and possibility of expression at home; (3) development, denoting personal fulfillment of each family member; and (4) stability, which assesses organization and respect for the established rules within the family. The instrument was reduced to 60 items with a Likert-style answer op- tions (1 = never, 2 = sometimes, 3 = almost always, 4 = always). Additionally, reliability analysis was done through Cronbach's alpha coefficient (Cronbach, 1951) and following the recommendations by Domínguez-Lara (2016),the confidence intervals (CI) for the data of this study were calculated, corroborating that the 60-item scale presents an adequate internal consistency among the totality of its items (α = .898; IC 95% .858, .927) and among the total of the dimensions such as: relationships (α = .815; IC 95% .747, .866), development (α = .800, IC 95% .727, .855) andstability (α = .788, IC 95% .711, .846). Similar results were reported in other studies (AlDosiry et al., 2015; Extremera & Fernández, 2004).
differences and whether there is enough positive regard to override differences. He found that a certain level of persistent difference and conflict is quite normal in a relationship (1999). The majority (69%) of couples in his studies experience and deal with major issues with no resolution over many years. From Gottmann’s perspective whatever the context of the problem immediately experienced, it will also include a) basic differences in the partners’ personalities, and b) basic differences in needs that are central to their concepts of who they are as people. These “perpetual problems” did not mean that the couple was unhappy. Happily married couples and unhappily married couples had about the same number of differences. What distinguished them was their ability to repair these differences satisfactorily. Romance however does have its place in this. Happily married couples had positive feelings about each other, and these overrode incidents of negative interaction. Even where there were few incidents of negative interaction, the absence of positive feelings about the other person predicted divorce within a North American context (Gottmann and Levenson, 2000). Gottmann concluded from his research that for marital quality andstability the positive communication (listening and expressing) behaviors had to outweigh the negative by five to one. When negative behaviors and memories prevailed, new communications and behaviors tended to be interpreted negatively. A “cascade” of increasing distance and isolation is established, and the marriage would move to a split (Gottmann, 1999). These positive behaviors are not accidental. If they are to be effective, they have to be the creations of a free and continuing mutual commitment. They must be gifts.
The structural sensitivity maps for the optimised configura- tions are shown in Figs. 16h, 17h and 18h, which can be compared to the sensitivities of the original configurations, Figs. 16g, 17g and 18g. For all three contraction ratios, the regions with high sensitivity have been relocated from near the tip corner bubbles to the salient corner bubbles, which shows the beneficial effect of the optimisation in stabilising the mode responsible for asymmetries. Additionally, the lift- up perturbation kinetic energy (uvdU /dy) has almost disap- peared illustrating how the new shapes minimise the lift-up mechanisms resulting in more stable configurations. It is im- portant to note that structural sensitivity and lift-up term show that the physical mechanism behind the pitch fork bifurcation has been changed by very small modification in the geometry. We now analyse the sensitivity of the shape parameters se- lected for optimisation with respect to the growth rate. Fig. 19 shows the influence of the parameters in the growth rates of the asymmetric modes, and provides valuable information on the influence of each parameter in the flow stability. We can see for three different contraction ratios that the angle of the contraction stage (vertical walls) affects the growth rate the most whilst the degree of the super elliptic curve at the salient corner affects the least. This parameter-sensitivity analysis suggests that the optimised configurations are optimal within the design space. It is important to note that all optimised con- figurations reach the edge of the design space, which means that if the design space is enlarged, the optimised configura- tions may go beyond the current design space. However, we have shown that this design space, which was narrowly re- stricted to avoid large deformations, is sufficient to enhance flow stabilityand avoid unsymmetrical flows.
