In addition, men manifest a higher level of control over the influence of performance evaluation. A study with similar results was the one developed by Ruiz and Lorenzo (2008), in which women obtained lower scores with respect to men in influence of performance evaluation, although no statistically significant differences were observed. Likewise, as the influence of performance evaluation is a specific variable of stress control, it allows us to point out that these results are concordant with previous studies cited above, which indicated the existence of higher levels of concern and anxiety in women towards sport practice. The reasons for the fact that women are more concerned with performance evaluation can be diverse. One of them could be that men have greater opportunities in the competitive universe, a fact that would give them more experience, they risk more in learning, showing more confidence in their own abilities and corporal abilities, and, therefore, their levels would decrease of concern and stress in situations of evaluation of sports performance (Roveran & Altmann, 2016). In addition, high levels of competitive anxiety are related to women with a low level of self- confidence, which could undoubtedly explain these high levels of concern regarding performance evaluation (Navlet, 2012). However, in other studies (Caputo, Rombaldi & Da Silva, 2017; Rial, Marsilla, Isorna & Louro, 2013), no statistically significant differences were found regarding performance evaluation between both genders, pointing out, in addition, a low level and a clear deficit in this variable in both genders. Likewise, the study by González, Campos and Romero (2014) conducted with young footballers corroborated these results, since almost half of the respondents (48%) expressed their concern with the coach's decisions and more than two thirds (68%) expressed that they were affected by possible negative external evaluations in the face of their mistakes.
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Performance analysis in Volleyball has been based on identifying potentially important game actions from a large number of studies ranging from the purely descriptive to those that have utilized correlational analyses. However, more recent research suggests that game performance occurs under dynamical and interactive conditions that are both time and context dependent. Consequently, analyzing the relationships among and between variables could be more useful to understanding the issues in question than the study of frequencies of behaviors. Such a belief supports the need for an ecological notational analysis, one that considers the match as a complex dynamic system. Due to the probabilistic nature of systemic processes, a promising approach to understanding the game may rely in establishing whether a state of the system augments or impairs the probability of a certain future state occurring. This historical feature points towards the importance of knowing the context of emergence of certain behaviors. Research has been moving in this direction, scrutinizing the sequentially of the events and their time course as well as the context of their emergence. Therefore, an analysis of probabilistic relationships between game actions that might predict certain outcomes, as well as taking into account situational variables (such as, the effects of quality of opposition and match status) has increasingly taken centre research stage. Preliminary findings from such work demonstrate a high functional dependence of technical and tactical actions throughout the game flow where, and in some extent, the quality of opposition and match status determine the game performance.
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Research in sport and physical activity tries to improve aspects of their own athletes to enable it to conduct its business more successfully. In the last decades, it has begun to study a personal skill that can overcome adverse situations, resilience. The objective of our investigation is to realize a literature review on the studies that have been conducted in the sports environment in relation to this construct showing the results obtained in the same ones. From this review we will see the existing needs within the research itself that should be corrected in future projects.
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Introduction: The relationship between the level of physical condition and academic performance has been studied for decades and this association has been corroborated in the general population of children. Aim: The aim of this work is to know the relationship between academic performance and athletic performance of triathletes aged 14-18 years old with a high level of aerobic fitness and training. Methods: To this end, the academic and sports performance of a sample of 14 triathletes with a high level of training and aerobic condition was studied. Results & discussion: The results show that there is a relationship between academic performance and athletic performance of triathlete children between 14 and 18 years of age with a high level of aerobic fitness and training. In addition, there is a strong association between linguistic academic performance and athletic performance. Conclusions: There is a relationship between academic performance and athletic performance of triathlete children between 14 and 18 years old with a high level of aerobic fitness and training. There is a strong association between linguistic academic performance and athletic performance of triathlete children between 14 and 18 years old with a high level of aerobic fitness and training.
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In Spain, the study of social goals has been oriented towards physical education and enhancing sports performance through an integrated approach combining social goals, cognitions and achievement goals (Moreno, Parra, & González-Cutre, 2008). However, new tools are needed to assess social goals within the framework of coexistence and social climate. This study examines this particular sphere and aims to: 1) analyse the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Social Achievement Goal Scale (Ryan & Shim, 2006); and 2) determine the predictive value of self-perception of social effi cacy both with teachers and peers, normative adjustment and social goals on social adjustment among peers. The general hypothesis was that social goals will have an infl uence on social adjustment among peers, and that interaction with teachers will have an indirect effect.
