PDF superior NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS National Reports to be submitted to the 13

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS National Reports to be submitted to the 13

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS National Reports to be submitted to the 13

Current business community, manufacturing industry and development sectors are not adequately committed to sustainability and environmental excellence for which their production activities are reported to be destructive, polluting & hazardous to biodiversity and wetlands. The main casual factors contributing to the existence of current production pattern across all production sectors are attributed to the destructive methods applied in materials consumption & production; excessive disposal of wastes, effluents and pollutants into the wetlands and coastal areas , inappropriate practices, excessive use of none green or antiquated technologies, overconsumption of raw materials as production inputs, inadequate application of recycled and recyclable products and extensive use fossil fuel with high carbon contents. To reduce adverse impacts of current production patterns on ecosystems, the NBSAP2 calls for implementation of sustainable development strategies and promotion of green technology into development sectors, mainly into mining; oil and gas; manufacturing industry; infrastructure & road; energy production; urban planning; and tourism sectors. The enforcement of green tech will be met through the introduction of incentive scheme advocating sustainable production and consumption and adhering to environmental excellence. This scheme will be supported by the introduction of incentives and tax exemption for the lower use of raw materials; lower carbon content in energy and lower waste disposal in waste treatment facilities; the diffusion of green technologies, and use of renewable, recycled and recyclable products; EIA enforcement; prevention of pollution and efficient use of energy, among others. The enactment of incentives and tax exemption schemes will be realized through designating an entity along with establishing certification scheme by which environmental excellence as regard to energy-efficiency, materials use -efficiency, and water-efficiency will be verified, registered and certified .
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS National Reports to be submitted to the 13 th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2018

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS National Reports to be submitted to the 13 th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2018

Target 10. The traditional knowledge innovations and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities relevant for the wise use of wetlands and their customary use of wetland resources, are documented, respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with a full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities at all relevant levels. Contributes to Aichi Target 18.
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS National Reports to be submitted to the 13 th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2018

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS National Reports to be submitted to the 13 th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2018

7. Note that, for the purposes of this national reporting to the Ramsar Convention, the scope of the term “wetland” is that of the Convention text, i.e. all inland wetlands (including lakes and rivers), all nearshore coastal wetlands (including tidal marshes, mangroves and coral reefs) and human-made wetlands (e.g. rice paddy and reservoirs), even if a national definition of “wetland” may differ from that adopted by the Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention.
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

8. For a ‘free-text’ field, you can type in whatever information you wish. Note that there is only limited facility within the Microsoft ‘form’ format to make editorial changes in the ‘free-text’ box once text has been entered. Therefore, if you wish to amend any of the text you have put in a green or yellow ‘free-text’ box, you should cut and paste the existing text into a separate document, make all the amendments, and then cut and paste the revised text back into the box.

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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

The National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) was established by t he US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to conduct a nationwide inventory of U.S. wetlands th provide biologists and others with information on the distribution and type of wetlands to aid in conservation efforts. To do this, the NWI developed a wetland classification system (Cowardin et al. 1979) that is now the official FWS wetland classification system and the Federal standard for wetland classification (adopted by the Federal Geographic Data Committee on July 29, 1996: 61 Federal Register 39465). The NWI has led the development of techniques for mapping and recording the inventory findings. The NWI relies on trained image analysts to identify and classify wetlands and deepwater habitats from aerial imagery. NWI started mapping wetlands at a small scale (1:250,000 map which covers an area the size of 128-1:24,000 USGS topographic maps or approximately 7,400 square miles). Eventually, large-scale (1:24K scale) maps became the standard product delivered by NWI. As computerized mapping and geospatial technology evolved, NWI discontinued production of paper maps in favor of distributing data via online "mapping tools" where information can be viewed and downloaded. Today, FWS serves its data via an on-line data discovery "Wetlands Mapper". GIS users can access wetlands data through an online wetland mapping service or download data for various applications (maps, data analyses, and reports). The techniques used by NWI have recently been adopted by the Federal Geographic Data Committee as the federal wetland mapping standard (FGDC Wetlands Subcommittee 2009). This standard applies to all federal grants involving wetland mapping to insure the data can be added to the Wetlands Layer of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure. NWI also produces national wetlands status and trends reports required by Congress [See http://www.fws.gov/wetlands/]
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

