PDF superior THE LAYOUT OF THE DISSERTATION OR THESIS

THE LAYOUT OF THE DISSERTATION OR THESIS

THE LAYOUT OF THE DISSERTATION OR THESIS

assistance. A large percentage of research could not be successfully completed without the input of institutions and individuals. Mention must be made of financial support received and staff or other persons who have provided support. It is traditional to acknowledge your supervisor or promoter. You simply name the person or institution, mention the contribution and thank them (eg. I would like to express my sincere gratitude and appreciation to: My supervisor, Prof XYZ, for his/her positive attitude and guidance and the Institute XYZ for financial assistance
Mostrar más

5 Lee mas

The Importance of Introducing Culture to the Teaching of its Language: A Teaching Porposal in ELT

The Importance of Introducing Culture to the Teaching of its Language: A Teaching Porposal in ELT

Thousands are the people that nowadays decide to choose the English language as their means of communication with people from different nationalities. It is certain that English has already become the new lingua franca (ELF) due to its global use in many foreign countries. In addition, English is also referred to as the international language used for governmental affairs as well as for business, media and, very importantly, education. Therefore, its teaching is crucial to educate students who will have to coexist in this globalised and multicultural world with people from other cultures and different nationalities. Hence, due to the advent of globalisation, the contact with other cultures is stronger than ever and I believe that language teachers should take advantage of this situation and promote tolerance and respect throughout their lessons. It is the aim of this paper to support a teaching methodology which includes both the teaching of a language, more precisely, the English language, and its culture simultaneously in order to instruct students not only the language by itself but also the richness of its culture in every sphere. To demonstrate the feasibility of this way of teaching, a didactic proposal will be put forward showing sample activities which integrate both the learning of the language and its culture. Furthermore, this master’s dissertation will centre not only on the teaching of British or American culture and their language, as the metropolitan varieties of English, but the relevance of other World Englishes will be also brought up to make students aware of the different Englishes that exist around the world.
Mostrar más

73 Lee mas

The Stoic psychological physicalism: an ancient version of the causal closure thesis”

The Stoic psychological physicalism: an ancient version of the causal closure thesis”

impulses travel as electrical current along one’s neurons; however, they imag- ined a way to explain the “contact,” so to speak, between my belief or desire (which for them were one’s soul, a body somehow disposed) and the move- ment of my arm. Like many contemporary philosophers of mind, the Stoics were worried about overcoming the difficulties inherent to the substance dualism, particularly the one related to the unbridgeable gap between the im- material and the material. Th us, for the Stoics a basic problem for substance dualism is how to account for the causal relation between a mental state and a physical event (the former being immaterial and the latter material). Not surprisingly, this is also one of the major objections contemporary physical- ism makes to substantial dualism and even to proper dualism (such as emer- gentism, that is, the view that certain properties are physically irreducible); in fact, although dualism takes mental phenomena to be distinct from neural phenomena, contemporary physiology shows that, in a limb’s movement, a neuro-physical movement is involved. Th is criticism can doubtless be ap- plied to Cartesian dualism as well (and probably to Plato’s substantive dual- ism), inasmuch as the thesis that soul and body are two completely diff erent items (that at any rate are related to each other) depicts an unbridgeable gap between two ontologically diff erent domains. Indeed this is what the Stoics seem to have thought when putting forward their physicalist arguments to attempt to prove that the soul is, like the body, a corporeal entity. (Arguments are presented in the next section of this essay.)
Mostrar más

28 Lee mas

Spherical layout . Layout for 3D graph visualization

Spherical layout . Layout for 3D graph visualization

The 3D graph visualization faces multiples challenges: the election of an appropriate layout, the use of the interactions that make it easier the data exploration and a metaphor that helps the information understanding. A good combination of these three elements (layout, interactions and metaphor) will result in a visualization that effectively convey the key features of a complex structure or system to a wide range of users and permits the analytical reasoning process.

