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Stakeholder 1 What were your first thoughts when schools closed due to the Covid19 situation?

Have these thoughts changed when the situation prolonged? T|S|P|D


How did the transition phase between the normal process of schooling and "new"

normal during the confinement looked like for your school. Which was your level of commitment with this transition? Is there any variation between schools/regions?

What is the reason for that? T|D

3 Have you received any instructions on how to start distance education? From whom you have received it, when did it happen, what type and how detailed instructions

you have received? T|S|P|D

4 Did you receive clear instructions on how to support students learning during the remote schooling period (e.g. feedback provision, level of personalization of

support…)? T|P|D


What type of support in the organisation of remote teaching have you received from government and/or any other actors (EdTech, local associations) to suceed in remote learning? Did you think that they are enough and who helped you most? Overall,

have you felt supported or stressed? T|D


Did you see some inequality and difficulty in the participation of the students especially those with special needs and learning difficulties? And for you as teacher:

Did you provide support and motivation for students that have been previously identified at risk or with special needs to identify, engage and help them? and What kind of help was provided to these students and to you as teacher? Could you describe them? Did you feel well prepared in terms of equipment and competences to ensure remote schooling for those vulnerable groups of students? T|D


How do you assess the efforts made by your government to help groups of learners excluded from remote schooling (e.g. because of lack of internet , lack of

equipment). Were the efforts existent and enough? How would you improve them?

Were they complemented by the effort and actions of non-profit organisations? T|D

8 From your perspective, do you observe any hindering aspects being a result from the remote learning period, such as more dropout rates or vulnerable groups more

affected? What kind?. If you could change something, what would it be? T|D


What are your views regarding availability of devices to organize your school related work (e.g. computer, tablet, smartphone): are they of enough quality and power for the type of work to be done?, do you have them available any time you need them?,

did you encounter any technical problems that left you without access? T|S


Were you/your school prepared for digital and remote teaching/learning? Was the school already using a digital platform/VLE to support learning and teaching? if yes, were they enough? How much of the teaching material did you have to prepare from scratch? Do you develop the content and material used for the lessons during distance teaching more often than normally? How much did you (teacher) use mixed methods of digital material, and textbooks and exercise books? Were teachers supported by anyone in this task e.g. the school, Ministry of Education? Did you have to team up with teachers from your school or other schools to plan lessons together?

And how? (e.g. through teacher online network) Has that decreased the burden of

work? What were other possible benefits of collaborating with other teachers? T|D

11 Do you have in your country one-stop-shop to access digital content? Have you used any existing open education resources (e.g. digital library)? If so, what was your

option on the quality? If so, was it useful to extend available resources? T|D


Have any changes/adaptations been made in the curricula requirements (changes in the content e.g. no new material introduced, only revision of content learned not all subjects being taught) and in the schedule?. Were there any guidelines provided at state level or local level in this regard? If so, what was the main focus/central guideline? Were cross-subject and cross-curricular topics or project-based learning

introduced? T|D


What solutions helped you to adapt your teaching practices to distance education?

Did teachers re-design their courses for the new setting? Did they use any tools for learning design?. How was the support organized (systematic support at school level, special help such as educational technologist or similar, not systematically at all),

were there any frameworks set in place? T|D

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Were synchronous online contact-teaching sessions organized, if yes for what purpose (for students to interact informally/ for students to carry out groupwork/ for teacher to give an online lecture/ for question and answer sessions about homework/

students presenting their work / individual student-teacher discussions)? T


Do you feel that the platforms provided by schools and/or those requested to be enrolled are protecting students’/schools’ data privacy enough? Did you take steps to protect devices or data (e.g. antivirus, password, filters) of teachers, children or siblings? Did the school provided digital security package to protect devices from viruses and other threats to students and teachers? Did you suggest ways to use the internet safely to your teachers/siblings/child? And explain why some websites are appropriate or inapropriate to them? Can you tell us a bit more about this

experience. T|S|P|D

16 As a teacher, how did you balance between distance communication and lessons and the amount of individual tasks provided to students? Did the pattern change during the different phases of distance learning? How would you evaluate the outcome? T 17 Did it seem to you that learners need more support and/or scaffolding when they

learn remotely than in a normal in-person teaching situation? Can you explain? T|S|P|D

18 Did your school cooperate with other educational organizations from the non formal sector to complement the education provision? What type of support did they provide

and, if pertinent, how technologies were used to integrate the educational activities? T|D|O

19 In terms of remote teaching strategies, did you adopt traditional lecturing or promote collaborative learning in small groups? If you adopted collaborative approaches, what

tools did you use and what type of challenges did you meet? T|D


Do you think that in your school students/you have the competences to regulate their/your own learning?Did you try to develop social and emotional skills among students and teachers (such as developing resilience to face the lockdown, enhance flexibility to adapt to the changing requirements, or fostering communication and team working to boost peer collaboration and support) during the remote schooling period? Do you think it is feasible through remote and/or digital communication? Can you, please, give an example? How feasible do you find social and emotional skills useful in order to help children face the new situation and help them advance in their

duties? Should they be promoted, and if so, how? T|S|D|O


In general, do the students in your school/you have the habit of using digital technologies for other than leisure purposes, including for academic work (eg.

searching information, collaboration between students...)? How did it affect to the transition period to remote learning? What digital and other cognitive and social and emotional competences/skills would help them/you to be better prepared to

teach/learn remotely?



