PDF superior A case study of successful SMEs in Colombia: the case of the healthcare sector

A case study of successful SMEs in Colombia: the case of the healthcare sector

A case study of successful SMEs in Colombia: the case of the healthcare sector

guientes: manejo excelente de las relaciones con clientes y proveedores, enfoque de la empresa al servicio, conocimiento de los clientes, conoci- miento del producto, actualización constante de los propietarios median- te formación y capacitación técnica, conocimiento del sector industrial, buen manejo de inventarios, trans- ferencia del conocimiento entre los empleados, cumplimiento de los compromisos con clientes, bancos y Estado, establecimiento de procesos y controles, buen manejo fi nanciero. Las instituciones consideradas con mayor infl uencia en el éxito empre- sarial son: la especialización y los requerimientos de alta tecnología de la industria, las medidas de apoyo, espe- cialmente los accesos a la fi nanciación y el apoyo de la comunidad, en lo que se refi ere a clientes y proveedores. Las buenas prácticas gerenciales, entre ellas los mecanismos que po- seen para la transferencia del cono- cimiento al interior de la empresa, combinadas con los recursos y las oportunidades disponibles, son las razones que los empresarios aducen para haber logrado mantener una ventaja competitiva.
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The Allocation of Water Resources in the Bogotá Savanna Region: Case Study

The Allocation of Water Resources in the Bogotá Savanna Region: Case Study

Decree 155 of 2003 and resolución 240 of 2004 were approved by the Ministry of the Environment to develop article 42 of law 99 of 1993. According to Decree 155 of 2003 and to Resolución 240 of 2004 issued by the Ministry of the Environment, the minimum price for a cubic meter of water in Colombia is Col $ 0.5 and the maximum is Col $ 3.5 pesos. This maximum fee represents 2.75% of the water fee that the CAR had been charging for water coming from the Teusacá River up until 2003. It represents about 1.5% of what DAMA had been charging for the use of underground water resources. This new fee approved by resolución 240 of 2004 is between a hundredth and a thousandth of the marginal value of water for the industrial sector of Colombia 47 ; it corresponds to 1.5% and 6.5% of the marginal contribution of water to the production of potatoes and peas in one municipality of the Bogotá Savanna 48 . The new lower water fees could be attributed to the wide representation of the regulated sector in the process that led to the approval of the new regulations, and to the absence of other relevant stakeholders such as NGO’s and communities. Quantitative studies relative to the social value of water were not used by the Ministry of the Environment to determine the price of water. Presently the Regional Autonomous Corporation - CAR, is doubtful that the collection of the new water fees can be justifiable from a financial point of view 49 .
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30 Lee mas

Web 2.0 Tool of Empowerment of Female Entrepreneurs SMEs. A Case Study in the Andalusian Context

Web 2.0 Tool of Empowerment of Female Entrepreneurs SMEs. A Case Study in the Andalusian Context

Si bien son conocidas las RSV como recursos que pueden generar un valor añadido en el contexto empresarial, aún no han permeabilizado ni sus bene- ficios ni un conocimiento funcional. Su implantación puede estar en conco- mitancia con la rama de actividad y el tamaño de la empresa. No obstante, no hay una relación lineal si interactúa con otras variables como la formación académica y la edad de las empresarias. La Web 2.0 como instrumento del empresariado femenino podría encontrarse en un umbral de desarrollo con- dicionado por factores personales (edad, formación) y contextuales (sector, tamaño de la empresa). Urge que se implementen y aprendan la utilización de los recursos que precisa la nueva economía digital. Ya lo hacen muchas de nuestras empresarias. Pero no es suficiente. Queda un largo recorrido.
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24 Lee mas

