well search for and find support in their supervisors, colleagues and family. One variable that may work out in a discriminant way among employees with difficulties to balance but who have access to work- family practices is job satisfaction. Not all employees who have difficulties to balance work and family will be similarly affected in their organizational commitment: some employees will diminish their levelofcommitment, and even question their own attachment to the company, whereas others may maintain their commitment levels due to the job satisfaction obtained thanks to work-family practices. The positive relationship between the employees’ job satisfaction and organizational commitment has been previously tested in several studies (Frenkel et al., 2013) but those that analyse the relationship between work-family practices and organizational commitment are not conclusive. We have previously mentioned the theory of social exchange (Blau, 1964) in order to justify that a satisfied employee at work would wish to express his/her gratitude to the company as a compensation for the support to solve balance difficulties. That is to say, a more satisfied employee at work would be potentially more committed to his/her company.
7 The present study resulted from the constant complaints of the authorities of a technical public preparatory in the South east of Mexico about the English teachers’ lack ofcommitment and its impact on the students’ performance. Apparently, this issue is not an isolated case, it is said to be a constant situation affecting the majority of the schools belonging to this subsystem. Teachers are blamed for not achieving the goals established by the program. It is claimed that the low performance of the students in terms of the acquisition of the English language is the result of the teachers’ lack ofcommitment to their jobs, and their responsibilities in the classrooms. In the same way, the authorities blame the EFL teachers for not attending “enthusiastically” all the policies and requirements that the school establishes. It is argued that even when the majority of the teachers start their careers in this subsystem showing a very high levelofcommitment, they gradually show a decrease in their levels ofcommitment over time. Furthermore, it seems that in spite of showing a very high levelof enthusiasm, some teachers still cannot obtain the results expected. In sum, it appears that to a certain extent, the EFL teachers, at these technical preparatory schools in Mexico, are not doing their jobs as expected by the authorities.
The objective of this study was to gain a better understanding of the stress-burnout-turnover intention process by examining the differential effect of handling diffi cult doctor-patient interactions on physicians depending on their levelofcommitment. Empirical research from Western and Eastern countries has indicated that turnover intentions are an outcome of stress and burnout (e.g., Kemery et al., 1985; Williams et al., 2001). The current study confi rmed this linkage and showed that job stress, and moreover burnout, are important factors in the physician profession and lined to a higher turnover intentions among doctors. This conclusion stands even when other antecedents of turnover, such as commitment, sociodemographic variables, or diffi cult doctor- patient interactions, were taken into account. In addition, consistent with other health professional studies (e.g., Gormley & Kennerly, 2011), commitment was also a signifi cant predictor of turnover intention. As commitment wears down, a person is likely to engage in possible job search behavior either in the present or in the near future. The conservation of the resources theory of stress (Hobfoll & Freedy, 1993) provides a framework for understanding these main effects. The theory suggests that burnout occurs when certain valued resources are lost, are inadequate to meet demands, or do
Perkins never doubted that Roosevelt would occupy the White House, but she really entertained no illusions of joining him in a position of national eminence and relevance. Up to then, her work had been centred on New York State and her family life and social activities tied her to New York City. When she was appointed Secretary of Labour, Perkins was a robust and energetic woman in her early fifties with thirty years of experience to qualify her for the work. Her reluctance to accept the post had been genuine at first, but she later admitted that she had to accept the appointment proposed simply because no other woman had ever been asked to do it before in the United States. At the very first meeting, members of the Cabinet shared a sense of nervous excite- ment as they took their places as the «board of directors of the nation», and some of them expressed their reservations about the premature recognition of a woman, on a clear reference to Frances Perkins.
listed firms, dominant shareholders take important positions on boards, have a long-term horizon and have a strong influence on management (e.g., Pucheta-Martínez & López- Zamora, 2017). The role performed by institutional investors who serve as directors on boards allows them to take part in the decision-making process of firms as shareholders and directors (e.g., Weinstein & Yafeh, 1998). These directors are considered strategic directors (e.g., Oh et al., 2011) since they may provide experience and guidance, connect firms with relevant stakeholders or significant external agents, obtain external resources and formulate strategic or other important decisions of firms (Shaukat et al., 2015). Thus, institutional directors are concerned with disclosing more company information in order to maintain the prestige and public image of a company, and therefore, they tend to demonstrate active behaviour towards CSR matters by integrating environmental, social and ethical issues into businesses (Wen, 2009) in order to demonstrate commitment to stakeholders. Hence, they will try to satisfy stakeholders’ needs by encouraging the management team to report CSR issues.