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A high level of professionalism, advances in technology and complex data sets containing detailed information about player and team performance have con- tributed to the development of sport science (Williams and Wragg, 2004). Sports performance analysis is a growing branch within sport science. It is concerned with the investigation of actual sports performance in training or competition (O’Donoghue, 2010). One of the most important issues in sport science is to identify outstanding athletes (or teams) based on their perfor- mance. In particular, the question regarding who the best players are in a competition is at the center of debates between sport managers and fans. There are lists and rankings, each with their own criteria and biases. A thor- ough analysis of the players’ performance has direct consequences on the com- position of the team and on transfer policies because this evaluation is used to decide whether the team should recruit or extend the player. To that end, managers and scouts assess players based on their knowledge and experience. However, this process is based on subjective criteria. The observer has devel- oped notions of what a good player should look like based on his/her previous experience (Shea and Baker, 2013). Thus, the evaluation is subjective/biased, which may cause ﬂawed or incomplete conclusions. Traditional means of eval- uating players and teams are best used in conjunction with rigorous statistical methods. One interesting approach to provide objective evidence about how good (or bad) the players perform based on the statistics collected for them is described by Eugster (2012). The author uses archetype analysis (AA) to obtain outstanding athletes (both positively and negatively). These are the players who diﬀer most from the rest in terms of their performance. It has been shown that extreme constituents (Davis and Love, 2010) facilitate human understanding and interpretation of data because of the principle of opposites (Thurau et al., 2012). In other words, extremes are better than central points for human interpretation.
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Acting as a catalyst for collaboration between all parties of the Olympic family, from the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), the International Sports Federations (IFs), the athletes, the Organising Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs), to the TOP partners, broadcast partners and United Nations agencies, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) shepherds success through a wide range of programmes and projects. On this basis it ensures the regular
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The uniqueness of our work lies in the initiative of certifying sports facilities for compliance with innovations in the field of resource conservation. According to the final document of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly with a sustainable development agenda for the period from 2015 to 2030, one of the goals of sustainable development today are: ensuring the availability and rational use of water resources for all; ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all; ensuring the transition to rational consumption and production models . When creating a project, we had a similar goal.
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No solo los E-Sports han llamado la atención de los medios de comunicación y empresas relacionadas con el sector de los videojugegos. También las entidades deportivas de todo el mundo se han fijado en ellos como una sección más que les puede hacer ganar más dinero. En concreto, en nuestro país, varios equipos de fútbol e incluso del baloncesto han presentado sus propios equipos de E-Sports que compiten en los diferentes niveles de la escena nacional. Algunos de estos clubes son Valencia C.F, Baskonia, Real Sociedad, Llagostera, Real Avilés, Sevilla F.C, Sporting de Gijón, Villarreal, Zaragoza, Alavés, Nástic de Tarragona, Cadiz C.F o Levante U.D entre otros. Por supuesto, cabe decir que en el panorama internacional también ha surgido esta tendencia, que inauguró el club turco Besiktas de Estambul en 2015.
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There are other reasons why pupils may not perform, or make an effort, or behave to the standard expected. The task may be, for example, too easy or too difficult or not interesting – therefore pupils are not motivated to do the task. You may not have presented the task clearly or you may respond differently to the same performance, effort or behaviour on different occasions. Pupils may therefore be bored, unclear or confused about what is required of them and may modify the task to make it easier or more difficult, not try to accomplish the task or, on occasion, refuse to do the task altogether. (…)
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Teachers have stated that gender, academic concerns, beliefs, different adolescent tendencies and body compositions caused the students to exhibit timidity in participating in the HRFRC practice. In this context, Teacher 6 commented as follows: "They are already shy because they are teenagers, we cannot make the girls, especially the overweight girls participate in sports activities. We try to motivate them to another activity, but children often remain shy, it is time they discover themselves, girls discover the boys, boys discover the girls.” Also, Teacher 3 said; "We did not test only the 12th graders at school because they did not attend to the school. They are studying for university entrance exams. One of the reasons for not achieving the objective is the timing of the practice. There are no 12th graders in the school" and stated that senior high school students did not participate in the practice due to their academic concerns. The same teacher expressed that: "There are also religious issues. Some students, especially our female students, do not want to participate in such practices. Although we explain the purpose of the practice, they stay back to participate." and emphasized the religiously related difficulties.
