Thus, the concept of urban support must be understood as a complex system where. apart from the built environment (facilities, housing, squares, infrastructures, parks, etc), there are also interrelated social spaces which shape a set of spaces that serve as social and cultural support to which everyone should have access. This aspect of urban support is the key to understand that ensuring a potential accessibility does not ensure the total accessibility of people to their environment, just because the urban space is not guaranteed as a satisfier of needs inherent to Human Scale Development (6). In this theory, human needs are defined as an unitary system in which they relate and interact. Thus, they are considered as "the sum of existential needs (be, have, do and be) and axiological needs (subsistence, protection, affection, understanding, participation, leisure, creation, identity, freedom)”.
I just got back from vacation last week with my family. We live in San Salvador. Last year we went to a popular beach in La Libertad but this year we decided to go to a more peaceful place where we could be in contact with nature. La Libertad, is definitely closer and a lot of fun, but our new vacation spot is richer in history and the streets are paved with cobblestones. It also has a colonial style church that faces the plaza where people sell artisan souvenirs. There is a manmade lake not too far from the church. I was really surprised at how big it is. To my eyes, it looked like one ofthe biggest lakes in El Salvador. My family and I decided to rent a boat and take a trip to the island and order coconut drinks while watching birds. For lunch we went back across the lake to an outdoor food court that served delicious lunches for less than five dollars. After lunch we sat on the benches that lined the lake and watched the fishermen hard at work. It was the most relaxing vacation that I have had in many years.
Dorothy Heathcote in 1972, points out that we wish to train our teacher for a better learning. In addition, it is paramount to train new teachers to provide them with the tools to be able to create a learning environment that is beyond simply spreading knowledge. It is also a must to train them so that they can give students the opportunity to solve problems without the aid ofthe teacher. This will not be lower standards, nor will it be deny that others have struggled painfully to achieve, nor will it waste more time. What it will do is to keep knowing at first hand alive, and thus increase their wishes for to get more knowledge from those who went before.
Gracias a la documentación conservada en el archivo de la residencia se puede reconstruir cómo era el régimen interno del centro; un régimen que nos demuestra la minuciosidad con la que trabajaba María de Maeztu. Se conservan los listados de las residentes, los horarios, las actas de reuniones de la directiva e, incluso, los registros de la hora de llegada de las residentes que salían por la noche. Además, había una Asociación de Alumnas encargadas de la organización de las fiestas, viajes, actividades de acción social y actividades científicas y literarias. Por otra parte, son muchas las cartas conservadas que dan cuenta de las relaciones externas que mantuvo la residencia: por un lado, con las familias de las residentes, con personalidades destacadas de la época como fueron Azorín, Unamuno, Alberti, Valle Inclán, Concha Espina, Clara Campoamor, etc. o con las propias residentes y, por otro, con distintas asociaciones extranjeras feministas, en especial con la International Federation of University Women (Capel 2009: 160).
The focus of this paper is to highlight the vital participation ofthe National Police inthe city of Bucaramanga-Santander in terms of solving problems that are constantly presented by the interaction between theenvironment and living things. This in order to promote the initiative in creating new policies, reforms and strategic plans that contribute to the improvement and development ofthe level of performance of this authority both; as for the benefit ofthe quality of life ofthe community in general, and currently inthe city, a group called Group of Environmental Protection and Ecological Santander, responsible for environmental and ecological oversight ofthe territory. According to the research, it is in addition to the specific guidelines legally constituted, under which governs the Environmental Group ofthe National Police, information provided by the Regional Autonomous Corporation for the Defense ofthe Plateau of Bucaramanga presented in terms of participation in plan environmental Decontamination also through articles published by media as Liberal Vanguard, which determine which are currently carrying out exercises and operations plans for environmental conservation, following the relevant regulations and legislation established inthe country. According to the above, it is determined that environmental education becomes a key to generating knowledge, attitudes and oriented to a culture of sustainability behaviors, where social participation in environmental management carried out by the competent authorities tool It helps to improve the environmental conditions ofthe territory and population.
