Appropriate randomized multicenter clinical trials are going to be essential to establish more solid evidence- based guidelines for the pharmacological management of POPH, especially in the potential candidates for OLT af- ter achieving the appropriate clinical, functional, and he- modynamics goals. One way to gain more knowledge re- garding the response to novel therapies in POPH patients could be to include this population in future random- ized, clinical trials, that have as a primary end-point the efficacy and safety of new molecules, such as oral endot- helin receptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, intravenous and inhaled prostanoids or even combined synergistic therapy. 76 Also, recent animal and human ex-
He is Director ofthe McLuhan Program in Culture & Technology and Professor in the Department of French at the University of Toronto. He received his Ph.D. in French Language and Literature from the University of Toronto in 1975 and a Doctorat du 3e cycle in Sociology ofArt from the University of Tours (France) in 1979. Derrick de Kerckhove has offered connected intelligence workshops worldwide, and now offers this innovative approach to business, government and academe to help small groups to think together in a disciplined and effective way while using digital technologies. In the same line, he has contributed to the architecture of Hy- persession, a collaborative software now being developed by Emitting Media and used for various educational situations. As a consultant in media, cultural interests and related policies, Derrick de Kerckhove has participated in the preparation and brainstorming sessions for the plans for: the Ontario Pavilion at Expo ‘92 in Seville, the Canada in Space exhibit, and the Toronto Broadcast Centre for the CBC.
Existing historiography related to the nineteenth century includes works on varied to- pics, protagonists, and areas. Another characteristic is that many ofthe new historiogra- phical perspectives applied to Chile and its components are published in multi-author volumes. Collective books, which often introduce a vision or an object of study, quickly become necessary references. They illustrate an original or overlooked aspect addressed in more than a single period. There are studies of Chilean culture in its most diverse ex- pressions and angles; the history ofart and painting (though usually too closely linked to perspectives from art academia); social and urban history, for instance ofthe history of Santiago and few other cities (an angle that still offers multiple possibilities); regio- nal and local history, especially of distant areas; the relationship between Chilean fiction and the formation of nationality; the basic facts and topics related to railroads; the evo- lution of elections, including presidential elections, forgotten for decades and now in- terpreted in more or less well-sustained but rather “naive” approaches; national identity, uncovering an increasingly wide array of situations and manifestations that express and highlight heterogeneity; relations with Argentina (though still in a preliminary situation that has yet to address the transcendence ofthe matter); infancy and other life stages, showing that not only the actions of adult, male, urban, public heroes make history and that statesmen had lives and conditions before and after their public presence; historio- graphy and other epistemologies (also in a very incipient state, as if it were impossible to deal with knowledge and its expressions in Chile); ecology and natural sciences, a clear expression that “all history is contemporary history”; censuses and statistics; cartography; the evolution of bureaucracy, as well as the instruments and mechanisms that bolstered public administration (these studies are provocative but scarce, given the breadth ofthe matter); the justice system, usually through a few emblematic cases rather than through a comprehensive vision that could explain its deplorable conduct (roo- ted in the marginalization of royalists by patriots in 1810) during the dictatorship; the Church in society, beyond its institutions and key public figures, relevant actions or the earthy manifestations of God; wars against Peru and Bolivia now in a less chauvinistic and more comprehensive social and political context; and “nature,” that is, of society’s relationship with it, in Chile.
16. Of course God as Prime Mover is at the center ofthe discussion in Book Lambda ofthe Metaphysics. Whether or not being has been forgotten, it may perhaps be said that we have forgotten how to read with ﬁ tting astonishment such passages as this: “On such a principle, then, depend the heavens and the world of nature. And it is a life such as the best which we enjoy, and enjoy for but a short time (for it is ever in this state, which we cannot be), since its actuality is also pleasure. (And for this reason are waking, perception and thinking most pleasant, and hopes and memories are so on account of these). And thinking in itself deal with that which is best in itself, and that which is thinking in the fullest sense with that which is best in the fullest sense. And thought thinks on itself because it shares the nature ofthe object of thought; for it becomes an object of thought in coming into contact with and thinking its objects, so that thought and object of thought are the same. For that which is capable of receiving the object of thought, i.e. the essence, is thought. But it is active when it possesses this object. Therefore the possession rather than the receptivity is the divine element which thought seems to contain, and the act of contemplation is what is most pleasant and best. If, then, God is always in that good state in which we sometimes are, this compels our wonder; and if in a better this compels it yet more. And God is in a better state. And life also belongs to God; for the actuality of thought is life, and God is that actuality; and God’s self-dependent actuality is life most good and eternal. We say therefore that God is a living being, eternal, most good, so that life and duration continuous and eternal belong to God, for this is God”. Metaphysics, Lambda 7, 1072b13-30; cf. St. Thomas, 8. All the elements of a treatise on the divine names are present here.
