PDF superior Abuse of the elderly. Theoretical approach from the social education

Abuse of the elderly. Theoretical approach from the social education

Abuse of the elderly. Theoretical approach from the social education

Además, en cuanto al proceso de intervención, tratamiento o rehabilitación (Prevención Terciaria) el educador social puede representar para la familia la figura profesional menos coactiva y coercitiva de todos los miembros del abanico de profesionales que intervienen, de una manera u otra, ante el maltrato. Tanto el trabajador social como el psiquiatra, el policía o el fiscal tienden a ser normalmente vistos como agentes de violencia sobre el ámbito familiar y pueden provocar reacciones contrarias a las perseguidas. El educador social debería por tanto saber aprovechar esta situación ventajosa para actuar como auténtico mediador en el conflicto favoreciendo la búsqueda de soluciones desde el mismo entorno familiar. También es muy importante su posible papel de profesional «puente» entre cualquier otra institución social y la comunidad. Esta posición de intermediario debería ser utilizada como canal de comunicación en ambos sentidos, favoreciendo el conocimiento mutuo, el respeto, la asunción de responsabilidad y la solidaridad.
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El campo profesional de la Comunicación Social. Acercamiento teórico desde la Sociología / The Professional Field of Social Communication. Theoretical Approach from Sociology

El campo profesional de la Comunicación Social. Acercamiento teórico desde la Sociología / The Professional Field of Social Communication. Theoretical Approach from Sociology

Mientras que Stephen Fitzgerald señalaba que “Cuando usamos términos profesionales tales como arquitectura, o publicidad, o medicina, o derecho, tenemos una idea razonablemente clara sobre qué significan. Este no es el caso cuando hablamos de Relaciones Públicas (…) El problema no es que la frase relaciones públicas no tenga significado; el problema es que significa demasiadas cosas” (1946: 192 –trad. pers.: “When we use such professional terms as architecture, or advertisement, or medicine, or law, we have a reasonably clear idea of what we mean. This is not the case when we talk of public relations. (…) The problem is not that the phrase public relations has no meaning; the difficulty is that it means too many different things”). Estas subvaloraciones de actividades del campo de la Comunicación Social han tenido raíces profundas y llegan hasta nuestros días.
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The hidden social impact of informal care in elderly people

The hidden social impact of informal care in elderly people

The main result is an estimation of 4,193 million hours of informal caregiving, and a corresponding monetary valuation ranging from 18,871 million to 53,299 million euros, depending on the method applied. The three methods considered different shadow prices that varied significantly depending of the approach chosen, giving a very broad range for the cost of informal care. Generally, the value of informal care was estimated at 1.73%-4.90% of the Gross Domestic Product for 2008. Obviously, when it is compared the aggregate figures for the monetary value of informal care with GDP, it is obvious that these types of services are not presently included in the GDP. However, given the high magnitude of the estimated figures, it was considered that GDP would be the most appropriate indicator to be compared with the results. In this sense, there are some interesting proposals for measuring economic development (Spanish Ministry of Health, 2006) that refine the current economic indicators. If these proposals were taken into consideration, it would be necessary to estimate the time invested in caring for children and people with dependency as relevant activities to be included in such advanced economic development indicators. It would be possible to estimate an extended GDP that included non-market (but valuable) activities such as informal care that contribute to social well-being.
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Essays on the formation of social networks from a game theoritical approach

Essays on the formation of social networks from a game theoritical approach

tion is the equilibrium concept that allows us to define the principles that determine the stable game resolutions, namely, those networks that do not offer profitable pos- sibilities of deviation to their members. One of the aims of this paper, developed in Section 1.3, is to offer a detailed analysis of different stability notions. Specifically, we analyze and compare different equilibrium concepts applicable to social networks. This implies that, in addition to imperfect information, the concepts that will be discussed must capture the requirement of mutual consent in the creation of new ties. The concepts that we present can be classified into two categories according to the nature of agents’ conjectures about the unknown features of the network. The con- cepts in the first group consider that agents follow an objective probability function to calculate the conditional probabilities of the different possible scenarios in order to evaluate the expected marginal payoff of potential deviations. The second group as- sumes that these conjectures are subjective, and in principle, agents can believe that the actual state of the world is any possible situation that does not contradict the information available about the network. The Conjectural Pairwise Stability (CPS) introduced by McBride (2005) is the leading example of this kind of equilibrium con- cepts. The comparison among the different stability concepts is twofold: on the one hand we build bridges between the different concepts within the first group. Then, we examine the pros and cons of CPS with respect to the concepts of the first group. As a result, we argue that CPS is the most appropriate equilibrium concept for the framework considered in this paper. For this reason, a theoretical application of CPS is developed in Section 1.4.
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La construcción del conocimiento: un nuevo enfoque de la educación actual / The construction of the knowledge:  a new approach of the current education

