't wash the dishes tomorrow.

Forma interrogativa del Simple Future: Will+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la acción en infinitivo+ Complementos.

Ej.: Will John wash the dishes tomorrow?.

Near future- Futuro próximo: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que van a tener lugar en el futuro, pero se trata de un futuro muy cercano al momento en el que se habla. Se forma con el verbo (to) be en presente (is o are), seguido de GOING TO+ el infinitivo del verbo de la acción.

Ej.: John is going to wash the dishes tonight. (John va a lavar los platos esta noche).

Forma negativa del Near Future: Sujeto+ is not o isn't/ are not o aren't+ Going to+ Verbo de la acción en infinitivo+ Complementos.

Ej.: John is not/isn't going to wash the dishes tonight.

Forma interrogativa del Near Future: Is/are+ Sujeto+ Going to+ Verbo de la acción en infinitivo+ Complementos?.

Ej.: Is John going to wash the dishes tonight?

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