Top PDF Two new species of Compositae-Asteraceae from the Valley of Mexico

Two new species of Compositae-Asteraceae from the Valley of Mexico

Two new species of Compositae-Asteraceae from the Valley of Mexico

Baccharis erosoricola and Astr anthium reichei are describ ed as new on the basis of s pecimens co ll ec ted in th e state of M exico.. erosoricola seems to be clo[r]

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A new species of <em>Deiregyne</em> (Orchidaceae: Spiranthinae) from Hidalgo, Mexico

A new species of <em>Deiregyne</em> (Orchidaceae: Spiranthinae) from Hidalgo, Mexico

T he genus Deiregyne Schltr. sensu Garay (1982) encom- passes 14 species restricted to the major mountain ranges of Mexico and adjacent Guatemala (Salazar, 2003; Soto et al., 2007; Soto and Salazar, 2012). Although there has been considerable controversy regarding the typifi cation and cir- cumscription of this genus (e.g. Catling, 1989 contra Szla- chetko, 1995), recent molecular phylogenetic analyses have shown that, as lectotypifi ed and delimited by Garay (1982), Deiregyne corresponds to a strongly supported, monophyle- tic group (Salazar and Ballesteros-Barrera, 2010; Salazar et al., 2011). Those analyses have also identifi ed the genus Di- chromanthus Garay as the sister of Deiregyne, and these two genera in turn belong in a more inclusive clade with the ge- nera Schiedeella Schltr. and Spiranthes Rich. s.str. Except for three hummingbird-pollinated species of Dichromanthus with odorless, tubular, red or orange fl owers, all the species of this lineage have fragrant, campanulate, white, green or yellow fl owers. All these features conform to a syndrome of
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A new species of Coniophanes (Squamata: Colubridae), from the coast of Michoacán, Mexico

A new species of Coniophanes (Squamata: Colubridae), from the coast of Michoacán, Mexico

Color after about 15 years of preservation in 70% ethanol.—Rostral cream with heavy suffusion of dark pigment on anterior surface; pale stripes on canthal borders merge on front of snout, bordering posterior part of rostral and anterior part of internasals; parietals with a small pale dot medially; pale stripes on head continuous with pale paravertebral stripes on body; upper lips white-cream; each suprala- bial scale with dark pigment distributed irregularly on lower half; infralabials white- cream with dark pigment distributed irregu- larly, extending posteriorly from chin region and fading at level of the 10th ventral scale; dorsal coloration cream-white with vertebral and lateral dark-brown stripes along body; dark vertebral stripe three and two half scales wide on most of body, starting at internasal scales and covering most of head dorsum, four and two half scales wide on nape; three scales between vertebral and lateral stripes; lateral stripes two and two half scales wide on nape, narrowing posteriorly and through most of body to one and two half scales wide; all scales on pale paravertebral stripes and sides of body
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A new species of Cochemiea (Cactaceae, Cacteae) from Sinaloa, Mexico

A new species of Cochemiea (Cactaceae, Cacteae) from Sinaloa, Mexico

when 3, two pointing toward the apex and one deflect- ed, this last being slightly longer, stiff needle-like, sligh- ly thicker than the radial spines, 7-13 mm long, whitish, brown to black, darkening to apex, later gray, all straight; radial spines 10-15, acicular, slender, white with reddish tips, radiate around the areole, 5-10 mm long; flowers zygomorph-tubular, close to the apex, 30-42 × 12-15 mm at the apex, more or less apically campanulate, all flower parts scarlet red; sepals in three series, the upper lanceo- late, 6-8, 20-25 × 5-7 mm, apex entire, irregularly rounded, incurved outwards; the middle segments 4-6, located at middle of the tube, 4-12 × 4-5 mm, incurved apically out- wards, the lower segments squamiform, 2-5 mm long and wide, appressed to the tube; filaments 40-60, 25-32 mm long, scarlet red, protruding over the upper sepals and these in turn clearly surpassed by the pistil, anthers 1 mm long, 0.4 mm wide, dark red; stigma pale pink, pistil 28-38 long, 0.5 mm wide, stigma lobes lanceolate-oblong, 5-6, 1.0 mm × 0.4 mm, fimbriate, glutinose, scarlet red; ova- ry ovoid, 2.5-3 mm diameter, ovary walls 0-8-1 mm thick; fruit ovoid, dehiscent by a lateral slit, initially green, later reddish-brownish, juicy, 7-9 × 6-8 mm, dried perianth seg- ments sometimes remaining attached; seed pear-shaped, 1.3 × 0.8 mm, 0.65 mm thick, black; hylum micropylar re- gion subbasal, oval-shaped; testa with tabular-concave roundish to isodiametric cells whose sunken central area is roundish, the non-sunken peripheral wall portions are structured in a weakly wart-like manner, the anticline bor- ders on them are barely recognizable, sunken in uneven honeycomb form.
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Descriptions of two new species of the genus  Scrobipalpomima  Povolný (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) and two new records of Gnorimoschemini from Chile

