Methodological approach

Top PDF Methodological approach:

Social involvement in rural areas. A methodological approach

Social involvement in rural areas. A methodological approach

Abstract. Community development must be accompanied by a social involvement process which creates functional groups of citizens capable of taking responsibility for their own development. It is important that this process promotes a structure for all population groups and provides the appropriate institutional and technical support. The present paper addresses these issues from a methodological approach based on over 25 years of experience by the Institute of Community Development of Cuenca in revitalizing rural areas of the Spanish province of Cuenca. The long-term perspective of this experience provides some keys which can be used to successfully support the process of social involvement in rural areas.
Show more

8 Read more

A methodological approach for trustworthiness assessment and prediction in mobile online collaborative learning

A methodological approach for trustworthiness assessment and prediction in mobile online collaborative learning

The most relevant findings that emerge from the results presented in this paper, are related to trustworthiness methodological applications and trustworthiness prediction models. Regarding the trustworthiness methodology pro- posed, we supported the application and deployment of the methodology in two real online courses. The learning activities performed in the course were designed following the theoretical features, phases, data, and processes of our methodological approach. With respect to trustworthiness prediction, we demonstrated the feasibility of our neural network prediction approach. Regarding the overall error prediction, the results revealed a notable similarity between the test and predicted values. From these results, we were able to detect anomalous user assessment. From these data, 2 students, whose error prediction is greater than 3%, were found anomalous and required further investigation.
Show more

22 Read more

A methodological approach to identify teacher's ICT competencies in online learning environments in Higher Education

A methodological approach to identify teacher's ICT competencies in online learning environments in Higher Education

From the literature reviewed, the term competency has been subjected to multiple interpretations. In general, there are two clear approaches: one viewing competency as a personal skill or ability, linked to behaviour efficiency (Eraut, 1998; McClelland, 1998; Spencer and Spencer, 1993), and another approach which understands competency as strategic behaviour, linked to the possibility of adjusting performance to the context demands. In our opinion, the latter approach seems more suited to refer to teacher competencies, whose exercise must unavoidably respond to the peculiarities of their given educational context. Accepting the social nature of competencies implies that it is the actors, and their expectations, who determine and shape the content of the competencies required to successfully perform in specific professional contexts (Eraut, 1998; Gonzi et al., 1993; Westera, 2001).Taking this into account, we adopted an operative concept as defined by Eraut (1998) and DESECO (2002), who essentially define a competency as a system of complex actions including the knowledge, abilities and attitudes required for the successful completion of tasks. This configuration as a whole can be summoned to act effectively on certain demands from social practice, that is to say, external social demands, capabilities, individual disposition and context are all part of the complex nature of competencies.
Show more

5 Read more

Quantifying the relationship between food sharing practices and socio ecological variables in small scale societies: A cross cultural multi methodological approach

Quantifying the relationship between food sharing practices and socio ecological variables in small scale societies: A cross cultural multi methodological approach

This article presents a cross-cultural study of the relationship among the subsistence strate- gies, the environmental setting and the food sharing practices of 22 modern small-scale societies located in America (n = 18) and Siberia (n = 4). Ecological, geographical and eco- nomic variables of these societies were extracted from specialized literature and the publicly available D-PLACE database. The approach proposed comprises a variety of quantitative methods, ranging from exploratory techniques aimed at capturing relationships of any type between variables, to network theory and supervised-learning predictive modelling. Results provided by all techniques consistently show that the differences observed in food sharing practices across the sampled populations cannot be explained just by the differential distri- bution of ecological, geographical and economic variables. Food sharing has to be inter- preted as a more complex cultural phenomenon, whose variation over time and space cannot be ascribed only to local adaptation.
Show more

31 Read more

Methodological approach for interactive preliminary-design

Methodological approach for interactive preliminary-design

(Chiu and Bloebaum, 2009) propose a visualisation method that allows users to explore the desired design space, for generating new design candidates in an optimisation problem solved by Hyperspace Pareto Frontier. The proposed visualisation method is a Hyper-Radial Visualisation (HRV) which is based on a radial calculation concept to transfer high-dimensional data to a low-dimensional data representation. Some features of the Hyper-Radial Visualisation are: i) They can be used to enable implementation of trade-off studies ii) The radius of each Pareto point corresponds to a function of its normalised objective function values iii) Grouping objective functions will result in the Pareto point falling on the same indifference curve. In the work, authors develop an interactive graphical computer tool that assists the decision-making process by the implementation of a design steering approach. This approach enables designers to change the parameters of a problem to turn the design solution, rather than waiting for the algorithm finish its computation in order to get results (Chiu and Bloebaum, 2009). This method seems to show its better performance in Pareto-front decision-making, allowing designers to localise the best solution in the neighbourhood, if no other better solutions can be found.
Show more

