Previously, information of the aforementioned movements is obtained to determine the best method of processing these signals generatedbythemovements. We proceed to program in Matlab to acquire and process these signals in real time. The acquisition system is made up of an EMG sensor implemented with an accelerometer sensor that helps determine the position and the set is connected to an Arduino Promicro that is configured as an interface for data acquisition with Matlab. These signals that are processed by Matlab will be shown by a graph.
The collective behavior of humans in the environment will become a culture of multi-dimensional interaction, in which social gains will emerge that will affect thehuman community. One of these products is the emergence of democratic and dynamic spaces that commit humans to society and their environment. This means that the hidden dialogue between the environment and thehuman being and thehuman community is formed that transforms space into a place. On the other hand, the design of the perimeter space by architects will act as a powerful catalyst for the formation of human interactions and the sense of space democracy and, as a result, the realization of social development. Such spaces range from the millennia BC tothe present era, as well as from Greek and Roman civilization to Islamic civilization. The most important factor in these civilizations is the creation of a systemic people based on the opinions and opinions of the people of the community. Examples of these spaces include the Agouracas, the Forumas and the Herbab in ancient Greece, Rome, and Japan . Also, mosques, churches, temples, squares, and markets are among the places where the idea of being democratic is quite clear. Nowadays, the emergence of the Senate in addition tothe above spaces has helped the spirit of democracy and democracy in the community. The research approach has a verdict on the subject. Given the rapid and growing human population in today’s modern societies, the need for more cities to provide synergistic spaces in relation tohuman behavior is felt more and more. The emergence of spaces that are in line with the culture of civil society and the interactions formed at different levels of behavioral society, will gradually shape the concept of place and life in the quality of human spaces. The influence of thoughts and thoughts on shaping people’s lives and observing the behaviors and activities that shape cultural patterns lead us to formulate the basic principles for designing the environment. The need toidentifythe culture of the target community is an issue in the study of urban management strategies for the promotion of Iranian-Islamic lifestyles for the design of suitable space and the re-emergence of social values, suchas social interactions, democracy, and the surrounding spheres of the phenomenon (Case study: Tehran Municipality). The need toidentifythe culture of the target community, to design suitable space and revitalize social values, suchas social interactions, democracy and the bays of these phenomena, are the issues that in this research are the role of Tehran municipality in creating social development with the promotion of lifestyle of Iran - Islamic are considered.
As we stated before, developing in-vehicle HMI systems requires not only the integration of the driver’s input/output information (e.g., speech, touch, graphic displays, etc.), but also the proper management of data provided from different sensor sources: from the car (e.g., speed, wheel traction), the driver (e.g., mood, fatigue), and environment (road, traffic, weather, etc.) . The HMI designer typically needs to interpret the sensed data in order toidentify situations that are either of direct interest tothe driver, or which will help to shape communication strategies that are appropriate for each situation. The W3C is in the process of defining an architecture recommendation for the design of multimodal interfaces: the MMI Reference Architecture . Major components in the W3C MMI architecture, represented in Figure 2, are the Input and Output Modality Components, which handle the information coming in from and going out tothehuman user, and the Interaction Manager, which coordinates the flow of the communication in thedifferent modalities and decides the overall communication strategy in response to successive inputs from the user. The MMI architecture also considers two important elements: (1) a data component which stores the data that the Interaction Manager needs to perform its functions; and (2) an event-based communication layer to carry events between the modality components and the Interaction Manager.
Before presenting six examples of empirical studies which explain some of the changes that learners’ identity may undergo, there are some important constructs, suchas identity, investment, imagined communities and communities of practice, that need to be defined to understand the content. Human beings have spent a great deal of their time trying to find answers to questions about life suchas identity. This path has led many researchers to describe this construct as manageable and changeable, depending on the surroundings of the person who is involved (Block, 1997, p. 864). More specifically, it can easily be shaped bythe exposure to other languages and cultures (Ruiz-Cecilia, 2012). Bonny Norton (as cited by Norton and McKinney, 2011) defines identity as “how a person understands his or her relationship tothe world, how that relationship is constructed across time and space, and how the person understands possibilities for the future” (p. 73). In other words, learners’ identity is created from within the person and that is why language is so influential. Following this idea, learners come to realize that language can be used as a tool toidentify who they are, to find a job, to make friends or even to create a new identity different from the one they own in their mother tongue. A new identity that might offer them the freedom and confidence that they lack in their first language. These situations, although unconsciously, are motivating factors for individuals to start learning a new language. Learners create a “socially and historically constructed relationship […] tothe target language, and their often ambivalent desire to learn and practice it” (Norton as cited by Norton and McKinney, 2011, p. 75). This relationship between learners and the target language is defined as investment. The degree of investment in a second language depends on the gains perceived bythe
Regardless of the frequency and variety of ICT uses, educational innovation is not the main aim of the implementation of these technologies in schools. Most of the teachers who use ICT in class admit they have implemented it mainly as a support to teaching activities they already carried out (68.3%). A mere 17.5% of the teachers claim to have adopted ICT to introduce important changes in the way they teach and they assign tasks to their students. Only 13.7% of the head teachers admitted projects were being carried out by means of ICT to change essential aspects in the way their schools or high schools function. Similarly, when head teachers commented on the priorities in the implementation of ICT, the less frequent (27.5% of the schools and high schools where such priorities were considered) was the implementation of these technologies to change the general educational aims of the school or high school.