Descriptions of two new species of the genus Scrobipalpomima Povolný (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) and two new records of Gnorimoschemini from Chile

Tribulus L., and Zygophyllum L. (Zygophyllaceae) Povolný (2002b). The species is widely distributed in Europe, tropical Africa, Australasia, and Indo-Malaysia, and has been reported from Jamaica and Mexico in the New World (Huemer and Karsholt 2010; Nazari 2017). Landry and Roque-Albelo (2010) placed O. subdiminutella in Ephysteris Meyrick based on three male and female specimens from Galapagos Islands. They identified the species based on the figures in Povolný (2002b). However, it should be noted that there are differences in the figures of the male genitalia among the contributions of Povolný (2002b), Huemer and Karsholt (2010), and Landry and Roque-Albelo (2010). Due to the confusion in the identity of O. subdiminutella (see Huemer and Karsholt 2010), I assign the Chilean specimens to “O. near subdiminutella.” The Chilean specimens were collected with ultraviolet light traps in four different localities in Atacama and Coquimbo regions where they are associated with the interior desert and coastal scrubland.
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Taxonomic novelties in South American species of Gutierrezia (Asteraceae, Astereae) - Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

Taxonomic novelties in South American species of Gutierrezia (Asteraceae, Astereae) - Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

Gutierrezia Lag. is a genus from the Americas, with a disjunct distribution in North and South America. In North America, 18 species inhabit in xerophytic or halophytic areas in the Central-West of the United States and South of Mexico (Nesom, 2006). On the other hand, 16 species occur in southern South America from Bolivia to extreme southern Argentina and Chile. Particularly, two species grow in Bolivia (Solbrig, 1966; Hind, 2011; Beck et al., 2014), six in Chile from the region I (Tarapacá) to the XII (Magallanes) (Zuloaga et al., 2008), and 12 in Argentina, mainly on the West from the border with Bolivia up to Tierra del Fuego archipelago (Zuloaga et al., 1999; 2008; Sancho & Viera Barreto, 2014). Recently, three new species were described from
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Two new species of Mexican Iridaceae

Two new species of Mexican Iridaceae

Two new species of Iridaceae are described and illustrated, both collected in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Sisyrinchium planicola Ceja & Cholewa has blue flowers with a white eye and grows abundantly in the flood plains of Llano de las Flores. Tigridia mariaetrinitatis Espejo & López-Ferrari, only known from the type locality in Rancho Progreso, municipality of Chalcatongo de Hidalgo, belongs to the subgenus Hydrotaenia and has the flowers erect, brilliant yellow in their base, the outer tepals white lilac with purple spots and the inner tepals yellow with purple spots.
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Two new species of the genus Squatina (Chondrichthyes: Squatinidae) from the Gulf of Mexico [Spanish]

Two new species of the genus Squatina (Chondrichthyes: Squatinidae) from the Gulf of Mexico [Spanish]

Abstract: Two new species of the genus Squatina (Chondrichthyes: Squatinidae) from the Gulf of Mexico. Two undescribed species of the genus Squatina, caught by bottom-trawl during the OGMEX VIII, IX and PROBEMEX II oceanographic cruises were compared with S. dumeril Lesueur, 1818, the only well known spe- cies from the northern Gulf of Mexico. The collections were made off Tamaulipas, Veracruz and Tabasco. The descriptions of the new species refer to morphology, coloration pattern and dorsal fin shape and size. An English description of each species is included. Some specimens erroneously assigned to S. dumeril are deposited in Mexican collections. With these two new species, besides S. californica Ayres, 1859 and S. dumeril , the number of documented species of this genus in Mexico ascends to four, and a total of five are known from the western Atlantic. A key is provided for their identification. Rev. Biol. Trop. 54 (3): 1031-1040. Epub 2006 Sept. 29. Key words: Chondrichthyes, Squatina, Gulf of Mexico, key.
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New insights on Bidens herzogii (Coreopsidae, Asteraceae), an endemic species from the Cerrado biogeographic province in Bolivia

