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How to be a Chicana Role Model, or How to be a 21st century Chicana

How to be a Chicana Role Model, or How to be a 21st century Chicana

The episode at the conference marks an extremely disappointing starting point in Serros’ development as a Chicana writer, and concomitantly, makes her aware that she lacks another basic ingredient to be a proper “Chicana writer”: language. As Gloria Anzaldúa clearly posited in her seminal work Borderlands/La Frontera, “ethnic identity is twin skin to linguistic identity- I am my language” (1987:59), language and the lack of it and its eventual reappropiation become one of the most important issues of the plight of the first Chicana feminists in general, and Chicana writers in particular. Thus, several of the novels that were published in the first two decades of the emergence and subsequent development of Chicana literature, devoted to the publication and portrayal of the life stories of several protagonists, who became role models themselves for the general public, and presented a clear need of speaking up and shaping their own identity. Thus, “Many Chicana narratives belong to the Bildungsroman genre, the literary form traditionally used to portray the process of self-development “(Eysturoy 1996:3), and furthermore, to that of the Künstleromane, where “the concept of creativity as a catalyst for self-discovery is the basic theme” (Eysturoy 1996:21). In this respect, Serros’ novel does not move away from the tendency of the works of her predecessors.
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10 Lee mas

Allowing agents to be imprecise: A proposal using multiple linguistic terms

Allowing agents to be imprecise: A proposal using multiple linguistic terms

The procedure is divided into several stages which will be presented in Sec- tion 3. Initially, the overall opinion for an alternative is calculated by finding the set of linguistic expressions that minimize the sum of distances to every expression given by the agents, for said alternative. Taking into account this information, the alternatives are ordered by the proximity of their overall opin- ions to the “ideal” assessment. Thus, the closer an overall opinion is to the highest linguistic term, the better the alternative would be considered. Since ties among different alternatives may appear, we present a tie-breaking process. The tie-breaking process is constructed using a dispersion index based on the Gini coefficient. The less dispersion there is among agents’ assessments, the more preferred this alternative will be considered to be. After this stage, some alternatives can still be in a tie, therefore a further refinement is presented for the tie-breaking process. If the distance to the “ideal” assessment as well as the dispersion are the same, the number of highest assessments are counted. If there is still a tie, the number of second highest assessments are counted, and so on.
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27 Lee mas

To be or to be: the dilemma of copula choice for beginning level learners of spanish

To be or to be: the dilemma of copula choice for beginning level learners of spanish

In addition to ser and estar, there are a number of Spanish verbs which may, depending on the context, be translated as English to be, including haber, hacer, tener, quedar, sentar, verse, salir, hallarse, encontrarse and resultar. Because the distribution of these verbs is primarily complimentary, the Spanish student may memorize the set of conditions in which each verb is used. That is to say, in many situations where the verb ser is required, estar may not be employed and vice versa. To this end, Bull (1965) recommends that students must first recognize and identify the cues that determine the selection of ser or estar, and then grasp the meaning of contrasting pairs. However, it has been estimated that approximately 80 percent of adjectives may be preceded by either ser or estar, depending on the context (Mesa Alonso et al. 1993).
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13 Lee mas

To act and to be acted upon: interactionism in the Phaedo

To act and to be acted upon: interactionism in the Phaedo

gument in favor of the soul as the moving principle, he explicitly allows that the soul can be affected by the body. In fact, the soul as a whole is dragged away (ἕλκεται; 79c6) by the body. So even though the soul uses the body to examine something through the senses (79c3- 4), thus reminding us that the soul is that which is active, Plato asserts that the soul can be affected by the body. But if we are to accept his claim that the active role belongs to the soul, not to the body, how is it possible that the soul is dragged away by the body? Moreover, the soul itself (due to the harmful influence of the body) wanders, becomes confused and dizzy, “as if it were drunk” (79c7-8; see also Phd. 66a5-6). To be sure, the cause of the soul’s being in such a state is the body, but this introduces a tension, because the active role is supposed to belong to the soul, not to the body.
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5 Lee mas

