PDF superior The influence of large clases in the English language teaching – learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large clases in the English language teaching – learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large clases in the English language teaching – learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

Additionaly, the space for daily routine should be easy and free from congestion to avoid generation disruptive behavior. Then, wall space is another factor to be considered as important and needs special attention given that it is often utilized merely for decorative purposes and should not be like this; more effort could be put into improving this situation. A good idea might be placing shelves or a wide range of items such as worksheets teaching aids supplies of paper of references materials for the class in order to enhance learning in students. Next, general ambience is also important; this aspect has to do with the teacher´s performance. They should try to create a safe, pleasant and stimulating atmosphere so learning can take place in an enjoyable and effective way.
Mostrar más

62 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Tomlinson and Imbeau (2010) claim that when teachers give instructions it is crucial that instructions are clear. In order for this to happen there are two general rules for giving instructions. They must be kept as simple as possible, and they must be logical. The authors also suggest that some questions teachers should ask themselves before giving instructions include: What is the important information I am trying to convey? What must the students know if they are to complete this activity successfully? Once given the instructions it is important to make sure the students have understood. This can be done by asking a student to explain the activity or getting someone to show the other people in the class how the exercise works.
Mostrar más

65 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Abu-Rabia (1996) conducted other a research to determine how students’ attitudes and cultural backgrounds affect their reading comprehension of familiar and unfamiliar information in their first and second language. Eighty three students from two intermediate schools in southern Israel participated in the study. Most of the participants in both schools were from families of low socioeconomic status, and they studied English 5 hours a week. The method used was quantitative. Data was collected through reading tests and questionnaires. During the research process, the participants completed a 15-rain pretest about the stories they were to read in the investigation. A week after the pretest, the participants were administered a 20-rain questionnaire to assess their attitudes toward learning English. The reading tests were administered 2 days later; each group of participants received one story a day for 3 days.
Mostrar más

78 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

Regarding feedback, Gower et al. (2005) state that it enables teachers to help students check their success and progress. These authors also mention that feedback can be given through praise, encouragement, correction, and discussions carried out individually or in group. Moreover, Littlejohn and Hicks (1999) point out that feedback can be given through evaluation activities and can be offered among learners and the teacher. Referring to this issue, the same authors say that it is better for students to give feedback with one another by forming pairs or groups of three classmates, especially those who are friends with each other, since this provides a clear focus when they are asked to do a re-written piece of their work drawing on what each learner has done.
Mostrar más

65 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

English is one of the most spoken languages in the world. It is used in different environments such as businesses, education, organizations and traveling. That is why many people are learning English as a foreign or second language. However, when teachers do not use appropriate methods, techniques and materials, students may not learn it effectively. Thus, the main topic of this research has to do with the different factors that influence the teaching-learning of English as a foreign language. In order to develop this study, it is necessary to obtain theoretical support about themes related to this topic like the importance of teaching English in Ecuador, teaching methods, managing learning, lesson design, class size, classroom space, seating arrangement, teaching resources, classroom observation, learning styles and language aptitude. Also, there is information of previous studies which were carried out at different educational institutions referred to the factors affecting foreign language teaching and learning around the world.
Mostrar más

72 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

interviewed were not fully aware of the use of these strategies which suggested that strategy training was not introduced in their teaching. This study offered an understanding about the difficulties students face when dealing with learning English and how they try to overcome them to succeed in their learning process. They create mental linkages, deduct, compare and contrast; and doing this requires a plenty of time and previous preparation. As a result teachers need not only to master the language they are teaching, they must have also a full understanding of the procedures and techniques that can be used for students to learn effectively.
Mostrar más

78 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teachin g-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teachin g-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

There is a wide variety of languages around the world, some of them more widely spread than the others and all helped by a factor called technological development which influences communication, work and study in an enormous way. For this reason, English language in the present time has become a worldwide necessity far away from the common language that it used to be. In this context, it is known that most of the scientific information as well as the new technology come from the developed countries. The best means to understand and manipulate those is with the learning and use of English as a universal language; that is why some counties are trying to improve the teaching-learning English process in different Educational institutions. Ecuador is not an exception and, according to the Ministry of Education (MinEduc) (2012), the professional standards given for new English teachers for both schools and universities in the public sector, the process has started. The selection process will be based on scores where the maximum is 100 scores, where the 90 percent is related with language proficiency and the ten percent of the score is related to pedagogy.
Mostrar más

54 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

comfortable with the number of students in their classrooms. The rest of teachers representing 37 % of the group of 15 teachers claimed they were comfortable with the number of students they had to work with. This last group has a reason why they said it; those teachers had groups with less than 20 students. There is a direct relationship between the number of students in a classroom and the rate of success a teacher will have in having students learn according to the number of students in a classroom. The reduced number of students gives ample options of activities, as well as a more personalized focus on students’ needs and individual traits to help the teacher teach better. Savage and Savage (2010) claim the teacher-student ratio needs to be considered as well as the student density ratio for a successful class.
Mostrar más