382 Read more

Nutrition and physical activity programs for obesity treatment (PRONAF study). methodological approach of the project

Nutrition and physical activity programs for obesity treatment (PRONAF study). methodological approach of the project

The PRONAF study is the first randomized controlled intervention study performed in Spanish overweight and obese adults without any other associated disease with the aim of losing weight and improving several health-related parameters by means of combining caloric restriction and controlled training programs. One of the strengths of the PRONAF study is the multidisciplinary approach. A group of professionals and researchers with expertise in a specific field: physical activity and fitness, nutrition, body composition, genetics and biochemical markers have designed together the study protocols after an in- depth review of the state of the art in the literature [8-40]. Exercise protocols were tested in healthy subjects and study protocols harmonized in a pilot study [70,71].
Show more

24 Read more

Methodological Approach to the Design of Digital Discourse Corpora in Spanish. Proposal of the CÓDICE Project

Methodological Approach to the Design of Digital Discourse Corpora in Spanish. Proposal of the CÓDICE Project

Multimodality refers to the property of integrating multisensory data present in certain discourses, exceeding what is traditionally considered as verbal language (Jewitt & Kess, 2001). With the evolution of interfaces, multimodality is increasingly present in the digital discourse. In a first step, Herring (1999, 2001) conceived and characterized digital discourse as text-only, i.e., as a strictly textual phenomenon, while in more recent work, she preferred to approach it from a multimodal perspective (Bourlai & Herring, 2014, Herring, 2015). Currently, she distinguishes platforms where the exchange is mainly textual from Interactive Multimodal Platforms (IMPs) which comprise multimodal content within a conversational thread and orient the exchange towards that combination. This aspect, essential to digital communication, poses a profound challenge both for the collection and the transcription of samples.
Show more

6 Read more

A Methodological Approach for the Valuation of Callable Bonds in Emerging Markets: The TGI example (Borrador de administración No. 9)

A Methodological Approach for the Valuation of Callable Bonds in Emerging Markets: The TGI example (Borrador de administración No. 9)

3 attributable to other risk factors. Dolly (2002) found that in average the call value of US corporate callable bonds during the period comprehended between 1973 and 1994 was 2,25% of par, and that the price patterns are consistent with the ones that one should expect from commonly used option pricing models. In the specific case of TGI, there is an additional risk factor that has to been taken into account which is country risk. The problems that an investor faces with sovereign risk are not easy to handle because there are a series of factors than can affect the spread attributable to this specific kind of risk. For example Eichengreen and Moody (1999) found that market sentiment was instrumental in determining emerging market spreads in 1996-1994. Also, according to Erb et al. (1999), one the greatest challenges in emerging markets bond valuation is the nature of the term structure of interest rates. Given the fact that in times of crisis, their returns are highly correlated with those of emerging market equities, this generates tracking errors that alter the nature of the term structure of interest rates in those markets over certain periods of time. This means that when dealing with emerging market issues, such as the one used as an example in this paper, one has to be careful in using models that really capture the short and long term volatility that affect interest rates relevant to the debt issue under scrutiny. Finally, our specific objective is to demonstrate via a practical example how the binomial pricing model can be used to determine the OAS and the specific risk of a callable bond of issued by a company that is located in an emerging market by using a market based approach in incorporating the company’s country risk spread.
Show more

27 Read more

SUSTAINABLE PRINCIPLES APPLIED TO NOISE CONTROL MANAGEMENT: A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH

SUSTAINABLE PRINCIPLES APPLIED TO NOISE CONTROL MANAGEMENT: A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH

Technological innovation is related either to a process, product or to a new management approach. How can innovations contribute to noise control policies? Along the last decades, technologies have improved information requirements for inputs and outputs of environmental impacts, that includes noise, since is considered as waste in the production chain. From the nineties on, globalization brought the word integration into systems. Today, the question of how conjectures will survive concomitant attending environmental laws is a subject of speculation. On the past years of ISO 14.000, according to Kinlaw [1], there was an upgrade from total quality management to total environmental quality management with Certifications and Eco- labels.
Show more

6 Read more

Working With People model as a methodological approach to enhance social capital in Spanish rural areas

Working With People model as a methodological approach to enhance social capital in Spanish rural areas

planning is based on top -down approach. Secondly, Policy Analysis is based in the same top-down approach but the difference lies on bureaucracy (Friedmann, 1987). In this regard, Policy Analysis is seen as an internal function of governance, advised by the experts to make decisions, supported by assessments and sophisticated models of simulation. Thirdly, Social Mobilization is characterized by a radical tendency which its deepest roots are in the three oppositional movements of utopianism, social anarchism, and historical materialism and is characterized by the spontaneous opposition and the principles of mutualism and cooperation. Finally, Social Learning model is a correlative process between knowledge and action, and it involves the action itself, tactics and political strategy, theories of reality, and values. In this last model, decisions are embedded in a learning process that flows from the attempt to change reality through practice. In this model, actor and learner are assumed to be one and the same and involve agents who encourage, guide, and assis t an actor in the process of changing reality. They are generally professionals who bring certain kinds of formal knowledge to the ongoing social practice of their group.
Show more