Although UKIP has suffered a decline inthe years since the Brexit vote, the extensive and deft use of social media certainly helped the Leave vote, proving the power of such discourses to disrupt and redirect public opinion (Harris, 2018). Even more damningly, UKIP’s roleinthe passing ofthe Immigration Act, which made law the ‘hostile environment’ we discussed above, cannot be ignored (Harris, 2018). Their rise to political prominence on the coattails ofthe economic crisis and populist movements that subsequently swept through Europe has caused long term effects on the political landscape and shifted the political centre to the right. Effectively, in order to stop the bleeding of Tory voters to UKIP, the sitting Tory government at the time began promoting policies that aligned with UKIP’s interests, the consequences of which we are still seeing today (Lee, 2018). During a recent visit to the UK by the UN’s rapporteur on racism (OHCHR, 2018), she highlighted the increase of racial and religious hatred inthe UK since Brexit. The Leave win and subsequent government policies legitimised those who warned about the dangers of migrants (especially from the Middle East) (Gayle, 2018).
Knorz and Kulla (1996) developed their work in different work scenarios inthe medical field in America USA and Sweden. Langner (1996), an instrument designed to assess health particularly inthe metallurgical sector. Einarsen, Raknes and Matthiesen (1997), with this scale it has been possible to evaluate different scenarios in Great Britain, Scandinavian and German countries. Quine (2000), his research was conducted in British scenarios such as construction, tourism service. Piñuel y Zavala (2001) evaluated bullying inthe education sector with different subjects. Knorz and Zapt (2003) have addressed their research to the health sector. Björkqvist, Osterman and Lagerspetz (2004) the field work of these authors has been inthe education sector. Van Dick and Wagner (2004), as well as previous authors, have also addressed the educational scenario. The models shown have allowed quantifying the phenomenon in different settings and different subjects. One important thing observed is that most gender research uses only sociodemo- graphic variables instead of proposed studies, Björkqvist, Osterman and Lagers- petz, inthe educational context, discuss mobbing from the edge of gender.
Recognizing the importance ofthe Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the general recommendations ofthe Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, UN Security Council resolution 1325 and subsequent resolutions on women, peace and security calling for special measures to protect girls from trafficking, sexual and gender-based violence, sexual exploitation and many forms of harmful practice, such as child/early marriage, forced marriage and female genital mutilation, the incidence of which increases in conflict and post-conflict situations,
This author went back to Hume who made the point that describing what is does not allow us to proscribe what ought to be. According to Huxley and to some recent critics of human sociobiology, natural evolu- tion ‘selects’ for violence, gratuitous torture, rape, murder and every possible and even unimaginable horror. Theroleof law and moral norms is to try to thwart or even oppose our natural (murderous, rapacious, aggressive, etc.) instincts at every turn. Without the imposition of law, as Hobbes said, the state of nature is a war of each against all, where the life of man is mean, solitary, and short. Morality has to be spread and main- tained by the cold steel ofthe law, and natural selection does not advance it. As a matter of fact, professional philosophers almost unanimously dismissed evolutionary ethics. Henry Sidgwick (1876) wrote the following: “Current philosophical notions characteristic ofthe most recently ac- cepted system or manner of thought in any age and country are apt to exercise over man’s minds an influence which is often in inverse ratio to the clearness with which the notions themselves are conceived, and the evidence for the philosophical doctrines implied in their acceptance is examined and estimated.” One can easily imagine what he would have said about some ideas that haunt environmental ethics.
A study conducted on micro-insurance, women- empowerment and self-help groups by Amudha, Selvabaskar, and Motha (2014) in Tiruchirappalli, indicates that micro-insurance improves the socio- economic empowerment by providing shelter against the hazards of low-income people in exchange of a premium in proportion with the possibility and cost of risk associated. Another study conducted in India by Rajeswari (2012) on theroleof insurance corporation inwomen-empowerment found a positive association between insurance and women-empowerment. Furthermore, micro- insurance is one ofthe mechanisms of social security, and it also elevates the standard of living of poor people (Kishor, Prahalad, & Loster, 2013). Therefore, it has a positive impact on women- empowerment by reducing poverty level (Rao, 2008). Thus, these studies are consistent with the results ofthe current study. However, again, Atmadja et al. (2016) are inconsistent with the findings ofthe current study.
