Exploratory research

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La dirección escolar en Ecuador: breve investigación exploratoria. // School management in Ecuador: brief exploratory research

La dirección escolar en Ecuador: breve investigación exploratoria. // School management in Ecuador: brief exploratory research

Research shows that a leadership role through the practice of leadership is a key to the positive transformation of schools. This essay reflects the perceptions of a group of principals, as a result of an exploratory investigation that aimed to identify, as well as to describe how the principals perceive the task of the directive function in public schools of Zone 8 of Guayaquil (Ecuador), especially those located in complex contexts, aggravated by their social problems. This qualitative exploratory research allowed the collection of data through techniques such as in-depth interviews and discussion groups to a team of Directors from District 09D08 Monte Sinaí- Pascuales 2. Likewise, the results respond to the specific objectives of this research focused, among others, on identifying the current management model perceived by the directors, implicitly and explicitly transparent, the informants' discourse. In addition, the same functions and logic of action emerge that they develop to respond to the educational needs of students. This is due to a large part of its student population, comes from families that are at risk of social exclusion.

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Characterizing e-learning practices in companies . An exploratory research in Australia

Characterizing e-learning practices in companies . An exploratory research in Australia

Abstract. It becomes perceptible that each day more companies make use of e-learning for the capacity of its workers. During a congress in the e-learning area it has been noticed the increase in corporative e-learning cases. These cases show that there does not exist a single form of e-learning within the companies. Each program makes use of adequate practices for organizational characteristics, which may vary according to each company’s knowledge, the technology, the available resources, and the vision administrators have concerning e-learning. Thus, this paper aims to characterize some of these different e-learning practices. Exploratory research was carried out where e- learning specialists were interviewed in nine different companies and a university in Australia. The results revealed successful accounts as well as challenges that must overcome. These results will form the basis for later research where an evaluation system that can be adaptable to each corporate e- learning practice will be developed.

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Goals in Argentinean adolescents: an exploratory research

Goals in Argentinean adolescents: an exploratory research

Besides, according to what we have checked referring to a theoretic information, the impression is that, although we have many investigations about the adolescent situation, the research in Argentina shows, in particular, lack to know about the life goals in adolescence. Then we considered important to start a serious study to look deeply into these goals of adolescents’ lives that belong to different social contexts in our country. This circumstance, encourages us to deal with the current topic of interest and the exploratory instance of the investigation, we propose to establish category of analyses about: what goals guide their lives.

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An exploratory research on the new curriculum design implemented in the province of Buenos Aires as from 2008.

An exploratory research on the new curriculum design implemented in the province of Buenos Aires as from 2008.

there are many critics to ongoing procedures. Sánchez (2004) affirms that changes in methodology were more frequent in the second half of the 20 th century and Richards and Renandya (2003) assert that “by the twenty-first century there has been a movement away from a preoccupation with generic teaching methods towards a more complex view of language teaching which encompasses a multifaceted understanding of the teaching and learning processes” (p. 5). In addition, globalisation has “put pressure on people to learn languages more quickly and efficiently … learning a new system of communication is also substantially different from what it used to be in previous centuries: we have more need to communicate orally” (Sánchez, 2004: 40). In keeping with these views, Nunan (2004) argues that “these days … language can be thought of as a tool for communication rather than as sets of phonological, grammatical and lexical items to be memorised” (p. 7). Therefore, in the search for methods that foster fluid efficient communication, TBLT has gained popularity since the end of the 20 th century when most of the research into TBLT took place (Sánchez, 2004) triggered by Prabhu‟s Second Language Pedagogy published in 1987. Indeed, “for the past 20 years, task-based language teaching (TBLT) has attracted the attention of second language acquisition (SLA) researchers, curriculum developers, educationalists, teacher trainers and language teachers worldwide” (Van den Branden 2006: 1). Savignon (1993: 37 as quoted in Nunan, 2004) traces the roots of the communicative view of language:

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Relevant Tools for Tackling Interoperability Problems on Heterogeneous Electronic Health Record Systems: An Exploratory Research

Relevant Tools for Tackling Interoperability Problems on Heterogeneous Electronic Health Record Systems: An Exploratory Research

The most relevant interoperability standards, con- trolled vocabularies and terminologies are described in this paper, in order to provide syntactic and seman- tic interoperability to EHR systems; with the under- standing that it is important to first solve syntactic interoperability and then semantic interoperability. The type of semantic interoperability is very sensitive in all areas of applicability, but even more so in a health environment; so it is vitally important to prop- erly use interoperability tools. Further research is

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CWS Nuevos Modelos de Trabajo y Creación de Valor: Co-Working Spaces en México

