SENSE OF THE PROFESSION

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The origin of teaching as a profession in Japan: A transnational analysis of the relationship between professionalism and nationalism in the 19th century

The origin of teaching as a profession in Japan: A transnational analysis of the relationship between professionalism and nationalism in the 19th century

In the context of the international situation at that time, Mori believed that the role of the Imperial System, with its long history, could not be ignored if Japan were to avoid being colonized and establish a modern state system. However, Mori, who had learned a great deal from Western intellectuals as a diplomat, also understood very well that the long-standing traditional culture of Japan related to the Imperial System (e.g. the concubine system) was regarded as unequal from the standpoint of the modern values in western cultures. Therefore, although Mori extolled nationalism, he was vehemently opposed to the brand of nationalism extolled by people like Motoda Nagazane, who viewed the Emperor as the nucleus of morality and sought governance based on the teachings of Confucianism. In this regard, Hasegawa Sei’ichi pointed out that Mori «should be called a nationalist in the sense that he wanted to create subjective citizens in Japan, rather than a nationalist in the sense of someone who emphasized state power under rule by the Emperor» (Hasegawa, 2007, p. 330).
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The Teaching Profession in the Twenty First Century

The Teaching Profession in the Twenty First Century

Experimenting with the senses (act.1). This activity appealed especially to those who like to try things, and to those with a more visual and musical intelligence. It also created a sense of intimacy. I introduced this activity to make a scientific topic more personal. Three pieces of music were played and needed to be associated with three images. Students were very active in this discussion and were genuinely surprised at how each of them had joined the music and the photos differently and still could justify why. The music and the photos triggered personal memories and feelings, and it was surprising how they shared them. Students said that they found it difficult to find “the right word” when trying to express feelings. I believe emotions are hard to express but they are not often brought into the classroom either. This activity was one of those moments when it is easy to forget you are in a class as there was a real conversation and a genuine wish to communicate.
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The history of social work education in Spain : does harmonisation make sense?

The history of social work education in Spain : does harmonisation make sense?

How does the talante, the sensiblility of a country, limits the advantages of a European educational harmonization? One should be concerned that harmonization may: 1) create a greater cultural distance between the points of view of the social worker and those of the population at large; 2) suffocate or displace the native resources of help; 3) impose definitions of social problems as perceived from Central and Northern Europe; 4) result in unwittingly replacing a world view by another. These concerns are related to what has been observed in the USA. In that country there is a distance between the culture of the profession—liberal and “progressive”— and the traditional and religious cultures from which many social work clients come. On the one hand, social work students, in passing through the university, often loose their traditions, their inherited world view. On the other, they are taught to be sensitive towards the cultures of their clients, with the paradox that sometimes they must learn from the books about their own, cultures that they were taught to abandon in exchange for their university degrees. One must ask oneself if the harmonization of social work education carries similar risks in Spain, or even greater risks, since the cultural differences (linguistic, religious, legal, symbolic, of narratives and habits) among the European counties are deeper than those that can be observed within the US, in spite of its fifty states and its ethnic diversity. The idea of a standardized social work education through the European Union does not seem realistic, given the cultural content that must inform social work education.
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Creative expression of the sense of experience

Creative expression of the sense of experience

Esto revela que Husserl no ignora la interacción entre la ex- periencia vivida corporalmente y el lenguaje; sin embargo, no ab- solutiza la experiencia lingüística, sino que la funda en [r]

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Vista de The Sense of Order, de Ernest Gombrich
							| Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas

Vista de The Sense of Order, de Ernest Gombrich | Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas

La danza moderna, gracias a Isadora Duncan, Mary Wigman, Loie Fuller y otras inicia un ca- mino distinto al ballet y da por resultado una vía distinta de hacer danza, Pel'O aun la danz[r]

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32Maria Eriksson Baaz & Maria Stern – Making sense of violence_voices of soldiers in the DRC

32Maria Eriksson Baaz & Maria Stern – Making sense of violence_voices of soldiers in the DRC