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8 audiencia. Hoy, la distribución de la información deportiva tiene un impacto inmiscuido en la sociedad. Las portadas de los diarios impresos, colocan de forma cotidiana información referente a hechos deportivos, las secciones deportivas de los noticieros son consultadas en las páginas web, las parrillas de programación televisiva han generado más contenidos referentes con el deporte, generando tendencia en rating. Todos estos acontecimientos han acercado a los cableoperadores más importantes del país (Claro y Direct TV) a generar canales televisivos especializados en deportes (Claro Sports Colombia y Win Sports), con atractivas posibilidades de contenidos, para que el televidente se sienta a gusto.
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Mundo Sports velara por cuidar cada centavo invertido en el proyecto y estos ingresos usarlos de la mejor manera. Pero no solo nos preocuparemos como empresa por el recurso económico sino mantener los recursos físicos de los emprendedores que iniciamos y apoyamos esta idea que es el esfuerzo, invertir tiempo, dedicación, constancia, innovando, atención al cliente, etc. Fortaleciendo estos y muchos más actitudes por parte del equipo de trabajo se vera de una manera más eficiente los ingresos de la empresa.
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The sample of the studies 4 and 5 was composed of sixteen amateur players (22.17 ± 3.43 years old) In this case players performed the first three bouts of a soccer simulation protocol on two different surfaces (natural grass and artificial turf) whose mechanical properties were assessed (impact reduction, vertical deformation and energy return). The soccer simulation protocol was designed for replicating the physical and physiological demands of soccer matches. In study 4, the physical patterns of soccer players on each surface (sprint time. Non-linear sprint time, speed) were recorded through a photocell system (Microgate, Bolzano, Italy) and GPS devices (HPU, GPSports, Australia). The physiological responses were monitored by means of heart rate monitors (Polar Team System, Kempele, Finland). In study 5, it was assessed the physiological load of the soccer simulation protocol through monitoring the heart rate. The performance of players in a counter-movement jump was recorded before and after the soccer simulation protocol, as well as the response of the rectus femoris and biceps femoris to an electrical stimulus. This last test was performed by means a tensiomyography equipment (BMC Ltd., Ljubljana, Slovenia).
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Sport management involves any combination of skills related to planning, organizing, directing, controlling, budgeting, leading, and evaluating within the context of an organization or department whose primary product or service is related to sport or physical activity (DeSensi, Kelley, Blanton and Beitel, 2003). Sport managers carry out these skills in a variety of organizational settings (for example): college sports; professional sports; amateur sports (Olympics); sport marketing and management firms; sport communications and news media firms; corporate sponsorship and advertising firms; sporting goods firms; arenas, stadium, and civic centers; community recreation sports programs; social service agency sports programs (YMCA, YWCA, JCC); private club sports programs; and military sports programs. According to Parkhouse (2005), the most recent research on the economic impact of sport identifies it as a $213 billion-a-year industry, making it the sixth largest industry in the United States (“The answer is,” SportsBusiness Journal, p.23, December 1999). The wide range of organizational settings where sports occur means that individuals can select and pursue careers in the kind of work environment of their choice and for which they are best suited (public/private organization; profit/non-profit organization; professional/amateur sports; participation/spectator sports).
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The objects of the study are decentralized entities of municipal sports services (municipal sports agencies). We define local decentralized organizations as those organizations with autonomous organizational structures and autonomous management with independent budgets and accounting . We selected a sample group of municipal autonomous organizations that provide sports services to populations of 1,000 inhabitants or greater in Spain, for the period of 2002 to 2011. The sample group varied between 194 and 225 organizations according to the year and a total of 2,139 observations were made. All data for each organization were obtained from the Spanish Ministry of Treasury and Public Administration. All organizations that presented complete information sufficient for calculating the indicators were used. The data were audited in various phases before being included in the database. This type of data gathering is used in practically all scientific literature that analyzes financial variables at the municipal level with large sample groups.