Applying Lean in Process Innovation in Healthcare: The Case of Hip Fracture

Applying Lean in Process Innovation in Healthcare: The Case of Hip Fracture

On the other hand, Ortíz-Barrios and Alfaro-Saiz (2020) carried out a literature review of the application of process improvement in emergency processes in health hospitals [56]. The selected papers were categorized considering the leading ED problems and publication year. Two hundred and three (203) papers distributed in 120 journals were found to meet the inclusion criteria. In Latin America, Brazilian authors such as Coehlo et al. (2015) present a case study of process improvement, in which the performance improvement of the total workspace was 75% and the reduction in waiting for patient care went from 2 h to 30 min [57]. Coelho et al. (2015) also point out that Lean and Kaizen’s efforts can eliminate at least three hours a day of overtime in hospitals in Brazil. Curatolo et al., in 2014, also performed a literature review indicating that a Lean approach with a high-methodological maturity level that includes the 11 characteristic activities of process innovation or Business Process Improvement has never been reported [58]. Considering this, the paper suggests a meta model for a high-methodological maturity-level Lean method based on the characteristic activities of Business Process Improvement. Finally, Meyer et al. present the successful application of Lean Six Sigma, a set of quality improvement (QI) tools, to streamline their processes and uncover the root causes of program inefficiencies. All this for a hospital that performs treatments for cancer patients by Tobacco [59].
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On the price elasticity of demand in hotel revenue management - a case study in the colombian hotel sector

On the price elasticity of demand in hotel revenue management - a case study in the colombian hotel sector

We propose a rigorous econometric methodology for the calculation of the Price Elasticity of De- mand (PED) in a hotel company. Talluri & Van Ryzin (2004) explain how the importance of the estimation of the PED in hotel companies lies in its relation with Revenue Management (RM), in particular with the pricing area. We use different statistical tests and techniques to ensure unbiased and efficient estimators, and a Panel Data structure to model hotel characteristics such as: Room type, customer type and seasonality. The contribution of this work is a methodology that ensures efficient and unbiased estimators exploiting the intrinsic business structure of the hotel industry. Also, we develop a case study from the bookings database of a Colombian hotel, which for confi- dentiality reasons we are not allowed to give details.
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The effects of privatisation on the financial management: a case study.

The effects of privatisation on the financial management: a case study.

Sin embargo, Megginson et al. (1994) defienden que tras la privatización aumenta la inversión en la empresa. Primero, porque tras una OPV inicial tiene acceso a nuevos recur- sos financieros en el mercado de capitales, aumentando sus posibilidades de inversión. Y segundo, porque si la privatización va acompañada de medidas de liberalización del sector en cuestión, la empresa deberá hacer más inversiones para mantener su nivel competitivo. También Iranzo (2004, p. 817) considera que cuando las empresas son privatizadas se pro- duce un aumento del esfuerzo inversor. Además, en las empresas públicas los directivos pueden considerar que los beneficios de las nuevas inversiones pueden ser expropiados y que difícilmente obtendrán compensaciones por los mismos. Con la privatización tendrán
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18 Lee mas

The Lagrangian description of aperiodic flows: a case study of the Kuroshio Current

The Lagrangian description of aperiodic flows: a case study of the Kuroshio Current

The Lagrangian analysis of altimeter data sets has been previously addressed by means of different approaches and for different purposes. For instance Lehahn et al. (2007) have used finite-size Lyapunov exponents (FSLE) on the geostrophic velocity field to compute unstable manifolds which are found to modulate phytoplankton fronts in lobu- lar forms. d’Ovidio et al. (2009) have performed FSLE diag- nosis on altimeter data in the Algerian Basin, showing that Lyapunov exponents are able to predict the (sub-)mesoscale filamentary processes not captured by an Eulerian analy- sis. By computing probability distribution functions (PDFs) of the FTLEs over currents derived from satellite altimetry, Waugh and Abraham (2008) have evaluated global stirring variations. Beron-Vera et al. (2010) have compared the la- grangian analysis provided by Finite-Time Lyapunov Expo- nents (FTLE) on velocity fields obtained from two different multi satellite altimetry measurements, concluding that both measurements support mixing with similar characteristics. In this context, our work aims to extract transport routes in these realistic flows where there is no a priori idea on the transport mechanisms that take place on such flows. We have chosen the Kuroshio Current region for analysis in data measured during year 2003. We characterize transport events across a
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Orientation towards the internationalization: the case of the olive oil sector in Almería

Orientation towards the internationalization: the case of the olive oil sector in Almería