2 Lee mas

The Tricks of London Laid Open: A Rare Instance of an English Book in Spain

The Tricks of London Laid Open: A Rare Instance of an English Book in Spain

Concerning to the copy of The Tricks of London Laid Open, the focus of this dissertation, it is interesting how a guidebook with tips to be safe in the eighteenth- century London could arrive at Spain. As it is mentioned above, the interest in the English culture and the number of people that travelled to England grew during this period. It is probable that one of these intellectuals acquired the copy in one of his trips to England, in order to get a guide with which to orientate himself or just as a souvenir. In addition, has been mentioned that it almost lacks wear marks, which could mean that, even though the owner acquired the copy, he barely made use of it, with the possibility that he never read it. Apart from that, with regards to the question the binding of this copy, as it was said above, this copy presents several characteristics that made to consider the possibility that it was bound once it was in Spain. Features as the few wear marks of the ends pages, the different types of paper used, or the style of book binding that this copy has, could mean that this copy was bounded once in Spain: it has a kind of binding quite similar to several works in the Royal Library such as Calendario manual y guía de forasteros en Madrid, para el año 1769 that belongs to the same genre and period. This fact allows saying that the copy was probably in Spain around the turn of century.
Mostrar más

38 Lee mas

La Huella del montaje Aby Warburg; Aldo van Eyck, Jerzy Grotowski: recorridos a partir del Atlas Mnemosyne

La Huella del montaje Aby Warburg; Aldo van Eyck, Jerzy Grotowski: recorridos a partir del Atlas Mnemosyne

Introducing its content in a window or frame foreign to the TDX service is not authorized (framing). This rights affect to the presentation summary of the thesis as well a[r]

875 Lee mas

Analysis of the Technological Innovation Process: Determinants, Consequences and Efficiency

Analysis of the Technological Innovation Process: Determinants, Consequences and Efficiency

142 Taking the main conclusions of Chapter II and Chapter IV together, this dissertation also contributes to the extant literature by supporting the absorptive capacity and open innovation approaches, albeit with some reservations, mainly relating to the technological intensity level in which the firm is immersed. Our studies show that the make-buy strategy is selected mostly by firms competing in HT industries, it has largely positive results and an impact on firm performance that reaches its height two years later. This indicates two things. First, that firms require this time lag in order to absorb and integrate the knowledge acquired by external channels. . Second, as proposed in the open innovation approach, the combination of internal and bought-in knowledge has a greater effect on firm performance than either in isolation. In addition, HT firms that fail to generate further absorptive capacity through internal R&D will derive no benefit from external R&D, as far as achieving innovations is concerned. Nevertheless, the findings for the absorptive capacity and open innovation approaches did not hold in our study of LTs industries, since these are able to benefit from external R&D without developing their absorptive capacity (internal R&D). Furthermore, there is no clear distinction between the payback from make , buy or make - buy , forcing us to mitigate the so claimed complementarity argued in the open innovation approach.
Mostrar más

195 Lee mas

A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF

A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF

The error correction is done for a control system in 3 ways basically viz., proportional, integral and derivative. A controller can use either of these term or their combinations, however, integral and derivative control are achieved along with proportional control. PID controller is the one which has all the three terms in it. So, three separate constant parameters are calculated and hence it is also called a three-term control. In time domain this may be interpreted as: P depends on the present error, I on the accumulation of past errors, and D is a prediction of future errors, based on present rate of change. The weighted sum of these three actions is used to adjust the process via a control element such as the position of a control valve, a damper, or the power supplied to a heating element.
Mostrar más

33 Lee mas

Exploring acknowledgements in ELT/TESOL master’s theses: comparing native and non native writers

Exploring acknowledgements in ELT/TESOL master’s theses: comparing native and non native writers

What is more, the thesis is a valuable object of study because it represents the conjunction of the students’ cognitive skills, linguistic choices, and researching skills. The conjunction of these elements reflects the development of their voice and self-representation as future writers from a specific discourse community and field of knowledge (Olmos, 2010). At the same time, the thesis is composed by different genres that involve specific linguistic and textual features that are influenced by the author’s personal and professional issues. For instance, acknowledgements in theses or dissertations are a clear example of the personal and professional elements that contribute the structure and content of a text (Hyland, 2003). Additionally, acknowledgements are an element that constitutes the preliminary pages of a thesis or dissertation which are prior to the introductory chapter (Oliver, 2004). These pages are also called front matter. Moreover, acknowledgements are described by Hyland (2003) as a space for students to express their gratitude to all the people (academic and moral) who contributed in the completion of their research process. In fact, this is the only section, from the entire thesis, where students feel free to add their voice while describing the reasons the addresses are present in this specific section. He continues by noting that through acknowledgements, students enhance a sensitive part to the whole project and show their humanistic identity regardless of their area of knowledge.
Mostrar más

96 Lee mas

DT 10/17 - Does inequality foster or hinder the growth of entrepreneurship in the long-run?

DT 10/17 - Does inequality foster or hinder the growth of entrepreneurship in the long-run?

