The Society of the Spectacle - Criticism and interpretation

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Avatar = Pinocchio 2 0 or "The end of the Society of the Spectacle"

Avatar = Pinocchio 2 0 or "The end of the Society of the Spectacle"

Finally, I think that it is important to consider the extraordinary worldwide success of Avatar in today’s world. It is true that it benefits from 3D technology, but it is none the less true that this technology would not, by itself, affect half the viewers of this film. Rather, there is an odd neo-romanticism in the conflu- ence between technology, dematerialisation and nature. All the world’s cultures can identify with the story’s different tribes. All can suffer from military violence at the service of private, criminal interests. All can doubt the value of hard technology. But the soft virtual world seems to be a proper, balanced way out, far removed from the current socio-political miasma. In fact, the ancient biblical exegesis is perfectly applicable to this film. Avatar is a kind of anagogic parable of the struggle between good and evil. Avatars (in all their forms, not only those of the film’s characters) are allegories: they possess attributes and powers like in the mediaeval allegories. They can be transformed by the power of magic, can fly and teleport. As in mediaeval allegories, they have missions to comply with to obtain an anagogic order of eternal life. And pure hearts can secure the final victory and win back Paradise Lost.
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Illuminations I: Lights, Material Culture and the Society of Spectacle in the Late Middle Ages

Illuminations I: Lights, Material Culture and the Society of Spectacle in the Late Middle Ages

The constancy in the [New] Christian converts’ preoccupation with acquiring lights shows continuity with Jewish customs. A glance at the responsa material shows that oil for lighting the synagogue and also for the school/Midras was regularly given by community members (S. b.Adret, Responsa vii, 268). The kindling of the lamp was perceived as a special privilege: the first to perform the rite was confirmed for life (S. b. Zemah Duran, Responsa ii, 106). In the fifteenth century, R. Shlomoh ben Simeon Zemah Duran opines that one should not reject marranos’ gifts of oil, so as not to arouse their hatred (p.143, iii, 239 passim). The evidence for contribution by the conversos to lighting expenses is not exclusive, then, to Inquisitorial sources or notarial archives: it cannot be ascribed to distortions by the primary source. The cases of Aragon show little difference to those of Castile. Here, the local synagogues also depend on the con- tributions of conversos from different social backgrounds. The Synagogue of Cuellar was in receipt of contributions for its illuminations that came from an individual with a University education: the alcaide of the town of Cuéllar (Baer, II, #422, 522). These were given to the "samas" [as the Inquisition record tells us switching linguistic codes to Hebrew as is frequent in that type of evidence] don Ça Corral [i.e. don Ishaq Corral] (…de casa del licenciado Diego de Alava alcaide de Cuéllar daban a don Ça Corral, samas de la synoga para azeite a la synoga). The Jew Yuda Lozano converted to Chris- tianity and adopted the name Antonio de la Torre. He remembered how, as a Jew, he had received donations of wax and oil for the synagogue of Cuéllar (Baer II 527).
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The book of the twelve and the new form criticism

The book of the twelve and the new form criticism

Boda, Mark J., Michael H. Floyd and Colin M. Toffelmire, eds. The book of the twelve and the new form criticism [en línea]. Ancient Near East Monographs = Monografías sobre el Antiguo Cercano Oriente 10. Buenos Aires : Society of Biblical Literature ; Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente, Universidad Católica Argentina, 2015. Disponible en:

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Topological Complexity in ads(3)/CFT2

Topological Complexity in ads(3)/CFT2

A useful definition of complexity in continuum field theory is currently unavailable. A sharper picture is, however, provided by tensor network states [35]. It is known that some tensor networks are relevant to CFT: the Multi-scale Entanglement Renormalization Ansatz (MERA) is a tensor network known to accurately approximate CFT ground states [36]. These networks live on discretizations of hyperbolic space, and, as a result, many statements from holography have a natural realization in such states. In particular, their entanglement entropies are bounded from above by the RT formula [4]. Other networks can satisfy tighter bounds, for example the quantum error-correcting codes of [6], where it was shown that, for a single entangling interval, the discretized Ryu-Takayanagi formula holds exactly. 3
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Aplicación del Plasma Rico en Factores de Crecimiento autólogo en asociación con Céleulas Madre Mesenquimales derivadas de grasa en el tratamiento de heridas experimentales en el conejo / tesis doctoral presentada por Deborah Chicharro Alcántara ; dirigid

Aplicación del Plasma Rico en Factores de Crecimiento autólogo en asociación con Céleulas Madre Mesenquimales derivadas de grasa en el tratamiento de heridas experimentales en el conejo / tesis doctoral presentada por Deborah Chicharro Alcántara ; dirigida por [el] Dr Joaquín J Sopena Juncosa, [la] Dra Mónica Rubio Zaragoza, [y el] Dr José María Carrillo Poveda