The weakened Spanish market situation has forced a growing number of companies to almost remove their business from the local market and place them abroad, where they can find attractive opportunities. Nowadays within the international market we can see many companies which have precious little global representation and mainly are focused on specific market niches or segments. In sum, international expansion is based on the capability of the firm to exploit its local advantages in foreign markets. On the contrary, the lack of strategic resources and the uncertainty and complexity of the process make international expansion a difficult goal to achieve. Even though these barriers, over the past few years many companies located in Almería have decided to go abroad in order to improve their business and to compensate the low internal demand. This challenging adaptation is quite interesting regarding to the tough continuous challenges which have been overcome and also the main changes happened within their organizational structure. What is more interesting is the little olive tradition of our region, still relatively young and under-represented nationally which shows good commercial arts performed by our entrepreneurs Almeria who at the appropriate time saw a significant business opportunity in the export of this product.
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69 Lee mas

Kinematic pattern of the drag-flick: a case study

Kinematic pattern of the drag-flick: a case study

Analysing the variables during the kinematic sequence above described, at T1, when the front foot heel made contact with the floor, the distance to the ball (-1.58 ± 0.05 m) and the normalised one (-0.93 ± 0.03 m) were longer in right drag-flicks than the distance to the ball (-1.51 ± 0.07 m) and normalised one (-0.88 ± 0.04 m) in left shots. Shots from both sides showed longer distances than those reported by López de Subijana et al. (2010) (-0.93 to -1.23 m), McLaughlin (1997) (-0.73 to -0.81 m) and Yusoff et al. (2008) (1.01 to 1.66 m). The reason for the longer distances of the right shots at T1 could probably be the position of the stick at that time. The angle between the line of double foot contact (Y-axis) and the stick was higher in right drag- flicks (-90.62 ± 22.96°) than in left hand shots (- 77.28 ± 31.80°). The angle of the stick in the right shots was greater than in the left ones, therefore the distance to the front foot was longer in the right drag-flicks than in the left ones. As the time to control the ball was limited, the players chose to prepare with a greater angle in the right shots and to finish with a longer follow-through in the left ones. The difference at the angles showed at T1 was maintained at T3. The stick angle was greater in the right drag-flicks (-96.47 ± 26.50°) than in the left shots (-74.50 ± 33.57°).
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On the Modular Specification of NFPs: A Case Study

On the Modular Specification of NFPs: A Case Study

Abstract. The modular specification of non-functional properties of systems is a current challenge of Software Engineering, for which no clear solution exists. However, in the case of Domain-Specific Languages some successful proposals are starting to emerge, combining model-driven techniques with aspect-weaving mechanisms. In this paper we show one of these approaches in practice, and present the implementation we have developed to fully support it. We apply our approach for the specification and monitoring of non-functional properties us- ing observers to a case study, illustrating how generic observers defining non- functional properties can be defined in an independent manner. Then, correspon- dences between these observers and the domain-specific model of the system can be established, and then weaved into a unified system specification using ATL model transformation. Such a unified specification can also be analyzed in a nat- ural way to obtain the required non-functional properties of the system.
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14 Lee mas

This research is a case study of the teaching

This research is a case study of the teaching

A partir de este breve recorrido de las lectu- ras principales, fueron recorridas a modo pano- rámico las propuestas teóricas de Sinclair y Coulthard (1978) con su estructura básica de In- tercambio, Respuesta y Feedback (IRF) con sus va- riaciones realizadas por Palacios et al. (2014), la Regla de los dos tercios y las categorías utilizadas para analizar y describir la interacción definidas por Flanders (1977) y la estructura referente a las funciones del lenguaje propuestas por Jakobson (1984). Estas lecturas y articulaciones produjeron como resultado una herramienta metodológica que ha posibilitado describir la existencia y mo- dos de uso del lenguaje puesto en práctica en los procesos comunicativos realizados hacia el inte- rior del aula.
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ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS OF BUSINESS INCUBATORS IN COLOMBIA: A Case Study

ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS OF BUSINESS INCUBATORS IN COLOMBIA: A Case Study