a) and b): Situation of wetland bird species has deteriorated somewhat based on the findings of the 2010 Red List of Finnish species and reporting for the European Union Birds Directive in 2013. Rehabilitation and restoration efforts have been made in wetlands areas that are the most important for birds; these areas with active management actions have faired better than areas where no active management has been conducted. All Ramsar sites in Finland are also in the Natura 2000 network of protected areas. In mire areas, no new drainage ditches are constructed which has improved ecological state of the certain sites. The ecological assessment of the status of Finnish waters was updated in 2013 and it shows that there are areas in which water quality in relation to chemical, physical and biological factors have improved but also areas where there is deterioration of the quality.
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27 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

Under LIFE project Long-term conservation of Corncrake in Slovenia, DOPPS prepared an agri-environmental measure VRT focused on the farming measures to benefit the bird and other species of wet meadows. The measure included late mowing and special mowing technique which enables animals to escape from the mowed area. Unfortunately the measure was not adequately financed by the national program and therefore used less as would be necessary to assure the wise use of wet meadows.

38 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

registration of vessels (expressly limiting their number) and of fishermen and for licensing of their activities. Catch limits are to be set by the MoEW. There are provisions to regulate the minimum animal sizes caught, introduce closed seasons, and restrict fishing activity in certain areas. Fishing methods are also considered, with bans on the use of certain equipment or particular methods – for example, nylon nets, drift nets, bottom-trawling and the use of narcotics and explosives. The construction of artificial reefs requires Ministry approval as well as that of the Competent Authority in the specific Emirate Fish farms also require permission to operate.
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29 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

The New National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan,which is being updated will include the outcomes of RIO +20, and also the new Sustainable Development Goals. A framework of green economy strategy was prepared and sent to the minister of planning for consideration where it is expected that policy intervention will be made to poverty alleviation. The new government is taking new measures to provide assistance to poor communities where new incentives have been approved. Our NCS vision is to preserve the natural character of the Egyptian environment for future generations while using it innovatively to enhance sustainable local productivity and alleviate poverty. Thus, while we are protecting our natural resources, we allow wise use of these resources for the benefit of local communities and the national economy. We have encouraged
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

8. For a ‘free-text’ field, you can type in whatever information you wish. Note that there is only limited facility within the Microsoft ‘form’ format to make editorial changes in the ‘free-text’ box once text has been entered. Therefore, if you wish to amend any of the text you have put in a green or yellow ‘free-text’ box, you should cut and paste the existing text into a separate document, make all the amendments, and then cut and paste the revised text back into the box.

26 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

8. For a ‘free-text’ field, you can type in whatever information you wish. Note that there is only limited facility within the Microsoft ‘form’ format to make editorial changes in the ‘free-text’ box once text has been entered. Therefore, if you wish to amend any of the text you have put in a green or yellow ‘free-text’ box, you should cut and paste the existing text into a separate document, make all the amendments, and then cut and paste the revised text back into the box.

23 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

Reduction Project: Increasing Resilience of Coastal Ecosystems, which was implemented by the National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA) work was conducted within wetland protected areas island-wide. This included the ecological restoration of 6.7 ha of mangrove forests in the Portland Cottage and Hellshire areas within the Portland Bight Protected Area (PBPA) which includes the Portland Bight Wetlands and Cays Ramsar Site (PBW&C-RS). Activities such as the preparation of the sites to restore and improve the hydrology to facilitate tidal flushing and natural regeneration overtime; planting of approximately 6,500 nursery grown red and black mangrove seedlings and planting 1,500 wild stock propagules. The project installed artificial reefs (150 wave attenuation devices and 19 modular turbulence generators) in PBPA and Negril Marine Park (NMP) on the west coast of the island. Data loggers to monitor sea temperatures were also installed in five marine protected areas across the country (this included the PBPA, Palisadoes-Port Royal Protected Area and Ramsar Sites [PPRPA&RS]). An additional activity undertaken by this project was the planting of 1,500sq.m. of sea grass in the NPA.
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