A study of the potential of training to be transferred to the workplace

A study of the potential of training to be transferred to the workplace

In order to improve the effectiveness of the training provided by the agency in charge of training of public servants in the region of Andalusia (Spain), trainers were surveyed about what is the utilization of design- related transfer factors they do when they design training courses. Thus, the extent to which training is designed to be transferred can be analyzed. The results suggested that trainers focused their interventions more on the trainees’ satisfaction with the level and usefulness of the learning acquired than on the learning transfer to workplace. In addition, this study allowed us to gain better understanding of the perspective of trainers on how training design elements are associated. Four transfer-focused training approaches were detected, whose concomitant use varies depending on training objectives. It is concluded that the study of the transferability of training is useful to detect weaknesses and strengths in training and proposals for improvements and lines of inquiry are suggested.
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12 Lee mas

"How to be a Cholo" : reinventing a Chicano archetype on youtube

"How to be a Cholo" : reinventing a Chicano archetype on youtube

One of the scenes where a masculine performance comes into play is the “Hollerin’ at the Hynas” scene where Ego embodies the bandit, Latin lover and clown personas as he cat-calls at a passing woman in the hopes of hooking up with her. He engages in a hypersexualized display that includes thrusting his pelvis into a mailbox, calling out “hey baby” incessantly to the object of his desire and maintaining his eyes fixed upon her. The chase ends with the woman pulling out a can of pepper spray and macing Ego in order to thwart his advances. When he is maced, his hypermasculine comportment is compromised for a split-second as he regains his composure and asks the camera through teary, blinded eyes, “Did you see the way she was looking at me? Cuz I… I can’t see.” This scene conflates the three different archetypes and achieves a humorous commentary about the ways in which cholos tend to be boxed into one essentialized category while also pointing to the absurdity of Cholismos in general. Furthermore, Ochoa’s choice to have Ego be rejected in such a manner means that Ego is not able to verify his masculinity. In this way Ochoa also problematizes Ego’s approach to women and by extension the perceived cholo behavior towards women.
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17 Lee mas

TítuloTo Be or Not To Be (a Man): Is That the Question? Men and/in Feminist Literary Criticism

TítuloTo Be or Not To Be (a Man): Is That the Question? Men and/in Feminist Literary Criticism

In Anzaldúa’s view, then, change will decline unless we attach it to new growth or include new growth in it. We thus need to move away from simply focusing on what has been done to the “Other” (victimhood) to a wider level of agency, one that questions what we are doing to each other. This does not entail abandoning previous ideas, but “building on them.” Moreover, to include white males is not an attempt to restore their privilege, but “a refusal to keep walking the color line.” As Anzaldúa elaborates, “whiteness may not be applied to all whites, as some possess women-of-color consciousness, just as some women of color bear white consciousness” (2002: 2). Moreover, to include (profeminist) men in the feminist critical debates may help challenge traditional gender divisions. In her own words, “these inclusions challenge conventional identities and promote more expansive configurations of identities -some of which will soon become cages and have to be dismantled” (2002: 4).
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10 Lee mas

1.  TO BE. FORM and USES

1. TO BE. FORM and USES

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… b) Ella llega tarde ( to be late = llegar tarde) ……………………………………………………………… c) Alemania no está en África …………………………………………………………………………….. d) ¿ Es ella guapa? ( guapa = pretty) ……………………………………………………………………… e) Tenemos calor ( to be hot = tener calor) ………………………………………………………………. f) ¿ Está Patricia en casa? ( en casa = at home) ………………………………………………………….. g) ¿ Tienes hambre? ( to be hungry) ……………………………………………………………………... h) Tienes mucha suerte. ( to be lucky= tener suerte) ……………………………………………………. i) ¿ Cómo estás? ( how? = ¿cómo?) …………………………………………………………………….. j) Tengo sueño y estoy cansado ( to be sleepy= tener sueño; tired = cansado)
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7 Lee mas

