Los relatos acerca del cíborg tejidos en la literatura, el cine y los videojuegos de ciencia ficción de estas décadas ofrecen sin embargo una visión parcial que no hace justicia a la complejidad de esta figura. Y es que, al mismo tiempo que adquiere notoriedad en la industria cultural, el cíborg gana prestigio en los debates intelectuales del momento en torno a la condición humana, abriéndose paso particularmente tras el imprescindible Manifiesto Cyborg de Donna Haraway (1985), quien lo define como “una especie de yo personal, postmoderno y colectivo, desmontado y vuelto a montar” 20 . Haraway pondrá en circulación una versión de este ser híbrido que poco tiene que ver con los temibles experimentos militares del cine de acción. La imagen del cíborg como una combinación sugerente entre máquina y organismo vivo servía en su modelo a un doble propósito: por un lado, superar dualismos que permanecían enquistados en el pensamiento occidental; por otro, articular una propuesta emancipatoria para las sociedades de las nuevas tecnologías. Todo ello quedaba del género de acción con temas y pasajes filosóficos que invitan a suprimir las distinciones entre alta y baja cultura. Para Molinuevo, una película como Ghost in the Shell “acaba captando un público amplio y variado, ya que tiene otro ingrediente que parece reñido con el aburrimiento de, o bien sólo la filosofía, o sólo la excesiva retórica barroca de las imágenes”. Molinuevo, J. L., La vida en tiempo
In the 21st century, With the rapid development of science and technology, the entire society has grown fast, and the pace of human life has gradually accelerated, which results in the increasingly fierce competition among people. This also poses a huge threat to human mental health. It not only affects the individual's own survival and development, but also the development and competitiveness ofthe nation and the country on how human beings respond to the challenges of mental health.
perceive and evaluate things, and pursues and continuously develops onthe specific unity of reason and sensibility, subjectivity and objectivity (Markussen, 2013). Intuition, emotion and pleasure are the three main characteristics ofaesthetics. The essence of aesthetic evaluation is the comprehensive evaluation ofbasedonthe comprehensive assessment of various factors such as the external characteristics ofthe stimulus, the social experience ofthe subjects, religious beliefs and moral constraints. Combined with the theory of brain neuroscience, two models of aesthetic cognition have been established: Chatterjee and Jacobsen. The influencing factors oftheaestheticsof people include symmetry, balance, order and complexity. The aesthetic process is a kind of high-level consciousness activity, which involves the perception, memory, emotion and evaluation ofan individual. It has been found that the blood flow ofthe spindle region and the frontal region of human brains increases when performing the aesthetic activity.
The relationship between aesthetic cognition and emotions has long been a research hotspot in aesthetic psychology of poems. Drawing on theories of aesthetic psychology and the psychology of poetry, this paper aims to explore the relationship between rhyming rules, cognitive fluency and theaestheticsof classical Tang poems. First, several fully rhymed classical Tang poems were selected, and some words were replaced to disrupt the rhyming. Both the original and modified poems were inputted into a program on E-prime 2.0 to test 50 college students, who were selected through a questionnaire survey onthe interests in ancient poetry. The test results were analyzed to evaluate the influence of rhyming onthe recognition of and response to classical Chinese Tang poems. The results show that rhyming enhances the aesthetic cognitive fluency ofthe subjects who show better cognitive fluency towards rhymed poems, reducing the mean response time and improving the aesthetic preference evaluation. The research results shed new light onthe teaching and appreciation of ancient Chinese poems.
The landscape environment should provide necessary survival, development, protection and participation opportunities and conditions for children. Faced with children’s psychological and physical problems, the landscape environment should not only have basic aesthetic and ecological functions, but also possess the function of psychological cure and physical rehabilitation. In this paper, the need for the construction of kid- friendly landscape environment is comprehended through bibliographic retrieval. Besides, under the construction orientation of psychological cure and physical rehabilitation, a discussion is made from the perspectives of landscape policy, landscape planning, landscape design, and landscape technology and facilities. Besides, key indexes under each perspective are analyzed.
The subjective psychological process of folk- art appreciation can be roughly divided into the preparatory stage, the prosperous stage and the continuous stage (Long, Gren, Mihalopoulos et al., 2013). The preparatory stage can be summarized as two mental activities: subjective attention and expectation for art works appreciation, and the former is the beginning ofthe psychological process of painting appreciation, which is related to the psychological state ofthe appreciator itself on one hand, and affected by the style and colour etc. ofthe painting onthe other hand. The prosperous stage of painting aesthetics is the most active and important stage ofthe appreciator's psychological activities, in which the emotion ofthe appreciator is the main driving force to stimulate the subject's motivational imagination and strengthen the perception, so as to sublimate the psychological activities. At the continuous stage, the appreciation subjects relive, reflect and precipitate the psychological changes and feelings in the appreciation process ofthe paintings, thus deepening the cognition and understanding ofthe art works appreciation (Lengen, 2015).
