The role of food safety label in fresh vegetables has received little attention in developing economies and less attention from the perspective of gender. In this context, a conceptual model was developed to explain the effect of food safety label as a moderator variable of risk perception and qualityperceived for fresh vegetables from the perspective of gender. A structural equation model was developed in central and south central Chile, using a convenience sample (n = 1114) of vegetables buyers. The main finding of the study was that for females, the food safety label moderated the effect of risk perception on perceivedquality; while for males this effect was not significant. However, given that females are primarily responsible for purchasing food, food safety labels are a tool for consumers to recognize unsafe vegetables; at the same time, it can influence the purchase decision of those consumers worried by certain risks associated with fresh vegetables.
Besides, Northen (2000) discussed that a more lately recognized practice relating to perceivedquality is that customers’ perceptions of quality prior to purchase are based on quality cues. Quality cues are any informative trigger that can be determined through the senses. Consumers have reported to have predictive soundness for the product’s quality performance upon consumption (Steenkamp 1997). Ophuis and Van Trijp (1995) argue that when seeking for selection, consumers will base cues to predict quality characteristics they desire in a product. In summary, Northen (2000) replaced the use of the term ‘search attribute’ who describes the characteristics of product quality prior to purchase to the term ‘cue’.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between self-perceivedquality of life and physical activity in Brazilian older adults. We investigated 199 individuals (117 men and 82 women) aged between 60 to 70 years old, employees of a public university. Physical activity was estimated by the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Self-perceivedquality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) questionnaire composed of four domains: physical, psychological, social relationship and environment. There was no difference in self-perceivedquality of life between men and women. In contrast, quality of life was associated with physical activity even after adjustment for gender, schooling and income. The physical domain presented the strongest association with physical inactivity (Odds Ratio = 2.70, 95% CI 1.87−3.52). Only the environment domain evaluated by WHOQOL-Bref was not associated to physical inactivity. Among the older, improved self-perceivedquality of life is positively associated to physical activity.
An other question is the extent to which such dynamic spectral-reduction processing preserves the perceivedquality of sounds. Such knowledge may be required in the near future since, with rapid technical and scientific advances in the field of auditory prostheses, the emphasis will probably shift from the mere preservation of speech intelligibility to the restitution of signals with the highest possible perceivedquality. In other words, after allowing patients to understand speech to a reasonable extent through their auditory prostheses, researchers and designers will probably soon have to face the challenge of providing these patients with high- quality signals.
The trend toward urban sprawl in European cities has led to steady growth in car usage and, consequently, to an increase in traffic levels. This has produced a rise in transport externalities, such as congestion, noise and air pollution. Sustainable urban mobility is therefore one of the current priorities for European policy makers. According to the EU Green Paper on Urban Mobility (EC, 2007), sustainable mobility seeks to address three challenges: reducing congestion; improving the quality of public transportation services to achieve a modal shift from private car to public transport; and promoting soft modes, walking and cycling.
The QualityPerceived of the Service from the perspective of satisfaction of the external customer is a basic element to understand her needs and expectations. For the advantages that this represents the main objective of this work it was the development of a procedure that enabled your analysis and measurement in a hotel of Varadero. Between the techniques and used tools, meet: Questionnaire SERVPERF, Valper Procedure and Decision Matrix W- X. To process and analysis the data were used the statistical Software. The main obtained results were the design of the procedure that did operation the process of measurement and analysis the QualityPerceived Service levels in the entity, from the calculation of the Perceived Value, obtaining appraise over the neuter value and relatively nearby to the maximum value of the scale of applied measurement.
Due to scarce resources that used to be an issue in resource allocation, tourism service practitioners should decide which aspects to change or improve. For that reason, the findings were further reviewed to find out the dimensions that cause the difference between the service qualityperceived among men and women in this study. When some dimensions are equally important, the tangible aspects, however, do not appear to be the same from the men’s and women’s perspective in this study. The tangible part was more important to differentiate the level of perceivedquality for women (rc = 0.64, CR = 4.6) than men (rc = 0.25, CR = 1.98), which in turn, affects the variance on satisfaction level. This means that women seem more focused on the tangibles cues in comparison to men. Therefore, for tourism service providers who mainly target on men’s market, they are advised to emphasize and allocate more resources and attention on relatively important aspects to men, such as reliability, considerability and empathy before they attempt to improve the tangible aspects. However, for tourism practitioners whose seek to increase the satisfaction as a whole regardless of gender differences, they have to work out all service dimensions: reliability, considerability, empathy and also the tangible aspects, because all of these four factors were found to significantly contribute to the perceived service quality, which has an impact on satisfaction for both groups.