As an originally electric and later digital technology, the photocopier had a number of technical and functional characteristics that made it unique to be contravened for a creative use, standing out for its specific concepts such as immediacy, instantaneity, noise or repetition instead of a singular copy. It emphasised the value ofthe copy instead ofthe original, the multiplicity, fragmentation, degeneration, remix, collage, and in which dissemination and archival value prevailed, as a reflection ofthe exchange of an artistic network that already predicted the Internet. That is why that particular moment was a witness to the germination of a prolific artistic production that lasted for more than thirty years, developed in different geographical contexts but joined under the interest of artistic exchange. From the material-physical-object, this new production implied creative parameters that connect with the general ones of Media Art, becoming part ofthe conceptual, aesthetic and discursive bases ofthe current creation. However and in relation to other technologies which reached the market with similar military and domestic objectives during the same decade, such as the Personal Computer IBM System / 360 (1964) or Sony DV-2400 (1967) Portapak video camera, and were developed parallel to the artistic creations carried out by their use giving rise to what has been known as one ofthe roosts of Media Art from the contemporary historiography, the artistic practices generated by the use ofthe photocopy machine are still today relegated to oblivion or invisibility. Even without the historical context that support them, despite being a clear reflection ofthe proposals set forth by the second avant-gardes and the reflections presented by the different theoreticians and philosophers ofthe moment. They did not receive the value deserved for their important influence on the avant-garde movements ofthe second half ofthe twentieth century and on the foundation of current art.
tion first and active stimulation second (the off– on group) (P=0.06 for the period effect). The GAF score (in which higher scores indicate higher lev- els of functioning) was significantly higher after active stimulation than after sham stimulation (mean score at theendof active stimulation, 56±14 vs. 43±8; P = 0.005). The CGI score (in which lower scores indicate lesser severity of disease) was sig- nificantly lower at theendof active stimulation than at theendof sham stimulation (P = 0.008), with more improvement during active stimulation observed in the on–off group than in the off–on group (P = 0.03 for the period effect). Scores on MADRS, the Brief Scale for Anxiety, neuropsycho- logical ratings, and the Sheehan Disability Scale at theendof active stimulation did not differ signifi- cantly from the scores at theendof sham stimu- lation. At theendofthe first phase (i.e., 3 months after randomization), six of eight patients (75%) had a response as measured by the Y-BOCS score and eight of eight (100%) had a response as mea- sured by the GAF after active stimulation, as com- pared with three of eight (38%) as measured by both Y-BOCS and GAF after sham stimulation (Fig. 3B). In addition, five of eight patients (62%) had an increase in the GAF score to 51 after active stim- ulation as compared with one of eight (12%) after sham stimulation (Fig. 3B).
The setting in which delirium and agitation are man- aged deserves consideration. Ensuring safety is critical. Spe- cialized training and constant observation may be required— eg, to prevent falls or to keep oxygen cannulas in place. It is often not possible for delirious patients to be safely man- aged by families at home. The physician may advise and re- assure the family that the best and safest care may be pro- vided in a dignified and respectful manner in an appropriate institutional setting. Once this is done, family members be- come more able to provide the love, comfort, and support that is so essential during the dying process.