Visual system is an important way for people to obtain information of natural and social resources. Scientific research shows that more than 80% of knowledge cognition and storage in human brain are obtained through this kind of channel. Eye-tracking technology is an important research direction in the field of psychology, especially in the fields of applied psychology, social psychology, experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience (Apolinar & Rodríguez, 2017). It applies advanced eye scanning equipment to get the changes ofthe focal point of eyeballs, and carries out statistics and analysison eye movement parameters according to the record system at scanning device terminal, and accordingly conduct quantitative calculation and qualitative judgment for people's psychological changes. Therefore, this advanced eye-tracking method can accurately judge and analyze the
This research promotes the application of cognitive psychology in the appreciation of folk-art works. The brain neuroscience has been increasingly integrated to various disciplines to solve practical problems. In this paper, the brain neuroscience is introduced to theaesthetics for an in-depth analysisonthe aesthetic mechanism of graphic composition. First, the concept of neuro-aesthetics was described in the context of arts, aesthetics and the brain. Basedonthe theories of brain neuroscience, the author set up an aesthetic cognitive model and an aesthetic processing model for theaestheticsof graphic compositions. Next, the Art Nouveau decorative paintings were selected for graphic composition experiments on interest points and balance. Theaestheticsof space composition were measured by event related potential (ERP) testing. The results show that the mechanism of inwards preference exists in graphic composition; there is a significant left-to-right brain difference in the graphic aesthetics; the brain’s neural activities related to theaestheticsof space composition can be improved through professional training. The research provides a new angle to the study ofaestheticsof graphic composition.
Perceptual behavior control is divided into two types of variables including self-efficacy and locus of control. Of which, self-efficacy refers to individual’s anticipation of one’s ability after finishing an activity. And locus of control refers to individual’s control ability to finish an activity. Zhao, Luan, Li, et al. (2013) pointed out that only when scientific and technological personnel think that they can better control the process and results of a certain technological innovation activity will they stimulate the willingness to innovate in science and technology and increase the realization possibility of technological innovation activities. Guo & Su, (2017) proposed that when individuals have more abundant resource conditions and good opportunities, they are more willing to implement a specific behavior. Li, Xu, & Su, (2014) believed that perceptual behavior control mainly includes internal and external factors. When employees feel that they have creative ability to express, coordinate and transmit information, they will enhance their willingness to cooperate and innovate. At the same time, cooperative innovation will occur only if employees believe that they can control external resources and the adjustment of partnerships. So this paper puts forward the following hypothesis.
It is well known that due to both complicated chemical and physical processes at the moment of manufacturing a circuit in today’s microelectronic devices, differences between the designed circuit and the manufactured product are present . Among these differences in manufacturing one can find variations in critical dimensions and inter-level dielectric thicknesses which lead us to mismatch. Variations have a significant impact in analog circuits since these become more and more sensitive to process variations given the number of matching requirements between transistors. Manufacturing variations, as mismatch, are random in nature, and an increasing effort is aimed in order to minimize these effects. Nevertheless, fluctuations at the moment of manufacturing cannot be eliminated and have been continuously increasing in relative magnitude as integrated circuit (IC) technology continues to scale to 45nm and below, owing to the increasing
In addition, analysis showed that under different experimental conditions, the amplitudes of P3 and P4 loci were significantly different, the main effects ofthe picture type and the left- right brain were significant, and the amplitude of P4 locus was larger than that of P3 locus. Moreover, in terms of response speed, all the main effects did not reach a significant level. Variance analysisofthe C3 and C4 amplitudes showed that the main effect ofthe picture type reached critical. The main effect of left-right brain was obvious, the C4 amplitude was larger than C3, and the amplitudes ofthe right brain monitoring loci were significantly larger than those ofthe left brain. Therefore, the P300 characteristic wave had obvious differences between the left and the right brain.
The Leping Ancient Stage strives to improve the sound and lighting effects ofthe stage itself. The most impressive thing is the use of caisson ceiling at the front stage. The caisson ceiling is commonly known as the "chicken cage". It originally refers to a sudden rise in the centre ofthe ceiling, usually used in ceiling above the majesty ofthe imperial throne in the palace, altar temple, and temple buildings or above the statue of Buddha in a sacred Buddha hall. It is a special decoration in the ceiling with its shape like an umbrella or a cover, adding a sense of solemn to the stage. Being used in the drama stage, its most important role lies in the sound effect. It is actually a kind of sound adjustment device. Its function is to make the language, music and other good environmental elements to be projected to the audience. It is roughly equivalent to the reflector in a modern concert hall. In order to overcome the acoustic defects such as echo, long delay reflection, etc., the concave surface ofthe caisson ceiling must have a soft curvature, and the surface should not be too smooth, and some protruding patterns must be arranged in an orderly manner. So there was a wide variety of caisson ceilings, some of which were so beautiful that they are considered good works of art.
