SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS

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El aporte de un enfoque territorial al estudio de los conflictos socio-ambientales The contribution of a territorial approach to the study of socio-environmental conflicts pp. 66-78

El aporte de un enfoque territorial al estudio de los conflictos socio-ambientales The contribution of a territorial approach to the study of socio-environmental conflicts pp. 66-78

 Abstract • Socio-environmental conflicts have a close relation with space that has been generally forgotten or relegated to a secondary level in studies, because priority is frequently given to the analysis of their social dimension. From the nineties, the French- speaking social geography has taken an interest in those conflicts developing a territorial approach which is a great value for the observation of socio-environmental phenomena in combining social and spatial dimensions articulately. Considering the literature produced by this branch of geography and the conception of conflict established by Simmel, we discuss in this paper about the concepts of territory, territoriality and territorialisation to propose elements for reflection about the contribution of a territorial approach to the study of socio-environmental conflicts.
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Actores y ambientalismos : conflictos socio-ambientales en Perú (Temas) = Actors and environmentalism : socio-environmental conflicts in Peru

Actores y ambientalismos : conflictos socio-ambientales en Perú (Temas) = Actors and environmentalism : socio-environmental conflicts in Peru

El cuarto ambientalismo podría denomi- narse justicia socio-ambiental. Este parte de una noción de inequidad en la relación entre sociedad y medio ambiente, y una crítica al modelo económico que discrimina o castiga a ciertos grupos de la sociedad. Se preocupa por las desigualdades en cuanto a quienes (en tér- minos de clase social, grupo étnico, género y ubicación geográfica) están más expuestos a los riesgos, costos y beneficios de, en este caso, todas las actividades relacionadas con la expansión minera. Además, ve como inacepta- ble esta inequidad; esto porque maneja un cierto concepto de derechos inalienables y de justicia social. De hecho, los actores que sos- tienen este tipo de ambientalismo provienen generalmente de corrientes de pensamiento y acción social relacionados con la justicia social y los derechos humanos (aunque para el caso peruano la comunidad de derechos humanos tuvo, hasta hace pocos años, una relación algo tibia con las organizaciones involucradas en los conflictos mineros, quienes asumían una orientación de justicia ambiental y defensa le- gal). En el juego discursivo de tildar a ciertos grupos de “ambientalistas” –léase extremistas e inflexibles– son especialmente éstos los grupos clasificados bajo esta denominación. Este am- bientalismo entra en conflictos estructurales con procesos de expansión minera porque parte de una posición en la cual ciertos valores y derechos son fundamentales, y por lo tanto, cualquier proceso de expansión de las indus- trias extractivas debe adaptarse a estos dere- chos. Es precisamente en este punto que difie- re del ambientalismo nacionalista-populista: mientras este cuarto ambientalismo insiste en la justicia social para los individuos, sobre to- do los históricamente excluidos, el segundo busca justicia para “el pueblo” y “la nación”, y por lo tanto, se enfoca mucho más en temas de control nacional de la plusvalía generada en base a la naturaleza. En consecuencia el am- bientalismo nacionalista-populista estaría mu- cho más dispuesto a sacrificar los derechos de ciertos grupos por el bien del “pueblo”. A dife-
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Construcción del segundo puente sobre la Laguna de la Restinga, Isla de Margarita, Venezuela: Conflictos socio-ambientales y primeros impactos ecosistémicos | Construction of the second bridge over La Restinga Lagoon, Margarita Island, Venezuela: socio-en

Construcción del segundo puente sobre la Laguna de la Restinga, Isla de Margarita, Venezuela: Conflictos socio-ambientales y primeros impactos ecosistémicos | Construction of the second bridge over La Restinga Lagoon, Margarita Island, Venezuela: socio-environmental conflicts and first ecosystem impacts

In november 2013 the construction of the second bridge over La Restinga lagoon was initiated, a work that seeks to boost transportation to the Macanao Peninsula. Thereafter, a conflict was generated between governmental authorities that proposed this construction, and students and teachers from Universidad de Oriente who demanded the submission of the Environmental and Sociocultural Impact Assessment (ESIA) required by the Venezuelan environmental legislation. On august 13 th , 2014, the Governmental authorities publicly presented the ESIA, and indicated that the only negative impact would be the deforestation of 1241 m 2 of mangroves. However, this study shows that the environmental impacts were greater than those indicated by authorities. To support this, satellite images were used to calculate the deforested area and to find out other changes in the components of the landscape. Sediment traps were also placed in the main channel to assess the contribution of exogenous material into the lagoon. It was estimated that the deforestation of mangroves comprised an area of 2399 m 2 , 892 m 2 of the main channel were invaded by gravel-clay material and 639 m 2 in the adjacent lagoons. Sedimentation was homogeneous during the study period, but occurred mainly in the construction area and on occasions was greater in other zones at the mouth of the lagoon. It is recommended a long-term sediment transport evaluation be performed, as well as the monitoring of the health and survival of mangroves and marine organisms susceptible to sedimentation, especially of filter feeders.
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Essays on Environmental Economics: Environmental Compliance, Policy andGovernance

