THIRD WORLD

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Germán Alburquerque y Diego Vilches
LAS REVISTAS TIERS MONDE Y THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY Y LA PRESENCIA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES DEL TERCER MUNDO EN EL PRIMER MUNDO (1979-1983) (en español)

Germán Alburquerque y Diego Vilches LAS REVISTAS TIERS MONDE Y THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY Y LA PRESENCIA DE LAS CIENCIAS SOCIALES DEL TERCER MUNDO EN EL PRIMER MUNDO (1979-1983) (en español)

Existen dos formas posi- bles y en principio antagónicas de com- prender los resultados obtenidos. La pri- mera se deriva del objetivo general del artículo, cual es destacar dos revistas eu- ropeas a raíz del espacio que brindaron a las ciencias sociales del Tercer Mundo. Según esta interpretación la ciencia social periférica se insertaría en el Primer Mundo académico a través de las publi- caciones británica y francesa examinadas. A la labor que Tiers Monde venía desple- gando hacía ya casi dos décadas se sumó la de Third World Quarterly en 1979. Para los cinco años siguientes hemos de- terminado que una gran proporción de los materiales de las revistas tuvieron como autores a profesionales del Tercer Mundo, los cuales pudieron divulgar sus investigaciones y enfoques a un público amplio, así como conocer la producción de los otros continentes periféricos y des- cubrir problemáticas comunes. Esto des- mentiría el acento denunciativo de la de- pendencia académica, ya que, en vez de bloquear el acceso del Tercer Mundo a la primera fila de la ciencia social, revistas e instituciones del Centro estimularon su inclusión. Devés-Valdés (2008), aludiendo tanto a la Third World Foundation como al Institut for Development Studies y pre- ocupado por la circulación de la elabora- ción científica de la Periferia, expresa que “fueron precisamente las máquinas de los imperios, sus instituciones y cana- les, aquellos que más contribuyeron a esta circulación y de no ser por tales má- quinas la circulación habría sido menos fluida aún” (Devés-Valdés, 2008: 105). Hasta el día de hoy los estudios acerca del lugar de la ciencia de los países en desarrollo en el campo mundial han
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Expansión of third world navies, by Michael A. Morris, London : Macmillan Press, 1987

Expansión of third world navies, by Michael A. Morris, London : Macmillan Press, 1987

La especificidad propia a las armadas del Tercer Mundo no radica solamente en un poder de fuego necesariamente más restrin- gido que el de las grandes potencias (o de los Estados desarro[r]

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What is development.pdf

What is development.pdf

Widening the international scope of DS in this way is also consistent with a view of development as structural change and with the post-modern broad conceptualization of development within a discourse. It will be recalled that to a large extent the basis of the post-modernist critique of development is that the dominant discourse of Western modernity is imposed on the Third World. However, if ‘development’ is defi ned to encompass the entire planet (reminiscent of the approach of the Brandt Commission – Independent Commission on International Development Issues, 1980 – and of the Brundtland Commission – World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987), to include increased interconnectedness across the planet through globalization as well as diversity of value systems (for example cultural or spiritual) without any con- notation of inferior or superior conditions, then the extent of inconsistency between the fi rst and third conceptualizations which we have established earlier in this chapter would be considerably reduced. A possible response to this argument from the post- modernists might be that perspectives of socio-economic change in developing coun- tries is best left to nationals of those countries and that the expansion of the scope of DS to cover global development is simply another way of imposing the values of the industrialized countries on developing countries. However, such a response would imply a remarkably compartmentalized view of international development at a time when boundaries are becoming less signifi cant in many spheres of human activity.
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wolfgang-sachs-the-development-dictionar