La construcción del conocimiento: un nuevo enfoque de la educación actual / The construction of the knowledge: a new approach of the current education

In the second part it is obvious as this one to develop, pushes us to consider the relevancy of the theory and educational practice, as important aspects in the development of the educational system. The theory and the educa- tional practice must be in conformity to achieve that the advances are demonstrated in the educational occupation. It is important to stress that the Philosophy of the Education tries to think the education from the concrete reality of the human being, that is to say, that the theoretical part of the education does not dissociate itself from the edu- cational practice. Everything this one to think and to act at present has taken us to new conceptions and actions in the educational occupation for this, In the last part it puts in evidence the new conception of the education and of aspects considered central as the construction of the knowledge that they delimit the reform curricular of 2010 and that nowadays they try to put each other in force in all the educational centers of our country.
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THE CAPABILITY APPROACH: A THEORETICAL SURVEY

THE CAPABILITY APPROACH: A THEORETICAL SURVEY

such as clean water, access to doctors, protection from infections and diseases, and basic knowledge on health issues. It asks whether people are well-nourished, and whether the conditions for this capability, such as having sufficient food supplies and food entitlements, are being met. 4 It asks whether people have access to a high-quality educational system, to real political participation, to community activities that support them to cope with struggles in daily life and that foster real friendships. For some of these capabilities, the main input will be financial resources and economic production, but for others it can also be political practices and institutions, such as the effective guaranteeing and protection of freedom of thought, political participation, social or cultural practices, social structures, social institutions, public goods, social norms, traditions and habits. The capability approach thus covers all dimensions of human well-being. Development, well-being, and justice are regarded in a comprehensive and integrated manner, and much attention is paid to the links between material, mental and social well-being, or to the economic, social, political and cultural dimensions of life. The following sections will describe the capability approach in somewhat more detail.
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Tutoring degree of teaching practice in a school: Approach from the area of Physical Education

Tutoring degree of teaching practice in a school: Approach from the area of Physical Education

reguladoras y la convocatoria para la selección de centros educativos de enseñanzas no universitarias sostenidos con fondos públicos para el desarrollo de las prácticas de los Grados de Magisterio, Pedagogía, Psicología, Psicopedagogía, Trabajo Social, Educación Social, Terapia Ocupacional, Máster MEILIC en Educación Infantil y Primaria, Máster de Lengua Inglesa para el aula bilingüe de Educación Secundaria, Máster de Intervención Socioeducativa de la Universidad de Oviedo y la Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia y el procedimiento para la autorización de la realización de las prácticas de otras titulaciones del alumnado de la Universidad de Oviedo y de la Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia durante el curso 2015-2016.
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Investigation of the amount of attention to multicultural education approach in the education department of North Khorasan

Investigation of the amount of attention to multicultural education approach in the education department of North Khorasan

