PDF superior Weaknesses, opportunities, strengths and threat of military prison system (2010-2014)

Weaknesses, opportunities, strengths and threat of military prison system (2010-2014)

Weaknesses, opportunities, strengths and threat of military prison system (2010-2014)

ARTÍCULO PUBLICABLE – OPCIÓN DE GRADO Experiencia y evolución del Sistema Penitenciario Castrense 2010-2014 El análisis de las falencias y debilidades del Sistema Penitenciario en las Fuerzas Militares, tiene su mejor opción y apoyo para la toma de decisiones en cuanto a la mejora desde la perspectiva de estudio que ofrece la Matriz DOFA 1 ; esta sin embargo, no podría dilucidar completamente lo esperado, sino se advierte con certeza y vehemencia todos los pormenores que, en torno al complejo panorama penitenciario y carcelario actual de las FF.MM., se suscitan, toda vez que, se ha convertido en una copia casi exacta del sistema general que reglamenta el INPEC y no se ha transversalizado su normatividad, así como los ajustes apropiados a la condición formativa y profesional que ostentan los militares privados de la libertad (Patiño, Chacón, & Aguirre, 2003). Hoy día en los Centro de Reclusión Militar, se encuentran según estadísticas institucionales más de 2.000 hombres (Tabla 1), soldados que entregaron y dieron su vida por razones de convicción y de naturaleza altruista en pro de la sociedad y su seguridad. Aun cuando el impositivo jurídico y privativo de la libertad advierte fallas y errores con o sin razón del rol misional, este se ha aceptado con alto grado de serenidad, pese a circunstancias contrarias dentro del proceso y sistemáticamente mal referenciadas en algunas oportunidades por los medios de comunicación y que procuran un escenario dantesco para el mismo dentro de los parámetros de la justicia ordinaria, lo cual desdibuja y hace eco a las intenciones del legislativo de una reforma retrograda en lo concerniente al fuero militar (Rangel, 2012).
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ortalezas, Debilidades, Oportunidades y Amenazas SWOT Strenghts, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats Telar Social México, 2015

ortalezas, Debilidades, Oportunidades y Amenazas SWOT Strenghts, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats Telar Social México, 2015

Telar Social México, 2015 @telarsocialmex Fortalezas Oportunidades Debilidades Amenazas Dx del ENTORNO Dx INTERNO + + - - No Controlables Controlables.?. Telar Social México, 2015 @[r]

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View of Positioning of cordoba in idiomastic tourism. weaknesses and strengths

View of Positioning of cordoba in idiomastic tourism. weaknesses and strengths

Great Britain is a mature destination in this tourism typology, however, in Spain begins to stand out. For that reason, it is a destination which is developing, making this stage coincide with a time when Spanish language is getting a great global appeal and it is internationally widespread. Language tourism did not originate in Spain; it has for many years been promoted in the United Kingdom, France and Germany as a sub-section of cultural tourism. In this article we analyze the current positioning of Córdoba as a destination for this tourist typology in order to diagnose and identify the main challenges and destination opportunities.
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Additive effects of threat of shock and picture valence on startle reflex modulation

Additive effects of threat of shock and picture valence on startle reflex modulation

The present study examined the effects of sustained anticipatory anxiety on the affective modulation of the eyeblink startle reflex. Towards this end, pleasant, neutral and unpleasant pictures were presented as a continuous stream during alternating threat-of-shock and safety periods, which were cued by colored picture frames. Orbicularis-EMG to auditory startle probes and electrodermal activity were recorded. Previous findings regarding affective picture valence and threat-of- shock modulation were replicated. Of main interest, anticipating aversive events and viewing affective pictures additively modulated defensive activation. Specifically, despite overall potentiated startle blink magnitude in threat-of-shock conditions, the startle reflex remained sensitive to hedonic picture valence. Finally, skin conductance level revealed sustained sympathetic activation throughout the entire experiment during threat- compared to safety-periods. Overall, defensive activation by physical threat appears to operate independently from reflex modulation by picture media. The present data confirms the importance of simultaneously manipulating phasic-fear and sustained-anxiety in studying both normal and abnormal anxiety.
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Global water-weaknesses