A sample of relevant Stakeholders that work directly on CITES related issues were interviewed one on one for relevant data to be gathered. In all, five (5) relevant Stakeholders were interviewed individually. Among those interviewed, two of them were past officers who worked directly on CITES issues at the management authority. That is the former International Conventions Manager and one other retired officer who was an Operations Director of the Forestry Commission specifically in charge of carrying out CITES duties. In addition, one officer of the Veterinary Services Directorate at the Kotoka International Airport was also interviewed. At the Airport, the Veterinary Officers are solely responsible for the cross examination of all fauna that enters and exits the airport. In performance of their duties, it is obvious that they encounter CITES specimens in their line of duty. The two other officers interviewed were the current head of intelligence and Investigations Department of the Customs Division whose specialty is in the field of intelligence gathering and investigation of all revenue related crimes which are likely to include CITES related issues nationally and the current Operations Director of the Wildlife Division. These stakeholders were all interviewed to solicit their views directly on awareness issues of CITES and the challenges that are associated with awareness issues as well as what can be done to improve on CITES awareness issues in Ghana. The five (5) officers who were interviewed were part of the 73 respondents and for that matter 91% of respondents from whom data was obtained.
The presence and variety of mobile devices in Spanish homes, regardless of the social and economic con-text, has been widespread for years. Several studies focus on parental mediation in children’s consumption of smart devices, however, there is a lack of scientific evidence about how the educational level and the professional profile of parents affect children’s digital media consumption. This study analyzes the influence of the socio-educational levelof families on the consumption of digital screens. The study deepens the understanding on the educational levelof parents, as well as their professional category. A quantitative methodology was applied on a sample of 792 primary school children, between 5 and 9 years of age, in three Spanish cities. The consumption of television, smartphones, tablets, computers and videogames was analyzed. Results indicate that, the lower the levelof education and professional category of the mother, the greater the consumption of content through smart devices by children. The study demonstrates, there-fore, the importance of considering the educational and professional levels of mothers and fathers for a better understanding of the consumption of digital screens and, at the same time, as an opportunity for designing family strategies that encourage critical thinking and digital media education.
competencies by category and reaffirmed the need the profession has of advancing to a higher levelof occupational competency, a higher degree of professional autonomy, and exercise of direction. Their work also proposed the necessity of analyzing and defining competencies according to the population needs, work scenarios, and formation purposes; submitting them to consideration by employer and formation institutions for validation and recognition of scientific-technical, technological, humanistic, and social knowledge. Prior studies have enhanced knowledge on competencies in nursing, but do not exhaust investigation in this field and less so regarding the topic of management; on the contrary, suggest it to have significances and clearer disciplinary and professional actions. Due to this, our research sought to identify the main management competencies for the performance of nursing professionals and indicate some strategies that must be implemented within the educational setting.
Abstract: This study pretends to understand, through speech analysis, the commitment to bioethics of dentistry students, who participate in the process of clinical training. Through a qualitative methodology the object of study was approached in its natural setting. Data collection was carried out through diverse information sources. The instruments used were docu- mental analysis, observation without participating and semi structure interviews. In order to analyze data, meaningful topics were identified, determining units to record for categorizing information. To understand the processes involved, empirical information is shown by describing tendencies. These describe empirical information using indicators for each category. The analysis builds the meaning of information recorded. It is concluded that communication, trust and responsibility are indicators of scarce development in general. Speech analysis, under the perspective of students, reveals diverse visions about teaching practices related to bioethics commitment, raising the need to reconsider these practices in order to contribute to a professional training of real social commitment.
La innovación es una capacidad estratégica para las organizaciones debido a que enfrentan nuevos y mayores desafíos, tales como el procesamiento de una gran cantidad de información y conocimiento como responder de forma rápida a un entorno cambiante cada vez más incierto. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar empíricamente un modelo que presenta tres relaciones causales entre construcciones teóricas en un grupo of 250 pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYMES) del Estado de Aguascalientes. La primera es si el compromiso organizacional tiene una influencia positiva y significativa en los niveles de orientación al aprendizaje; en segundo término, se verifica si el compromiso organizacional tiene una influencia positiva y significativa en los niveles de innovación; y por último si la orientación al aprendizaje impacta de forma positiva y significativa en el nivel de innovación. El modelo propuesto se valida, y presenta buenos niveles de ajuste, a través del análisis estructural usando la estrategia de modelaje confirmatorio. Se presentan resultados que señalan que el compromiso organizacional sí impacta de manera positiva y significativa en los niveles de orientación al aprendizaje en la organización. Se concluye también que la orientación hacia el aprendizaje influye de forma positiva y significativa en la innovación de las PYMEs de Aguascalientes. Sin embargo, el compromiso organizacional no muestra influencia positiva significativa en la innovación de las PYMEs de Aguascalientes.