5 Read more

An information security model based on trustworthiness for enhancing security in on line collaborative learning

An information security model based on trustworthiness for enhancing security in on line collaborative learning

In Miguel et al. (2014a), a trustworthiness model for the design of secure collaborative learning e-assessment in CSCL is proposed is proposed. In this paper, we presented an innovative approach for modelling trustworthiness in the context of secure learning as- sessment in on-line collaborative learning groups. The study showed the need to propose a hybrid assessment model which combined technological security solutions and func- tional trustworthiness measures. This approach was based on trustworthiness factors, indicators and levels which allowed us to discover how trustworthiness evolves into the learning system. We proposed several research instruments for collecting students’ data. Since extracting and structuring LMS data is a costly process, a parallel processing approach was proposed, which was fully developed and tested in Miguel et al. (2015b). In Miguel et al. (2015b), a trustworthiness-based approach for the design of secure learn- ing activities in on-line learning groups was proposed by the presentation of guidelines of a holistic holistic security model in on-line collaborative learning through an effective trustworthiness approach. To this end, we first motivated the need to improve inform- ation security in e-Learning and in particular in CSCL activities. Then, we proposed a methodological approach to build a security model for CSCL activities with the aim to enhance standard technological security solutions with trustworthiness factors and rules. As a result, the guidelines of a holistic security model in on-line collaborative learning through an effective trustworthiness approach were first proposed. However, as learners’ trustworthiness analysis involves dealing with large amount of data gen- erated along learning activities, processing this information is computationally costly, especially if required in real-time. To this end, and as a main contribution of this paper, we developed and tested a parallel processing approach that can considerably decrease the time of data processing, thus allowing for building relevant trustworthiness models to support learning activities even in real-time.
Show more

122 Read more

Automatic diagnosis of voltage disturbances in power distribution networks

Automatic diagnosis of voltage disturbances in power distribution networks

It has been proposed a methodological approach for the automatic identification of fault causes produced by external factors based on simple features that are extracted from voltage disturbances recorded in distribution networks. Ten features, related to underlying physical phenomena between external factors and the power line during the fault, have been analyzed. The performance of these features is presented for a given set of events in a way that it can be easily reproduced by other sets of events. A descriptive analysis of features, for each cause, has been combined with MANOVA and the use of CN2 to automatically extract rules covering the maximum number of instances in the data set. Consistency of results given by the three approaches reinforces the confidence on this analysis of the features and also on the representativeness of the data set despite the number of events not being significantly large.
Show more

185 Read more

How to teach spanish as a second language based on a textual progression method

How to teach spanish as a second language based on a textual progression method

ABSTRACT: In this paper the basic characteristics of a new approach based on a textual progression are discussed. Textual progression essentially encompasses a gradation criterion based on thematic and pragmatic relevancy, the development of a communicative competence adapted to the situation, the context under consideration of different communicative intentions and types of text, as well as different themes, related to the learning needs of the students in question. A written text, –complex and finished, that includes all kinds of linguistic materials– is one that inspires the reader to think about the different linguistic, cultural or other aspects that it brings to light. It will be the pupil himself, as an autonomous being, who determines his own grammatical advance. As a practical example, the third part of the first lesson of Spanish as a foreign language at level A2 1 is shown below, following a new methodological approach called Collage
Show more

13 Read more

Impact of the visible thinking approach in the EFL class atmosphere. A classroom based research submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for seminar course and for obtaining the degree of teacher of english

Impact of the visible thinking approach in the EFL class atmosphere. A classroom based research submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for seminar course and for obtaining the degree of teacher of english

Among the positive outcomes that can be highlighted, there is evidence of students’ empowerment with the visible thinking approach. This situation has been facilitated by the scout curriculum of the school, resulting into a strong alliance of methods. Students feel that their teachers are close to them and that they can be trusted, incrementing the sensation of the temporal success of the method, which according to evidence was implemented as a need of the school community, after realizing that the vision of Father Roberto Polain was weak after some years, and that the community needed a methodological approach that could fit with the project of the school.
Show more

38 Read more

TítuloScientific prediction in Nicholas Rescher's Conception : philosophico methodological analysis

TítuloScientific prediction in Nicholas Rescher's Conception : philosophico methodological analysis