During the last years the DRC has made itself known in the world for terrible acts of violence committed by armed men – militia and the regular army – against the civilian population. The voices of the soldiers and combatants have so far been absent in the accounts of this violence. This silence is problematic, both because it makes it harder to understand such violence, but also because it reinforces stereotypes of African warriors as primitive and anarchic, driven by innate violence and tribal hatred. Enquiry into the particular discursive as well as material circumstances of the armed conflict in the DRC, which might better redress the complex and interrelated context in which ‘ people in uniforms ’ commit violence, is consequently impeded. The story we recount here emerges from soldiers within the main perpetrator of violence in the DRC today : the Integrated Armed Forces. The soldiers’ interview texts challenge the dominant representation of soldiers and combatants in the DRC. The soldiers made sense of the prevalence of violence (in which they too had participated) in several interrelated ways, none of which reflected any expression of ‘ natural ’ (if dormant) violent tendencies, hatred or vengefulness for the enemy.
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The sense of place in Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá's "Historia de la Nueva México"

The sense of place in Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá's "Historia de la Nueva México"

of its own. In the process, Historia experienced a similar fortune of the majority of written materials of the Spanish colonial period by becoming a lost footnote or a book collecting dust in some forsaken shelf. Already Luis Leal (l973; l980; l993), Werner Sollors (l986), Martín-Rodríguez (2006, 2009), Lomelí (l983), Genaro Padilla (l992; 2010), Miguel Encinias et al (Villagrá 1992), María Herrera-Sobek (1999) and others have claimed that Historia distinguishes itself as the first American epic poem, preceding Captain John Smith’s General History of Virginia by fourteen years. Before its more contemporary resurgence in the l980s, only a few critics (i.e. John Gilmary Shea in l887, in “The First Epic of Our Country: By the Poet Conquistador of New Mexico Captain Gaspar de Villagrá,” and Gilberto Espinosa’s History of New Mexico by Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá in l933) dedicated efforts toward saving it from oblivion. The other instances (i.e., Francisco Pimentel, Erna Fergusson, George P. Hammond, Fray Angélico Chávez, etc.) were isolated cases of individual inquiry, but Luis Leal was the first to associate the work within early Chicano literary tradition. His critical assessments led to a revaluation of where to situate it in terms of literary history, giving it a new impetus as an antecedent of Chicano literature.
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El lugar y sus habitantes. Sobre el fotoensayo Sense of Place

El lugar y sus habitantes. Sobre el fotoensayo Sense of Place

En los 80 en España la fotografía fue integrada en el relato de la movida, y se convirtió en el vehículo de transmisión de las nuevas identidades sociales. A diferencia de los fotógrafos de comienzos de los 70, como Cristina García Rodero, Alberto Schommer, Koldo Chamorro, Jorge Rueda o Xurxo Lobato, cuyo trabajo consistió en interpretar la pulsión de las tradiciones, en retratar el sentido de comunidad y analizar el choque entre modernidad y cotidianeidad. “Los fotógrafos de la movida articularon su mirada desde un ángulo más oblicuo, aparentemente alejado de un interés social o político” (Smith 2000, 46). Esta nueva estética fue muy apreciada fuera. Un ejemplo es la serie que realizó Mary Ellen Mark en 1985 para Rolling Stone: “The New Spain”. 1
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The library and information science profession in 2009

The library and information science profession in 2009

Ya hemos visto como en el encuentro de Sedic y Apei el tema que se ha- bía señalado como más importante era el de La biblioteca como ele- mento de integración s[r]

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Constructing Sense of Community through Community Inquiry and the Implementation of a Negotiated Syllabus

Constructing Sense of Community through Community Inquiry and the Implementation of a Negotiated Syllabus