4) The county government of Nyandarua held its debut Lake Ol Bollosat 21 kilometre marathon which attracted more than 500 athletes from various counties across the country. The theme of the race was “Discover Lake Ol bollosat”. The marathon race was to create awareness of the lake through massive tree planting and enhancing tourism. 5) Kenya Wetlands Atlas was compiled and launched July 2013. The Atlas was produced with funding from the Government of Kenya and the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and technical support from the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

STRATEGY 1.4: Cross-sectoral recognition of wetland services. Increase recognition of and attention in decision-mak ing to the significance of wetlands for reasons of biodiversity conservation, water supply, coastal protection, integrated coastal zone management, flood defence, climate change mitigation and/or adaptation, food security, poverty eradication, tourism, cultural heritage, and scientific research, by developing and disseminating methodologies to achieve wise use of wetlands.

27 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

On the other hands, recovery of some devastated tidal flats to the former shape, increase of benthic organisms and emergence of new seedlings in eelgrass beds flowed out once by Tsunami are observed by the monitoring conducted since 2012 on wild fauna and flora of wetlands such as tidal flats, eelgrass beds and seaweed beds in the disaster area. In addition, endangered species are also observed in som e wetlands which were emerged newly by Tsunami and/or land subsidence.

33 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

STRATEGY 1.4: Cross-sectoral recognition of wetland services. Increase recognition of and attention in decision-mak ing to the significance of wetlands for reasons of biodiversity conservation, water supply, coastal protection, integrated coastal zone management, flood defence, climate change mitigation and/or adaptation, food security, poverty eradication, tourism, cultural heritage, and scientific research, by developing and disseminating methodologies to achieve wise use of wetlands.

29 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

4. Fields with a pale green background are free-text fields in which to provide additional information, if the Contracting Party so wishes. Although providing information in these fields is optional, Contracting Parties are encouraged to provide such additional information wherever possible and relevant, as it helps us understand Parties’ progress and activity more fully, to prepare the best possible global and regional implementation reports to COP.

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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

3) By the end of 2014 a report identifying important biodiversity areas in Greenland will be published. The Ramsar criterias are, together with other internationally adopted criterias - including the CBD EBSA criterias, used to identify these areas. The report is thought to be a new platform for a more strategic effort to Protected Areas in Greenland, and will ammong others be used to continue the follow up on the recommendations in the Ramsar Advisory Mission Report No. 61. The report will be followed with a strategy for protected areas. Included in the strategy is a framework for management planning and monitoring plans for protected areas, including Ramsar sites. The strategy will be developed in 2015 and will be implemented thereafter.
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NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

Additionally, in accordance with the Action Plan on the implementation of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat it is planned to develop methodology on nature potential assessment (ecosystem services) of wetlands. The project ‘Restoring peatlands and applying concepts for sustainable management in Belarus - climate change mitigation with economic and biodiversity benefits‘ financed by the Federal Republic of Germany through KfW Entwicklungsbank in the framework of the International Climate Initiative of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) was conducted between 2008 and 2011. It is coordinated by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, UK, in collaboration with APB- BirdLife Belarus and the Michael Succow Foundation, Germany. It is carried out with support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Belarus and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. UNDP/GEF 'Landscape approach to management of peatlands aiming at multiple ecological benefits' project launched activities to convert degraded peatlands, formerly managed for intensive agriculture, to meadows that will be further used for mowing and pasture in the Brest Region.
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32 Lee mas

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

NATIONAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS

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