Metabolizable energy

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Phosphorus bioavailability, amino acid digestibility and metabolizable energy of broiler chick diets supplemented with low oil distillers dried grains with solubles

Phosphorus bioavailability, amino acid digestibility and metabolizable energy of broiler chick diets supplemented with low oil distillers dried grains with solubles

Phosphorus (P) bioavailability, crude protein (CP), amino acid (AA) digestibil- ity, and apparent metabolizable energy (AME n ) were determined in broiler chick diets, supplemented with one of two low-oil distiller’s dried grains with solubles (oil contents 6.54% and 5.35% for DDGS A and B, respectively). Diets were provided ad libitum in a mash form, from days 8 to 21 of age. In Experiment 1, one day old male broiler chicks (n=210) were assigned to one of 7 treatments, with 3 replicates of 10 birds each. Animals in treat- ment 1 (T1) were fed a basal diet formulated to be deficient in nonphytate P (0.14%). Birds in T2 and T3 received the basal diet supplemented with 0.05% or 0.10% of P from monodicalcium phosphate (MCP), respectively. Phosphorus from DDGS was added to diets in T4 (0.05% from DDGS A), T5 (0.1% from DDGS A), T6 (0.05% from DDGS B) and T7 (0.1% from DDGS B). Percent of inclusion of DDGS was dictated by total P content as determined by chemical analyses. Growth performance and P intake were assessed in all birds. Phosphorus bioavailability was determined using the slope ratio assay, with tibia ash as the response variable. For Experiment 2, one-day-old male broiler chicks (n=200), were assigned to 5 treatments with 4 replicates of 10 birds each. A sorghum-soya control diet was given to ani- mals in T1. Treatments 2 and 3 included this same diet supplemented with either 5% or 10% of DDGS A. Birds in T4 and 5 received the control diet with either- 5% or 10% of DDGS B. Amino acid digestibility was measured from ileal contents in 7 euthanized birds from each group at day 21. Apparent metabolizable energy was determined in oven dried feces from all animals during the last 3 days of the experiment. Weight gain and feed consumption
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Respuesta de los parmetros productivos de pollos de engorda a diferentes niveles de energa metabolizable

Respuesta de los parmetros productivos de pollos de engorda a diferentes niveles de energa metabolizable

1440 Hybro broiler chickens were randomly distri- butcd in S treatmentgroups in a factorial arrangement; 4 metabolizable energy (ME) levels per adjustment or not of nutrients, Starting, growing and finishing feeds contained 2990, 3020, 30S0, 3110; 3030, 3060, 3120, 3150 3150, 31S0, 3240, 3270 Kcal ME/kg offeed, respectively. In every stage the following crude protein (CP) contentswereused: 22, 19.4and IS.3;methyonine plus cystine: .SS, .S3 and .SO; lysine: 1.22, 1.90 and 1.0; calcium: 1.0, .96 and .S6 and available phosphorus: .45, .42 and .40%. Results after 52 days indicated no statistical differences on bodyweight, feed consumption nor in feed conversion. No significant differences were found in abdominal fat and pigmentation. This data showed that increasing ME levels in diets for starting, growing and fmishing diets which range from 2990 to 3110, 3030 to 3150 and 3150 to 3270 Kcal/kg does not affcct broiler performance.
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ENERGÍA METABOLIZABLE EN REPRODUCTORAS PESADAS: FACTORES QUE AFECTAN LOS REQUERIMIENTOS RESUMEN

ENERGÍA METABOLIZABLE EN REPRODUCTORAS PESADAS: FACTORES QUE AFECTAN LOS REQUERIMIENTOS RESUMEN

Nutrición Animal Tropical 7(1): 51-69. ISSN: 2215-3527/ 2013 Knowledge of the improvements in the utilization of the energy could lead to more specifically formulated feeds and a reduction in feed costs. That is why it is important to know: What is the daily metabolizable energy (ME) requirement for today’s broiler breeder hen at peak production and during the complete 40 week production period? Do the requirements change as the breeders’ age and egg production decreases? What is the effect of the environment where the birds live? A better understanding of the answers for these questions can help develop adequate nutritional recommendations for the modern broiler breeder hens.
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Diferentes niveles de energía metabolizable y aminoácidos azufrados en dietas para gallinas Bovans blancas

Diferentes niveles de energía metabolizable y aminoácidos azufrados en dietas para gallinas Bovans blancas

PALABRAS CLAVE: Peso de huevo, Energía metabolizable, Acido linoleico, Aminoácidos azufrados digestibles. ABSTRACT In order to evaluate the performance early egg production in the white Bovans hen fed diets with different levels of metabolizable energy (ME) and digestible methionine + cystine (AAD), to reduce the percentage of small eggs (<42 g ), three hundred and eighty four (384) hens 19-wk of age were used in a completely randomized design in a factorial arrangement of 4 X 2 where the first factor were the levels of ME (2700, 2800, 2900, 3000 Kcal/kg) and the second factor was the inclusion of two levels of ADD (0.45, 0.61). Each treatment had four replications of 12 hens each. Egg production, egg weight, feed intake, egg mass and feed conversion were weekly measured for 8 wk, moreover, were classified according to egg weight. The results showed no effect for main factors and level of interaction between ME and the AAD for productive traits; an effect was found for feed intake and energy levels of sulfur amino acid levels (P<0.05). Higher levels of 2900 and 3000 ME kcal/kg (29.6 and 30.4 % respectively) reduced the percentage of small eggs. Percentage of large eggs was increased in 3 % by using diets with 0.61 % AAD level (P<0.05).
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Efecto de los niveles de energía metabolizable y proteína sobre el desempeño zootécnico de codornices en postura