Restoration forest plantations are an alternative to recover degraded land and prevent erosion, as well asthe reconversion to forest use of dismantled soils for agricultural and livestock purposes. The objective of this study was to determine the potential areas of forest plantations with Brosimum alicastrum, for restoration purposes in the state of Michoacán, through the use of geographic information systems. The delimitation of the areas was done with the programs IDRISI 32 and ArcView, and the environmental requirements of the species. The variables considered were precipitation, temperature, soil, altitude and slope. Twelve maps were generated in total, 10 for five regions and two for the state, showing the potential areas for the establishment of forest plantations for the restoration of this species in slope ranges of 0-15 % (mechanized) and 15 -30 % (not mechanized). The total area with potential to establish plantations for restoration purposes in the entity was 86 408 ha, of these 71 687 ha correspond to slopes of 0-15 %, and 14 721 ha in slopes of 15-30 %. The plantations can be established in the region: IV Oriente, V Tepalcatepec, VIII Tierra Caliente, IX Sierra Costa and X Infiernillo. The dry tropic of the state of Michoacán due to its ecological, geological, physiographic, and topographic characteristics, presents favorable conditions for the potential development of forest plantations of restoration with Brosimum alicastrum.
At the same time, for further progress in cw SRO technology, it is imperative to devise new strategies and improved architectures capable of reducing system complexity and cost, while maintaining or enhancing the device performance with regard to all important operating parameters. A major step in this direction is the deployment of more simplified and cost-effective pump sources based on the rapidly advancing fiber laser technology to replace the more complex and relatively expensive cw solid-state laser pump sources which have been predominantly used to date. This approach has already been extensively demonstrated by using cw fiber- laser-based pump sources at 1064 nm in combination with PPLN [89–91], providing high-power, single-frequency, cw radiation with wide tunability in the near- and mid-IR. However, extension of cw fiber laser technology tothe green, necessary for pumping visible and near-IR (<1 µm) cw SROs based on, for example, MgO:sPPLT has so far not been possible, because of the difficulty in generating sufficient cw pump power with the required characteristics to drive the SRO. As, a result the realization of cw SROs, till date, using MgO:sPPLT crystal pumped in the visible [13; 58; 70] were only possible using commercially available, relatively expensive intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state green sources (e.g. Verdi 10, Coherent), due tothe scarcity of alternative high-power source.
We have considered it convenient to carry out a documental research in order to accomplish a revision of thedifferent investigations so far. To help us in this analysis we will rely on some authors who have dealt with the topic before, suchas J. W. Hanna’s “The Battle of ‘Mag Rath’: Its True Site Determined” (1856), Feargal Ó Béarra’s Mental Health, Spirituality, and Religion in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Age (2014), and Francis William Stubbs’ “Early Monastic History of Dromiskin, in the County of Louth” (1897). Despite not being the only authors who have dealt with issues that relate tothe topics and events in Sweeney Astray, they have been nevertheless the most important ones for our analysis, as we will see henceforth. It is necessary to mention that, although there are authors who deal with issues related to our text, we have no record that anyone has done a study like this one we are presenting.
of the actuators, at advantage of the available payload. Moreover, the actuators are absolutely silent and do not produce any vibration, a feature which can be exploited, e.g. in the observation of sea wild life since the robot would not disturb in any way (besides its presence). Current work is aimed at performing extensive experiments with the prototype in order to validate the results of the simulations. In conclusion, we believe that smart actuators and flexible continuous structures can be a promising field for making alternative robots, that are simpler and lighter, and that can have interesting application domains.