posture for fifteen seconds. After this period, the participant ceased moving their feet and stood still in a regular manner. With the subject’s feet entirely on the pressure platform and at a comfortable position angle, each participant with eyes open looked straight ahead and kept up the arms close to his/her body. Plantar foot pressure was recorded for both feet, simultaneously measured for thirty seconds. If the participant moved in this period, the findings were discarded, and the test was repeated until it was successfully performed. No practice test was conducted. The static values included in each feet evaluation included various parameters, such as: (1) forefoot (urface (cm²), force (%), distribution (%)), (2) rearfoot (surface (cm²), force (%), distribution (%)) and (3) foot (surface (cm²), force (%), maximum pressure (g/cm 2 ), medium pressure (g/cm 2 )). The same test was
Since the first report one century ago (Jiménez de Cisneros, 1911) of decapod crustaceans from the middle Eocene of the Alicante province (SE Spain) (Figure 1), specially from the outcrops known as Els Terrers* in the Lomas de la Beata zone, north of Agost village (Figure 2), several species have been mentioned or described from the Lutetian of the Alicante province (Van Straelen, 1927; Via, 1959, 1965, 1969). Via (1991) reported twelve species found in this province, and quoted four of them as found in Els Terrers outcrops: Dromilites pastoris Via, 1959; Lophoranina marestiana König, 1825; L. straeleni Via, 1959 and Micromaia margaritata Fabiani, 1910. Furthemore, Harpactoxanthopsis quadrilobata Desmarest, 1822 and Harpactocarcinus punctulatus Desmarest, 1822 are also known in Els Terrers (J.R. Pastor, pers. comm.). Agostella terrersensis n.gen. n. sp. is the third new species provided by the Els Terrers outcrops, more precisely by the El Terrer dels Pobres ** (Figure 3).
separating for a while. As happens with any separation within the family, “most family members experience substantial psychological and emotional disturbance around the time of divorce” (Lamb 1999, 126). Summer and Morty are going through a possibly delicate time of their lives, yet they prefer to act as if they have no problem with it by constantly telling Jerry to move on from Beth (McMahan 2017a, 06:26). Even so, in one way or another they end up manifesting their distress: Morty wets himself in history class and Summer is caught inhaling pottery glaze in the art room (Gao 2017, 06:11). As a family, they are advised by the principal to attend psychological counseling and, when they do, Beth tells the therapist: “They’re just angry at me for divorcing their father” (13:58). Summer contradicts her and refuses to acknowledge that the reason behind her problems at school was the divorce. Even so, Beth explains to her: “that’s the point of pottery-enamel huffing, Summer. You do it so you don’t have to say ‘I’m angry at mommy’ out loud” (14:07). Even though they leave the therapy session doubting whether it had helped with their problems, at the end of season three, Beth and Jerry decide to try to make their marriage work. What happens after this reconciliation will most likely be the main narrative in season four of Rick and Morty .
Regarding the specific case of guerrilla warfare, one can also argue the existence of a relationship between natural disasters such as floods and landslides—mostly a result of extreme weather conditions—and the number and intensity of attacks. Guerrilla military strategies consist of not holding ground, concentrating for action, performing small and occasionally large attacks, and then immediately dispersing (Paschal, 2012). In this regard, guerilla warfare may respond or react to weather and terrain conditions. As natural disasters make it difficult to carry out guerrilla attacks in the municipality where they occur, combatants may decide to launch attacks in neighboring ones where the terrain and weather conditions are expected to be better. Figure 1 shows preliminary quantitative evidence in favor of this hypothesis. As can be observed, there is a positive relationship between conflicts in a given municipality and natural disasters in neighboring ones. This positive relationship is further supported by qualitative evidence gathered from the testimony given by a former member of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the strongest guerrilla group in the country, in a detailed interview conducted specifically for this purpose.
Legislation on gender equality (in force from 1979) helped to equate the participation and opportunities of men and women across societal institutions. Norway’s Gender Equality Act was to apply not just to the labor market but throughout society. Discrimination on the grounds of gender was prohibited. Some leeway in treatment was allowed, however, to improve the status of women in society. The active promotion of gender equality was increasingly to be integrated in public policy reforms, and was made the responsibility of public authorities (Vollset, 2011:60–63). A Gender Equality Ombudsman was established, and an Appeals Board. The former Equal Wage Council had earlier been replaced by a Gender Equality Council.
