PDF superior The need for an opening in the Historiography of the University of Alcalá

The need for an opening in the Historiography of the University of Alcalá

The need for an opening in the Historiography of the University of Alcalá

Especialmente interesante es la investigación y comprensión de los mecanismos informales de poder. La existencia del visitador, que hemos indicado antes, podía entrar, como de hecho entró, en conflicto con el rector. Ambos cargos eran anuales, pero el visitador tenía reserva- das las funciones de expulsión de colegiales, castigos, penas, multas. El visitador, por tanto, podría estar sometido a presiones y tensiones para expulsar a elementos discordantes de San Ildefonso, ya que entre los colegiales del Mayor se elegía al rector. A su vez, además del rector y del visitador, hubo un tercer cargo que se presentaba en una cima de poder del trinomio, el de Abad-Canciller de la Colegiata, el único con facultad para conferir grados superiores y, por supuesto, acceder con potestad al coro de San Justo para que se eligiera a uno u otro visitador ordinario. Entre ellos hubo tensiones e influencias claro está, para lograr el poder en Alcalá. Se dio el caso de intervenir el arzobispo Fonseca en los intereses del abad y, así, elegir un visitador que fuera favorable a ambos 64 . El estudio de las tensiones en las oposiciones a
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Elaboration of a teaching program in development cooperation in the University of Alcalá

Elaboration of a teaching program in development cooperation in the University of Alcalá

Therefore to undertake this issue, the research group COOPUAH applied for a Project on Teaching innovation which had three objectives: (a) identify and catalog the academic offer related to Cooperation in the University of Alcalá, an offer dispersed among different departments (there is not an specific instrument to assist in its location); (b) develop a Guideline Document which included the academic offering in Development Cooperation (including both undergraduate and graduate courses and complementary activities) so that students could evaluate it and improve it; and (c) propose to academic authorities the best way to coordinate the academic offering with the purpose of creating a multidisciplinary, accredited program in Development Cooperation and/or Reduction of Poverty and Inequality.
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The meanings of university social commitment  An approach towards constructing the state of the art

The meanings of university social commitment An approach towards constructing the state of the art

The International Conference of Latin American and Caribbean University Rectors also included the presentation of Roberto Tejada Reyna, Rector of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. In his exposition, entitled “Pro- posals for an Agenda on the Social Commitment of University”, Tejada Reyna (2007) stated that the mission and philosophy typical of University place it as an institution with SC. Regarding the agenda, the following issues were highlighted: the need to build it in accordance with the social agenda, since this will provide meaning and pertinence to university actions; the commitment to shape empathetic and value oriented professionals; the development of university curricula invested in improving people’s quality of life; active partici- pation in the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals established by UNESCO, especially when it pertains to the promotion of an equitable distribution of wealth and the eradication of extreme poverty, hunger, illiteracy and child mortality, among others.
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Implementation of an innovation in education project in the degree of English Studies at the University of Valencia

Implementation of an innovation in education project in the degree of English Studies at the University of Valencia

One final important aspect to be taken into account is the fact that our students must be treated as adults and therefore we have to make them aware that they are responsible for their own learning process. As the teaching directed to children and adolescents has its own characteristics, so does teaching adults. Knowles’ (1975) Andragogy Theory tries to develop a context which is specifically aimed at adult learning. This author highlights that adults are self-directed and are expected to take responsibility for the decisions they make. Therefore, we must consider those aspects when planning our methodology. We must consider that adults need to know why they need to learn something, that they need to learn experientially, that they approach learning as problem-solving and that they learn best when topics are of immediate value. This implies that instruction for adults needs to focus less on the content being taught and more on the process. Activities centred on case studies, role-playing, simulations, and self- evaluation are probably then the most useful (Morland & Bivens, 2004). In activities of this type, according to a constructivist conception of education, the instructor adopts the role of facilitator rather than lecturer or grader, the learner becomes a constructor of meaning and technology has an influence on both roles (Sánchez Sola, 2006). The use of this kind of activities supports the problem-centred orientation required for successful adult learning and promotes task-oriented and self-directed type of strategies, which imply the application of the principles of Andragogy (Morland & Bivens, 2004).
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The curriculum as an articulator of the university´s social commitment