wolfgang-sachs-the-development-dictionar

The global ecosystems approach was not without competitors; but both the biocentric and the humanist perspectives were foreign to the perceptions of the international development elite. Attributing absolute value to nature for its own sake, as environmentalists in the tradition of Thoreau, Emerson and Muir did, would have barred the way to continuing, albeit in a more sophisticated and flexible manner, the exploitation of nature. And recogniz- ing the offences against nature as just another sign of the supremacy of technological expansion over people and their lives, as humanist authors like Mumford or Schumacher suggest, would go against the grain of development aspirations and could hardly please the guardians of the growth machine. In fact, only an interpretation which magnified rather than undermined their managerial responsibilities could raise their spirits, even in spite of dim prospects. It was the global ecosystems approach which perfectly suited their vantage point at the summits of international organizations, for it proposed the global society as the unit of analysis and put the Third World, by denouncing population growth, at the centre of attention. Moreover, the model rendered intelligible what would otherwise have appeared as a messy situation by removing resource conflicts from any particular local or political context. The language of aggregate data series suggests a clear-cut picture, abstract figures lend themselves to playing with scenarios, and a presumed mechanical causality among the various components creates the illusion that global strategies can be effective. And even if the ideal of growth crumbled, there was, for those who felt themselves in charge of running the world, still some objective to fall comfortably back on: stability.
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Descargar

Descargar

combination of factors, some of them related to traditional basis of power and some related to the “new” agenda. Andrew Hurrel suggested that, in the case of Latin America, there were three issues, generated in the South, that generate the attention of the big powers: migration, ecology and drug trafficking. 10 Steven R. David has insisted in the threat that represented the possibility that some Third World countries could develop nuclear or chemical and biological weapons. He has also mentioned the importance, for Middle East countries, of possessing oil. 11 Stanley Hoffman agreed with both diagnosis and mentioned the following sources of world insecurity: a) poverty, overpopulation and migrations; b) ecological disasters; c) fight for the access to natural resources, like oil; d) the threat of drug trafficking and weapon smuggling; e) the ideology of nationalism that materializes in advanced weapons or massive means of destruction. 12 Gaddis saw massive migrations, for example from Eastern Europe
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Tigre de papel en Washington: ardiente dragón en el Pacífico

Tigre de papel en Washington: ardiente dragón en el Pacífico

ball in their league. The answer is simple and resolves not only that puzzle but what could otherwise appear as a rather confused and confusing US foreign policy: (1) Iraq changed the pricing of its oil from dollars to Euros in 2000. (2) Iran threatens to do so. (3) North Korea has changed to deal only in Euros. (4) Venezuela has withdrawn some of its oil from dollar pricing and is instead swapping it for goods with other third world countries. Besides an old friend of mine, Venezuela's Fernando Mires at OPEC headquarters in Vienna, proposed that all of OPEC should switch from pricing its oil in dollars to pricing it in Euros! OPEC has recently re- examined his possibility and now Russia has as well. Nothing else, no amount of terrorism, could be more threatening to the US; for any and all of that would pull all support out from under the dollar as oil importers would no longer buy dollars but instead Euros to buy their oil. Indeed they would want also to switch their reserves out of the dollar and into the Euro. Iraq already gained about 15 percent with its switch as the Euro rose against the dollar. And besides, the Arab oil states who now sell their oil for paper dollars would be unlikely to continue turning around and spending them again for US military hardware. It is this horrorific scenario that US occupation of Iraq is designed to prevent, with Iran next in line. Curiously, this oil-dollar-euro 'detail' is never mentioned by the US government or media. No wonder that major European states are opposed to Bush's Iraq policy, which is supported only by the UK, which is a North Sea oil producer itself. Simple how one little piece of incidental information can make the other pieces of the entire jig-saw puzzle fall into place!
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Perspectivas teórico-políticas para la construcción de una agenda bilateral de seguridad colombo-canadiense: comprendiendo la preocupación de Canadá en la seguridad y la paz en Colombia

Perspectivas teórico-políticas para la construcción de una agenda bilateral de seguridad colombo-canadiense: comprendiendo la preocupación de Canadá en la seguridad y la paz en Colombia

seguridad humana; Canada; Colombia; bilateral security agenda; national security; liberal approach of international.. security; Third World; hu.[r]

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Rethinking Macro Economic Strategies from a Human Rights Perspective

