We live in a globalized world where it is necessary to have intercultural language learners able to have real understanding with people from different cultures, who are capable to have an active role not only in their society but in other societies. To achieve this goal, educational institutions have started to implement different methodologies and different resources to make their students more interculturally competent. One of the most important resources are textbooks and their supplementary materials. Consequently, this contentanalysis sought to analyze the way in which a series of textbooks written and produced by Latin American academics and implemented for the same population including Bogota involves fosterage of intercultural competence. To achieve this task the concept of visible and invisible culture and the savoirs of intercultural competence were applied to create some coding frames and checklists that became the instruments to analyze three units in all the components of an English textbook: student‟s book, teacher`s book, CDs and Greenwich lab- workbook. Findings reveal that the book presents several aspects related to visible, invisible culture and the savoirs of the intercultural
This paper investigates attitudes about Turkish-German code- mixing. The data presented is part of a study consisting of an online survey that collected demographic information on the participants and their reactions to short film clips. Clips in which characters speak German, Turkish, or a mixture of the two were chosen from two films by the Turkish-German director, Fatih Akin. The survey was available in German, Turkish, and English. This paper discusses open-ended responses to the survey with a concentration on evalua- tive comments regarding language use. The survey was administered to 20 native German speakers, 26 native Turkish speakers, and 12 native Turkish-German bilinguals. This paper expands upon themes in the responses with detailed contentanalysis. The results illumina- te the connections that exist between the use of code-mixing and social characteristics in the minds of the participants. Results indica- te that bilingual Turkish-German speakers as well as German- speakers and Turkish-speakers evaluate mixing negatively.
Our study has a number of respects that make it especially interesting. It departs from the prevailing Anglo-Saxon context of accounting history in international journals, and to a minor extent from the period most commonly analysed, 1850–1945 (Carnegie and Potter, 2000; Carmona, 2004). Our sources are three long series of information: MR and the two sets of minutes, MBD and MSGM. We know of no other use of this methodology to analyse minute documents such as these. MR or equivalent documents containing mainly qualitative information typical of annual reports have been studied under contentanalysis methodology. However, a series as extensive as ours is uncommon (Lewis et al., 1984; Neimark and Tinker, 1986; Guthrie and Parker, 1989; Casasola Balsells, 2007). Moreover, our documents cover a period encompassing deep social, economic, cultural and political changes; in the latter case, they include republic, dictatorship and democracy. This allows the identification of different contexts or stages within which to analyse whether there are changes in the information brought about by changing institutional pressures (Meyer, 1986).
In some cases, profile identification is difficult since the as- sociated Twitter accounts may not be exclusively dedicated to the policy lab’s activity. Labs with descriptions sugges- ting they are primarily or exclusively used by the policy lab have been included. Similarly, we have included labs with a wider scope if their profiles or tweet content refer to inno- vation activities covered by the abovementioned definition. Two such labs are @CityofOdense and @AlpesMaritimes. In some cases, we have found accounts have been redirected (for example: the @UKTIIdeasLab profile is now redirected to @TradeDesignLab —the latter is the one included in the pre- sent study). Another case is the UNHCR policy lab, linked glo- bally to the United Nations but located in the report on a Re- fugee Aid Initiative in Greece (@UNHCRInnovation). This lab has been included in the network analysis study but omitted from the tweet contentanalysis because its worldwide profile means that its message transcends the European level.