The following paper describes the outcomes and insights of the first stage of an action research study aimed to explore ways in which CBP and NC strengthen sense of community and provoke actions to benefit that community is a public school located in a rural area. This work emerged from a needs analysis study in which students gave their opinions about the importance of English as a foreign language. Implementing CBP and Negotiated Syllabus as means to involve and foster students to be aware of their responsibility for the preservation of the school facilities, as well as educating the surrounding community, demonstrated the development of sense of community in the students. Throughout the use of questionnaires, surveys and journals, the outcomes revealed that students felt more motivated when they are taken into account in making curricular decisions. In addition, this study showed that a commitment from the entire academic community is possible when some academic and personal goals are established collaboratively and efforts are made to generate important changes.
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Relevance of Story as a Sense of Reality

Relevance of Story as a Sense of Reality

Vigencia del relato como sentido de la realidad es una investigación que intenta elaborar una teoría sobre el porvenir del periodismo tras la fusión de los géneros y la convergencia de m[r]

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On the first and second  Φ-variation in the sense of Schramm-Riesz

On the first and second Φ-variation in the sense of Schramm-Riesz

In [2], it is presented a Riesz-type generalization of the concept of second variation of normed-space-valued functions defined on an interval [a, b] ⊆ R ; in particular, it is shown that a function f ∈ X [a,b] , where X is a reflexive Banach space, is of bounded second-variation (in the sense of Riesz) if and only if it can be expressed as the (Bochner) integral of a function of bounded (first) Φ-variation. Moreover, there the authors obtained a Riesz’s lemma type inequality to estimate the total second Riesz Φ-variation of a function. In [6], is introduced the concept of second Φ-variation in the sense of Schramm, for normed-space valued functions defined on an interval [a, b] ⊆ R .
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Reflexiones en torno a la re–afirmación del sentido de la Universidad / Reflections on the Re–statement of Sense the University

Reflexiones en torno a la re–afirmación del sentido de la Universidad / Reflections on the Re–statement of Sense the University

los especialistas coinciden en que uno de los principales retos de la universidad actual tiene que ver con el desarrollo de una estrecha y eficaz cooperación entre éstas y el mundo em- presarial. Frente a dichas demandas que pueden traducirse en presiones e imposiciones políticas y económicas, los campus universitarios repre- sentan instancias y espacios para avanzar en el conocimiento respecto del desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías, como bien apuntan Okubo y Sjoberg (2000). De este modo, los proyectos estratégicos y los planes de desarrollo de las universidades en todo el mundo, incluyen de manera prio- ritaria la creación de nuevas tecnologías y las diversas modalidades de alianzas con el entorno social, particularmente con los agentes económi- cos de producción. El objetivo final tiene que ver con la creación de un modelo estructural que contenga la satisfacción, el compromiso y la participación que se desprenden de las relaciones entre universidades y empresas. La consolidación de este tipo de modelos ha te- nido gran éxito en países como Inglaterra, en donde se advirtió un alejamiento preocupante entre la universidad y el ámbito industrial. Para contrarrestar esta situación se generó el proyecto HESIN (1999), (Higher Education Support for in- dustry in the North), en el que se reunió a seis universidades del Norte de Inglaterra para sumi- nistrar a la industria conocimientos técnicos, en particular a las Pymes del país. Otro caso signi- ficativo de este tipo de alianzas lo representa la industria farmacéutica alemana Bayer, la cual, como señala Bower (1993), mantiene vínculos formales con diversas universidades alemanas y otras en el mundo, desde el siglo XIX.
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Living wills in the nursing profession: knowledge and barriers

Living wills in the nursing profession: knowledge and barriers

Two years later, in 1969, Kutner first used the term ‘living will’ in the USA, arguing that a com- petent adult’s wishes for his or her future care should be recorded and respected(8). The issue was raised again in 1976, when the parents of Karen Quinlan successfully applied to have the ventilator removed from their daughter, who had been diagnosed as brain-stem dead, thanks to a New Jersey Supreme Court ruling that noted the ‘right to die with dignity and in peace’. This rul- ing prompted many ethical committees to enact living will statutes in the USA(9).
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The evaluative research as a bridge between science and profession

The evaluative research as a bridge between science and profession

Analyses based on neural networks and ‘fuzzy logic’ (Baldwin, 1996): The ‘pattern classification’ is an analysis linking statistical and neural approaches (Schuermann, 1996). The fuzzy logic pro- vides interesting tools for data mining, mainly because of its ability to represent imperfect informa- tion, which is of crucial importance when databases are complex, and contain heterogeneous, imprecise, uncertain or incomplete data (Bouchon-Meunier, Detyniecki, Lesot, Marsala, & Rifqi, 2007).

