PDF superior Towards a new paradigm in librarianship? The new digital order

Towards a new paradigm in librarianship? The new digital order

Towards a new paradigm in librarianship? The new digital order

de las tres instituciones, lo que traerá como consecuencia el desarrollo de tratamientos y prácticas documentales autónomas. Bien es cierto que la existencia de distintos soportes que ha sustentado la diferencia entre archivos, bibliotecas y museos, no fue nunca tan radical como la sim- plista diferencia entre manuscrito/impreso/objeto, sino que siempre hubo territorios comunes (publicaciones oficiales, documentos personales…), pero sin duda fue el soporte em- pleado de forma predominante el que marcó la dicotomía más fuertemente percibida, que posicionaría por un lado a bibliotecas y archivos, territorios del texto escrito, y mu- seos, territorio del objeto. La frecuencia con que hasta el día de hoy dentro de determinadas organizaciones el mismo equipo humano es responsable de los servicios de archivos y bibliotecas es indicativa de la importancia del soporte in- formativo y de hasta qué punto pervive el recuerdo de un pasado común. Pero incluso las prácticas realizadas con sus recursos informativos, como es el caso del patrimonio, se comparten entre archivos y bibliotecas y se separan en el campo de los museos. Manteniendo las tres instituciones su función preservadora, los museos se enfocan hoy a inter- pretar, o proponer interpretaciones, y transmitir los valores de sus piezas a un público cada vez más amplio, como puede verse en las exposiciones temporales o en el papel que jue- gan en la industria del turismo de masas, mientras bibliote- cas y archivos orientan su patrimonio fundamentalmente al apoyo administrativo y a la investigación.
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7 Lee mas

Fast tilt test, a new paradigm in the management of reflex syncope

Fast tilt test, a new paradigm in the management of reflex syncope

would provoke a delay in the elastic carotid arteries, which can be measured by the novel digital computed techniques. In this regard, peripheral vascular resist- ance forms part of a wider concept called arterial im- pedance, which can be simply defined as the sum of the variables opposed to blood flowing through the arteries. Arterial impedance has three components: arterial compliance (typical or the great vessels), pe- ripheral vascular resistance (in medium and small ar- teries) and pulse wave reflection originating in the aor- tic bifurcation and centripetally transmitted towards the aortic root, reaching the pulse wave in the final diastolic portion. (23). With our studies, we have dem- onstrated that the delay of pulse wave occurs mostly during the ejection period and does not differ in age groups with different arterial compliances; therefore, the manifestation seems to depend mostly on changes in peripheral resistance. In this sense, after our group of engineers developed a device to measure pulse wave
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8 Lee mas

TOWARDS A NEW PARADIGM OF DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DETERMINANTS OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS ACTIVITY

TOWARDS A NEW PARADIGM OF DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DETERMINANTS OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS ACTIVITY

No less have national governments and supranational entities changed their perceptions of development. In the 1980s and early 1990s, most governments of developing countries, backed by their counterparts in the OECD countries, placed upgrading national competitiveness at the top of their economic agenda. This was in marked contrast to the earlier decade in which the goals of the same administrations had been much influenced by such United Nations initiatives as the New International Order. More recently, there has been some reaction to the less welcome (and often unintended) consequences of liberalized markets (including free cross-border capital markets), and to the increasing integration of national economies into regional or global markets, including the role played by TNCs in this process. More specifically, in the 2000s, partly as a result of the publicity of unacceptable business practices, renewed attention is now being given to both top-down and bottom-up ways of ensuring that TNCs and their affiliates conduct their affairs in a way consistent with the goals and values of the NPD – as judged appropriate by the particular countries in question. 28 Of the supranational agencies, perhaps, it is the World Bank that has, over the past decade or so, most obviously widened its agenda on extant approaches to development to incorporate those elements identified by the Nobel Laureates. Indeed, a study of the annual World Development Reports (WDRs) suggests there has been a regular interchange of views, opinions and recommended action between the Bank, its various consultants and academia in general. 29 To give just three 27 For recent reviews of such top-down and bottom-up initiatives, see,
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55 Lee mas

Educacin: hacia un nuevo paradigma de los saberes
Education: Towards a new paradigm of knowledge

Educacin: hacia un nuevo paradigma de los saberes Education: Towards a new paradigm of knowledge

