PDF superior The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

pedagogically because they break the routine and get learners involved in what they like, at the time that they permit them discover their real abilities and their skillfulness in a foreign language. Dorph (2009) also states that when teaching a foreign language, extra materials can influence to have a practical English teaching learning process. The author considers that a learning process should involve action and movement, especially when teaching children. Dorph also argues that it is not a recommendable idea to have students sit for long periods of time, because they become bored, which results in an evident reluctance to doing their academic tasks. Thereby, she asserts that English language classroom should rather be a work-shop-like activity, in which learners feel self-confident and willing to work and show their true colors. This in turn, enables language teachers to
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

69 In relation to variety, this study proposed to analyze and compare the use of eighteen kinds of supplementary materials grouped in five main categories: visual, audio, audio- visual, realia and Online, in order to determine if there is variety of use of these materials in EFL classes. With this in mind, it can be observed in graph 2 that in both high schools the supplementary material were limited to the use of the flash cards, pictures, handouts, posters, word cards, songs, dialogues, realia and of course, the white board that was the mostly used, leaving out the use of audio-visual materials and online resources. However, it is seen that the larger variety of use of supplementary material was in the public high school. This means that the teacher from this educational institution was more aware of the benefits of using supporting aids to reach the objective of the class as well as to help the learning process of the students.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

Chart number ten, shows the frequency of use of supplementary materials in the six courses of the public and the private high schools. Both schools used supplementary materials, the difference was that the teacher from the public school used it in four of the five observed classes, that in terms of percentage it means that the 90% of the total of times in her five classes, not necessarily reflecting effectiveness of the use of the blackboard; she used it only to take note of vocabulary, ignoring the many ways in which a board can be used, with no creativity of supplementary material. As perceived by the researchers, all this, attitude was the resultant of lack of knowledge or experience on the educational field of the teacher in charge of this course.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

1 ABSTRACT This study explores the use of supplementary materials in EFL Classes. The purpose of this study was to determine which were the most frequent supplementary materials used by teachers. Qualitative and quantitative methodologies were used in order to ensure the best results. The Literature review was based on a wide-range of text references; classes were structurally observed and data was collected in the observation matrixes. Moreover, surveys were administered to students and English teachers. Two high Schools, one public and one private were chosen randomly to do the research in the north of the city of Quito, Ecuador. The sample was a group of students from first, second, and third year as well as their teachers. As conclusion, it may be said that both schools used supplementary material. In private school, supplementary materials were used slightly more often than in public education. Visual aids rated as most commonly used in both schools since teachers do not realize the importance of use different
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

RESUMEN: This research explores the use of supplementary material in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools. The general objective is to determine, to compare and to analyze the supplementary material used in English classes. The research was developed in 1 st , 2 nd and 3 rd year of Bachillerato through data collection, observation classes, observation about the material used in classes, survey´s teachers and survey´s students, qualitative and quantitative analysis, moreover books, internet and didactic guide show us how important the supplementary material is used in classes. Through this research shows how the supplementary material is used and it influences in the learning process. Additionally, it showed that the most commonly used supplementary materials in both institutions were visual materials. In the public high school the supplementary material was used with originality and also it was used in relation to the level students´ knowledge. Also, in this research was observed how teachers have limitation in the use of supplementary material for this reason students were not motivated in the teaching of second language.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

1 Abstract This study is about the use of supplementary materials in English foreign language (EFL) classes with a comparative analysis of public and private high schools in Guayaquil. Its purpose is to find out whether or not teachers use supplementary materials, and if they do, how pertinent, appropriate, and qualified they are. This research was conducted in private and public high schools. It consisted of observing 30 EFL classes from 1st, 2nd and 3 rd Senior years. This study was qualitative and quantitative approached. Data was collected through observation forms, questionnaires, and surveys. For the analysis and interpretation of results, the qualitative analysis was done taking into consideration pertinence, appropriateness and quality of each type of supplementary material used. And quantitative analysis was done to determine and analyze the frequency of supplementary materials used in the three observed courses.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