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Esperanza's transcendence : sense of community in Cisneros "The House on Mango Street"

Esperanza's transcendence : sense of community in Cisneros "The House on Mango Street"

To be fair with those who cannot run away, Esperanza should take a stand and fight sexual and social discrimination from within the streets of the 'barrio.' To criticize is very simple; [r]

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Working with others; English as a tool to improve the sense of identity

Working with others; English as a tool to improve the sense of identity

Just as this extract stipulated, what this implementation is looking for it is to create a scenario where students could face, in first place, their own strength and weakness so they can be aware of the impact that each individual has inside of the community. Prieto (2001) states that there are many authors calling to a new type of school structure where it is possible to build a community able to learn from each other. If we consider the teacher as the authority inside of the classroom it might be relevant if we also consider the root of this word, which comes from augere; to increase, one who causes to grow. Having this meaning in mind, it is perfectly possible to think in Project- based learning as a tool to activate not only the correct use of English but also a more complete learning process for the students, where the teacher acts as a guide through out of the experience and each pupil get in charge of his/her role along the practice. Giving the students the sense of responsibility on their own educational experience, enable them to acknowledge the importance of every single member in a community.
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Pioneer public relations in Spain. Some precedents in the first half of the twentieth century and preliminary steps of the new profession

Pioneer public relations in Spain. Some precedents in the first half of the twentieth century and preliminary steps of the new profession

Asimismo, el hecho de que la primera asociación de profesionales de las relaciones públicas en España, fundada en 1961, estuviese presidida por Apa- ricio, factótum de la Prensa [r]

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The Role of Classroom Observation in Pre Service English Teachers’ Understanding of the Teaching Profession

The Role of Classroom Observation in Pre Service English Teachers’ Understanding of the Teaching Profession

observable behaviours that may lead to learning. Initially, the participants tended to focus more on purely mechanical matters such as teacher-student interactions, possibly because of the systematic observation based on guidelines in the first stage of our study. However, as the number of lessons increased, techniques were observed in more detail, including the basis behind them, their theoretical foundations, and the ideal structure in class (Zacharias, 2012). The participants observed the teaching models to be followed such as interactions focusing on the pupil, accounting for pupils’ previous knowledge, and combining various language skills in one lesson. The student teachers were able to see the pedagogical sequences while observing the class as a whole. These findings indicate that classroom observations appear to lead student teachers to understand the teaching profession as a technical activity and that they developed their learning in terms of “knowing like a teacher” (Feiman-Nemser, 2001: 698). In the observations through the last stage, it is observed that it is not a student’s prism but a learner’s one to become a teacher. The findings focus on more subtle aspects such as the mechanism to motivate or reach all pupils. In our study, the continuous observation of pedagogic events led the participants to understand why a lesson worked properly and thus to develop an enquiring attitude toward pedagogic events.
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Subtitles for the cinematographic version of sense and sensibility

Subtitles for the cinematographic version of sense and sensibility

Although we have explained some of the most important elements and constraints of the subtitling technique, let us clarify that there are still other significant aspects that – as motioned before- require further and profound knowledge and experience, which is why we haven’t applied them in this project. But most importantly is the lack of more reliable sources of information (most of which are found in the Internet) including the technical equipment or software to make subtitles. Therefore, the present translation exercise will elucidate only the basic notions of translation for subtitles and leave out aspects such as timing and synchronization.
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