Teachers are the major correspondents of the education system. Competency of every education system is equal to the competency of the teachers of that system, and quality of education system depends on the quality of teachers of that society. In fact, no country can go beyond the level of its teachers. Accordingly, teacher training is worth the strongest careful and continuous attention (UNESCO, 1990: 82). Executive guarantee of improvements of an education system is the presence of good and efficient teachers. Success or failure of the best or the weakest curriculums depends on the teacher’s designing and executing. Looking at the changes of evolutions of education systems at national and international levels, it becomes evident that without considering a specific role for the teachers, none of the goals and desires will be achieved and education systems cannot achieve any scientific change or innovation. Before beginning the discussion on multicultural teaching and the relevant topics, understanding the concepts such as culture, identity, and ethnicity, multicultural society, globalization, and pluralism is necessary. Gidnez (2006:34) defines culture as life styles of group members of society. In his opinion, culture is the interaction of how to wear, customs, marriage, family life, working patterns, rituals, and recreation. Nito (2004:146) considers culture as including values, traditions, sociopolitical relationships, and worldviews which are created, shared, and transformed by a group of people who are connected to each other by shared history, geographical location, language, social class, religion, or other shared identities. As human societies have different cultures, every culture forms a special identity. Therefore, every society has a distinguished identity due to having a special culture. In terms of pluralism, identity is a characteristic which originates from a set of customs, behaviors, legacies, specific social group, and a set of specific experiences (Sajadi, 2005: 33). Since one of the aspects of multicultural education is reviewing different cultural identities within a pluralistic society and making the learners familiar with the unique characteristics of these identities, consideration of this aspect in the process of training and educating the future teachers seems to be necessary. Therefore, multicultural society should allow its members to define their identities in the group or groups to which they feel a close affinity, and also every group is allowed to form its genuine demands and differences according to its situation (Miller, 2003: 145-146).
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ICT as mediators in the learning of foreign languages in Pre-school Education. From the natural approach perspective

ICT as mediators in the learning of foreign languages in Pre-school Education. From the natural approach perspective

Este enfoque natural desarrollado por Krasen y Terrell (1983), se fundamenta en la Acquisition Learning Hypothesis. Las lenguas “no se aprenden conscientemente a través del estudio explícito de su gramática (learning), sino que se adquiere utilizándola en situaciones comunicativas reales, de forma natural e inconsciente, al igual que la lengua materna” (Moya et al., 2003: 29). Las lenguas y sus normas son desarrollos propios de contextos donde se lleva a cabo el aprendizaje (Bowerman, 1985): “Children growing up in different cultures experience worlds that differ not only in language, but just about every facet physical, social, and emotional experience” (Bowerman y Levinson, 2001: 9). En este sentido, la LE adquiere valor y es hablada siempre que el que la aprende tiene la posibilidad de construir usos significativos con ella. Es necesario, pues, que los niños estén expuestos a la lengua extranjera como si de la lengua materna se tratase. La clase ha de ser conducida haciendo un uso exclusivo o casi de la L2. De este modo, tal y como afirma Halliwell (Citado en Morris y Segura, 2003: 198), se:
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Use of medications on the elderly

Use of medications on the elderly

It has been shown that about two thirds of elderly patients receive inappropriate drug doses, and a substantial percentage of their hospital admissions are associated with potentially pre- ventable toxic effects of drugs. To date, expert criteria, error detection tools and educational prescription plans have been developed by expert consensus for the safe use of drugs in the geriatric population. The objective of this study is a brief review of the principal physiological changes in an older adult, and summarize the contributions of the consensuses on prescription. © 2014 Revista Medicina Universitaria. Facultad de Medicina UANL. Published by Elsevier México. All rights reserved.
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Therapeutic Bond: Approach from the dialog and the co-construction of meanings

Therapeutic Bond: Approach from the dialog and the co-construction of meanings

Luego del intercambio inicial (n°6) el terapeuta establece una relación entre conceptos que la pa- ciente va a rechazar en todo el resto del diálogo sos- tenido en el extracto analizado: El sugiere que el do- lor de cabeza es una manifestación de la nota ante la prueba. Lo no dicho a través de este intercambio, apunta a los significados dados por sentado que existen en la cultura asociados a la acción social de poner una nota. Estos posibles significados apun- tarían a las nociones de falla o fracaso, que surgi- rían de No-A (No-saber). La tensión generada entre saber, tener posibilidad y fracasar o ser limitada en sus posibilidades, lleva a Paula a buscar nuevos sig- nificados a través de la expresión: “me baja todo”. Este nuevo significado está caracterizado por mu- cha ambivalencia, apuntando a una zona intermedia entre los polos en tensión (saber – no saber; posibi- lidad – No posibilidad). Este signo aportado en el in- tercambio expresa la cualidad del circunloquio – me baja todo – que contiene un aspecto idiosincrático, de significado y sentido muy particular para Paula y por ello es relevante en el contexto terapéutico. Es un enunciado emocionalmente intenso, altamente generalizado e impregnado de afecto. Lo altamente personal expresado por Paula, es en respuesta y en contraposición al aspecto culturalmente cargado de la nota. Este signo construido muestra que el cam- po afectivo invade el significado de la paciente. Ella utiliza un recurso para expresarse en forma ambiva- lente y generalizada actuando hacia la exploración desde esa cualidad, a lo cual el terapeuta reaccio- na intentando contextualizar y conceptualizar. Esto manifiesta un primer momento de tensión entre las posiciones de los actores en el diálogo.
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The distributive effects of education: an unconditional quantile regression approach