1 ABSTRACT The use of supplementary materials is of particular importance for Second and Foreign Language learners who frequently are not sufficiently motivated to learn English despite years of formal study. Consequently, this study “The use of supplementary material in EFL classes: A comparative Analysis of a Public and a Private High School in the city of Quito- Ecuador” is focused on the extra material used in the classroom that is different from that which is part of the course book and workbook. The sample chosen for this research was the selection of 1 st , 2 nd , and 3 rd years which consisted of male gender class whose students were around 14 and 17 years old. It was also necessary to develop a survey which was conducted to collect data that was analyzed in order to evaluate the students’ and teachers’ opinions on using supplementary materials. Teachers are not willing to use them every day, because they consider the student book is enough and the teachers must been
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The white board was used with pertinence in relation with the topic and objective. Firstly, teacher wrote useful expressions in the order in which they were used in the conversation: love, hate, like, into, can’t stand etc. After she reviewed the grammar and listened to expressions with strong stress because students would practice the dialogue at the end of the class. The teacher focused on the pronunciation of the words and explained about the simple present of the verb like in affirmative, negative and Interrogative form through examples. After working with some new language, teacher wrote all these words in spare parts on the board. Then, teacher asked students to read the words out loud to make the original pattern or a variation such as “she likes to dance belly dancing”, etc.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

Dash (2007) explains that didactic materials can create a real meaning of the words and join abstract concepts with concrete experiences. There are a wide variety of aids to choose but the selection and application imply a crucial decision for teachers due to some aspects must be taken into account. In this section, some topics related to this will be analyzed; teaching a foreign language, learner differences, learning styles, teaching techniques and contexts, the role of supplementary material as well as a preview of theoretical studies.
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The Use of Supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The Use of Supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

29 well as to five websites that the learners could use to practice their language skills on their own. Before the training session started, the students were asked to fill out an anonymous questionnaire in their native language. Then, the students were given two weeks to complete a series of homework activities using the websites presented after the training session. The students worked in pairs on the computers at the learning center. The activities included exercises on slang expressions, idioms, phrasal verbs and vocabulary as well as reading, writing and listening practice. Moreover, students were asked to join a discussion thread in the student forums of Dave‟s ESL Café. They were also encouraged to play some of the language games found at the different sites. Two weeks after the training session, the students were asked to hand in their assignments and to complete an anonymous questionnaire concerning their perceptions of the experience.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

22 The methodology was used when five students were chosen as they had a longer experience in studying literature and had all the texts and genres chosen for the program. The use of a questionnaire divided into two parts: the first section focused on responds´ demographic profile such as their grade, gender and socio-economic status. The second part used a five points Likert scale to gauge student´s attitude towards text selection and teaching methods. As a conclusion the data from this study suggested that students were generally satisfied with the short stories but were less enthusiastic about the poems and novels.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

Woolfolk (2007, p. 124) explains the definition of learning styles: “The way a person approaches learning and studying is his or her learning style.” There are different learning styles that Bogod L. (1998) explains the characteristics of the learners. First, in the visual learning, the learners need to see the teacher's body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson. This kind of learners may think in pictures and learn best from visual displays including: diagrams, illustrated text books, overhead transparencies, videos, flipcharts and hand-outs. Second, in the audio learning, the students learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say. And finally in the tactile/kinesthetic learning the students learn through, moving, doing and touching... Tactile/Kinesthetic persons learn best through a hands- on approach, actively exploring the physical world around them.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

that presenting learners real objects motivates them and allow them to be creative when practicing the target language while Baldry (2010) refers to realia as a way to turn English classes into something memorable for them. Realia can be used in almost any subject and ages. It is a way to save time when learners recognize immediately instead of having long explanations or using other techniques which can consume much more time. The use of realia promotes elicitation in students. In the case of adults, they are very receptive to this resource and find it refreshing. Bringing realia to the class could also be a tool to prompt conversation. They can be used in role-plays to obtain the most realistic situations or promote speaking activities.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

They can also be aids such as maps and drawings. The audiovisuals can be grouped into the following categories, projected and non-projected. In education, realia are objects from real life used in classroom instruction by teachers to improve students' understanding of other cultures and real life situations. In EFL terms refers to any real object we use to bring the class to life and vice verse, life to life. Every day, objects that surround us by relating them to language and looking at them in new ways. Munford (2008) agrees that “real objects make a connection between objects and authentic language materials: they provide current language on all topics imaginable and provide constant reinforcement of grammatical forms learned in the classroom”. A foreign languageteacher often employs realia to strengthen students' associations between words for everyday objects and the objects themselves. In many cases, these objects are part of an instructional kit which includes a manual and is thus considered as being part of a documentary whole by librarians. Realia is increasingly being utilized in new and interesting ways.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools.