New insights on Bidens herzogii (Coreopsidae, Asteraceae), an endemic species from the Cerrado biogeographic province in Bolivia

The tribe Coreopsideae, Asteraceae, is a monophyletic lineage with 24 genera and 600 species (Panero & Funk 2002, Panero 2007, Crawford et al. 2009). The tribe has a cosmopolitan distribution, although its greatest diversity is found in the Americas. Two diverse genera of Coreopsideae are Bidens L. and Cosmos Cav. which are frequently confused, and as a consequence several synonymies exist between them (e.g. Hemsley 1881, Sherff 1929, 1932, Melchert 1975, 1990, 2010a-b, Melchert & Turner 1990). A recent case is the proposal of Hind (2013) to transfer Cosmos herzogii Sherff to Bidens. Based on this work and on a recent systematic study of Cosmos (Vargas-Amado et al. 2013; Castro-Castro et al. 2014, Castro-Castro 2015) and field work we support this last decision. Bidens herzogii, the new combination, is endemic to Eastern Bolivia and it grows on the Cerrado or Cerradense Occidental biogeographic provinces (Morrone 2001 and Navarro & Ferreira 2009, respectively). This region is distinguished by its unique flora, singular abiotic characteristics, and several biological endemisms (Suárez 2000, Wood et al. 2011, Pozo et al. 2013, Fig. 1A).
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Use and management of Mimosa species in the Tehuacán Cuicatlán Valley, a tropical semi arid region in Mexico (Fabaceae Mimosoideae)

Use and management of Mimosa species in the Tehuacán Cuicatlán Valley, a tropical semi arid region in Mexico (Fabaceae Mimosoideae)

MATERIAL AND METHODS Field work included surveys, plant col- lections and market visit in the Valley from 1994 to date; voucher specimens are depos- ited at the Herbario Metropolitano (UAMIZ) of the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana- Iztapalapa. Other sources of information included herbaria consultations (CODAGEM, ENCB, IEB, IMSSM, MEXU and UAMIZ). Because most of the information about the uses of Mimosa species is disseminate, the revi- sion of historic documents, and ethnobotanical, floristic and ecological studies was done. The Mexican Plants Ethnobotanical Information Data Base (Banco de Información Etnobotánica de Plantas Mexicanas, BADEPLAM) of the Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, was also consulted.
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A new species of Epicauta (Coleoptera: Meloidae) from the Pliocene, State of Hidalgo, Mexico

A new species of Epicauta (Coleoptera: Meloidae) from the Pliocene, State of Hidalgo, Mexico

Cifuentes, P.R., González, E.S.S., Zaragoza-Caballero, S., Vega-Vera, F.J., 2002, Insectos del Cretácico Superior de Coahuila y del Oligoceno inferior de Puebla (resumen), en XXXVII Congre- so Nacional de Entomología y South Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Branch of the Entomological Society of Ameri- ca, Reunión Conjunta: Guanajuato, México, Sociedad Mexica- na de Entomología, 505-507.

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Jatropha chamelensis (Euphorbiaceae), a new species from the coast of Jalisco, Mexico

Jatropha chamelensis (Euphorbiaceae), a new species from the coast of Jalisco, Mexico

Jatropha chamelensis se distingue fácilmente de las otras 19 especies mexicanas de esta Subsección por tener las hojas grandes y anchas, Jatropha platyphylla Muell[r]

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Selaginella rzedowskii, a new heterophyllous species from the State of Guerrero, Mexico

Selaginella rzedowskii, a new heterophyllous species from the State of Guerrero, Mexico

SELAGINELLA RZEDOWSKll, UNA NUEVA ESPECIE DE SELAGINELA HE TERO FILA DEL ESTADO DE GUERRERO, MEXICO. rzedowskii) se describe del estado de Guerrero, México. Con esta [r]

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TWO NEW SPECIES OF ANDROPOGON (POACEAE, PANICOIDEAE) FROM CUBA

TWO NEW SPECIES OF ANDROPOGON (POACEAE, PANICOIDEAE) FROM CUBA

Ekman as well as Ignatz Urban (1848-1931), who processed and published much of Ekman's scientific result, passed away almost simultane- ously and the specimens were never studied in detail. These specimens, now distributed in the herbaria of Stockholm (S), Kew (K) and Geneve (G), were recently brought to our attention and it is clear that both entities deserve species rank. Both are members of the A. lateralis complex as defined by Campbell (1983), using size and number of pollen grains compared between the sessile versus the pedicellate spikelets, besides a general mor- phological resemblance to A. lateralis.
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Catálogo de los tipos de Hemiptera (Insecta) depositados en el Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

