GESTIÓN HISTÓRICA DE LOS RECURSOS FORESTALES E HÍDRICOS EN LOS MONTES CANARIOS

Texto completo

(1)

01234567

842359417

27

91922

9123127

17

89427

167

27

6312

6942

7727 7!7"77#"70#$79"$%&

'()*+,-./(01+23+/(4,5-6376(8-(92:-23-6;/(<3=3.(-(928,*>63/.?(@23=-6*38/8(8-(A/(A/:,2/(B@AAC?(D=-238/

D*>67E;*3+7(F6/2+3*+7(4G2+H-I(*J2?(KLMNOPAD ADQ@RD B4/2>/(<6,I(8-(0-2-63E-S()*5/T/C?(<766-7 -.-+>6U23+7V(W+*/2>/X,..?-*

M(Y/6/W-(Y63Z-67(8-([.=/6-I(KKS(K\]?(KLNN^P4DR0D<_@`(])(0)R)_9F)B)*5/T/C?(<766-7(-.-+>6U23+7V

ZZ-6>a-Xb/H77?-*

9

A7*(Z72>-*(-2(</2/63/*(H/2(+72E76Z/87(,27*(-+7*3*>-Z/*(Z,b(E6G:3.-*(b(H/2(*387(/.>/Z-2> --a5.7>/87*(b(-*c,3.Z/87*(8,6/2>-(+,/>67(*3:.7*?().(d7*c,-(H/(*387(-2(-*>/*(157+/*(5/*/8/*(-.(832/P Z3I/876(8-.(8-*/667..7(-+72UZ3+7(b(*,Z323*>6/876(8-(.7*(6-+,6*7*(2-+-*/637*(5/6/(-.(8-*/667..7(8-(./ =38/(-2(./*(3*./*?().(56-*-2>-(-*>,837(6-+7:-(.7*(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7*(>6/83+372/.-*(c,-(H/2(>-2387(.7* d7*c,-*(+/2/637*S(+7Z-2I/287(-2(./(->/5/(/d763:-2(b(..-:/287(H/*>/(./(->/5/(/+>,/.S(/2/.3I/287(.7* 83E-6-2>-*(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7*(8-*8-(-.(5,2>7(8-(=3*>/(E76-*>/.(-(H3867.U:3+7(b(*,(3Z5/+>7(-2(./*(3*./*? 4-(/2/.3I/(-.(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7(8-(.7*(5678,+>7*(-a>6/;87*(8-(.7*(532/6-*S(P./(>-/S(./(5-IS(./(5327P +H/SePS(b(8-(./*(Z/*/*(8-(./,63*3.=/(fZ/8-6/S(-.(+/6dU2(=-:->/.SeP(/*;(+7Z7(./(/+>3=38/8(/5;+7./S(./ /+>3=38/8(/:67E76-*>/.S(.7*(5/.Z-6/.-*(b(576(g.>3Z7(./(+/I/?(A/(d37Z/*/(*3-Z56-(H/(-*>/87(6-./+372/P 8/(+72(-.(8-*/667..7(8-(./(57d./+3U2(-2(</2/63/*(*3-287(./(563Z-6/(E,-2>-(8-(-2-6:;/(-.-Z-2>/.( c,-H,d7(-2(-.(/6+H3531./:7(*,*>3>,b-287(*,(,*7(/(.7(./6:7(8-(.7*(/T7*(576(.7*(+7Zd,*>3d.-*(EU*3.-*?(Y-67 ./(5632+35/.(+/,*/(8-(./(8-E76-*>/+3U2(8-(.7*(d7*c,-*(E,-(+7Z7(-2(7>67*(.,:/6-*(./(67>,6/+3U2(8-(./* >3-66/*(5/6/(,*7(/:6;+7./?()2(-.(*-2>387(H3867.U:3+7(>/Zd312(*-(/2/.3I/(*,(-=7.,+3U2(H3*>U63+/S(8-*>/P +/287(c,-(-2(./*(3*./*(7++38-2>/.-*S(8-*8-(H/+-('NN(/T7*(b(H/*>/(H7bS(*3:,-(-*>/287(=3:-2>-(-.(Z78-P .7(8-(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7(8-(.7*(6-+,6*7*(H;863+7*(8-.(Z72>-?(4-(+72+.,b-(576(>787(-..7(c,-(-.(Z72> --2(</2/63/*S(b(-2(5/6>3+,./6(*,(+7d-6>,6/(E76-*>/.S(>3-2-(,2(5/5-.(563Z7683/.(-2(./(6-:,./+3U2(8-(.7* 6-+,6*7*(H;863+7*(8-(./*(3*./*?()2(-.(-*>,837(>/Zd312(*-(H/+-(6-E-6-2+3/(/(./(-=7.,+3U2(8-(.7*(/567=-P +H/Z3-2>7*(8-(./(56-+353>/+3U2(H763I72>/.S(*3-287(-*>-(,2(/*5-+>7(-*5-+;E3+7(8-(./*(3*./*?

