La hotelería está en un proceso de permanente innovación, por ejemplo: los hoteles de propiedad vacacional, los All inclusive, los hoteles de negocios, los hoteles ecoturísticos; González, Lechuga, y Francisco (2019) afirman que en México en el año 2018 existían 184,299 hoteles en el mundo, sumando un total de 16’966,280 habitaciones, según datos de STR (Sistema digital que interactúa activamente con un entorno con dinámica) observando un incremento del 17.7% en los últimos diez años con lo cual el número de habitaciones se incrementó al medio millón en 2 años en la última década según las 14’419,917 habitaciones en 170,047 hoteles que había en 2008 con datos proporcionados por la Asociación Nacional de Cadenas Hoteleras, de igual manera, México es el séptimo país con más cuartos de hotel a nivel mundial.
Today, we find many initiatives in museums and exhibition centres that contemplate technology and digitalisation (3D reconstructions, augmented reality, digital collections, virtual visits, radio-guides that are activated when you reach a specific point, etc.). It is true that ICTs bring many benefits in museum management, but they can also have the opposite effect if they are not used properly and if there is no rigorous evaluation of their application, use and user perception. Let us not forget that the incorporation of ICT and the new digital media offered by museums have developed in parallel with the rest ofthe social spheres. There has been a technological evolution that has diversified the digital technological resources that, inthe case of museums, can clearly become another attraction ofthe same, enhancing their prestige and competitiveness.
The research is considered relevant since it will lead to the growth of an existing tourism sector but not exploited in Sonora; Mexico, promoting the development ofthe region both economically and socially. The main beneficiaries will be the wine producers inthe State, also all the areas and villages near the houses responsible for wine production, so that it will generate employment but will also help both creation and growth of complementary businesses to enrich the tourist offer, supported by the theory ofthe processes of socioeconomic development of Hermansen we will try to solve this case and thus make wine tourism as such one ofthe great triggers ofthe development ofthe region. The objective set out in this research is: Analyze the social and economic conditions ofthe wine producing regions ofthe state of Sonora through a mixed research work based on the analysis of first and second generation information to identify areas ofthe territory with capacities to be detonated as wine tourism with what is expected to promote regional development and territorial economic integration.
Results: A significant decrease was identified after the beginning ofthe "infarction code" inthe total of major events (27.4% vs. 11.3%, p = 0.001) and inthe presence of heart failure (11.2% vs. 0.8%, p = 0.006); but with no specific difference in non-cardiac death, inthe presentation of angina, non-fatal arrhythmias, or the need for revascularization between the groups. Discussion or Conclusion: The implementation ofthe "infarction code" inthe Bajio region, Mexico, has beneficial effects in major cardiovascular events and presentation of heart failure.
This article explores based on the literature review, public documents, policies and information obtained through various publications, the implementation of this type of strategies inthe framework of territorial development and the analysis ofthe top-down approach. The information gathered provides some ideas on how this strategy has had a relevant effect on local economic revitalization by linking small and medium-sized food companies that base their activity mainly on traditional dishes and products from the region. First, it analyzes the structure ofthe strategy and its link with national tourism and cultural policies based on the main concepts of territorial development. Taking Bogotá (Colombia) as the main case study, this approach allows us to understand not only the role play of local authorities inthe promotion of gastronomic tourism strategies, but also how these local strategies can have an impact on local and regional development. in general.
creciente demanda del mercado. Al hacerlo, también deben asegurarse de que sus ofertas estén diseñadas para tener en cuenta la demanda de sus clientes chinos. Sería recomendable personalizar los viajes y facilitar que la información esté disponible en chino en sus motores de búsqueda y redes sociales. Los destinos, hoteles, restaurantes, museos, guías, etc., deberían afrontar estos cambios e intensificar sus esfuerzos para atender a estos viajeros y estar preparados para recibir a esta nueva ola de turistas independientes frente a los viajeros chinos más tradicionales que viajan con paquetes turísticos cerrados.
When talking about measuring the tourist demand, the arrival ofthe tourists and the tourist expenditures are two critical indicators which cannot be ignored because of their relevance in political analysis. Most ofthe existing literature is analyzing these two indicators, but they are often studied separately. Inthe recent two decades, it begins to appear in everyone's sight because the destination managers and the stakeholders have realized the significance ofthe tourist arrivals and the tourist expenditures. Many destination managers are looking for some special points about the destination features to develop the local tourism industry and to reach the final goal: to obtain the highest expenditure inthe condition of controlling the tourists arrivals within a reasonable range. Actually from theviewoftheimpactofthe characteristic ofthetourism destination on the tourists demand which are considered in this paper, the public managers ofthetourism destinations benefits something like to know why the total tourist expenditure changes and how to control it by taking some measures about the determinants we mentioned. More importantly, a new way of thinking about the determinants can be learned here.