Morley remarked: «Telesis has found means of expressing in easily understood visual terms what the layman should know about environment planning, so that he may be able to follow intelligently what the professionals are prepared and able to do to assure him a better way of living». Due to the interchangeable nature ofthe subject and object of Telesis’s research, the exhibition far exceeded Grace Morley’s aim to both reach and learn from the average citizen. Space for Living altered the very nature of traditional museum displays. Rather than resort to conventional forms of exhibiting architecture, assert trends or produce fashion images to appeal visitors, the show inquired into complex issues to encourage public debates (Wright 87), questioning, for instance, about how good environ- mental decisions can improve people’s lives. However, notwithstanding their focus on the message, the exhibit resulted in a display of major visual interest due
9.3 Electric-Resistance-Welded Pipe- A test specimen at least 4 in. [100 mm] in length shall be flattened cold between parallel plates in three steps, with the weld located either O º or 90 º from the line of direction of force as required in 9.3.1 or 9.3.2, whichever is applicable. During the :first step, which is a test for ductility ofthe weld, no cracks or breaks on the inside or outside surfaces at the weld shall occur until the distance between the plates is less than two thirds ofthe specified diameter ofthe pipe. As a second step, the flattening shall be continued as a test for ductility away from the weld. During the second step, no cracks or breaks on the inside or outside surfaces away from the weld, except as provided for in 9.7, shall occur until the distance between the plates is less than one third ofthe specifi.ed outside diameter ofthe pipe but is not less than :ti.ve times the wall thickness ofthe pipe. During the third step, which is a test for soundness, the flattening shall be continued until the test specirnen breaks or the opposite walls ofthe pipe meet. Evidence oflaminated or unsound material or of incomplete weld that is revealed by the flattening test shall be cause for rejection.
There are many activities that coworking spaces offer such as thematic trainings, individual or collective coaching, knowledge sharing, presentations, exhibitions, networking events, etc. with the exception of food services. In Figure 11 we show these different activities provision in our sample. As we can see, 92% ofthe coworking spaces offer events and/or workshops to their users and 60% offer training sessions. The remaining services such as seminars (30%), videoconferencing (35%), library (22%) or parking (12%) are not as usual. At the moment, digital and electric fabrication equipment are not usual elements in coworking spaces. Desks and tables are the most typical equipment (94.1% of all coworking spaces). The other reported material is being used in a collaborative space called Fab Lab , characterized for their specificity.
At theendofthe second year of monitoring, 100 plants were harvested and their roots were studied. Table 2 summarises the analysis ofthe roots of 50 Q. ilex subsp. ballota seedlings which showed the greatest abundance of S. brunnea ascomata. Mycorrhization percentages were low, with an average of 11 % ofthe tips mycorrhized by S. brunnea. Moreover, it was observed that in 12 plants, S. brunnea ascomata had formed when only 1% or 2% ofthe root tips had been colonised. S. brunnea mycorrizas only occurred in plants with S. brunnea ascomata (see Tables 2 and 3). It can also be seen that S. brunnea mycorrhizas are persistent over time. Thus 15 plants which had ascomata in June 1996 retained their mycorrhizas for another 2 years, until harvesting in June 1998.
Note that (1) takes into account that, in a multihop network, a correct bit transmission from node 𝑖 to node 𝑗 (with 𝑗 ≥ 𝑖 + 2 ) is equivalent to an even number of wrong single-hop bit transmissions (bit value changes) between nodes 𝑖 and 𝑗 . Following the same reasoning, a wrong bit transmission from node 𝑖 to node 𝑗 is equivalent to an odd number of wrong single-hop bit transmission between both nodes. If Average Symbol Error Rate (ASER) was to be analyzed and high- order modulation schemes were to be used, there would be multiple combinations of flawed retransmissions that would provide error-free symbol transmissions. As a consequence, although the analysis oftheend-to-end ABER based on either single-hop ABER or single-hop ASER are equivalent, from an analytical point of view, the former approach is considerably simpler than the latter.
Introduction: Currently in physical education performance speeches predominate to people who will work as professionals in the school environment and, therefore, should be oriented to participation. This fact makes that there is an identity crisis in PE teachers, which are oriented to be coaches instead of educators. Aim: Show the development of a physical education activity around contemporary art and analyze whether the realization of this activity influences the initial conception that students have about the teaching identity ofthe physical education teacher. Methods: The activity was carried out with 89 teaching students from three different universities. To analyze the activity in each ofthe universities, a qualitative methodology is used through questionnaires of open questions, focus groups and photoelicitation. Results: The results obtained in the work show how the realization ofthe activity favors the students to change some ofthe conceptions they had initially in relation to the purpose ofthe PE and their identity as teachers. Discussion &Conclusions: The innovation represented by learning about art in the field of PE requires opening future lines of research with a greater number of activities focused on demonstrating the potential of this methodology. In addition, this study shows the need for the university institution to take a self-critical look at physical education training.