Global water-weaknesses

Facultad de Periodismo y Comunicación Social Universidad Nacional de La Plata.. Página 8 de 12.[r]

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Scarce occurrence and high threat of the Peruvian Plantcutter, Phytotoma raimondii

Scarce occurrence and high threat of the Peruvian Plantcutter, Phytotoma raimondii

Lambayeque.- Son 14 los lugares citados por Flanagan et al. (2009) sin incluir el encontrado en 2010 por Flanagan en Motupe. Rosina y Romo hallaron al “cortarramas peruano” solo en 3 de ellos: Santuario Histórico Bosque de Pómac, Rafán y Motupe. El primero es la única área donde el ave se encuentra actualmente protegida por el Estado peruano. Según su Plan Maestro 2011-2016 (SERNANP 2011): “se la encuentra en el bosque tipo sabana, en el bosque de galería y en la formación vegetal de algarrobal. Las poblaciones más conspicuas se loca- lizan en el margen izquierdo del río La Leche, alrededor del árbol milenario, en un área aproximada de 229 hectáreas” de las 5887.38 ha que ocupa el área protegida. La población censada directamente por Edwin Sánchez (com. pers.) en el 2007 era de 75 individuos, encontrándose también cinco nidos que no fueron exitosos. Entre enero y marzo del 2011, Nolazco et al. (2014) reportan haber censado 73 machos y 3 hembras con lo que extrapolaron que la población en el Santuario debía ser de 488 individuos. Nolazco y Roper (2014) encontraron 19 nidos entre febrero y abril del 2012, de los cuales solo dos fueron exito- sos y produjeron 5 pichones. Estos autores sugieren que este bajo éxito reproductivo en el S.H. Bosque de Pómac permanecería así. Entre 2007 y 2010, Rosina y Romo visitaron el S.H. Bos- que de Pómac en 4 oportunidades, y registraron un total de 5 parejas y un individuo en tres sitios muy distantes entre sí (6, 4 y 1 individuos). Es pertinente señalar que las visitas de Rosina y Romo al S.H. Bosque de Pómac no tuvieron por finalidad determinar la población de “cortarramas”, sino solo verificar su presencia y relación con la composición florística de los sitios donde se la hallaba (Romo & Rosina 2012). El ave se encontraba donde había “palo negro”, también conocido como “canutillo”, especie que en muchos lugares del S.H. Bosque de Pómac fue mantenido como cerco vivo por personas que invadieron y ocuparon ilegalmente el santuario hasta el año 2009. Se espera que con el desalojo de estas personas, las aves puedan repoblar algunos de estos lugares.
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People with intellectual disabilities in the criminal justice prison system: A failure of inclusion policies?

People with intellectual disabilities in the criminal justice prison system: A failure of inclusion policies?

tran insertas en el régimen penal penitenciario pone en evidencia la problemática social de un colectivo de alta vulnerabilidad que se encuentra en situación de exclusión social. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las características de la población con dis- capacidad intelectual que se encuentra dentro del sistema penal penitenciario español, así como los procesos que determinaron su ingreso en él. El análisis se ha abordado desde una perspectiva cualitativa, respondiendo a una pregunta central que intenta saber si el ingreso de las personas en el sistema penal penitenciario supone un fracaso de las políticas de inclusión. Los datos se obtienen entre 2001 y 2010 y se centran en el trabajo realizado dentro de instituciones penitenciarias por la red FEAPS, incluido el ámbito de la comunidad autónoma de Cataluña (única con transferencia de compe- tencias en cuestiones penitenciarias). Se realiza también una revisión de la bibliografía sobre la materia.
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Agricultural use of organic wastes as source of nitrogen and phosphorus: risks and opportunities