The curriculum as an articulator of the university´s social commitment

It is a question, then, of rethinking the curriculum to enable an opening towards knowledge, skills and competencies built and developed in other discipline areas, but that approach aspects or perspectives that enrich the point of view of the career of origin. There are no possibilities of attending each and every one of the current problematic areas and fields, much less the future ones without imagining new ways of knowledge management. The intertextuality, the multiplicity of views, the audacity of the questioning and the significant reconstruction of knowledge open up new opportunities if organizational forms-with there corresponding regulations-are deployed, which make it possible to weave a more complex plot. How can undergraduate courses be open to interdisciplinarity? How can be the new fields of knowledge open so that when they return to the careers hard core they could create new questions and activate the crystallized structures of the academy? As pointed out by Díaz Villa (3) Thinking about flexibility with regard to students, for example, it allows to encourage and define the possibility that they have to decide on their different aspects, own or articulated, of their training process. This implies that the institutions of higher education must expand, in the degrees in which they consider right, the options choice offered to students in regard to training programs, courses, academic activities, learning strategies and educational technology , conferences, training courses, etc., and make the flexibility in curriculum and pedagogic the basic regulatory principle for the achievement of the essential professional training.
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Prolongations of the adolescence: the presentation of the symptom in university young persons

Prolongations of the adolescence: the presentation of the symptom in university young persons

The present article proposes to present an investigation in process, whose principal aim consists of analyzing the presentation the symp- tom, the origin of the demand and conditions of his production in uni- versity young persons who consult the service of psychology dependent on the university. The project proposes as an exploratory study in the frame of an investigation of theoretical - clinical cut in psychoanalysis. Our point of item is the recognition of new psychopathologycal manifes- tations in the young persons, considering the changes produced in the sociocultural context of fundamental importance in the conditioning of such manifestations.
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Educational Multimedia for the learning of local archeology in the career degree in History at the University of Holguin

Educational Multimedia for the learning of local archeology in the career degree in History at the University of Holguin

Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers JETT, Vol. 10 (1); ISSN: 1989-9572 181 vio fortalecida con la inclusión de investigadores foráneos y el surgimiento de una fuerte corriente de estudiosos cubanos. Por esta época, acciones como la institución de la Comisión Nacional de Arqueología y creación de los grupos científicos Guamá y Humboldt, dan muestra del avance significativo acaecido. Sin embargo, la cumbre en la institucionalización y profesionalización de esta disciplina como ciencia social se materializó con el triunfo de la Revolución cubana en 1959, llevándose a cabo transformaciones y acciones como la creación de la Academia de Ciencias de Cuba (ACC), museos especializados y departamentos de investigación científica que contribuyeron a la formación de una cultura de estudio, rescate y conservación patrimonial.
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An Architecture for the Integration of Robots and Sensors for the Care of the Elderly in an Ambient Assisted Living Environment

An Architecture for the Integration of Robots and Sensors for the Care of the Elderly in an Ambient Assisted Living Environment

Social participation is also a key element. There are two main branches of the technologies oriented to this participation: the robots dedicated to taking care and the robots that facilitate interaction (such as telepresence robots). An example of the first is PARO ([12]), a baby seal robot with different sensors (touch, light, audio, temperature, and position which uses to feel its location and perceive where users speak) that allow it to interact with the environment and people. As for the robots that facilitate social interaction, we can mention the Giraffe [13] robot, which incorporates an interface for communication with family members or doctors, and also provides a system that allows monitoring the patient’s activities.
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The scientific dissemination in university stations. The case of the library of the Seeds of Science project

The scientific dissemination in university stations. The case of the library of the Seeds of Science project

posibilidades que brinda la elaboración de este tipo de espacios de carácter colaborativo, el proyecto Semillas de Ciencia y la acción de elaboración de una fonoteca de la[r]

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Poverty impacts of agricultural policy adjustments in an opening economy: the case of Colombia

Poverty impacts of agricultural policy adjustments in an opening economy: the case of Colombia

Government expenses are used to endogenously calculate rates of subsidization for each agricultural activity and these rates affect activities in the way previously described (sub- section 4.17). The calculated rates of subsidization, with respect to the whole of each agricultural activity are presented in Table 9. As shown, most subsidization rates on working capital and storage and marketing, are small and only in the case of the subsidy on working capital for the cocoa sector is higher than one percent. Although in the case of subsidies on productive capital rates tend also to be low, there are a few cases in which they are relatively sizeable: corn and cocoa. In the case of land improvements we have to sources of shocks. One refers to the implicit subsidy on land rents, accruing from the irrigation subsidy program and the other refers to the increase in land productivity due to irrigation. The first entails percentage subsidy rates in general higher than in the other schemes, with an average rate of almost 5.5%. However, as follows from the figures, there is considerable heterogeneity across sectors, with cocoa, oil palm, and vegetables showing high subsidy rates and plantain, oil seeds, sugar cane, and cereals showing quite low rates. As there is a correlation between this subsidy and expected productivity improvements, the activities that get the highest land rent subsidies show the highest productivity gains. As an average, productivity gains are around 9% in yields, while the highest are in the order of 22% and the lowest in the order of 0.4%.
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Does the actual transportation system covers the need of an integrated transportation system in Bogota

Does the actual transportation system covers the need of an integrated transportation system in Bogota

