... the **gravity** **model**: Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), country pair fixed effects (CPFE), the Hausman Taylor **model** (HT), and the Pseudo Poisson Maximum Likelihood Estimation ...

19

... As shown earlier, distance measured in minutes provides the best fit in the **gravity** **model** compared with the other two measures. However, travel time and road distance between places are not constant over ...

24

... data **gravity** **model** to Bellos and Subasat (2012a and 2012b) as our main purpose is to verify their results in the context of 18 Latin American countries in the period ...their **model** by employing ...

26

... the **gravity** **model** to explain trade flows between regions using a spatial ...the **gravity** **model** controlling for the so-called multilateral resistance (MR) and introducing spatial lags, while the ...

27

... a **gravity** **model**, seeking to answer the ques- tion: how does the bilateral trade flows between Ecuador and Germany af- fect the size of their economies and the costs of trade? To solve it, an analysis of the ...

17

... Reduced **gravity** **model** it is a very used tool to understand many of the oceanic process, and in the elaboration of precise and more complex numerical ...difference **model**, and in Matlab ambient, it is ...

44

... a **gravity** **model** using panel data for remittances from 23 sending countries 2 to Pakistan over the period from 2001 to ...The **model** is augmented with a new proxy for cost of remitting that, to the ...

37

... A **gravity** **model** of migration augmented with average temperature and precipitation in the country of origin is estimated using a panel data set of 142 sending countries for the period 1995 to ...

15

... distribution. To construct the index, we first estimate the distribution of income within each country and then we measure to what extent the distributions of two given countries overlap. The underlying assumption is ...

12

... The effect is similar to that calculated by Martínez-Zarzoso et al. (2009) and Nowak-Lehmann D. et al. (2013) using total exports. Figure 1 shows the evolution over time of the aid coefficients in the **gravity** ...

24

... However, our key observation is: Vasiliev’s higher-spin gravities are not formulated a priori in terms of Lorentz tensors and tensor-spinors; rather they are formulated in terms of master fields living on products of ...

34

... cosmological **model** that has this property [51, 52]. In the δ ˜ **gravity** **model**, we can avoid a Big Rip at later time by a mechanism that gives masses to all massless ...this **model**) or massive ...

14

... the **gravity** **model** to measure the FDI flows, we are going to use the GDP of domestic and foreign countries, the exports and imports as a level of openness, a dummy variable if one specific country is a ...

35

... the **gravity** **model**, since it is used to study trade flows among countries; however, the **model** was not widely accepted by the perception that it was more an analogy with physics than an analysis ...the ...

31

... which, in particular, tends to the usual mass parameter m in the absence of higher-curvature terms ( α ¼ β ¼ 0 ) or in the absence of a cosmological constant ( Λ ¼ 0 ). In general, there is no need to go beyond linear ...

8

... In this paper we have shown that the singularity- avoiding ‘‘loitering’’ behavior observed for > 0 and domination by a perfect fluid is upheld for w > 0 and that this result is not affected by the presence of ...

12

... **Gravity** and magnetic data, the latter specifically acquired on land for this study, show that the complex occupies the core of an open synform with a maximum depth of 9 – 10 km, which contrasts with the flat ...

18

... of **gravity** at a classical level but it lacks of consistency in a quantum regime because it is not ...Einstein **gravity** are expected to give rise to a **gravity** theory with a better ultraviolet ...

6

... (5) Observe the particular coupling to the matter Lagrangian. We shall not consider a matter lagrangian for each metric, as often done in the literature. We shall argue below that the coupling of normal matter to g µν + ...

10

... for **gravity** with a conformally coupled scalar field in terms of connections and formulate the action as a Chern-Simons-like ...to **gravity** with a minimally coupled scalar ...

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