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activity levels of university teaching department students (Tekkanat, 2008), physical activity and quality of life of physical education and sports teacher students were found to be higher than those of other teaching departments. Nevertheless, the results of the National Health Risk Behavior Survey showed that one-third of university students did not participate in physical activity sufficiently enough in terms of healthy-life risks (Douglas, 1997). Brockport State University in New York applies standard physical fitness tests to students of the physical education and sports teaching program during their studies and does not allow those who fail the test to graduate (Stier, 1999). For this reason, the students who want to study in physical education departments should have good sport performance and physical fitness levels besides their academic success. However, a study investigating the physical activity levels of physical education teachers showed that participants had an average 1380,16 min/week physical activity, 41,6 % were physically inactive, 41,6 % were minimum active, and only 16,8% were HEPA (Health-Enhancing Physical Activity) active (Arabacı and Çankaya, 2007). In another study, physical activity levels of physical education teachers seems to affects the motivational situation in the classroom which is beneficial to the students learning process. It has been suggested that higher fitness levels and maintaining to the exercise generates motivation to the physical education teachers (Alcalá et al. 2018). Nowadays, considering the fact that higher education students are faced with risk factors due to physical inactivity, it is necessary to identify the differences in academic achievement and physical activities of physical education students between the theoretical and practical courses during their education periods. In this respect, it is important to produce on-campus and off-campus solutions that increase physical activity.
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ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to verify if the sports sector: school sport, federated or both, are or not associated with rates of academic success of young people. The study involved a stratified random sample of students belonging to the 3rd cycle and secondary education in schools in Madeira Island, Portugal, a total of 2443 students (12.6%). For data collection was constructed and validated an anonymous questionnaire with closed questions. The results indicate that there are no differences between the sports setor, with regard to the rates of school failure. On the other hand, in what concerns to sports activity, it was found that the failure rate was significantly different between football and other sports. Football has higher failure rates, while the gymnastics and swimming are more associated with approval ratings. More studies are needed to identify the causes of school failure in football young players. Keywords: sport sector, academic success, sports activity
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ABSTRACT The study explores the technical optimization of an athlete through the use of intelligent system performance metrics that produce information obtained from inertial sensors associated to the coach's technical qualifications in real time, using Mixed Methods and Machine Learning. The purpose of this study is to illustrate, from the confusion matrices, the different performance metrics that provide information of high pertinence for the sports training in context. 2000 technical fencing actions with two levels of complexity were performed, captured through a single sensor applied in the armed hand and, simultaneously, the gesture’s qualification through a dichotomous way by the coach. The signals were divided into segments through Dynamic Time Warping, with the resulting extracted characteristics and qualitative assessments being fed to a Neural Network to learn the patterns inherent to a good or poor execution. The performance analysis of the resulting models returned a prediction accuracy of 76.6% and 72.7% for each exercise, but other metrics indicate the existence of high bias in the data. The study demonstrates the potential of intelligent algorithms to uncover trends not captured by other statistical methods.
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ABSTRACT The population of disabled people is growing each day, producing social problems that interfere straightly in the capacity of life of this segment. The objective of this inquiry was to investigate the high performance sport as a contribution for social inclusion of blind athletes of the Benjamin Constant Institute. It was observed that the previous students of the Institute, up to two decades before, did not proceed in their studies, although they had egalitarian and constitutional opportunity as a Brazilian citizen. Ten blind athletes, previous students of the Institute from 1994 to 1998, were interviewed. They had, at the time of the research, the high performance athletes’ condition and were at the same time citizens, who work, study and are independent. The inquiry used the qualitative method, employing the semi-structured interview as the instrument of investigation (Flick, 2005; Ruquoy, 2005). The “Content Analysis” technique was used to treat the data (Minayo et al., 2002). The results were organized around three categories: the importance of the sport, orientation and mobility, and life before and after being an athlete. The inquiry concluded that high performance sport contributed to the social inclusion of all the interviewed ones. His testimonies hold the sport responsible as a primordial factor for realization of part of his ideals, suggesting this practice in all the institutions of special teaching.
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