Al respecto, Yagüe (2000) señala una serie de características de las nuevas modalidades de turismo en espacios rurales, que deben ser tomadas en cuenta al momento de establecer una oferta turística, con el fin de relacionar las necesidades del turista con los productos y servicios disponibles. Dichas características se abocan a un segmento del mercado entre 25 y 45 años, con nivel sociocultural alto, poder adquisitivo medio/alto y residentes en áreas urbanas, con localidades que promueven alojamientos específicos constituidos por los alojamientos rurales y de agroturismo; alojamientos clásicos, reorientados a esta nueva demanda: pequeños hoteles con "encanto" etc. A diferencia de la concepción tradicional del turismo rural austero, estos nuevos modelos en espacios rurales propician un nivel de gasto superior al del turista tradicional, tanto por el alojamiento como por el interés en la oferta complementaria basada en recursos culturales y deportivos.
Para la Organización Mundial del Turismo: “Durante décadas, el turismo ha experimentado un continuo crecimiento y una profunda diversificación, hasta convertirse en uno de los sectores económicos que crecen con mayor rapidez en el mundo”. Durante años el mercado en este sector ha permitido el desarrollo de nuevos nichos entre ellos, el llamado Turismo Negro. La definición de dark tourism apareció por primera vez en el año de 1996 con Foley y Lennon.
La tercera edad, ya no es vista hoy en día como una etapa en que la vida del ser humano se vuelve monótona y totalmente sedentaria, las nuevas concepciones de la tercera edad la toman como una etapa en que el adulto posee la experiencia y la madurez necesaria para aportar conocimiento y vivencias a las nuevas generaciones. Es por ello, que considerando el actual incremento de la demanda por hospedaje proveniente de este sector de la población, han nacido los hoteles para tercera edad. Dicha tendencia va en crecimiento, y en países como Brasil y España ya existen grandes compañías en este sector hotelero.
This paper aims to analyze the development of human resources inthe Mexican tourism sector. This industry has contributed significantly inthe progress ofthe economy. However, little development of human resources has been observed, many jobs are not well paid. Statistical data were analyzed inthe period from 2008 to 2013. The information was taken from reports ofthe National Employment Service, Labor Observatory and the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare bodies. The results show that the population employed inthetourism sector represents around three million people; most of them have primary and secondary education, while a minority with university studies. Inthe year 2008, most ofthe population had primary education, and a smaller amount with higher education. During 2009, the average monthly income was the smallest ofthe period studied. With respect to the employment position, in 2012 the lowest amount of population occupied in management positions was observed. In conclusion, the Mexican government needs to develop a set of public policies that allow the development of human capital inthe Mexican tourism sector.
Tourism today is an activity that contributes to economic growth because according to the National Air Transportation Chamber (2017) the number of passengers increased 10.7%, from 73.2 million passengers in 2015 to just over 82 million passengers in 2016, increase that according to the decrease inthe prices of airline tickets. InMexico, transportation generates activities such as the movement of people, animals, merchandise and equipment. The objective ofthe work is to know the importance ofthe airlines inthe development ofTourism. The methodology used is of explanatory descriptive type to measure the phenomenon through secondary sources. As a result, there are national capital companies positioned inthe market such as Aeromexico, Interjet, Viva Aerobús, Volaris, Aeromar, Mayair and TAR, among others, which contribute to the development and economic growth ofthe country through the generation of more than one million jobs and their contribution to the gross domestic product.
Mexico stands out among the main medical tourism destinations, the low costs offered by its health companies, around medical procedures and its strategic location with the United States and Canada, allows it to consolidate itself inthe preference of international patients, who demand other services Complementary, such as: accommodation, transportation, meals and recreational activities. The objective of this article: is to analyze the characteristics and competitive strategies that allowed Medica Sur to become an economic group of national capital, and its insertion in medical tourism. The methods used are: historical-critical and analytical. The approaches of historical origin and corporate and organizational strategies were used, identifying their size and structure, their acquisitions, alliances and certifications (Concheiro, Fragoso, & Gutiérrez, 1979). Results: Medica Sur is a high-specialty national capital economic group, with a wide range of specialties and medical treatments; accredited by the Joint Commission International Accreditation Standards for Hospitals; its supply and gradual demand make it possible to attend international patients annually, mainly from the United States, France, United Kingdom and Latin America.