The distributive effects of education: an unconditional quantile regression approach

Considerable attention has been awarded to the effects of education on economic outcomes. The massive literature on returns to education focuses on the causal ef- fect of increasing education (usually measured in years) on expected earnings. In such context, a major concern of this body of research relates to the likely endoge- nous nature of education, which biases standard OLS estimates, and usually calls for instrumental variables strategies (See Card (2001) for a review). On the other hand, the literature on poverty and inequality focuses on aspects of the distribu- tion of earnings other than the mean, such as its left tail, as the case of poverty, or its dispersion. This literature has moved gradually from unconditional analysis (i.e., measuring income based poverty or inequality) to conditional models that help explain the sources and causes of deprivation and/or inequality. From this perspec- tive, standard returns to education analysis is seen as one particular step (focused on the mean) towards the final goal of quantifying the effect of the determinants of income (including education) on the whole income distribution, and eventually on functionals other than the mean, like poverty ratios or inequality indexes.
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The apex of the fetishism:
Administration, education and social control

The apex of the fetishism: Administration, education and social control

socio-technical reinforcement of ideologies, which bespeak in the name of capital. To put this in other terms, the individual emancipation appeals to “common sense” which is organized into a reified atmosphere fabricated by capitalist fetishism. Regardless the academic wave, administrative models rests on the deluding as a path-grounding instrument, voluntarily or not, of control. In this essay review, four of these models will be placed under the critical lens of scrutiny. The first family of theories signals to “the management of peoples”, whose main goals was oriented to give talents to companies and financial corporations, oddly considering manpower as a simple alienable resource to be ordered using rationale. Marxism has posed some critical notes at time of considering alienation serves not only to the interests of capital-owners, but produces a false-consciousness in workforce, because they do not reach what they really want.
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Music training education slow the deterioration of music perception produced by presbycusis in the elderly

Music training education slow the deterioration of music perception produced by presbycusis in the elderly

(HHIE-S) and PTA audiometric thresholds [Figure 4C, Spearman, R (42) = 0.392, p = 0.01]. To determine possible audiological factors contributing to the MBEA performance in presbycusis subjects (n = 42), GLMs were fitted considering audiometric thresholds, speech discriminations and HHIE-S scores in addition to years of education and musical training as potential explanatory variables. The minimal adequate model for global MBEA accuracy in presbycusis patients included education, musical training and the interaction between musical training and HHIE-S scores; however, this last factor was not significant as a main effect (Table 4). Regarding the six tasks of the MBEA, musical training was included in the minimal adequate models of the three melodic tasks, one temporal task and in the memory task (T1, T2, T3, T5, and T6), while education was included in both temporal tasks (T4 and T5). HHIE-S was a significant main effect factor in T5 and was included in significant interactions in T2, T3, T5, and T6. Audiological measures (PTA thresholds and speech discrimination) were significant factors included in the minimal adequate model for the accuracy of MBEA meter and memory task (T5 and T6), and PTA appears in a significant interaction in T2. A summary of factors included in minimal adequate models for MBEA performance in presbycusis subjects is shown in Table 4. When tested separately, audiological variables showed non-significant effects on global and specific tasks (T1–T6) of MBEA performance (data not shown).
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The future of the teaching profession from the perspective of students with a Major in Education

The future of the teaching profession from the perspective of students with a Major in Education

El artículo ofrece los resultados obtenidos en un estudio en el que, mediante la aplicación de una encuesta y el desarrollo de un foro de discusión con estudiantes de las carreras de e[r]