Therefore, the predictive statement should be made on the basis of reasons that make it credible before the fact or development predicted happens. In this way, it is also possible to attribute correctness to it. In Rescher’s account, credibility has more weight than truth when prediction is analyzed from the point of view of language. A prophecy can be true; but it cannot serve as a guide for human action because it does not have an inferential basis that allows us to think that it is credible and correct. As a consequence of this, the meaningful character of a prediction — the third feature pointed out above — rests (in Rescher’s judgment) on use conditions instead of truth conditions. Because meaningfulness — in his approach — derives form the activity of communication and, in that case, is contextual.
Show more

322 Read more

Cultural awareness worksheets to enhance oral communication skills

Cultural awareness worksheets to enhance oral communication skills

After implementing all the instruments during the intervention, it was necessary to organize and analyze the data collected. For this research study, I selected the grounded approach, Jolly and Bolitho (1998), which was used to identify the categories and subcategories. Charmaz (2008) defined grounded approach as “a systematic, inductive approach to collecting and analyzing data to develop theoretical analyses. The method also includes checking emergent categories that emerge from successive level of analysis through hypothetical and deductive reasoning” (p. 115). Considering the author’s definition, I looked for the repeated patterns or commonalities from the three data instruments (students’ artefacts, field notes, and video recording). Then, I organized the information using the color-coding technique for reducing it and identifying the emergent categories and subcategories. To this respect, Zieman identified the color coding technique as “an effective way to begin thematic analysis of written data” (as cited in Klein, 2012, p. 62). This is a method to organize information with the objective of answering the research question.
Show more

124 Read more

TítuloScientific prediction in Nicholas Rescher's Conception : philosophico methodological analysis

TítuloScientific prediction in Nicholas Rescher's Conception : philosophico methodological analysis

Karl Popper, who has been especially influential in conceptions of general philosophy and methodology of science and also in methodological issues regarding economics, has a dual approach to prediction. With regard to the general realm — with predilection for physics as the most valued science — his falsifiability emphasizes the role of prediction and its role for refutation. Thus, he puts the example of Einstein and his critical attitude: the failure of prediction can lead to neglect a scientific theory. Meanwhile, regarding socio-historical prediction, Popper addresses the problem of historicism. Thus, he rejects the scientific character of socio-historical predictions in the long run and with a broad scope, while he finally admits economic predictions that are about certain kind of phenomena. 1408 To sum up, Popper shows a predictivist approach in the general methodological level and criticizes predictivism in the special methodological level. 1409
Show more

321 Read more

Barriers and facilitators to research translation into health care decision making: A scoping review

Barriers and facilitators to research translation into health care decision making: A scoping review

Our review identified 164 possible barriers or facilitators affecting implementation of health recommendations about cancer, heart and sexually transmitted diseases, through an analysis of 63 studies, although 36.5% (23 out of 63) were rated as being of poor methodological quality. Taking into account only the high and moderate methodological quality studies we saw that aspects related to patients and health professionals, as well as those related to health policies, have been studied most, while there is a lack of studies focusing on guidelines. It is somehow surprising that so little has been studied on guidelines since one would think that format, dissemination or clinical decision tools for implementing them are essential elements for guideline implementation. Given that we are dealing with knowledge translation, it is certainly unexpected that so little is reported about barriers or facilitators related to the designed tool for knowledge translation, that is, guidelines. Although considerable effort has been devoted to developing high quality guidelines, there is scarce evidence regarding how development criteria may affect their implementation. It seems, therefore, that guidelines themselves have not been sufficiently studied as a potential barrier or facilitator. So, the results of our study may be biased because of researcher choice of study object in the original papers.
Show more

6 Read more

Total physical response and the speaking skills development

Total physical response and the speaking skills development

Colegio Educadores de Chile, as long as methodological arrangements are considered. Consequently, the challenge is on implementing a systematic routine in which students are able to intertwine their spoken language with their body language. In doing so, TPR would aid and scaffold 5 th grade students’ development of speaking skills. Finally, the new meaning that I could get from this project was that reluctance towards the TPR method was not necessarily related to the context. Therefore, the effectiveness of the method would depend on its implementation rather than on the context’s
Show more

23 Read more

Descargar

Descargar

This paper explains the application of the systemic approach and system dynamics to the analysis of public policies. These approaches and their respective computer simulations allow us to model reality through mathematical models and feedback thinking and diagrams, which in turn help us to understand the possible consequences of a concrete dynamic problem. Although the use of system dynamics and computer simulation requires specialized knowledge and abilities, this approach is a valuable alternative for researchers and analysts of public policy. There are clear advantages in the use of the systemic approach and system dynamics in the analysis of public policies. Perhaps the most important is that it allows different public policy alternatives to be analyzed systematically and without the need for actual experiments or their full introduction into the reality being analyzed. In addition to explaining their theoretical and conceptual grounding, this paper proposes a series of steps for the application of system dynamics to the analysis of public policies (see Figure 11).
Show more

36 Read more

Show all 2852 documents...