THE PARTS OF THE BODY LOS PARTES DEL CUERPO

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THE PARTS OF THE BODY

LOS PARTES DEL CUERPO

Ankle Tobillo Nail Una (la)

Arm Brazo (el) Neck Cuello (el)

Artery Arteria (la) Nose Nariz (la)

Back Espalda (la) Palm Palma de la mano

Bladder Vejiga (la) Pelvis Pelvis (la)

Blood Sangre (la) Penis Pene (el)

Bone Hueso (el) Rectum Recto (el)

Brain Cerebro (el) Rib Costilla (la)

Breasts Senos, pechos (los) Shoulder Hombro (el)

Bunion Juanete (el) Skin Piel (la)

Buttock Nalga (la) Sole Planta del pie (la)

Calluses Callos (los) Stomach Estomago (el)

Cheek Mejilla (la) Throat Garganta (la)

Chest Pecho (el) Toe Dedo del pie (el)

Chin Barbilla (la) Tongue Lengua (la)

Collarbone Clavicula (la) Tooth Diente (el)

Colon Colon (el) Uterus Utero (el)

Ear Oido (el) Vagina Vagina (la)

Elbow Codo (el) Voice Voz (la)

Eye Ojo (el) Vulva Vulva (la)

Face Cara (la) Waist Cintura (la)

Finger Dedo (el) Wrist Muneca (la)

Foot Pie (el)

Forearm Antebrazo (el) Forehead Frente (la) Genitals Genitales (los)

Groin Ingle (la)

Gums Encias (las)

Hair Cabello (el)

Hand Mano (la)

Head Cabeza (la)

Heart Corazon (el)

Heel Talon (el)

Jaw Mandibula (la)

Joint Articulacion (la)

Kidney Rinon (el)

Knee Rodilla (la)

Leg Pierna (la)

Lip Labio (el)

Liver Hidago (el)

Lungs Pulmones (los)

Molar Muela (la)

Mouth Boca (la)

Mucus Moco (el)

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USEFUL QUESTIONS/PHRASES/WORDS FOR MEDICAL

BRIGADE AND TRIAGE

Examination commands:

Please sit down Sientese, por favor

Open your mouth Abra la boca

Stick out your tongue Saque la lengua

Take a deep breath Respire profundo

Hold your breath Mantenga el aire

Cough Tosa

Grab my hand Agarre mi mano

Raise your arm Levante el brazo

Go to the pharmacy, dentist Vaya a la farmacia, la dentista Follow instructions Siga las instrucciones

Take the medicine with food Tome la medicina con comida

Examination questions:

Do you smoke? Fuma?

Do you drink alcohol? Often? Toma alcohol? Frequentemente? How much coffee do you drink? Cuantas tazas de café toma?

Do you (he/she) have? Tiene? o

or Have you (he/she) had? Ha tenido?

Allergies? Alergias?

High blood pressure? Alta presion arterial?

Fever? High? Fiebre? Muy alta?

Seizures? Ataques?

Cough? Tos?

Stuffy nose? Nariz tapada?

Vomiting? Vomitos?

Nausea? Nausea?

Sore throat? Dolor de garganta?

Headache? Dolor de cabeza?

Ringing in ears? Zumbido?

Itching? Rascara?

Tingling? Hornigueo?

Dizziness? Mareos?

Swelling? Edema o hinchazon?

An insect bite? Moredura de insecto?

Constipation? Estrenimento?

Diarrhea? Diarrea?

Heartburn? Ardor en el estomago?

Heart attack? Ataque cardiaco?

Bleeding when urinating? Sangramiento al orinar? A burning sensation while urinating? Una sensacion de ardor?

A discharge? Un desecho?

Itching while urinating? Picazon?

Pain while urinating Dolor al orinar?

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Difficulty swallowing? Dificultades para tragar?

Insomnia? Insomnia?

Vision problems? Problemas de vision Breathing problems? Dificultades para respirar?

Arthritis? Artritis?

Asthma? Asma?

Numbness? Adormecimiento?

Good appetite? Buen apetito?

How long have you (he/she) had these symptoms? Por cuanto tiempo ha tenido estos sintomas? Do you have pain? Where? Tiene dolor? Donde?

What is the pain like? Que tipo de dolor tiene?

Sharp (punzante), strong (fuerte), stabbing (cuchilladas), intense (muy intenso), never stops (que no cede), pressure (presion)

When do you have the pain? Cuando tiene el dolor?

When you lie down? (cuando se acuesta?) When you stand up? (cuando se levanta?) When you walk? (cuando camina?) In the morning? (por la manana?) At night? (por la noche?) After eating? (despues de la comida?)

When was your last period? Cuando fue su ultima regla?