All educational technology, all peda- gogy, has always explicit or implicit a philosophy of education, in order to determine the purposes of it, which will later lead to educational policies decided by the State. This article ana- lyzes two paradigms in education: one conservative, the other progressive. Both of them hold education as a uni- versal right, one from a “substitution- alist” universalism and the other from an “interactive” universalism. Only in the second one the differences can be thought as dismissing the hegemonic subject for which the recognition of the Other and the Other as an alter ego, mediated by narrative and dia- logue is indispensable. This dialogue requires a comprehensive, understand- ing listening, that always reinforces the arguments of the other (he or she). This communication will be politically efficient if an inclusive moral contract exists. A contract that makes an invi- tation to tend bridges of listening as a precondition to collective construc- tion.
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Cuando los videojuegos escribieron el Holocausto: Análisis de Wolfenstein: The New Order (Machinegames, 2014)

Cuando los videojuegos escribieron el Holocausto: Análisis de Wolfenstein: The New Order (Machinegames, 2014)

que componen la propia construcción lúdica: las paredes están decoradas por posters que remiten tanto a La mujer en la luna (Frau im Mond, Fritz Lang, 1929) como a Ilsa, la loba de las SS (Ilsa: She Wolf of the SS, Don Edmonds, 1975), la banda sonora incorpora referencias a Wagner, a Emmanuel d´Astier/Anna Marly/Leonard Cohen (los tresillos iniciales de algunos de los temas apuntan a La complainte du Partisan/ The partisan) o a Jimi Hendrix y su interpretación del himno norteamericano. Del mismo modo, los programadores han incorporado capturas de pantalla del Wolfens- tein 3D original (iD Software, 1992) para decorar la guarida de los miembros de la resistencia o los ordenadores de la base lunar. Se trata, por lo tanto, de un tapiz de fragmentos arrancados de todo el siglo XX, reordenados y reubicados en una nueva cadena significante. Ahora bien, no debemos perder de vista que entre todos los refe- rentes icónicos, los programadores han decidido incorporar también el Holocausto. Este es, precisamente, el punto de inflexión que motiva nuestro trabajo. Volveremos sobre esta idea.
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New species in the New World Natada complex (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae)

New species in the New World Natada complex (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae)

distínct species or high altitude forms. The specimen from Cerro de la Muerte is unique in the presence of a densely setose anellus and an aedeagus with the apex angled downward (Figure 12-13); the wings of the specimen are greasy, making it difficult to determine its col­ oration or pattern. The specimen from Irazu has the same coloring as N. kokii except it lacks whíte scales on the front femora, and has an uncus apex that is broader relative to the basal portion and upturned; the apex of the aedeagus is missing. We have encountered similar genitalic variations . between what appear to be isolated montane and lowland populations in other Costa Rican limacodid species (e.g., Miresa clarissa (Stoll) and
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14 Lee mas

The "Proceso de Cambio" a Decade Later: What is New in the New Bolivia?

The "Proceso de Cambio" a Decade Later: What is New in the New Bolivia?

And this Bolivian PC has deservedly sparked a great deal of scholarly literature on many of its facets, including strong Indigenous emergence, aspects and effects of new public policies or the transformation of the State among many others. At first, many of the studies focused primarily on the “epic” dimensions of the accelerated political changes thus brought about, and most of them have consisted in fragmentary visions over one or some of the main dimensions of the ongoing or proposed changes. However helpful these have been in comprehending current Bolivian politics, they leave us desiring some form of “global assessment” on how much innovation there really has been on the many dimensions that comprise this new Bolivia. But as the dust begins to settle and Minerva’s owl prepares to take off, recent years have already witnessed some publications that are most welcome for they try to deal with some very important dimensions of the PC through a holistic vision about them.
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12 Lee mas

International relations between China and Latin America: Finding a common path towards a new world order

International relations between China and Latin America: Finding a common path towards a new world order

Todas las discusiones académicas acerca de la posibilidad, necesidad, existencia de una escuela china de las relaciones internacionales, más allá de las conclusiones a que se puede llegar, constituyen un elemento muy relevante porque han llevado el discurso de las ciencias sociales a una nueva altura, a nuevas perspectivas, a partir del método usado. Muy interesantes, por ejemplo, son las opiniones del profesor Ren Xiao de la Fudan University de Shanghai, que sostiene la necesidad de desapegarse del método científico positivista, volviendo a un pluralismo metológico, sobre todo en la materia de las ciencias sociales donde el ser humano es el objeto de investigación, y la “ciencia exacta” no alcanza a interpretarlo (Ren Xiao, 2016: 42). Así como sostuvo el Prof. Qin Yaqing, que considera necesario “un espíritu humanístico integrado en las ciencias sociales” (Qin, 2004). Asimismo, la profesora L. H. M. Ling, de la New School de New York, considera como “la modernización (occidentalización) del confucianismo ha significado, en realidad, el desarrollo del patriarcado, con el correspondiente abandono del tradicional poder compartido patriarcado-matriarcado” (Ling, 2016: 17-18). De estas reflexiones, así como del intenso estudio del Prof. Qin Yaqing acerca de las etapas del desarrollo de las teorías de las relaciones internacionales en China, podemos resumir dos elementos: que muchas de las teorías desarrolladas por los investigadores chinos son derivaciones e interpretaciones de las escuelas occidentales:
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10 Lee mas