CWS Nuevos Modelos de Trabajo y Creación de Valor: Co-Working Spaces en México

The study is mainly based on two sources of data: semi-structured interviews, and direct observation. Secondary data like the content of the spaces’ web pages, online forums and discussion mailing lists have also been taken in consideration. Semi-structured interviews. The main source of data was semi-structured interviews to managers and members of collaborative spaces. The interviews were done in two phases. In the first step, an exploratory research was conducted in the two different collaborative spaces that agreed to participate in the study. This phase took place between July and August 2016 in Mexico City and Monterrey. In total, 9 interviews were done, most of them face-to-face in the spaces’ facilities. The interviews focused on eight aspects: (1) the description of the spaces (members, resources); (2) the innovation modes; (3) the collaborative practices; (4) the role of community managers and organization; (5) the physical space; (6) the methodology and tools; (7) the users’ involvement and (8) the knowledge management (i.e. intellectual property management). This phase helped to identify the different collaborative dynamics in an explorative approach. To ensure data corroboration for this phase, additional interviews were included with two innovation specialists, one from Mexico City and one from Monterrey, that have followed the evolution of the collaborative spaces in the cities in the last five years. These experts were researchers and university professors that represented highly knowledgeable informants (see Apendix1) who can view the focal phenomena from diverse perspectives (Eisenhardt & Graebner, 2007).

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Challenging immateriality: Outline for a valuation model of invisible (and visible) heritage

Challenging immateriality: Outline for a valuation model of invisible (and visible) heritage

In the meantime, based on the empirical data from the exploratory phase and on the literature review, an outline of a valuation model especially adapted to contexts with a high degree of mistrust and significant power differentials,, was developed and is presented and explained in this paper. The model will next be refined based on the results of the second phase of the research project and a special study designed to test it is already being prepared. Being a work in progress, this paper aims at theoretically explaining the model in the sphere of the creative tourism concept and its associated implementation mechanism, as well as considering the network of coordinated social actors. Therefore, it comprises three main parts. In the first part, covering sections 2 and 3, we discuss the shift in tourism trends advocated by Richards (2010a, 2010b, 2011a, 2011b), from cultural to creative tourism, contextualizing the rationale for this change within the scope of current changes in Europe. We also associate this with the need to shift from the exploitation of endowed resources, as in traditional cultural tourism, to their creation, through symbolic value added, a movement that implies new, more cooperative organizational forms. In the second part we describe already existent valuation models and we present some of the main conclusions from the exploratory empirical work, showing the high mistrust, low communication nature of context. Finally, we outline and explain a proposal for the development of a valuation model of intangible heritage, based on the combination of already existent models and on the conclusions derived from the analysis of the empirical data. We conclude by explaining the next research steps, including the validation of the proposed model.

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Consumer expectations of online services in the insurance industry: an exploratory study of drivers and outcomes

Consumer expectations of online services in the insurance industry: an exploratory study of drivers and outcomes

Second, this research has shown that the drivers of the formation of customer expectations are determined by such important variables as perceived usefulness, reputation, subjective norm, and PEOU. The study sought to determine how consumer/user expectations are formed with regard to the use of an online service as opposed to the provision of the same service offline or through traditional channels. In this regard, many of the studies conducted on the TAM have demonstrated the importance of perceived usefulness. The present findings are consistent with previous studies (e.g., Wu and Wang, 2005; Kim et al., 2008; Hess et al., 2014; Izquierdo-Yusta et al., 2015). By way of example, attention should be drawn to the perceived value model proposed by Zeithaml (1998), which served as the inspiration for several subsequent studies highlighting the influence of perceived value on consumers’ behavioral intentions (Dodds et al., 1991; Grewal et al., 1998). From the perspective of the insured, use of the private area of the website should facilitate the entire process, allowing the insured to carry out all processes easily and entailing cost savings (whether in terms of waiting times, travel, opportunity costs, etc.). Therefore, companies should design their websites to be accessible through a small number of clicks, provide fast downloads, be easy to navigate, etc.

