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We propose a Bayesian nonparametric hierarchical model that includes a cluster analysis, aimed at identifying profiles or hospital behaviors that may affect **the** out- come at patient level. In particular, we introduce a multivariate multiple regression model, where **the** response has three mixed-type components. **The** components are, respectively: (1) **the** door to balloon time (DB), i.e. **the** time between **the** admission to **the** hospital and **the** PTCA; (2) **the** in-hospital survival; and (3) **the** survival after 60 days from admission. **The** first response (continuous) is essential in quantifying **the** efficiency **of** health providers, since it plays a key role in **the** success **of** **the** ther- apy; **the** second is **the** basic treatment success indicator, while **the** third concerns a 60-days period, during which **the** treatment effectiveness, in terms **of** survival and quality **of** life, can be truly evaluated. Note that **the** last two responses are binary, so that, as a whole, **the** multivariate response is **of** mixed type. It is worth noting that **the** information **on** patients’ survival after 60 days is obtained from **the** linkage between STEMI archive and a further administrative database concerning patient-specific vital statistics such as date **of** birth and death for general causes. **The** linkage between **the** different data sources was carried out by Lombardia Informatica S.p.A, **the** agency managing regional datawarehouses. We do not have direct access to **the** data sources so as to construct different outcomes **of** potential interest. Moreover we work with a singly imputed data set and we could not identify data preprocessing tools used by **the** Lombardia Informatica S.p.A. agency, in particular **the** technique used to impute **the** missing data. **The** modeling **of** multiple outcomes from data collected in STEMI Archive was previously discussed in Ieva et al. (2014), under a semiparametric fre- quentist bivariate probit model. Their aim was to analyze **the** relationship among in-hospital mortality and a treatment effectiveness outcome in **the** presence **of** con- founders, that is, variables that are associated with both covariates and response. This is a problem that poses serious limitations to covariate adjustment since **the** use **of** **classical** techniques may yield biased and inconsistent **estimates**. In this context, Ieva et al. (2014) proposed **the** use **of** a semiparametric recursive bivariate probit model, as an effective way to estimate **the** effect that a binary regressor has **on** a binary outcome in **the** presence **of** nonlinear confounder response relationships. In contrast, we focus **on** a joint model for **the** grouped outcomes. As discussed below, our aim is to find relevant groups **of** hospitals in terms **of** patient-specific characteristics, which may assist in further planning and policy making.

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In his seminal paper, Barro (1999) introduces a varying rate **of** time preference in a Neoclassical **growth** model with sophisticated agents to avoid time-inconsistency. 6 **The** in- stantaneous time discount rate decreases with **the** time-distance from **the** present, and it is assumed that it converges towards a positive **constant**. **The** consequence **of** this assump- tion **of** quasi-hyperbolic discounting is that, **the** model is observationally equivalent 7 to **the** standard Neoclassical **growth** model with a positive **constant** rate **of** time preference. In consequence, stagnation is **the** forced outcome in **the** long-term if exogenous technological improvements are absent. In this paper, we also consider a sophisticated agent but, unlike Barro (1999), we assume that **the** instantaneous time discount rate asymptotically declines towards zero. Our assumption means that a present individual does not discount a delay in **the** very distant future. This hypothesis is already present in **the** hyperbolic discount functions proposed in **the** **classical** psychological literature (Ainslie, 1992). Moreover this property is characteristic **of** many discount functions proposed in **the** economic literature **on** non-**constant** discounting, like, for example, hyperbolic discounting, proportional dis- counting, power discounting and **constant** sensitivity (see, Abdellaoui et al. 2010). In a continuous setting, a time-varying discount rate asymptotically converging to zero also ap- pears in **the** logarithmic discounting proposed by Heal (2007) (and considered by Heal 1998 and Li and Lofgren 2000 to analyze sustainable resource management), and in **the** regular discounting used by Pezzey (2004) and Farzin and Wendner (2014). Moreover, we assume that **the** discount function never vanishes, meaning that individuals are not shortsighted in **the** sense that they do not disregard long-term consequences. Under these assumptions, our model predicts similar results to those **of** **the** Neoclassical **growth** model with a zero time-discount rate.