Rethinking Macro Economic Strategies from a Human Rights Perspective

the world. While neo-classical economics is dominant, it is not the only show in town. Hetero- dox economists such as Amartya Sen and Joe Stiglitz have won the Nobel Prize for economics. The United Nations has provided a venue for progressive economics in publications like the annual United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report. Progressive econom- ics had also been used to inform the work of UN Human Rights Special Rapporteurs charged with investigating topics, ranging from the Right to Food to Extreme Poverty to the Effects of Economic Reform Policies and Foreign Debt on Human Rights. Progressive economists also work in international and national NGOs like Focus on the Global South, Third World Network, the Center for Popular Economics, the Economic Policy Institute, Political Economy Research Institute and INCIDE, to name a few.
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CRECIMIENTO TURÍSTICO VERSUS DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO : UN ANÁLISIS DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE LA GENERACIÓN DE DIVISAS Y LA CAPACIDAD DE RECAUDACIÓN

CRECIMIENTO TURÍSTICO VERSUS DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO : UN ANÁLISIS DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE LA GENERACIÓN DE DIVISAS Y LA CAPACIDAD DE RECAUDACIÓN

En este sentido, debe cuestionarse el planteamiento de algunos organismos e instituciones internacionales (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa o United Nations World Tourism Organization) que han considerado la actividad turística como una herramienta automática para el alivio de la pobreza en los países menos adelantados, sin analizar y actuar, con carácter previo, sobre los déficits que dificultan la relación entre crecimiento turístico y desarrollo económico, que están presentes en las bases estructurales de este grupo de países: existencia de un elevado nivel de fugas de capital, acceso prácticamente testimonial a los mercados internacionales o una escasa capacidad de recaudación de ingresos fiscales.
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Cyborg art y bioética : Stelarc y the third ear = Cyborg art and bioethics : Stelarc and the third ear

Cyborg art y bioética : Stelarc y the third ear = Cyborg art and bioethics : Stelarc and the third ear

En tercer lugar, y en lo referente al problema de la equidad, si bien The third ear no limita el acceso a otras personas a los servicios médicos o tecnológicos, si pareciera burlarse con esta acción de aquellos en condiciones vulnerables. La obra que analizamos, absurda desde la perspectiva de la necesidad, parece por tanto una bofetada en la cara para “quienes no tienen posibilidades de acceder no solo a las nuevas tecnologías, altamente sofisticadas y de elevado costo, sino que ni siquiera a las formas tradicionales y básicas del sistema sanitario” (La Rocca et al. 172). Recordemos que uno de los objetivos de la obra es su exposición y metaconexión (al poseer un micrófono y antena wi-fi) y busca, por las mismas razones, que la gente interactúe con la obra a nivel mundial. En este sentido, esta acción está constantemente a disposición de todo individuo haciendo evidente el espectáculo mercantil de este monstruo que puede, por sus nuevas capacidades sobrehu- manas, transformarse en un solo paso en un ídolo que figuraría como inalcanzable a no ser de contar con los recursos económicos para imitarlo. Lo que resulta interesante aquí, sin embargo, es como nuevamente se revela la posibilidad de generar una nueva belleza a partir de la ruptura de estructuras hegemónicas y perturbación primera de los sentidos, que se renuevan necesariamente en la dialéctica exposición-contemplación-participación que propone esta obra.
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Preterite vs. imperfect part 2

Preterite vs. imperfect part 2

*The third person singular form of hacer has a spelling change: hizo.. **Drop the i after a j in the third person plural form.[r]

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El calentamiento climático, un desafío civilizatorio

El calentamiento climático, un desafío civilizatorio

parte de la población mundial que reside en los países industrializados, de forma que estos países acaparaban en el año 2000 cerca del 80% del PIB mundial, mientras que el resto de los habitantes del planeta apenas habían incrementado su consumo energético y PIB per cápita. Según datos de la Agencia Internacional de la Energía, este 80% más pobre de la población mundial tan sólo es responsable del 42% de las emisiones globales de dióxido de carbono (relacionadas con la energía) acumuladas desde 1890 hasta 2010. Otro cálculo –del World Resources Institute con sede en Washington DC— indica que, entre 1850 y 2005, el mundo “desarrollado” emitió el 76% del dióxido de carbono, y el mundo “en vías de desarrollo” apenas el 24%. En definitiva: todo indica que, en lo que a emisiones históricas de gases de efecto invernadero se refiere, se cumple también de forma aproximada la ominosa regla 20/ 80 (el 20% de los privilegiados, en este caso, sería responsable del 80% de las emisiones dañinas, grosso modo 36 ). Y en 2007 las emisio-
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Análisis de los cumplidos en el libro Interchange third edition