63 Lee mas

Factors that affect the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian public high schools, research carried out at “Colegio Nacional Calderón”, “Colegio Nacional Luxemburgo”, “Colegio Nacional Técnico Nicolás Jiménez”, “Colegio Helena Cortés Be

Factors that affect the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian public high schools, research carried out at “Colegio Nacional Calderón”, “Colegio Nacional Luxemburgo”, “Colegio Nacional Técnico Nicolás Jiménez”, “Colegio Helena Cortés Be

The importance of teaching- learning English as foreign language in Ecuador has been widely recognized in the last years due to its everyday use in all fields. Having an advanced level of English has become into a tool, which allows facing the accelerated advance of globalization and the galloping development of technology. The unlimited access to the countless educational resources published in this language, as well as, to the information available in internet, updated every day; furthermore, a great deal of scholarships offered abroad directed toward students who master English language are the strongest reasons for students to achieve a B1.2 (CEFR) level at the end of third year of high school.
Mostrar más

124 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Soureshiana, Riahipour (2010), this study focused on the influence of gender in the EFL classroom, the study was carried out in Iran at pre-university schools. The researchers wanted to see if females performed better than males, if there scores in achievement tests were different and how big the difference was. The methodology for the study was simple as they assessed test scores from the end of second semester test, which tested vocabulary, grammar, sentence function and reading comprehension. A special statistical analysis software package called SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) 16.0 was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the females performed better in the tests than the males, these results show that gender is an important factor in EFL learning, they found that the effect is significant.
Mostrar más

65 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

It is crucial that the institutions not only check these plans, but also give the corresponding feedback to the teacher in order for the plan to be related and goes according to the syllabus, and according to the goals that the institutions have. This is important since the lesson plans contain everything that goes in the lesson, and through these plans the institutions can verify if the classes area accomplishing the curricula expected for that level. During the observations, it could be seen that topics in many cases repeat again and again, it means that the students study for example simple present in second course and in third course this topic is repeated again, this produces that students get fossilized with the knowledge, they do not advance since what they are learning is repeated and repeated. They manifested that sometimes they get bored because they study the same and the same even though they are in a different level. That is why, the government has put more emphasis on controlling the material and the lesson plans of teachers, and this way it can control what teachers are teaching, how, when, etc. this control pushes the teachers to work responsibly with students and take into consideration the topics and activities that can really benefit students.
Mostrar más

86 Lee mas

The Influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The Influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

In a English classroom it is common to find a heterogeneous group of students who have different levels of knowledge. Carrasquillo (2001) opines that when in class there are different levels of proficiency, the students need careful planning and organized instructional for each programmatic steps, for their learning. If the teacher carefully selects the content, students will study topics for which they already possess schemata. Using content and context together to understand messages, students develop coping mechanisms for dealing with unknown language in other contexts, ultimately fostering the development of foreign language proficiency.
Mostrar más

78 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The Ecuadorian government has acknowledged there are issues hindering the growth of English as a foreign language amongst high school students in the public sector. The average pupil leaving a public secondary school graduates with an average of 65% in English according to the National Secretariat for Higher Education, Science and Technology (SENESCYT). The government is acting proactively in fighting the low level of English found throughout the public school system. Some recent examples of this are the mandatory B2 level, according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Language, of all English teachers where Ecuador has teamed up with the world renowned nonprofit organization English Testing Service (ETS) to ensure English teachers have the appropriate level to be instructors. Also there has been the implementation of the program "Go Teacher" assisted by the University of Mississippi in the United States of America where Ecuadorian teachers receive training and scholarships to become better at their profession.
Mostrar más

54 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

On the other hand, there are two groups of students 6% and 3% answered that students do not have the opportunity to build relationships with their classmates because in large groups teachers find problems like different level of attention and behavioral mistakes. It is also proven that there is more interaction between the teacher and the student in smaller groups. In bigger groups the interaction between students and the teacher does not take place. About this topic Wharton & Race (1999) state that English is a complex language and it requires that teachers must structure the work appropriately; students should be comfortable with a simple request to do this in pairs, for a less experienced class, indicate who is to take which role, and give separate instructions for each stage of the activity. At the same time most of the teaching techniques are effective with small groups of students.
Mostrar más

