Integrated water resources management (IWRM)

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ECONOMIC ELEMENTS TO SUPPORT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (IWRM) IN CHILE: CASE STUDY OF THE VILLARRICA LAKE WATERSHOD

ECONOMIC ELEMENTS TO SUPPORT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (IWRM) IN CHILE: CASE STUDY OF THE VILLARRICA LAKE WATERSHOD

Water is a precious resource since it is the basis of every human being’s livelihood and it is a vital element which preserves the balance of our surrounding ecosystems. In order to safeguard this essential good, a sound management in quantitative and qualitative terms is crucial. The consideration of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is new in Chile such as evidences the implementation of the National Strategy of Integrated Management of Hydrographical Watersheds in 2007. Its objective is the protection of the hydrological resources on a river basin scale, in quality as well as in quantity. It further seeks to preserve the resource for human consumption purposes, but it also aims for a harmonisation between ecosystem conservation objectives and the sustainable utilisation of the resource by economic sectors. In the context of the process of establishment of a new environmental quality norm for the Villarrica Lake watershed in the south of Chile, the first scope of this study is the elaboration of a programme of measures which provides information on the total costs for the preservation of the lake’s quality. The second objective is the identification and assessment of an economic instrument for the introduction of IWRM in Chile taking into account the Villarrica Lake watershed. Considering economic instruments as an integral part of the IWRM strategy, this study therefore contemplates the implementation of effluent charges for an improvement of the water quality in the river basin. The methodology includes a strong literature review, as well as semi-structured interviews with the local environmental government, the municipalities, and further institutions related to water management in the watershed.
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Policy Paper circulated during the World Summit on Sustainable Development by The Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape (SAEFL), the Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

Policy Paper circulated during the World Summit on Sustainable Development by The Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape (SAEFL), the Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

There is more and more support for an Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) approach. Nevertheless, there are several interpretations of the word ‘integrated’. Some consider that integration is between several water use sectors: drinking water, irrigation, hydropower, navigation, recreation, etc. It is therefore suggested that appropriate infrastructure works can help store and distribute the resource to the different users.

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LINKING POVERTY REDUCTION AND WATER MANAGEMENT

LINKING POVERTY REDUCTION AND WATER MANAGEMENT

This awareness has produced high levels of political commitment to improving water; a fact reflected in the MDGs, in the prominence given to water and sanitation in the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in 2002, in the declaration of 2005-2015 as the decade of Water for Life. But, this political commitment is only poorly translated into concerted and sustainable actions on the ground: water hardly figures in many Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (see box 2), investments in water management in many countries are stagnant or falling and reforms to the sector happen only slowly if at all.There has been a move towards the development of national integrated water resources management (IWRM) plans in some developing countries, with this a reflection of the commitments made in the WSSD in Johannesburg. In most cases, these efforts are in their infancy, however, and their effectiveness is limited by institutional barriers, low political support and public awareness and the lack of mechanisms to bring together stakeholders in the planning process. The realization of IWRM would provide a basis for more effective poverty targeting in water management, an issue discussed in more depth below. In particular, this would be instrumental in avoiding too narrow a focus on water supply and sanitation alone. This sector is, of course, of profound importance in realizing water’s potential contribution to poverty reduction, but it is essential that the focus on water supply and sanitation does not lead to the neglect of the many other dimensions of water management that are included within an IWRM framework.
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WetlanDS taKe CaRe OF WateR

WetlanDS taKe CaRe OF WateR

Water management in all its forms is complex. There is not one solution that will fit all situations but experiences show that adaptive management processes that engage stakeholders and slowly build on management achievements and successes are essential tools for achiev- ing sustainable economic, social and environmental outcomes. Processes, such as Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM), incorporating river basin management, replace the tra- ditional sectoral approach to managing wetlands and water resources and en- sure that the complexities are embraced, rather than ignored or used as an ex- cuse to prioritise investment decisions away from protecting natural wetland infrastructure.
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New perspectives in the watershed approach for water management