Sobre Fernando Cervantes, The Devil in the New World. The Impact of Diabolism in New Spain

Sobre Fernando Cervantes, The Devil in the New World. The Impact of Diabolism in New Spain

El paso siguiente, en el mismo capítulo, hacia las denuncias de eclesiásti- cos del siglo X V I I , Ruiz de Alarcón, Jacinto de la Serna, Balsalobre, etc., le lleva a referirse a la[r]

5 Lee mas

Digital Environment and New Paradigm in Copyright Relations How Digital Media Changed Control Over Creative Expression Edición Única

Digital Environment and New Paradigm in Copyright Relations How Digital Media Changed Control Over Creative Expression Edición Única

The WIPO Copyright Treaty provisions intended to address the problems caused by the Internet and digital technology, including distribution rights not included in the Berne Convention, c[r]

93 Lee mas

The great cemetery. Towards a new interpretation of Chalcolithic Valencina

The great cemetery. Towards a new interpretation of Chalcolithic Valencina

En esta parte del territorio se ha investigado con más profun- didad el de Los Páramos, un asentamiento calcolítico sobre el que se superpone, como en Chichina y en otros encl[r]

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New paradigm for the IMF governance : two deals for the years ahead

New paradigm for the IMF governance : two deals for the years ahead

With respect to the original formula, the reforms proposed by Directors comprise: i the use of different Openness measures with a nominal cap ora relative cap24 ; ii a lower weight of Op[r]

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Jesus and the Temple in John and Hebrews: Towards a New Testament Perspective

Jesus and the Temple in John and Hebrews: Towards a New Testament Perspective

This past–present–future orientation is fundamental to the broader thematic structure of the book of Hebrews, so that the work begins by establishing the past realities as the foundation for the present. The si- milarities between the prologues to the gospel of John and the book of Hebrews have already been noted. In the first chapter of Hebrews, the incarnation is certainly in view (vv.2,5,6,9). Hebrews then continues, with specific reference to the earthly ministry of Jesus (2,3) with the ad- monition that “[t]herefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard” (Heb 2,1). Again, in the second chapter, the incarnation is clearly in view, as is particularly evident in vv. 14–18. This is not just in terms of the sacrifice of Jesus (v.9,10,14), but in the full breadth of the incarnation work (v.18). This theme is continued in 3,2, and then, in
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27 Lee mas

New Media in the Mainstream

New Media in the Mainstream

One could argue that the participatory, ‘socially networked’ art projects of the past fifteen years or so that have received considerable attention by art institutions all respond to contemporary culture, which is shaped by networked digital technologies and ‘social media’ (from the WWW to locative media, Facebook and YouTube), and the changes they have brought about. However, art that uses these technologies as a medium remains conspicuously absent from major exhibitions in the mainstream art world. While art institutions and organizations now commonly use digital technologies in their infrastructure— “connecting” and distributing through their websites, Facebook pages, YouTube channels, and Twitter feeds—they still place emphasis on exhibiting more traditional art forms that reference technological culture or adopt its strategies in a non-technological way.
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5 Lee mas

Semiotic engineering . A new paradigm for designing interactive systems

Semiotic engineering . A new paradigm for designing interactive systems

of interaction, just like the content of a book is unfolded through reading. Hence, ontologically, designers and users belong to the same category – they are interlocutors at interaction time. This is one of the major differences between semiotic engineering and prevailing HCI theories. It underlines the fact that the legitimacy and consistency of the message (“this is the systems that I have build for you”) depend on the design intent being shared and restated at every single stage of the software development cycle. In other words, all developers must understand the metacommunication message, agree with it, and contribute to making it clear and useful to the end user. Another difference, related to the second central concept in the theory, is taking meaning to be a culturally-determined constantly evolving process, rather than a fixed target to be captured, encoded and met. Most implicit or explicit theories of meaning supporting computation and software engineering postulate that, just like computer (program) symbols each have their established (enumerable) meaning(s), human meanings occurring in various domains of activity are also fully determined a priori. However, human meanings like human life evolve in both predictable and unpredictable ways. In other words, “the user's meaning” is a moving target, and we as developers or designers can never claim to have fully captured it. But we can and do capture relevant parts of it, which are encoded in programs that inexorably compute and predict their occurrence according to well- specified semantic rules. They encode our interpretation of users' meanings in a finite range of possible contexts. The better the job we do at the initial stages of design (through user studies), the greater our chances to communicate and share our understanding with users. When the unavoidable step to outside the boundaries of encoded meanings is made, and the user begins to mean things that are “knowable” but not “known”, user’s satisfaction will be more dependent on “communicability” than on “usability” 0. Here is a plausible e-commerce scenario to illustrate this.
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12 Lee mas