Essays on Environmental Economics: Environmental Compliance, Policy andGovernance

Though the sign of the inspection strategy is negative which conforms to our expec- tation of its deterrent e¤ect, it does not show any signi…cance for the corporate envi- ronmental violation. Additionally, the size of the …rm and the corporate pro…tability are not signi…cant in the regression either. The time-invariant variable of major plants proportion, state number of operation and sector dummies are dropped automatically in …xed e¤ect regressions. Using Hausman-Taylor method to recover these estimates, I found that none of them are signi…cant. Therefore, whether a …rm is mainly composed of major or minor plants, in how many states the …rm is operating, as well as the indus- try heterogeneity do not a¤ect …rm’s environmental performance. These three variables remain insigni…cant for all later estimations, hence they will not be reported henceforth. A serial correlation problem can be suspected because of the environmental violation. For instance, the impact of an environmental accident can last for several months. In this quantitative context, the time interval is two years, thus the auto-correlation prob- lem should be minor. Using the test for autocorrelation in panel-data models derived from Wooldridge (2002), it con…rms that serial correlation is not a problem that needs worrying. Besides, I try to employ the lagged term of dependent variable, and estimate it with Arellano-Bond dynamic panel data model. It turns out that the lagged e¤ect of environmental violation is insigni…cant.
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From nature conservancy to socio-ecological transition . The historical conceptual background for modeling environmental concern

From nature conservancy to socio-ecological transition . The historical conceptual background for modeling environmental concern

HARRIBAY Jean-Marie, « Éléments pour une économie politique de la soutenabilité fondée sur le recul de la marchandise, Communication au Colloque international : La problématique du développement durable vingt ans après : nouvelles lectures théoriques, innovations méthodologiques et domaines d’extension, Université de Lille, 20 au 22 novembre 2008 ; publiée dans la Revue française de socio-économie, n° 6, second semestre 2010, p. 31-46. M ILLER Daniel, Consumption : critical concepts in the social sciences   , London, Routledge,
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Conflicts over the environment and scientific discourses

Conflicts over the environment and scientific discourses

I n this investigation we have studied two cases of conflicts articulated around the environmental conditions in the city of Córdoba, Argentina: the case of Pueblos Unidos and the one of Vecinos Unidos en Defensa de un Ambiente Seguro. We have conducted twenty in­depth interviews with the purpose of knowing the role assumed by scientific discourses in these conflicts. The interviews have been analyzed using the technique of content analysis and some tools from discourses analysis. From the analysis it follows that scientific discourses function as power discourses that produce struggles for their meaning. In the first section we have addressed the diverse role of scientific discourses as devices of power, that, in articulation with diverses needs of economic capital, produces particular bodies and territories in each case. Finally, we presented the strategies that neighbors in struggle oppose to this device of power.
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Design solutions to coastal human wildlife conflicts

Design solutions to coastal human wildlife conflicts

Abstract Coastal areas can be a challenge for conservation due to multiple competing land uses including development, tourism, and extractive resource use. These multiple land uses often lead to human-wildlife conflicts. Here we pro- pose that collaboration with industrial designers and archi- tects has the potential to generate innovative and effective solutions to coastal human-wildlife conflicts. Many prod- ucts for modifying animal behavior are already used by conservationists, such as barriers, corridors, and model predators. We propose that their effectiveness, quality, har- monization with local values, and integration with the designed human environment can be improved through collaboration with designers and architects. We illustrate this approach with a case study. We engaged in an industrial design- conservation collaboration focused on the design of
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Inter-Governmental Conflicts between Spain and Catalonia

Inter-Governmental Conflicts between Spain and Catalonia

Recent research on the role played by constitutional courts in federal systems has been a promising avenue for progress. The studies on the politicisation of the Constitu- tional Court (Moraski and Shipan, 1999: 1069; Garoupa et al., 2012: 795; Garoupa et al., 2013: 513) have raised some highly inter- esting points for reflection on intergovern- mental conflicts, by demonstrating that the decisions of the courts tended to align with the interests of the government in power at any given time. The strategic use of Consti- tutional Courts by governments has also highlighted the reasons behind the challen- ges, such as the identity of the judges or the lawsuits in which they had previously prevai- led, in order to maximise the probability of winning their lawsuits (Bednar et al., 2001; Voigt and Salzberger, 2002: 289; Sala, 2010). This study seeks to complement this view of rational choice by proposing that the beha- viour of governments at the Constitutional Court is also due to parliamentary and elec- toral configurations.
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EPA Environmental Accounting.pdf