Catálogo de los tipos de Hemiptera (Insecta) depositados en el Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

Brailovsky, H. y Mayorga, C. (1997) An analysis of the genus Stenomacra Stål with description of four new species, and some taxonomic rearrangements (Hemiptera: Heteroptera; Largidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 105(1-2): 1-14. Buzzetti, F. y Zettel, H. (2007) Rhagovelia sehnali sp. n. (Insecta: Heteroptera: Veliidae) from

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Un inusual nuevo registro de Baccharis (Asteraceae) de los Andes peruanos y su relación con el límite norte de la puna seca

Un inusual nuevo registro de Baccharis (Asteraceae) de los Andes peruanos y su relación con el límite norte de la puna seca

Baccharis acaulis grows in humid, often saline, soil for which it needs to present some mechanisms to counter- act stress conditions (Lieth and Mochtchenko, 2003; Teillier and Becerra, 2003; Ruthsatz, 2012). Frequently, salt toler- ance is associated with tolerance to water stress; howev- er, if salt toxicity is the main cause of the effect of salinity, salt tolerance is not necessarily linked with water stress tolerance (Villagra and Cavagnaro, 2006); this could be the mechanism of B. acaulis, since it would be the most import- ant for the ecological success of this species. Furthermore, this salt stress tolerance could be an adaptive factor in the niche differentiation of B. acaulis and its capacity to grow in salt soil, since the habitats where B. acaulis grows are the unique place with highest level of water in the dry puna.
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A new species of Hisonotus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) of the upper río Uruguay basin

A new species of Hisonotus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) of the upper río Uruguay basin

A new species of the hypoptopomatine genus Hisonotus (Loricariidae) is described from a small tributary of the upper rı´o Uruguay basin near the border between Uruguay and Brazil. The new species can be distinguished from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) presence of serrae along distal two thirds of posterior margin of pectoral-fin spine (versus serrae absent, posterior margin smooth); (2) odontodes along anterior margin of snout biserially arranged, dorsad and ventrad series separated by narrow odontode-free area covered by pad of soft tissue; (3) caudal peduncle short (27–34% SL, versus . 34% SL) and deep (13–15 % SL, versus , 13% SL); (4) eye large (15–19% HL, versus , 13% HL); and (5) caudal-fin pigmentation, when well defined, dark brown with a pair of whitish blotches on upper and lower lobes. The significance of the distribution of the new species is discussed relative to the degree of endemism of other fish groups in the Uruguay basin.
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A new species of blunt headed vine snake (Colubridae, Imantodes) from the Chocó region of Ecuador

A new species of blunt headed vine snake (Colubridae, Imantodes) from the Chocó region of Ecuador

Hemipenes (Fig. 4). The right hemipenis of the paratype DHMECN 6753 of Imantodes chocoensis was removed, fully everted and expanded (Fig. 4). The organ is bulbous and relatively long, 11.2 mm in length, and when adpressed to the outside of the tail it extends from the cloaca to the sixth subcaudal scale. The organ is longer than wide (width 46% of length), unilobed, symmetrical, calyculate, capitate, and arched towards the sulcal side. The sulcus spermaticus is simple, linear, semicentripetal, and thin, demarcated by thick bordering tissue at the base, particularly at the anterior bor- der, and ending on the surface of the capitulum facing medially. The capitulum is orna- mented with papillated calyces, spinulated proximally. The capitulum, approximately 45% the length of the hemipenis, is slightly demarcated by a groove, more prominent on the sulcal side and joining the sulcus spematicus. In the asulcate side the base of the capitulum has more prominent spines. Truncus covered by large spines, on the sulcate
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New South American taxa of Cantharellus, C. nothofagorum, C. xanthoscyphus and C. laleritius var. colombianus - Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

New South American taxa of Cantharellus, C. nothofagorum, C. xanthoscyphus and C. laleritius var. colombianus - Sociedad Argentina de Botánica

lateritius var. Two new species and one new variety of Cantharellus are reported from South America. Cantharellus nothofagorum was collected under Nothofagus dombeyi in the province of N[r]

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A new species of Stegnosperma (Phytolaccaceae) from southwestern Puebla, Mexico

A new species of Stegnosperma (Phytolaccaceae) from southwestern Puebla, Mexico

Stegnosperma sanchezii Medrano y Medina (Phytolaccaceae) se describe como especie nueva del suroeste de Puebla.. Se encuentra relacionada con Stenogsperma wat- sonii D.J.[r]

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