Readiness of Malaysian human resource professionals to be a strategic partner

Readiness of Malaysian human resource professionals to be a strategic partner

The management of the firm’s infrastructure, captured in the term of administrative expert according to (Ulrich, 1997), requires HR professionals to design and deliver efficient HR processes for staffing, training, appraising, rewarding, promoting, and otherwise managing the flow of employees throughout the organisation (Ulrich, 1997). As stated previously, Huselid and others (1997) point out that the levels of current technical practices in HRM are higher than those of strategic HRM practices. However, they go on to state that the firm must have at least moderate levels of technical HRM practices to be successful in strategic HRM implications (Huselid et al., 1997). It is further pointed out by Ulrich (1997) and Arthur (2001) that moving to a more strategic role cannot be performed at the cost of neglecting the basics of good human resource management practices. Whether this expertise is entirely within the firm or the firm chooses to outsource specific functions, the requirement for administrative expertise is ever present (Fitz-em, 2000).
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25 Lee mas

Does it pay to be social responsible? Portuguese SMEs feedback

Does it pay to be social responsible? Portuguese SMEs feedback

Organizations generate economic value whenever there is growth, profitability and shareholder value increase (if applicable). Economic value is created when customers are willing to pay more than the cost to produce and sell the products and services provided by the organization. The profit generated by a business can be considered a reasonable indicator of the economic value generated and can be improved either by increasing revenues or decreasing costs and risks. In a market economy, an organization that doesn´t generate economic value cannot access the resources and capital needed and will end up by going out of the market. But economic value is not enough for organizations long term success. According to stakeholder theory, social value should also be generated by making positive and lasting impacts on society (e.g., new jobs creation, pollution reduction and support to vulnerable people or social and community projects). When this happens, an organization besides generating positive and lasting impacts on society also increases its good will stocks and the society trust on the organization. By generating and distributing economic and social value, an organization satisfies its stakeholders and has access to resources and capabilities it needs to be sustainable (McWilliams & Siegel, 2011; Fonseca, Ramos, Rosa, Braga & Sampaio, 2012).
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19 Lee mas

'To be chosen, not offered': an introduction to Sarah Harriet Burney's "Traits of Nature" (1812)

'To be chosen, not offered': an introduction to Sarah Harriet Burney's "Traits of Nature" (1812)

In the social world depicted in Traits only a few characters are not moved by money, and almost everyone experiences some suffering or trauma. Algernon feels alone too (“‘[...] I have not a female relation in the world who cares a straw for me. My poor sister was such a baby when I left her, that I dare say she hardly knows she has a brother’” [Burney 1812, I: 65-6]), and he realizes that, after the death of Lord Ossely’s heirs, he is simply a pawn while only Eudocia and Isabella care for him: “[...] he was valued, not for himself, but for reasons of family policy” (Burney 1812, I: 159). The novel contains one scene full of symbolism and representative of patriarchal insensitivity. Sarah Harriet’s satiric agency is embodied in the deaf and dumb man who comes to a party and is asked to dance a hornpipe. His eccentric outfit provokes all kinds of reactions. Nevertheless, his performance is applauded. People give him some money, but he prefers a cornelian heart suspended to a gold chain which Adela was wearing round her neck. She finally offers it to the boy and Mrs. Somerville is told that he lives with some thriving relations and is well off though a frolic (I: 189-190). The only visitor accepting his integration in the community is Adela. After offering him some food, the heroine says to Talbot: “This poor creature might be won upon, by a little kindness, to behave like other people! I cannot endure him when he grins and chatters: but his laugh is not unpleasant” (Burney 1812, I: 192). She cannot understand why he prefers her cornelian heart to money. Barbara suspects he is a fictitious character with no meaning in the world they live. The funny man turns out to be Algernon in disguise, showing the real intentions of everybody in the scene.
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16 Lee mas

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				Seven Implicit Considerations to be Explicitly Addressed in Empirically Based Psychotherapies