Se aprecian errores en algunos recursos citados en la declaración de SemFYC. Así, Archives of Family Medicine cesó en 2000; BMC Family Medicine se llama BMC Family Practice; Canadian Family Practice es Canadian Family Phy- sician; Journal of American Board of Family Practice pasó a denominarse Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine en 2006. Una colaboración entre documentalistas y el grupo de trabajo de SemFYC hubiese podido subsanar estos errores en origen 19 . La tabla 2 muestra los títulos con
For a deeper knowledge of these aspects, we can use the 'geodesic distance'. Geodesic distance, or geodesics, measures the shortest path between an actor and another one. It is said that a path is a sequence of links connecting a sequence of nodes. Thus, the geodesic path measures the most efficient connection between two nodes (see Table 1). A value of 1 indicates direct connection between nodes, whereas a connection with value of 2 indicates that the connection between both nodes must be done by means of an intermediate node. In our analyzed cartel, the distances are small –no one has more than a value of 2 in terms of geodesic path-, which suggests that the information moves rapidly in this network and, as we already know, any pair of nodes are connected each other, because some path exists between them.
- Sensors; they are responsible of detect the changes and transmit the information to the actuators. They are formed by one bus coupler and a terminal module. The same sensor will be able to practise some functions, this manner it will have to program it one application when it is being programmed, for exampe the light sensor, etc.
in a plane XZ with the NACA0012 airfoil located at the center of a circular domain of radius R = 100c. The used mesh is shown in figure 2. The radius of the domain and the number of mesh points were varied until the convergence of the most unstable eigenvalue was reached. Far field boundary conditions were applied to the external boundary and no-slip boundary conditions were used for the airfoil. The RANS simulations were carried out with the steady version of the TAU solver until the maximum residual was less than 10~ 8 . Several turbulence models were tested and compared with the experimental data available on
I construct a model with endogenous liability structure which builds on Gomes et al. (2014). This is a general equilibrium model in which firms may finance investment through retained earnings, short-term debt, or by issuing new equity. Intuitively, firms have a preference for debt financing, since it provides them with a tax advantage. On the other hand, leverage increases a firm’s risk exposure. Access to new funds is limited in the short term, due to a collateral constraint on borrowing and to dilution costs on eq- uity issuance. This exposes firms to a risk of liquidity shortage when revenue is depressed, with this risk being increasing in the amount of outstanding debt obligations. In a standard fire sales spiral, endogenous asset prices feed back into the collateral constraint of firms, amplifying adverse shocks in crisis times. I consider two types of shocks. Changes in productivity cause fluc- tuations in output during “normal” times. Large capital destruction shocks hit the economy on rare occasions. I investigate how a reduction in volatility during normal times, potentially due to monetary policy measures, affects the endogenous financial risk taking and how this, in turn, affects the fragility of the economy with respect to the rare shocks.
results, both for the relative stabilityand the absolute folding energy. Consideration of the specific values of the optimal dielectric constants leads to an exciting conceptual description of the reorganization effect during the folding process. Although this description should be examined by further microscopic studies, the practical use of the current approach seems to offer a powerful tool for protein design and for studies of the energetics of protein folding.
Results. Families with ED have a different structure from the families in the control group. They have more psychiatric history and poor coping skills. The family hierarchy is not clearly defined and the leadership is diffuse, with strict and unpredictable rules, more intergenerational coalitions, and fewer alliances. The relationship between the parents is distant or confrontational, and their attitudes towards their children are complacent and selfish, with ambivalent and unaffectionate bonds. In the case of mothers, this is manifested by separation anxiety and dyadic dependence. Their expectations concerning their offspring are either very demanding and unrealistic, or indifferent, and there is less control of their behavior, in addition to poor organization of the family meals.
But according to the specificity of the analysis presented here and contrary to what other authors have argued rather hastily, both the information from the microdata from the PNADs and those of the Population Census are extremely valid for the studies that have been developed within the Rurban Project, as well as in others. These two databases are totally valid for a thorough review of rural-urban relations in Brazil and, through their territorial divisions, to rediscuss the relevance of the biunivocal relationship between rural and agricultural and urban and non-agricultural, which means making the necessary break with rural-urban and agricultural-non-agricultural dichotomies.
This study also clearly found that the primary role of family is the care, protection and education of children, a role that is fulfilled by all types of existing familyand all stages of history. In order to fulfill this function the needs of children should be define, and as we have seen, they remain the same as in earlier times, because they correspond to true human nature, which allows us to confirm that these needs are permanent despite how rapidly and deeply social contexts change. "Today more than ever, we see that genuine human needs remain the same as always and that interpersonal communication is what gives meaning to life, being one of the characteristics that best defines human beings and is the foundation of all social life. " (Martin Requero, MI 2008: 143)