With regards to the effect on entrepreneurship, Quadrini (1999) using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics in the USA for the 1980s finds that only those with sufficient personal wealth can start up a business since relying on external funds alone is insufficient. Similarly, Evans and Jovanovic (1989) in a study from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Men in the USA find evidence that would-be entrepreneurs must bear most of the risk from their ventures. As a result, wealthier people are most likely to become entrepreneurs, evidence that agrees with other recent studies (Fairlie and Krashinsky, 2012). Although some find that liquidity constraints deter self-employment for poorer households (Gentry and Hubbard, 2004; Zissimopolos et al., 2009), others find no evidence of a necessary binding liquidity constraint (Hurst and Lusardi, 2004). As Frid et al. (2016) argue, this mixed evidence might be explained by two factors. First, the empirical literature has typically not considered the initial wealth of the household, prior to becoming an entrepreneur. Second, empirical studies often focus on only people that have businesses already established, omitting assessing start- ups. To overcome these limitations, Fried et al. (2016) use the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics II from 1214 nascent entrepreneurs in the USA. They find that initial wealth of the entrepreneur, does not constrain start-ups, but it is an important determinant of entrepreneurial success. In similar fashion, Holtz-Eakin et al. (1994), using data from individual income tax returns of people who received inheritances, find that liquidity constraints are an important deterrent to engaging in entrepreneurial activities and for entrepreneurs to survive and grow in the medium to long-run.
Mostrar más

37 Lee mas

An economic personalist perspective of human capital : a compared anthropological interpretation / tesis doctoral presentada por Luca Sandonà ; dirigida por [el] Prof  Dr  Stefano Solari, [el] Prof  Dr  Juan Nave Pineda, [y el] Prof  Dr  [Gabriel] Gerez K

An economic personalist perspective of human capital : a compared anthropological interpretation / tesis doctoral presentada por Luca Sandonà ; dirigida por [el] Prof Dr Stefano Solari, [el] Prof Dr Juan Nave Pineda, [y el] Prof Dr [Gabriel] Gerez Kramer

For this reason, Smith felt it was essential that the state promote and coordinate education for the populace. 59 The active role of the state was not to work against the principle of free competition, but to work to generate a real demand for education. Parents did not know the value of study because they did not see concrete proof of its economic expediency, like, for instance, a higher wage for more educated workers. 60 Smith argued that the public should support, encourage and “even impose upon almost … the necessity of acquiring those most essential parts of education” (Smith, 1776, p. 328). Nevertheless, Blaug observes (1975, p. 592) that Smith never mentioned that elementary education had to be obligatory and free for all children. We can thus understand Smith’s thesis in the following way: firstly, the state had to publicise the features and advantages of the “product education” to the present consumers for creating a demand of this service in the future (Hollander, 1968). Secondly, the state could have eliminated its incentives. However, Smith recognized that the passage from the first to the last step would not have been so fast, but he thought it important to minimise the time necessary by promoting competition between different schools in order to help convince people of the importance of education. Lionel Robbins 61 commented that in the Smithian vision, the state “should provide subsidized, but not quite free, elementary education” (1952, p. 90). Smith thought that the state should create new public schools on a universal scale, but it also needed to support currently existing institutes of religious education (O’Donnel, 1985, p. 70-71). The experience of Christian schools, charity schools, Sunday schools and others might have been helpful in defining the new public realities of education (Fay, 1956).
Mostrar más

366 Lee mas

"Knowing you will understand”: The Usage of Poetry as a Historical Source about the Experience of the First World War

"Knowing you will understand”: The Usage of Poetry as a Historical Source about the Experience of the First World War

4FC %LEJGQF U?P NMCRPW A?LML F?Q @CCL UGBCJW BGQASQQCB @MRF GL RCPKQ MD GRQ NJ?ACKCLR UGRFGL !LEJMNFMLC JGRCP?PW NCPGMBGQ?RGML ?LB MD RFC PMJC GR NJ?WQ GL RFC PCKCK@P?LACNMJGRGAQMDRFCAML[r]

