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Título"The golden rule of divine philosophy" exemplified in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

Título"The golden rule of divine philosophy" exemplified in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

Two of the basic ideas behind the whole project are the concepts of balance and representativeness and they have been also taken into account for the compilation of CEPhiT. Since all the information regarding the principles of compilation applied to the Coruña Corpus and some of its sub-corpora have been already dealt with elsewhere (Moskowich 2004, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011; Crespo and Moskowich, 2008; Moskowich and Parapar 2008; Moskowich and Crespo 2010) they will not be discussed here. As is the general practice for the project we have tried to compile to 10,000 words text files per decade, so that each of the centuries represented in CEPhiT contains approximately 200,000 words. May it suffice to say that CEPhiT shares the structure and mark-up conventions used for the whole project which have proved to be extremely useful and valid for linguistic research since the sampling methods avoid idiosyncrasies and interference due to translation.
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TítuloEighteenth century scientific writing in the Coruña Corpus: English "cultivated by industrious and good hands"

TítuloEighteenth century scientific writing in the Coruña Corpus: English "cultivated by industrious and good hands"

The texts sampled in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing date from a period in which Western Philosophical knowledge and its transmission had already undergone a long and complex process of development. In fact, it is not very long ago that what we have labelled Life Sciences could be considered to have gained a certain level of independence from their origins in “natural philosophy”. This relatively new field, as represented in the Corpus of English Life Sciences Texts, can be seen striving to come of age, and, like a teenager struggling for legitimacy, does so by opposing its parents, in this case mother science. The way in which knowledge is transmitted in Life Sciences can be seen to be radically different from that of Philosophy, at least at certain levels of analysis, one of these being the shift in writing traditions, and particularly the way in which classical languages are used within the discipline. My findings seem to indicate that whereas Philosophy is more traditional and continues to resort to the authorities, as seen in the continued abundance of the names of classical authors, Life Sciences have already moved towards being an object-centred rather than an author-centred discipline, thus abandoning the clichés of Scholasticism and adopting the new observational tech- niques fostered by the Scientific Revolution.
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TítuloStance is present in scientific writing, indeed  Evidence from the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

TítuloStance is present in scientific writing, indeed Evidence from the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

Stance as a pragmatic feature has been discussed widely in recent years, although the analysis of its presence in the scientific register has been more limited. Stance is most clearly seen in the use of adverbs (Quirk et al. 1985; Biber et al. 1999; Huddleston – Pullum 2002), providing a comment on the propositional content of an utterance. Thus, in any speech act the information they transmit involves both participants, which in the case of academic prose are the writer and reader. Biber et al. (1999) have claimed that oral registers exhibit the highest number of stance adverbs and that these are “relatively common” in academic prose (Tseronis 2009). In this paper we try to ascertain the extent to which stance adverbs were used in Late Modern scientific discourse, and whether differences in use can be observed between British and American authors and also across disciplines and genres, taking the orality or written nature of texts as a key feature in the analysis. Data have been drawn from around one hundred and twenty authors, from three sub-corpora of the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing (see also Zea, this volume). Each of these sub-corpora contains extracts of texts from different scientific disciplines written between 1700 and 1900. However, for the present study, only nineteenth-century authors have been selected. The material also allowed us to consider whether the sex of a writer had a bearing on the use of these forms. Ultimately, we have found that the most frequently used stance adverbs are those indicating inclusiveness and expressing either emphasis or tentativeness. Curiously enough, they are more abundant in texts written by North American authors and when we come to sex, male uses exceed by far female ones.
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TítuloPronouns as stance markers in the Coruña Corpus : an analysis of the CETA, CEPhiT and CHET

TítuloPronouns as stance markers in the Coruña Corpus : an analysis of the CETA, CEPhiT and CHET

Abstract: It is now widely accepted that knowledge is negotiated and negotiation implies involvement on the part of both readers and writers. Since there seems to be some connection between involvement and stancetaking (Freeman et al. 2014: 1), it seems reasonable to argue that both of them have some relationship with knowledge negotiation. This paper aims at exploring how authorial presence is manifested in late Modern English scientific writing in the use of first person pronouns as involvement and, therefore, stance makers. The influence of variables such as subject- matter and sex will be analysed in order to ascertain to what extent they make that such linguistic feature is more or less frequently used by authors. In order to ascertain how different disciplinary discourse communities behave, texts from three different scientific fields written both by men and women will be scrutinised. The samples are the ones contained in the Corpus of English Texts on Astronomy (CETA), the Corpus of English Philosophy Texts (CEPhiT), and the Corpus of History English Texts (CHET), all of them subcorpora of the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing.
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18th century scientific writing: A study of make complex predicates in the Coruña Corpus

