participation in research projects, through surveys, in order to improve the learning focus in engineering. When it was possible to verify that there is little previous information about this proposal inside the institution SEK, what was decided is to start with an exploratory survey that allows us to envisage tendencies in students. At the same time, it may give us the possibility to design methodologic tools that will facilitate the didactic improvement in the process of knowledge acquisition.
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In this paper a methodology to evaluate research projects in the field of transport was developed, to measure the effectiveness of European transport research projects during the Fifth (1998-2002) and Sixth Framework Programme (2002–2006). The methodology begins with a selection of projects to be evaluated against a selection of indicators based on the reference framework of European Countries depending on the ‗fitness for purpose‘ regarding transport research projects during the Fifth and Sixth Framework Programme. A multicriteria analysis was applied and the analysis was divided in two parts: rank order and flag model. In fact, the combination of both methods within an integrated framework of analysis can achieve more satisfactory results. The use of our methodology enhances the level of flexibility for the decision making process. The results are divided into two parts: rank and flag model; each of these parts is evaluated disaggregated into four indicators groups. Our main findings are:
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This research project was conducted within the Action Research approach (Kemmis & McTaggart, 1995; Stenhouse, 1975; Elliot, 1991) with a small group of teacher trainees whose research projects were carried out in public High, Middle and Elementary schools between 2004 and 2006. All of them followed four stages: To develop a plan, to improve what is already happening, to act to implement the plan, to observe the e ects of action in the context in which it occurs, and to re ß ect on these e ects as a basis for further planning, subsequent action, through a succession of cycles. The trainees’ research process was followed up by means of class observations, informal talks, life stories, autobiographies, diaries, transcripts, interviews, questionnaires and surveys administered by the authors who were part of the advisory team, in both the Modern Languages program and the Master’s Program in English Didactics at the University of Caldas. Data were collected and triangulated from di erent sources: the teacher trainees themselves, their advisors, head teachers and administrators, and the di erent data collection instruments and artifacts involved in the implementation of the research procedures. Di erent times were agreed to meet and discuss the areas of interest with participants and non-participant subjects, among which, the end of each semester was of crucial importance as part of the Þ nal or intermediate evaluation of the practicum in both the university and the schools. Data analysis was conducted by means of segmentation and categorization (Quintero et al., 2007; Spradley, 1980) on a qualitative approach basis. The Case Study Approach
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From Table 2 it is possible to infer that successful technology transfer processes were developed under a singular combination of constructive factors (a bundle of favourable characteristics brought the projects into success), whereas unsatisfactory experiences were generally conditioned by a single unfavourable circumstance. There are some factors that are predominantly important in unsatisfactory projects that are on the contrary considered as irrelevant in successful technology transfer projects. For example, resources allocation remains a residual factor for those that were satisfied with the assignment they got and a key factor of failure for those that had to handle shoestring resources. The same applies to factors like technical risk, definition of objectives, corporate team experience in collaborating with universities, inadequacy or changes in the transferee team or material resources allocation. Most of these factors that researchers that described an unsuccessful project pointed out as key for failure were not so important for researchers that had had successful experiences, basically because their reality was favourable on all these points.
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The aim of this paper is to show that the existence of Ethics Research Committees is consistent with the historical time in which we reside. The idea of a neutral science dates back to the creation of the Royal Society. Putnam and other researchers proposed the term «epistemic values» to the values of science. This axiological transformation has been called in several ways: knowledge mode 2, post-normal scien- ce, post-academic science and technoscience. There is no innovation without evaluation, even without multiple previous assessments. The actual existence of the Research Ethics Committees (RECs) is a fact consistent with the historical development of epistemology in the twentieth century. One of the most important functions of RECs, is the axiological evaluation (epistemic values) of research projects.
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Direct support for targeted research projects: Where appropriate, WHO engages directly in research projects to meet the expressed needs of Member States, and makes use of its particular strengths of stable and strong relationships with the operational health sector, access to health data, and networks within the public health research community. Relevant research activities would include, for example, assessments of the health co-benefits of mitigation policies at the global and regional levels, and evaluation of the effectiveness of interventions at the national or local levels. They would also include the production and update of key resources, such as guidance on assessing health vulnerability to climate change and planning adaptation strategies. In all of these activities, WHO works to reduce its own contribution to greenhouse gas emissions, and encourages its partners to do the same.
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URRENTLY, the conditions of climate change, greenhouse gases and other factors related to the production of electricity by sources such as coal, gas, oil and its derivatives, have created great concern around the world. As a response, renewable and non-conventional energies have gained strength for being considered as a desirable alternative. Research on renewable energies has parallelly boosted the development of projects that seek the modernizing of energy generation and distribution systems by adapting and creating architectures of electric micro-grids with a higher rate of alternative or renewable energy use, and that offer a faster response to incidents or failures. The micro-grid concept was born in the industrialization age and it consists of a vast centralized network that support the provision of electric service for many consumers, from primary electric sources usually based on coal or oil.
