Tourism -- Economic aspects -- Mexico.

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Unsustainable Littoral Tourism in Tulum, Mexico

Unsustainable Littoral Tourism in Tulum, Mexico

For many decades, the production of chicle (chewing gum) increased in importance in the whole region. After Hurricane Janet in 1955, the devastation of the flora and fauna in the area was evident. This speeded up the fall in chicle gum production and the export of copra and precious woods, according to an interview with a Mayan representative. Then, the era of modernization of the State of Quintana Roo began. Tulum was well connected with other parts of the region and the central part of Mexico by road. With the creation of Cancun as an Integrally Planned Centre (CIP), tourism replaced traditional economic activities and as part of a chain effect, the Cancun-Tulum tourism corridor was created, an approximately 99-mile (160 km) strip of coastline with a total surface of approximately 1988 mi 2 (3,200 km 2 ). This corridor includes destinations such as Cozumel, Isla Mujeres, Solidaridad and obviously Tulum. Most of the investment was destined for Cancun, but the corridor attracted the interest of investors and positively influenced the rapid consolidation of tourist services in the area. This is the beginning of a stage of tourism expansion known for its extensive use of the coastal area by assigning larger stretches of land to tourist activity (Martinez 2008; García 2009).
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21 Lee mas

Theoretical aspects of tourism attractiveness and its estimation by the example of the Republic of Tatarstan

Theoretical aspects of tourism attractiveness and its estimation by the example of the Republic of Tatarstan

The tourism potential of the Republic of Tatarstan characterized by a combination of great history and rich culture of the East and West, Islam and Orthodoxy, a good geographical location and national distinctive features should be focused on the development of all areas of tourism that can give a significant economic effect. Maintaining and increasing the pace of tourism development in the Republic of Tatarstan today is the most important strategic task of all participants of the tourism market, as the tourism brand of Tatarstan contributes to strengthening competitive positions, attracting investors, expanding the network of travel business and developing the entire tourist industry on the whole.
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DT 09/16 - Tourism demand for Mexico and Uruguay

DT 09/16 - Tourism demand for Mexico and Uruguay

2011; Desplas, 2010). Tourism mobility is increasing over time and space, allowing increasing destination income, employment, foreign currencies earnings, and balanced balances of payments. Experts argue that the tourism industry continues to be one of the world's largest sectors with a crucial impact in the economic welfare of local populations, the entrepreneurship activity, the direct and indirect tourists’ spending due to the multiplier effect. In addition, recently, the tourism-growth literature explains that tourism is perceived in many regions as a crucial source of their own expansion and development. For example, in developing countries (Ghimire, 2013); Malaysia (Tang & Tan, 2013); Pakistan (Adnan & Ali, 2013); Cyprus, Latvia and Slovakia, (Chou, 2013); Singapore (Timothy, 2014); Hong Kong (HK Tourism Board, 2014); China (Chon, Pine, Lam, & Zhang, 2013). In other places like the Mediterranean countries (Tugcu, 2014); the Latin-American countries (Peterson, Cardenas, &Harrill, 2014); Mexico (UNTWO 2 , 2014b); the USA (White House, 2014); and the European Countries in general
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26 Lee mas

Residents' perspertive of tourism development. The case of Petra, Jordan

Residents' perspertive of tourism development. The case of Petra, Jordan

(PDTRA) is an autonomous agency created to develop the region in all aspects, especially the tourist industry, and to emphasize the importance of cultural heritage. Despite its touristic and cultural importance, Petra as a tourist destination is surrounded by many challenges, such as the decreasing number of visitors, political instability in the Middle East, and an increase in the number of one-day visitors [22]. Political and security instability influence the growth of tourism in any country [23]. Consequently, the region’s economy may experience instabilities, such as the seasonality of tourism employment, resulting in the dissatisfaction of residents who expect to gain economic benefits from tourism activities [11]. However, sustainability initiatives have recently started in the region. After joining the National Protected Areas Network in 2017, a remarkable step for the PDTRA and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) was to assess 17 sustainable development goals. The main objective that must be met to make Petra a nature reserve is to minimize the negative impacts of tourism (see Supplementary Material 1) and to involve the local community in the tourism industry. In spite of the importance of Petra as a world heritage destination, there is a notable absence of opinions and perceptions of the local population regarding tourism [22]. This research provides knowledge about the residents’ satisfaction with local management and examines the role of sociodemographic characteristics, especially the role played by gender and place of residence, in the perception of three types of impacts: Sociocultural, economic, and environmental. Furthermore, while many studies have been carried out to investigate the archaeological site of Petra, few studies have been conducted to investigate the residents’ perceptions of tourism impacts. This study was conducted to meet the need for a perception analysis of residents in the Petra region toward tourism leaders.
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318 Lee mas

Psychedelic tourism in Mexico, a thriving trend.