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The  exploration of the information and communication technologies in the development of reading comprehension skill of english language with the students at primer  año de bachillerato “a” at unidad educativa combatientes de tapi, city of riobamba, chimb

The exploration of the information and communication technologies in the development of reading comprehension skill of english language with the students at primer año de bachillerato “a” at unidad educativa combatientes de tapi, city of riobamba, chimborazo province, during the academic term february july 2016

Internet technologies enable teachers to enhance and expand this curriculum within and beyond the physical classroom. Students’ use of text-based computer mediated communication, and intensive reading and research using Internet hypertext documents that can improve the educative field. In addition, the use of technology enables students to improve skills that are necessary to increase knowledge through the time in the classroom. When teachers integrated into the curriculum technology, it can provide students high motivation to develop literacy skills that they will need in the age of information with the objective to maintain a correct level they required for transmitting ideas and to comprehend text that is indispensable to overcome issues in any problem they have with their study inasmuch as reading is the knowledge base. ICT is affecting how reading is being taught at Comil High School. Teachers are integrating commercially available programs into the reading curriculum. Some programs include The Learning Company’s Paper dreams and some book versions of popular “Marvellous Ecuadorian legends” and the classic Time Machine book. In the development of information technology, Internet manages the history of educational technology in the new groove. Online services in the education of undergraduate and grade are not basically to provide educational services to users with Internet as a medium. Online services can be composed of different stages of educational programs such as registration, test data, payment, learning, case assignments, case discussions, exams, assessments, discussions and announcements (Davi, 2013).

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Supply or demand? Politics and the 3×1 Program for Migrants

Supply or demand? Politics and the 3×1 Program for Migrants

Collective remittances are the money flows sent by hometown associations (HTAs) to their communities of origin. In Mexico, the 3x1 Program for Migrants matches by three the amounts that HTAs send back to their localities to invest in public projects. In previous quantitative research, we found that PAN-ruled municipalities were more likely to participate in the program, controlling for a number of predictors. Once selected into the Program, political strongholds of any municipal party receive more funds per capita. The political bias in participation and fund allocation may be due to two possible mechanisms: HTAs decisions to invest in some municipalities but not others may reflect migrants’ preferences (a demand driven bias). On the other hand, government officials may use the Program to direct funds according to their own political objectives (a supply-driven bias). To disentangle which of these two mechanisms is at work, we studied a 2x2 matrix of statistically selected cases of high migration municipalities in the state of Guanajuato. We carried out over 60 semi-structured interviews to state and municipal Program administrators, local politicians, and migrant leaders from these municipalities. Our qualitative study indicates that, even though migrant leaders are clearly pragmatic, the political bias of the Program is more likely to be driven by politicians’ preferences. Moreover, these biases are reinforced by the program’s coordination requirements. This study raises obvious concerns about the ability of this kind of programs to reach the areas where public resources are needed the most.

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L2 authorial writing in informational texts by bilingual fifth graders in Mexico: an exploratory teacher research

L2 authorial writing in informational texts by bilingual fifth graders in Mexico: an exploratory teacher research

Learners in an inquiry-based learning develop habits of the mind (Strober, 2006). Parting from a question, as Neumann (1992) suggests, the aims of research-based learning may be defined as forming “academics who are curious to know why something is the way it is and who are, therefore, actively pursuing an answer to a question” (p. 162). Young learners may develop habits, thus, enabling them to avoid becoming mere consumers of information as it happens in traditional educational settings, where the teacher instructs learners and they are expected to recall the information that has been imparted rather than discover it or even question it. Conversely, having young learners ask questions and having teachers not answering those rather than providing support and guidance for learners to seek for their own answers or discoveries on how some questions remain unanswered, develops in learners their innate curiosity, preparing them to become active and independent seekers of their answers. This training allows children to become critical thinkers. Learners observe, ask questions, inquire through provocations and are encouraged to develop understanding and come up with their own conclusions based upon evidence. Therefore, learners, from a very young age, are trained to reflect upon not only what they learn but also why and how they learn it (IBO, 2009). Furthermore, there are two tenets that make inquiry-based possible in way that allows for the right support and informed decision-making: scaffolding and formative assessment.

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The political economy of collective remittances: The 3×1 program in Mexico

The political economy of collective remittances: The 3×1 program in Mexico

Although the research mentioned above agrees in that politicians will be better off diversifying their basket of political investments into public and private spending, there still may be different mechanisms at work that, ultimately, will lead to different predictions and observable implications. To see why this is the case, consider first the approach of Díaz Cayeros et. al. (2007). Here, the concern is about how a hegem- onic party (the Mexican PRI) whose support declined overtime used social policies to stay in power. According to these authors, politicians are better off diversifying their basket of investments in line with a simple premise: politicians cannot alien- ate their core voters by providing transfers only to swing voters; yet, in their search to expand their support coalition particularly in contested jurisdictions, politicians will provide public goods. In this framework, politicians’ risk aversion is crucial to determine which type of project will be used to address different voters. Targeting private transfers to core voters is a very conservative strategy with low transaction costs: the machine knows loyal voters well and can monitor their behavior. However, the electoral returns of public good investment are more uncertain, the beneficiaries more diffuse, and the response to this type of transfers is more difficult to observe. Still, public goods can serve the purpose of winning highly contested jurisdictions in which constituencies are more heterogeneous. Under this theoretical framework, the empirical expectation is that