84 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

Este proyecto se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de Manta, donde están situados los colegios UEEFAE N ° 4 y Stella Maris. La muestra fue de un grupo de estudiantes que fueron escogidos al azar, quienes pertenecen a octavo, noveno, décimo y tercero de los cursos de bachillerato, respectivamente. Destacando la necesidad de la utilización de una encuesta para descubrir si la instrucción, las implicaciones sociales y psicológicas de las grandes clases tienen incidencia en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Los resultados y su discusión nos permiten saber que hay influencia de las clases numerosas en el proceso de aprendizaje. Los profesores deberían actualizar la información de la enseñanza para evitar que los estudiantes sean influenciados por estos problemas en el proceso de aprendizaje en los colegios de Ecuador.
Mostrar más

94 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

“ Guess Who? ” is an activity in which students write letters and practice information questions, then they mingle the answers and when they find a person, should ask for that person’s signature next to the statement that identifies to the student. Likewise, an activity as “ mutual interviews ” is useful because the students can know what an interview is. Also, students can work in pairs and take turns to interviewing each other, for example, each pair joins another pair and introduces his/her partner to the foursome. In addition, the “ quick-write ” consists in dictating the sentence and the students cannot stop. When they cannot think, they may continue writing loops or write I do not know what to write, until the teacher stops them. Finally, in the groups, students choose and read the most interesting piece of writing. The last activity is names and adjectives in which the students form rows and they think of an adjective that describes them and that begins with the same letter of their names. After that, students say their names preceded by the adjective and all students will do the same in each row repeating the first students’ names and
Mostrar más

54 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

Seventy one students totally agreed that they feel they can act competitively with other students which correspond to 39% of the population. Fifty two students agreed with this statement, which correspond to 29% of the population. Thirty seven students partially agreed with this statement, which corresponds to 21%. Meanwhile, twenty students disagreed with this statement, which correspond to 11%. In all the observed classes, students were motivated to learn English when the topic was interesting according to their age. When TPR activities were done, they were very competitive and tried to answer any question; however, the physical space was not appropriate for them. When the teacher was doing competitive activities, there was no time to cheat or bother in class; yet controlling discipline was very hard. Harmer agrees with Richards (2001) TPR is a language teaching method built around the coordination of speech and action.
Mostrar más

89 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

In the Audio-lingual Method, Díaz-Rico & Weed (1995) observe the use of this method in the decades from 1930 to 1970. It focuses on communicative skills, which were developed through the listening of particular sound patterns and the repetition of them acquire a correct pronunciation and the understanding of second language. This methodology was developed taking into account the way kids acquired their first language; they were taught to learn their mother tongue as a process of habit formation. This method used ordered structures in dialogues that created pattern, which turned into habits. The weakness of this method was the lack of creativity at the moment of talking since patterned drills were used. It is important to say that this method is used to teach idioms and greetings that are normally patterned. Similar observations are the ones from Richards & Rodgers (2001) who stated that the Audio-lingual method or Audiolingualism primary objective was to reach oral proficiency, leaving a second role for the study of grammar or with a little grammatical explanation however, the number of classes also limited of ten or less are considered optimal. In this method many procedures are repeated such as hear a model dialogue containing key structures that are the focus of the lesson. Pattern drills dialogues are taught to be memorized by students, expecting them to minimize mistakes production.
Mostrar más

65 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

teachers develop their own style of teaching according to their personality. Gower & Walters (1995) give some practical advice to follow when referring to instructions. They suggest to primary create a center of attention in the student to make sure everyone is listening and watching, to employ simple language and short expressions, and to use language at a lower level than the language being taught. Furthermore, teachers should use visual or written clues whenever possible utilizing real objects, pictures, gestures and mime. Making demonstrations if possible, illustrating what to do; break down instructions if the activity requires a series of procedures, provide simple commands in sections and check for understanding, rather than giving out all instructions at the start of the activity. It is also a good idea to target instructions in the sense of explaining the content only to the students who need it, instead of giving complete directions to the class as a whole. In addition, discipline is a very important issue in the classroom. It depends on a number of factors such as: age of students; evidently children require more discipline than adults. Usually young teenagers are considered to be the most complex when it comes to classroom control. Discipline is intimately related to the causes for learning and student motivation whether they are forced to be in class or whether they are there voluntarily. Class size plays an important role, as it is more difficult to keep an orderly atmosphere in a large class than in a smaller one.
Mostrar más

55 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools.

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools.

The authors above also pointed out that there are different and stimulating techniques to learn English. First, there are interesting tools for teaching English, such as jigsaw tasks, information gaps and solving tasks. Second, information-gap tasks show that students find out information missing from other students. Third, problem solving tasks where the students have to obtain information to solve a problem. Next, decision-making activities help students to get multiple results of information to solve a problem. And the last task, opinion exchange focus on students guide mutual expressions of opinions without worrying to reach a term.
Mostrar más

63 Lee mas

Show all 10000 documents...

Related subjects