18th century scientific writing: A study of make complex predicates in the Coruña Corpus

Complex predicates formed by the verb make plus a noun are suitable for being studied historically with very interesting results, as it was observed in previous literature. However, our interest lies in tracing, comparing and understanding what may be the variation of these constructions in scientific writing, and in their different chronological layers, analysing different scientific disciplines included in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing (CC hereafter). As this proves to be a long-term objective, the aim of this paper is to study the use of complex predicates in only one of these disciplines. To this end, some texts included in the 18 th century Life Sciences discipline of the CC have been analy- sed. Linguistic and extralinguistic information has been taken into account. Finally, the use of complex predicates and related verbs made by the scientists in question has been compared.
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TítuloAt close range: prefaces and other text types in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

TítuloAt close range: prefaces and other text types in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

span covered by the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing (henceforth CC). All samples will be extracted from different sub-corpora of CC, namely, CETA (Corpus of English Texts on Astronomy) (Moskowich et al, 2012), CEPhiT (Corpus of English Philosophy Text, forthcoming), CELiST (Corpus of English Life Sciences Texts) and CHET (Corpus of History English Texts). Given that women writers in this period mainly devoted themselves to the creation of fictional works, the number of samples written by female authors in these corpora is not very high but it reflects eighteenth- and nineteenth-century scientific reality accurately. Since we will be working with samples from different corpora devoted each to a particular scientific discipline, we will use this as one of the variables in the analysis. Disciplinary conventions might exert an influence on how the author communicates science. The second variable will be time. To this respect we will present and compare our results per century, considering that, as could be expected, the findings will point to an evolution towards detachment, mainly in texts. Finally, the text-type or genre to which the text belongs, that is, generic conventions, could also determine the final writing.
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TítuloWriting Science, Compiling Science: The Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

TítuloWriting Science, Compiling Science: The Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing

The Coruña Corpus: A Collection of Samples for the Historical Study of English Scientific Writing is a project on which the MUSTE Group has been working since 2003 in the University of A Coruña (Spain). It has been designed as a tool for the study of language change in English scientific writing in general as well as within the different scientific disciplines. Its purpose is to facilitate investigation at all linguistic levels, though, in principle, phonology is not included among our intended research topics. A rough definition of our corpus would say it contains English scientific texts other than medical produced between 1600 and 1900. In order to retrieve information from the compiled data, we decided to create a corpus management tool. Loosely speaking the Coruña Corpus Tool (CCT) is an Information Retrieval (IR) system where the indexed textual repository is the set of compiled documents that constitutes the CC.
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TítuloLinking ideas in women's writing: evidence from the Coruña Corpus

TítuloLinking ideas in women's writing: evidence from the Coruña Corpus

Abstract: This paper provides an overview of some rhetorical devices found in scientific works by late Modern English women. We will focus on apparently marginal linguistic elements as devices fundamental for the expression of logical reasoning in different disciplines. We have based our study on four subcorpora in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing, so that the behaviour and distribution of rhetorical devices will be studied at a microscopic level and attending not only to how they appear in each discipline, but also taking into consideration elements such as time and genre. Our conclusions are limited but we observe the effort women made at a moment when their role in society was not related to knowledge. In general there is an overall increase in the frequency of features typical of an abstract style as well as an increase of conjuncts and adverbial subordinators as linking devices.
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TítuloA multidimensional analysis of late Modern Englis scientific texts from the "Coruña Corpus"

TítuloA multidimensional analysis of late Modern Englis scientific texts from the "Coruña Corpus"

As we have seen earlier, specialised diachronic corpora permit to look at the evolution of a particular register along a given period of time. Such is the case of the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing (hereafter Coruña Corpus), an electronic corpus which is currently being compiled by the members of the Research Group in Multidimensional Studies in English (MuStE) 15 at the University of A Coruña (Spain) and which provided the materials for this piece of research. The Coruña Corpus is part of the on-going research project Coruña Corpus: A Collection of Samples for the Historical Study of English Scientific Writing, conceived for the diachronic study of variation and change in late Modern scientific English. The corpus covers a period of two hundred years (1700-1900) and consists, to date, of four subcorpora which contain samples from texts on Astronomy, Philosophy, Life Sciences and History (while other subcorpora, dealing with texts on Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics and Linguistics, are currently under compilation). Each subcorpus has a total of twenty texts per century 16 , and therefore two texts per decade, while each text sample is ca. 10,000 words long, excluding figures, graphs, tables, formulae and punctuation marks, as well as quotations containing text reproduced literally from other sources, or fragments written in languages other than English. On the other hand, the corpus contains samples of both male and female authors who were educated in different English-speaking regions (England, Scotland, Ireland, the US and Canada) and who used different genres (e.g. treatises, essays, textbooks…) in their writings. However, in order to avoid stylistic idiosyncrasies, only one work per author was selected. The reasons behind the principles followed in the compilation of the Coruña Corpus, including representativeness and balance, corpus size and time span, as well as the selection of authors for the different scientific disciplines, are dealt with extensively in Moskowich & Crespo (2007), Moskowich & Parapar (2008), Lareo (2009), and
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TítuloThe Coruña Corpus Tool: Ten years on