Efecto de los niveles de energía metabolizable y proteína sobre el desempeño zootécnico de codornices en postura

This study, carried out in the University of the Llanos, aimed to determine the optimal level of metabolizable energy and protein quail (Coturnix japonica) in laying phase. We used 480 quails 10 weeks old and 94±10 g of initial weight, distributed in a completely randomized experimental design, 4x4 factorial arrangement, with four levels of metabolizable energy (2750, 2850, 2950 and 3050 kcal EM.kg 1) , and four levels of crude protein (17.5, 19.0, 20.5 and 22.0%), with three replicates and 10 birds. The trial lasted 24 weeks, during which water and food were supplied at will. The results were processed in the SAEG program (2007), subjected to analysis of variance and polynomial regression. The results showed no interaction between the levels of metabolizable energy and protein, which means the factors acted independently. Analyzing each factor, a quadratic influence (p <0.05) was observed on egg production. The egg production was increased (91%) to the level of 2750 kcal of EM.kg 1 and 20.5% crude protein. These levels provided a feed conversion related dozen eggs/ ___________________
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8 Lee mas

Efecto de los niveles de energía metabolizable y proteína sobre el desempeño zootécnico de codornices en postura

Efecto de los niveles de energía metabolizable y proteína sobre el desempeño zootécnico de codornices en postura

Abstract This study, carried out in the University of the Llanos, aimed to determine the optimal level of metabolizable energy and protein quail (Coturnix japonica) in laying phase. We used 480 quails 10 weeks old and 94±10 g of initial weight, distributed in a completely randomized experimental design, 4x4 factorial arrangement, with four levels of metabolizable energy (2750, 2850, 2950 and 3050 kcal EM.kg 1) , and four levels of crude protein (17.5, 19.0, 20.5 and 22.0%), with three replicates and 10 birds. The trial lasted 24 weeks, during which water and food were supplied at will. The results were processed in the SAEG program (2007), subjected to analysis of variance and polynomial regression. The results showed no interaction between the levels of metabolizable energy and protein, which means the factors acted independently. Analyzing each factor, a quadratic influence (p <0.05) was observed on egg production. The egg production was increased (91%) to the level of 2750 kcal of EM.kg 1 and 20.5% crude protein. These levels provided a feed conversion related dozen eggs/ ___________________
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8 Lee mas

Bluetooth Low Energy

Bluetooth Low Energy

Des de la creació del protocol Buetooth, l’any 1994, el protocol ha anat evolucionant en versions successives, cada vegada millorades respecte l’anterior, i a més sent de compatibilitat cap avall, que permet que l’últim estàndard compleixi totes les especificacions del anterior. La última versió, la 4.0, incorpora la tecnologia de baix consum BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy), que és molt ben rebuda per el mercat, sobre tot per els dispositius de funcionament constant com els mòbils, PDA’s o tauletes, les quals, fins ara no es podien permetre el luxe de mantenir activat el protocol de comunicació Bluetooth de forma permanent ja que consumia les seves bateries molt més despresa.
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Bluetooth low energy

Bluetooth low energy

L’especificació Bluetooth Core v3.0 + HS permet l’ús de Generic Alternate MAC/PHY AMP, permetent als ja coneguts protocols Bluetooth, perfils, seguretat i aparellament ser utilitzat als [r]

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Queensland Energy DataBase

Queensland Energy DataBase

production, consumption, price and expenditure estimates to Members of Queensland parliament, other state agencies, researchers, analysts and the general public, and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for energy models to test the impact of different policy options. Like SEDS, the QEDB time-series are constructed for 1970 to current. 1970 is a logical starting point because it is prior to significant volatility in energy prices during the 1970s and 1980s, and provides comparison for industry restructuring which was rolled out in the late 1990s. QEDB only provides annual (financial year) data on Queensland and does not seek to provide data on the other states/territories in Australia.
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Free solar energy

Free solar energy

Aquest projecte parteix d’un supòsit on un nou govern de l’estat pren la decisió de liberalitzar el sector energètic en el que es refereix a la generació d’energia elèctrica. Degut a aquest hipotètic fet, i també degut a un altre hipotètic avanç tecnològic en la captació i acumulació d’energia solar, un grup d’emprenedors decideix fundar una empresa subministradora d’energia anomenada “Free Solar Energy“ (d’aquí en endavant FSE).