6 Lee mas

Education and Work in Science Education: Contributions from the Study of the Professional Trajectories of its Graduates

Education and Work in Science Education: Contributions from the Study of the Professional Trajectories of its Graduates

1) Las trayectorias profesionales se presentan como “biografías en referencia” que trata sobre aquellos referentes en los que el graduado se apoya o reconoce a lo largo de su vida profe[r]

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The strategic approach of the corporative social responsibility: a review of academic literature

The strategic approach of the corporative social responsibility: a review of academic literature

El estudio realizado por Garriga y Melé es sumamente exhaustivo puesto que hace una revisión a fondo de todas las teorías más recientes sobre responsabilidad social y de las diferentes maneras en que se concibe la relación entre la sociedad y la empresa. Sin embargo, dentro de estos enfoques faltaría incorporar aquellos estudios que superan el enfoque meramente instrumental y prestan importancia no sólo al cumplimiento de los objetivos económicos de la empresa sino que incluyen y dan peso también de forma estratégica las diversas demandas de los stakeholders. De esta manera ya no sólo se persiguen objetivos económicos sino también sociales y se reconoce en la gestión de los mimos la posibilidad de crear valor a largo plazo.
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Public health and the human rights of the elderly

Public health and the human rights of the elderly

By underlying the fact that the need to protect the human rights of the elderly has not yet been recognized by the international community, this paper analyses the discrimination older people may suffer because of age. Health, work and intergenerational transferences are addressed as the three areas where such a discrimination may be perceived; we distinguish vulnerability by reason of age from vulnerability due to other factors, such as gender, race, ethnic minority or socioeconomic status. Discrimination by reason of age is expressed through a number of actions or omissions aimed at treating individuals or collectivities under lower standards only because of age. It is evident that discrimination due to age does not act in isolation but in conjunction with other factors, thus increasing the risk of vulnerability and discrimination. It is the case, for instance, of health, gender and economic inequalities associated to discrimination by reason of age.
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The search for the missing and the processes of identification: an approach from forensic anthropology

The search for the missing and the processes of identification: an approach from forensic anthropology

dos sexos, con algunas excepciones de índole Para lograr la identificación de las personas genética. Así mismo, se conservan algunos ras- se acude a métodos que permitan fijar sus carac- gos filogenéticos propios de la especie humana terísticas de manera cierta, objetiva, durable, que también aparecen en otras especies, dada invariablemente reconocible y fácilmente obser- nuestra condición de mamíferos y vertebrados. vable. Lo anterior en tanto la identidad es un Cabe recordar que los seres humanos comparti- hecho, además de ser una convención, más no es mos con nuestros primos más cercanos, los chim- un criterio. A través de ella la sociedad, la ley y pancés, casi un 99% del material genético. Sin los estados buscan un medio eficaz y seguro para embargo, somos tan diferentes de ellos que hace- garantizar el reconocimiento cultural, pero tam- mos parte de especies distintas. El ser humano bién el orden social, así como la defensa de la ontogénicamente cambia desde la concepción individualidad y de la colectividad (Sánchez y hasta después de la muerte a pesar de lo cual, hay Vargas, 1993).
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The firms benefits of mobile CRM from the relationship marketing approach and the TOE model

The firms benefits of mobile CRM from the relationship marketing approach and the TOE model

We identify the mobile phone retail channel as a power- ful relationship marketing tool which enables the creation of a link with the customer through personalization (ser- vices based on location, applications capable of designing the product interactively through the device); and it allows to increase sales (reaching new customers thanks to mobile advertising through BIDI, RFID, bluetooth, QR codes, or lo- yalty of newcomers through mobile applications that pro- vide access to products and services from mobile phones). This link facilitates to improve service, reinforce the rep- utation in the market, contribute to generate customer loyalty, promote an increase in sales, and improve the over- all profitability of the business. Due to these facts, we have studied the value provided by the use of mobile phones in the management of relations with customers, as well as four factors that are considered essential, from the point of view of the TOE model, to achieve benefits of CRM (techno- logical competence, employee support, innovativeness and customer information management) (Maroto, 2015; Chang et al., 2005; Gangwar et al., 2015).
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