TítuloThe Coruña Corpus Tool: Ten years on

Abstract: In this paper we provide a brief introduction to a new version of the Coruña Corpus Tool. Currently available for Windows, macOS and Linux, the Coruña Corpus Tool is a corpus management tool that facilitates the retrieval of information from an indexed textual repository. Although it works like most con- cordance programs, its distinguishing feature is that it allows users to search for old or non-standard characters and tags in texts and metadata files, as well as to extract and export specific d ata f or t he p urposes o f r esearch. W ith a n ew s et o f advanced search features and other recent improvements, researchers now have access to func- tionalities that significantly e nhance t he p revious u ser experience.
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Título“Arguments That Could Possibly Be Urged”: Modal Verbs and Tentativeness in the Coruña Corpus

Título“Arguments That Could Possibly Be Urged”: Modal Verbs and Tentativeness in the Coruña Corpus

Abstract: This paper complements previous research into the late Modern English scientific writing uses of the adverbs possibly and perhaps as manifestations of either subjectivity or intersubjectivity, as presented in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing. In order to have a better understanding of the uses of these adverbs as markers of tentativeness, we will explore their syntagmatic relations with modal verbs. It is widely assumed that scientific discourse has an objective nature, although it has been questioned by its use of hedging and other expressions of stance. In the present study, we will assess how modal verbs accompanying these stance adverbs modulate the expression of tentativeness. The use of stance adverbs shows authorial presence and a covert interaction with the reader. The paper examines different degrees of hesitancy depending on the type of modal verb accompanying these adverbs. The analysis has been carried out on four subcorpora of the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing. Our findings will be presented from a more general to a more detailed account for each of the forms under investigation and interpreted taking into account the variables ‘date of publication’ and ‘genre’ for the text, and ‘sex’ for the author.
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TítuloA Corpus of History Texts (CHET) as part of the Coruña Corpus Project

TítuloA Corpus of History Texts (CHET) as part of the Coruña Corpus Project

Like in the case of the previous releases [CETA, 2012; CE- PhiT, in press] the intention behind the creation of the Corpus of Historical English Texts (CHET) has been to allow the scholarly community to conduct research into the historical underpinnings of English for Specific Purposes. This interest was reinforced by a gradual increase in the number of studies on genre conventions and special languages from the final decade of the 20 th century. In line with the principles established by corpora experts we have at- tempted to adhere to those of balance, representativeness, stratified sampling methods and delimitation of period covered under the guidance of extra-linguistic facts. Pilot studies with astronomy and philosophy texts have proved to be useful to describe the character- istics of academic writing and disciplinary conventions. We hope this new sub-corpus will be a step forward in pursuing this goal.
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TítuloNoun formation in the scientific register of late modern english : a corpus based approach

TítuloNoun formation in the scientific register of late modern english : a corpus based approach

Thus, the time span selected follows unambiguous motives. In general, the late Modern English period is characterised by antagonistic tendencies regarding language. A movement that purported the customary use of Latin in scientific texts coexisted with another that suggested that disseminating knowledge in the vernacular would undoubtedly reach a wider audience. Also, to make matters worse a third movement intended to create a universal scientific language from scratch. Though the date for the vernacularisation of science has been set as early as 1375 (Taavitsainen & Pahta 2004), it is nonetheless certain that we cannot talk about an outburst of texts written in English until the turn of the seventeenth century, with a consolidation in the eighteenth, since even the most important promoters of the scientific revolution published their works in Latin in the first place (Bacon’s Novum Organum, Newton’s Principia). In sum, the eighteenth century seems, therefore, a fairly reasonable moment in the history of the English language to begin an approach to the morphological devices employed in the period to coin new linguistic elements. We must bear in mind, however, that changes happening in the eighteenth century are not likely to be largely observed until the following century, especially those closer to the turn of the century. Future studies using the nineteenth century section of the Coruña Corpus will definitely address this issue.
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TítuloA Coruña: plaza fuerte, Castillo de San Antón y bahía