Y/./d6/*(+./=-V(hijklmnlopqrkplsmtuvlnipwxykirzl{m|lvi{zxoi{sm}{ox{mlpiqrkpx{sm~kjvlol€xm|lvi{zxosmvipkukzxpk‚rmjimrkiƒox

4639456

]-*8-(c,-(-.(H7Zd6-(-a3*>-(H/(,*/87(-.(>-663P >7637(5/6/(,2(d-2-E3+37(5-6*72/.(-a>6 /b-287(8-1.(./*(Z/>-63/*(b(5678,+>7*(c,-(2-+-*3>/(5/6/(*, *,d*3*>-2+3/(b(8-*/667..7?(Y/6/(.7*(563Z-67* H/d3>/2>-*(8-(./*(3*./*(</2/63/*S(-.(Z72>-(*,5,*7

,2(6-+,6*7(8-(=3>/.(3Z576>/2+3/S(576(,2(./87 +7Z7(*,Z323*>6/876(8-(-2-6:;/(B576(./(c,-Z/( 8-Z/8-6/C(b(/:,/S(b(576(7>67S(+7Z7(.,:/6(8728-( *-8-*/667../d/2(./(Z/b76(8-(./*(/+>3=3 8/8-*(8-*,d*3*>-2+3/?(D.7(./6:7(8-(./(H3*>763/(8-(./*(3*./*S -*>-(6-+,6*7(2/>,6/.(H/(-=7.,+372/87(27>/d.-P Z-2>-(H/*>/(2,-*>67*(8;/*S(8728-(*,(5632+35/.

„^ 944RV('„^„PM›'N

(2)

E,2+3U2(-*(./(+72*-6=/+3U2(b(,2(/>6/+>3=7(>,6;*>3P +7(8-(6-.-=/2+3/?

]-*8-(.7*(/2>3:,7*(57d./876-*(H/*>/(./ /+>,/.38/8S(-a3*>-(,2(5,2>7(8-(32E.-a3U2(-2(-. /567=-+H/Z3-2>7(8-.(Z72>-(b(-2(./*(Z783E3+/P +372-*(c,-(*-(5678,W-672(-2(./*(E76Z/+372-* =-:->/.-*(8-(./*(9*./*(b(-*>-(H3>7(-*(A/(<72c,3*>/ c,-(*-(..-=U(/(+/d7(-2>6-('›NM(b('›O?(A/ *-+,-2+3/(8-(+72c,3*>/(8-(./*(3*./*(-*(./(*3:,3-2P >-V(A/2I/67>-S().(™3-667(b(F,-6>-=-2>,6/(B'›NM(f '›N„CS(A/(Q7Z-6/(BH/+3/('›„NCS(57*>-6376Z-2> -Q6/2(</2/63/(B'›^L(P('›LKCS(A/(Y/.Z/(B'›M(f '›KC(b(576(g.>3Z7(0-2-63E-(B'››(P('›OC?()*(./ +7.723I/+3U2S(576(>/2>7S(,2(5,2>7(b(/5/6>-(-2(./ E76Z/(8-(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7(8-(.7*(Z72>-*(/.(>6/-6 56G+>3+/*(-(328,*>63/*(5-232*,./6-*(/(./*(3*./*?