Las células del endotelio vascular, los macrófagos y las plaquetas son las principales fuentes de bFGF (Kiritsy et al., 1993). En general, el EGF es producido por fibroblastos, células endoteliales, células musculares lisas y condrocitos. Dicho factor posee un potente efecto mitogéncio por las células mesenquimales (como los fibroblastos, condrocitos y mioblastos) y por las células de origen neuroectodérmico. También son potentes mitógenos para las células endoteliales, la angiogénesis y pueden estimular a los queratinocitos (Nimni, 1997). Fueron aislados por primera vez en los años 70 a partir de extractos de cerebro bovino, basándose en su carácter mitogénico y angiogénico. Son producidos en algún momento durante el desarrollo de tejidos tales como epitelial, muscular, conectivo y nervioso. Debido a que los FGFs han perdido la secuencia del péptido señal, el cual determina en otros factores de crecimiento su secreción extracelular vía retículo endoplásmico rugoso/aparato de Golgi, se ha sugerido que su liberación fuera de la célula puede darse siguiendo una ruta exocítica independiente (Mignatti and Rifkin, 1991).
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Sembrando una profesión: la intersección entre el Estado, los intereses internacionales y el desarrollo precoz de la enfermería brasileña

Sembrando una profesión: la intersección entre el Estado, los intereses internacionales y el desarrollo precoz de la enfermería brasileña

Brazil’s nursing school creation process also mirrored the institutionalization of nursing education globally. In Brazil, this momentum was initiated and facilitated by the supporters within the Rockefeller Foundation. After World War I, early nurse leaders committed to spread- ing the concept of a professional nurse work- force who were critically involved in improving population health. Various publications from that time show that nurses Adelaide Nutting and Ethel Bedford Fenwick had positioned themselves in advisory capacities with both the U.S. and British governments in an effort to advocate and promote the idea of the profes- sional nurse globally (Cytrynowicz, 2002; Cas- tro Santos, 2008). They established a precedent for collective action by nurses from industrial- ized nations. Their early work deeply inspired nurses and women within the US Sanitary Commission, most of whom were also involved in North American philanthropy through the Rockefeller Foundation (Castro Santos, 2008; Armeny, 1983). In Brazil, this global movement translated into the creation of “elite” nursing
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El rol de los Cuidados Paliativos en la Insuficiencia Cardiaca Avanzada y Terminal

El rol de los Cuidados Paliativos en la Insuficiencia Cardiaca Avanzada y Terminal

17. Patel B, Secheresiu P, Shah M, Racharla L, Alsalem AB, Agarwal M, et al. Trends and Predictors of Pa- lliative Care Referrals in Patients With Acute Heart Failure. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine®. 29 de agosto de 2018;104990911879619. 18. Wong FKY, So C, Ng AYM, Lam P-T, Ng JSC, Ng NHY, et  al. Cost-effectiveness of a transitional ho- me-based palliative care program for patients with end-stage heart failure. Palliative Medicine. febrero de 2018;32(2):476-84.

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“ANALYSIS OF THE USAGE OF STORYTELLING AS A METHODOLOGICAL STRATEGY TO INCREASE ENGLISH VOCABULARY AT FIFTH GRADE OF BASIC EDUCATION “C” AT “UNIDAD EDUCATIVA COMBATIENTES DE TAPI” DURING THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2018 2019”

“ANALYSIS OF THE USAGE OF STORYTELLING AS A METHODOLOGICAL STRATEGY TO INCREASE ENGLISH VOCABULARY AT FIFTH GRADE OF BASIC EDUCATION “C” AT “UNIDAD EDUCATIVA COMBATIENTES DE TAPI” DURING THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2018 2019”

The last group are the post –tasks activities that encourage learners to consolidate vocabulary or any other linguistic feature that took place during the story. Moreover, these tasks provide children the opportunity to express their own ideas while using English. The most useful activities to work out during a story-based lesson are: Role plays that are ways to bring situations from real life into the classroom while making students improve their language confidence (Torres, 2017). Information gap activity is designed to make the students being able to handle more realistic communication due to fact that some information is hiding from some students so that there is something that the other ones need to find out (Richards & Rodgers, 2001). Labeling activities boost students to improve their vocabulary and categorization skills. Also helps students organize new concepts making relations with the previously learned ones (Rocket, 2014).
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The Problem Of Improving The Efficiency Of Public Administration In Modern Russia

The Problem Of Improving The Efficiency Of Public Administration In Modern Russia

