PDF superior The influence of the English language on the description of cosmetic products

The influence of the English language on the description of cosmetic products

The influence of the English language on the description of cosmetic products

- Serum/sérum: This item is only recorded in Rodríguez González (2017: 884), being defined as “cosmético con textura en forma de gel que se aplica a la cara para hidratar, tensar y dar brillo a la piel”. He also explains that “El término es bien acogido en el campo de la cosmética en detrimento de su equivalente español suero, tan ligado al ámbito de la medicina” (2017: 884). The recommended term suero is only used by Farma Dorsch. Nevertheless, this meaning has not been found in any of the lexicographical English works consulted as part of this study. After expanding our search, two different English sources record this item: the Merriam Webster Dictionary defines serum as “a usually lightweight cosmetic preparation especially for use on the face; specifically: a typically water-based, often concentrated preparation that lacks lubricating and thickening agents”; and an article about skin care products provides information about the use of the product since mid 1990s and how the term comes from professional cosmetology. 17 As a consequence, this term should be considered an Anglicism.
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Analyze the influence of the use of ict in the motivation of the learning process of a foreign language.

Analyze the influence of the use of ict in the motivation of the learning process of a foreign language.

In this sense, the English area has as its purpose the achievement of communicative competence in a foreign language, which will allow the student to acquire information on the most recent and latest scientific and technological advances, whether digital or printed in English, as well as access to new information and communication technologies to broaden their cultural horizon. In addition, it is important to create the conditions and opportunities for the use of innovative methodologies that strengthen the student's autonomy in learning other languages. Vivar M. (2014).
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Students’ perceptions on the factors that influence their willingness to orally communicate in the EFL classroom in Ecuadorian high schools

Students’ perceptions on the factors that influence their willingness to orally communicate in the EFL classroom in Ecuadorian high schools

These choices have been somewhat hazardous because students are not clear on what type of personality they have, due to the fact that each type has its specific characteristics that differentiate from each other, especially when it comes to interacting and participating in oral activities within the language classroom. Meihua (2009), claims that motivation and personality are two elements that must work in parallel. Therefore, the more motivated students feel, the more succesful, the results will be. However, there might be a counterposition because highly motivated students may have interests that are not even related to achieve fluency and accuracy in English, but rather interests related to something else. The same author goes further when asserting that there are external factors that might affect students´ personality, such as shortness of time, class schedule, different school subjects, a non-proficient language teacher, etc. Gebhard (2006), states that the key element to achieve succesful results in speaking activities is to create a friendly and relaxing atmosphere in the classroom so that students enjoy working and sharing their school time.
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The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools.

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools.

The findings of the statement number 4 are consistent with the recommendations of Hammer (2007) and Woodward (2001) about using group activities in overcrowded classrooms. Furthermore, the educators must have followed some of the tips specified by Woodward (2001) in order to implement tasks that require more than one pupil, for example, the teachers might have carried out interesting tasks, gave clear instructions to the students, indicated the usefulness of the activities, among others. Consequently, the class size did not influence on the situation investigated through the fourth question.
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54 Lee mas

Sentence Structure of Singlish in Written Materials: The Influence of Chinese on the English Superstrate

Sentence Structure of Singlish in Written Materials: The Influence of Chinese on the English Superstrate

As a result of our investigation and the information provided by Sato and Chonghyuck (2010), we have been able to determine that the Chinese language was again a key factor in the configuration of Singlish with regard to the subject-drop phenomenon and that this issue was connected to the idea of topic prominence, also motivated by such substratum. In these lines, we have proved how the idea of semantics played a crucial role as predication establishes the required links for effective communication, regardless of the fact that there is usually a null category in Singlish sentences which usually accounts for an overt subject in British English. As explained on the previous lines, this shows why a language, which does not have any other mechanisms such as the rich verb morphology present in Spanish, displays null verb morphology. Singlish, thus, uses those connections and predication so that recipients are able to identify a certain element as the focus or center of the communicative process, and as a result a semantic chain is constructed afterwards without the need of actual syntactic subjects as comments are linked to that topic by means of those mechanisms. This represents how subject drop, like in the case of the topic prominence issue, shows that Singlish deviates from the dynamics of Standard English and resorts to the syntax of Chinese to set the bases for a new and autonomous language which combines features of both tongues.
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The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

Firstly, Jimakorn and Singhasiri (2006) carried out a study to investigate teachers' beliefs in terms of perceptions, opinions, and attitudes towards teaching English in large classes. In order to access the opinions and perceptions of the teachers, it was decided to use a questionnaire. The questionnaire was piloted with the teaching staff of the Department of Language, School of Liberal Arts, KMUTT. It is composed of three parts with open-ended questions, closed-ended questions and rating scales. Part I, open- ended questions, asks for t he participant‟s personal details, gender, teaching experience, education and where they currently worked. Part II, closed- ended questions, concerns the participant‟s knowledge of their university‟s policy on class size. Facts and Opinions on Large Classes was in Part III.
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The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools.