1ž4567172

Ÿ9ž184163279123 12

1671984Ÿ10

1¡7¢£%

A7*(/d76;:-2-*(.3Z3>/672(-.(,*7(8-(.7*(6-+,6*7* =-:->/.-*(E76-*>/.-*(/(./(6-+7:38/(8-(E6,>7*S(.-T/S Z/8-6/(+72(./(c,-(E/d63+/d/2(/6Z/*(b(+/b/87*(P32*P >6,Z-2>7*(.3*7*S(7(+72(,2(-2*/2+H/Z3-2>7(-2(-.(>-6P +37(*,5-6376(8-(./(Z3*Z/(b(*,(-a>6-Z7(32E-6376(-*>G 567=3*>7S(-2(7+/*372-*S(8-(H,-*7(B¤9¥¦R)`->(xo?S

'^OCS(/8-ZG*(8-(/5-67*(/:6;+7./*(6,83Z-2>/637*(b 7dW->7*(5/6/(,*7(87Z1*>3+7(B6-+353-2>-*(8-(Z/8-6/S 5-32-*S(+,+H/6/*S(->+?C(b(c,3IG*(-2(.7*(+./67*(*-(8-*P /667../d/(,2(+,.>3=7(56-+/637(8-(:6/Z;2-/*?(

).(5/*>76-7(/d763:-2(5,87(-W-6+-6(/.:,2/(56-P *3U2(*7d6-(-.(*7>7d7*c,-(8-(.7*(5632+35/.-*(-+7*3*>-P Z/*(E76-*>/.-*S(5-67(./*(G6-/*(8-(5/*>7*(5632+35/.-*( *--2+72>6/d/2(B/.(Z-27*(-2(./*(3*./*(7++38-2>/.-*C(-2 87Z3237(8-.(Z/>766/.(8-(+7*>/(b(8-(+,Zd6-(576(.7( c,--*>/(/E-++3U2(*-6;/(*7.7(Z/6:32/.(BQD_<§DS('LC?

1¡7#£

)*(/(5/6>36(8-(A/(<72c,3*>/S(c,-(*-(..-=U(/ +/d7(-2>6-('›NM(b('›OS(+,/287(*-(5678,+-(,2 /567=-+H/Z3-2>7(E76-*>/.(32+72>67./87(c,-(+72P 8,+36;/(/(*,(8-:6/8/+3U2(b(+72*3:,3-2>-(+/Zd37 6/83+/.(8-.(5/3*/W-S(-2(-.(c,-(>,=7(,2(Z/b76(5-*7 -2(./(-*>6,+>,6/(-+72UZ3+/(./(/:63+,.>,6/S(5-67 *32(7.=38/6(./(:/2/8-6;/(c,-(+72*>3>,bU(>78/=;/ ,2/(/+>3=38/8(Z,b(3Z576>/2>-(-2(.7*(563Z-67* /T7*(8-(./(+7.723I/+3U2?(

D,2c,-(Z,+H7*(/d76;:-2-*(c,-8/672S(d3-2 +7Z7(-*+./=7*(7(.3d6-*S(/.(+,38/87(8-(5/6> -(8-.7*(6-d/T7*S(*-(5678,W7S(27(7d*>/2>-S(,2(>6/*>76P 27(-2(./(/+>3=38/8(5/*>763.(b(-2(./(83*>63d,+3U2( 8-.7*(/2>3:,7*(+/Z57*(8-(5/*>76-7?(D8-ZG*S(/(./ /d,28/2+3/(8-(.7*(6-d/T7*(8-(.7*(:,/2+H-*(/66-P d/>/87*(576(-.(D8-./2>/87(b(*,*(/+7Z5/T/2>-* -2(./(-Z56-*/(+7.723/.S(*-(*,ZU(Z,b(5672>7(./ 6G538/(567.3E-6/+3U2(-2(./(3*./(8-(0-2-63E-(8-. :/2/87(Z/b76(B=/+,27(b(+/d/../6C?