16 Lee mas

Photonic Information Processing

Photonic Information Processing

starts to emit stimulated light. This current is slightly larger than the cur- rent at which losses equal gain inside the laser, condition referred to as transparency [1]. For higher currents the output optical power increases linearly. For solitary conditions the threshold current is 12.87 mA. To ob- tain the threshold current, one can perform a linear regression analysis on the power emitted above threshold, which is represented as a gray dashed line in Figure 1.2(a). The crossing of the resulting linear fit with the x-axis at zero emitted power determines the threshold current. When optical feedback is injected, the curve shifts towards lower values. This is a well-known effect originating from a reduction of the total losses due to the re-injection of the emitted light into the laser [43]. This reduces the lasing threshold current and typically increases the output power emit- ted by the laser close to threshold. The feedback acts as an extra cavity and it changes the balance between the laser’s emission from the front to the rear facet. One can also observe that the slope of the dependencies are different. The solitary case presents a higher slope than under op- tical feedback, indicating a higher efficiency. The lower efficiency when including feedback is due to an effective increase of the reflectivity of the laser’s facet. Different slopes in the curves introduces a cross over point where the laser emits the same power with and without optical feedback present [22, 44]. Additionally, right after threshold, the P-I curve of the feedback laser experiences a kink before following a linear trend. This kink separates the P-I curve for the linear dependence shown as a gray dashed line in Figure 1.2(a). It was already observed in [43], where kinks are referred as irregularities.
Mostrar más

225 Lee mas

Application of ultrasonic micro injection molding for manufacturing of UHMWPE microparts

Application of ultrasonic micro injection molding for manufacturing of UHMWPE microparts

The search of new technologies for polymers manufacturing has become of paramount importance, since they are one of the most used materials in the world, due to their diversity of Physical-Chemical and processing characteristics. In this sense, the option of using a new method that produces low degradation rates and an efficient use of energy supplied as Ultrasonic Micro Injection Molding (UMIM) is valid [1]. Among the advantages of this technology, in relation to conventional methods of manufacture, is the short time spans (3 - 6 s) of exposure of the material to the energy that causes its melting prior to the injection; which directly implies non- aggressive degradation processes of the material, producing a very limited effect on the physical properties of the manufactured device. In addition, it is a clean technology as it produces low rates of waste and emissions. On the other hand, because of the quantities used per process cycle, it generates a much more efficient scaling at industrial level and with less cost, causing a reasonable use of materials that currently, and by the application of the devices, tend to be expensive.
Mostrar más

119 Lee mas

Predictive value of the number of symptoms during pH monitoring for the diagnosis of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Predictive value of the number of symptoms during pH monitoring for the diagnosis of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Symptoms have a low accuracy for the diagnosis of gastro- esophageal reflux disease (GERD) compared to pH moni- toring. The absence of GERD in patients with reflux symp- toms can be explained by esophageal dysmotility, visceral hypersensitivity, hypervigilance and psychosocial character- istics. The number of symptoms experienced in 24 hours may represent some of these functional, sensorial and psy- chosocial characteristics. Aims. This study aims is to cor- relate the number of symptoms reported during 24-hour pH monitoring with the diagnosis of GERD. Methods. We studied 424 non-selected patients (58% females, medi- an age 41 years, range 18-77) that underwent a pH mon- itoring for suspected GERD. Esophageal symptoms, extrae- sophageal symptoms, and no symptoms were reported in 199 (47%), 129 (30%), and 150 (35%) of the tests, respectively. Patients were grouped in GERD + and GERD - according to the DeMeester score. Symptom association was defined by the Symptom Index. Results. GERD + comprised 180 (44%) patients. Total number of symptoms, number of esophageal
Mostrar más

5 Lee mas

Audiovisual speech processing: the role of attention and conflict

Audiovisual speech processing: the role of attention and conflict

/ba/) and visual (e.g. /ga/) conflicting inputs. This variability offers a probe to asses if in a particular trial the AV integration process was successful or not, or in average how often did integration occur. Interestingly, not so many authors have raised the possibility that this might be a distorted model of perception, which needs to be carefully used for generalization to audiovisual integration in normal contexts. Even more, in most behavioral, as well as EEG and fMRI studies, the perception of the McGurk illusion has been often equated to successful AV integration, putatively equivalent to that of a congruent AV stimulus. This assumption has been supported by the idea that the McGurk effect, like other cross-modal illusions, was a consequence of the brain’s automatic engagement of multisensory integration mechanisms in a strongly mandatory fashion (Colin et al., 2002; Dekle, Fowler, & Funnell, 1992; Kislyuk, Möttönen, & Sams, 2008; Bernstein, Auer., 2004; Massaro, 1987; McGurk & MacDonald, 1976; Soto- Faraco, Navarra, & Alsius, 2004). Our claim in the present paper is that, despite in both cases (AV congruency and McGurk) there is AV integration their underlying neural processes are very different, due to the conflicting nature of the McGurk stimuli.
Mostrar más