TítuloA Coruña: plaza fuerte, Castillo de San Antón y bahía

La precisión de la imagen de la plaza fuerte amurallada, ha convertido esta pintura en todo un documento de identificación urbana, insustituible para el conocimiento de la ciudad con anterioridad a la invención de la fotografía. A Coruña cuenta con varias vistas históricas, que responden al interés paisajístico que siempre suscitó su perfil de ciudad en colina amurallada. Desde la vista de la plaza realizada por el ingeniero real Juan Santans y Tapia en 1639, usando el sistema de planta abatida, hasta el perfil marítimo de la plaza, similar a este de Mariano Sánchez, levantado por el pintor italiano Pier María Baldi en 1668, durante la peregrinación que realizó a Santiago de Compostela Cosme de Médicis, reproduciendo una imagen de la ciudad tan perfecta, que hace sospechar del uso en el siglo XVII de algún instrumento óptico, dada la gran distancia desde la que fue realizada.
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TítuloClassic molecular compounds and emergent organic inorganic hybrid perovskites with (multi) functional properties and (multi)stimuli responsiveness

TítuloClassic molecular compounds and emergent organic inorganic hybrid perovskites with (multi) functional properties and (multi)stimuli responsiveness

En primer lugar, me gustaría agradecer especialmente a mis directores, la Dra. María Antonia Señarís Rodríguez y el Dr. Manuel Sánchez Andújar, así como a la Dra. Socorro Castro García, investigadores del grupo de “Química Molecular y Materiales (QuiMolMat)” perteneciente a la Universidade da Coruña (UDC) y al Centro de Investigacións Científicas Avanzadas (CICA). Desde el primer momento, me habéis facilitado todas las herramientas a vuestro alcance para formarme como investigador, y vuestra enorme dedicación ha supuesto para mí una fuente de motivación e inspiración continua, por lo que no tengo más que palabras de agradecimiento por haber tenido la fortuna de contar con vuestro apoyo en esta etapa de mi carrera.
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Canon y corpus literario latinoamericano y caribeño. Una metodología de construcción del corpus

Canon y corpus literario latinoamericano y caribeño. Una metodología de construcción del corpus

Efectuada esta delimitación terminológica, se procedió a la realización de un corpus literario latinoamericano y caribeño (CLLyC) que representara a los sistemas literarios mencionados. El CLLyC se desarrolla en función de dilucidar la relación entre literatura latinoamericana y caribeña e industria editorial en digital. Es decir, una zona de investigación a partir del análisis de la transposición a los distintos formatos en digital de estos títulos “no nativos digitales” (no producidos especialmente por medios digitales) (Strickland, 2009), tomando como muestra el segmento latinoamericano del canon realizado por Harold Bloom (1995) y ampliado en un corpus de segmentos de autores y títulos provistos por aquellas corrientes teóricas distantes y en tensión con el mainstream literario.
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TítuloEmpresa y guerra: las estrategias empresariales en Galicia durante la Guerra Civil (1936 1939)

TítuloEmpresa y guerra: las estrategias empresariales en Galicia durante la Guerra Civil (1936 1939)

  Aunque   en   sus   orígenes   íntimamente   ligada   a   la   elaboración   de   latas   y   litografías  para  el  sector  conservero,  la  industria  metalgráfica  de  A  Coruña  y  Vigo   destacó  durante  la  contienda  por  su  rápida  reconversión  hacia  la  industria  bélica  y   la   fabricación   de   armamento.   En   este   sentido,   fue   el   primer   sector   de   los   contemplados  que  transformó  sus  instalaciones  para  una  producción  a  la  que  no   estaba  acostumbrado:  la  fabricación  de  granadas.  De  esta  forma,  su  crecimiento  a   lo   largo   de   la   Guerra   Civil   provino   de   dos   fuentes:   la   demanda   del   sector   conservero,   que   siguió   produciendo   latas   para   el   frente;   y   la   demanda   armamentística  directa  representada  en  los  pedidos  de  munición  por  parte  de  la   Intendencia  Militar.  Hay  que  decir  que  esta  transformación  de  talleres  litográficos   en  fábrica  de  municiones  no  resultó  gratuita,  de  forma  que  finalizada  la  contienda   el   uso   intensivo   de   una   maquinaria   no   creada   inicialmente   para   tal   uso   acabó   provocando   un   desgaste   y   una   depreciación   para   la   que   la   posguerra   no   vino   especialmente   bien.   Así,   la   falta   de   repuestos,   suministros   o   simplemente   nueva   maquinaria  que  supliera  a  la  anterior  se  convirtió  en  un  problema  endógeno  para   el   sector   metalgráfico,   que   vio   como   a   las   carestías   propias   de   la   autarquía   ya   comentadas   para   otros   sectores:   problemas   en   el   suministro   eléctrico,   elevado   precio   de   los   combustibles,   etc   se   sumaba   una   imposibilidad   manifiesta   para   sustituir   las   piezas   de   la   maquinaria   destrozadas   por   la   fabricación   de   granadas.   Junto   con   el   sector   naval   y   de   construcción   mecánica   –   que   se   analizará   en   el   capítulo  nueve  –  el  sector  metalgráfico  gallego  se  caracterizó  por  su  versatilidad  a   la   hora   de   su   transformación   de   productor   de   latas   de   conserva   a   productor   de   armas,   siendo   en   este   sentido   un   ejemplo   del   uso   de   las   instalaciones   fabriles   civiles  para  fines  bélicos  por  parte  del  Gobierno  de  Burgos.  
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Análisis y descripción de las siglas en el discurso especializado de genoma humano y medio ambiente