A/(>/./(8-*+72*38-6/8/(b(*32(Z1>787S(.7* 32+-2837*(567=7+/87*S(-.(5/*>76-7(32>-2*3=7(U .7*(Z727+,.>3=7*(E,-672(./*(Z,+H/*(+/,*/*( c,-/.>-6/672(b(E6/:Z-2>/672(.7*(Z72>-*(*32(c,-(./* 768-2/2I/*(-a3*>-2>-*(E,-6/2(*,E3+3-2>-*(5/6/(*, +72*-6=/+3U2?(A/*(+/,*/*(567E,28/*(8-(>/.(8->-P 63767(E,-672(-.(/,Z-2>7(8-(./(57d./+3U2S(+72(./ +72*3:,3-2>-(/=38-I(8-(+/Z57*(8-(+,.>3=7*S(b(./ 8-*/5/63+3U2(8-(.7*(d7*c,-*(>-6ZUE3.7*(8-(./* I72/*(d/W/*S(.7(c,-(3Z5,.*7(/(./(57d./+3U2(/. /567=-+H/Z3-2>7(8-(.7*(Z72>-*(8-(Z-83/2;/( 8-./,63*3.=/(b(E/b/.Pd6-I/.?(A7*(32:-237*(8-(/Ig+/6S .7*(H7:/6-*(b(./(+72*>6,++3U2(8-(=3=3-28/*(b(d/6P +7*(*-:,;/2(2-+-*3>/287(Z/8-6/S(.-T/(7(+/6dU2? A7*(32+-2837*(E76-*>/.-*S(,2/*(=-+-*(567=7+/87* 7>6/*(E76>,3>7*S(6-*>/672(>/Zd312(Z,+H/*(H-+>GP 6-/*(/.(Z72>-(B¥)]9RDS(MN''C?

1¡7#

]-*8-(./*(8-*/Z76>3I/+372-*(-2(</2/63/*S 'LKO(b('L„„S(-2(c,-(./*(8-+./6/+3 72-*(8-¥72>-*(8-(@>3.38/8(Ygd.3+/(57*3d3.3>/672(./(567P >-++3U2(8-(,2/(:6/2(5/6>-(8-(>-66-27(E76-*>/. 6-E76I/87(57*>-6376Z-2>-(+72(./(8-+./6/+3U2( 8-)*5/+37*(R/>,6/.-*(Y67>-:387*(b(+72(.7*(Y./2-* 8-(¨68-2/+3U2(0-663>763/.(8-(./*(83E-6-2>-*(3*./*S -2(./*(c,-(*-(8-.3Z3>/(-.(,*7(8-(*,*(6-+,6*7*?(

A7*(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7*(E76-*>/.-*(c,-(*,d*3*P >-2(-2(./(/+>,/.38/8(-2(:-2-6/.(-2(</2/63/*S(5632P +35/.Z-2>-(-2(./*(3*./*(¨++38-2>/.-*S(*72 H-6-2+3/(8-.(*3*>-Z/(/:6/637(>6/83+372/.S(d/*/87 -2(-.(,*7(32>-:6/87(8-(.7*(6-+,6*7*(8-.(>-663>7637S 5/6/(+,d636(./*(2-+-*38/8-*(8-(Z/8-6/S(.-T/S +/Z/(b(/.3Z-2>7(5/6/(-.(:/2/87(8-(./(57d./+3U2 .7+/.(BF3:,6/('C(P-a5.7>/+372-*(/:67:/2/8-6/* E/Z3.3/6-*PS(8-(./(/:63+,.>,6/(8-(/,>7+72*,Z7( 8-./*(Z-83/2;/*(8-(./*(3*./*(8-(6-.3-=-S(5-67(>/ZP d312(5/6/(+,d636(./*(2-+-*38/8-*(8-(./*(/+>3=38/P 8-*(/:6;+7./*(+7Z7(.7*(>,>76-*(8-(.7*(+,.>3=7*( 8-5.G>/27*(B-*>/+72-*(b(-*>/c,3../*S(-2(-.(.-2:,/W

-„L

(3)

.7+/.CS(>7Z/>-*(B=/6/*CS(>/d/+7(B+,W-*C(b(=3T/ BH76c,->/*CeBF3:,6/(MC?