183 Lee mas

THE IDEOLOGICAL PRACTICE OF NATIONALITY

THE IDEOLOGICAL PRACTICE OF NATIONALITY

In close connection to the consolidation of capitalism the Western modern state devel- oped a “rational” modus operandi (in the sense coined by Max Weber), which, among other things, installed collective memories of nationality that went beyond ethnicity and religion. This strategy was tied to the modern- ization of bureaucratic structures regardless of levels of development and thus institutional diversification took similar forms in different parts of the West. This translated into compa- rable processes of national identity construc- tion. As bureaucracies modernized, Western states soon started to elaborate and accept definitions of “national community” and “na- tional identity” that while not necessarily identical were akin to one another when com- pared with Asia or the Middle East. As the nineteenth, and especially the twentieth cen- tury state expanded and diversified, its bu- reaucracies penetrated the regions and were forced to deal with powerful groups en- trenched in civil society. States had to accept more democratic systems of decision-making and a long process of semantic negotiation about nationality took place. The Ideological Practice of Nationality in these Western states
Mostrar más

17 Lee mas

A minority within a minority: A Study of the African American Women Based on Maya Angelou’s Autobiography I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings

A minority within a minority: A Study of the African American Women Based on Maya Angelou’s Autobiography I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings

In this part of my paper I will deal with Maya’s identity since the very beginning when she was a little girl, insecure and ashamed of her physical appearance, and how this identity started to be formed especially after an event that tore her apart (being raped) and how she, through literature and with other people’s help, continued working on the building of her identity and the growth of her self-esteem. Due to issues of aesthetic order, as well as social, historic and cultural issues, women writers from the 60s onwards, created an environment in their fictional universes from which it was possible to define and to explore their search for identity. Being women and part of an ethnic minority, but at the same time belonging to the American society, the term “identity” in these women’s texts can be interpreted from three perspectives: social identity, racial identity and individual identity.
Mostrar más

37 Lee mas

Adeline Mowbray, or, the bitter acceptance of woman's fate

Adeline Mowbray, or, the bitter acceptance of woman's fate

Nevertheless, we become for a brief moment “reconciled” with Glenmurray when his affirms that “I love my system and my opinions, but the respectability of the woman of my affections more.” (46). But, although he has decided to make Adeline legally his wife, he keeps postponing the ceremony, thus transforming Adeline’s life into a path of thorns. She cannot go with “proper ladies” because they would despise her, as she learns when Glenmurray tells her that Mr Maynard would not think her a fit companion for his sisters. Glenmurray seems to be deeply affected by the brutal way in which society treats such a virtuous and honest creature as Adeline: men believe that because she lives with a man without the marriage vows she is a “woman of vicious inclinations” (116) and therefore eager to engage with other suitors, while women reject her for having transgressed the rules of propriety. His health gradually deteriorates, but the interesting point is that he does not do anything to put an end to Adeline’s suffering, of which he is the main cause. Major Douglas confronts Glenmurray on the subject: “But what vexes me is…that you should have turned the head of that sweet girl. The opinion of the world is every thing to a woman.” (82). Glenmurray acknowledges that he would like to marry Adeline to save her from abuse, but she is so convinced of the validity of the ideas he has exposed in his books, that she does not want him to compromise his theories. Douglas answers that if Adeline forgot that it was Glenmurray 19
Mostrar más

25 Lee mas

Anomalous vehicular traffic detection through spectral techniques and semi&un supervised learning models

Anomalous vehicular traffic detection through spectral techniques and semi&un supervised learning models

SUMO is an open-source program where it is possible to simulate continuous traffic. Each simulated vehicle has independent movement through the network. In this dissertation, SUMO was used for the simulation of vehicular flow and build a dataset with AVT at Atizapan freeway on-ramp. In the performed simulation, the following tools were used: activitygen 1 , duarouter 2 , and randomTrips 3 , which are included in the SUMO tool suite. The first tool calculates the demand for vehicular mobility in an area given population parameters, while the second defines the route that each vehicle will use to reach its destination given the origin. The algorithm used to generate this route is the Dijkstra algorithm. Finally, the third tool generates a random trip set for a given network. It does so by choosing the departure and destination randomly. The following sections explain the simulation process performed to create a vehicular traffic dataset to apply the proposed methodology 3.
Mostrar más

99 Lee mas

Show all 10000 documents...