... linear **demand** model with an intercept and one coefficient corresponding to ...learning, **demand** estimation is passive in that it only observes prices or availabilities and cannot directly influence ...

... 13-period **demand** data need to be ...fewer **demand** data periods. However, in an intermittent **demand** context, the number of **demand** data periods will invariably be greater than the number of ...

... over-proportional **demand** effect of insurance with the effects more pronounced in the lowest income ...of **demand**, a finding that is consistent with empirical evidence elsewhere ...a **demand**-side ...

... over-proportional **demand** effect of insurance with the effects more pronounced in the lowest income ...of **demand**, a finding that is consistent with empirical evidence elsewhere ...a **demand**-side ...

... A desktop extrapolation, to determine the sustain ability of current extraction rates, was made using pub lished data from Adams et al. (2005). They reported that the density o f trees greater than one metre high in ...

... -4- Therefore, some attempt should be made to transform the censored data into more accurate **estimates** of actual historical **demand**. Various methods exist that take the observations that have been ...

... The above procedure **estimates** the feed consumption rate, excluding intake through grazing, for any livestock category. Direct estimation of feed intake through grazing is information-intensive and is difficult. ...

... While the estimated own-price elasticities for clothing and footwear, durables, transport equipment and the residual categories of expenditure are reasonably close given that LES own-pri[r] ...

... the **estimates** from the within-market ...1 **estimates** do not instrument for the out-of-pocket price, the **estimates** are downward biased, as ...These **estimates** are interesting since the dependent ...

... inventory. **Estimates** of emissions, and particularly reductions in emissions owing to improved transportation system components for future transportation system scenarios, will depend on application of the same ...

... calculated using its various causes; the indices are then multiplied by a scaling factor to convert the indices into actual underground economy figures. The scaling factor is usually derived from other studies or methods ...

... These are: Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco Clothing, Footwear and Personal Equipment Fuel and Power Durable Household Goods Transport Equipment Other Goo[r] ...

... Standard stochastic growth models provide theoretical restrictions on output decomposition which can be used to investigate whether produc- tivity shocks played a major role in observed business cycles. Applying these ...

... (2010) has used for his estimates and we construct a new time series of GDP per capita for England over the period 1250-1850 using an alternative (indirect) method: the demand side appr[r] ...

... published **estimates** of elasticities of **demand** suffer from two ...of **estimates** of elasticities of **demand** are based on time-series data that lump FAFH with FAH ...present **estimates** of ...

... This paper explains non-mortgage borrowing by U.S. households with **demand**-side factors, viz. disposable income, wealth and interest rate. The life cycle hypothesis and a standard two period consumption model are ...

... Binswanger (1974a) lists why cost functions are more popular than production functions for estimation purposes. First, as a consequence of optimising behaviour, cost functions exhibit homogeneity of degree one in prices, ...

... 1. **Demand**-Supply gap of electricity (MWH) (Source: Author’s calculations) The issue arises from the above analysis is that if supply is more than **demand** then why there are electricity shortages / crises in ...

... This paper uses the extreme bounds analysis (EBA) of Leamer (1983 &1985) to analyze the robust determinants of the **demand** for money in a panel of 17 Asian countries for the period 1970 to 2009. These robust ...

... currency **demand** approach in estimating the size of underground economy by integrating this most widely used approach into a dynamic general equilibrium ...money **demand** function to estimate the size of ...