Análisis y descripción de las siglas en el discurso especializado de genoma humano y medio ambiente

El presente capítulo tiene por objetivo el análisis de las características de las siglas desde el punto de vista lingüístico. Para ello hemos tomado de los corpus de GH y MA una muestra de las siglas más frecuentes hasta un máximo de diez por cada tipo de sigla. Los tipos que hemos tenido en cuenta son los que presentamos en el capítulo 2. No es nuestra pretensión con este capítulo realizar un análisis lingüístico profundo y detallado de nuestro objeto de estudio, dado que ya ha sido suficientemente tratado en trabajos previos. Nuestro propósito se orienta más bien hacia la utilización de cada uno de los elementos del análisis lingüístico como medio para la búsqueda de pistas que enriquezcan el conjunto de reglas de formación y patrones de detección de las siglas a tener en cuenta en un sistema de identificación semiautomático de siglas. Partiendo de esta precisión inicial, se ha procedido al estudio de los rasgos de las siglas desde el punto de vista fonético, morfológico, sintáctico y semántico. En concreto, consideramos que los aspectos morfológicos y sintácticos, al ser formales, pueden aportar pistas para el establecimiento de patrones de detección semiautomática de siglas.
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TítuloCatedral de La Coruña

TítuloCatedral de La Coruña

Con este estudio de la situación eclesiástica actual pretendo justificar la posibilidad real de creación de una nueva diócesis con sede en la ciudad de la Coruña y la construcción de una nueva catedral que simbolizase con su presencia el nuevo rango de la ciudad elevada a categoría de diócesis. Los datos nos hablan en primer lugar de que esta posibilidad es real. Recientemente se han creado nuevas diócesis como desmembración de otras más extensas como son los casos de la diócesis de Getafe y de Alcalá de Henares, creadas ambas a partir de la de Madrid-Alcalá, o la de Barbastro Monzón creada a partir de la de Huesca. Estas nuevas diócesis se han creado por la necesidad de atender de una manera más cercana, intensa y directa a todos los miembros de la iglesia, ya sean sacerdotes, religiosos o fieles. Si observamos el gráfico de crecimiento de población de Getafe y de La Coruña observamos que la tendencia es similar. Si en Getafe se vio en su día la necesidad de crear una nueva diócesis, entiendo que en La Coruña se pueda dar, no necesariamente ahora, sino en un futuro, puesto que la tendencia es similar.
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ECPC: Una mirada al discurso parlamentario europeo desde  los estudios traductológicos de corpus

ECPC: Una mirada al discurso parlamentario europeo desde los estudios traductológicos de corpus

Antes de pasar a describir en qué consiste el Archivo ECPC, creemos conveniente detenernos brevemente en la definición de corpus que proponen Bowker y Pearson (2002: 9). Según estas autoras, un corpus «can be described as a large collection of authentic texts that have been gathered in electronic form according to a specific set of criteria». No obstante, un año más tarde Bowker (2003: 170) va más allá e introduce el término Archivo para referirse al conjunto de «different type of corpora [which] can be extracted depending on the nature of the study being undertaken at any time». Así pues, basándonos en estas dos definiciones, podemos decir, a grandes rasgos, que ECPC es un Archivo de discursos parlamentarios compuesto por diferentes corpus parciales recopilados en formato electrónico atendiendo a diferentes criterios. A continuación, se muestran los diferentes corpus que componen el Archivo ECPC:
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