While Muslims are mostly ill-treated in media coverage, scholars have also obtained evidence that the diversity and frequency of frames varies according to the editorial line (left or right), the type of newspaper (tabloid or broadsheet) and the territory, at least in the case of countries with sub-state nationalisms. Through critical discourse analysis, Baker et al. (2013a and 2013b) have observed a more balanced coverage in the left- oriented newspapers and a greater tendency to associate Islam and terrorism among the tabloids. Scalvini points out that the conservative press expresses “a preoccupation with the rising cultural and religious diversity,” whereas progressive dailies are “more focused on promoting social cohesion and pursuing the joint goals of inclusion and integration” (2016: 624). Berbers et al. (2016) have documented that quality newspapers and those on the left adopt less problematic frameworks than tabloids and right-wing broadsheets. Focusing on Muslims living in Belgium who went to Syria to fight against Bachar al- Assad in 2013, they have also observed, firstly, that the frames that problematise the Syria fighter situation are used much more frequently than the other frames; secondly, that Flemish newspapers pay more attention to the matter, and, lastly, that they covered it,
Deep learning is a subfield of machine learning that make use of artificial neural networks. Deep learning learns deep representations, this mean multiple levels of abstractions and repre- sentations from data. The different algorithms of deep learning are based on techniques such as Convolutional Neural Network, Recurrent Neural Network Multilayer Perceptron, Au- toencoder, Restricted Boltzmann Machine, Neural Autoregressive Distribution Estimation, Adversarial Networks, Attentional Models and deep reinforcement learning among others. Deep learning has many advantages for recommendations. One of the most interesting prop- erties for this field is that they are end-to-end differentiable and provide adequate inductive biases for the class of data. That is, if in the data it is possible to find some kind of inherent structure, deep neural networks will be adequate for that case. In addition, in the cases of content-based recommendation, deep learning has the advantage that they are composite. This means that multiple neural building blocks can be presented as a unique differentiable function and trained end-to-end.An example of this is that to work with textual data or image data, CNNs and RNNs are a neural building blocks that are practically indispensable.
The data analysis procedures used in the examination of gender representation in Yeni Hitit coursebook series include the contentanalysis of each level with reference to the overall categories of visibility in visuals and written content, ‘firstness’ in dialogues, occupational roles, hobbies and interests and adjectives used. The category of visibility was measured based on the number of female and male characters in the visuals and the written content. In order to find out whether there was a balanced representation of women and men, the researchers manually counted the number of female and male characters in the visuals, male and female names occurring in the written content, number of women and men in written and recorded dialogues, and the number of words uttered by female and male characters in mixed-gender dialogues. The category of ‘firstness’ was explored using the criterion of the relative frequency with which the woman or the man initiated the exchange in mixed-gender conversations. Besides, the manifestation of female and male characters was considered with regard to the quality of descriptive adjectives used, the attribution of domestic, social and professional roles and the representation of both genders in the public and private sphere.
Abstract: The study consists on a qualitative analysis of content ministered by Bioethical discipline on Brazilian Dental Schools. Data collect occurred by semi-structured questioners send by e-mail and correspondence. It was used contentanalysis by categorical analysis technique, according to Bardin. Among 182 Schools, just 57 (31.3%) shows Bioethical Discipline. It was observed that the discipline is ministered on the first or last year of course generally. Principal subjects broached are bioethical dilemma (76.3%) with polemics questions and others actual like abortion, clone, organs transplant, attendance of patient porter of HIV and bioethical historic (65.8%), bioethical fundaments, principles and models (57.9%). 84.4% researched professors, said that bioethical discipline awake interesting on students because it actual and it’s face to patient-professional relation too. It was possible to conclude that bioethical discipline treat in its content some actual and polemic themes that influence dental surgeon formation because promote him conscience and responsibility of him role front attention at oral health, and so, this discipline should be implanted, specifically in the first year of all Dentistry graduation courses.
The aims of this work were to perform a characterization of a commercial cellulose with two different configurations (fiberized /non-fiberized sheet), and to study the effect of steam explosion and two different preservation methods (acetone-washing and freezing). Steam explosion pretreatment was conducted at two different temperatures and reaction times (150-200 ºC, 5-30 min), and the influence of severity factor and cellulose configuration on chemical and physical characteristics was analyzed. Initial characterization of commercial celluloses returned expected values for all studied properties, with high cellulose content (91.9%) and no soluble compounds. Despite compact cellulose configuration needed three consecutives acid hydrolysis for its complete solubilization during cellulose contentanalysis, it showed high X G value at 48h,
Since social media data lends itself to computational analysis, it is beneficial for quantitative contentanalysis. In his literature review, which analyzes 53 journal articles examining the relationship between social media and social movements, Kıyan (2019) describes that almost half of the articles (47%) utilized the quantitative contentanalysis method. Social media data is also useful for qualitative contentanalysis. Scholars have adopted this method for the investigation of a wide array of phenomena. For instance, Bayrakturan et al. (2014) examined the use of Facebook by political parties and leaders in the 2011 Turkish General Elections, Stever and Lawson (2013) analyzed how celebrities use Twitter as a way to communicate with fans, Tremayne (2014) investigated the nature of Twitter messages regarding the Occupy Wall Street protests, and Laestadius et al. (2016) explored how electronic cigarettes are portrayed on Instagram.