There is a growing literature on bias inthe media. How do the media choose which stories to cover? Ofthe stories they choose to cover, what is the slant given? And why is there a slant? Shiller (2000) writes, “Theroleofthe news media inthe stock market is not, as commonly believed, simply as a convenient tool for investors who are reacting directly to the economically significant news itself. The media actively shape public attention and categories of thought, and they create theenvironment within which the stock market events we see are played out.” He believes that the media strive to enhance interest in news stories by covering stocks that have already experienced a dramatic price change. The extra media coverage, or hype, draws investors’ attention to these stocks. This leads to a positive feedback effect, in which big returns follow big returns because of increased media coverage. Dyck and Zingales (2003), Mullainathan and Shleifer (2005), and Baron (2006) provide theoretical rationales for media bias.
It is a proven fact that rural women, like theenvironmentin which they live, have undergone a great transformation in recent decades. At present, a rural woman with a high educational level is observed, never reached, and increasingly, with more assiduity, occupying positions of responsibility that were previously forbidden. The emergence of alternative economic activities to agriculture, such as rural tourism, has led to the arise of entrepreneurial movements headed by entrepreneurs who have broken their traditional role as an invisible worker. In order to contribute to the knowledge of these changes inthe rural world, especially inthe Region of Murcia, and intherole that woman plays inthe promotion of rural tourism, it is proposed this research that investigates the characteristics ofthe entrepreneur and the company tourist that she starts up. Specifically, through the methodology ofthe case study, characteristics and motivations have been identified that encourage eight rural women to undertake a tourist activity inthe rural environment, highlighting among their results that the entrepreneur ofthe tourism sector inthe rural environment is a woman with a high level of training, annually updated that, in addition, has work experience, she is also innovative, risky and determined to take advantage ofthe moment and that with the economic and cultural resources which she has, starts a business activity for which she bets at all times, investing in it over the years and with ambitious future expectations.
Hay que estar atentos a todo tipo de señales. Esto, en efecto, signifi- ca que tienes que tratar de anticipar la dirección de la investigación. Ser un pionero en el campo, es crucial (María, 58 años, catedrática). Siguiendo las líneas prioritarias de investigación es importan- te, pero no suficiente, para obtener los máximos resultados en la investigación. Las líderes de los grupos también destacaron la importancia de la formación dentro de sus grupos de investiga- ción. Según las participantes, los grupos de investigación pro- porcionan la clase de ambiente de apoyo que garantiza un alto nivel y al hacerlo se forma de manera efectiva la próxima gene- ración de investigadores. Nuestras participantes informaron de tres formas principales en que se llevó a cabo la formación: visitar centros de prestigio en la investigación, formación 'in- house', organizada por la misma institución y participando en los cursos ofrecidos por organizaciones externas y por grupos de investigación.
The norteña music, known to be the one who characterize fundamen- tally the Norwest ofthe Mexican Republic, it is one ofthe integral ele- ments ofthe national identity. Their songs, rhythms, instruments, spaces and practices form part ofthe tradition that identifies a geografic region. From the Mexican Independence it has tried to build and homogenize a “national” identity, at which it has been provided of significations that tend to “erase” the particularities ofthe regions. With the national or local identity exists the gender identity, also constructed historically. Inthe second half ofthe XX century, the growth ofthe media allowed that this identities permeate inthe social imaginary. From above we ask, what types of generic identities for men and womenthe popular Mexi- can music known as the northern music propose? When we put in game the category of northern music with the one of gender, we consider, it could reveal some ofthe mechanism from which, culturally, are reprodu- ce the speeches that tend to perpetuate a cultural system. We propose that the Mexican Norteña music tends not only to reproduce but also to exacerbate the traditional prototypes of male and submissive woman.
By context we understand, everything that is around any situation when it is occurring, it is not only the place in which occurs but also the people, customs and environment. It can be consulted the Oxford Dictionary and got this precise definition about context: “the set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular event, situation , etc.” Based on this definition, it could be understood that the context also could be defined from different perspectives, „context‟ has at least two interesting meaning, one of them is an anthropological notion if it is taken in an individual sense with the human as a part of humanity focusing its attention inthe cultural and social manifestations of human