22 How prepared/skillful do you consider you were in a situation where digital technologies became essential for the study process? What helped you? What

hindered your experience? What kind of support did you use? T|S|P|D

23 Is there an adequate offer of material and courses that teachers can follow to

implement remote teaching strategies and/or prepare blended learning? T|D


How was the communication and cooperation between school and home organized?

What was the role of teacher/parent/student? Were all parties equally active? What did you feel was expected from you? Which obstacles did you find? How did you ensure as teacher/director a good information flow and exchanged between school

and home? How did this process turn out? T|S|P|D


Did you see any change in the motivation and sense of belonging of some

students/your motivation and sense of belonging due to school closure, and remote schooling and the pedagogies that it entails? Positive? Negative? Can you describe them? What engagement methods did you apply to motivate your students? Did you have clear instructions on how to support student motivation and sense of belonging during the remote schooling period? What kind of examples do you have to share?

Was there any initiative to mitigate it? T|S|P


(Formative)Were there any changes in the students’ progress monitoring? For example, how would you compare the feedback that you provide to each students in normal in-person class and now during distance teaching? Did you observe/feel that the lockdown has any impact on children’s learning? What differences can you

identify at different levels? T|S|P|D


(Summative) Were there any changes in student evaluation? What was considered in students final evaluations this year? Were student evaluations (scope of content) modified as a result of COVID? How were the needs for evaluation (pressures) faced

by your class group/different year groups dealt with? T|S|P|D|

O 28 (Self and Peer-monitoring) Please elaborate how has the self and/or peer-assessment

of students has changed? How did you facilitate the process and/or design study

process accordingly? T|S|P|D|



29 (Accreditation/certification) How has the qualification process been done? Have you organised online exams? Have the exams has been changed or dropped? Is teachers'

assessment being used to grade the students? T|S|P|D|



Have you observed any changes in children’s/your behaviour/attitudes/mood and mental health in general during the lockdown? As teacher, did you see any

differences related to the age/class level? Have you addressed it somehow? Did you receive/ask any help to address these changes in your mental health balancee, was it

successful? What kind of examples do you have to share? T|S|P|D


As parents, in which tasks have you supported your children in the remote schooling?

What type of support did you provide to your children? How balanced or burdening was this for you? As student and parent, how was the level of psychological support

by the schools and teachers to be able to implement remote schooling? S|P

32 Were teachers stressed due to the transition to remote schooling? Did they have to work extra-time? Do you know cases of burnout? Is there any measure to support

them? What role played peer-to-peer exchanges to deal with this situation? T|D|O 33 Before lockdown: was there a psychological support at your school? Was it helpful?

How their services developed during pandemic? T|S|P|D|



What was the main stressor (fear of getting ill, preparing new content, lack of time/equipment/support/relax, your level of digital competence (e.g. running classes, quick reaction to bad behaviour, having classes online, using online content, helping children to start and operate the programmes, using new communication channels with teachers), students/parents/peers behavior etc.?). Did you find any harm using digital technologies (e.g. cyberbullying) What was your way to deal with stress and

anxiety? What are you afraid of in the future of schooling? T|S|P|D|

O 35 What positive psychological aspects did/do you see in distance learning? (More quiet

place than the classroom, more time-elastic, more time with family etc.) T|S|P|D|



What are the positive and negative sides that you experienced during the remote learning period? Would you be willing or able to do it again should the circumstances require it? What would help you to be better prepared?What would you do differently

this time? What is your opinion on the blended learning possibility in the future? T|S|P|D|


37 Based on this experience what advantages/disadvantages of distance learning do you see? Have you noticed any differences in teaching/learning remotely in terms of

quality of teaching or children learning capacity? T|S|P|D|



Having that experience, do you think remote schooling could be the catalyst to create a new, more effective method of educating students? If yes what is still to be done to achieve it? What type of educational innovation have you observed can stem from

distance learning experience? T|P|D|O

39 Has the COVID situation fostered discussions on the use of digital technologies?

Which were the main points of discussion? Do you think it will remain after schools resume in autumn?




There are new arrangements in place for schooling, are they already

made/communicated for the incoming school year in your country, how might this affect the normal development of classes and school activities? Could you tell us how does this affect the normal development of classes and school activities? What do you think that remote schooling will be handle in case of a new suspension of classes in

next school year? T|S|P|D|



In relation to what we have experienced in education during these months of lockdown with remote schooling, what would you take forward in your future XXX (dependent on stakeholder ‘teaching’ ‘planning/provisions’ etc), and what would you get rid off/want to avoid?



42 If remote teaching has to continue/be required again (in full or in part) for the incoming school year, will you adapt and/or develop a new course/lesson/planning for

the school year? If so why? How? T|D

43 In relation to what we have experienced in education during these months of lockdown with remote schooling, do you think that something should be done in the

future? And, is there anything to be avoided for the future? T|S|P|D|

O Note: T stands for teacher, S – student, P – parent, D – director. O – other


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