control power granted to the directors at the higher level by the informal hierarchy will complete change decision-making in a relatively short time and improve the decision-making quality, so as to improve corporate governance efficiency. In the case of imperfect and differentiated capital market, an interaction- based board informal hierarchy has a significant alternative to a formal hierarchy (Xie, Zhang, Zhang et al., 2015). According to Belliveau, when directors discuss decision-making opinions, differences in the degree of respect and acceptance of each person can affect the process and outcome of decision-making. All the above researches prove that the informal hierarchy produces a certain coordination mechanism which influences the interaction among the members ofthe board and guides the decision- making process ofthe board. (Wu, Xue, & Wang, 2018) This guidance is mostly positive, namely, improving corporate governance efficiency. Basedonthe above, we make the following hypothesis:
Our results allow us to define characteristics influencing e-commerce. In general, the results show that tourist users of online shopping meet the following requirements. Younger people are more likely to buy via internet, tourists who come to Spain looking to relax or for beach and sun (leisure tourists) prefer to purchase the tourist product online, tourists without package holidays and who travel by low cost companies have more probability of buying online than tourists planning the travel with package holidays or travel by air, in a full service airline, or by road. Furthermore, geographical characteristics show that tourist coming from United Kingdom and going to the beach in Community of Valencia have the greatest probability of using Internet for looking up information and also of buying online.
With respect to detection performance of our architecture, we considered two scenarios. In the first one, we implemented true worm attacks within an academic LAN that varied in their propagation rates as well as in their scanning techniques. In the second one, the scenario consisted in studying the performance detection by using the MIT-DARPA traces that were organized in two main groups, the Denial of Service (DoS) attacks such as PoD, neptune, back and smurf; and the Probes with attacks such as satan, portsweep and ipsweep. Our architecture detected all of them except the satan attack. This approach used by considering the MIT-DARPA traces allows us to set up a performance study under extremely valuable intrusion detection public domain datasets, which provide a performance benchmark for detection and prevention systems as mentioned in . 2. Network-based Intrusion Detection Systems
In general, entrepreneurship education can be defined as the process of supplying idea and technical ability for people to recognize opportunities that others have ignored and to have the insight and overconfident to act where others have hesitated (Kuratko, 2005).However, there are different kinds of entrepreneurship education objective on developing particular stages (Gorman, Hanlon, & King, 1997). For different audiences, scholars always have different kinds of entrepreneurship education. For example, education for awareness is for students who had no experience to do a business. The objective ofthe entrepreneurial awareness education is to help students learning entrepreneurial skills, and to help them in choosing a proper career. Many university-level programs are devoted to increase entrepreneurial awareness and to focus on preparing aspiring entrepreneurs (O’Cinneide & Garavan, 1994). As our discussion, entrepreneurship education can be defined as arousing greater awareness for students who had not make the decision on pursuing employment versus entrepreneurship or who had not experienced beginning their own businesses prior to enrolling in entrepreneurship courses.
their cognitive process of psychological causative verbs, they have similar cognitive process and their classification of psychological causative verbs mainly includes: comparison- type, evaluation-type, inference-type, knowing- type, and memory-type; while the information processing dimension, the determinacy dimension, and the semantic relatedness dimension are the necessary dimensions for the semantic organization of psychological causative verbs. In cognitive thinking expansion, learners of different English levels have different cognition focuses, high-school students focus on knowledge understanding, undergraduates focus onanalysis and application, and postgraduates focus on synthesis and evaluation. In responds to the Bloom’s cognitive domain model (Figure 1), with the improvement of English levels, the cognitive thinking of psychological causative verbs also presents a trend of developing from a lower stage to a higher stage.
Mexico stands out with Brazil for having quickly increased the number of university patents as compared to the rest ofthe countries in the region. Whereas for the period 1995-1999 only seven Mexican universities had applied for at least one patent, in a more recent period, 2005-2009, this number increased to 15 (WIPO, 2015). 95% ofthe university patents in Mexico come from public universities, for example, the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), which is the largest public higher education university in the country and concentrates a large part ofthe patent generation (Calderón-Martínez & García-Quevedo, 2013). In the research by Calderón-Martínez and García-Quevedo (2013), the cases of collaboration between universities and other institutions for the application of patents are still relatively infrequent. Ofthe 534 academic patents studied during the period 1995-2009, 54 patents were jointly applied for with a university or other organization. Of these 54, 24%, were with a foreign research center, 22% with a Mexican research center, 17% with a foreign company, 20% with a Mexican company, 15% in collaboration with a foreign university and 2% with a Mexican university. According to Pedraza Amador and Velázquez Castro (2013), basedon data from the general directorate ofthe Institutional Evaluation ofthe UNAM in 2012, covering the period 1991 to 2009, a total of 748 patents were granted to institutions of higher education, with the main ones being the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), where a large part ofthe research capacity is centralized, distributed onthe Mexican network of public higher education institutions. The UNAM has a well-established technology transfer office that proposes an open innovation model for the promotion of its research results. The Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana and the Instituto Politécnico Nacional also stand out.