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools.

The authors above also pointed out that there are different and stimulating techniques to learn English. First, there are interesting tools for teaching English, such as jigsaw tasks, information gaps and solving tasks. Second, information-gap tasks show that students find out information missing from other students. Third, problem solving tasks where the students have to obtain information to solve a problem. Next, decision-making activities help students to get multiple results of information to solve a problem. And the last task, opinion exchange focus on students guide mutual expressions of opinions without worrying to reach a term.
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63 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

teachers develop their own style of teaching according to their personality. Gower & Walters (1995) give some practical advice to follow when referring to instructions. They suggest to primary create a center of attention in the student to make sure everyone is listening and watching, to employ simple language and short expressions, and to use language at a lower level than the language being taught. Furthermore, teachers should use visual or written clues whenever possible utilizing real objects, pictures, gestures and mime. Making demonstrations if possible, illustrating what to do; break down instructions if the activity requires a series of procedures, provide simple commands in sections and check for understanding, rather than giving out all instructions at the start of the activity. It is also a good idea to target instructions in the sense of explaining the content only to the students who need it, instead of giving complete directions to the class as a whole. In addition, discipline is a very important issue in the classroom. It depends on a number of factors such as: age of students; evidently children require more discipline than adults. Usually young teenagers are considered to be the most complex when it comes to classroom control. Discipline is intimately related to the causes for learning and student motivation whether they are forced to be in class or whether they are there voluntarily. Class size plays an important role, as it is more difficult to keep an orderly atmosphere in a large class than in a smaller one.
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55 Lee mas

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that influence the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

About number of students, and seating arrangement; Philips and Walters (2009, p. 21) state: If the class has more than sixteen students teachers may be able to make a double horseshoe. If the teacher arranges the furniture in rows, it helps if the two halves are slightly at an angle. This kind of seating arrangement can be useful during a whole class interaction, in class open discussion. Nevertheless, if the teacher is planning a pair work activity and all the students are working together in close pairs outside of direct control, they need to be able to look at each other. So either get them to move their chairs slightly towards each other or lift their chairs and work facing someone other than their neighbor, depending on the amount of time the activity is going to take.
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THE BINGO GAME AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE LISTENING SKILL IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN THE STUDENTS OF THE NINTH GRADE OF BASIC EDUCATION, "HERIBERTO RODRÍGUEZ ANGULO" EDUCATIONAL UNIT EL CARMEN MANABÍ 2017 2018 ACADEMIC PERIOD

THE BINGO GAME AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE LISTENING SKILL IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN THE STUDENTS OF THE NINTH GRADE OF BASIC EDUCATION, "HERIBERTO RODRÍGUEZ ANGULO" EDUCATIONAL UNIT EL CARMEN MANABÍ 2017 2018 ACADEMIC PERIOD

According to 31 Cortazzi and Jin ... The tasks that must be developed within the listening activities are: dispose the students through a Pre-listening activity, these activities play a key role, since they give a global idea on the subject that is listening, prepare the student to think about the relevant game, it is also important how quickly the teacher speaks, because it must be appropriate for the level of students. Care must be taken with the use of colloquial words, since students could not understand them and distract them during listening.
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141 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools. Estudio realizado en la Unidad Educativa Pública Santa Elena , del cantón Santa Elena y de la Provincia de Santa Elena en el año 2014-2015

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools. Estudio realizado en la Unidad Educativa Pública Santa Elena , del cantón Santa Elena y de la Provincia de Santa Elena en el año 2014-2015