EPA Environmental Accounting.pdf

environmentally preferable products or processes, qualifications of suppliers, evaluation of alternative pollution control equipment, and so on. Whether classified as overhead or R&D, these costs can easily be forgotten when managers and analysts focus on operating costs of processes, systems, and facilities. Second are regulatory and voluntary environmental costs incurred in operating a process, system, or facility; because many companies traditionally have treated these costs as overhead, they may not receive appropriate attention from managers and analysts responsible for day-to-day operations and business decisions. The magnitude of these costs also may be more difficult to determine as a result of their being pooled in overhead accounts. Third, while upfront and current operating costs may be obscured by management accounting practices, back-end environmental costs may not be entered into management accounting systems at all. These environmental costs of current operations are prospective, meaning they will occur at more or less well defined points in the future. Examples include the future cost of
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Environmental impact: a powerful tool for environmental training

Environmental impact: a powerful tool for environmental training

6.1. ¿Consideras útil el empleo de citas de autores ligados al ámbito de las Ciencias, las Humanidades e incluso las Artes como vía para promover la reflexión acerca de la problemática [r]

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Environmental accounting

Environmental accounting

16 In the European Union, the agency that has a similar role as EPA is the Eco- Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). This environmental management tool was created by the European Commission in 1993 and it became available for joining it in a voluntary way in 1995, although it was restricted to industrial activities. It was in 1996 when the international environmental management system standard was recognized as a step towards achieving EMAS. In 2001 it was improved in different ways, such as becoming available to all the activity sectors. EMAS’ objective is to “Improve its environmental and financial performance and communicate its environmental achievements to stakeholders and society in general” as said in their web site. It is a gadget available to all the companies located in EU, so it is voluntary. Those companies could be private, public, big, or small… of any type. As in EPA, this organization is going to be more explained later.
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Bayer Environmental Science

Bayer Environmental Science

Para mas informaciones llamar el número de teléfono de la información sobre el producto alistado en la Sección 1.. Page 7 of 7[r]

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Environmental Management System

Environmental Management System

La configuración Boot Mode (modo de inicio), incluida dentro de la opción TCP/IP del menú Network (red) del Environmental Manage- ment System, identifica la forma en que se definirán los valores de TCP/ IP. Las posibles configuraciones son Manual, DHCP only (sólo DHCP), BOOTP only (sólo BOOTP) y DHCP & BOOTP (la configuración seleccionada de manera predeterminada).

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Bayer Environmental Science

Bayer Environmental Science

CE50 (Desmodesmus subspicatus) > 10 mg/l Tasa de crecimiento; Tiempo de exposición: 72 h El valor indicado corresponde a la materia activa técnica imidacloprid. Toxicidad para pla[r]

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Bayer Environmental Science

Bayer Environmental Science

Muy tóxico para los organismos acuáticos, puede provocar a largo plazo efectos negativos en el medio ambiente acuático.. PRIMEROS AUXILIOS.[r]

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Bayer Environmental Science

Bayer Environmental Science

La protección respiratoria debe ser usada sólo para evitar el riesgo residual de actividades de corta duración, cuando todas las medidas posibles para reducir la exposición en la fuent[r]

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Environmental report 2013

Environmental report 2013

The city was then going in for the European Green Capital award, a process which involved compiling and editing all the information required by the European Commission to assess the candidates for this award. The exhaustive questionnaire for the competition requests detailed information on specific environmental indicators, measures taken over the last few years in particular aspects and future objectives and projects. The report drawn up therefore provides a very comprehensive view of a city’s environmental performance. On the one hand the dossier can be read as a catalogue, explaining how the city works in different aspects, but it can also serve as a report on activities and a statement of results. This document can also be compared with dozens of other cities reporting on the same aspects and using the same criteria and parameters.
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Productos Environmental Science

Productos Environmental Science

Otros equipos de protección : En casos especiales pueden ser necesarias medidas adicionales para la protección personal, p.e.. uso de capuchón protector, guantes y botas protectores, res[r]

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Environmental Monitoring Unit

Environmental Monitoring Unit

Desde un equipo informático ubicado en la misma subred que la unidad, puede utilizar ARP y Ping para asignar una dirección IP a la unidad y, a continuación, utilizar Telnet para accede[r]

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Bayer Environmental Science

Bayer Environmental Science

Se advierte encarecidamente a los usuarios de los posibles riesgos que supone usar un producto con otros propósitos distintos para los que había sido creado. La información dada es con[r]

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