New perspectives in the watershed approach for water management

The integrated water resources management based on the wa- tershed concept and approach as a unit is an advanced tool for the future of water management. Surface and underground waters are used for human consumptions, industrial applica- tion and processes and generation of hydropower as well as tourism and recreation, food supply or irrigation. Plants, animals and ecosystems consume water. Applied to surface and under- ground sources of water, the basic demands for quality of life in- clude: i) protection from floods and droughts; ii) protection from water based and water borne diseases; iii) water of good quality; iv) production of food from lakes, rivers and reservoirs.
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Museo Interactivo de Economía, Política de Manejo de Colecciones

Museo Interactivo de Economía, Política de Manejo de Colecciones

El Museo no tiene la posesión legal de estas colecciones, pues éstas pertenecen a terceros, quienes pueden solicitar su retiro del Museo en cualquier momento, por lo tanto queda estricta[r]

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Proteger los Bienes Culturales en Caso de Conflicto Armado

Proteger los Bienes Culturales en Caso de Conflicto Armado

de la Convención de La Haya del 14 de mayo de 1954 para la Protección de los Bienes Culturales en caso de Conflicto Armado y de otros instrumentos internacionales aplicables, queda prohi[r]

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Documentos Fundamentales para el Patrimonio Cultural

Documentos Fundamentales para el Patrimonio Cultural

A los efectos del presente Protocolo: a Por “Parte” se entenderá un Estado Parte en el presente Protocolo; b Por “bienes culturales” se entenderán los bienes culturales definidos en el A[r]

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El Registrador Crítico

El Registrador Crítico

Continuando con esto, agregamos que el Registrador debe ser un individuo amplia y críticamente pensante, un “ smart”  Registrador al tanto de los avances, reflexiones y preocupaciones qu[r]

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La Manipulación de las Colecciones en el Almacén.  UNESCO, 2010

La Manipulación de las Colecciones en el Almacén.  UNESCO, 2010

Los procedimientos escritos en materia de almacenamiento deben ser conocidos por todos los trabajadores, incluyendo las normas y requisitos para acceder al almacén y extraer un obj[r]

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Public participation and the role of social networks in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Spain

Public participation and the role of social networks in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Spain

This paper focuses primarily on a description and preliminary analysis of the first two components. The paper is organized into six sections. Following this introduction is a brief description of the research methodology used to gather the information presented in the paper. In order to understand the institutional context in which the WFD-related PP processes have taken place, the third section describes the administrative organization for water resources management in Spain and the role users have traditionally played. It also offers a brief historical overview of the public debates that surrounded the publication of the Draft NHP and the BMPs in the 1990s and the actors and arguments that emerged then and that have consolidated over time. The fourth section includes a description of the PP and consultation processes that are being undertaken by the River Basin Authorities (RBA) in the process of the elaboration of the current BMPs, and of the social networks that have arisen throughout Spain over the past decade in defense of the values embodied by the New Water Culture 1 . The fifth section includes an effort to identify strengths and weaknesses of these processes as well as potential best practices and future opportunities. It also suggests possible ways in which emerging social networks for water ecosystem conservation are becoming alternative and potentially powerful PP arenas. The final section reflects on some unanswered questions regarding the outcome of the PP processes and the need to capitalize on the possibilities that have
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Museo Interactivo de Economía, Plan de Emergencia ante un Siniestro

Museo Interactivo de Economía, Plan de Emergencia ante un Siniestro

Disposiciones Generales.- El Comité Interno de Protección Civil del Fideicomiso Espacio Cultural y Educativo Betlemitas, se constituye como órgano normativo para que en el inmueble que l[r]

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Human Resources Management

Human Resources Management

The current management perspective is an integrated approach that encompasses many different issues in the Business Organization area: people management, strategy design, organizational structure and development of new working structure. Human Resources Management subject is a core subject of the student curriculum, providing the Business Administration graduate with the knowledge and skills needed to enhance the main asset in today’s companies "human capital", to create value for both company and society.