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The political economy of collective remittances: The 3×1 program in Mexico

THE ELECTORAL DETERMINANTS OF COLLECTIVE REMITTANCES: The Mexican 3x1 Program

Although the research mentioned above agrees in that politicians will be better off diversifying their basket of political investments into public and private spending, there still may be different mechanisms at work that, ultimately, will lead to different predictions and observable implications. To see why this is the case, consider first the approach of Díaz Cayeros et. al. (2007). Here, the concern is about how a hegem- onic party (the Mexican PRI) whose support declined overtime used social policies to stay in power. According to these authors, politicians are better off diversifying their basket of investments in line with a simple premise: politicians cannot alien- ate their core voters by providing transfers only to swing voters; yet, in their search to expand their support coalition particularly in contested jurisdictions, politicians will provide public goods. In this framework, politicians’ risk aversion is crucial to determine which type of project will be used to address different voters. Targeting private transfers to core voters is a very conservative strategy with low transaction costs: the machine knows loyal voters well and can monitor their behavior. However, the electoral returns of public good investment are more uncertain, the beneficiaries more diffuse, and the response to this type of transfers is more difficult to observe. Still, public goods can serve the purpose of winning highly contested jurisdictions in which constituencies are more heterogeneous. Under this theoretical framework, the empirical expectation is that

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Observation of the use of videos as teaching strategy for the presentation of new vocabulary in the students of séptimo año de educación básica, class “C” at Unidad Educativa “José María Román Freile” during the academic year 2016 2017

Observation of the use of videos as teaching strategy for the presentation of new vocabulary in the students of séptimo año de educación básica, class “C” at Unidad Educativa “José María Román Freile” during the academic year 2016 2017

The type of research in this investigation project is qualitative because in this kind of research the investigator wants to know the natural environment of the phenomenon studied, and the researcher is the main instrument for the generation and collection of the data. The theory was deduced to the essential parts of the investigation about the use of videos as teaching strategy for learning new vocabulary. First, the research started with the analysis, explanation of the observation and abstraction using different strategies, with the techniques of the observation in order to establish how videos help Students in the acquisition of new vocabulary.

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Avoiding L1 traslation in EFL classroom oral interactions: What effects could teaching inductive grammar have in reducing student translation from L1 to L2 in oral interactions?

Avoiding L1 traslation in EFL classroom oral interactions: What effects could teaching inductive grammar have in reducing student translation from L1 to L2 in oral interactions?

To further interpret these findings, students require well designed lessons to learn vocabulary for oral interactions. While many factors that were not part of this research‟s focus could affect outcomes (rapport, instructions, classroom environment, etc.), the elements pertaining to this research are conclusive enough to suggest that student translation from L1 to L2 is generated in students with lower English proficiency levels as a means of survival when understanding instructions due to lack of vocabulary. However, giving students sentences to work while filling gaps with the vocabulary from the unit, can boost their vocabulary and oral skills. Also this can show them that it is possible to, in one form or another, speak in English with their classmates, giving students more confidence and interest in the subject. Further research is required, but a hypothesis after this experimental research could state that inductive grammar and vocabulary serve a founding purpose in opening doors for students with low proficiency levels to begin believing in themselves and their ability to learn and speak in English.

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The Role of Research in Immigration and Integration Policies. An Exploratory Study of the Policy-Research Nexus in Spain

The Role of Research in Immigration and Integration Policies. An Exploratory Study of the Policy-Research Nexus in Spain

Until the decade 2000, the majority of these studies was directly financed and in many cases commissioned by public admi- nistrations or social organizations. Thus, it may be concluded that institutional and so- cial demands have determined in great mea- sure the topics and approaches. Most re- searchers interviewed coincide in highlighting this close relationship between academic research, public institutions and social orga- nisations. This link is interpreted as a specific and even unique characteristic of the Spa- nish case. Researchers differ however in their evaluation. For some researchers, this rela- tionship is sporadic and depends mainly on the form of financing. While institutions have commissioned and financed research in a stable manner until the start of the economic crisis, it is also certain that strictly academic publications did also increase (here we coin- cide with Corrochano, 2010). For other re- searchers, institutionally commissioned re- search is problematic and has weakened the results and the theoretical scope of research. One researcher stated that this relationship has led to a large number of studies “not ha- ving focused on responding to academic re- search questions framed in an international context, but rather, in conducting specific studies upon request of the contracting ad- ministrations” (Entr. 5).

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