1ž4567172

Ÿ9ž184163278942716

27631276942

A7*(/d76;:-2-*(-2(./*(9*./*(*/>3*E/+;/2(*,* 2-+-*38/8-*(-2(Z/>-63/(8-(/:,/S(*3Z5.-Z-2> -/+-6+G287*-(/(.7*(d/66/2+7*(576(8728-(+36+,./d/ -.(+,6*7(8-(/:,/(+72>32,/Z-2>-?(©G*3+/Z-2>-(-*> -/567=-+H/Z3-2>7(*-(8/d/(-2(./(>7>/.38/8(8-(./* 3*./*(*/.=7(-2(./(8-().(™3-667S(8-d387(/(c,-(-*>/S 576(*,(W,=-2>,8(:-7.U:3+/S(27(83*572;/(8-(d/66/2P +7*(3Z576>/2>-*S(.7(c,-(567=7+U(c,-(-*>7*(H/d3>/2P >-*(d,*+/6/2(7>6/*(E76Z/*(8-(7d>-2-6(-.(/:,/?(@27 8-(.7*(*3*>-Z/*(,>3.3I/87*(E,-672(.7*(H,-+7*(-2(./* 6/Z/*(8-(.7*(G6d7.-*(Bª†qpkyl{«S(ª†qv¬xyl{«(7 ª†qo{xyl{«C(c,-(*-(..-2/d/2(+72(-.(/:,/(567=-P 23-2>-(8-(./*(56753/*(6/Z/*(8-.(567537(G6d7.(/. +728-2*/6(./*(d6,Z/*?()*>7*(8-5U*3>7*(-*>6/>1:3P +7*(8-(/:,/(BF3:,6/(KC(*-(H-6-8/d/2(8-(5/86-*(/ H3W7*(b(*-(83*>63d,;/2(-*>6/>1:3+/Z-2>-(/(.7(./6:7 8-.(Z72>-(™-66-T7(B4DR0D¥D_0DS(MN'NC?

]-(-2>6-(>787*(-*>7*(G6d7.-*(b(.,:/6-*(-*+7:3P 87*(576(.7*(©3Zd/+H-*S(8-*>/+/(+72(27Zd6-(567P 537(-.(G6d7.(8-.(ª­xvl®«(7(ª¯vƒlomˆxrzl«(BF3:,6/ ›C(c,-(E,-(-.(*;Zd7.7(3283*+,>3d.-(8-(./(H3*>763/

/d763:-2(8-().(™3-667?()6/S(*-:g2(+6U23+/*(b(:6/P d/87*S(,2(G6d7.(5-6>-2-+3-2>-(/(./(-*5-+3-(°plzix |lizir{03.S(b(c,-(-2(*,*(32Z-83/+372-*(*-(H/d;/2 56/+>3+/87(57+->/*(5/6/(-.(/.Z/+-2/Z3-2>7(8-. /:,/S(/+7Z5/T/87(8-(,2/(6-8(8-(+/2/.-*?(<7Z7 +,637*38/8(./*(57+->/*(-2(E76Z/(8-(d7>/(*-(-a+/P =/672(H/+3/(-.(32>-6376(8-(./(./8-6/S(>-23-287(./ +/6/+>-6;*>3+/(*32:,./6(8-(c,-(./(3Z5-6Z-/d3.3I/P +3U2(8-(./*(Z3*Z/*(E,-(57*3d.-(/.(Z-I+./6(G6387 +72(6-*32/(8-(5327S(576(.7(c,-(5,-8-(*-6(./(563Z-P 6/(3Z5-6Z-/d3.3I/+3U2(/6>3E3+3/.(8-(</2/63/*?

06/*(./(+72c,3*>/(8-(./*(9*./*S(-.(/:,/(*-(6-5/6P >3U(576(5/6>-(8-(.7*(:7d-62/876-*(8-(./*(3*./*(6-/P .-2:/*(BQ6/2(</2/63/S(0-2-63E-(b(A/(Y/.Z/C(-2>6 -.7*(E32/2+3-67*S(Z3.3>/6-*(b(+7.727*(B./(*7+3-8/8 328;:-2/(c,-8U(8-*57*-;8/(8-(>787*(.7*(Z-837* 8-(5678,++3U2(+7Z7(5-68-876/C?(@2/(/*3:2/+3U2 Z,b(-*5-+;E3+/S(5,-*(./*(/:,/*(c,-(=-2;/2( 8-*8-./(+,Zd6-(8-(.7*(Z72>-*(576(./*(6-8-*(2/>,6/.-*S c,-8/d/2(=32+,./8/*(/(.7*(.7>-*(8-(>3-66/*(6-5/6>3P 8/*(Bc,-(H/d;/2(8-(+,.>3=/6*-(56-E-6-2>-Z-2>-( 8-+/T/(8,.+-(5/6/(.7*(2,-=7*(32:-237*(/I,+/6-67*CS ./*(8-27Z32/8/*(8/>/*(B4@D_)`S(MNN„C?