In another study, Soyeon and Fedewa (2010), conducted a meta-analysis in which they compiled research work that had studied the relationship between various parameters of physical activity (type, intensity, organization, frequency, practice time, and responsibility for the activity) with di- fferent dimensions of emotional well-being (self-esteem, perceivedquality of life, self-concept, anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, cognitive problems, emotional symp- toms). They reported different results depending on the methodology used and the characteristics of the participants, showing that the effects of physical activity on emotional well-being were generally moderate.
This paper presents the structure and procedures, analyzes the qua- lity of healthcare, and evaluates the perceivedquality of a new organi- zational model of specialized Pharmaceutical care hospital outpatient clinics in a Hospital Pharmacy Department, focused on patients and continuity of care. This model demonstrates an improvement in health- care quality and the overall satisfaction of outpatients, through care by pharmacists highly specialized in specific conditions and treatments, coordination with the rest of the team, integration in hospital information systems, following standard operating procedures, tele-pharmacy, auto- mation, and documentation of pharmaceutical care.
Looking at the smartphone market, Anosh, Naqvi and Ghulam (2014) conducted a similar study. The objective was to investigate the factors driving purchase intention, and research was conducted through close ended questionnaires. The analysis determined that brand equity positively influenced customer purchase intention (Anosh, Naqvi & Ghulam, 2014). Later, Gunawardane (2015) carried out a research on the mobile telecommunications sector, showing that brands with stronger levels of awareness, perceivedquality, loyalty and associations had a higher purchase intention among consumers. In addition, this author reported perceivedquality as the most relevant variable in the creation of purchase intention (Gunawardane, 2015). As explained before, all of these variables are indicators of brand equity, in the case of perceivedquality one of the core ones, proving purchase intention as one of its main consequences. Therefore, considering the previous statements, the next hypothesis is presented:
Finally, we wanted to check if there was some relationship between the perceivedquality of Wikipedia and academic performance in each assessment. To that end, we will compare the mean of the perception of each quality factor for each possible grade level. In Table 6 the results of the ANOVA test are presented. Since all p-values are clearly greater than 0.05, we can conclude that there is no difference between groups. Hence, the perception of quality does not depend on the students’ grades (Hypothesis 3). This shows the robustness of the measurement of the perception of each factor, and the strong effect of Wikipedia on the improvement of academic performance (tested in Table 2).
There are many significant challenges to defining quality. First, quality is an elusive term for which there is a wide variety of interpretations depending upon the views of different stakeholders (Bobby, 2014; Campbell & Rozsnyai, 2002; Cullen, Joyce, Hassall, & Broadbent, 2003; Harvey & Green, 1993; Kemenade, Pupius, & Hardjono, 2008; Martin & Stella, 2007; Newton, 2010; Vlăsceanu, Grünberg, & Pârlea, 2007). There are four groups of stakeholders that must be considered when defining quality: providers (e.g., funding bodies and the community, taxpayers); users of products (e.g., students); users of outputs (e.g., employers); and employees of the sector (e.g., academics and administrators; Srikanthan & Dalrymple, 2003). Each group has a different perspective on quality. For example, students associate quality with the institution they attend, the program in which they enroll, and the course they complete. Conversely, employers are concerned with quality in terms of the final product, which can be demonstrated through a qualified employee pool (Harvey & Knight, 1996). Therefore, in order to define quality and attempt to establish a culture of quality in higher education, all stakeholders should be involved in the discussion to ensure that different perspectives and needs are incorporated (Bobby, 2014; Cullen et al., 2003).
Construction codes including the ACI building code play an important role when building with concrete. They attempt to preserve concrete final product by giving general guidelines that need to be taken into account during concrete fabrication; however, the aforementioned codes do not give specific recommendations regarding construction site conditions (i.e., unstructured factors) that may be present at the jobsite. Laungrungrong et al.  argued that the increasing use of concrete creates the necessity of having methods or techniques to control its quality and that failing to identify strength problems may cause project delays and cost overruns. The variability in concrete compressive strength may be caused not only by mixing incorrect quantities of its components or utilizing poor quality materials but also by concrete transportation, placement and compaction, implying that compressive strength not only depends on its production process but also on uncertain conditions on the construction site . Thus construction site conditions should be not only identified but also require special attention.