The process of communicative language teaching is an attempt to show some theoretical issues teachers should consider in large classes, where they have the commitment to language teaching. Many things have been said about language teaching languages; Finocchiaro (1983 ) contrasts the main sign of the Audiolingual method is based on the demand for memorizing dialogues structures , without explaining the grammatical structure and the communicative approach that gives importance to contextualization in interactive dialogues, which allow you to learn to develop the student's ability to use the linguistic system effectively and appropriately. Teachers help learners in any way, so that they motivate them to work with the language, so the language is used by the individual through daily experiences. Apart from being an interesting example, the communicative approach to teaching has stacked the cards in their favor, communication between previous approaches and traditions in language teaching. The wide acceptance of the communicative approach and relatively variously interpreted and applied that can be attributed to the fact that practitioners of different educational traditions can be identified with it, and therefore they can interpret different ways.
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72 Lee mas

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

Khaki (2010) focused his study on finding out the very common expectations of students in the classroom where they are learning English at a variety of different paces and besides, the class is large in number of students. The study is mainly focused on six different areas: classroom management, establishing collaboration, range of tasks, giving feedback, classroom English and home assignment. 60 students of tenth grade from government-aided school were selected to get required information. They were sampled using purposive non-random sampling procedure. To collect data, one questionnaire containing nineteen closed-ended questions was developed. This study revealed many findings at a time regarding the expectations of students in large multilevel classes, for example more than 90% of students like to be called by their first names. This study also proves that an English teacher should move all around the class. Sharing experiences like activity is highly preferred by a considerable number of students (40%). It shows that the sharing of experiences of teachers and students highly motivates the students. Besides, this study revealed that more than 90% of students reported that they expected additional activities over which the ones of the textbook. This study also focused that limited use of mother tongue in English classroom it is bearable and accepted, but the teacher should introduce some new words every day in simpler and shorter expression. In case of feedback, feedback at a personal level in the classroom is more preferable. The study reveals that most of the students like challenging activities, neither too easy, nor too difficult. Thus, it is essential to provide different tasks to different students, so that they can adapt them at their own pace.
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The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

The influence of large classes in the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian high schools

participants and the end are likely to be left out the conversation with conference table, large portion of participants have eye contact with each other and large table useful for plenary group discussion but cannot break into small groups easily , cannot fit many participants around table and during general discussion, several sub- discussions may form and disrupt proceedings and circle and semicircles of chair, people can relax and interact well , participants able to adopt open poses , no natural top position for trainer , easy to move into various exercises and games and stops people sticking to a specific desk or chair but in this style no flat work surface , no tables on which to rest books or material , no physical barriers , so more openness needed and intimidate shy people . In large groups , participants sit far from these opposite them .
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51 Lee mas

Emerging vocabulary: the influence of English on medical Spanish

Emerging vocabulary: the influence of English on medical Spanish

Ballesteros (2003:4) affirms that the Spanish language cannot easily produce short terms to replace Anglicims, and this accounts for the phenomenon described in the above paragraph, i.e. the increasing adoption of anglicisms. As an example, he compares the term stent with prótesis endovascular. Fernández (2004:21-22) also supports this idea as he refers to Cabré who explains the preference to use Alzheimer rather than patología de carácter neurodegenerativo que en el lenguaje médico se caracteriza como demencia. This deficiency of the Spanish language to create short Spanish equivalences is also reflected in the fact that sometimes researchers end up resorting to Greek terms instead of the Spanish ones preferring a shorter terminology. For instance, the term Hairy cell leukaemia translated for leucemia de células peludas would reasonably be substituted by tricoleucemia. This word contains the prefix trico- from the Greek noun trikos meaning hair. Admittedly, tricolucemia is more euphonic than leucemia de células peludas. Navarro (1994:509) advocates for tricolucemia and emphasizes the need for a terminological uniformity. Ballesteros (2003:4) states that euphony is also a reason that accounts for the use of one term rather than another in the field of medicine. To illustrate this with an example, kill cell corresponding to célula asesina in Spanish was substituted by célula citocida with its root in the Latin verb occido meaning to kill. Navarro (1994:510) prefers célula citolítica to célula citocida.
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Students’ perception on the factors that influence their willingness to orally communicate in the EFL classroom in Ecuadorian high schools

Students’ perception on the factors that influence their willingness to orally communicate in the EFL classroom in Ecuadorian high schools

The reasons that this high number of students give are as follows: they volunteer in speaking activities because they need the scores; others replied that they like English not only as subject but also as it is taught, which indicates that they are very motivated during the class with the appropriate methods and speaking activities. Another reason found is that they feel the desire to improve the language, which is also a sign that they are participating voluntarily. Most answers coincide on the point that the class is very well prepared, and that is why they like it. Nevertheless, the small amounts of students replied no to this question which can imply that speaking activities are not being well prepared according to some students. Thus they are not being motivated to participate voluntarily in class. With this regard, Gower, Philips, and Walters (2005) state that “ Speaking activities need to be carefully structured at first, especially at lower levels, so that the students have few demands on them ” (p. 101).
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53 Lee mas