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Digestibilidad y energías digestible y metabolizable del azúcar y el ñame en cerdos

Digestibilidad y energías digestible y metabolizable del azúcar y el ñame en cerdos

3.899 cal/gro para la energía digestible del azúcar, determinado en este experimento, 108.. valores obtenidos por los mismos investigadores en novillos.[r]

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Energía Metabolizable y Eficiencia Neta de Crecimiento Bajo el Efecto de Variaciones Medioambientales en el Camarón

Energía Metabolizable y Eficiencia Neta de Crecimiento Bajo el Efecto de Variaciones Medioambientales en el Camarón

El presente trabajo ofrece un análisis del flujo de la energía metabolizable y la eficiencia neta de crecimiento del camarón café, Penaeus californiensis, por efecto de variaciones en la temperatura y en el nivel de oxígeno. Información que relaciona una combinación de 3 temperaturas y 2 niveles de oxígeno disuelto en el crecimiento y el metabolismo respiratorio del camarón fue evaluada. La información generada contribuirá a mejorar el conocimiento de la fisiología de la especie, en el manejo adecuado del sistema de cultivo y uso eficaz de los recursos.

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Determinación de la energía metabolizable verdadera de varias fuentes de carbohidratos utilizadas para la alimentación de aves

Determinación de la energía metabolizable verdadera de varias fuentes de carbohidratos utilizadas para la alimentación de aves

Para el análisis de los resultados se utilizó la formula de energía metabolizable verdadera propuesta por Sibbald 1979. Los resultados obtenidos demostraron que el rechazo de harina de maíz nixtamalizado aporta mayor cantidad de energía metabolizable verdadera(4.088 Kcal/Kg), seguido del maíz molido (3478 Kcal/Kg) y finalmente la harina de banano verde con cáscara (3,335 Kcal/Kg). Sin embargo, los tres ingredientes demostraron llenar los requisitos para aves como fuente de energía.

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unit-7-energy

unit-7-energy

Today we still use_____________, like oil, coal and natural gas, for our energy. These fuels are called____________ energy sources because they can´t be replaced. We also use_____________, but this produces nuclear waste. We can use__________ example is__________, but people complain about the turbines. A third example is _____________, but the dams and reservoirs are very expensive. Finally, there is the possibility of using ____________ to make biofuels, but these also release dangerous gases.

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Smart Energy Concepts:

Smart Energy Concepts:

13% 12% 7% 29% 14% 11% 6% 6% 0% Total de medidas Número de Iniciativas (650) Motores combustión interna y turbina vapor Flotas y maquinaria móvil ERNC Capacitación, monitoreo [r]

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CANACOL ENERGY LTD.

CANACOL ENERGY LTD.

Dado lo anterior, con el fin de encontrar los flujos de caja futuros derivados de sus ingresos se elaboró la siguiente tabla donde se estiman las cantidades producidas por cada pozo en el periodo de tiempo comprendido entre el año 2013 y el año 2018. Esta proyección está basada en la información que ofrece la empresa a través de sus estados financieros en cuanto a los valores de las reservas y de la producción de barriles de petróleo diarios que tienen los pozos explotados por Canacol Energy.

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electric energy point

electric energy point

EEPOINT - Electric Energy Point www.dominiambiental.com Estaciones de Esquí Las estaciones de esquí, brindarían la posibilidad de implementar una red de rutas con bicicletas FAT BIKES eléctricas, pensadas para ir sobre la nieve; haciendo posible la oferta de alquiler de las mismas y ampliando las posibilidades de su negocio.

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Muscle energy metabolism

Muscle energy metabolism

Muscle Energy Metabolism Summary Human ability to move the skeleton, but also the function of organs are dependent on muscle contraction and initiation of the muscles. The muscle contraction itself depends on two proteins, actin and myosin, and the nucleotide ATP. The main task of the energy metabolism of muscle is to ensure sufficient quantities of ATP for contraction and movement. Depending on the intensity and duration of exercise, regeneration of ATP can be carried out through the phosphagen system, the degradation of glucose to pyruvate or lactate or by oxidative phosphorylation.
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Valuación de NextEra Energy

Valuación de NextEra Energy

En segundo lugar, calculamos el EV/EBITDA y P/E de las empresas mencionadas para los 5 años previos al análisis. Con esta información ordenamos a las empresas en un ranking basándonos en sus valores para EV/EBITDA y P/E. Si a lo largo de los años las empresas cambiaron su posición en el ranking entonces consideramos que el ratio promedio entre comparables (o su mediana) es un buen estimador para el ratio de la empresa objetivo y entonces sería correcto utilizar el valor del múltiplo promedio de la industria para valuar NextEra Energy. En cambio, si existe un orden particular para todos los años entonces creemos que es preferible preservar la lógica encontrada en el ranking histórico para determinar el valor del múltiplo de la empresa en lugar de utilizar un promedio o mediana.
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CANACOL ENERGY LTD.

CANACOL ENERGY LTD.

Hipótesis: descubrimiento de nuevos pozos, aumento en el netback, negociación y adquisición de nuevos contratos, alianza con socios estratégicos de talla mundial y producción d[r]

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