New approaches try to overcome these limitations. The most successful one is the Omega ratio developed by Keating and Shadwick (2002). Although the approach is similar tothe previous ratios, the Omega ratio considers all the moments of the distribution and differentiates between the excess upward and downward returns volatility (some researchers have named this ratio asthe sharper Sharpe). It avoids the problem of estimating individual moments by measuring their total impact, which is of course precisely what is of interest to practitioners. The performance measure is a natural feature of the returns distribution, it is obtained through the cumulative distribution and hence there is no need to know any of the individual moments in order to observe their effect in total. In fact its construction from a returns distribution is entirely canonical, requiring no choices and admitting no ambiguity which is not already present in the data. Assuch it may be regarded as an extension of the notion of the cumulative distribution. It is a function that may be evaluated at any value in the range of possible returns, so that it allows performance comparisons with respect to any ‘risk’ threshold in this range. That is why the use of a function of returns rather than a single number to measure performance is essential
In this essay I argue that post-Copernican astronomy was an essential factor in the rise of German Anthropology (Anthropologie), a new approach to understanding Man that arose in late eighteenth century Germany. Anthropologie was a highly philosophical cosmopolitanism that sought to unify all of humanity’s drives, experiences, and contradictions in a single, broad vision of thehuman being as a terrestrial phenomenon. It is, therefore, not to be confused with modern anthropology, which not only emphasizes the study of (usually incommensurable) cultures, but also lacks the metaphysical context that informed this German debate. Defined early in the eighteenth century in largely Cartesian terms asthe study of thehuman being’s dual nature (body and soul), bythe second half of the century thinkers suchas Johann Gottfried Herder and Immanuel Kant, who were both heavily influenced bythe latest astronomical literature, had reconceptualized thehuman being as an earthly creature whose spirit (Geist) could only be understood with reference to this world. For German thinkers in the late eighteenth century Man did not have an inherent nature, but was the result of an ongoing historical process that was anchored in a physical environment that had been created by God.
Finally in this category, one sub-stream of interest in interpreting has been an often theoretical, rather than professional, interest in the phenomenon of the ‘natural interpreter’; that is, a bilingual who may demonstrate that bilingualism by translating at any time in an informal setting, not for professional purposes but in any social, familial or personal context. Arising from a long and well-established field of research and theory on bilingualism, this would be of tangential relevance tothe area of the professional conduct of interpreting, except that so many instances in the natural translation research draw on examples of children or other bilinguals interpreting in situations where professional interpreters may well be used but are not. Recent work redrawing attention tothe long-time theoretical work of Brian Harris (Mayor and Ivars 2011, Ivars and Mayor 2012) interestingly contains material that begins to argue for the benefits to bilingual children of having them performing interpreting tasks, rather than earlier views of the detrimental side of such practice. For our concern with ethics, however, wherever natural interpreters are permitted to interpret in any critical or institutional situation, ethical responsibility continues to rest with those granting such permission.
Si: a lower first peak in the radial distribution function, a wider second peak, and higher values in the region between the first and the second peaks. Weak peaks at the sides of the empty region around 2.8 ˚ A are known effects due tothe cut-off function in the empirical potential . Thus, the more relaxed a-Si sample is achieved by quenching l-Si with the slowest cooling rate considered (7.8 · 10 12 K/s). While its energy (0.24 eV/atom) is comparable tothe obtained by other theoretical models, its structural characteristics are still far from well re- laxed a-Si: high atomic coordination (4.14), low average bond angle (108.5 ◦ ), and high bond angle dispersion (∆θ = 14.6 ◦ ). A logarithmic fit of data shown in Fig. 1 indicates that a cooling rate of ∼ 4.3 · 10 10 K/s would
In this research, uncertainty associated with initial and boundary conditions is evaluated for short-term wind speed prediction in complex terrain. The study area is the Alaiz mountain range, a windy region in the northern Iberian Peninsula. A multiphysics and multiple initial and boundary condition ensemble prediction system (EPS) was generated using the Weather Research and Forecasting model. Uncertainty of the EPS is analyzed using an index based on the spread between ensemble members, considering its behavior under different wind speed and direction events, and also during distinct atmospheric stability conditions. The results corroborate that physical parameterization uncertainty is greater for short-term forecasts (63.5 %). However, it is also necessary to consider the uncertainty associated with initial conditions, not only for its quantitative importance (36.5 %) but also for its behavior during thermal inversion conditions in the narrow valleys surrounded by mountains.