Para estudiar las características de las incubadoras de empresas en Colombia, se ha utilizado el estudio del “caso exploratorio” (Yin, 1994). La aplicación de esta metodología de investigación basada en la observación y la recogida de datos resulta imprescindible en las primeras etapas de una investigación, ya que permite contrastar y describir situaciones o hechos concretos (Cepeda, 2003). Las metodologías basadas en casos son habituales en investigaciones exploratorias so- bre todo en entornos organizacionales complejos, y generalmente son empleados por investigadores de Administración de Empresas (Business Administration) (Cepeda, 2003; Marshall, 1985). Marshall y Rossman (1989) confirman la validez, lo apropiado y el valor de los métodos cualitativos, o estudios de casos, para los siguientes tipos de investigaciones: aquellos que examinan en profundidad cuestiones complejas y procesos; estudios sobre fenómenos poco conocidos o sistemas innovadores; análisis de las discrepancias entre principios y costumbres y comportamientos reales y conocimientos; estudios sobre relaciones poco estructuradas e informales y procesos en las organiza- ciones; investigaciones sobre objetivos organizativos reales (como opuestos a formales); trabajos en los que no se puede experimentar por cuestiones prácticas o éticas; e investigaciones sobre variables importantes que acaban de ser identificadas.
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17 Lee mas

The dangers in the direct democracy: The case of the plebiscite for peace in Colombia

The dangers in the direct democracy: The case of the plebiscite for peace in Colombia

¿Todo ese despliegue nos permite decir que en el proceso de paz entre el gobierno de Colombia y las FARC conto con un alto grado de participación ciudadana? Nuestra respuesta, es que no se tuvieron altos grados de participación ciudadana, que en el caso del proceso de paz entre las Farc y el gobierno colombiano, no se puede hablar de participación ciudadana, ya que no se pasó de la pseudoparticipación, para lo cual nos apoyaremos en la escala de participación ciudadana que Marcelo López de Souza (2006) perfeccionó, sobre la que anteriormente había presentado Shery Arnstein (1969), classificando la participación en categorías que pueden ir desde la misma coerción, hasta el máximo nivel que sería a autogestión pudiendo localizarse una iniciativa en otras categorías intermedias como: manipulación, información, consulta, cooptación, parceria e delegación de poder.
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15 Lee mas

Carbon metric of the household sector in the use stage according to ISO 16745: A case study

Carbon metric of the household sector in the use stage according to ISO 16745: A case study

The upward trend in the residential sector of energy use has significant consequences in terms of environmental impacts. Determining the carbon metric (CM), as part of the whole carbon footprint of a building, contributes to quantify the carbon emissions related to the building’s use stage. Although many carbon footprint calculators exist in other sectors, none has been specifically designed and applicable to the building one. However, ISO 16745 provides guidelines for calculating and reporting the CM of existing buildings in operation. In this context, this work sets a methodology to measure the CM of existing households’ use stage, based on ISO 16745 and split into three stages. The implementation of the methodology to a case study proved its applicability since it enabled the data collection task through the designed survey, and allowed the energy carriers and end-uses be disaggregated, quantified and clearly reported for user’s knowledge. The study outlined that calculating the CM and, more specifically, reporting and making the results publicly available, help raise users’ awareness about reducing greenhouse
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38 Lee mas

Diagnostic of damage in a building of the early twentieth century in Havana. Case study

Diagnostic of damage in a building of the early twentieth century in Havana. Case study

This paper aims to discuss the results of the diagnosis made to a reinforced concrete building erected between 1900 and 1906 for the firm Casteleiro & Vizoso (Figure 1). Eclectic style and seven levels high, it was projected so that all levels had 4 m high struts, except for the ground floor with 6.3 m. The building was erected on a steel structure, covered in hydraulic concrete with foundations and reinforced concrete roof. The foundations consisted of support rafts calculated to support an average load of 3 Kg/cm 2 . The concrete prepared to form all the midlevel and stairs was dosed in proportion to 1 volume of cement, 3 of sand and 5 of gravel. The calculation of the accidental load of the floors was estimated for 366 Kg/m 2 and a safety factor of 4 was applied to
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14 Lee mas

Agglomeration Economies in the Presence of an Informal Sector. The Colombian Case

Agglomeration Economies in the Presence of an Informal Sector. The Colombian Case