38 level of understanding of the students. The quality of this material was good; the things written on the board were clear and easy to read. In class 3, the topic was The Black Bull and the objectives were to develop extensive and intensive listening skills and to re-tell stories. The first task was to read the instructions and look at the pictures in the book, before reading the script about the story the teacher demonstrated the task with the given example from the textbook. The teacher read the legend and the students had to match the information with the pictures in their books. After that, the teacher wrote the answers on the board about the sequence of the legend. Then she read the text again for the second part of the task that was about completing verbs in past. Finally the teacher copied the answers on the board for everyone to compare, they had to retell the story with these clues.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

In the fourth class, the teacher used realia to explain about Occupations in order to develop the speakingskill about items people in different occupations use. To do that, the teacher gathered certain realia from the students, like: cell phone, make-up,lipsticks, calculators and mirrors to create sentences in the simple present regarding how people use these objects in their jobs.For example, the teacher said the following sentence:„She is an architect, s he uses a calculator ‟ . Then, she asked the students to say oral sentences like the examples given, using occupations they were familiar with, such as „farmer‟, „driver‟, „artist‟, „policeman‟, „carpenter‟, and „secretary‟, combining them with the objects she collected from the students. It was also related to the content and the objective of the class.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

52 Learning Styles Despite it is a teacher‟s task consider the different learning styles of the students in order to motivate them to learn the English language, the teacher of tenth grade did not consider the learning styles of her students since her classes were boring and not interesting. However, she should have focused on the following kind of learners in order to increase students participation: the visual-spatial learner who visualizes images to remember information, the physical-kinesthetic learner who learns best by using all the senses, sounds are very important to this kind of learner, the musical learner who responds to rhythm and likes activities which involve e music and songs, the interpersonal learner who likes to work with other people, and the intrapersonal learner who prefers to work alone. In fact, according to the student‟s survey her students prefer to learn by using power point presentations, pictures, whiteboard, songs, movies, realia, and dialogues.
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The Use of Supplementary Materials in EFL Classes: A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private High Schools

The Use of Supplementary Materials in EFL Classes: A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private High Schools

2 INTRODUCTION Teaching English in a foreign country has been a highly complex task through the years, this issue has worried many teachers because it involves a diversity of components. A very important aspectwhen taking decisions about teachingis the socio- cultural component, which hasa crucial roledue to the educationaland historical context in which foreign languages are taught and learnt. A second important aspect is theproper selection ofthe contents to be taught,on this relevant aspect relies the success of the teaching-learning process, and finally, the third component is the methodology used, which to be effective has to take into account the methodological procedure used, the resources applied, and the techniques used, all of them together collaborate for the teaching- learning process to be successful;however, teachers do not work alone in this process; they rely on different kinds of resources and aids, which used appropriately, may work effectively and help achieve their objectives.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: a comparative analysis of public and private high schools

8 th Grades In the 8 th grade of the public school, the results in show that materials used in this grade were the whiteboard, songs, dialogues, and objects. The whiteboard was the mostly used materials with a frequency of 5 times that represents 55.6%. Songs and objects were used once that is 11.1%. Finally, dialogues were used twice and it represents 22.2%. The teacher in this grade argued that materials are important to add interaction to the teaching process but she used mainly the board. She did not give any reason for her choice but apparently the board was frequently used because it is a resource that does not require any previous preparation such as selection of resources, colors, etc. Even though the board was used correctly in almost all classes students did not seem motivated and they prefer other resources such as flashcards, pictures, videos, or movies. In fact, students showed better attitudes in those classes where the teacher used songs and objects.
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The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

The use of supplementary materials in EFL classes: A comparative analysis of public and private high schools

Flash cards In this last observed class the topic was the Simple Present Tense in order to talk about somebody else´s hobbies and interest, likes and dislikes considering the 3 rd person singular in affirmative, negative, and interrogative statements. The class started showing to the whole group flash cards containing most of them activities but others just objects. Students were asked to express thoughts and ideas that comes for their minds in complete sentences. The instructions were not clear since the beginning and students express as they could without paying attention to the topic of the class. The material did not accomplish the class objective.
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