Agricultural use of organic wastes as source of nitrogen and phosphorus: risks and opportunities

which in some cases limits the availability of this nutrient. Another incubation experiment was carried out using two soils with different texture, different calcium carbonate and iron contents and two levels of available P; to which different materials from these industries (with and without composting) were applied providing different amounts of P. Soil available P (Olsen P), pH and dissolved organic carbon were analyzed along time. At the end of the incubation, in order to study the changes in soil P status caused by the different residues, a fractionation of soil inorganic P was carried out, which was separated into soluble and weakly bound P (NaOH-NaCl- P), reductant soluble P or occluded in Fe oxides (CBD-P) and P precipitated as poorly soluble Ca-P (HCl-P); and the P retention capacity and degree of P saturation were determined as well. Given the calcareous nature of the soils, the influence of the amount of P applied with the organic wastes in soil available P only occurred at the beginning of the incubation period, while at the end of the trial the increase in soil available P equalled independently of the amount of P applied with each residue, increasing the P retained in the least soluble fraction when increasing P applied. Conversely, the application of less stabilized materials with a lower content of P resulted in an increase in the most labile P forms due to dissolution of P retained in the less labile fraction, demonstrating the influence of organic matter addition on soil P processes that control P availability in soil. As expected, the application of organic wastes increased the degree of P saturation in the soils, however the values obtained did not exceed the limits considered to pose a risk of water pollution.
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Prison overcrowding and recidivism - evidence from an expansion in prison capacity

Prison overcrowding and recidivism - evidence from an expansion in prison capacity

Notwithstanding the epidemic character of prison overcrowding and the need for a better under- standing of recidivist behavior, to the best of my knowledge there is no evidence on the e↵ects of prison overcrowding on recidivism. The only exception on previous attempts to study this relation is Drago et al. (2011), who use data from the Italian penitentiary system to study the relationship between prison conditions, including overcrowding, and recidivism. The authors benefit from the process governing prison assignment, which in principle follows a territorial criterion (i.e. whenever possible, inmates are assigned to a prison in the same jurisdiction as their hometown). However, the authors also argue that overcrowding levels are an important reason for an inmate to be assigned to a di↵erent facility. This poses a threat to the identification of the e↵ects of prison overcrowding on recidivism. This is, even if the authors are able to control for unobserved heterogeneity at the province level, the problem of selection into overcrowded and not overcrowded prisons can not be completely ruled out. In any case, evidence is inconclusive. Although there seems to be a positive e↵ect of overcrowding on recidivism, their estimates are imprecise and do not allow for conclusions. I identify the e↵ects of prison overcrowding on recidivism by focusing on the rearrest rates of inmates exposed to di↵erent levels of overcrowding. A main concern is the selection problem. This is, the penitentiary system may determine that o↵enders with a higher likelihood to recidivate should be sent to specific prisons. This selection procedure could be correlated with the overcrowding levels
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1st INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON HISTORY OF PRISON AND PUNITIVE INSTITUTIONS

1st INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON HISTORY OF PRISON AND PUNITIVE INSTITUTIONS

El GRUPO DE ESTUDIO SOBRE LA HISTORIA DE LA PRISIÓN Y LAS INSTITUCIONES PUNITIVAS (GEHPIP), integrado por especialistas que trabajan en varias universidades, ha convocado[r]

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Towards Realizing the Strengths and Mitigating the Challenges of NGO Mediators

Towards Realizing the Strengths and Mitigating the Challenges of NGO Mediators

Negative competition is obviously of concern to all mediators, not just NGOs. However, when competition is counter-productive and serves to undermine an existing process, it seems clear that NGO mediators should restrict and/or better coordinate their involvement. This is not to say that competition cannot be posi- tive, especially in Track 2 and 3 mediation. In fact, forum-shopping and multiple processes can add value, provided that these processes complement and do not un- dermine each other. Another challenge for NGO mediators is to engage more of- ten in conflicts that do not receive the same degree of attention and/or resources as some causes célèbres.
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Compulsory equal opportunities plans: Advantages of equal opportunities between women and men for companies

Compulsory equal opportunities plans: Advantages of equal opportunities between women and men for companies

The Equal Opportunities Spanish Law (from 2007), establishes that those companies with more than 250 workers have to design and implement an equal opportunities plan between women and men. Since the “cost-benefit” relation of equal opportunities has not been yet studied, companies have to convince themselves about the convenience of designing and adopting an equal opportunities plan by means of non quantitative reasons. In this paper the main advantages of equal opportunities for companies are discussed, and some criteria are offered for its application.
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Vote buying and vote coercion in subnational politics:  weaknesses of the Mexican democracy

Vote buying and vote coercion in subnational politics: weaknesses of the Mexican democracy