on the analysis of practices based on principles related to SC and carried out in different academic contexts. This fact strengthens the idea that we are wor- king on the definition of a field still under construction and that there is much to do and conceptualize about. On the other hand, this is a field constructed in the academic sphere, but also through management and agents’ practices. In this regard, it differs from other fields in that it is much more influenced by practices, institutional decisions and geopolitical aspects. As this kind of analysis moves forward, it will certainty contribute to a greater specification of the field and the meaning of USC. Additionally, it may give visibility to how the calling for action made during the CRES and the WCHE was channeled, to the concrete lines of action implemented by HEIs and to what extent insti- tutional public policies were transformed as regards teaching, research and extension.
Also, he claims the independence of the different intelligences while some authors anticipated the emergence of common factors. Some studies have used the techniques of exploratory (EFA) and confi rmatory analysis (CFA) in order to study the independence of multiple intelligences assessed by performance-based tasks. Of them, some have provided evidence of the multifactorial structure of the MI theory, for example, Plucker, Callahan and Tomchin (1996) and Ferrándiz, Prieto, Ballester, and Bermejo (2004) analyzed the psychometric properties of a set of assessment tasks of the Spectrum Project through an EFA with varimax rotation, showing partial evidence of the independence of the multiple intelligences. A second group of studies have proven some convergence between the Gardner’s multiple intelligences. For example, Visser, Asthon, and Vernon (2006) provided evidence of a large g factor having substantial loadings for tests assessing purely cognitive abilities (i.e., Linguistic, Logical-Mathematical, Spatial, Naturalistic), but lower loadings for tests measuring non-cognitive abilities (i.e., Bodily-Kinesthetic, Music) through an EFA. Indeed, Gridley (2002) and Castejón, Pérez, and Gilar (2010) have found that Gardner’s multiple intelligences are not completely independent of each other but they cannot be grouped into a general factor of intelligence using a CFA. Finally a third group of authors support the idea that the tasks proposed by Gardner in the Spectrum Project may not differ substantially from classical tests, anticipating that the MI test scores present a regular convergence into a single factor using both EFA (Pyryt, 2000) and CFA (Almeida et al., 2010).
Scale for Satisfaction of Psychological Needs. The Spanish version (Moreno-Murcia, Marzo, Martínez-Galindo, & Conte-Marín, 2011) of the Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise Scale (PNSE; Wilson, Rogers, Rodgers, & Wild, 2010).The questionnaire included 18 items (six items in each subscale) for measuring the competence factor (e.g., "I believe I can do the exercises that are a personal challenge”), the autonomy factor (e.g., “I believe I can choose the exercises in which I participate”) and the relatedness factor (e.g., "I feel close to my team mates because they accept me as. I am.") The introductory statement was "In my training sessions ...” The answers were given on a Likert scale with a response range from 1 to 6, where 1 corresponded to “False” and 6 to “true”. The original Cronbach alpha values for validation to the Spanish context were .80 for perceived competence, .69 perceived autonomy and relatedness .73. The alpha values of the scale were .76 for the competence factor and .75 for the relatedness factor. The unreliability of the autonomy factor made it necessary to remove this psychological mediator for this study.
The study of academic engagement is valid if it considerer how, in recent years, the dropout rate of students at the higher level has increased.In this frame, we are interested in exploring what is the link that exists between the mentioned construct and the temporary orientation of the students is. In this framework, we present the research where 110 first year students of a Teachers Training College of the Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (CABA) participated and completed the Academic Engagement Scale (Daura and Durand, in press) and the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (Zimbardo and Boyd, 1999). The aim of the study was to analyze their levelof engagement with their studies and what temporary factors predominate in them; and also, to investigate the link that exists between the levels of academic engagement and the temporal orientation.
To determine the levelof creativity and self-organization of students, two psychodiagnostic tools were used: “The scale of personal creativity” (E.E. Tunik) and “The scale of self-organization” (A.D. Ishkov and N.G. Miloradova). The “Personal Creativity Scale” (E.E. Tunik) was used to measure four factors that closely correlate with the creative manifestations of the personality (risk appetite, curiosity, imagination and complexity), and to calculate the total indicator of the levelof personal creativity. The objectivity of the data on creativity as a stable personality construct and the four factors correlating with creative manifestations of the personality is evidenced by the Cronbach Coefficient. In particular, for each factor (scale), the Cronbach Alpha Coefficient is more than 0.65 and, as a whole, in the questionnaire is 0.703. The indicators of the Cronbach Alpha Coefficient allow us to exclude duality in the interpretation of the obtained empirical data. The data were averaged. Higher values of the variables indicated a higher levelof student creativity.