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Given that migration intensity is not randomly or evenly distributed in Mexican mu- nicipalities, it may be the case that our previous OLS results have a sample selection bias: if some municipal or state features influence both program participation and the amounts or types of projects awarded, OLS estimates may be biased. Moreover, since we observe only the amount of money awarded to participating municipalities, and zero otherwise, we need to correct for the incidental truncation of the amounts per capita variable. Mod- els 5 in TABLE 2 address this issue with a Heckman sample-selection estimation, where we use the migration index as the key selecting variable for program participation. When controlling for the selection process, we find that the poverty has a curvilinear relationship with program selection, which again suggests that program participation is regressive. In the second stage of model 5, which is the amount equation, we confirm our previous finding that the effective number of parties negatively and significantly affect the amounts devoted to public good provision (significant at the 1 percent level). The Heckman model also identifies a partisan effect: municipalities ruled by the PAN are indeed more likely to participate in the program, but once there they do not appear to invest more on public projects than other participating municipalities.
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field research, criminology, pedagogy in theory and practice, social sciences, statistics, law etc. and finished by writing a comprehensive report for the Hessian Ministry of Justice at the end. My colleagues at the university immediately suggested that I submit this report – in conjunction with a theoretical and historical analysis of youth detention as a form of prison regime - as a dissertation. I did just that and received my doctorate in return. While I was still «in prison», my colleagues Heinz-Elmar Tenorth and Jürgen Schriewer, both from the University of Frankfurt, Germany, had already significantly expanded the preliminary considerations on a history of educational research in terms of time and space and transferred them into a historically and comparatively challenging project and a research proposal. This project on a comparative history of educational research in Europe was generously funded over a period of five years. (One might prefer to call educational research «Sciences of Education»; I will not discuss the difficulties of translation here. I prefer Education or Educational Research, as I would insist on the fact that «research» is not restricted to so-called empirical research). My focus as a research assistant was the coordination of the project, the combination of historical and comparative methods, and - as my own project for a postdoctoral qualification - the (already mentioned) analysis of the development of educational research in Germany as reflected in its journals after 1945. In this context, I became interested in the new technical possibilities of quantitative historical research and special methods, for example collective biography, quantitative and qualitative content analysis etc., and became involved in a working group on quantitative methods in History and Social Sciences (QUANTUM, Cologne, Germany; journal: «Historical Social Research»). I attended and gave courses on methods of historical social research at the Centre for Historical Social Research, Cologne.
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Rural areas in Ethiopia face an energy crisis due to the overexploitation of traditional energy sources such as firewood, undermining the quality of life of the population and seriously threatening the ecosystem that they inhabit. This has forced the Ethiopian inhabitants to find alternative energy sources in order to solve this situation. Domestic biogas plants have the potential to contribute to this solution in Ethiopia. Albeit the impact of each small biodigester is trifling, it has the potential to sum a larger impact if a programmatic approach is employed. Hence, domestic biogas plants can raise the use of cleaner energy sources in Ethiopia and in parallel offer valuable co-benefits to their users. For example: increased agricultural productivity from the use of bio-slurry as fertilizer, reduced workload and time savings through the avoidance of firewood collection, reduced indoor air pollution, etc. Inspired by the initiative Biogas for a Better Life created in 2007, The Ethiopian Government with the help of SNV Development Organization launched the National Biogas Programme (NBPE) in 2008 with the aim to up-scale domestic biogas technology in the country. The NBPE started with a first implementation phase that concluded by the end of the year 2013 (Boers et al., 2008). Currently, a second phase of implementation has begun since the beginning of 2014 and will extend until the end of year 2017 (Alemayehu, 2014). Despite the fact that comprehensive information resources were developed prior to the launch of the NBPE (Boers et al., 2008; Esthete et al., 2006). Currently, no research or official statements have been published to analyse the current state of development of domestic biogas or the obstacles to deploy it.
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1. Develop a solid business case for your projects. Where appropriate, ensure you obtain senior managers’ agreement before you start the project. Research points out that too many projects are started without a firm reason or rationale. Developing a business case will identify whether it is worth working on.
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In its current design the 31 Program for Migrants is administered by the Mexican Ministry of Social Development (SEDESOL) following the initiatives of hometown associa- tions. A Committee of Validation and Attention to Migrants (COVAM), which includes representatives of the four parties involved (migrants and municipal, state, and federal govern- ments via SEDESOL), prioritizes and decides by majority rule on the technical viability of the projects. Each of these four parties contributes 25% of the total cost of the approved pro- ject. The degree of participation of diﬀerent government levels can vary: for instance, the federation can cover up to 50% of the project if its social impact justiﬁes it. 5 However, this is rarely observed in practice. Since the maximum federal partic- ipation amounts to about US$67,000, the total cost of each project funded can be as high as US$268,000. Thus, although collective remittances are small in absolute terms, they are an important complement to the ﬁnances of the municipalities and their inadequate public infrastructure.