Among more recent studies, we have, for instance, Da Mata et al. (2007) who found for the case of Brazilian cities that the urban elasticity, measuring urbanization economies as market potential, is 11%. Similarly, Combes et al. (2013) who studied 87 cities, instrumenting their density variable through three variables: peripherality, the historical status of the city, and distance to historical cities, found that the elasticity of wages with respect to density is between 10% and 12%. For the case of India, Chauvin et al. (2014) evaluated the effect of density on individual annual earnings at district level and also found a large elasticity of around 9% -12%. In the Colombian context, the only study carried out is by Duranton (2014), who, correcting by endogeneity with lagged population, found that doubling the city population as measurement of urban agglomeration is associated with an increase of about 5% in productivity measured by workers’ wages. Nonetheless, such evidence has an important bias, given that most of the findings are concerned with the formal sector and do not take into account the informal sector. In this sense, more research needs to be carried out to further our knowledge on agglomeration effects in developing countries, taking into account the presence of the informal sector. This study
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33 Lee mas

Diagnostic of damage in a building of the early twentieth century in Havana. Case study

Diagnostic of damage in a building of the early twentieth century in Havana. Case study

The objective of this work is to diagnostic the existing deterioration in a reinforced concrete building located in Old Havana, Cuba, built in 1906. Due to the years of exploitation and lack of maintenance, the property began to show detachment of concrete and cracks in almost all structural elements. To evaluate the service life, electrical resistivity studies of the concrete were carried out, chemical tests to quantify the levels of free chloride and sulphate, corrosion potential tests, section losses of the reinforcement bars, extractions of concrete specimens and visual analysis of the present damages. The results obtained showed that although the building presents an advanced deterioration, it can be rehabilitated, and it is possible to extend its service lifetime.
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14 Lee mas

Diagnostic of damage in a building of the early twentieth century in Havana. Case study

Diagnostic of damage in a building of the early twentieth century in Havana. Case study

The objective of this work is to diagnostic the existing deterioration in a reinforced concrete building located in Old Havana, Cuba, built in 1906. Due to the years of exploitation and lack of maintenance, the property began to show detachment of concrete and cracks in almost all structural elements. To evaluate the service life, electrical resistivity studies of the concrete were carried out, chemical tests to quantify the levels of free chloride and sulphate, corrosion potential tests, section losses of the reinforcement bars, extractions of concrete specimens and visual analysis of the present damages. The results obtained showed that although the building presents an advanced deterioration, it can be rehabilitated, and it is possible to extend its service lifetime.
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14 Lee mas

Improving the organization of fruit and vegetable production assembly systems in the coffee zone of Colombia, a case study in the La Mesa región

Improving the organization of fruit and vegetable production assembly systems in the coffee zone of Colombia, a case study in the La Mesa región

25 Urban Food Demand The disproportionate growth of the urban centers has brought about a sharp increase in the urban demand for food which exerts great pressure on the existing marketin[r]

323 Lee mas

The translation of humor in dubbing: the case of Woody Allen

The translation of humor in dubbing: the case of Woody Allen

When they ask her, in the original version Jasmine answers that her mother has a date, however in the dubbed version she says “ha quedado con alguien”. From my point of view the literal translation “tiene una cita” would also be perfectly understood. But the most important aspect about the translation of this dialogue is the irony that Jasmine uses to answer the children: “I don’t think she’s in Chuck E. Cheese”. This sentence does not represent any understanding problems by the source culture, since that is the name of a very popular American chain of family entertainment centers (chuckecheese). The irony lies on the fact that she has a date with his lover, and obviously Ginger will not go with him to a place specially designed for parents and their children, also because she always takes care of her own, and at that moment she does not have to be worried about them. Chuck E. Cheese is an unknown brand here in Spain, so translators decided to change it. Since it is a cultural reference, I think the translator decision to omit the source referent and replace it by other easier to be understood by the target culture/audience is quite correct, since in Spain there are no famous chains specialized exclusively in family entertainment. There are brands like Mc. Donalds or thematic parks, but adults can also go on their own. It is probably for this reason that they decided to use the word “mini-golf”, which is also a family place. If we pay attention to this dubbed version, we could understand the sentence in a different way, since adults can also go on their own to a mini-golf, so humorously, we can understand that Jasmine suggests her sister is flirting with a man and does not waste any time, which is also what the Spanish audience gets.
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