Bogota doesn’t have a metro or a tramway because of several reasons, some of those are the high prices of the construction. The metro involves an investment of $135Us millions by Km, rather Transmilenio costs $22US millions, other reason are the terrain difficulties caused for been located next to the “cordillera oriental” who involves the constant possibility of an earthquake, and the frequent small temblors. As Ángela Benedetti said, the actual metro protects have more weakness than advantages for the city, until now the failed metro consulting was twenty thousand mil lions Colombian pesos(7.037.018,40270€), and a publicity inversion of 500 millions Colombian pesos(175.925,46007€), those numbers were out of the
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The Struggle for Territorial Control in Colombia:  An Analysis of the Dynamics of the Armed Conflict

The Struggle for Territorial Control in Colombia: An Analysis of the Dynamics of the Armed Conflict

Este periodo tiene comportamientos más debatibles y poco continuos en el conflicto, pero se puede decir que los grupos insurgentes presentaron aumento de sus acciones armadas. En esta etapa del conflicto las estrategias de los dos actores es atacar, explicada tanto por una reducción en F I como de F E , pero manteniéndose constante la ventaja militar del Estado, explicada en el caso de la insurgencia por la táctica de guerra de guerrillas y donde aplican el concepto de economía de la guerra visto con an- terioridad, con la que se buscaba atacar reduciendo al máximo el costo de operación medida por bajas guerrilleras. Sumado a esto, un ataque guerrillero generaría un efecto negativo acerca de la efectividad de la política de SD, permitiéndoles continuar en el conflicto e incrementar nuevamente sus acciones contra la Fuerza Pública. En este mismo sentido, Fergusson et al. (2012) encuentran que el Estado también disminuye su actividad militar, lo cual el modelo lo representa con una caída en FE, ya que la eliminación de la insurgencia podría acabar con la ventaja electoral que representaba la existencia de la insurgencia para el presidente Uribe. Estos autores identifican tres eventos del conflicto colombiano que podrían corresponder a una alta probabilidad para derrotar la guerrilla y muestran cómo después de estas acciones el Estado disminuye sus ataques. Sin embargo, continúa la posición favorable a una victoria militar por parte del Estado (P E > P I ).
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Higher Ed, Inc. The Rise of the For-Profit University

Higher Ed, Inc. The Rise of the For-Profit University

Las fronteras entre educación privada y pública son cada vez más borrosas. Desde el punto de vista de la población, no queda claro si algunas universidades concretas son privadas o públi- cas. Por ejemplo, muchas personas se equivo- carían con University of California Berkeley (en Estados Unidos), McGill University (en Cana- dá), London School of Economics (en Reino Unido), Sciences Po (en Francia) o Universitat Pompeu Fabra (en España). Un indicador que las distingue es su sistema de financiación. En Estados Unidos las cuatro mil instituciones de educación terciaria son de tres tipos: públicas, privadas sin afán de lucro y privadas con afán de lucro. Las universidades públicas son finan- ciadas en un 51% con recursos estatales y 18% con las matrículas de los/as estudiantes, cuyo coste, a pesar de ser instituciones públi- cas, es bastante alto. El Estado paga 2,8 veces más que las familias. En cambio, en las univer- sidades privadas benéficas (sin ánimo de lu- cro) esta relación es la inversa: 42% del presu- puesto de la universidad proviene del precio de las matrículas y 17% de contribuciones estata- les (es decir, 2,5 veces más las familias). En las universidades privadas con ánimo de lucro el coste se financia en el 95% de su montante con las matrículas de los/as estudiantes.
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View of Dynamics of regional technology transfer in a public university. The case of the University of the Bío Bío
							| Nova Scientia

View of Dynamics of regional technology transfer in a public university. The case of the University of the Bío Bío | Nova Scientia

During the last decades, Chile went through significant economic growth that resulted in social and economic welfare. However, such success is overshadowed by various factors, noticealby its current high income inequality, its excessive institutional centralization and its low innovation capacity. In this regard, technology transfer has followed a similar trend: the country has not reached, in spite of its new wealth, international standards thereby postponing its entrance to the knowledge economy. The present article aims to analyze and explore technology transfer dynamics in a public and regional university in Chile: University of Bio-Bio (UBB). The methodology considers quantitative and qualitative methodological tools, by applying first a logit model and second, case studies upon three Research and Develpoment (R&D) project at UBB. The model to be tested defines the ocurrence of technology transfer as its dependent variable and includes four independent variables: i) R&D Public Funding; ii) R&D Capacity; iii) Intermediate Organization at UBB; and iv) Networks. The results show that technology transfer at UBB depends upon R&D Capacity –particularly upon number of patents per principal investigator and R&D leadership- and Networks –in regards to the social capital of the project team-.
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Design and validation of the scale for the detection of violence in courtship in young people in the Sevilla University (Spain)