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In turn, the study of participating municipalities revealed that not all existing HTAs that are potentially interested in the Program receive support from municipal or state officials. Migrants are aware of local politics, but for the most part their approach to it is very pragmatic and non partisan. After fieldwork, it was evident that migrants’ political preferences are not the source of any observed partisan bias. HTAs need the municipality commitment of resources and their technical help to put together the application files. This gives municipalities a strong gate keeping role. In choosing which HTAs and projects to support, municipalities of all party labels favored their political strongholds. Moreover, fieldwork made clear that this type of local investments under the 3x1 Program can hardly be qualified as investments in pure public goods (non excludable). Rather, they fall under the category of club goods (Kitschelt and Wilkinson, 2006: 11), which provide benefits for subsets of citizens who have already delivered their electoral support (loyal localities). But it is also important to take into account that given the mutual
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P.E.: Not really. We’ve had many projects in these fields, especially in noncommutative algebra and representation theory. Also, PRIMES students get exposed to these areas in PRIMES reading groups. This said, it’s true that many PRIMES projects are in discrete math. This is because in this field, it’s easier to find interesting projects requiring relatively little initial background. However, they are not just elaborate Olympiad problems. Many of them are designed to touch upon fundamental questions and to encourage learning about other areas with which discrete math has many deep connections. In short, we try to show our students both the breadth and the unity of mathematics.
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Perform scientific research projects based on the methodology from the MRSA strains isolated from products molecular epidemiology dairy for designing control strategies, intervention by the authorities responsible for monitoring the quality of the food, in particular of artisanal, same fresh cheese which represents an area of opportunity for the survival of people engaged in the trade of such products and requiring among other things , from the health education training courses, situation that would decrease the risk to the consumer population, at the same time this would impact positively on the decrease of incidence prevalence of disease outbreaks and by the increase in morbidity and mortality resulting from the distribution or dissemination, since the presence of resistance to Methicillin- Vancomycin as virulence factors , among others might hamper the treatment in case of intoxication by food in the population therefore it is important to consider the application of NOM-121-SSA1-1994 22 .
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Associate professor in the Depart- ment of Telematic Systems and Computing of the Rey Juan Carlos University (Madrid, Spain), where he coordinates the GSyC/LibreSoft research group. His professional ar- eas of interest include the study of free software development and the transfer of knowledge in this field to the industrial sector.
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With regard to cooperation between agents, Gorschek et al (2006) proposed a university/firm technology transfer model based on a research schedule made up of several phases: identifying potential areas of improvement based on the demands of the firm through a process of observation and evaluation; formulating problems to be solved by studying the theoretical framework; proposing solutions in collaboration with the firm; developing validation in the laboratory; carrying out dynamic validation at semi-industrial level; and setting up solutions gradually, thereby leaving the door open to additional changes and proposals. According to these authors, the work of the researcher is not simply carrying out research, but also attempting to make technology transfer happen. Along these lines, Lane (1999) suggested a conceptual model for the process defining the components and their relationships, and discussed how agents facilitate the process of transforming a technology into a new product.
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government, working for the development of the telemedicine in Colombia through more than 45 projects. Health care services have mostly been provided on a telemedicine basis to, at least, 550 000 patients, and they have connected more than 650 health care institutions, mainly in deprived areas of the country. Unfortunately, none of these projects has been rigorously evaluated, and no recommendations can be made with a minimum degree of evidence for their support. The proposed methodology is suitable for similar studies about telemedicine evaluation in other developing countries.
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Then in 2007, at a university in Hong Kong, Florence, Yipa and Alvin presented an article called Online Vocabulary Games as a Tool for Teaching and Learning English Vocabulary, on the role and utility of online games in favor of vocabulary learning, the research was conducted in a time of 9 weeks, with 100 engineering students in and EFL class , who were divided into control and experimental groups. Being submitted at initial and final diagnoses, the experimental group worked on vocabulary learning through the online video games of two websites such as Simcity and a simulator game. After the application of the final diagnosis, it was demonstrated that the experimental group achieved the best results of their vocabulary knowledge with respect to the group that worked the traditional repetition lessons of vocabulary. Likewise, the surveys showed that the students of the experimental group preferred the online learning intermixed with digital educational games to conventional lessons based on activities. This led to conclude that although games are an excellent teaching strategy, since they help to retain students’ interest and ensure learning effectiveness, however, they also represent a difficulty in the need for extra support or ICTs resources if online games are adopted as essential components of teaching.
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Public Service Interpreting and Translation (PSIT) is a relatively recent discipline, which is, therefore, constantly evolving over the past few years. Thus, even though this sixth edition of International Journal focuses on the social phenomenon of multilingualism, this Research Corner aims to reflect the more general scientific-academic progress within PSIT.
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