]-(-*>/(E76Z/S(*-:g2(5/*/(-.(>3-Z57S(-.(/:,/( 8-+/8/(d/66/2+7(7(+,-2+/(H3867:6GE3+/(+/2/.3I/8/(/ >6/=1*(8-(,2/(/+-c,3/(5632+35/.(b(7>6/*(*-+,28/63/* +766-*5728;/S(576(6-:./(:-2-6/.S(/(,2(wivijxykirzl /2>3:,7S(56--a3*>-2>-(8-*8-(.7*(563Z-67*(6-5/6>7* 8-(>3-66/*(b(/:,/*?(Y-67(.,-:7(*-(E,-(8-*32>-:6/287

„ ±²³´µ¶·¸‡m…loyirx{mzvxjkpklrxoi{muxvxmxuvlnipwxykirzl xu€ploxmirmp†inxmjimtvkplsm¹irivk|i‡m‰{zqrmxozxyirzi nxolvxjx{mox{mjk|ivirzi{mykioi{mjimox{m}{ox{smplylmoxmji |olvi{mlmoxmjimvizxyxmjiom¹ikjim“­tº…»tsm”••‘–

(4)

-.(d327Z37(>3-66/P/:,/S(-2(./(Z-838/(8-(c,-(-. Z3*Z7(*-(E6/++372/d/(576(H-6-8/Z3-2>7*(b(=-2>/*? <72(./*(6-E76Z/*(8-.(.3d-6/.3*Z7S(-2(-.(*3:.7(À9À(b .,-:7(+72(.-b-*(8-(/:,/*(8-(5632+3537*(8-.(*3:.7 ÀÀS(c,-(+72*7.38/672(*,(563=/>3I/+3U2S(./*(/2>3P :,/*(H-6-8/8-*(*-(>6/2*E76Z/672(-2(+7Z,238/8-* 8-(6-:/2>-*S(7(d3-2(*-(+6-/672(7>6/*(2,-=/*(+7Z,P 238/8-*S(5,-*(./(8-Z/28/(8-(/:,/(5/6/(.7*(2,-=7* +,.>3=7*(B+/T/(8,.+-S(5.G>/27*(b(>7Z/>-*C(8->-6Z3P 2U(./(dg*c,-8/(8-(2,-=7*(6-+,6*7*(H;863+7*(+72 +/53>/.-*(563=/87*(-2(./(5-6E76/+3U2(8-(57I7*(b :/.-6;/*(7(+72(./(+72*>6,++3U2(8-(56-*/*?()*>/*(2,-P =/*(*7+3-8/8-*(8-.(/:,/(-2>6/672S(Z,+H/*(=-+-*S(-2 +72>32,7*(+72E.3+>7*S(+72(.7*(8-6-+H7*(563=/87* 56--a3*>-2>-*(8-(.7*(/2>3:,7*(H-6-8/Z3-2>7*S(*7d6 ->787(+72(.7*(/.,Zd6/Z3-2>7*(*,d>-66G2-7*(BZ32/*S 57I7*(b(:/.-6;/*C(B4@D_)`S(MNNC?

624612

)2(./*(g.>3Z/*(81+/8/*(*-(H/(32+6-Z-2>/87(-. ,*7(8-(5678,+>7*(>6/83+372/.-*(+7Z7(./(.-T/(5/6/ ./*(+H3Z-2-/*(b(-.(+/6dU2(5/6/(./*(d/6d/+7/*?(

A7*(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7*(8-.(Z72>-=-68-(*,dP *3*>-2(-2(./(/+>,/.38/8S(-2(5/6>-(:6/+3/*(/(./* 2-+-*38/8-*(8-(Z/>-63/(76:G23+/(8-(./(/:63+,.>,P 6/(5./>/2-6/S(*U.7(5/6+3/.Z-2>-(+,d3-6>/*S(b(./ 6-57*3+3U2(8-(/.:,27*(>,>76-*(-2(83+H7(+,.>3=7(b -2(./(=3T/(BQD_<§DÁFA)©)4S(MNNMC?