The Mexican State assumes the rectory of development, therefore the federal executive presents every six years a national development plan, which allows the development of sectoral, special, regional and institutional programs. Tourism is subsumed as a dynamic subsector of vital importance in planning for economic development, derived from its role as a foreign exchange provider and employment generator. The objective of this work is to identify and analyze the regulatory framework oftourism and its importance inthe economic planning ofMexicointhe period 2000-2024. The methodology applied is documentary type with an exploratory- descriptive design that uses secondary sources of information; the presidential reports and national development plans ofthe reference period were consulted. Results and conclusions: the economic development process has required the establishment of conditions that ensure the dynamism ofthe services sector, as well as fully addressing its problems, which has implied a thematic and priority variety in planning, where the economic activity oftourism has become in growth axis. Inthe review ofthe legal framework oftourism, suitable additions are detected that support and guide the design ofthe planning, and envisage actions that were materialized inthe medium term in six- year terms and there is no comprehensive future planning, rather, tourism it is dependent on the trend of urbanization, investment and growth of tourist activities located as a safe offer and other productive activities that generate greater impact on the economy.
At least part of these limitations is based on a misconception of what life is like in a community; Many ofthe organizations that support community development programs idealize the relationships that exist among the local people inthe group, without considering that in any human group people have different and often conflicting interests and are hardly compatible, especially if the community does not exist, capable and honest leaders who are in charge of minimizing the disagreements and achieving the cooperation ofthe people in this type of initiatives. There is a lack of knowledge about the valuable tourist resource they possess and a weak appreciation of their ancestral traditions. A significant deficiency observed is the lack of teamwork that facilitates the various activities that arise from tourism processes.
The review of past literature has re- flected the multifaceted function of human resource development inthe hospitality industry. It requires proper strategic plan- ning to acquire, motivate, retain, and en- hance performance, loyalty, commitment and human touch. Many authors have laid emphasis on training and development that have substantial role to tune the employees with latest changes and development inthe accommodation sector. Since, training is an important sub system of HRD that has already been incorporated in organizational policy and planning. Therefore, Training is considered as an inseparable function of HRD activity. Human resource is a key element to spearhead the progress of ac- commodation sector business. Hotels do conduct the need based training pro- gram in collaboration with professional institutes for the noble cause of effective utilization of human resources. Authors like Singh (1997), Nankervis (1995), Bagri (1998) and Nankervis (1995) have strongly viewed for human resource development through training and development in tour- ism industry. Lenka (1998), Dash (2000) and Swain (2002) have stated about the human resource practices in various sectors oftourism industry in Orissa. All the above authors have argued for optimum utiliza- tion human resources intourism industry. The interrelationship between education and training is the pivotal element of hu- man resource development in accommoda- tion sector. Therefore hospitality industry can attain higher productivity through an efficient and effective HRD system. Classi- fied star hotels in Orissa have espoused the HRD wings to go ahead in conducting the innovative and need based in- house and out- house training program inthe active association with the professional institutes and the trade partners.
These conflicts of access to private property inthe Serra can be aggravated when a fire of great magnitude that occurred, like the one on July 26, 2013 where 2335 hectares of forest mass were calcined. After this devastating event most important thing was to carry out the recovery ofthe Serra de Tramuntana, but at that time a conflict arose, 93% ofthe burned area was private finques. 841 owners in this situation should give access to their finques to carry out the recovery plan is at these times that we must appeal to the collaboration and not create more conflict normativing to force entry to these farms. Moreover, the authorization ofthe owners allows public forces to help with work and economic aid.
development oftourism activities, along with other human activities, has led to a growing use of fossil fuels. Over time, this has led to high levels of greenhouse gases inthe atmosphere, an important cause of climate change (Dibike & Coulibaly, 2005). Moreover, increasing water temperatures as a result of global warming favours algae blooms during peak tourist season, with negative consequences upon the lacustrine ecosystems. Consequently, both weather changes and algae blooms have a negative impact on tourism (Foghagen, 2014). All these indirect impacts lead to the pollution of lake water and cause changes inthe hydrological cycle of lakes (Dokulil, 2014; Ostendorp et al., 2004). This idea has been supported by Gladstone et al. (2012), arguing that tourism has much more than simply a direct impact from tourist activities on coastal areas. There has therefore been an increasing interest in recent years in assessing the ecological state ofthe lakes by analysing relevant water quality parameters (Bhateria & Jain, 2016; Kumar et al., 2014; Romanescu et al., 2016; Romanova & Kazangapova, 2013). Some research has been conducted by analysing the links between water quality and quantity and changes of water bodies and tourism worldwide (Burak et al., 2004; Hadwen et al., 2003; Kurleto, 2013; Lange, 2015; Lin et al., 2013).