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Before considering **the** stability, we must first determine **the** equilibrium structure **of** **the** magnetic field. In barotropic stars, **the** equilibrium form **of** **the** magnetic field is severely restricted and is given as **the** solution **of** a differential equation (**the** so-called Grad–Shafranov equation, as discussed, for example, in Chandrasekhar & Fermi 1953; Ferraro 1954; L¨ust & Schl¨uter 1954; Prendergast 1956; a detailed discussion is also given in Akg¨un & Wasserman 2008). **On** **the** other hand, in realistic, non-barotropic stars, **the** hydrostatic force includes a buoyancy term, which acts as a restoring force for stably stratified fluids. Thus, **the** only restriction that remains for an axisymmetric field in a non-barotropic fluid is that **the** magnetic force cannot have an azimuthal ( φ) component, since no counterpart exists in **the** hydrostatic force that can act to ˆ balance it. In addition, **the** equilibrium magnetic field needs to satisfy boundary conditions at **the** surface and regularity conditions at **the** centre **of** **the** star. We can construct simple polynomial forms for **the** scalar functions that describe **the** poloidal and toroidal components **of** **the** magnetic field, consistent with these requirements.

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and pH indicated in **the** previous section were inoculated with PDA disks with mycelium. Trichoderma R39 and Sclerotium cepivorum were placed in opposite sides **of** **the** Petri dishes. Sclerotium cepivorum was inoculated first, due to its slow **growth**, and Trichoderma R39 was placed 24 h later. Fungal cultures were incubated at 20 °C and **the** **growth** **of** both fungi was measured every 24 h for four days. **The** invasion percentage **of** Trichoderma over **the** fungal colony **of** **the** pathogen was estimated according to **the** following equation (Rollan et al., 1999): C=[(DCAP/DSP)x100], where: C=Invasion percentage; DCAP=distance covered by **the** antagonist **on** **the** pathogen colony over **the** axis which separates both fungi, DSP=distance between sowing points (6.5 cm).

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For example, it has been explained that the delay of constant frequency modulation increases the voltage deviation under a loading transient whereas the constant on-time modulation inc[r]

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In the classical case of spin manifolds, the values of the three signs depend only, upon the value of the dimension n modulo 8.. In the classical case of spin manifolds[r]

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Understanding **the** frame as an interactive process **of** social articulation through a shared discourse in specific contexts allows **the** addressing **of** sub- jects that are **of** public interest from two facets: as an expression **of** interpre- tative schemes and as a symbolic construction process, where **the** type **of** par- ticipation plays a fundamental role in **the** individual cognitive effects (Gam - son and Modigliani, 1989; Gamson et al., 1992). From this perspective, this type **of** study using frames can contribute to **the** pondering **on** **the** influence **of** **the** new processes **of** production and consumption **of** information **on** cu - rrent affairs; about **the** effects **of** **the** social networks **on** **the** quality **of** pu blic debate, and about **the** transformation that **the** new arenas for deliberation introduce in **the** political and media spheres.

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[2] A. **P**. Calder´ **on**, Lecture notes **on** pseudo-differential operators and elliptic boundary value problems. I. Cursos de Matem´ atica, No. 1. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient´ıficas y T´ ecnicas, Instituto Argentino de Matem´ atica, Buenos Aires, 1976. 89 pp. MR 460947. [3] D. Gilbarg and N. S. Trudinger, Elliptic partial differential equations **of** second order. Springer-

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Arteaga and Llorente (2009) argue for **the** importance **of** addressing lexical regional variety in **the** Spanish language classroom. They advocate teaching students a dialectally neutral term that will be understood across dialectal zones. One problem with this ap- proach, however, is **the** difficulty **of** identifying words that have **the** most currency among dialects. This paper argues for supplementing **the** use **of** neutral terms by **the** skill **of** circum- locution, which has been argued to be a valu- able skill for second language learners in general (Rubin, 1975, Oxford and Nyikos, 1989, Schweers, 1999), although it must be taught explicitly. Model exercises that foster **the** use **of** circumlocution, while also empha- sizing neutral terms, are given. This combina- tion will allow students to communicate effec- tively with speakers **of** a wide variety **of** dia- lects.

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Among **the** characterizations given by **the** Kelvin-Nevanlinna-Royden cri- terion for **p**-parabolicity **of** a Riemannian manifold, we shall use in this paper those that states that a manifold M is **p**-parabolic, (with 1 < **p** < ∞), if and only if it has vanishing **p**-capacity, namely, there exists a non-empty precompact open set D ⊆ M such that Cap **p** (D, M) = 0.