Starting from the tactical evaluation, with regard tothe choice of what to do with the ball, student A (figure 4) had a moderate use in the decisions taken, according tothe experts. This result was only due tothe errors in the shoots. Leal & Sillero (2010) say that “a tactical and decisive behavior is based on the athlete's anticipatory ability, the forecast that certain events can happen is a variable that facilitates the correct decision making”. This student did very well in both defensive and offensive aspects, participating in the game. Passes have a high hit rate, always done objectively. However, the shoots were not very good, considering the number of attempts and hits, even so the student A was able to add 12 points. The execution of skills can be considered effective. Student A was very objective in his game, risking dribbles, performing accurate passes and kicks at the appropriate times, although not all were successful, showing having, according tothe definition of Garganta (1998) a great notion of adaptability. The support actions have been performed correctly, thanks to moving in search of space, always creating pass line as well as spaces for your teammate play. The defensive actions were very effective, making very few mistakes in the defensive sliding.
In economic terms, the contracts allow establishing commercial relationships between agaveros and industries and reduce the economic risk, in exchange for the industry subjecting its interests tothe primary producers through financing (Macías and Valenzuela, 2009). Another negative factor that generates conflicts in the contracts between industry and producers is that some costs are not stipulated; for example, the price of shoots (Nava et al., 2006), which can represent important expenses for agaveros. Orozco (2010) mentions various problems with the contracts due to three causes: 1) the risk specific to agricultural activities (environmental), due tothe very long biological cycle of agave (7 years); 2) defaults from tequila companies when they do not pay the market price in periods of scarcity, since it is higher than the agreed on; and 3) on the contrary, when the price paid to agaveros is lower than the one agreed on during periods of oversupply.
In its first judgment on sexual orientation, the Inter-American Court has recognized the protected status of sexual orientation under the non-discrimination clause of the American Convention on Human Rights. Conceptually, sexual orientation is identified as a “suspect” ground of differentiation. To arrive at this conclusion two conceptual foundations mentioned in legal scholarship seem to have played a particularly important role in the Court’s approach. Sexual orientation is to be regarded as a suspect ground for differentiation because it is a core part of personal identity and of the way in which a person gives meaning to his or her life project. I would say this is the most important reason why sexual orientation is to be regarded as suspect ground. In addition, it is to be considered suspect because homosexuals have suffered all kinds of detrimental and damaging treatment due tothe prejudice and stereotyping attached to this characteristic. Any distinction based on sexual orientation should therefore be regarded with great suspicion.
The design of buildings, civil infrastructure and other complex systems in our built environment involves considering many, often conflicting, design criteria. Architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) project teams often use multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods to help them arrive at a preferred design solution. An emergent MCDM methods in practice today is Choosing by Advantages (CBA) which has been has been successfully applied to many AEC projects to assess between two and ten design alternatives. This study presents a new protocol for applying CBA to hundreds or thousands of alternatives. It involves clustering alternatives into a few representative design configurations based on feature similarity using the K-means method. Preferences between these designs are then generalized using linear regression. An experiment involving student subjects was conducted to measure the level of accuracy in which preferences can be generalized bythe proposed protocol. The experiment considered 1,000 different building design alternatives and four different clustering configurations (3, 6, 8 and 10 clusters). When eight clusters were used, decisions were always consistent to those made without clustering.
The first expression on the top left of Fig.9 is surprise. The user has quite a pronounced nasolabial wrinkle, even in rest position, so the algorithm detects a slight activation of joy expression. However, asthe rest of the facial features become more noticeable (eyelids opening, eyebrows rising or mouth opening), neuron competition makes the output change clearly tothe correct surprise expression. The second expression on the top is sadness. It can be seen that the presence of glasses does not affect the method performance. The third expression shown is fear. Here, the algorithm starts detecting a surprise expression, due tothe fact that, at the beginning of the sequence, facial features which are characteristic for this emotion are active: whole eyebrow rising (AU1+AU2), eyelids opening (AU5) and mouth opening (AU26). Asthe expression evolves, fear expression features become more intense: inner part of the eyebrows rising (AU1), mouth corners pulled down (AU15), and nostrils opening (AU10). Also, the position of the lips in the second half of the sequence causes a little rise in the output that corresponds tothe sadness expression. However, neuron competition makes the fear expression prevail over the rest of the expressions.
ponded to those areas where the trabecular patter- ns crossed each other (Figure 3). We found that ex- tension is the hip joint movement that exhibits the highest stress gradient in both the mid-sagittal cut and the femoral neck. If a higher mechanical sti- mulus that is characterized by a high shear stress value produces stronger bone tissue, we can say that the stress patterns exhibited in the extension loading case very effectively support both bending and torsional loads (Figure 4). The abduction loading case has the second best stress distribu- tion, followed bythe adduction and flexion loading cases.