This study aimed to analyze financial performance of zakat management organizations. Sample in measurement of internet reporting application is Zakat Management Organization website registered in Directorate General of Taxation Regulation No. PER-15 / PJ / 2012. This research use purposive sampling that can be access the financial report completely. The method of research analysis used is contentanalysis and performance measurement of prime part of financial performance issued by Indonesia Magnificence of Zakat (IMZ) in Indonesia Zakat Development Report (IZDR) 2011. The assessment of financial performance in general is considered quite good.
Connectivist learning is interaction-centered learning. A framework describing interaction and cognitive engagement in connectivist learning was constructed using logical reasoning techniques. The framework and analysis was designed to help researchers and learning designers understand and adapt the characteristics and principles of interaction in connectivist learning contexts. In this study empirical evidence to support and further develop this framework is presented. This study analyzed 6 weeks of data harvested from the daily newsletter, Twitter, and a Facebook group in a well- known cMOOC led by George Siemens and Stephen Downes. These text transcripts were analyzed using a deductive approach of qualitative contentanalysis. This study revealed the main activity patterns of participants as they engage in four levels of interaction (operation interaction, wayfinding interaction, sensemaking interaction, and innovation interaction) during the MOOC. Generally the framework serves as a conceptual model to understand and to analyze the interaction in this cMOOC, although some implied interaction is hard to recognize and categorize. The relationship of the four levels of interaction and the role of each element in the framework were explored with the intent of offering the framework as a conceptual and analytic tool to guide both researchers and practitioners in designing and studying connectivist learning.
This article presents the analysis of the images posted by users on the Boyacá Noticias (Boyacá News) Facebook page, owned by the Governorate of Boyacá in Colombia, during the National Agrarian Strike in August 2013. With this strike, the country experienced one of its most important economic and public order crises in recent years. Looking to understand the value of imagery in the cons- truction of agenda setting in the light of audience participation, we use a contentanalysis approach to analyse user generated Facebook photographs, cartoons, videos, illustrated texts and memes. The study concludes that user generated imagery is able to successfully channel messages, opinions, appraisals and com- plaints. The social claim is served by different mechanisms of framing visually to underline the conflict and the longings of the civil population.
For all the images processed the spatial filter 9x9 was the optimum based on entropy, cluster and histogram criteria. Thresholds for each color were selected based on bimodal histograms. The binary image obtained shows wet (white) and dry (Hair y otros) areas allowing the pattern analysis. All the scaling parameters identified significant differences between both sets of spatial patterns, before and after rain event. While fractal exponents convey information on pattern space filling characteristics, prefractal coefficients represent the investigated soil property. Fractal lacunarity was the best discriminator between apparent soil moisture patterns.
The first time reports of 4C DNA in these spe- cies of Bruguiera classified each in one of the two established groups; one group consisting of B. gymnorrhiza and B. sexangula had ~7 pg to 8 pg of DNA and the other consisting of B. cylindrica and B. parviflora had about twice the DNA content. The average DNA content was highly correlated to average chromosome volume and INV. However, in the eukaryotic system, chromosome volume is not only deter- mined by its DNA, but also by its basic and non basic proteins as well. The highest DNA content found was 17.37 pg in B. cylindri- cal, which had all the types of chromosomes except Type E and the lowest was found in B. sexangula with 7.54 pg, which had two Type E chromosomes but lacked any Type B. The variability in DNA amount has often been attributed to loss or addition of highly repeti- tive DNA sequences rather than to the AT- or GC-rich sequences in the genome (Martel et al. 1997). These highly repetitive DNA sequences reach a certain level and become stabilized during microevolution and gradual selection (Price et al. 1980). Such interspecific variation in DNA amount is not unique to angiosperm species (Laurie and Bennet 1985, Rayburn et al. 1989). B. cylindrical, along with B. par- viflora, has adapted to the comparatively low saline areas in the mangrove community, while B. sexangula and B. gymnorrhiza have adapted to the comparatively high saline zones of man- groves, suggesting species adaptability through chromosomal structural alterations and their resulting changes at the DNA level during the course of evolution.