The new man. Regeneratonism in Spain

The new man. Regeneratonism in Spain

Regenerationism was concerned with the «national problem» which was associated with the ethnic characteristics of the Spanish people and the solution to which was an educational guardianship and the promotion of culture and sport that would renew Spanish society to attain the European level. There was therefore a problem, linked to the Spanish way of being, whose solution was to be found in a mixture of education, culture and sport which would permit the “regeneration of the race”. The attempts at regeneration were directed basically at the young people, although children were not ignored, as can be seen in the news item which was echoed in different publications. “The great Tolosa Latour, true providence of children, to whom he has devoted all his life of fervent and preserving science, has launched (...) a beautiful idea: to organize caravans of poor children and take them one day to breathe the fresh air in the mountains (...) a remedy which we should apply for the physical and moral redemption of so many unhappy human beings who abound in the capitals of Spain (...) The project is very easy to carry out (...) To take the greatest number of children possible for a few days to oxygenate themselves, carrying out an educational task of positive regeneration. 15 ”
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16 Lee mas

New Faces in New Places. The Changing Geography of American Immigration

New Faces in New Places. The Changing Geography of American Immigration

New Faces in New Places divide once capítulos en dos secciones, «Patrones emergentes del asentamiento inmigrante» y «Reacciones co- munitarias a los nuevos grupos inmigrantes», que agrupan cinco y seis trabajos, respectiva- mente. En la primera parte hay una evidente in- clinación por el uso de métodos cuantitativos de investigación y de datos provenientes de fuentes públicas como la Encuesta Continua de Población (Current Population Survey); los cen- sos estadounidenses (especialmente a través de las Series de Microdatos Integrados de Uso Público, o Integrated Public Use Microdata Se- ries - IPUMS); así como de un proyecto de in- vestigación sobre inmigración de la Universidad Estatal de Louisiana. En cambio, en la segunda parte aparecen trabajos cualitativos, comparati- vos y estudios de caso que abordan temas ur- bano-rurales, regionales, raciales, identitarios y de política local. Las dos partes se complemen- tan y presentan una fresca diversidad de enfo- ques, técnicas y niveles de análisis que giran en torno a los nuevos destinos de la inmigra- ción.
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8 Lee mas

The New Frontier of Digital Inequality. The Participatory Divide

The New Frontier of Digital Inequality. The Participatory Divide

Bennett and Segerberg (2012) carried out a series of studies looking at the political uses of the Internet and its effect on political protest actions. One of these effects is the transformation from a logic of collective ac- tion (Olson, 1978) to a logic of connective action in which citizens participate in an in- dividualised yet coordinated way through social networks. According to the authors, this form of participation does not require a shared group identity or organisation that can respond to opportunities for action. In other words, the Internet reduces the impor- tance traditionally attributed to organisa- tions and identity in explaining processes of citizen political participation (Laraña, 1999). The other key element in their analysis is the emergence of a new logic of connective ac- tion, based on sharing personalised content through digital networks (Bennett and Se- gerberg, 2012). From this point of view, the Internet becomes an arena for political so- cialisation in which citizens produce content and/or diffuse it to express their support or opposition to certain causes.
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40 Lee mas

La nueva contraloria social en la gestión pública mexicana
(The new social order in Mexican public administration

La nueva contraloria social en la gestión pública mexicana (The new social order in Mexican public administration

CONTROL ADMINISTRATIVO.- La Administración Pública en sentido formal se manifiesta en un conjunto de órganos estructurados y facultados por el derecho administrativo para pa[r]

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The new poverty in the labour market

The new poverty in the labour market

Findings: Currently a growing number of workers (employees and self-employed) is pushed towards poverty as a consequence of the deterioration of labour conditions in the framework of the economic globalisation. During the crisis of the 80s, becoming employed was a warranty to escape from poverty, but nowadays this is not enough. Unemployment it is not the only synonym of poverty and social exclusion is not solely found in marginal social groups. The new labour conditions, with low salaries, temporary contracts and long working times configure a new tipology of poverty directly linked with job market that affects more highly educated and professional groups. Research limitations/implications: This research collects different governmental reports and Action Plans at all levels. Even that, there can be other reports not included in this article.
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