Análisis de los cumplidos en el libro Interchange third edition

1 Interchange Third Edition es un texto americano de guía de aprendizaje de inglés como lengua extranjera, que consta de 4 libros (Intro, Book 1, Book 2 y Book 3) y cada texto tiene un libro taller (workbook). Interchange es el texto que más se utiliza en los diferentes centros o instituciones de enseñanza en Medellín,Colombia. 2 Multilingua es un programa de idiomas gratuito que se le ofrece a los mejores estudiantes de pregrado de la Universidad de Antioquia como beca a su excelencia académica, se brindan 5 niveles de 80 horas cada uno. Los idiomas que se ofrecen son: inglés, francés, italiano, portugués, chino mandarín, japonés, turco y alemán.
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Gourmet World

Gourmet World

*Pintura epóxica termo endurecida *Ruedas para fácil manipulación *Cuatro parrillas para almacenamiento *Luz interior. *Opera a 5 ºc[r]

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Gourmet World

Gourmet World

World con otras marcas este debe tener mayor relevancia frente a las demás, es decir, ser de un tamaño superior en comparación a otros logos así como lo indica el ejemplo.. Las tarj[r]

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Gourmet World

Gourmet World

Meta: Posicionar en Bogotá a Gourmet World como uno de los restaurantes temáticos multiculturales de mayor reconocimiento, con el fin de darle a conocer a los clientes las costumbres y tradiciones de otros países, mediante estrategias de comunicación difundidas desde la gastronomía internacional, brindando experiencias de intercambio cultural que afiancen la identidad en el consumidor y su satisfacción durante el tiempo de su estadía en Restaurante.

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Strategy zing in a Non Linear World  A Non Linear World

Strategy zing in a Non Linear World A Non Linear World

A race-to-the-bottom paradigm approach for the poor coun- tries (the doing) will just make more acute the gap between rich and poor countries, since it is driven by indicators that I call the “metrics of poverty”: low cost, high volume, and speedy delivery. The workers who make these indus- tries possible are trapped in pover- ty, with little hope of ever escaping. When the region can’t meet those demands companies up and move taking the jobs with them. More broadly, countries that engage in these approaches subordinate themselves to externally-genera ted knowledge (the thinking), and ex- pose themselves further to the vo- latility of foreign direct investment (FDI). The geo-economic world has been divided then, in the world of thinking and the world of doing, in other words, the world of want and the world of need to the ex- tent that in the world of thin king, the higher-paid paid jobs allow the habitants to aspire. In the world of doing — the low-paid jobs do not
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WORLD YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT

WORLD YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT

The crisis now facing the World’s young people has been brewing for some time. Although in many countries the jobless rate for youth has consistently been much higher than for the overall population, policymakers in both advanced and emerging economies have generally failed to address the problem. They are paying the price today. The Great Recession has elevated youth unemployment from an unfortunate social ill to a major threat to future economic and political stability in many parts of the world. Violent riots in London and other cities in the U.K. last year were, in part, the result of disenchantment among young men over miserable economic prospects. In the Middle East, where youth unemployment rates, often about 25%, are routinely among the highest in the world, persistent joblessness is a key source of the rage that sparked the Arab Spring. If the new leaders in the region can’t create more jobs for young people, it could descend into a debilitating cycle of violence. “If you don’t restore hope,” says Ahmed Heikal, chairman of Cairo-based private-equity firm Citadel Capital, “we will be in a bigger problem. Another Tahrir Square.”
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Pauta Solemne Calculo 2-1-2007

Pauta Solemne Calculo 2-1-2007

(c) [1 punto] Encuentre el valor del par´ametro α que hace que el m´etodo de Jacobi converja lo m´as r´apido posible... Para ambos valores, el radio espectral se hace cero.[r]

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