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Jespersen shows a combination of the two above-mentioned theories (A Modera English Grammar IV168-69): in a first formulation, he asserted that the progressive tenses "seem to have[r]

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Analytical results for the floating zone process of silicon crystal growth for three initial lengths of the melt (Ao, kept constant), showing the excess volume, v (relative to that of a[r]

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This article describes **the** possibility **of** modifying **the** composition **of** fat tissue in broiler chickens fed canola oil, which is high in monounsaturated fatty acids. 128 one-day old broiler chickens, randomly assigned into 4 groups **of** 32 chicks each, received one **of** four diets containing 15% oil with diﬀ erent percentages **of** canola oil (diet 1: 0% canola oil, diet 2: 5% canola oil, diet 3: 10% canola oil and diet 4: 15% canola oil), for 31 days. Each group was divided into 4 subgroups **of** 8 chicks. **The** birds were sacrifi ced at day 45 to obtain tissue samples. **The** fatty acid composition was measured in meat (legs and breasts), fat (abdominal and subcutaneous) and plasma. An increase in oleic acid (**p**<0.01) was detected, as well as a decrease in linoleic acid (**p**<0.01), together with a slight increase in α-linolenic acid (**p**<0.05) with a higher percentage **of** canola oil. **The** composition **of** fat tissue was more representative **of** **the** dietary fatty acids than muscle tissue. In conclusion, canola oil increased **the** content **of** omega 9 and omega 3 fatty acids and decreased **the** content **of** omega 6 fatty acids in meat, fat and plasma in broiler chickens.

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We thank L. Grenet from **the** CEA-Grenoble (LITEN) and University Grenoble Alpes, France, for **the** JV characteristics performed under AM1.5G illumination. Partial financial support provided by: **the** Spanish Government projects: TEC2014-60483-R, TEC2015-71127-C2-2-R; by **the** Community **of** Madrid project: S2013/MIT 2790; by **the** University **of** Alcalá project: CCG2015/EXP-014; and by **the** FPI Grant from **the** University **of** Alcalá. Support from Junta de Andalucía (Group INNANOMAT, ref. TEP-946) is also acknowledged.

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We believe **the** numbers computed above are under- **estimates**. First, they ignore **the** effects **of** heart disease and cancer, both related to obesity. Second, it is likely that there is at least some underreporting **of** chronic conditions. This should attenuate all **estimates** **of** ef- fects **of** obesity. Third, throughout we use self-reported conditions either in wave 1 or wave 2 and ignore cause **of** death (reported by a relative) among those individu- als who die between waves. Thus, if an individual who did not report diabetes in 2003 dies between 2003 and 2012 and a spouse identifies diabetes as **the** cause **of** death we do not recode **the** 2003 self-report. And, finally, **the** calculations include **the** protective effects **of** obesity and overweight, thus dampening **the** overall impact **on** mortality. We believe this is incorrect since, at least in **the** MHAS sample, protective effects are **the** product **of** artifacts and misspecified models. However, **the** results presented above should temper statements suggesting that obesity may have ambiguous or even beneficial ef- fect **on** survival at older ages. As smoking has done in **the** past and will continue to do so in **the** future, obesity has had and will continue to have a strong impact **on** health status, health care, health costs, and could gradu- ally erode future improvements in longevity.

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Early calculators were “dumb” machines that essentially relied **on** in- crementation **of** digits. An important step in **the** development **of** modern computers was mechanical representation **of** logical steps. **The** first commercially practical information-processing machine was **the** Jac- quard loom, developed in 1804. This machine used interchangeable punched cards that controlled **the** weaving and allowed a large variety **of** patterns to be produced automatically. This invention was part **of** **the** inspiration **of** Charles Babbage, who developed one **of** **the** great precur- sor inventions in computation. He designed two major conceptual breakthroughs, **the** “Difference Engine” and **the** “Analytical Engine.” **The** latter sketched **the** first programmable digital computer. Neither **of** **the** Babbage machines was constructed during his lifetime. An attempt in **the** 1990s by **the** British Museum to build **the** simpler Difference En- gine using early-nineteenth-century technologies failed to perform its designed tasks. 5

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In Section 2 we include all **the** properties **of** **the** Hermite and Gegenbauer polynomials which will need. In Section 3 we study **the** generalized Hermite polynomials and Section 4 is devoted to **the** Gegenbauer case. In particular, we obtain their expression in terms **of** **the** **classical** polynomials, **the** hypergeometric representations, **the** ratio asymptotics, **the** second order dierential equation and **the** three-term recurrerence relation that such generalized polynomials satisfy.

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