)*>/(83*Z32,+3U2(8-.(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7 E76-*>/.(5,-8-(*-6(8-d38/(/(87*(+/,*/*V(576(,2

./87(/(./(E/.>/(8-(8-Z/28/(b(576(7>67(/(./(.3Z3>/P +3U2(8-(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7(c,-(*-(H/(32+.,387(-2 32*>6,Z-2>7*(276Z/>3=7*(8-()*5/+37*(R/>,6/.-* Y67>-:387*(7(-2(.7*(Y./2-*(8-(¨68-2/+3U2(8-. 0-663>7637(8-(./*(83E-6-2>-*(3*./*?

D.7(./6:7(8-(./(H3*>763/(-.(5/5-.(H3867.U:3+7 8-(./*(Z/*/*(E76-*>/.-*(-*(E,28/Z-2>/.(-2(87* *-2>387*V(576(,2/(5/6>-(H/(*387(-.(/:-2>-(5/*3=7 -2+/6:/87(8-(83*Z32,36(./(-67*3U2S(+72*-6=/6S *,W->/6(-.(*,-.7(b(/,Z-2>/6(./(32E3.>6/+3U2(/.(83*P Z32,36(./(-*+766-2>;/?(Y76(7>6/(5/6>-S(./(Z/*/ E76-*>/.S(/+>g/(+7Z7(6-:,./876(8-(6-+,6*7* />Z7*E163+7*S(./(8-27Z32/8/(oo†nkxmwlvk¬lrzxoml uvipkukzxpk‚rmjimrkiƒoxBF3:,6/(„C(E,-2> -(8-6-+,6*7(H3*>U63+/(-2(./(3*./(8-().(™3-667?(Y76(7>67 ./87(E/=76-+-(./(32E3.>6/+3U2(8-(./*(..,=3/*(b(576 .7(>/2>7(./(6-+/6:/(8-(.7*(/+,;E-67*(32*,./6-* B4DR0D¥D_0DS(MN'MC?

Y6G+>3+/Z-2>-(.7*(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7*(836-+>7* H/2(8-*/5/6-+387S(c,-8/287(/.:,2/*(7d6/*(>6/83P +372/.-*(+7Z7(./*(yxvizx{ 7(ox{mxnkx{? D+>,/.Z-2>-(H/b(c,-(8-*>/+/6(/.:,2/*(32*>/./P +372-*(Z78-62/*(8-(+/5>/+3U2(8-(./(56-+353>/+3U2 8-(23-d./(5/6/(,*7*(Z,b(.3Z3>/87*S(6-./+372/87* +72(./(/:63+,.>,6/(b(-a>32+3U2(8-(32+-2837*?

Y78-Z7*(+72+.,36(c,-(-.(Z72>-(</2/637S(H/ 8-W/87(8-(*-6(,2(*-+>76(5678,+>3=7S(-2(-.(*-2>387 -*>63+>7(8-(./(5/./d6/S(5/6/(+72=-6>36*-(-2(,2 -*5/+37(567>-:387(b(6-:,./876(8-(.7*(6-+,6*7* H;863+7*?(A/(:-*>3U2(=/(8363:38/(/(./(+72*-6=/P +3U2(8-(.7*(-*5/+37*(2/>,6/.-*(b(/.(,*7(6-+6-/>3P =7(b(>,6;*>3+7?

ON

¤?<?(4DR0D¥D_0D<)_)`DA —Q-*>3U2(H3*>U63+/(8-(.7*(6-+,6*7*(E76-*>/.-*(-(H;863+7*(-2(.7*(Z72>-*(+/2/637*š

±²³´µ¶·Â‡m¯vƒlomˆxrzlmlm­xvl®smo†xvmjlrjimlƒzir€xrmio x†xmol{mxrzk†l{mulƒoxjlvi{mjimoxmk{oxmjim‰om~kivvl “ˆt¿¹thtº¹tsm”••Ã–

(5)

Å4Å4094

QD_<§D ¥¨_DA)4S(¥?Æ('L?(A/(32+38-2+3/

H,Z/2/(-2(.7*(-+7*3*>-Z/*(E76-*>/. -*(8-0-2-63E-V(8-(./(Y6-H3*>763/(/(./(+72c,3*>/(+/*P >-../2/?(tr†xvklmjim‰{z†jkl{mtzoqrzkpl{ 'LV(›„^P›^M?