“I am not one of his followers”: The Rewriting of the Cultural Icon of the Virgin in Colm Tóibín’s The Testament of Mary

“I am not one of his followers”: The Rewriting of the Cultural Icon of the Virgin in Colm Tóibín’s The Testament of Mary

Aware that Jesus has become a celebrity and his deeds a recurrent topic of conversation, Mary remains skeptical, commenting that “for those who gathered and gossiped it was a high time, filled with rumours and fresh news, filled with stories both true and wildly exaggerated” (56). This illustrates that her son’s miracles are but a secondary issue for her. What matters to Mary is that she is being pointed at, her house marked, her privacy invaded. Since people recognise her only as the mother of Jesus, Mary strains to reclaim a life and identity of her own. As Edward Hagan explains, “Tóibín’s mothers […] desire their personal freedom to pursue their own goals”, despite the fact that “they live in the ‘other’ world of isolation and anonymity” (2012: 34). In The Testament of Mary, the protagonist’s world of isolation seems to be her house in Ephesus, where she lives alone in exile and depends on the care of her guardians. Moreover, another revealing moment in this novel takes place in Nazareth when Marcus warns Mary about her need to avoid being publicly seen lest she be arrested. Asserting her personal independence, Mary curtly answers: “I am not one of his followers” (58). Significantly, whereas the official story of the Virgin is interwoven within the narrative of Jesus’s divinity, Tóibín’s Mary would like to separate herself from it. Mary, as the mother of Jesus but not as the Holy Mother or Mother of God, seeks empowerment by trying to distance herself from her son’s influence.
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Speaking Practice Using Web 2.0 Technologies Tefl.

Speaking Practice Using Web 2.0 Technologies Tefl.

The present research deepens in a case study lived by students of Teaching English as a Foreign Language at Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia, UNAD, in Bogotá by observing the Pedagogical Practices, based on Web 2.0 teaching tools. Pedagogical practices were carried out during an academic semester, and these papers are determining the favorable as well as the unfavorable aspects found in the mentioned practices and finally aim to propose pedagogical strategies in order to enhance students’ satisfaction depending on academic results. Very often students’ satisfaction is a consequence of the higher grades resulting from the utilization of adequate learning strategies, and at the same time, students’ satisfaction is a factor impelling a decreasing trend of desertion.
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55 Lee mas

Factors that affect the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

Factors that affect the English language teaching-learning process in Ecuadorian private high schools

An additional study was held in City North Middle School, which is located in Fenghua, Zhejiang Province. The participants of the study were students from seventh grade (49 students in Class Four and 45 in Class Eight); these learners can demonstrate different attitudes through English learning, considering they are now in a new environment which is high school. There were some negative reactions showed by students, the most common were anxiety, hopeless, boredom and low self- confidence. One of the reasons that could explain students‟ anxiety was
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57 Lee mas

The Influence of Mobile Phone Users on the Design of 3G Products and Services

The Influence of Mobile Phone Users on the Design of 3G Products and Services

Emotional response – people’s attachment to their mobile phone The UMTS Studies 9, 10 found that mobile phone users appear to have a more emotional relationship with their mobile device than they do with other compu- tational or communications devices. This manifests itself in a variety of ways. Apart from the tendency to use person-to-person services in preference to person-to- information services as discussed earlier in this article, it is important to observe the very ways that people talk about the device. People tend to use emotional terms to describe their experiences with the mobile phone such as, ‘We often have panic situ- ations when the battery runs down’, or ‘I love it because we are not restricted’ when talking about being able to phone friends wherever they are. The mobile phone itself is an inanimate object and as such it acts as a conduit between people who already have some form of relationship and especially between those who are close to each other. The mobile phone leads to the feeling of being near to loved ones described by some as having a sense of on-going ‘connected presence’ 18 . Knowing that friends and
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5 Lee mas

Tracing context in the discourse of the media: features of language-in-use in the British press

Tracing context in the discourse of the media: features of language-in-use in the British press

a set of news reports from the British national newspapers The Times and The Sun, it is examined the association between the situational variables field, tenor and mode and predictable[r]

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