The present study found that, when compared with a wait- list control group, Biodanza was a superior stress manage- ment strategy in a sample of university students taken during the academic term. These findings demonstrate the positive effects of Biodanza on self-reported stress in young adults. Furthermore, outcomes indicate that a brief Biodanza pro- gram was correlated with decreased levels of depression in university students during the academic term. On the con- trary, the program did not result in significant improvements in sleep quality over the observed period of time.
This information can only be reliably obtained from human subjects in auditory tests. In telecommunications, such tests are typically carried out as listening-only or as conversational tests. Especially in the case of time-varying distortions, conversation tests are advantageous, as they reflect the real-life conversation situation – loss of information due to packet-loss, for example, is assumed to be perceived differently in a real conversation than when listening to pre-recorded speech samples. With the aim of collecting subjective data for later modelling of speech quality under VoIP- or concatenated network-typical conditions in conversation tests, an integral online telephone-line simulation tool was developed at IKA. The test set-up as well as the simulation tool are described in the following.
nonparametric Kruskal–Wallis test. The association of vari- ables to perceived impact was analyzed with multivariate logistic regression, and results presented as odd ratio with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). In the models, the dependent variables were dichotomized responses of the items (“severe/ moderate” versus “mild/none”) and the explanatory variables included age (in quartiles), gender, diagnosis (RA, PsA, and ax-SpA), disease duration (above or below the median), and source of care (support from others versus self-care). Given the descriptive nature of the results, no multiplicity adjustments were made. A P-value of 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS program Version 18.0.0.
This study main goal was to develop and to empirically test a research model of factors contributing students’ attitude towards the use of online educational video games designed to develop their competencies. Main findings suggest that all analysed variables (perceived attention, perceived confidence, and perceived relevance) contribute positively to students’ attitude towards the use of online educational video games designed to develop their competencies. Managers of Higher Education institutions can use these findings to better design Teacher Training Programmes which address students’ expectations when using online educational video games designed to develop their competencies. We can summarize students’ expectations in three main areas: a) online educational video games designed to develop students’ competencies must contain features which draw students’ attention to the online educational video games, b) online educational video games designed to develop students’ competencies must be balanced, taking into account the level of difficulty and students’ gaming competences, c) online educational video games designed to develop students’ competencies must be perceived as relevant by the students. Both perceived attention and perceived confidence can be increased by game design while perceived relevance can be increased by the instructor himself pointing out to students why the online educational video games is being used to develop their competencies, how will be used and which is the expected learning outcome.
Recent findings on intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy in social psychology indicate that enjoyment plays important roles in determining a person’s behavior. Davis et al  put enjoyment followed the construct of perceived ease to use. As staff has to sacrifice their personal time to learn at home, the user will look for more pleasure on using the e-learning course based on the opportunity cost concept. Hence, it is proposed that enjoyment should be the precedent construct to perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use of the model and should have more coverage than the construct of confirmation as suggested by Bhattacherjee  in this case. According to DeLone and Mclean  and Seddon  on IS Success Model, the construct of system quality, information quality and service quality would affect user satisfaction. In combining the recent theoretical developments, the following framework is proposed to understand how individuals will continue to use the business and management e-learning courses:
The scarce literature on adult samples shows similar relations to those shown in studies on children and adolescents between dental appear- ance, self-esteem and oral health-related quality of life. Ozhayat (11), in patients with partial tooth loss, found that negative affectivity had the strongest and most clinically meaningful influ- ence, but both negative affectivity (high) and self-esteem (low) were found to influence worse oral health-related quality of life. Frejman et al. (9) suggest, in a study conducted before ortho- dontic treatment, that patients with Class II and Class III dentofacial deformities had a more negative oral health-related quality of life and a lower self-esteem compared with controls with harmonious faces. Also, the studies focused on the development of self-esteem during the course of treatment have also shown contradictory results. Whilst some have found no differences in self-esteem after completion of orthodontic treatment (21), others found improved self-esteem and diminished depressive symptoms due to surgical intervention (10), although, this is the same result found in sam- ples of children and adolescents, the results of improvements are especially significant among women (10), and these differences in relation to gender have also been observed when comparing patients with orthodontic treatment needs and a control group (3).