QD_<§D_¨]_§Q@)`S(¤?A?(ÁF)©A)4_D¥§_)`S(¥?F?Æ

MNNM?().(/567=-+H/Z3-2>7(/:67:/2/8-67(8-. ¥72>-=-68-(-2(./(3*./(8-(A/(Y/.Z/(B</2/63/*C? Çloiz€rmjimoxmt‡­‡‰‡KKV(^PMM?

¤9¥)R)`S(¥?<?Æ(0)¤)_DS(D?¥?(ÁA¨_)R`¨S(¥?Æ

'^O?(…xvzxmxv¾†ilo‚kpxmjim¹irivk|i?(D,./ 8-(<,.>,6/(8-(0-2-63E-?(0-2-63E-?

¥)]9RDF)_R[R])`S(4?Æ(MN''?(…xvxpzivk¬xpk‚r

½muvlu†i{zxmjimzvxzxykirzl{m{ion€plox{muxvx ox{myx{x{mjimylrzinivjimjimoxmplyxvpxmji tpirziÈlm½miomy†rkpkuklmjimÉxm°vlzxnxm“uvl nkrpkxmjimˆxrzxm…v†¬mjim¹irivk|i–?(Y67b-+>7 E32(8-(+/66-6/(8-(9?0?(F76-*>/.?(@23=-6*38/8 Y7.3>1+23+/(8-(¥/8638?(¥/8638?

4DR0D¥D_0D <)_)`DAS(¤?<?(->(xo?Æ(MN'M?

}rirkiv€xm|lvi{zxom½mxyƒkirzxomirmyijkl{

kr{†oxvi{‡mh®zljl{m½miÊuivkirpkx{mirmox{ k{ox{m…xrxvkx{‡m@23=-6*38/8(8-(A/(A/:,2/? 92183>7?

4DR0D¥D_0D<)_)`DAS(¤?<?Æ(MN'M?(~kjvlol€xm½

vip†v{l{mw€jvkpl{mirmk{ox{m½mzivvirl{mnlopqrk pl{‡m@23=-6*38/8(8-(A/(A/:,2/?(92183>7? 4DR0D¥D_0D<)_)`DAS(¤?<?(Á4)9¤D4©DÁËRS(¤?Æ

MN'N?(F,28/Z-2>7*(b(>-+27.7:;/*(5/6/(./ +/5>/+3U2(b(,*7(8-.(/:,/(567+-8-2>-(8-(./ ..,=3/(H763I72>/.(-2(.7*(Z72>-*(+/2/637*? ºink{zxmhlrzi{'NNV('P'„

4@[_)`¥¨_)R¨S(F?(Á4@[_)`Y¦_)`S(D?Æ(MNN„?

‰omuxzvkylrklmwkjvq†okplmirm…xrxvkx{smir xv¾†kzipz†vx{smkrirkiv€x{m½mp†oz†vx{mjio x†xS(‰rV(92+,2/S(D*7+3/+3U2(8-(D6c,-7.7:;/ 928,*>63/.(B-8*?CS(…loippk‚rmÉl{mlÈl{mjimox yiylvkxV('^KP'M?(Q3WU2?(D*>,63/*?

4@[_)` ¥¨_)R¨S(F?Æ(MNN?(‰omx†xmir

…xrxvkx{‡m~k{zlvkxsmi{zvxzikx{m½muvlpijk ykirzl{m jkjqpzkpl{?( ©3-2Z-*/d-?76:?P 92E7276>-83:3>/.PD6>-=36:7?76:?(]Y Q< '?KMKPMNN?()2(.;2-/V(ÌH>>5VJJÍÍÍ?32E7276P >-83:3>/.?+7ZJ5,d.3+/+372-*J87+*J''?58EÎ

Figure

Actualización...

Referencias

Actualización...

Related subjects :