Psychedelic tourism in Mexico, a thriving trend.

Although Mexico has vast natural and cultural resources which could be smartly utilized as a tool for establishing a truly sustainable tourism sector, investors and government authorities have repeatedly evidenced their lack of interest for improving social conditions of mexican communities, especially when potential economic benefits are involved, therefore, it is no surprise that, even though Mexico has the richest psychedelic flora in the world (Labate, 2015), national plans of tourism don’t even take into account the attractiveness that such traditional indigenous medicine represents, you can’t certainly build a thirty ‑story all ‑inclusive resort out of a mystical experience.
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14 Lee mas

Revista Electrónica Nova Scientia La contribución del Turismo al crecimiento económico de México: Un análisis por ramas características del sector The contribution of tourism to economic growth of Mexico: An analysis by tourism industries

Revista Electrónica Nova Scientia La contribución del Turismo al crecimiento económico de México: Un análisis por ramas características del sector The contribution of tourism to economic growth of Mexico: An analysis by tourism industries

Es necesario mencionar que el método propuesto por Ivanov y Webster (2007) sólo nos permite medir los efectos directos de cada una de las ramas características del [r]

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TítuloWorld Heritage vs  Tonameca tourism, Oaxaca, Mexico

TítuloWorld Heritage vs Tonameca tourism, Oaxaca, Mexico

For explanatory purposes described physically, economically and socially to the community of Santa Maria Tonameca , the break points in its history from its founding as a town in 1921 , its flood disaster 1939 , 2004 , 1997 Hurricane Pauline , his inclusion in the processes Finally , historical and current issues in the integration of tourism , where are three fundamental aspects : economic for the expropriation of land and tenure contradict the same , its strategic location on the coast of Oaxaca , in the middle of the passage Chacahua Lagoons Resort ( national park) -Puerto Escondido -Huatulco ( 170 km ) legal- political, legal because laws in contradiction involves private, public and community ; political because exercise powers from three local, national and global for economic policy to boost tourism in all parts of our country . Finally symbolic because it impacts on culture, their customs and traditions and the development of everyday life.
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15 Lee mas

Institutions and Development in Mexico. Are Formal Economic Reforms Enough?

Institutions and Development in Mexico. Are Formal Economic Reforms Enough?

Of course, these indicators must be looked at carefully. They are statistical com- pilations of subjective opinions about different concepts of rule of law, corruption, political stability, etcetera. The countries’ relative positions on these indicators are subject to margins of error and consequently it is inappropriate to infer precise country rankings based on this data. Also, as Bardhan (2005) has noted, the operationalisation of the “rule of law” variable very often ignored important features such as the de- mocratic rights of political participation or the expression of “voice”. Nevertheless, these statistical compilations may serve as imperfect proxies of the quality of those basic institutional aspects here considered if we assume that perceptions correspond with realities, which cannot be always assured as will be indicated.
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The Economic Analysis of Medical Tourism in Thailand: opportunities, challenges and impacts

The Economic Analysis of Medical Tourism in Thailand: opportunities, challenges and impacts

As a summary of the analysis presented throughout this section, we found that each country has advantages in different aspects. These findings were consistent with the in-depth interviews with the administrator of private providers who thought that there was little competition between these four countries (Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, and India). That is because each country has positioned itself differently based on their advantages. Singapore focuses on medical tourists seeking for advanced medical technology or specialized treatments such as neurosurgical procedures and heart transplant. They prefer to compete on high-quality medical services instead of price. Thailand is preferred by the group of medical tourists who focus on good quality medical services at reasonable prices, delivered with graceful and attentive service. For Malaysia, Islamic patients which have a similar culture are their main target. Most of the medical tourists in Malaysia are Indonesian. While, India uses their advantage in price (both medical and tourism price) to compete with the other countries. 83 percent (10 out of 12) of the administrators agreed that Thai medical tourism market faces more domestic competition than international competition. That is because all hospitals have the same group of potential customer (the marketing target is the same). While the medical tourism market in Asia is a niche market, where destinations position themselves differently, and attempt to attract the corresponding profile of clients.
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146 Lee mas

Migration Under NA FTA : Exporting Goods and People

Migration Under NA FTA : Exporting Goods and People

Pastor, among others, has stressed that the migration is- sue will not be resolved with- out a “Marshall Plan” for de- velopment in Mexico. He calls for a regional development fund with a ten-year program to address these asymmetries, with particular attention to underdeveloped regions in Mexico. While the United States and Canada would need to put up the vast majority of the funds, the Mexican government would need to carry out a long-overdue reform of its tax system to put the state in a stronger position to spur development. 8 A revitalized NADBANK could be a good
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First comers