Design and validation of the scale for the detection of violence in courtship in young people in the Sevilla University (Spain)

Existen instrumentos que evalúan de forma general la violen- cia de pareja en la población juvenil, entre los que destacan el Cuestionario de Violencia entre Novios (CUVINO), que mide la violen- cia padecida 7 ; el Cuestionario de Violencia Psicológica en el Cortejo (PDVQ), que estudia la violencia psicológica sutil en el cortejo 22 ; y el Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI), que evalúa las conductas de agresión, pero no las de victimización 23 . Otros cuestionarios miden algún elemento específico de la violencia padecida, como el Physical Violence Victimization, que explora la vio- lencia física con acciones como zarandear, dar bofetadas, pu ˜ netazos o patadas 3 ; el Courtship Persistence Inventory, de 41 ítems, que investiga desde los elementos de aproximación y persistencia en el cortejo hasta las agresiones físicas y las autolesiones 24 ; el Mul- tidimensional Measure of Emotional Abuse, de 28 ítems, que evalúa el abuso emocional, las conductas restrictivas y de control, como espiar teléfonos, correos y redes sociales, o vetar las relaciones con amigos y familiares, así como la retirada hostil (negarse a hablar o cambiar de tema a propósito cuando la otra persona intenta con- versar sobre un problema) 25 ; y el Psychological Abuse, de 21 ítems, que mide el abuso psicológico con conductas de denigración, ridi- culización y menosprecio 4 .
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The Libertadora and the process of the desperonización in the National University of La Plata (1955-1958)

The Libertadora and the process of the desperonización in the National University of La Plata (1955-1958)

Argentina, Archivo Histórico de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Secretaría de Asuntos Académicos, Presidencia, UNLP. Fondo Presidencia UNLP[r]

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The role of the library in disseminating the scientific output of Pompeu Fabra University

The role of the library in disseminating the scientific output of Pompeu Fabra University

2. Facilitar la gestión del curriculum vitae en diferentes formatos e idiomas. El investigador tiene dos opciones: in- troducir él mismo sus actividades en el CV con validación posterior por parte de personal bibliotecario, o enviarlo a la biblioteca para que se lo incorpore de forma centralizada personal especializado (estudiantes de documentación su- pervisados por técnicos bibliotecarios).

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The need for reference parameters of cortisol in athletes: A systematic review

The need for reference parameters of cortisol in athletes: A systematic review

ABSTRACT The cortisol levels are an important variable to measure stress. Yet there is still controversy about the- se hormone responses to physical exercise, sports training and competition. The purpose of this sys- tematic review was to analyze the objectives, methodological procedures and main results of studies reporting cortisol hormone as a measurement of stress in athletes. There was a predominance of sali- vary cortisol (54.6%) in a wide variety of sports. Most research was conducted in individual sports (72.8%), male subjects (59%) and high-performance or professional athletes (91%). Several proce- dures and times of collection have been described in the literature. Changes in salivary cortisol level found in this review showed that most sports were considered as a possible source of stress for ath- letes. The highest increase in cortisol levels was found between baseline and post-competitive situa- tion, as well as between samples taken on the competition day and those measured at the same time at rest. As a conclusion, there is the need to standardize the procedures for cortisol assessment in ath- letes, as well as the control of circadian rhythm in order to meet the reference values.
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Vocation in the insertion of the university student and the graduate

Vocation in the insertion of the university student and the graduate

The work plan aims at deepening the analysis of the theoretic assumptions which support the practice in Vocational Guidance: analyzing the incidence of endogenous and exogenous factors both in the election and studying of a particular course of study and in the occupational resolution of the graduate. This analysis enables the revision and the new theoretic conceptualization which is afterwards transferred to the course, and to different groups and provincial institutions where the practice of Vocational Guidance occurs, as well as to other schools in the Northwest provinces of Argentina. Semiotic analysis, statistical elaboration and the research-action approach which, while surveying data renders a service to the milieu, provide the base for the project.
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The game board in the university classroom: perception of the students

The game board in the university classroom: perception of the students

This article presents the most relevant considerations of a study on the perception of students in the implementation of the gamified method in the classroom, using the game board as a training resource. It was applied in the subject of Games, Leisure and Recreation of the Degree of Master in Primary Education within the Mention in Physical Education of the University of Castilla La Mancha, in the Faculty of Education Sciences of Ciudad Real. The purpose was to gather information on the perception of the students in the implementation of the educational method and resource, with the purpose of its improvement and optimization. The intentionality focused on the viability, on the possibilities of contributing to the acquisition of the teaching competences and the results of learning, linked to the subject, necessary for their initial training and professional development. The results show the benefits of this methodology, where the own contents of the subject are learned, besides contributing to the development and improvement of the digital teaching competence, without presenting great inconveniences for the students studied.
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