← Return to Article Details Seven Implicit Considerations to be Explicitly Addressed in Empirically Based Psychotherapies

Given the significance of cultural contexts on the development of IPs, clinicians are encouraged to develop an awareness of how individuals within different cultural groups (e.g., ethnic minorities, sexual orientation, religious groups) relate to others, cope with discrimination, experience emotions, express feelings, and self-regulate. We posit that as clinicians become increasingly aware of differences it is less likely that they will construe such differences as deficiencies. Without this cultural awareness, clinicians are more prone to stigmatize, and devalue their patients’ unique cultural ways of being. We postulate that cultural differences in IPs could be more pronounced in some areas as well as more challenging for clinicians to recognize and address when compared to EPs. Thus, clinicians should not only be cognizant of different cultural meanings (Sue & Sue, 2008) but also explore alternative meanings with their patients, as there is much variation and complexity within cultural groups. For instance, gradation in skin-color and phenotype among individuals of Latino/a descent often lead to different experiences of discrimination and racism in the U.S. (Adames, Chavez-Dueñas, & Organista, 2016; Chavez-Dueñas, Adames, & Organista, 2014). Similarly, it is important for clinicians to be cognizant of what is taking place within in the contexts (e.g., communities) where their patients live by exploring how socio-historical events may be reenacted in the psychotherapeutic process (Adames & Chavez-Dueñas, 2017; La Roche, 2013). For example, the racial climate in the U.S., following the recent escalation in police brutality or the 2016 presidential campaign marked with racism may have impacted people of color’s feeling towards their white therapist. Thus, it is of critical importance that EBPs begin to address and investigate the role of socio-cultural context in patients’ lives.
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13 Lee mas

How to be a better Leader

How to be a better Leader

it can be helpful for leaders to be politically savvy and sensitive to the dynamics of influence within an organization. But leaders with a low need for agree- ableness can also be too guarded and somewhat defensive, making it difficult for others to trust them. consider the experience of a project director from the automobile industry: “By nature, i’m not the most open person,” he told us. “But i’ve worked on lots of projects and i’ve found that unless i share what i’m thinking, it’s very difficult to connect with new teams. they’re wary. so at the start of a project, i always tell them something about myself, includ- ing my family situation, and some of the things i struggle with. i also make a joke about being Ger- man. it kick-starts the relationship.”
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12 Lee mas

A Phoenician Way to be Roman

A Phoenician Way to be Roman

I observe that, coinciding with the monumentalization and the urban transformations experienced beginning at the end of the first century BCE by a large number of cities in the southern part of the peninsula, which served as a show of their constantly increasing integration into the Roman world, nonetheless their material culture and funerary practices indicate, as already discussed, a significant connection with Phoenician customs. This means that certain ethnic markers, reformulated as they were, continued to be fully active as a form of expression in an open, heterogeneous, and dynamic context. Gades, Malaca, Sexs, or Abdera do not cease to be Phoenician cities when they fall within the Roman orbit at the end of the third century BCE. From various graffiti found in some of these cities, we know with certainty that Neo-Punic was still written in them until the Imperial era.
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7 Lee mas

How to be a tropical scientist

How to be a tropical scientist

Is there a planned effort to keep the developing countries scientifically behind? A sort of sci- entific domination? Personally, I believe that the view of “southern” science as insignificant is actually the result of cultural inertia, a closed cycle that needs to be broken. The reason is simple: for historical reasons, the organizations that have the funds needed to globally distribute scientific news, documentaries and journals are located in Europe and the USA. For convenience, they look for scientists in their own countries and when they report abroad, for example, about an archaeo- logical excavation in the Andes or the behavior of pandas in China, they try to find people who speak their language (often British or American scientists) even if local scientists are doing work there. The result is that the work of scientists who are culturally or geographically far from the cen- ters of economic power tends to be ignored by the media. Tropical institutions should bring research of general interest (done by properly trained local scientists with a good command of English) to the attention of science popularization giants. I believe that good work will receive attention independently of who does it.
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10 Lee mas