The availability of abundant data is good news, but the algorithms for statistical, data mining, and machine learning methods, visualization tools, and methods for visual analytics are yet to be developed so as to study these compelling and deep science questions. Several research communities have identified this opportunity, most notably the promoters of web science . Other sources include early efforts at social network analysis that go back almost a century, but only now are the software tools becoming available to do complex analysis and produce meaningful visualizations that show important patterns, clusters, relationships, anomalies, and outliers. A century of research is needed to develop novel mathematical methods and efficient algorithms to handle these new challenges, when data sets include millions and billions of vertices and edges.
No alterations in copper content were found in U18- treated neurons. In relation to the pharmacological model used in this study as well as in the work by Yanagimoto et al. (2009), it is important to consider that U18 has been widely used as an inducer of lipid accumulation in late endosomes/lysosomes; however, in hippocampal primary cultures, this agent is toxic at high concentrations and prolonged incubation times (Cheung et al. 2004). Nevertheless, under the condi- tions used in this study for primary hippocampal neurons (0.1 lg/mL for 2 h) and for the HepG2 cell line (0.5–2 lg/mL for 24 h), we did not observe significant differences in cell viability, and no major morphological changes were observed (data not shown). Due to the intrinsic limitations of this type of pharmacological model, it is necessary to corrob- orate these results with a genetic model or an endogenously-disrupted NPC1 model system.
perspectives. He states critical perspectives open up new questions to the media studies, and consequently give signifi- cant value to what used to be called unscientific critical theory. For instance, frames can give meaning and definition to social concepts and make them coherent (Reese, 2001). They are central ideas, which relate events to make them sig- nificant; and they do so in a format which expresses ideas metaphorically using catchphrases, stereotypes, or symbolic images proficiently (Gamson, 1989). Frames tend to highlight the concept, which needs to be reinforced in the content. Communicators have done this either consciously or unconsciously (Entman, 1993).
Introduction With the passage of time, audiovisual productions are increasingly demanded by the public and these are part of the cultural industry of any country. However, there is a noticeable change in the production of these since currently the topics of interest are very diverse. Objective Analyze the generation of animated content in Ecuador Materials and methods The following article presents a short analysis on audiovisual production from the documentary and systemic review. Results A critical interpellation with this framework of action allows to verify that production is favored to date Discussion The cultural industry replaces everything common for original and innovative facts Conclusions countries undergo rapid cultural changes in the wake of globalization
As we can observe, Ikea encourages the reader to decorate their home in such a way that it is true to their concept of self-identity. According to Abercrombie, contemporary consumption is a struggle between producers and buyers since both groups want to decide on the meaning of commodities. “Producers try to commodify meaning, that is try to make symbols and symbols into things which can be sold and bought. Consumers, on the other hand, try to give their own, new, meanings to the commodities and services they buy” (51). The reader of Idea´s statement might feel encouraged by the furniture manufacturer to take the absolute control over the creation of meaning when it comes to Ikea´s products. This is how the brand gives us an illusion of power, since it is our role to associate certain commodities in our preferred way. On the one hand, we might assume that Ikea once again proves the center- position of the consumer and its altruistic goal of helping us to create our perfect home. On the other, it is crystal clear, Ideas content may prone us to conceptualize Ikea as our perfect home. In other words, the company may let us play with the meaning of its stock offer, but this inspirational, creative game should also lead us to construct the preferred image of the brand.