It is important for a source to select an efficient forwarding node to conserve the energy and minimize the delay. Therefore, on acquiring the data, the source node checks the local routing table for the selection of next hop. The routing table holds neighbor ID, hop count and distance from transmitting node to destination. The forwarding node is selected using path selection criteria where hop count and distance are compared among all the entries stored in the table for the purpose of packet transmission. Upon, selection of forwarding node, source node adds a header containing sink address, selected forwarding node ID, source address/ID, timestamp, hop count and distance. The forwarding node ID is defined for a neighbor to recognize that the packet is meant for it and to avoid other neighboring nodes to transmit it to the sink. As a result, it diminishes the possibility of receiving multiple copies ofthe same packet. After attaching the header to the data packet, the data is transmitted. Upon reception of packet, the receiving node (selected node) sends an acknowledgement packet to source. This process repeats at each node until the packet reaches the sink node. However, the scope of acknowledgement is limited to hop to hop. If a route failure is detected (i.e., no acknowledgement is received by sending node) the algorithm selects an alternate path to transmit the data based on the routing table information stored in it, repeating the process from the path selection phase.
The socio-philosophical discourse ofthe beginning ofthe 20th century contrasts the Russian and European skills: “No one was busy with the fact (and I did not read a single article in the magazines - nor in the newspapers, either) that there is not a single drug store in Russia, i.e. constructed and traded by a Russian man — that we don’t know how to extract iodine from sea herbs, and our mustard plaster is “French”, because the Russian people do not even know how to spread the diluted mustard on paper with fixing its “strength”, “spirit”. What can we do?” / «Никто не занялся тем (и я не читал в журналах ни одной статьи – и в газетах тоже ни одной статьи), что в России нет ни одного аптекарского магазина, т.е. сделанного и торгуемого русским человеком, – что мы не умеем из морских трав извлекать иоду, а горчишники у нас «французские», потому что русские всечеловеки не умеют даже намазать горчицы разведенной на бумаге с закреплением ее «крепости», «духа». Что же мы умеем?» .
For an example of how these strategies can be put to work, consider the case of a chief operating offi- cer of a large retail bank, whom we will call Tom Smith. Although he was new to his job, Smith ar- dently wanted to persuade the senior management team that the company was in serious trouble. He believed that the bank’s overhead was excessive and would jeopardize its position as the industry entered a more competitive era. Most of his col- leagues, however, did not see the potential serious- ness ofthe situation. Because the bank had been enormously successful in recent years, they be- lieved changes in the industry posed little danger. In addition to being newly appointed, Smith had another problem: his career had been in financial services, and he was considered an outsider in the world of retail banking. Thus he had few personal connections to draw on as he made his case, nor was he perceived to be particularly knowledgeable about marketplace exigencies.
Figure 5.14 shows the performance results for switches without VOQs. In both network configurations, the network behavior ofthe evaluated configurations is similar regardless ofthe network size. As can be seen, both UGAL-DLA-4 and VAL-DLA-4 achieve a performance near zero. In this scenario, VAL spreads through all the paths ofthe network the congested packets addressed to the hotspot end node, blocking them. UGAL, once the VCs are full of congested packets, behaves similarly to VAL; thus the same problem arises. Hence, the queuing schemes improve the performance because they reduce the HoL blocking derived from congested flows, especially when UGAL routing is used. The reason for that is because UGAL does not always use non-minimal routes that introduce an overhead that leads to performance degradation, as VAL does. Regardless ofthe routing, DBBM configured with sixteen VCs is the configuration that obtains the highest performance, although UGAL-SF4LQ-16 performance is closer to the UGAL-DBBM-16 one, except in the last point of load, which is lower. In general, the more VCs are configured, the more HoL blocking is reduced. Hence, UGAL configuring DBBM or SF4LQ as a mapping policy significantly improves the network performance in comparison with the DLA scheme, whose performance is spoiled by congestion situations.