¿Ser o no ser...? Análisis de errores con to be en un corpus de estudiantes en un entorno online

¿Ser o no ser...? Análisis de errores con to be en un corpus de estudiantes en un entorno online

hypotheses of the L2 they are learning according to inherent mechanisms (Gass and Selinker, 2008). Some years later, Dulay, Burt and Krashen (1982) totally denied LT from the native language after clearly believing that language learning capacity relied only on Universal Grammar (UG) (Lu, 2010). Similarly, Zobl (1980) also contributed to minimizing the role of the L1 after establishing the so-called Transfer Hypothesis, a theory that supports the idea that the L1 must fulfil some conditions before being transferred: «it must be productive in the L1 (not some kind of exception), it must be used frequently, and it must not be ‘on the way out’ historically speaking» (Ellis, 1994: 321). Other scholars such as Eckman (1977), Kellerman (1977), and Corder (1981) focused on analyzing and providing different aspects that could lead to LT, whereas Ellis (1994) listed six factors causing LT that include social and developmental factors, different linguistic levels, markedness, prototypicality and language distance.
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18 Lee mas

Believe to be amazed Perú Moda

Believe to be amazed Perú Moda

for alpaca products, decoration items and gifts. We already have 15 certified companies” said María del Pilar Alarcón, Area Coordinator proudly. In 2014 the Department of Sustainable Multi-sector Trade was created in order to apply sustainability principles in export companies through organic and sustainable certifications, and environmental indicators. It is not about getting a certificate; it is also being committed to apply the good practice in the company. “Most companies pass the external audit with a higher than 80% qualification which means their real commitment”, added María del Pilar. These actions are also marketing tools for business. The consumer, who is now more informed and more cautious when choosing, will choose those products which have an interest in sustainability. It can be said that the tools are available to entrepreneurs and business people, they just need a bit of motivation and the decision to get totally committed. .
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48 Lee mas

John A. Ryan. To be a contemplative in action

John A. Ryan. To be a contemplative in action

monopoly that interferes with the normal operation of the market and diverts a major share of wealth to those who make no positive contribution to the economic process. Rent, he taught, belongs to the community by right, and as long as it is privately appropriated, it serves as a fetter upon production and a barrier to the right of individuals to enjoy the fruits of their toil. Interest, on the other hand, he viewed as the capitalist’s just return for that increase in wealth attributable to his saving and investment. If, he held, rent were taken by the public, the speculative element in land prices would disappear, and the consequent cheapness of land would place natural opportunity within the reach of all. Production would be stimulated, wages would rise, the cost of goods would be reduced, and with the extirpation of its basic cause, involuntary poverty would tend to vanish. 10
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24 Lee mas

Why labor income shares seem to be constant?

Why labor income shares seem to be constant?

Subscribing to this paradigm, almost all of the literature on economic growth accounting assumes that the elasticity of output with respect to capital (and labor) is constant and have concluded that the major part of economic growth is not explained by factor accumulation but by growth in TFP1 (see Easterly and Levine, 2002; Solow, 1957 or Young, 1994 among others). However there are 3 theoretical reasons why the elasticity of output with respect to reproducible factors, namely, physical capital and human capital, should be positively correlated with the stage of development:
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14 Lee mas

Juvenile recurrent parotitis: a diagnosis to be aware of…

Juvenile recurrent parotitis: a diagnosis to be aware of…

ming a promising conservative approach to salivary gland diseases, since it is associated with high success rates and low morbidity. The underlying technique consists on irrigation and washing of the affected ductal system and dilatation of all the ductal strictures under direct vision. Besides, it comes with the possibility of insert some surgical instruments for dilatation procedures and allows for delivery of therapeutic medi- cations, such as steroids, which increases the efficacy and reduces the systemic side effects of the steroid treatment 24,29-32 . Sialendoscopy has higher sensitivity than US in JRP diagnosis since most patients with
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14 Lee mas

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