First comers

The great transformation of the Balearic economy developed between the late 1940s and the first petroleum crisis of 1973. In fact, it was the nearly thirty years spanning between 1945 and 1973 that would redefine the model for economic growth on the islands. One could speak of a genuine boom as of 1960, which was fostered and spurred by the spectacular progress of the European economy. Though indeed a determining factor, the pure economic rent of the islands could not alone account for such phenomenon. This time it was not the conventional goods from the fields or urban workshops that would prompt such a shift, but rather the industry of the outsiders, to coin the visionary phrase of the Majorcan Bartomeu Amengual, Secretary of Barcelona’s Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Navigation between 1902 and 1957. Europe was rebuilding itself as a result of the war. The improvement in the standard of living, together with adequate legislation, made it possible for a large part of the population to enjoy the summer holidays in other countries. Thus, a tourist demand slowly made its way to the Mediterranean, where the low cost of living offered benefits that were comparable to those of the leisure industry. The response of the Balearic Islands in the 1960s was swift and calls for careful examination by economic historians. Meanwhile, according to the information available, the initial hypothesis appears to be logical: industrial and agricultural capital, together with clever businessmen of humble and diverse origins, laid down the foundations of an infrastructure, which, built hastily and anarchically, was formed in the Mediterranean’s main tourist attraction in just a few years’ time, thanks to an endless source of labour from other parts of the world. With regard to Europe, the progress began around the mid 1950s, as the influx of passengers from the continent to the Balearics by air grew considerably in relation to the number of those travelling by sea. Yet other measures helped to consolidate this. Along these lines, the 1956-1959 period led to a critical turning point, for it was in these years that the visa and customs procedures were simplified and/or eliminated, at the same time that there was a freedom to use alternative currencies, the modification of the exchange rates and the stabilisation of prices. All of these factors had a positive impact on the massive arrival of foreign tourism.
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ASPECTS OF ECOSYSTEM HEALTH IN THE COLORADO RIVER DELTA MEXICO

ASPECTS OF ECOSYSTEM HEALTH IN THE COLORADO RIVER DELTA MEXICO

Baja California. Conflicto por el agua en la region fronteriza. El origen de la region de los valles de Mexicali e Imperial desde la perspectiva de las relaciones sociales. Mexicali,[r]

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Epistemological aspects of the economic control

Epistemological aspects of the economic control

The ‘economic control’ is concerned with social responsibility, ethical conduct, as well as with ‘evidence’, ‘proof’, opinions and judgments. The credibility of a hypothesis depends on the associated evidence, so it is not independent from the strength of the entire argument, ‘evidence plus hypothesis’. The ‘degree of confidence’ implies probability, specifically the bayesian approach for modifying early prior valuations in the light of further information, obtaining revised posterior probabilities. The essential requirement of a proof is that it is ‘psychologically satisfying’; the problem of the controller’s independence stresses the controlling ethical standards. The code of ethics and rules of conduct should serve to identify responsibilities and aims involved – greater accountability through better information about ends and means – and to underline the need for a theoretical foundation about ethics of accounting and economic controlling. Of particular interest is the dichotomy ‘subjective-objective’ related also to economic reality, every kind of reality, included physical as well as cultural ones. This brings directly in the field of accounting and ‘entity economics’ metaphors. The economic controlling process is tightly connected to interpersonal analogy and to the ‘social agreement approach’ to ‘objectivity’ and scientific methodology. There is often no possible control through ‘correspondence’ with definite aspects of reality, economic-financial events themselves. System theorists employ many concepts that correspond to ‘independent reality’ only through ‘indicator hypotheses’ such as ‘business income’ magnitude, the best proxy of the economic efficiency of the ‘business entity’.
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TítuloA software for calculating the economic aspects of floating offshore renewable energies

TítuloA software for calculating the economic aspects of floating offshore renewable energies

However,  all  of  these  studies  did  not  take  into  account  the  economic  aspects  of  such  technologies, although Wind Europe has established the importance of cost reductions [24] in order  to  create  competitive  technologies  comparable  with  onshore  renewable  energies.  In  addition,  presently, there is not any software that allows the user to develop the economic calculation of the  offshore  renewable  energy  of  several  choices  (wind,  waves,  and  wind  and  waves),  which  is  the  objective of the present work. 
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Logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio: cuestiones y opciones para la industria turística de Nigeria

Logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio: cuestiones y opciones para la industria turística de Nigeria