It is these problems that predetermine the need to develop an effective public adminis- tration strategy in Russia, since old approa- ches and methods no longer meet the cha- llenges of our time. as priority measures, it is possible to suggest strengthening of con- trol by the political leadership, representative power over the work of the government and state apparatus. another measure should be an increase in the executive discipline of sta- te administration, as well as an effective fight against corruption, an increase in the presti- ge of the state service and the formation of a positive image of Russian officials in the mass consciousness.
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Higher education as a common good in China: A case study for ideas and practices

Higher education as a common good in China: A case study for ideas and practices

Confucian rituals and morals also gave rise to four ideal figures of the worthy recipient: the aged, the orphan, the widow, and the sick. Care for the aged is mainly motivated by the patriarchal respect for the elderly; care for orphans is impelled by ancestral worship; and care for widows is engendered by the Confucian cult for female chastity (Tsu 1912). These four figures correspond to four major institutions of benevolent societies: the foundling homes for abandoned infants, poorhouses for the destitute elderly, public dispensaries for the helpless sick, and widows’ homes for chaste widows (Leung 1993: 10). This emphasis on moral values rather than the degree of poverty in determining the “worthiness” of the poor was sustained throughout Qing China (Leung 1993:24). It was only from the Late Qing to the Republican period that organizations for the common good started to target a broader range of beneficiaries regardless of their morality, including the unemployed, young men lacking filial piety, young criminals, and prostitutes (Huang 2011: 3).
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Referencias 
          bibliográficas

Referencias bibliográficas

84. Alberda C, Gramlich L, Jones N, Jeejeebhoy K, Day AG, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK. The relationship between nutritional intake and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients: Results of an international multicenter observational study. Intensive Care Med 2009;35:1728-37. 85. Liu KJ, Cho MJ, Atten MJ, Panizales E. Hypocaloric parenteral nutrition support in elderly

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On the question of modern industrial reproduction specifics

On the question of modern industrial reproduction specifics

However, this point of view contradicts the theory about the nature of human needs, the main provisions of which are reduced to the impossibility of the existence of society without production, because all the essentials are created in the process of social and production activity by transforming natural resources. In this case, the emergence of the economy occurs with the beginning of production of material goods aimed at meeting various human needs (Sychev, 2010). In this case, production and consumption are closely and inextricably linked. On the one hand, demand is the driving force behind production, but on the other hand, the production of specific types of goods creates a need for them. At the same time, needs play a significant role in public life and in the process of stimulating production and economic activity. In general, the production of material goods can also be organized in the absence of intangible assets. However, certain material goods are required to produce intangible assets. In addition, the creation of intangible goods is also driven by the need to produce improved or fundamentally new material goods. Therefore, modern services act as a catalyst for the development of material production. At the same time, material production, even in the modern post-industrial economy, plays the role of the main source of satisfaction of various needs of society.
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Making use of the Food and Drug Administration briefing documents to reconsider the safety of the antipsychotic sertindole

Making use of the Food and Drug Administration briefing documents to reconsider the safety of the antipsychotic sertindole

Sertindole was approved in the United Kingdom (UK) in May 1996 and later in other European countries through the Mutual Recognition Procedure. A potential safety signal concerning death rates during sertindole treatment was detected in the UK Medicines Control Agency’s Adverse Drug Reaction On-Line Information Tracking database. Due to sertindole’s known effect on the QT interval, there was concern that this possible signal was a reflection of an increased risk of serious and fatal arrhythmias. On November 2, 1998, the Netherlands initiated the marketing suspension of sertindole in the European Union (EU). On June 6, 1999, the European Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) decided to suspend the marketing authorization in the EU until further data from further studies could be presented.[16]
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ISKRM: an implicit simple knowledge representation model

ISKRM: an implicit simple knowledge representation model

agent’s expressive/perceptive systems’ services. A simple example, but also another use, could be a numeric subsystem to easy numeric and formula processing in a way more efficient that ISKRM reasoning. In this case concepts are followed by “:” and the name of the perceptive/expressive system that process them or that identifies its kind. The reasoning engine could associate concepts to services to be requested to those systems. In this way the agent could operate with symbols like the following: <<< 1:numeric 2:numeric> +:numeric> evaluate:numeric>. In a similar way can operate on character strings, eventually separating words and organizing conceptual structures to easy Natural Language understanding. From this, agents can have plugHins or modules that give specialized services for certain kind of data that is more efficiently processed by conventional imperative models. In order to be able to use them some knowledge about the systems has to be introduced.
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Early-age hepatocellular carcinoma associated with hepatitis B infection in South America

Early-age hepatocellular carcinoma associated with hepatitis B infection in South America

We designed a retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying the demographics and risk factors associated with HCC in South America. Overall, fourteen medical centers from six countries in South America participated. Each center was responsible for adhering to their respective institutional review policies. Participating centers completed a standardized, retrospective chart review of patient characteristics at the time of HCC diagnosis. Data was then de-identified and placed into a composite database. Diagnosis of HCC was made radiographically or histologically for all cases as defined by
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Respuesta subjetiva a estímulos emocionales en psicosis aguda

