... One interesting question is whether central bank intervention can provide guidance to market participants about the central banks’ desire about **exchange** **rate** movement. A study by Rülke and Yoshida (2009) ...

16

... floating **exchange** **rate** regimes were adopted at the end of the 1990s the IMF was emphatically in favour of free ...foreign **exchange** market ...real **exchange** **rate**” and the presumption that ...

8

... real **exchange** **rate**, both in terms of the CPI and export prices, on decreasing the demand for ...real **exchange** **rate** would appreciate in terms of the CPI but depreciate in terms of export ...

24

... the **exchange** **rate** variable as an average of monthly nominal market rates, official rates if market rates are not avail- able (source: International Financial Statistics), over the model year of the ...The ...

58

... real **exchange** **rate** from its PPP level disappears in less than two years, results consistent with Cheung and Lai and ...nominal **rate** as market forces compel a return to the PPP ...

20

... real **exchange** **rate** (SCRER) can foster economic growth in developing countries has gained lots of ...real **exchange** **rate** (RER) levels are positively associated with economic ...

15

... change **rate** regimes and **exchange** **rate** ...change **rate** policy with development objectives, Williamson reconsiders arguments by Balassa (1971), who believed that **exchange** **rate** ...

16

... the **exchange** **rate** regime promoted during the Bretton Woods ...the **rate** gradually over time in a series of small corrections, instead of sudden and unanticipated discrete changes as with the ...

59

... The specific path of adjustment the country follows can have important welfare con- sequences. Calvo, Izquierdo, and Talvi (2003) highlight this point from a slightly different angle. In their post-mortem analysis of ...

67

... of **exchange** **rate** interventions over the distribution of inflation expectations may naturally depend on the economic environment in which they are ...

36

... on **exchange** **rate** arbitrage conditions term was proposed by Samuelson (1965) and empirically developed by Cornell and Dietrich (1978) without conclusive results achieved in their ...forward **rate** as an ...

30

... of **exchange** **rate** regime on a spectrum from ﬂoating to ﬁxed, employing the classiﬁcation scheme from the IMF’s Ex- change Arrangements and **Exchange** Restric- ...the **exchange** **rate** regime ...

19

... symmetric **exchange** **rate** exposure from TWEER movements is associated with a group of firm level indicators, including total assets, T A × T A, EPS, IN I 2Asset, Lia2Asset and firm size, and the determinants ...

33

... where the variables are expressed as deviations from the steady state levels. Equation (1) is an aggregate demand equation in which the output gap, y t , responds to the n − period long-term real interest **rate**, ρ ...

46

... both **exchange** **rate** variables, ME and DE, ...nominal **exchange** **rate**, and the number of cases decreases as the monthly devaluation ...the **rate** of change of the nominal **exchange** ...

39

... Abstract. Associating the pattern in text data with the pattern with time series data is a novel task. In this paper, an approach that utilizes the features of the time series data and domain knowledge is proposed and ...

8

... dollar **exchange** **rate** and more than 40 percent of daily changes in the log yen/dollar ...lower-frequency **exchange** **rate** dynamics emerge from the market’s operation in real ...

11

... real **exchange** **rate** has an expected value equal to zero) and the expected value for the real **exchange** **rate** is ...real **exchange** **rate** in the economy equals that lower bound, which ...

46

... fixed **exchange** **rate** would imply a big political cost for the policy maker, this one would be disciplined, causing unsustainable fiscal policies not to occur in ...

46

... floating **exchange** **rate** regimes (following the fall of the Bretton Woods System) were unwilling to fight the inflationary consequences of supply shocks, ended up in many cases with persistent inflation rates ...

35