El caso de México ayuda a entender los retos modernos que enfrentan las democracias jóvenes que luchan por dejar atrás su pasado autoritario. Acorde a las definiciones clásicas de la teoría democrática, el país puede ser clasificado como una democracia electoral que esfuerza por convertirse en una democracia liberal. Bajo dicho marco teórico, este trabajo pretende analizar algunos de los obstáculos de la consolidación de México y también procura analizar otros posibles caminos a seguir. Basado en elecciones recientes, este trabajo estudia dos problemas que han sido notablemente duraderos: la compra de voto y la coacción del voto. Resulta que estos problemas son más graves a nivel subnacional que a nivel nacional, lo cual nos obliga a revisar las definiciones clásicas de democracia en la literatura teórica. En particular, propongo un nuevo requisito para que un país sea considerado como democracia liberal en vez de democracia electoral: la democratización debe haberse propagada a todas las regiones más allá del centro, y a niveles subnacionales más allá del gobierno nacional. Esta discusión conceptual ayuda a crear un marco teórico para entender el tipo de debilidades que aún tiene la democracia mexicana. En este trabajo demuestro que la compra de votos y la coacción del voto permanecen profundamente arraigados en la cultura política de varios estados, como Veracruz, en donde el nivel democrático está rezagado. Al evaluar posibles soluciones, describo la reforma política del 2014 que creó el Instituto Nacional Electoral (INE), quitand así la administración de las elecciones locales a los gobiernos locales. El resultado de las elecciones intermedias de Junio del 2015 permite concluir que dichas reformas fueron insuficientes para resolver las debilidades perennes de la democracia mexicana. Más bien sugiero que México necesita un cambio de régimen a nivel subnacional. Sólo así, el país podrá transitar de una democracia electoral a una liberal.
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Images of social control.  Fear and shock in the viewer of a world under threat

Images of social control. Fear and shock in the viewer of a world under threat

“Why are our lives dominated by discontent, anguish, the fear of war, and war?” So begins La rabbia (1963), a documentary essay that provides two views on this question with a blend of archival footage and texts by Pier Paolo Pasolini and Giovannino Guareschi. The second part, by this latter, reads: “Soon the Chinese will be one billion. One billion hungry people. When this bomb explodes the world will tremble. […] We are walking an unknown path. This uncertainty about tomorrow is our anguish” (91’). That same year, Ingmar Bergman tells of a nuclear terror that resounded in the media, distressing viewers as Jonas Persson in Nattvardsgästerna. Jonas is a fisherman in a small Swedish village who, after reading in the papers the news of China’s nuclear threat, submerges himself in a voluntary social marginality. He does not speak, he does not want to see anyone, he can only think of the horrible destruction that lies ahead, of the cries that will be heard under the rubble. Karin, his wife, convinces him to talk to the church pastor in an attempt to return him to normality. To intercede for him, she explains how the press claimed that “the Chinese are educated to hate, and it is only a matter of time before they have the atomic bomb. ‘They have nothing to lose’, so they said” (17’36”). Fear is the reflection of memory that returns to warn of a possible event that will admit no amendments. These are images of the past that come rushing on a conscience full of guilt and fear before a return to a bellum omnium contra omnes –as Hobbes would say– since the memory still lingers of the bombs detonated on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, of those who saw the blackened and steaming skins coming out of hell. It is the case of witnesses to the catastrophe like Nakajima Kijiji, an old survivor of the disaster in Ikimono no Kiroku (Akira Kurosawa, 1955). Nakajima suffers the consequences of the most overwhelming reality that others do not want to (re)cognise. As if remembering Aristotle’s
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Legislation regarding transexuality in Spain: advances, weaknesses and paradoxes

Legislation regarding transexuality in Spain: advances, weaknesses and paradoxes

A partir de este momento nos referiremos a ella como Ley 3/2007, para la igualdad, para distinguirla de la que hemos venido nombrando como Ley 3/2007, la Ley 3/2007, de 15 de marzo, de[r]

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NIR spectroscopy can evaluate the crystallinity and the tensile and burst strengths of nanocellulosic films

NIR spectroscopy can evaluate the crystallinity and the tensile and burst strengths of nanocellulosic films