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Museo Interactivo de Economía, Código de Ético

Museo Interactivo de Economía, Código de Ético

Normas éticas respecto a la baja de colecciones A continuación se enumerarán las normas éticas que rigen al museo en relación a la baja de colecciones, es importante aclarar que el princ[r]

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La Seguridad en los Museos

La Seguridad en los Museos

Durante la guardia nocturna, si fuera posible, haga un recorrido de inspección de las áreas del museo como aparece en la ilustración. Examine las áreas principales una vez más c[r]

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Manual del Instructor para ser Utilizado con Cómo Administrar un Museo: Manual Práctico

Manual del Instructor para ser Utilizado con Cómo Administrar un Museo: Manual Práctico

El capítulo La misión educativa del museo en el marco de las funciones museísticas de Cómo administrar un museo ofrece una gran diversidad de temas e informaciones que se deben incluir e[r]

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Arqueología Pública y su aplicación en el Perú

Arqueología Pública y su aplicación en el Perú

El concepto de “vender”, obviamente, puede sonar muy comercial a simple vista; sin embargo, al leer dicho artículo, uno se da cuenta que el autor no se refiere solamente a esta idea co[r]

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Cross Border Cooperation within the European Neighbourhood Inistrument (ENI)

Cross Border Cooperation within the European Neighbourhood Inistrument (ENI)

Gender mainstreaming is an important cross-cutting issue in all aspects of work within the Programme. Indeed, gender equality and women’s and girls’ empowerment are important elements for fair, equitable and inclusive sustainable development. Within the specific thematic objective of the Programme dedicated to poverty eradication and social inclusion (TO A.3), special attention is devoted to women, as well as to another disadvantaged category of people: youth, particularly those belonging to the NEETS category. Other priorities also directly consider aspects related to gender and women’s empowerment, such as priority A.1.1 on start-ups. The Programme is committed to pursuing the empowerment and human rights of women and girls – with a view to ending all forms of discrimination – and to ensuring equal access to resources and equal opportunities in all spheres of life, for both men and women. To this end, the Programme should address legal, social and economic barriers to gender equality, and Programme partners and involved institutions are strongly encouraged to include gender considerations in all their activities, particularly in planning exercises. Further, due consideration will be given to the development of gender- related indicators at the Programme and project levels. All project beneficiaries will be asked to consider gender-related issues in the implementation of their activities, shaping their initiatives in order to ensure the equality of opportunities and rights and the balanced distribution of responsibilities and benefits. (iv) HIV/AIDS
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Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo

Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo

Para promover e incentivar dicho enfoque, la Fundación Ecología y D e s a rrollo, en su calidad de miembro español de Sustainable Investment R e s e a rch International (SiRi) Group, lleva a cabo trabajos de investiga- ción y análisis sobre el grado de sostenibilidad, o de Responsabilidad Social Corporativa, de las compañías españolas presentes en los princi- pales índices bursátiles. Esta información es posteriormente usada por instituciones financieras para poner a disposición de sus clientes pro- ductos de Inversión Socialmente Responsable (ISR); aquellos que, a los tradicionales criterios financieros, incorporan criterios sociales o medioambientales, de acuerdo a las pre f e rencias de los inversore s . E n t re las instituciones financieras que utilizan los servicios de análisis de SiRi Group se encuentran Citizens Bank of Canada, Credit Ly o n n a i s , De xi a Mul ti G es ti on F ran ce , H um a nix H old in gs , I N G I nv estm en t Management, ING Bank Netherlands, KPA AB, MeesPierson, Societé Générale, y Renta 4 SGIIC.
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Proyecto Conservación y Uso Sostenible de la Biodiversidad en la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Bases Técnicas para la Formulación de una Estrategia de Conservación Corregional

Proyecto Conservación y Uso Sostenible de la Biodiversidad en la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Bases Técnicas para la Formulación de una Estrategia de Conservación Corregional

En este contexto, actualmente la FPSN se avanza en la formulación de una estrategia de conservación de la biodiversidad de la ecorregión, centrada en la conservación, restauración y us[r]

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