USEFUL QUESTIONS/PHRASES/WORDS

FOR MEDICAL TRIAGE

We are going to give vitamins, parasite medicine, Vamos a darle vitaminas, medicina and pain medicine. para parasitos, y pastillas para dolor. Do you need to see the doctor today or did you Necesita ver el doctor hoy o solo viene

come only for the vitamins, parasite para vitaminas, medicina para medicine or pain medicine? parasitos o medicina para dolor? (For each person in this family)

Have you had an allergic reaction to any Ha tenido reacion alergica de algunas medicines (Ex/ penicillin)? What is the medicines (Ex/ penicillin?) Cual name of that medicine? es el nombre de esa medicina? Do you (or any of the children) have a fever? Tiene usted (o los ninos) una fiebre? Are you taking any medicines now? What is the Usted esta tomando algunas

the name of that medicine? medicinas ahora? Cual es el nombres de esas medicinas?

Do you have any chronic medical problems? Tiene alguna problema chronico? Do you have diabetes/sugar, high or low Tiene diabetes/azucar, presion blood pressure, or asthma? arterial alta o bajo, o asma?

NO PARASITE MEDS GIVEN TO ANY PREGNANT OR NURSING FEMALES

It is necessary to ask all of the females over ten Es necesario preguntara todas las

years of age if they are pregnant because mujeres mas de diez anos de edad si the parasite medicine can harm the baby. estan embarazadas porque la medicina

para parasitos puede danar al bebe.

(For each female over 10 years of age) Are you pregnant? Are you sure? Esta embarazada? Esta segura?

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Are you breastfeeding? Esta amamantando al bebe? (For everyone)

Why did you come to the clinic today? What is Porque viene a la clinica hoy? Que

bothering you? What is you principal molestias tiene? Cual es su problem? How long have you had this problema principal? Por cuanto problem? tiempo ha tenido este problema?

(Depending on age or condition)

It is necessary to take your temperature (or Es necesario tomar su temperatura (o blood pressure, or blood sample). presion arterial, o muesta de la sangre). It is necessary to listen to your heart (or Es necesario escuchar su corazon (o

lungs). pulmones).

Do you need to see a dentist? Necesita ver un dentista?

(Useful words)

brown spots = manchas morenas white spots = manchas blancas rash = ronchas redness =

rojo o enrojecimiento swelling = hinchazon cramps = calambres itching = picazon

numbness = entumecimiento dizzy = mareo fungus = hongo belly = barriga blurry vision = vista barroso discharge = secrecion o desecho burning = ardor pain = dolor in the bones = en los huesos mucus = muco(sidad) cough = tos cold = gripe flem =

flema diarrhea = diarrea constipated = estrenido stool = excremento o pupu nausea = nausea vomit = vomitos urine = orina pills = pastillas period = regla

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USEFUL QUESTIONS/PHRASES/WORDS

FOR DENTAL BRIGADE

What is your name? (children) How old are you? Como se llama? (ninos) Cuantos anos tiene usted?

Are you nervous? Es usted nerviosa?

Don’t worry. Doctor ___ is a very good dentist. No se preocupe. Doctor__ esta muy buen dentista.

Do your teeth hurt you? Sus dientes le duele?

Is the problem above or below? Esta el problema arriba o abajo? In the front or the back? En frente o atras?

Indicate which teeth hurt you. Indique cual de los dientes le duele. It is necessary to take out _____ teeth. (Give Es necesario sacar ___ dientes. (De location) ex/ Two in the front, here (point) and localizacion) ex/ Dos en el frente,

one molar in the back, there (point). aqui, y una muela de atras, alli.

Okay to take them out? Esta bien sacarlos?

It is necessary to anesthetize your teeth. Es necesario anestesiar sus dientes.

It is only a small prick. Solo pequeno pinchazo.

(5 or 10 minutes after anesthesia given)

Is your lip asleep? Does it feel different? Esta su labio dormido? Se siente Are your teeth asleep? diferente? Esta sus dientes dormido? Do they feel fat? Is your tongue asleep? Los sientese gordo? Esta su lengua

dormido?

You are going to feel much pressure, but no pain. Usted va a sentir mucho presion,

If it hurts, raise your arm and he (or she) will stop. pero sin dolor. Si le duele, levante su brazo, y el (o ella) va a parara.

Squeeze my hand. Apriete mi mano. (to children)

Don’t be afraid. Don’t cry. No tema. No llores.

Almost finished. Ya casi termina.

We’re done. Terminamos.

(Instructions)

Bite the gauze for half an hour to stop the bleeding. Muerda la gasa por media hora para parar el sangrado.

(Useful words)

Spit! = Escupe! cavities = las caries o picaduras to prick = pinchar plaque = sarro an abscess = un absceso filling = el relleno o el empaste molars = las muelas Open you mouth! = Abra la boca! Close your mouth! = Cierre la boca!

Rinse your mouth! = Enjuage su boca! to bite = morder to bleed = sangrar

saliva = la saliva to swallow = tragar loose = flojo(a) dental floss = el hilo dental gums = las encias a partial = un puente removable toothbrush = el cepillo de dientes

Bibliography

Spanish For Healthcare Providers McGraw Hill (Book And 3 Cd’s) Spanish for Health Care Professionals Barron’s

Donde No Hay Doctor (Where There Is No Doctor), Hesperian Foundation (online) Donde No Hay Dentista (Where There Is No Dentist), Hesperian Foundation (online)

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Referencias

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