Associating chemometric tools and NIR spectroscopy makes possible quantitative and qualitative information concerning a range of materials (Burns and Ciurczak 2008). In the forestry sector, many studies have presented the analytical potential of NIR in discrimination of wood species (Nisgoski et al. 2015), in estimating chemical (Venãs and Rinnan 2008, Hein et al. 2010a, Esteves et al. 2013), physical (Rosso et al. 2013), mechanical (Kelley et al. 2004, Fujimoto et al. 2007), anatomic (Viana et al. 2009, Sánchez et al. 2013) and ultrastructural (Hein et al. 2010b) properties of wood and its products, as oriented strand boards (Kent et al. 2006), particle boards (Hein et al. 2011), medium density fibers boards (Rials et al. 2002, Belini et al. 2011) and cement-wood panels (Hein et al. 2009).
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Añelo and Vaca Muerta: Opportunity or Threat?

Añelo and Vaca Muerta: Opportunity or Threat?

At the same time, the local private sec- tor became more complex. The shale boom not only created incentives for local busi- ness owners to expand their activities, but also attracted outside companies interest- ed in providing services to the oil industry. Walking around the town, I observed two new casinos, ive hotels under construc- tion and a huge commercial center about to be launched (45,000 square feet)—an amazing amount of space, it seems to me, for Añelo’s almost 6,000 residents. These new local businesses are attracted by the promise of proits associated with new consumer demands resulting from the cash-generating shale extraction in Vaca
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A shared space. [Q]uality Plan of the Andalusian Public Health System 2010 - 2014

A shared space. [Q]uality Plan of the Andalusian Public Health System 2010 - 2014

The development of clinical management within the Andalusian Public Health Sys- tem also implies the fostering of a model based on improving the competence of its professionals and the continual search for excellence. The model must therefore continually adapt to the expectations of the professionals while taking into considera- tion the different sets of competencies which allow for the effective, efficient applica- tion of knowledge to clinical practice. This knowledge should be transmitted through teaching and generated by the development of research at all levels of the system. The progressive consolidation of the professional development model contributes to the strengthening of an excellent health system which is based on the continuing ad- vancement of its professionals via the consolidation of the professional accreditation model and the development of the professional career programme - tools which will lend solidity to the process and provide guarantees for its development.
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Opportunities for creation, modification and elimination of products, services and tourist destinations

Opportunities for creation, modification and elimination of products, services and tourist destinations

In this case we must study the Tourist Offer necessary to be able to design, launch and promote tourism products, according to the market to which they are directed. The concept of tourism supply, infrastructures and complementary companies will be analyzed. Also will be analyzed are the strategies and actions of positioning a destination to differentiate it from other competitors. We also make an exhibition of the main tourist products of Spain such as sun and beach tourism, cultural tourism, city and language tourism, MICE tourism or congresses and conventions, sports tourism (golf and nautical)and rural tourism.
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El código penitenciario y el tratamiento del trabajo. (The prison code and treatment of labor)

El código penitenciario y el tratamiento del trabajo. (The prison code and treatment of labor)

El Derecho Fundamental al Trabajo, puede de- cirse que tiene mayor garantía, en ejecución de la pena privativa de la libertad, cuando el con- denado se encuentra en condición de subordi- nación y sumisión del Estado, pues una vez el ciudadano recupera la libertad, el Estado no ga- rantiza su Derecho Fundamental, a pesar de la condición de pospenado, a pesar de que alcan- zo el fin último del tratamiento penitenciario, la resocialización, y el fin de la pena, la reinserción social. No existen políticas públicas alrededor de lo que el condenado aprende dentro de las cárceles, hecho que puede entenderse, como se dijo en su momento, si el Estado no puede ga- rantizar todos los Derechos de los ciudadanos li- bres, mucho menos va a garantizar los derechos de quienes fueron condenados a pena privativa de la libertad, por la infracción a la ley penal. Se tiene que decir que, a pesar de la expedi- ción de la Ley 1709 del 20 de enero de 2014, el poco tiempo que tiene, el tiempo que le dio el legislador al Gobierno Nacional y al Ministerio de Trabajo, para reglamentar los temas, generan
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