Many countries have experienced how tourism and related recreation activities can help to increase and diversity their economic bases, particularly in rural areas (Fawson, Thilmany, and Keith 1998). Sev- eral empirical studies have also docu- mented that tourism has direct, indirect and induced impacts on economic develop- ment (Slee, Farr, and Snowdon, 1997). In fact, the industry is one of the most crucial tradable sectors in the world. Tourism is an effective weapon which can assist underde- veloped countries to achieve the 2015 anti – poverty MDGs. Globally the tourism indus- try has created 100, 000 new jobs a year, thus accounting for 11 per cent of global employment (WTO, 2004). Furthermore, tourism is the only service industry where there is a positive balance of trade flows from first world to their world countries. Most African cities where half of young people account for about 50 per cent of the
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8 Lee mas

Spatial diffusion of economic growth and externalities in Mexico

Spatial diffusion of economic growth and externalities in Mexico

dependence of the growth rates on municipalities. It also computes the degree to which the growth rate of the municipality j impacts the growth rate of neighbors. This coefficient is monotonically increasing with the distance. Its range of values is from 0.139 for 20 km to 0.656 for 300 km and it is significant at 1% in all cases. This means that economic growth is highly concentrated in a few municipalities as well as the production does, when the output growth rate increases, spatially speaking, the increasing is not randomly distributed. As distance increases, a higher dependence between municipalities’ growth rate is expected, the ups and downs in the growth rate in j impact the ups and downs in the growth rate of i. In comparison with the results of table 2, the spatial dependence on output growth rate is stronger than the spatial dependence on output, this is explained by the lack of externalities from capital. Municipalities may depend each other to grow, a municipality with high share of capital and high productivity levels, drags surround municipalities, maybe with complementary activities or secondary activities, however, the lack of externalities from capital implies that it keeps concentrating in the same territories, instead of spread out to others.
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22 Lee mas

Residents´ perceptions of tourism development in Benalmádena (Spain)

Residents´ perceptions of tourism development in Benalmádena (Spain)

Parental status was found to be a strong predictor of positive attitudes towards tourism’s effects on the local environment, explaining a significant amount of the variance of the environmental impact beyond the effects attributable to age and gender. The most significant environmental elements of Benalmádena are large parks (e.g., Paloma Park), which are recreational areas that are most often visited by retirees and young couples with children. In line with these results, the study that King et al. (1993) conducted in Nadi (Fiji Island) showed that respondents who had children under 18 living in their households were more favourably disposed to tourism than those without minor children in the household (Tosun, 2002). In addition, Haralambopoulos and Pizam (1996) found that the more minor children that respondents had in the family, the more positive their perceptions regarding tourism’s impact on certain socioeconomic issues were and the higher their level of support for the industry was. In other studies, however, this variable did not show statistically significant values (Milman & Pizam, 1988; Pearce, 1980; William & Lawson, 2001).
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The state of economic freedom in Mexico : a condition for development

The state of economic freedom in Mexico : a condition for development

The "new growth theory" of Bauer 1972 and North 1990 emphasizes the important effects on economic growth of an economic environment that supports the development and efficient use of r[r]

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A Framework for Assessing Democratic Qualities in Collaborative Economy Platforms: Analysis of 10 Cases in Barcelona

A Framework for Assessing Democratic Qualities in Collaborative Economy Platforms: Analysis of 10 Cases in Barcelona

According to the results (Table 2: case comparison between the cases of the commons balance), none of the cases fulfill 100% of the five qualities. However, the majority of them accomplish aspects of the commons star collaborative economy review at a good level. Cases 3 (Goteo), 8 (eReuse), and especially 10 (Pam a Pam) achieve in a holistic approach achieving the majority of commons criteria. Two of these projects (Goteo and Pam a Pam) are in a post-maturation evolutionary stage. The qualities linked to the non-profit economic dimension and open participation in governance are the ones more cases fulfill, while technological decentralization, open data, and inclusion indicators (in these order) are the areas less fulfilled by the cases. The governance and economic model get the best evaluation, but open participation and non-profit organization have better valuation than cooperative governance and transparency, respectively. Overall, Case 2 (SmartIB), which is in the early platform development stage, has accomplished the fewest criteria.
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Linguistic commodification in tourism

Linguistic commodification in tourism

production and consumption. Indeed Ford literally supplied the means (the car) that made peripheries attainable for consumption to the masses. Mass tourism drew crowds to Catalan beaches, Québec lakes and Swiss hiking trails, in ways which played down cultural difference in favour of experiences of nature and escape from civilization and drudgery “packaged” by international tour operators. At the same time, peripheral areas struggled to constitute themselves as “normal” nation-States, working at building their own centres and peripheries by controlling multilingualism, largely through political means. Even Switzerland, with its constitutive multilingualism, organized that multilingualism as contiguous monolingual zones, working hard to develop means of distinguishing just which language should prevail over just which political-territorial units.
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