Respuesta subjetiva a estímulos emocionales en psicosis aguda

En las clasificaciones diagnósticas, Carpenter y cols. (1973) empezaron a otorgar importancia a los síntomas positivos (trastornos del contenido del pensamiento y la percepción, ciertos aspectos formales del pensamiento y ciertos comportamientos) y negativos (aplanamiento afectivo, apatía y algunos aspectos formales del pensamiento). En 1975, Taylor y Abrams sugieren modificar los criterios Feighner, proponiendo los suyos que revisarían posteriormente en 1979. Promovidos por el National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) surgen en 1975 los Criterios Diagnósticos de Investigación (RDC en sus siglas en inglés) de Spitzer, Endicott y Robins. Wing (1978) en la misma línea, presenta el contraste entre ambos tipos, pero sería Crow en 1980 quien establecería la terminología y a la distinción de los síntomas positivos y negativos y formularía la primera tipología en la esquizofrenia, basada no sólo en la fenomenología sino en la relación de los síntomas predominantes con otras variables clínicas e incluso con hipotéticos mecanismos patofisiológicos: Esquizofrenia tipo I y Esquizofrenia tipo II (Crow, 1980). La aparición del sistema de clasificación de la American Psychiatryc Association (APA), el Manual diagnóstico y estadístico de los trastornos mentales (DSM) inspirado en esos grupos de criterios, supuso una convergencia entre los puntos de vista antes mencionados de Kraepelin, Bleuler y Schneider (Black, Yates y Andreasen, 1989; Serrallonga y Rojo, 2003). A finales de siglo, en 1988, Bentall, Jackson y Pilgrim comenzaron a cuestionar la validez y la utilidad del constructo esquizofrenia y apuestan por el estudio de los síntomas psicóticos como fenómenos psicológicos de pleno derecho frente a los síndromes tradicionales.
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Home parenteral nutrition in children: procedures, experiences and reflections.

Home parenteral nutrition in children: procedures, experiences and reflections.

This document summarizes the issues raised in a think- tank meeting held by professionals with expertise in pe- diatric Home Parenteral Nutrition. This nutritional technology enables patients to return home to their fam- ily and social environment, improves their quality of life and decreases health-care costs; however, it is complex and requires an experienced nutritional support team. Patient selection is normally made according to their un- derlying disease, the estimated duration of support and family and social characteristics. The patient’’s family must agree to take on caregiver’s responsibilities and should be able to perform treatment safely and effective- ly after receiving proper training from the nutritional support team. Close monitoring must be carried out to ensure tolerance and effectiveness of nutritional support, thereby avoiding complications. This nutritional treat- ment achieves, in most cases, recovery and intestinal adaptation in varying periods of time. In certain dis- eases, and when home parenteral nutrition becomes complicated, intestinal transplant may be recommend- able, so referral to rehabilitation units and Intestinal Transplantation should be made early on.
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Metodología 
          empleada

Metodología empleada

“ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: Intensive care”; 20 “Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Adult Critically Ill Patient. From the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN); 17 “Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Critical Illness Evidenced- Based Nutrition Practice Guidelines”; 21 “Evidence-based guidelines for nutritional support of the critically ill: Results of a bi-national guideline development conference held at Carlton (Australia). From the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS)”; 22 y las “Recomendaciones para el Soporte Nutricional del paciente crítico. Consenso SEMICYUC- SENPE”. 23
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Anemia and transfusion of red blood cells

Anemia and transfusion of red blood cells

The risks and complications of RBCT include: the transmission of infectious diseases, immune suppression, acute respiratory distress syndrome, circulatory overload and errors in administration. With these potential or actual adverse effects taken together with the large variability in observed prescriptions, it has been determined that when faced with “liberal” or “defensive” traditional transfusion criteria, more restrictive transfusion practices are adopted along with an enhanced usage of alternative treatments.However, we must be cautious because this trend can lead us to expose patients unnecessarily to risks of anemia and hypoxia by not administering transfusions.
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Editorial

Editorial

The release of volume 6 of the magazine finds us at a very eventful moment. First, the publication “Orientation and Society”, which used to be a production by the Psychology Department of the School of Humanities and Educational Sciences of the Universidad Nacional de La Plata, has come to be part of the new School of Psychology since September 2006. This constitutes a milestone in our discipline since, after almost 50 years, we have become an independent Academic Unit, accredited by a long period of high teaching standards, research and community outreach programs. Such an event has caused changes, readjustments and re-dimensions within several academic and management areas, which delayed this publication. These issues were connected with the shortage of economic resources for the implementation of this publishing project. But we’ve made an effort, hoping to continue this undertaking and we’ve reached this new volume.
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