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Thin Film Solar Cells: Modeling, Obtaining and Applications

Thin Film Solar Cells: Modeling, Obtaining and Applications

... In this chapter, we present the results for several types of heterojunction solar cells that are particularly focused on the use of thin film devices for photovoltaic conversion [5]. We dis‐ cuss the ...

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Application of advanced thin film technologies to the manufacture of multijunction solar cells

Application of advanced thin film technologies to the manufacture of multijunction solar cells

... coating film fabrication are very ...coating film increase the incidence light. As one thin film technology, PVD is commonly used for both of them due to its high purity operation environment ...

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Epitaxial Thin Film Growth and Study of Charge and Mass Transport Properties of Mixed Ionic Electronic Conducting GdBaCo2O5+δ (GBCO)

Epitaxial Thin Film Growth and Study of Charge and Mass Transport Properties of Mixed Ionic Electronic Conducting GdBaCo2O5+δ (GBCO)

... only a minute or two in most cases. Additionally, the electron microprobe can function like a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and obtain highly magnified secondary- and backscattered-electron images of a sample. The ...

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Effect of annealing and UV radiation time over micropore architecture of self assembled block copolymer thin film

Effect of annealing and UV radiation time over micropore architecture of self assembled block copolymer thin film

... the thin films were annealed at 120°C; however, only one was taken as base (2 h) (Figure 8a) and four were irradiated with UV light of 245 nm for 2, 4, 6, and 8 h (Figure ...last thin film (8 h, UV ...

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COMPOSITE OF CdS THIN FILM CONTAINING CdS NANO PARTICLES WITHIN HIGH CONDUCTIVE CdS MATRIX PREPARED BY MICROWAVE ASSISTED CHEMICAL BATH DEPOSITION

COMPOSITE OF CdS THIN FILM CONTAINING CdS NANO PARTICLES WITHIN HIGH CONDUCTIVE CdS MATRIX PREPARED BY MICROWAVE ASSISTED CHEMICAL BATH DEPOSITION

... and thin film can be synthesized in by this technique. The CdS thin film obtain was crystalline in nature mainly with hexagonal ...CdS thin film has optimal conductivity of ...

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Raman and Ellipsometric Investigation of 570 nm CdTe thin film layer deposited by RF-Sputtering system

Raman and Ellipsometric Investigation of 570 nm CdTe thin film layer deposited by RF-Sputtering system

... CdTe thin film was measured in the wavelength range of 400 – 700 nm, as seen in ...the thin film may decrease more and finally reaches zero ...

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Optical and structural characterization of oleic acid stabilized CdTe nanocrystals for solution thin film processing

Optical and structural characterization of oleic acid stabilized CdTe nanocrystals for solution thin film processing

... solution-processable thin film solar ...CdTe thin films that were free of cadmium tellurate or tellurium ...and thin films were characterized by TEM, X-ray diffraction, UV–vis spectroscopy and ...

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 High performance thin film organic lasers for sensing applications 

 High performance thin film organic lasers for sensing applications 

... Díaz-García. Thin film organic lasers have demonstrated its applicability at laboratory scale, spectroscopy, optical communications, chemical sensing or ...processed thin film organic lasers ...

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Thin film electroacoustic resonators for physical and chemical sensing

Thin film electroacoustic resonators for physical and chemical sensing

... While all EA devices can operate in gaseous media, the operation in liquid environments deserves special attention since it is restricted to only few of them [125]. An EA device can be suitable for in-liquid operation ...

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The Navier slip thin film equation for 3D fluid films: Existence and uniqueness

The Navier slip thin film equation for 3D fluid films: Existence and uniqueness

... A rather natural question in the context of parabolic problems is how the regularity of the free boundary propagates. This question has been studied by Kienzler [52], Koch [59], and Seis [72] for the porous-medium ...

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Studies on CIS thin Films Deposited by R. F. Sputtering and CdS Nanoparticles Deposited by Microwave Assisted CBD for Photovoltaic Aplications

Studies on CIS thin Films Deposited by R. F. Sputtering and CdS Nanoparticles Deposited by Microwave Assisted CBD for Photovoltaic Aplications

... of thin films is the most important characterization because; all the properties of thin films are governed and controlled by their ...of thin films is an essential factor to understand its behaviour ...

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Cherenkov resonances in vortex dissipation in superconductors

Cherenkov resonances in vortex dissipation in superconductors

... The LO effect is not a unique mechanism for producing a deviation of the I-V curve from linearity. If the vortex ve- locity exceeds the speed of sound in the crystal the dissipa- tion increases due to Cherenkov emission ...

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Solidly Mounted Resonators with Carbon Nanotube Electrodes for Biosensing Applications

Solidly Mounted Resonators with Carbon Nanotube Electrodes for Biosensing Applications

... a thin film of interconnecting CNTs is significantly higher than the surface area of a metal thin film electrode; hence the binding area is increased without physically increasing the size of ...

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New strategies in laser processing of TCOs for light management improvement in thin-film silicon solar cells

New strategies in laser processing of TCOs for light management improvement in thin-film silicon solar cells

... on thin film (CdTe, CIGS or a-Si:H), laser techniques acquire a more relevant and clearly strategic ...in thin film modules (laser scribing) have proven to be the most effective, and most ...

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Green energy generation by pressure retarded osmosis: State of the art and technical advancement—review

Green energy generation by pressure retarded osmosis: State of the art and technical advancement—review

... performance thin- film composite PRO ...based thin film composite hollow fiber membranes over a PES support for PRO through chemical modification was carried out by Ingole et ...A ...

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Easy and low cost aqueous precipitation method to obtain Cu2ZnSn(S, Se)4 thin layers

Easy and low cost aqueous precipitation method to obtain Cu2ZnSn(S, Se)4 thin layers

... as an absorber for thin film photovoltaic solar cells is discussed in this report. Particular emphasis is directed toward the procedure´s steps of the CZTSSe preparation, as well as its structure and ...

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Magnetic relaxation due to spin pumping in thick ferromagnetic films in contact with normal metals

Magnetic relaxation due to spin pumping in thick ferromagnetic films in contact with normal metals

... The manner by which the magnetization relaxes toward equilibrium is governed by the spin interactions and the detailed structure of a magnetic system, and its understanding is important from the point of view of basic ...

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TítuloDevelopment of a Novel Monolith Bioreactor for the Treatment of VOC polluted Air

TítuloDevelopment of a Novel Monolith Bioreactor for the Treatment of VOC polluted Air

... The influence of the gas flow rate on the reactor's performance was evaluated. In the range of gas flow rates of 18 to 110 l h-1, the removal efficiency first remained constant, around 90% (Figure 4), while gradually ...

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TítuloBehaviour and optimization of a novel monolith bioreactor for wasre gas treatment

TítuloBehaviour and optimization of a novel monolith bioreactor for wasre gas treatment

... Reactors using monolithic catalyst supports may be an attractive alternative to conventional multi-phase reactors and have been used in bioconversion and fermentation processes. Nevertheless, hardly any study has been ...

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Disjoining pressure and the film-height-dependent surface tension of thin liquid films: New insight from capillary wave fluctuations

Disjoining pressure and the film-height-dependent surface tension of thin liquid films: New insight from capillary wave fluctuations

... the study of the line tension as described by the classical theory [171 ]. Another important application refers to the dewetting dynamics of adsorbed liquid films, whether as described by linear theories [33,172], or the ...

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